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GENEALC-GY COLLECTION 



,LLEN COUNTY f.y^iS'fii m'ij^ 



3 1833 01711 6044 



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HISTORICAL REVIEW 
OF ARKANSAS 



ITS COMMERCE, INDUSTRY AND 
MODERN AFFAIRS 



FAY HEMPSTEAD 



ILLUSTRA TED 



VOL. Ill 



:\VIS l-L I'.l.ISlUXCi CttMPAXY 
CHICAGO 
1911 



History of Arkansas 

T'riaii ;\r. RciSE. When it is stated that Judge Rose is a former 
president of the American Bar Association it \vi^l readily be understood 
that lie is one of the most distinguished, even as he is one of the most 
vcnei-able, members of the bar of Arkansas. He has been a resident of 
Arkansas for nearly three score years. He is one of the venerated and 
influential citizens of the state and no member of the legal profession 
within its confines has a wider or more profound knowledge of the 
science of .iurisprudence than this honored pioneer, who has dignified 
his profession and the fine commonwealth of Arkansas through worthy 
life and labors. His course has been directed on a lofty plane of 
thought and action and offers both lesson and inspiration to all who 
liave appreciation of the true ethical values in the scheme of human 
existence. Strong in his individuality and a man of comprehensive 
mental ken, he has never lacked the courage of his convictions, but has 
shown naught of intellectual bigotry or intolerance, but has rather 
manifested kindliness, lively human sympathy and an abiding charity 
— qualities that ever soften and glorify a life. 

Judge Rose was born at Lebanon, Kentucky, on the 5th of March, 
1834, and is a son of Dr. Joseph and Anna (Simpson) Rose, both of 
whom were natives of Virginia. Dr. Rose was for many years one of 
the leading physicians and surgeons of the city of Pittsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, when he finally removed to Kentucky, where he continued in the 
successful work of his profession and where he continued to reside until 
his deatli, which occurred in 1849. His cherished and devoted wife 
was summoned to the life eternal in 1848, and of their union two 
daughters are also now living. 135^1 t C6 

Uriah M. Rose was reared to adult age in nis native state and after 
availing himself of the advantages of the common schools of the period 
he entered Transylvania University at Lexington, in which institution 
he was graduated as a member of the class of 1853, with the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws. He was admitted to the bar in the same year, and 
in 1853 he came to Arkansas and located at Batesville, where he began 
the practice of his chosen profession, and where he continued to reside 
until 1862, when he removed to Little Rock, which city has ever since 
represented his home and been the scene of his earnest and prolific 
endeavors. In 1860 he was appointed chancellor of the court of chan- 
cery in Pulaski county, and in this important office he served until 
1865 — a period during which Ai'kansas was the stage of active and 
strenuous military operations incidental to the war between the states. 
Judge Rose favored the cause of the south during this conflict and after 
its close pla.ved a prominent part in the read,iustment of social and 
governmental affairs in the state, which had seceded from the Union 
at the inception of the war and which was not restored to its original 
federal status until 1868. 

Judge Rose long since achieved the highest rank in his profession, 
and as a legal writer and authority he has gained wide prestige. A 
fitting recognition of his splendid talents and personal integrity was 
1099 



1100 HLSTOEY OF AKKANSAS 

that accorded in 1901 when he was elected president of the American 
Bar Association, the highest office in the gift of the legal fraternity of 
the nation. In the preceding year he had served as president of the 
Aj-kansas Bar Association, and no member of the profession in the state 
is better known to its representatives oi' is held in higher esteem than 
this vrnri'niil.' Icizist and jurist .liidLiv Kcsc is autlior of Rose's Digest 
of Arkansas 1;.'|m.i|s. and lliis | niM iral i":i is ivcn-nized as a Standard 
work. Another disl iiiuuishcd liniKii- that eaiin' luismmht to Judge Rose 
was his api)ointment by President Roosevelt as one of the eommis- 
.sioners to represent the United States in the International Peace Con- 
gress held at The Hague, Holland, in 1907. This appointment was a 
recognition of merit and diplomatic strength, and had no political 
significance, as Judge Rose is a stanch supporter of the cause of the 
Democratic party and received this commission from a Republican 
president. He attended the peace conference and took an active and 
influential part in its deliberations. As a law'yer, scholar and citizen 
Judge Rose is one of those truly great and strong characters who have 
shed luster on the history of Arkansa.s. He has long been one of the 
leaders in the council of the Democratic i)arty in this state and for 
several years was a member of the National Democratic Committee. 

Hon. Charles C. Reid. The people of Arkansas, more especially 
those of the Fifth congressional district, that keep in touch with the living 
issues and affairs of the day, are more or less familiar with the name of 
Hon. Charles C. Reid, who served with distinction as congressman for ten 
years, but since the expiration of his term in that capacity he has been 
engaged in the practice of law at Little Rock, being a member of the 
firm of Mehafly, Reid & Mehaffy. A native of Johnson county, Arkansas, 
he was born June 15, 1868, at Clarksville, a son of the late Charles C. 
Reid, Sr. 

Charles C. Reid, Sr., was born, bred and educated in Pemberton, N'ew 
Jereey. Migrating when young to the southwestern part of the country, 
he served as a soldier in the Union army during the Civil war, and at 
its close took up his residence in Clarksville, Arkansas. Moving in 1870 
to old Lewisburg (which is now Morrillton, the old town, the original 
county-seat of Conway county having been discontinued late in the sev^ 
enties in favor of the city of Morrillton, the present county-seat of that 
county), he opened a law office, and was there prosperously engaged in ttie 
practice of his profession until his death, in 1879. He was a Republican 
in politics, but in local and state affairs acted in sympathy and co-opera- 
tion with his fellow-townsmen. Democrats, to such an extent that in 1874 
he was elected chief clerk of the Constitutional Convention that framed 
the present State Constitution. He took a prominent part in that body 
to rehabilitate the state following the unrest, disturbance and evils of the 
Reconstruction period. 

The maiden name of the wife of Charles C. Reid, Sr., was Sarah 
Robinson, who is still living. Born in Kentucky, she ca^e with her 
parents to Arkansas when a young girl, and here married. She was a 
woman of talent, and during the Constitutional Convention referred to 
above was a Journal clerk, being the first woman to hold a jwsition of that 
character in Arkansas, and for about a dozen years thereafter she occupied 
similar clerical positions in the various sessions of the State Legislature. 
She has much literary ability, and has compiled and edited several volumes 
of poems, chief among which is one entitled "Immortelles," the contents 
of which were suggested to her by her father. 

Receiving his preliminary education at Morrillton, Charles C. Reid 



HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 1101 

afterwards attended the University of Arkansas, in Fayetteville, for three 
years, and in 1887 was graduated from the law department of Vander- 
bilt University, in Nashville, Tennessee. Although then very young for 
a lawyer, Mr. Reid began the practice of his profession at once, locating 
at Morrillton, where he met with unusual success. In 1896 he was elected 
prosecuting attorney of his district, and served acceptably for four years, 
when, in 1900, he had the honor of being elected to Congress from the 
Fifth congressional district, and on March 4, 1901, took his seat in that 
august body. He was re-elected in 1902, 1904, 1906 and again in 1908, 
serving until March 4, 1911, a continuous period of ten years, having 
voluntarily retired. 

ilr. Reid proved Mmself one of the most distinguished and useful 
congressmen that the state of Arkansas ever sent to that body. He was 
engaged in various useful activities while there, serving on the Committee 
on Claims, the Committee on Territories, the Committee on Indian Af- 
fairs, and on the Judiciary Committee. Upon the expiration of his term 
of service, Mr. Reid established his home at Little Rock, and as a member 
of the law firm of MehafEy, Reid & Mehaft'y is carrying on a substantial 



Mr. Reid married Geraldine Crozier, a native of Mississippi, and 
they are the parents of four children, namely : Charles C, Jr., Lillian, 
Will and Ed. 

M. Edwin Dunaway. The name of Dunaway is one enjoying honor 
and fair repute in Little Rock, where it is well known from pioneer times, 
and among its finest representatives is M. Edwin Dunaway, the youngest 
member of a large family, by profession a lawyer and occupying the posi- 
tion of lecturer on medical jurisprudence in the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons of Little Rock. Mr. Dunaway is a native son of the state, 
his birth having occurred in Faulkner county, Arkansas, on the 29th of 
January, 1882. His parents were John and Emma (Blackwood) Duna- 
way, both of whom survive and make their residence at Conway, Faulkner 
county. The father was born in this state, and not only he lived his life 
here, but also his father, Isaiah Dunaway, who was one of the pioneer 
settlers, the year of his migration from his native state. South Carolina, 
having been 1820. Both of these gentlemen did a valuable part in the 
development of their particular section and John Dunaway was a soldier 
in the Civil war, risking his life in the cause which by all the arguments 
of locality and tradition he believed to be just. He was mustered into 
service in Lonoke county as a member of Company I, Tenth Arkansas 
Infantry, of the Confederate army. He saw some of the hardest service 
of the war and was present at several decisive battles, while at the battles 
of Chickamaugua and Perryville, Kentucky, he felt the enemy's steel. 
After the war he borrowed money and bought a farm, and by the exercise 
of those virtues leading to prosperity he succeeded, eventually becoming 
a man of substance. He reared a family of eight sons and daughters 
and gave all of them the supreme advantage of an excellent education. 
M. Edwin, as previously mentioned, is the youngest member of the 
family. 

Mr. Dunaway of this review received his preliminary education at 
Conway and later matriculated in Hendrix College, of that city, from 
which he was graduated in 1903. In the following year he entered Yale, 
and in the summer received the degree of Bachelor of Arts from that 
famous institution. In the meantime the attraction exerted by the legal 
profession upon so many young men of native ability had led him to the 
conclusion to adopt the law as his own and accordingly he pursued his 



1102 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

studies iu the law department of the State University at Little Rock, 
being graduated therefrom in 1906, with the degree of LL. B. In that 
same year he was admitted to the bar and began his practice iu Little 
Rock. In the summer of 190? he augmented his legal education by a 
course in the law department of the University of Michigan. In the few 
3ears since the opening of his career, Mr. Dunaway has met with unusual 
success in his practice, in addition to which he holds the office of deputy 
prosecuting attorney for the Circuit Court of Pulaski county ; as mentioned 
in a preceding paragraph, he is lecturer on medical jurisprudence in the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Little Rock, and served in the 
Lower House of the Arkansas General Assembly, session of 1909. While 
attending law school in Little Rock in 1904-06, he was teacher of English 
in the Little Rock high school, and his literary attainments manifested 
were of such character as to have insured him a gratifying and useful 
career in that field had he desired to enter it permanently. 

On thei 26th day of June, 1907, Mr. Dunaway established a happy 
household by marriage, his chosen lady being Miss Bessie Eagle, daughter 
of William H. and Ada H. (Munroe) Eagle, whose biography is entered 
on other pages of this work devoted to the lives and achievements of repre- 
sentative Arkansas citizens. They have a little daughter, Elizabeth Dun- 
away. These admirable young people hold an enviable position socially 
and are interested in the causes contributing to tht' advancement and 
high standing of the community. 

Forrest N. Croxson, assistant to the general agent for Arkansas of 
the Equitable Life Insurance Company, is one of the most successful of 
the young men in the life insurance field in the state. This unusual and 
gratifying success has resulted from his ability, his energ)% his sincere 
conviction of the beneficence and necessity of life insurance from the fact 
that he took it up as a profession to be pursued permanently and not for 
immediate financial results. 

By the circumstance of birth Mr. Croxson is a Hoosier, his birth 
haviug occurred at Koleen. Greene county. Indiana, on the 10th day of 
December, 1876. He is the son of W. H. and Evehai Cro.xson, the father, 
who died in Little Rock in 1908. having been for several years connected 
with the Little Rock Cooperage Company. The mother survives and 
makes her home at Des Moines. Iowa. The subject was a child of about 
four years when his parents removed to little Rock, the year of their 
southern migration having been 1883. He received his education in the 
public schools of Little Rock, and from the time he first entered business 
pursuits in his early youth he has been successful. Early in 1908 he was 
induced by his friend. Mr. W. E. Bilheimer, the general agent for Ar- 
kansas of the Equitable Life Insurance Company, to take up life insurance 
work permanently. Starting in as a solicitor, he earned in 1909 from 
the Equitable company, the medal of the "Circle of Jubilee Hustlers," 
a distinction conferred upon those solicitors who in one month of that 
year wrote and ]iaid for twenty or more cases of life insurance, a dis- 
tinction earned by comparatively few solicitors in the United States. 
This was but the beginning of his triumphs, for in 1910 he was awarded 
a "Star of the First IMagnitude," the .=:ame being conferred personally by 
President Paul Morton of the Equitable. In 1911 Mr. Cro.xson was made 
assistant general agent of .\rkansas, under Mr. Bilheimer. the general 
agent, with headquarters in the general office in Little Rock. In evidence 
of the favor he enjoys in the community is the fact that in July, 1910. 
he was made a member of the Board of Election Commissioners for 
Pulaski counfv. His fi'afemal relations with the Benevolent and Pro- 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1103 

tective Order of Elks have been fruitful of mueli good fellowship and in 
1911 he was elected exalted ruler of the Little Rock Lodge, No. 29. 

On the 19th day of September, 1906, Mr. Croxson established by 
marriage an independent household, his chosen lady being Kathryn Car- 
penter, daughter of F. J. Carpenter, of Arkadelphia. They have one 
daughter, Jane Croxson. Mr. and Mrs. Croxson are popular in the best 
social circles of the city. 

William M. Cravens. Not only has it been given to Colonel Cravens 
to attain to distinction as one of the leading members of the Arkansas 
bar and as one of the representative and influential citizens of Fort Smith, 
but he was also one of the loyal sons of the South who gave valiant service 
to the Confederacy as a soldier in the Civil war, in which he became an 
officer, though his title of colonel is one of courtesy and friendly appre- 
ciation. 

A scion of an honoi'ed pioneer family of Missouri and of one whose 
name has been identified with the annals of American history since the 
Colonial epoch. Colonel Cravens was born at Fredericktown, the judicial 
center of Madison county, Missoi;ri, and is a son of Jeremiah and Kitura 
(Murphy) Cravens, the former of whom was born in Rockingham county, 
Virginia, and the latter in Rutherford county, Tennessee. The father 
devoted the major portion of his active career to farming and politics, 
and both he and his wife continued to reside in Missouri until their death. 

Colonel Cravens was afforded excellent educational advantages in his 
youth, as after a preliminary course iu Spring River Academy, in Law- 
rence county, Missouri, he entered the old Arkansas College, at Fayette- 
ville, Arkansas, in which he completed the prescribed course and was 
graduated as a member of the class of 1857. He had in the meanwhile 
formulated definite plans for his future career, and judgment and nat- 
ural predilection led him to prepare himself for the legal profession. 
With this end in view he entered the law department of Cumberland 
LTniversity, at Lebanon, Tennessee, in which excellent institution he com- 
pleted the prescribed technical course and was graduated as a member of 
the class of 1859, with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. He initiated the 
practice of his profession at Neosho, Newton county, Missouri, and had 
gained definite success ere he felt it the part of loyalty and duty to sub- 
ordinate his personal interests and go forth in defense of the cause of the 
Confederacy. At the beginning of the great struggle between the North 
and South he enlisted as a private in the command of the gallant General 
Sterling Price, and later he was promoted to the office of adjutant in the 
Twenty-first Arkansas Infantry. His service was principally in the Trans- 
Mississippi Department and he participated in a number of important 
battles, besides many skirmishes and other minor engagements. He con- 
tinued in active service until the close of the war and was mustered out 
at Marshall, Texas. 

After the war Colonel Cravens followed the work of his profession 
in Missouri, settling up the tangled business affairs of his family, until 
1868, when he established his residence in Fort Smith, Arkansas, where 
he has maintained his home during the long intervening years, which have 
been marked by large and definite accomplishment in his chosen profes- 
sion, which he has honored by his character and services. He has long 
lieen recognized as one of the ablest members of the bar of the state, has 
been identified with many important litigations, including a number of 
celel)rated causes presented in the Federal courts of the state and in the 
State Supreme Court, and as an advocate of power and resourcefulness 
ho ha- won many notable forensic victories. For twenty years lie was 



1104 HISTORY OP ARKANSAS 

associated in practice with the late Colonel Ben T. DuVal, and later 
he maintained for several years a professional alliance with his son_. Hon. 
Ben Cravens, the present representative of the Fourth district of Ar- 
kansas in Congress. He has been a close and appreciative student of the 
principles of the Democratic party and lias never. deviated in his allegiance 
to its cause. He is affiliated with the United Confederate Veterans' 
Association and also is identified with various other civic organizations of 
representative character. Mr. Cravens and wife are members of the 
Christian church. 

On the 8th of April, 1862, was solemnized the marriage of Colonel 
Cravens to Miss Mary Eloise Rutherford, daughter of the late Colonel 
Samuel Morton Rutherford, to whom a memoir is dedicated on other pages 
of this work. Colonel and Mrs. Cravens became the parents of eight 
children, of whom five sons and one daughter are now living. Concerning 
Hon. Ben Cravens, one of the sons, individual mention is made on other 
pages of this \vork, and in regard to the other living children the following 
brief data are entered: Jerry M. is engaged in coal mining at Hachett 
City, Arkansas ; Richard K. is captain of coast artillery, U. S.' A., now sta- 
tioned at Fort Williams, Portland. Maine; and Daisy, Rutherford Rector 
and DuVal Garland are triplets. The former of these three is at home, 
the second is in the real estate business at Fort Smith and is a lawyer, and 
the latter is engaged in educational work at Murphysboro, Tennessee. 

Hon. Ben Cravens, of Fort Smith, the present representative of the 
Fourth district of Arkansas in the United States Congress, is a lawyer 
of high attainments, a citizen of progressive ideas and sound judgment, 
and a man who is well upholding the prestige of his native state in Con- 
gress, which has had many distinguished representatives from Arkansas. 
He is in the very prime of life, is a recognized leader in the ranks of 
the Democratic party in Arkansas, and is insistently loyal to the state 
which has ever been his home and whose intei'ests he has made his own in 
a significant way, as is shown by the high official preferment that has 
been given him through popular suffrage. Mr. Cravens was formerly 
associated with his honored father in the practice of his profession in 
Fort Smith, and as a brief review of the career of the father, Colonel 
William M. Cravens, appears elsewhere in this publication it is not neces- 
sary to repeat the data in the present article. On other pages of this work 
is also entered an appreciative memoir to Colonel Samuel ^lorton Ruther- 
foi-d, maternal grandfather of him wliose name initiates this review. 

Ben Cravens was born in Fort Smith, Arkansas, on the 17th of Janu- 
ary, 1872, and is a son of Colonel William M. and Mary Eloise (Ruther- 
ford) Cravens. To the public schools of his native city he is indebted for 
his earlier educational discipline, which was supplemented by courses of 
study in the Louisville Military Academy, in tlie metropolis of Kentucky, 
and the fine military academy at Staunton, Virginia. He ■ began the 
study of law under the able precoptorship of his father and finally was 
matriculated in the law department of the University of Missouri, in which 
he was graduated as a member of the class of 1893 and from which he 
received his well earned degree of Bachelor of Laws. He was simultan- 
eously admitted to the Missouri bar and upon his return io Fort Smith, 
soon after his graduation, he likewise gained admission to the bar of liis 
native state. Since that time ho has been associated with his father in 
the practice of his profession, but he did not depend upon paternal pres- 
tige for advancement in his chosen vocation, as his close application and 
individual ability soon gained him recognition as a strong trial lawyer and 
well fortified counselor, with the result that his services found increasing 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1105 

demand in connection with important litigations as well as in the coun- 
sel room. He served two terms as cit^' attorney of Fort Smith, and in 
1900 he was elected district attorney for the Twelfth judicial district of 
the state. In this office the best evidence of his effective service is that 
vouchsafed by his continuing in tenure of the same for three successive 
terms of two years each. 

A stalwart in the Arkansas camp of the Democratic party and a sig- 
nally effective exponent of the principles and policies of the same, Mr. 
Cravens has been a leader in its councils in this state for a number of 
years. In 1906 he was elected a member of the Sixtieth Congress, as a 
representative of the Fourth congressional district, which comprises the 
counties of Crawfprd, Howard, Little River, Logan, Miller, Montgomery, 
Pike, Polk, Scott, Sebastian and Sevier. He has proved a valuable work- 
ing member both on the floor and in the committee room of the Lower 
House of our national legislature, has been unflagging in his efforts to 
forward the interests of his home district and state, and the popular 
estimate placed upon his services has been shown in his re-election to 
Congress in 1908 and again in 1910. During his first term he gave 
especially useful service as a member of the house committee on Indian 
atfairs, and he is at the present time a member of the committee on 
military affairs, as well as other important committees, to the work of 
each of which he gives close and faithful attention. Mr. Cravens is a man 
of genial personality, and there is naught of equivocation or subtlety in 
his nature, so that he well merits the confidence and esteem so uniformly 
accorded him. Mr. Cravens and his wife are members of the Christian 
Church. 

In the city of Fort Smith, on the 19th of December, 1894. ^Ir. 
Cravens was united in marriage to Miss Carolyn Dyal, a daughter of 
Thomas and Nancy Dyal, of Topeka, Kansas. Mr. and Mrs. Cravens 
have two children — William F. and Nancy E. 

Samuel M. Ruthekfokd. One of the lionored pioneers and distin- 
guished men of Arkansas was Colonel Samuel Morton Rutlierford, who 
left a deep and beneficent impress upon the history of this commonwealth, 
and here he lived from his boyhood days until his death, having resided 
in turn in Clark county, in Little Rock and in Fort Smith, wltich latter 
city was the place of his death. It is proper as a matter of historical 
consistency that a review of his career be incorporated in this publica- 
tion, and it is specially gratifying in this connection to be able to make 
use, with but slight paraphrase, of the appreciative and admirably written 
memoir prepared by his granddaughter, Jliss Daisv Rutherford Cravens, of 
Fort Smith. 

Colonel Samuel Morton Rutherford was born at Goochland Court 
House, Goochland county, Virginia, in the year 1797, and was but twelve 
years of age at the time of the family removal to Gallatin, Sumner county, 
Tennessee, in the first decade of the nineteenth century. In that state 
he was reared to adult age, and thence he went forth to do valiant service 
as a soldier in the war of 1812. When seventeen years of age he enlisted 
in Colonel Ralston's famous Tennessee Volunteers, and with this com- 
mand he served imder General Jackson in the battle of New Orleans. At 
the close of the war he came to Arkansas and initiated his career as one 
of the world's noble army of workers. He was a staunch friend of 
William Woodruff, whom he effectively assisted in instituting the pub- 
lication of the Little Rock Gazette, a leading paper of the pioneer days. 
He served as slieriff of Clark county, and later held similar official prefer- 
iient in Pulaski county, in which the capital city. Little Rock, is situated. 



1106 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

tu 1831 he was elected representative of that county in the territorial 
legislature, and in 1833 he was chosen as his own successor. In the same 
year, however, he was appointed treasurer of the territory, by Governor 
John Pope, and in 1835 President Jackson appointed him register of the 
United States land office in Arkansas. In 1836, the year in which Ar- 
kansas was admitted to the Union, he represented the new state as presi- 
dential elector on the Democratic ticket, as did he also in 1840. In 1848 
President James K. Polk appointed Colonel Rutherford special agent for 
the Choctaw Indians and superintendent of Indian affairs for the western 
territory. While incumbent of this office he maintained his residence at 
ScuUj'ville, Indian Territory — a place now known as Oak Lodge. Upon 
the accession of Zachary Taylor to the presidency, as the candidate of 
the Whig party. Colonel Rutherford, who was a staunch Democrat, re- 
signed his office and removed to Fort Smith, Arkansas. He was ten- 
dered commission as quartermaster in the United States army, with the 
rank of major, but this overture he declined. 

In 1852-3 Colonel Rutherford was a member of the general assembly 
of the state. later he served as county and probate judge of Sebastian 
county, while still further mark of popular esteem was given in his elec- 
tion to the office of auditor of state. After establishing his home in Fort 
Smith he was soon recognized as one of its leading spirits and most aggres- 
sive and public-spirited citizens. He was active in support of all measures 
and enterprises tending to advance the material and civic welfare of the 
comnranity, in wliich connection he brought to bear, as in all other rela- 
tions of life, his splendid intellectual, moral and executive powers. In 
1859 Colonel Rutherford was appointed, by President Buchanan, to the 
position of agent to the Seminole Indians and, with Major Elias Rector, 
was appointed also a commissioner to treat with the Seminole Indians in 
Florida. Being more familiar with the character and habits of the In- 
dians, by reason of his long experience with them, he was sent to the 
Everglades of Florida, where he effected treaty arrangements and brought 
the Seminoles to Tampa, that_ state, where Major Rector and Colonel 
PuUiam, the other members of the commission, had their headquarters. 
From that point the commissioners and the Indians came in company to 
Fort Smith, Arkansas, from which point the Indians were taken to their 
assigned reservation in the Indian Territory. The Indians were settled 
in their new home and Colonel Rutherford became their first government 
agent. He lived during his incumbency of this position at Wewoka, Sem- 
inole Nation, and his experiences among the Seminole Indians were re- 
plete with interest, for they looked upon him as guide, counselor and 
friend. The Colonel continued in tenure of this office until the inception 
of the war between the states, and while he himself was too old for active 
military service, two of his, sons became loyal soldiers of the Confederacy- 
Captain Robert B. and Thomas Allen Rutherford, the latter of whom ran 
away from home and enlisted when he was seventeen years of age. As a 
Virginia gentleman of the old regime. Colonel Rutherford naturally was 
in entire sympathy with the cause of the Confederacy, and he did all in 
his power to promote the same. 

At Little Rock. Arkansas, in the year 1832, was solemnized the 
marriage of Colonel Rutherford to Miss Eloise Marie Beall. daughter of 
Asa Beverly and Jane (Edwards) Beall, of Paris, Kentucky, in which 
state she was born and reared. She had come to Little Rock for a visit 
in the home of her cousin, Governor John Pope, and here formed the 
acquaintanceship which culminated in her marriage. Colonel and Mrs. 
Rutherford became the ])arents of six children, and concerning them brief 
reeorrl is here srivon. Robert B., who served as captain in the Confed- 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1107 

trate army, as already noted, married Miss Sallie Butler, daughter of 
William Butler, of South Carolina, and the latter's wife was a niece of 
President Franklin Pierce. William Butler was killed while leading the 
historic Palmetto regiment in a charge during the battle of Cherubusco. 
Mrs. Butler was also a niece of Matthew C. Perry and a sister of General 
M. C. Butler, of South Carolina. Samuel E., second son of the subject 
of this memoir, married Miss Josephine Bugg, of Virginia. Thomas 
Allen, the next son. likewise served as a soldier of the Confederacy, as has 
been stated in a preceding paragraph. Margaret Jane became the wife of 
Major-Henry M. C. Brown. Mary Eloise became the wife of William M. 
Cravens, to whom a memoir is dedicated on other pages of this work. 
Susan Frances married Tilghman Cline of Pennsylvania. Archibald 
Hamilton Rutherford, who became one of the foremost newspaper editors 
and publishers of Arkansas in the early days, who was a man of fine 
intellectual attainments and great ability, and who held many positions 
of public trust in Arkansas, was a brother of him to whom this sketch 
is dedicated, and both were most influential factors in the development 
and upbuilding of this favored commonwealth. 

Colonel Rutherford died in 1867, at his home near Fort Smith, and 
when he was thus called from the scene of life's mortal endeavors, at the 
age of seventy years, a Fort Smith paper published the following appre- 
ciative estimate, which is well worthy of reproduction in this connection: 
"He was one of the few adventurous and enterprising young men who, 
by the force of their energy, intellect and moral courage, made the early 
history of Arkansas replete with incidents and achievements worthy of 
the days of ancient chivalry. He was the associate and contemporary of 
Crittenden, Sevier, Bates, Woodruff, the Popes, the Conways, the Rec- 
tors, and others \\ho have stamped the early history of our state with 
the impress of their genius, intellect and energy as statesmen, jurists and 
legislators. During his long residence in the state the deceased was re- 
peatedly called to fill various and important offices, both state and na- 
tional, in which capacity he contributed in no small degree to the organ- 
ization of the state government and the institutions thereof. His habit 
was not to seek office, but rather to let the office seek him, and when 
acting in an official capacity he distinguished himself alike for his hon- 
esty and purity as for his efficiency — always receiving the well merited 
thanks, 'Well done, thou good and faithful servant.' In the social circles 
of life he was a frieud ever faithful and sincere, a counselor wise and 
trustworthy; as a Christian his life was a beautiful illustration of the 
faith that was in him ; as a citizen, moral, intelligent and social ; as a 
neighbor, kind, benevolent and generous ; as a husband devoted and faith- 
ful; as a parent indulgent and affectionate; and those who knew him 
longest loved him best." 

In an historical sketch concerning Colonel Rutherford and written 
by Colonel Ben T. DuYal, of Fort Smith, the following statements were 
made, after noting the various positions of trust which he had held: 
'■'He was a man of fine intellect, untiring energy, and faithful in hi-S 
friendships. Colonel Rutherford's home near Fort Smith was hospitable 
and open always to friends and neighbors. There the true old Southern 
hospitality was dispensed simply but right royally." 

A strong, noble, generous nature indicated Colonel Rutherford as he 
was. and lie made his life count for good in all its relations. He was 
liumanity's friend and labored with all of zeal and earnestness for the 
aiding and uplifting of his fellow men, the while being ever thoughtful 
of those "in ;inv wavs afflicted in mind, bodv or estate." He honored 



1108 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

and was honored by the state of Arkansas, and it is but fitting that in 
this publication should be entered the foregoing tribute to one whose life 
was dignified by lofty ideals and worthy deeds. 

Jonx W. ^MoNCRiEF. Fpon the roll of the representative members 
of the legal profes.sion in this part of Ai-kansas consistently appears 
the name of John "W. Moncrief, one of the youngest of Dewitt's at- 
torneys, but one whose native gifts presage a notable future. In no pro- 
fession, is there a career more open to talent than in that of the law, 
and in no field of endeavor is there demanded a more careful prepara- 
tion, a more thorough appreciation of the absolute ethics of life, or of 
the underlying principles which form the basis of all human rights and 
privileges. Unflagging application, mature .indgment and a determina- 
tion fully to utilize the means at hand are the concomitants which insure 
personal success and prestige in this great profession, which stands as 
the stern conservator of justice, and it is one into which none should 
enter without a recognition of the obstacles to be overcome and the 
battles to be won. for success does not perch on the falchion of every 
person who enters the competitive fraj', but comes only as the legitimate 
i-esult of application and unmistakable ability. 

Mv. ^loiKii'f was born on a farm near Dewitt. September 2, 1887, 
his ]),iiTiits lii'inii' Robert L. and Mattie (Roach) Moncrief. His earliest 
years wiic imsscd amid the wholesome scenes and occupations of country 
life, and he obtained his preliminary education in the public schools, 
being graduated from the high school at Dewitt. He early decided to 
adopt the law as a profession, and as a preparation to his study of it 
was his attendance at Stuttgart Training School and Henderson College 
at Arkadelphia, Arkansas. He read law in the office of John F. Park, 
of Dewitt. and was admitted to the bar in August. 1906. having been 
engaged in practice since that time, and for one of his years having built 
up a good practice. 

On November 21. 1909. Mr. Moncrief laid the foundation of a con- 
genial life cninp.niidiiship by his marriage to Miss Eula McGahhey, a 
native of Arl<.iiis,is cimnty and the daughter of J. W. and Carrie 
(Adams') ^Icl !.-ilili y, of Arkansas county, Arlcansas. 

T>oviCK P. Miles. A scion of old and honored Southern families 
and a representative member of the bar of Arkansas is Lovick Pierce 
Miles, who is engaged in the practice of his profession in the city of Fort 
Smith and who is incumbent of the office of general attorney for the St. 
Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern Railroad for western Arkansas and 
Oklahoma. 

Mr. Miles was born in Marion county, Virginia, on the ITth of May, 
1871, and is a son of George W, and Rebecca (Austin) Miles, who were 
born and roared in South Carolina and Tennessee, respectively, and who 
are now deceased. The Miles family was founded in Maryland in the 
Colonial era of our national history and the name has been closely iden- 
tified with the annals of that and other Southern states, while that of the 
mother of the subject of this review has been similarly linked with the 
history of Tennessee. 

After due preliminary discipline Mr. Miles was matriculated" in 
Emory and Henry College, at Emory, Virginia, in which he continued 
liis studies for four years, graduating with the degree of B. A. in 1891. 
In preparation for the work of his chosen profession Mr. Miles was ma- 
triculated in the law department of the fine old I'niversity of Virginia, 
at CliarloKrsvillo, in which he was graduated as a member of the class 




^4^ (l\J. 04^ ^ u^{ 



HI8T0KY OF ARKANSAS 1109 

of 1892. - Two years later he assumed a reportorial position on the Memphis 
Commercial-Appeal, the leading newspaper of the city of Memphis, Ten- 
nessee; later he became assistant managing editor and still later he was 
appointed Washington correspondent of that paper, a position which he 
retained for three years and until 1899. He gained valuable and varied 
experience in this connection and formed the acquaintance of many of 
the leading public men of that period. 

In May, 1899, Mr. Miles came to Arkansas and established his resi- 
dence in Fort Smith, where he initiated the practice of his profession, in 
which his ability and close application soon gained him distinctive prestige 
and success. He built up a representative general practice and has ap- 
peared as advocate and counsel in connection with much important litiga- 
tion in both the state and Federal courts in Arkansas. In 1905 Mr. Miles 
was appointed assistant attorney for the St. Louis, Iron ilountain & 
Southern Railroad, and the efficiency of his services in this capacity needed 
no further mark of definite appreciation than that accorded by the cor- 
poration in Januarj', 1908, when he was advanced to his present respon- 
sible position as general attorney for the company in western Arkansas 
and Oklahoma. 

He has conserved the interests of this corporation through his able 
service in connection with litigations in which it has been involved and 
also in the adjusting -of claims without recourse to court proceedings. 
He is known as a lawyer of marked ability and as an advocate has shown 
his mettle in many contests in which he has been arrayed against the most 
brilliant legal talent available. His political support is given unreservedly 
to the Democratic party and while he takes a lively interest in public 
affairs he has never sought political preferment of any description. 

In the city of Memphis, Tennessee, on the 14th of iSTovember, 1906, 
was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Miles to Miss Kate Thompson Craw- 
ford, daughter of Mr. W. J. Crawford, a representative citizen of that 
state. The two children of this union are Anne Crawford and Lovick 
Pierce, Jr. 

Wharton Carnall. This well known real estate owner is a sou of 
a prominent pioneer citizen of Fort Smith. His parents were John and 
Frances (Turner) Carnall and he was born in Sebastian county, near 
Fort Smith, in 1862. His father and mother were born and reared in 
Fauquier county, Virginia, and were descendants of old families of that 
part of the Old Dominion. The father acquired a good education, and 
in the early forties came to Crawford county, western x\rkansas, and 
began his active life there as a school teacher. At that time Crawford 
county included what is now Sebastian county, and Tan Buren was a 
more important town than Fort Smith, the latter having been then only 
a military post. He was one of the distinguished pioneers in that part 
of Arkansas and was elected sheriff of Crawford county at a time when it 
meant more to fill that office than it does in these days of established 
law. He was one of the organizers of Sebastion county and was its first 
county clerk, and as such he made out it^ first set of tax books. In tlie 
early fifties he removed to Sebastian county, where he lived until his death, 
in 1892. He was in the early days chief deputy United States marshal 
for the western district of Arkansas, and his experiences in filling that 
office at that time would supply materials for a most interesting book. 
He represented his district in the state legislature for a time. 

John Carnall is best remembered, however, for his energy and activ- 
ity in promoting the growth and development of Fort Smith, and to his 
personality and his force of character are freely attributed much of the 



1110 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

prosperity and wealth that have come to the city in later years. He was 
a pioneer in spreading abroad a knowledge of the rich resources and para- 
mount advantage to prospective settlers of Fort Smith and its surround- 
ing and tributary country, and in 1878 he established The Fort Smith 
Etevator, a weekly which attained to a large circulation and which, be- 
sides being a good local newspaper, was used by Mr. Carnall as a means 
to acquainting the country at large with the claims of Fort Smith and 
the Fort Smith country upon the investor and the home-seeker. It was 
publii^hed by him and his sons several years and from its first number it 
j)roved beneficial to the city. Mr. Carnall was the first to advocate the 
coni^truction of a north and south line of railway from Kansas City 
through Fort Smith to the Gulf, which later was accomplished with all 
the benefits to this region that he had predicted. He also took up other 
licnefit-ent projects and carried them to completion. He originated the 
plan of endowment for the public schools of Fort Smith, which came 
through the donation to the city by the government of the old military 
reservation of three hiindred and six acres in the center of the municipal 
]ilat. Mr. Carnall for many years, through his paper and otherwise, had 
ailvdciited the bringing about of that donation. Too much cannot be said 
of him a.< a good man or as a benefactor to Fort Smith. Of wide acquaint- 
ance and friendships, he knew personally, in the pioneer days, every man 
who was for any considerable time a resident in Crawford and Sebastian 
counties. He died at his home in Fort Smith, aged seventy-four years, 
after a long and useful life of patriotism, activity and achievement. 

Wharton Carnall was born and reared on his father's farm six miles 
south of Fort Smith. He was for a number of years associated with his 
father and his brother J. H. in the publication of The Fort Smith Ele- 
vator, and in the real estate business, and has since been continuously in 
the real estate business, handling for the most part of late his own prop- 
erty. Following in the footsteps of his father, he has been active, ener- 
getic and efficient in the promotion of the growth and prosperity of the 
city of Fort Smith. Perhaps his most prominent work to that end has 
been in connection with the city's extensive paving and sewerage im- 
provements. He was doubtless the original advocate of those improve- 
ments and. was chairman of the committee which secured the signatures 
of the property holders necessary to make it a success. Work on these im- 
provements was begun in 1906. Under the plan developed by him and his 
associates more than a million dollars are being expended for street 
paving and about a million more for sewers, adding about seventy miles 
of paved streets and more than forty miles of additional sewers to the 
city. This is the most extensive municipal work ever undertaken in 
Fort Smith and has brought that city great prestige and given it rank 
with the modern and substantial cities of the country. 

In other ways Mr. Carnall has exemplified a public spirit which makes 
him an invaluable citizen. There is no movement looking to the benefit 
of any considerable number of his fellow citizens that appeals to him as 
practical and promising that does not have his active and generous sup- 
port. He wields a recognized influence, and his views on all questions are 
so broad and so patriotic as to command the respect of all. 

John C. Mitchell, head of the real-estate firm of J. C. Mitchell & 
Company, of Fayetteville, Washington county, Arkansas, was born at Cane 
Hill, this state, on the 28th of July, 1849. The Mitchell family was 
established in Washington county in 1829 by James Mitchell, father of 
him whose name initiates this article, who was a contribution to this state 
from Bedford, Indiana, where his birth occurred in 1792, many years 



]nST()KY OF ARKANSAS 1111 

prior to the admission of the Hoosier state to the Union. In Indiana 
he learned the tanner's trade and after his immigration to this state he 
was engaged in farming, tanning and the manufacturing of shoes, m 
each of which industries he was eminently successful. His death occurred 
in 1860. The discovery of gold in California so impressed James Jlitchell 
as to the opportunities for digging a fortune out of the ground that he 
yielded to his inclination and crossed the plains in 18-4:9. He spent nearly 
three years with pick, shovel and "pan" without a fulfillment of his dreams 
and without profit sufficient to justify the trip. He returned home in 
1852, via the Isthmus of Panama route, and resumed the thread of indus- 
trial life where he had left off. He married Miss .Mary Weber in Indiana. 
She was born at St. Augustine, Florida, and died at Cane Hill, Arkansas, 
in 1881, at the age of seventy-five years. The children born to this union 
were: George, who passed away at Bonham, Texas; Nancy, who became 
the wife of William Crawford, of Eussellville, Arkansas ; James, who died 
in Little Rock, in 1901, was editor of the Arkansas Democrat and was a 
strong factor in the journalistic field of the state as well as a political 
force in his party; William is a i-esident of Mangum, Oklahoma; Alfred 
was summoned to the life eternal in Montgomery county, Arkansas; Jane 
married John Rutherford and resides at Wyandotte, California; Roderick 
was killed in the battle of Prairie Grove as a Confederate soldier; Miss 
Mary resides at Wyandotte, California; and John C. is the immediate 
subject of this review. 

John C. Mitchell grew to adult age at a time when desperate condi- 
tions existed in this country. Armies were marching to and fro in con- 
flict over a national question, and many elements of barbarism were in 
evidence. Schools had intermittent terms or none at all and the whole 
educational sphere of the country where the Mitchells lived was in a state 
of tumult. However, when the roll of drums had ceased and civil strife 
had ended John C. Mitchell became a student in the old Cane Hill Acad- 
emy and was there made competent to teach a country school. Beginning 
his work in the pedagogic profession, he went from district to district, 
then to village and later to town schools, passing in this manner a good 
many years. He was principal of an academy at Cincinnati. Arkansas, 
from 1879 to 1885, and for the ensuing seven years taught elsewhere in 
the county. In 1892 he was chosen principal of Washington school at 
Fayetteville, serving in that capacity until 1896, in which year he was 
elected treasurer of Washington county for a term of four years. There- 
after he was elected superintendent of the Faj-etteville schools and he 
remained incumbent of that ofiice for five years. 

In 1899 Mr. Mitchell was appointed a member of the board of trustees 
(if the University of Arkansas, by Governor Dan Jones, and he served in 
that capacity for a period of six years. The board, out of its appropria- 
tion, was unable to provide many of the things needed by the institution, 
but a girls' donnitory was an essential adjunct and Mr. Mitchell was 
largely instrumental in furnishing the sinews that built and equipped a 
splendid dormitory upon the college campus for the use of the young 
women of Arkansas. Th« loss of the mechanical engineering building, 
by fire, embarrassed the University greatly, as there were no public funds 
available to replace it. In this instance Mr. Mitchell and Captain Stroup 
came to the rescue by borrowing five thousand dollars on their personal 
notes, and with this money the building was replaced and the work of 
the course restored to its normal state. For some thirty-five years Mr. 
Mitchell devoted his attention to educational work, and during all those 
years he had exerted much energy in behalf of educational matters in the 
state hut had not gained financial independence Iiimself. When he had 



1112 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

educated all his children, however, and made them self-sustaining he 
ventured away from the class room and entered the real-estate business. 
In 1905 he embarked under the firm name of J. C. Mitchell and he soon 
discovered that he had real ability for selling and dealing in Arkansas 
lands. Before long he found that he could make more money in a month 
in the real-estate business than he could in a year with a pointer and 
a piece of chalk. The field was so promising that he formed a com- 
pany and chartered it for thirty thousand dollars, with seventeen thousand 
five hundred dollars paid up. Mr. Mitchell is president of the company; 
Jay FuUbright is secretary; and Frank Peel is treasurer. The com- 
pany not only sells property on commission but it deals in land and effects 
exchanges between parties, thus carrying on a regular brokerage and com- 
mission business. Mr. Mitchell is the leading and active spirit of the 
concern, for his genius in reaching the people has brought to the company 
an enormous correspondence and an influential clientage. They tell a 
customer at a distance what a piece of land is like and he recognizes it on 
sight. They know values and they establish prices. They promote immi- 
gration by displaying their bargains and by the story of satisfied customers. 

Mr. Mitchell has demonstrated at Fayetteville his prowess as a 
builder. He has erected cottages and sold them; built homes and rented 
them; and the results of his efforts are everywhere visible in this town. 
He has platted a number of additions, among them being Mitchell's Ad- 
dition, Fairland and Sunset. He is a small fruit-grower and an apple 
man and works in harmony with the horticultural and agricultural de- 
partments of the University in exploiting the products of orchard and 
field. He is a member of the Commercial League and a stockholder of 
the Citizens' Bank- of Fayetteville. Fraternally he is affiliated with the 
Knights of Pythias and with the time-honored Masonic order, in the 
latter of which he is a member of Washington Lodge, No. 1, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons; Far West Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, and 
Baldwin Commandery, Knights Templars, in which he is a past eminent 
commander. 

On the 20th of September, 1882, Mr. Mitchell was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Mary L. West, a daughter of James and Jane (Crawford) 
West, of Tennessee. Mrs. Mitchell was the elder of two children, her 
only brother being Samuel W. West, general attorney for the Cotton Belt 
Railroad. Mrs. Mitchell was summoned to eternal rest on the 1st of 
January, 1909, and she is survived by the following children: Samuel A., 
who was graduated in the L^niversity of Arkansas as a member of the 
class of 1903, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, later attended the 
University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, in the law department of which 
he was graduated in 190G, and he is now engaged in the practice of law in 
the city of St. Louis, Missouri, where he is counsel for the Mercantile 
Trust Company; John L. is a merchant at Fayetteville; Sybil Audie is 
a student in the New England Conservatory of Music, at Boston ; and Ara 
Evelyn is a graduate in the University of Arkansas as a member of the 
class of 1909, and her father's present companion. 

• 

Artemus Floyd Wolf. The late Artcmus Floyd Wolf, of Fayette- 
ville, was for a few years an active figure in the material growth of the 
city of his new home and was taken from the community, as well as from 
his family and friends, just as his usefulness to all became most apparent. 
He was an example of that limited number who go skyward like a rocket 
in, the realm of finance, and by over-zealousness to duty he actually gave 
his life to the promotion of schemes of legitimate business which required 
a high degree of proficiency as an organizer and of ability. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1113 

A young man at his untimely demise, his achievements in a few brief 
years will show Mr. Wolf to have been of extraordinary mould. He re- 
ceived his education in the Academy of Paris, Arkansas, and in the Uni- 
versity of Fayetteville. but he completed the course in neither of these 
institutions, finding it expedient to begin his combat with the world at 
an early age. Wlien but seventeen he began teaching in the public schools 
of Logan county, Arkansas, and although there was general satisfaction 
over his enlightened methods, he made little more than a living while en- 
gaged in the capacity of a school-master. He eventually became principal 
of the schools at Greenwood, Arkansas, and when he abandoned the work 
there he took the agency of a townsite company and unconsciously trod 
the path which led to fortune. 

In the sphere of promotion such as that in which Mr. Wolf was en- 
gaged there have been few men who possessed the particular native ability 
to make it a financial success. In it several strong elements of character 
are necessary to make an ideal combination and he seemed to possess them. 
After a year as an agent, in which time he made himself acquainted with 
the details and dominant features of it, he began putting those principles 
into practice in an enterprise of his own founding. He organized a com- 
pany, known as the Security Land Company of Fayetteville, and in time, 
was working a crew of fifty men. Something of the scope of his transac- 
tions will be realized when it is known that he opened the townsites of 
Bessie, Lucien and Hallett, Oklahoma, but he died before the business of 
the latter was completed. His work in the field of promotion began in 
1907 and closed with his death. June 17, 1910. 

Mr. Wolf's identification with Fayetteville dated from the year 190-1, 
and the part he played in its development was of the most important char- 
acter. He was interested in the life of the community in the most altru- 
istic fashion and his home upon Mt. Nord was a famous domicile. It w^as 
the Arkansas building, the handsome structure erected by the state upon 
the ground of the World's Fair at St. Louis, Missouri, which was pur- 
chased by Mr. Wolf and erected upon the most sightly point in Fayette- 
ville for his own home. Here his friends, and they were many, were ever 
welcome, the Arkansas Building, as the Wolf residence was generally 
known, being the center of a generous hospitality. 

In his speculations in Fayetteville property Mr. Wolf was one of the 
conspicuous figures. Among his important achievements in this line was 
his erection of the Wolf Block, and he was a member of that progressive 
company which erected that admirable hostelry, the Washington Hotel. 
At one time he was a stockholder of the Arkansas National Bank. Like 
most men of wholesome nature, the free life of the country and the lure 
of pastoral pursuits drew him strongly and he nourished an ambition to 
abandon the townsite business and engage in fruit-growing near Fayette- 
ville, instead. This was to be an early consummation, for he had already 
purchased the Patent estate for the consideration of some fifty thousand 
dollars, on whose broad acres he intended to establish a country home and 
engage in the growing of those various fruits to which the salubrious 
climate of the state is favorable. As a fruit farm Mr. Wolf's property 
would have had few competitors in all the length and breadth of Arkansas. 

Artemus Floyd Wolf was a native of Arkansas, having been born near 
Paris, this state, and he was still a young man, his birth having occurred 
November 25. 1875. As his father was a farmer, his years to his majority 
were spent among the scenes and activities of the country. The father, 
whose name was William David Wolf, was a native of North Carolina, 
and he married Lydia Webb. Removing to Arkansas early in their mar- 
ried life, it was in this state that they reared their family of fourteen chil- 

Vol. Ill— 2 



m-i HISTORY OF AKKANSAS 

dren. He received his elementary ediic;ition in the disti-ict schools, and 
its further steps have been previously mentioned. 

On June 25, 1899, Mr. Wolf married at Washburn. Arkansas, Miss 
Ila B. Ford, a daughter of Albert and Nettie (Bell) Ford, natives of Iowa 
and Arkansas, respectively. The issue of the union 9f the subject and 
his wife are Ruth, aged ten; George, aged eight; and Ford, aged six. 

Mr. Wolf is deeply and sincerely regretted in many quarters and by 
no means the least in Masonic circles. He gave generously of his time 
and attention to Masonry. He took all the degree? in both the York and 
Scottish Rites, and he had been selected to take the thirty-third degree, 
but died before it could be conferred. He held life membership in the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and his liberality toward enter- 
prises requiring public support was jirovevbial. He was an active mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church. Stmth, giving his hand to all the 
good causes promulgated by the Fayetteville congregation, of which he 
was a trustee. Of him it may be said in the words of the poet. 
"To live in hearts we leave behind, 
Is not to die." 

Leigh Reding Putman is the gciu'ral manager of the Northwest 
Arkansas Lumber Company, of Fayetteville, and he is a representative of 
one of the oldest families of Washington county. He is a son of Dr. Red- 
ing Putman, a retired physician at Fayetteville, whose residence in Wash- 
ington county dates from 1836, in which year his father, also Reding 
Putman (once spelled Putnam), homesteaded on a farm some four miles 
south of Fayetteville and passed his remaining years in the county as a 
farmer. Following up the history of the Putmans or Putnams. as they 
are one and the same family, we find them immigrating westward from 
North Carolina, where Daniel Putnam seems to have been the remote 
head. He was the great-grandfather of the subject of this review and his 
son Reding was born on the 20th of April, 1792, and died in 1865, at 
Fayetteville. Reding Putman, Sr., was twice married, his first imion 
having been to Miss Stacy Combs. They became the parents of eight chil- 
dren, concerning whom the following brief data are here offered : Delilah, 
who married John Risley, died in Washington county, Arkansas; George 
died at Canton, Illinois, and was survived by a family; Eliza A. became 
the wife of William Farmer and she passed awav in Washington county, 
this state; James died in Kansas; Prudence married a Mr. Wilcoxen and 
lived and died in the state of Illirjois; Robert died in Iowa; and Bennett 
died in Kansas. After the death of his first wife, Mr. Putman married 
Phoebe (Marsh) Stelle, widow of Alexander Stelle and a daughter of 
John and Nancy (Searing) Marsh. She was born in New Jersey on the 
14th of May, 1787, and her death occurred on the .11th of May, 1884. To 
this union was born one child, Dr. Reding Putman, of Fayetteville. Mr. 
Putman was a soldier in the war of 1812 and prior to that conflict he saw 
service against the Indians of Indiana, taking part in the battle of Tippe- 
canoe, under General Harrison, in 1811. 

Dr. Reding Putman was born in McLean county, Illinois, in 1830. 
His educational training was such as was afforded in the schools of the 
locality and period. He was a child of but six years of age at the time of 
his parents' removal to Arkansas, where he grew up, making the most of 
his opportunities and preparing himself for a medical career. He studied 
medicine alone and gleaned the elementary principles of the science as 
the foundation of his medical knowledge. He practiced upon license 
instead of on diploma from a college and as time ]>assed reached a point 
of higli cfTiciency in the treatment of all coinniim diseases. He was en- 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1115 

gaged in practice in the ante-bellum days and when he finally abandoned 
his profession he engaged in the general merchandise business at Fayette- 
ville, as a partner of George Reed. In those early days all the stock of the 
mercantile establishment had to be freighted in wagons from St. Louis, 
Missouri. With the encroachments of age Dr. Putman withdrew from 
business and he is now living in retirement at Fayetteville. In Washing- 
ton county was celebrated the marriage of Dr. Putman to Miss Elizabeth 
Reed, a daughter of John Reed, a native of Tennessee. Mrs. Putman was 
born in Tennessee in 1835, and she is still living. Dr. and Mrs. Putman 
had four children, namely: Mrs. Anna King, of Fayetteville; Robert, 
who passed away when young; Mrs. Mary Deaver, of Springdale, Arkan- 
sas ; and Leigh Reding, the immediate subject of this review. 

Leigh Reding Putman was born in Fayetteville. Arkansas, on the 
39th of May, 1875. He was educated in the city schools and in the state 
university, leaving the latter institution prior to his graduation in order 
to enter the business world. He entered the employ of the Byrnes Lumber 
Company at Fayetteville and after being identified with their business for 
a number of years he purchased stock in the Northwest Arkansas Lumber 
Company, in which thriving concern he was elected secretary and manager 
in 1899. Mr. Putman is a man of marked business capacity and fine in- 
tellectual qualifications, and his contribution to the business world of 
Fayetteville has been of prominent order. In addition to the lumber in- 
dustry Mr. Putman has other interests in this city of broad scope and 
importance. He is secretary of the Arkansas Cold Storage & lee Com- 
pany, is a director in the Fayetteville Building & Loan Association and 
he was a charter member of the First National Bank. In politics he i? 
a staunch Republican, and while he has never manifested aught of desire 
for the honors or emoluments of public office, he has given most efficient 
service as a member of the city board of aldermen. 

On the 5th of June, 1900, Mr. Putman married Miss Nell Byrnes, a 
daughter of A. M. Byrnes, a lumberman and building contractor at Fay- 
etteville. Mr. Byrnes was born in Dublin, Ireland, whence he came to 
America. He married Miss Mary McCoy, and in their family of six chil- 
dren Mrs. Putman was the third in order of birth. To Mr. and Mrs. Put- 
man have been born three children, — Reding, Mary E. and William 
Byrnes. 

Mr. Putman is past chancellor of Criterion Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias, and is ex-vice regent of the Hoo Hoos. He is president of the 
Arkansas Lumber Dealers' Association, and is a director of the South- 
western Lumber Dealers' Association, embracing the states of Kansas, 
Oklahoma, Missouri and Arkansas. 

Albert L. Trent is a representative business man of Fayetteville, 
with a career as a farmer, public official, banker and real-estate man. Few 
citizens of Washington county can exhibit a better claim to pioneership 
of the county than he, for his father founded the family here when this 
section was but sparsely settled, eight years prior to the admission of 
Arkansas into the sisterhood of states. 

Rev. Josiah Trent, father of him whose name introduces this article, 
was born in Virginia, in 1801. He was doubly orphaned in childhood 
and. as a consequence, lost the opportunity of an education. He left his 
native state alone as a young man and crossed over into the frontier coun- 
try of Arkansas — then a territory — and established his homo- five miles 
west of Fayetteville, in 1828. Ho turned his attention to agricultural 
pursuits, that being the only vocation to which he could apply for a liveli- 
hood, and he was idevitified therewith during much of the remainder of 



lilt) HISTOEY OF ARKANSAS 

his life. He was converted to the Christian religion before coming west 
and as settlers gathered in from every direction and churches were formed 
he was called to serve as a preacher. He was a Methodist in doctrine 
but was a Christian first, and he did good for the Master's cause among 
all classes ^nd all creeds. He was essentially a good man and the homely 
commands of the scriptures were exemplified in his daily life. He pos- 
sessed a remarkable intellect and his mode of living made a strong and 
lasting impression upon the new citizenship of his community. He was 
summoned to eternal rest on the 26th of March, 1876, and the issue of 
the "Little Kock Democrat" of that week reviewed his life and said, among 
other things, in summing up the article, that "Rev. Trent was one of the 
great men of his time here." In Washington count}', in 1830, was sol- 
emnized the marriage of Rev. Trent to Miss Sarah Woolsey, a daughter 
of Samuel and Matilda Woolsej', who came to Arkansas from Illinois. 
Mrs. Trent passed away in 1885 and of the children who grew to maturity 
the following brief record is here incorporated: Matilda became the wife 
of S. H. Peden and died in Washington county, Arkansas, in 1908. 
Wesley Clark was a merchant in Washington county for a number of years 
Intt is now a resident of Muskogee, Oklahoma. Mary J. is the wife of 
John McGee and they maintain their home at Alvord, Texas. Martha 
married Lewis Banks and she was summoned to her reward at Bowie, 
Texas, about 1885. Sultana died in 1872, unmarried. J. W. M. died in 
1894, unmarried, having been county assessor of Washington county for 
eight years prior to his death. Sallie married Caleb C. Conner and she 
died in 1886. Camille passed away single, in 1884, Lou S. became the 
wife of W. H. Smith, who resides in Whittier, California. Albert, the 
youngest in the family, is the immediate subject of this review. 

The grandfather of Rev. Trent was a New Jersey man and he gave 
twelve sons to become soldiers in the Revolutionary army, one of whom 
was Rev. Trent's father. William Trent, of this dozen patriot band, was 
a citizen of tlie vicinity of Trenton, New Jersey, that city having honored 
him by taking his name. Rev. Josiah was the youngest in a family of 
tliirteen children and he wandered away from home as a tender youth. 
E.\]K<ricnce with the multifarious affairs of the world developed in him a 
faculty for organization and his lack of education, alone, barred his way 
to achievements of state and perhaps national reputation. 

Albert L. Trent, of this review, was born at the old Trent home near 
Farmington, on the 3d of March. 1855. He received a fair education in 
his youth and began life as a farmer. After a few years he came to Fay- 
etteville and assumed the reponsibilities of a deputy sheriff, and later he 
became deputy county clerk. In 1886 he left the courthouse and was made 
casliier of the Washington County Bank. He served in a similar capacity 
in tlie National Bank of Fayetteville and in the Arkansas National Bank 
at Fayetteville until 1909, when he resigned from the banking business 
ill order to engage in the real-estate business. In this connection he has 
]ilattod three additions to Fayetteville, — the City Park Addition, in 
wliicli about fifteen acres are reserved for a public park, with a spring and 
lake ; Trenton Heights and Stmset Additions, all of which proper"ty he 
owned. He is extensively interested in fruit-growing and is developing 
and improving a stockfarm near town for his home. During his banking 
career Mr. Trent was absent from • Fayetteville for three years, during 
wliich time he was located at Brownwood, Texas, where he was cashier of 
tlie First National Bank until 1897, in which year he disposed of his inter- 
ests and resumed his connection with banking here. In polities Mr. Trent 
accords a loyal allegiance to the cause of the Democratic party. His in- 
terest in everything pertaining to the welfare anil ]irogress of the state is 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1117 

deep and sincere and iu as far as he lias found it possible he has co-oper- 
ated in public measures for the general good. His religious faith is in 
harmony with the teachings of the Methodist Episcopal church, South, 
and he and his wife are numbered among the most popular citizens in 
Fayetteville. 

Mr. Trent has been twice married. In 1882 was solemnized his mar- 
riage to Miss Mary Allen, a daughter of Andrew and Matilda Allen. She 
became the mother of three children and was summoned to her reward on 
the 25th of November, ^895. Of the children, Mary S. is the wife of Pro- 
fessor J. Melvin Wilson, of Fayetteville; and Bessie M. and Lillian R. 
remain at the paternal home. On the 1st of June, 1897, Mr. Trent mar- 
ried Miss Nettie Conner, a sister of Caleb C. Conner, a liistory of whose 
career appears on other pages of this work. 

ilA.jOR Greenfield Quarles. Among the notable figiu-es who have 
lent dignity and honor to the bench and bar of the state of Arkansas 
a place of especial distinction must be aecoi'ded to Major Greenfield 
Quarles, a lawyer of hioh attainments and a citizen of progressive ideas 
and sound civic judgment. He is a man who has enjoyed a good deal of 
distinction, being county and probate judge and president of that im- 
portant organization, the People's Savings Bank & Trust Company. He 
is likewise one of the well-known veterans, having experienced one of 
the most thrilling and adventurous of Civil war careers. 

Major Quarles is a native Kentuekian, his birth having occuri-ed in 
Christian county, that state, April 1, 1847. He received a good educa- 
tion, attending' the private schools of both Clarksville, Tennessee, and 
Heleiui. Arlv.nisns. ;ind also the Virginia Military Institute, from which 
he was 'ji;h1ii,iI((I July 4, 1870. He was a spirited youth and naturally 
his syiiipiitliiis were with the Southland, the scene of his birth and 
that of his fathers. In cmis ■((iicnc- at the early age of fifteen he so 
maneuvered as to enter tlic Cniil'iMlrrnte service and was placed on 
the staff of his uncle, Briiiadur ( imcial. William A. Quarles. He was 
in the thickest of the contlict and was twice wounded, the second wound 
being received at Franklin, Tennessee, while carrying brigade colors. 
After his recovery he was taken prisoner and was incarcerated at Camp 
Douglas, Chicago, where he was held for three months. His interest 
in the comrades of those trying days has never abated and he is dis- 
tinguished as quite one of the younsest of those brave wearers of the 
gray and blue who participated in the struggle between the states. 

IMajor Quarles is a son of John N. and Penelope (Brunson) Quarles, 
the father a native of Virginia, and the mother of Tennessee. Both par- 
ents are deceased, the father pa.ssing away in March. 1S74. and the 
mother in December, 1907. 

In 1870 Major Quarles came to Helena and read law in the office 
of Tappan & Homer, being admitted to the bar in the year- 1871. His 
active practice continued until 1905 and covered a period of nearly 
thirty-five years, and in this time he achieved high prestige in the pro- 
fession. In 1905 he was elected president of the People's Savings Bank 

and Trust Company and is now ciiiciinu u| his third term as county 

and probate judge. He has ably ivpnsent.'d his district in the legis- 
lature, being elected in 1879 and re-elected in 1881, and, proving very 
efficient in his guardianship of the public interests, his record of forcible 
and appropriate argument to support his claims in the arena of the 
state's assembly is still remembered. A Democrat in politics, he has 
ever been passionately devoted to the interests and principles of his 
party, always ready to do anything, to go anywhere, to proclaim its 



1118 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

ideas and support its candidates. Recommended by his past record in 
1884 he was elected prosecuting attorney for the first judicial district 
and in 1895 was again elected to the legislature, where again he met 
grave questions with perfect valor and incomparable ability, and, his 
services to the state being of such notable character, in 1897 he was 
elected to the state senate, in the upper house, as in the lower, gaining 
laurels. 

Being essentially public-spirited. Major Quarles is a stanch advocate 
of the advancement of the public school cause and it is to his unfading 
credit that he was the first Southern gentleman in eastern Arkansas to 
take an interest in the public education of the state. For thirty years 
he was president of the board of education of the city of Helena, being 
elected in 1872 and serving until 1902, when he resigned, much to the 
general regret. But his impress has been left upon the schools and their 
excellence is a monmnent to his unflagging zeal for the cause of their 
improvement. 

Our subject received the title of major in tlie following wise. On 
April 15, 1898, at the inception of the Spanish-American war, Arkansas 
furni-shed her quota of men and ^tajor Quarles was appointed major 
of the First Arkansas Regiment of Volunteer Infantr.y. Owing to the 
speedy termination of the conflict the regiment never .saw active service 
and was mustered out October 25. 1898, at Fort Logan H. Roots, Little 
Rock, Arkansas. 

Major Quarles laid the foundation of a household of his own on 
December 10, 1873, when he was united in marriage to Miss Ida Gist, a 
native of South Carolina and a daughter of Colonel Thomas Gist, of 
that state, and Mary (Bogan) Gist, also of South Carolina. They have 
one daughter, Lucille, who became the wife of C. L. Polk, of Helena, 
and their two children, Cadwallader and Greenfield, entitle Major 
Quarles to the pleasant role of grandfather. 

Charles B. Paddock, M. D., one of the prominent and well known 
physicians and surgeons of Fayettcville, Arkansas, has been engaged in 
the active practice of his profession for fully a decade. He is a physician 
of experience, ability and thorough equipment, and has gained a well de- 
served reputation throughout Washington county. He is one of the pro- 
gressive members of the profession, and besides attending to his private 
practice is also interested in movements projected to advance the standard 
of the excellence and efficiency of his fellow practitioners throughout the 
state. 

At TJtica, New York, on the 18th of January, 1863, occurred the 
birth of Dr. Charles B. Paddock. His father was the late Dr. Samuel F. 
Paddock, who practiced medicine in Fayetteville from 1858 to the time of 
his death, save for a short period during the Civil war, when he re- 
turned to his old home in the Empire state while the storms of the rebel- 
lion were at their height. However, he returned to Arkansas in 18G3, re- 
suming his citizenship and the care of his property despite the dangers of 
military activity and the threats of the Bushwhackers. Dr. Paddock, Sr., 
was likewise bom in Utica, New York, in the same house in which the 
subject of this review first saw the light of day and where also occurred 
the birth of his father, Samuel F. Paddock, Sr. Dr. Paddock was born in 
1833 and his father was a son of a Scotsman. Samuel F. Paddock, Sr., 
passed his life in the banking business at Oneida, New York. He married 
Camilla Cowles and to them were bom, George, Robert (deceased). Bray- 
ton, Samuel F. and Frederick, the latter two of whom are also deceased. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1119 

The father was summoned to the life eternal in 1884, at the age of eighty- 
seven years, and his wife passed away in 1887. 

Dr. Samuel F. Paddock, father of him whose name introduces this 
article, received a liberal education in his youth and as a young man he 
secured employment in his father's bank at Oneida, New York. Having 
decided upon the medical profession as a vocation, he was matriculated in 
Rush Medical College, at Chicago, Illinois, in which excellent institution 
he was graduated as a member of the class of 1858, duly receiving his de- 
gree of Doctor of Medicine. Immediately after graduation he came to the 
state of Arkansas, where he initiated the active practice of his profession. 
When the dark cloud of civil war cast its pall on the national horizon Dr. 
Paddock was aligned as a stalwart supporter of the cause of the Union, 
and although he was not an active soldier he defended his flag and his 
position when thrown among the secessionists. In connection with his 
work as a doctor he was engaged in the drug business at Fayetteville for 
many years and he was pension examiner of Washington county for fully 
twenty-five years. In politics he was a staunch Republican and he was 
always on the qui vive to do all in his power to advance the good of the 
community. He was married, in St. Louis, Missouri, to Miss Mary Eliz- 
abeth Brewster, a lineal descendant of William Brewster, who came to 
this country in the good ship Mayflower. Mrs. Paddock was a daughter 
of William K. Brewster, a miller at Great Falls, New Hampshire, at 
which place Mary Elizabeth was born on the 2oth of December, 1831. 
William K. Brewster married Miss Nancy Tibbetts and Mrs. Paddock was 
the first in order of birth of their nine children. Dr. and Mrs. Paddock 
became the parents of three children, and the immediate subject of this 
review and Gracie, who died at eighteen years of age, attained to years 
of maturity. Dr. Paddock was summoned to eternal rest in 1885, and 
his wife passed away April 7, 1911. 

Dr. Charles B. Paddock was reared and educated at Fayetteville, 
where he was a student in the University of Arkansas until he had reached 
his Junior year, at which time he entered his father's drug store. Subse- 
quently he went to the city of Chicago, where he was graduated in the 
Chicago College of Pharmacy in 1884. Thereafter he was identified with 
the drug business in the western metropolis for the ensuing three years, 
at the expiration of which he went to Louisville, Kentucky, where he was 
matriculated in the Louisville Medical College, in which he was graduated 
in 1898, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He began the active prac- 
tice of his profession during his Junior year in college and in 1898 he re- 
turned to Fayetteville, where he has built up a large and representative 
patronage and where his well merited success has been on a parity with 
his strenuous efforts. In connection with his life work he is a member of 
the Washington County Medical Society, the Arkansas State Medical So- 
ciety and the American Medical Association. 

On the 22nd of February, 1897, was recorded the marriage of Mr. 
Paddock to Miss Minerva Wilkes, a daughter of Amos K. Wilkes, an old 
pioneer of Arkansas. Mrs. Wilkes, whose name was Eliza Hinds, was 
descended from the founders of the village of Hindsville, Arkansas, which 
place was named in their honor. The Wilkes family came to Arkansas 
from Missouri. Dr. and Mrs. Paddock have two children, — Grace and 
Charles Samuel. 

Dr. Paddock is a staunch supporter of the Republican party in all 
questions of national import but in local affairs he maintains an inde- 
pendent attitude, giving his support to men and measures meeting with 
the approval of his Judgment. Fraternally he is a Knight of Honor, a 
valued member of the Woodmen of the World, the Modern Woodmen of 



1120 HISTORY OF AHKAXSAS 

America, the Ancient Order of United Workmen, tlie Fraternal Aid, the 
Bankers'" Life of Des Moines, the Mutual Protective League, the Loyal 
Order of Moose and Knights and Ladies Security, in each of which he is 
medical examiner. He is also affiliated with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Royal Neighbors and he and his wife hold membership 
in the Daughters of Rebekah. In a religious way Dr. and Mrs. Paddock 
attend and give their support to the First Christian church, of which they 
are members. 

Andrew S. Gregg, M. D., of Fayetteville, is a native son of the state 
of Arkansas and is one of the most scholarly representatives of his pro- 
fession in the southwest. He possesses all the requisite qualities of the suc- 
cessful physician, for added to his innate talent and acquired ability along 
the line of one of the most learned professions, he has a genial manner 
and sunshiny, hopeful nature, which cannot fail to have its effect upon 
his patients. His courteous sympathy as well as his professional skill has 
gained him distinctive precedence during the thirty years he has spent as 
a practitioner in Fayetteville. 

Dr. Gregg was born in the vicinity of Fayetteville. Washington 
county, Arkansas, on the 6th of July, 185?, and is a son of Lafayette 
Gregg, who was a prominent lawyer in Arkansas in the ante-bellum days 
and who, during the period of reconstruction, was a member of the su- 
preme court of the state. Judge Gregg was a native son of Lawrence 
county, Alabama, where his birth occurred in 1837. When a child he ac- 
companied his father, Henry Gregg, to Arkansas. The latter was bom 
in 1800 and devoted his entire active business career to agricultural pur- 
suits. He became the father of four children, Maston, Lafayette, Albert 
and Mrs. DeLaney Cardwell. Judge Gregg received but limited educa- 
tional advantages in his youth, but through persistency of purpose and a 
stalwart determination to acquire a training for the legal profession he 
plodded on and was eventually admitted to the bar of Arkansas. At the 
time of the inception of the Civil war he was a strong Union man. He 
was colonel of the Fourth Arkansas Cavalry and served under General 
Steele in the Western Department during the war. He was a dashing, 
gallant soldier, participating in many of the most important conflicts 
marking the progress of that sanguinary struggle. When the war was 
ended and peace had again been established he became an active politician, 
taking up the cause of Republicanism. Prior to his appointment as a 
member of the supreme court of the state he was prosecuting attorney of 
Washington county. and in both offices his work was characterized by sin- 
cere devotion to duty and public-spirited loyalty. He was a good, earnest 
talker, expressing his thoughts with the utmost fluency and ease, and as a 
lawyer, was a clear, forceful and skilled practitioner. He was nominated 
for governor of Arkansas by the Republicans and made the race to pre- 
serve party organization and to demonstrate the courage of his convic- 
tions. He married Miss Mary A. Shreve. a daughter of Wilson Shreve, 
who was a native of Todd county, Kentucky. Judge Gregg died in 1891, 
and his cherished and devoted wife passed away in 1900. They were the 
parents of the following children: Dr. Andrew S., the immediate subject 
of this review ; Lafayette W., assistant L^nited States attorney at Fort 
Smith, Arkansas; Alice, who died as a child; Henry L., who is now in the 
employ of the Winchester Arms Company at New Haven. Connecticut ; 
and Ida, who maintains her home at Fayetteville. 

Dr. Andrew S. Gregg was educated in the public schools of Fayette- 
ville, in which place he also attended the University of Arkansas, there 
receiving an excellent literary training. His father's farm lay against 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1121 

the towiisite and while out of school his youthful exercise was giveu to 
choring and other labor on the farm. He was graduated in the State 
University as a member of the class of 1878, with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts. For a time thereafter he was engaged in teaching school and 
gradually he became interested in the medical profession. He accordingly 
studied under the direction of Dr. Wood for a time and in the fall of 1818 
he entered the St. Louis Medical College, in which he was graduated in 
1881, with his well earned degree of Doctor of Medicine. Immediately 
after his graduation he returned to Fayetteville, where he opened offices 
and entered upon the active practice of his profession. During the score 
and a half of years which mark his career in this city he has built up a 
large and representative practice and gained prestige as one of the most 
skillful and most learned physicians and surgeons in Washington county. 
In connection with his life work he is a member of Washington County 
Medical Society, the Arkansas State Medical Society and the American 
Medical Association. 

On the 1st of October, 1885, was celebrated the marriage of Dr. Gregg 
to Miss Nora B. Cardwell, a daughter of James Cardwell, a pioneer settler 
in this state. Mrs. Gregg was born in Washington county in 1865 and 
she and the Doctor are the parents of two children, concerning whom the 
following brief data are here incorporated: xVlfred Welch was graduated 
in the University of Arkansas, in the class of 1910, and he is now incum- 
bent of the position of electrical engineer with the Westinghouse Concern 
at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania ; and Mildred is a student in the University 
of Arkansas, being a member of the class of 1912. Mrs. Gregg is a 
woman of most pleasing personality and is highly esteemed by all who 
have come within the sphere of her influence. 

In his political convictions Dr. Gregg is a staunch advocate of the 
principles and policies of the Republican party and it has ever been his 
aim to exert his influence in support of all projects advanced for the gen- 
eral good of the community. He is a member of the timc-honoreil ^lasonie 
order and of the Knights of Pythias. 

Bruce Holcomb is the present able and popular incumbent of the 
office of cashier of the First National Bank of Fayetteville, and he was 
born in this city on the 1st of October, 1873. He is a son of Jo Holcomb, 
a pioneer of the county of Washington, Arkansas, where he was a merchant 
in partnership with the late Stephen K. Stone at the time of the inception 
of the Civil war. Jo Holcomb came west from Indiana in company with 
his father, Rev. John Holcomb, a Baptist preacher, who located at Spring- 
dale, Arkansas, where he owned much land and where he figured as a 
man of prominence and influence. Rev. Holcomb was a farmer in addi- 
tion to his ministerial duties, and he died at Springdale at an advanced 
age. He was born and reared in the state of North Carolina. 

Jo Holcomb was born in 1825 and he was summoned to the life eter- 
nal in 1904. His settlement in Washington county dates from 1840, and 
upon thel outbreak of the Civil war he became a defender of the South. 
He enlisted for service in the Confederate army and was in the quarter- 
master's department as an agent supplying provisions and ammunition 
for the use of the army in the field. In politics he was staunchly allied 
with the cause of the Democratic party, and he was one of the early cir- 
cuit clerks of Washington county. He married Miss Belle Smith, a 
daughter of James Smith, a pioneer settler in Hempstead county, Arkan- 
sas. She passed away in 1898, the mother of Cener, who is now the wife; 
of Dr. E. F. Ellis, of Fayetteville ; Bruce, the immediate subject of this 
review; Joe Belle, an instructor in the Universitv of Arkansas; and 



1122 IIISTOKY OF ARKANSAS 

George, who is in the employ of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company 
at Oakland, California. Jo Holcomb was twice married, his first wife 
having been Ceuer Boone. This union was prolific of but one child, Her- 
bert, who is now deceased. 

About Springdale and in the city of Fayetteville Bruce Holcomb, of 
this sketch, passed his boyhood and youth. After completing the curricu- 
lum of the public schools of Fayetteville he was matriculated in the Uni- 
versity of Arkansas, which excellent institution he continued to attend 
until his junior year, at which time he turned his attention to business 
life. When twenty-three years of age he was elected to the otiiee of county 
clerk, in which capacity he gave most efficient service for two terms of two 
years each. After retiring from public office he began his banking career 
as an employe in the old AVashington County Bank, which was later 
merged into the Arkansas jSTational Bank. He was assistant cashier in 
that institution for a time but left it, in 1904, to aid in the establishment 
of the First National Bank, of which he was made cashier. The First 
National Bank of Fayetteville was chartered in the month of August, 
1904, with a capital stock of fifty thousand dollars, later increased to one 
hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars, and was officered as follows: 
S. P. Pitman, president; F. P. Earle, vice-president; and Bruce Holcomb, 
cashier. Its official corps is now comprised of Dr. E. F. Ellis, president; 
Mr. Holcomb, cashier; and F. P. Earle, Art Lewis and J. J. Baggett, vice- 
presidents. The board of directors consists of, in addition to the officers, 
D. P. McMillan, S. H. Slaughter, W. T. Nesbit, S. F. Downs. The state- 
ment of the bank issued upon the call of the comptroller, January 7, 1911, 
showed a surplus of $20,000.00, net profits of $7,589.88, circulation $110,- 
000.00, United States bond account $31,500.00, deposits of $513,681.95, 
and capital stock of $125,000.00. It is one of the best and most reliable 
monetary institutions in the county and the sterling integrity of its offi- 
cers constitute one of its best assets. 

At Fayetteville, on the 26th of June, 1901, was celebrated the mar- 
riage of Mr. Holcomb to j\Iiss Mary Lou Crawford, whose death occurred 
in March, 1909. She is survived by two children, Crawford and Mary. 
Mrs. Holcomb's parents were William P. and Nancy (Mitchell) Crawford, 
of Cane Hill, Arkansas. 

Bruce Holcomb is known as ihe man who conducts the First National 
Bank. The success of the institution reflects credit upon the manage- 
ment of its affairs, the details of which have fallen to the cashier. Mr. 
Holcomb is straightforward and sincere in all his relations in life and he 
holds a secure vantage ground in the confidence and esteem of the citi- 
zens of Fayetteville. Politically he is a Democrat but aside from his early 
incumbency as county clerk he has never sought political preferment of 
any kind. He is a zealous member of the Presbyterian church but does 
not affiliate with any fraternal organization. 

William E. Hill. The present able incumbent of the office of 
county and probate clerk of Benton county, William E. Hill, was born 
in Polk county, Missouri, on the 9th of November, 1870. His father was 
William M. Hill, who was a son of Dr. John W. Hill, who was a native of 
Washington county, Tennessee, whence he removed with his family to 
Polk county, Missouri, about the year 1848. Dr. Hill married Miss Maria 
Winton, and they became the parents of four children, William M.. Har- 
vey, who died unmarried, as did also ]\Iinerva; and Lou, who became the 
wife of W. H. Haines, passed away in Bentonville, Arkansas, in 1890. 
Dr. Hill achieved distinctive precedence as a physician and surgeon in 
Polk county, Missouri, and there he passed the closing years of his life. 



iUSTORY OF ARKANSAS 1123 

William M. Hill ooiitiniied to icr-ide in ^lissouri until 1871, wlieu he re- 
moved with his famil}^ to Benton county, Arkansas. He served as a faith- 
ful and gallant soldier in the Confederate army in the war between the 
states and he was mustered into service in a Missouri regiment near Stock- 
ton. After the war he was engaged chiefly in clerical work and prior to 
his advent in Arkansas he married Miss Harriet E. Bullock, a daughter 
of Judge Charles P. Bullock, of Pineville, Missouri. The Bullocks were 
originally from Kentucky, where the family is one of old pioneer stock. 
Mrs. Hill died in 1877, in Polk county, Missouri, and Mr. Hill passed 
away at Pea Ridge, Arkansas, in 1900, at the age of sixty-nine years. 
William and Harriet Hill had four children, concerning whom the follow- 
ing brief data are here recorded: William E., the immediate subject of 
this review; Ida became the wife of R. D. Morrison, of Pea Ridge; Arra 
Harvey resides in Kansas Cit}-, Missouri; and Cora is deceased. 

William E. Hill received his preliminary educational training in the 
public schools of Benton county and he later supplemented this discipline 
by a course of study in the Pea Ridge Academy. He was but seven years 
of age at the time of his father's removal from Missouri to Arkansas and 
he has continued to reside in Benton county during the long intervening 
years to the present time. That he put his scholastic attainments to good 
use is evident when it is stated that he followed the pedagogic profession 
for ten terms in Benton county, doing his last work, in 1900, in Central 
district. No. 136. On the 1st of January, 1901, he assumed the duties 
of deputy in the office of county clerk, rmder his successor, Marion Doug- 
las. In 1908 he became nominee for the office of county clerk himself, 
was successful at the polls in the fall elections, served his term of two 
years, and was elected as his own successor in 1910. In politics Mr. Hill 
is aligned as a stalwart supporter of the principles and policies for wluch 
the Democratic party stands sponsor, and he has ever given freely of his 
aid and influence in support of all worthy projects advanced for the gen- 
eral welfare of the community. In a fraternal way he is affiliated with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of Pythias, and 
both he and his wife hold membership in the Missionary Baptist church, 
in the various departments of whose work they have been active factors. 

On the 20th of August, 1902, Mr. Hill was married to Miss Bernice 
Ketehem, a daughter of Levi L. Ketchem, who had long been engaged in 
agricultural pursuits in Boone county, Missouri, where Mrs. Hill was born. 
Mr. and Mrs. Hill have two children, William Lee, who was born on the 
10th of April, 1901, and Earl S., born on the 12th of September, 1906. 
Mr. and Mrs. Hill are popular and prominent figures in connection with 
the best social activities of their home cily of Bentonville, Arkansas. 

Marion Douglas. Representing the native born citizens of Benton 
county, Marion Douglas is known as a man of sterling qualities and of 
good business capacities ; and his early education and his habits of thought 
and observation have tended to provide him with a good fund of general 
information which has proved valuable to him in his public career. He is 
now serving his second term as tax collector of Benton county and his 
eleventh, year in the Court House. A son of the late Thomas H. Douglas, 
he was born October 31, 1872, near old Springtown, and was there bred 
and educated. 

Thomas H. Douglas, born in middle Tennessee in 1841, lived there 
for twenty years, when, in 1857, he came to Arkansas to establish a home. 
The country was then in a political turmoil and rumors of war floated 
through the air. Early in 1861 he responded to the call for troops to 
defend the position of the South, enlisting in a regiment of the Ai-kansas 



1124 IIISTOKY OF ARKANSAS 

Confederates and was connected with the Trans-Mississippi Department un- 
til after the battle of Wilson Creek. His command was then transferred 
to the Eastern Department, and as a portion of the troops operating in 
Mississippi fought in the engagements at Corinth, luka, Port Gibson and 
others of historic mention. Taking part in all of these battles he continued 
with his regiment until the close of the war, being neither captured nor 
wounded. One of his brothers. Captain ^Marion Douglas, however, lost his 
life at the battle of Port Gibson. 

The dove of peace again hovering over a reunited country, Thomas 
H. Douglas located near old Springtown and was there engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits until his death in February, 1908. He was interested in 
]iulilii- affairs, and was a stanch supporter of the principles of the Demo- 
iTMtic- |i;u-ty. although ho had no desire for public office. He married, near 
(lid Springtown, Sarah E. Morrison, who was born in Benton county, Ar- 
kansas, where her father was a pioneer settler in 1840. She is now living 
near Springtown and has five children living, as follows: J. Milton, of 
Benton county; Ellen, wife of N. H. Mitchell, of Gentry, Arkansas; Mor- 
rison, residing near his birtliplai c ; ?*i;iishall, of Bentonville, a member of 
the Benton County Hard\\;nv ('.iiM|i,iiiy, and buyer for the firm; and 
Marion, the third child in Mir,,>-inii ,,( birth, the special subject of this 
sketch. 

A boy of scholarly tastes and ambitions, Marion Douglas acquired a 
sufficient education in the schools of Springtown and vicinity to enable him 
to adopt a professional career, and he abandoned the farm, as it were, and 
became a school teacher. After a time, yielding to a preference for po- 
litical and public service, Mr. Douglas accepted a deputyship under the 
county clerk, Harry Hust, and served in that position four years. Suc- 
ceeding then to the office of clerk, he served as such from 1904 until 1908, 
when he became a candidate for the position of tax collector of Benton 
county, winning the nomination against an old soldier, and was elected 
to the office. At the expiration of his term, in 1910, Mr. Douglas was re- 
elected, and is serving with characteristic ability and faithfulness in this 
responsible position. True to the faith in which he was reared, he repre- 
sents Democracy in his political affiliations, and the tenure of his office 
holdings bears evidence of the value of his service. 

On November 30, 1902, in Benton county, Arkansas, Mr. Douglas was 
united in marriage with ^[rs. Emily (Cooper) Pace. She was born in 
Washington county, Arkansas, in 1878, a daughter of Emily F. Cooper, 
who migrated from Tennessee to that locality. She married for her first 
husband Arlan Pace, and by him had one child, Cecil Pace. Of the union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Douglas four children have been born, namely: Fred, 
Hal, Marion Doke and Dan ]\Iorrison. Prominent in the Masonic fraterni- 
ty, Mr. Douglas is a member of Bentonville Lodge, A. F. & A. M. ; of Ben- 
tonville Chapter, R. A. M. ; of Bethany Commandery, No. 16, K. T. ; of 
Al Amin Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. He is also a member and past chancellor of the Knights of 
Pythias and has represented both of these orders in the Grand Lodge. 

Thomas M. Wyatt, D. D. S., has been a resident of Bentonville for 
the past twentj'-one years, and during this period he has gained distinctive 
precedence as a loyal and public-spirited citizen and one who has con- 
tributed in generous measure to every worthy project advanced for the 
general welfare of the community. He is the oldest dentist in the state of 
Arkansas who holds membership in the state association of dentists, and 
can safely be declared to be the last of his era to give way to the pressure 
of years and leave the field to the generation of the present day. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1125 

Dr. Wyatt was born in Stuart covint}', Tennessee, on the 9th of Janu- 
ary, 1839, and he was reared to the sturdy discipline of the home farm and 
early familiarized himself v.'ith the log-cabin school and other primitive 
conditions of the country youth of ante-bellum days. His father, John C. 
Wyatt, was born iu ]!^orth Carolina and his parents were from Spartans- 
burg district. South Carolina. They were planters and some of the name 
owned slaves and were numbered among the aristocracy of the South. Wil- 
liam Wyatt was the grandfather of Dr. Thomas il. and he was a soldier 
of the Revolution. His remote American ancestor was an Englishman 
who came to Spartansburg di,-tiM('t. South Carolina, and reared a family 
of seven sous, whose represrni.itiw- lia\c scattered across the continent and 
constitute the forefathers of \\\r I'lv-nu-day generation of the Wyatts in the 
United States. John C. 'Wynii mu' ikiI, in Tennessee, Miss Frances Yar- 
brough, who died in July. 1>^:::k \wtli I »r. Wyatt as her only child. For his 
second wife Mr. Wyatt weddiil Jtrlia Siagner, and they reared a family in 
Stuart county. 

Dr. Wyatt had scarcely more than begun the serious affairs of life 
when the war Ijetween the states broke out. He immediately enlisted at 
Camp Quarles, near Clarksville, Tennessee, in 1861, Joining Company F, 
Fourteenth Infantry, under Colonel Forbes, General Anderson's brigade. 
The regiment was ordered to Virginia, where it became a part of General 
Jackson's command, and its first battle was fought in the Shenandoah 
Valley. In December, 1862, he was paroled on account of illness and was 
confined in a hospital for a time. Thereafter he was placed on detached 
duty as wardmaster in hospitals at different points for a time. When able 
he re-entered the ami}-, joining the Second Tennessee Cavalry, and he 
saw much varied alid exciting service from tlien until the close of the war. 
His regiment was at Knowille during the siege, and subsequently at that 
place he was captured by tlie enemy and after being held in duress for 
three weeks he was taken aboard a train for Chattanooga, bound for Camp 
Chase, Ohio. En route, he planned to escape from the heavily guarded 
stock car, in which thirtj'-nine soldiers were confined, a single comrade, 
Mr. Fambrough, being in the secret of his intent. In the darkness of a 
black night both leaped from the moving train and landed upon a fill, 
scarcely scratched but followed by oaths and bullets from the guards on 
duty. They crossed Sand Mountain and reported at Gadsden, Alabama, 
procured transportation to Rome, Georgia, and then joined their command 
in Virginia. At Bristol. Tennessee, Dr. Wyatt was again taken prisoner, 
and he made his escape near Barboursville, Kentucky, and three days later 
he was retaken by the Federal Hoine Guard and taken to Williamsburg, 
Whitley county, Tennessee. There he actually "lied out" of their clutches, 
a practice regarded as a long suit for captured soldiers. He again crossed 
Sand Mountain to Gadsden and was sent to Blue Mountain, Selma, Mont- 
gomery, and then on to Virginia to his command. When the war ended 
Dr. Wyatt was with the army at Wytheville, Virginia, where his company 
dislianded and he w^as mustered out at Charleston, West Virginia. 

The Doctor's first emploj-ment after the war was as a farm hand to 
earn money with which to pay liis transportation home from the field. 
Later he chopped wood as a means of securing funds to prepare the way 
for his entry into the dental profession. He studied in the offices of Dr. 
R. H. Wilson and Dr. Canine at Louisville. Kentucky, and so rapid was 
his progress under their able preceptorship that he was able to enter upon 
the practice of big profession at Wavcrly, Tennessee, in 1866. He remained 
there until November, 1869, when he came to Arkansas and located in 
Russellville. There he practiced for a period of fifteen years, at the ex- 
]iiration of wbirh he removed to Dardanelle, remaining there five years, 



n2ti HISTORY OF ARKA^'SAS 

and then came to Bentonville, Benton county, where he has since resided. 
He is therefore a pioneer in the dental profession in the state of Arkansas 
and he has gained wide renown for his dexterity in his chosen field of en- 
deavor. In connection with his profession he holds membership in the 
National Dentists' Association and in the Southern branch of the National 
Association. He was instrumental in the organization of the Arkansas 
Dental Association and was a member of a committee chosen by that asso- 
ciation to appear before the legislature of the state to secure legislation in 
the interest and for the protection of the dental profession. 

In politics Dr. Wyatt is aligned as a stalwart supporter of the prin- 
ciples and policies for which the Democratic party stands sponsor, and 
though he has eschewed politics as a practice he has responded to calls 
from his townsmen to serve them in capacity of member of the Bentonville 
Board of Aldermen. In a business way he has contributed to the institu- 
tion of a canning factory in Bentonville, and in this concern he is giving 
most efficient service as secretary. In the time-honored Masonic fraternity 
Dr. Wyatt is affiliated with Bethany Commandery, No. IG, Knights Tem- 
plars, and with the Blue Lodge, Chapter and Council, in the latter two of 
which he is incumbent of the position of treasurer. Both he and Mrs. 
Wyatt are devout members of the Methodist Episcopal Chiirch, South. 

At Dardanelle, Arkansas, on the 5th of April, 1872, was solemnized 
the marriage of Dr. Wyatt to Miss Elizabeth Parker, who was born in 
Yell county, Arkansas, in 18-19. She is a daughter of John C. Parker, 
who was born and reared in middle Tennessee. John C. Parker was a 
minister and presiding elder of the western district of Arkansas in the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in the ante-bellum days. Rev. Parker 
subsequently removed to Texas and he was summoned to the life eternal at 
Waxahachie, that state. He was united in marriage to a Miss Simpson and 
they became the parents of five children, of which number Mrs. Wyatt and 
her sister. Miss Corrana Parker, alone survive. Dr. and Mrs. Wyatt have 
no children. 

Leonard R. Eli.is. ^f. D. Populai verdict is a safe gauge of the 
ability and worth of an individual citizen, and by this metewand Dr. 
Ellis is to be consistently proclaimed one of the representative physi- 
cians and surgeons of the state of Arkansas. He is engaged in the 
snceessful practice of his profession in the city of Hot Springs, has 
been a loyal and influential factor in connection with public affairs, 
and he has the distinction of being surgeon major of the Arkansas 
National Guard, in whose affairs he maintained a specially lively in- 
terest. 

Dr. Ellis was born in Tuealoosa county, Alabama, on the 2nd of 
June, 1874, and is a son of Dr. Evander C. and Mary Lavinia (Taylor) 
Ellis, both of whom are now deceased. Dr. Evander C. Ellis likewise 
was a native of the state of Alabama, as was also his wife, and he was 
a scion of one of the old and honored families of that commonwealth. 
He was one of the loyal sons of the fair southland who went forth in 
defense of the cause of the Confederacy in the Civil war, in which he 
served as a member of the Eleventh Alabama Infantry. He partici- 
pated in a number of the sanguinary battles marking the progress of the 
great conflict, and was severely wounded in the second battle of Cold 
Harbor. He never lost his vital interest in his brave associates in the 
prolonged poh'mic struggle between the north and sontli, as was indi- 
cated in the later years by his membership in tlie United Confederate 
Vetei-ans' Association. He was a man of fine intellectual and profes- 
sional powers, haviiiu nduiirably jirepared himself fur the work of bis 




r^ 



/I 



O / L ^^ 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1127 

chosen vooation, and he continued in the practice of medicine until 
1876, when he removed with his family to Arkansas. He first located 
in Lonoke county, where he remained until June, 1884, when he estab- 
lished his home in the city of Hot Spring's, where he continued in the 
successful practice of his profession until the time of his death, which 
occurred in 1908, his cherished and devoted wife liavins; been summoned 
to the life eternal in 1902. Four sons and thi-ee daughters survive the 
parents. Other than Dr. Leonard R., of this review, the sons are Dr. 
Arthur C, who is engaged in the practice of medicine at Hot Springs ; 
Robert W., who is record clerk of chief of police and who resides at 
Hot Springs, and Ernest C, who is at school. The daughters are 
Mary L., who resi'des in Hot Springs ; Stella, .who is tl'.e wife of W. B. 
Warren, of Cincinnati, Ohio, and Blanche, who is the widow of J. J. 
Henderson, of Paris, Texas. Dr. Evander C. Ellis long held precedence 
a.e one of the representative physicians and surgeons of the state and 
he ever commanded the unqualified esteem of all who knew him. He 
was an uncompromising Democrat in his political proclivities and both 
he and his wife held membership in the Baptist church. 

Dr. Leonard R. Ellis was an infant at the time of the family re- 
moval from Alabama to Arkansas, and his rudimentary education was 
secured in the schools of Lonoke county. He was ten years old at the 
time of the family removal to the city of Hot Springs and here he was 
reared to maturity, in the meanwhile duly availing him.self of the ad- 
vantages of the public schools, including the high school. As a youth 
his alert mind and adventurous spirit led him to indulge his fancies for 
varied expei-iences, and he traveled about through the southwest and 
the northwest, finding employment and invigoration as a cowboy in the 
Panhandle of Te.xas, as well as in Montana and Mexico. His reminis- 
cences eoneei'ning this period in his life are most graphic and interest- 
ing, and through the experience thus gained was aided the development 
of the sturdy and independent character which denotes the man as he 
is and which ha.s enabled him to place values on men and affairs. It 
was but natural that he should be one of those roused to action when 
the war between the United States and Spain was precipitated, and he 
enlLsted as a member of the First Arkansas Volunteer Infantrj-, with 
which he served as hospital steward. The regiment was not called into 
field service, but was stationed at the reserve camp in Chickamauga, 
.subject to call. The doctor had been identified with the Arkansas 
National Guard for some time prior to the war. and he was mustered 
out with his resiment, after which he received his honorable discharge, 
in October, 1898. 

The experience which he had gained while serving as military hos- 
pital steward quickened in Dr. Ellis a desire to enter the profession 
which had been so signally honored and dignified by the life and labors 
of his father, and in preparation for the work of his chosen profession 
he entered the medical department of Vanderbilt University, at Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, in which excellent institution he completed the pre- 
scribed technical course and was graduated as a member of the class 
of 1899, with which he received his well earned degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. Soon after his graduation Dr. Ellis assumed the position of 
surgeon for an extensive mining corporation in the state of Coahuila, 
Mexico, where he remained for one year, at the expiration of which, 
in the spring of 1900, he returned to his home in Hot Springs, where 
he has since continued in active general practice and where his success 
has been on a parity with his recognized ability. He is known as a 
specially slcilfnl surgeon, and has performed many fine operations, both 



nJ8 HLSTORr OF ARKANSAS 

major and minor. He is a member of the surgical staff of both the 
St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern and the Chicago & Rock Island 
railroads, is medical examiner for a number of the leading life 
insurance companies represented in Arkansas, and he is actively identi- 
fied with the Garland County Medical Society, the Arkansas State 
^ledical Society and the American Medical Association. 

Dr. Ellis has been specially influential and enthusiastic in connec- 
tion with the Arkansas National Guard, and has aided materially in 
bringing the state militia up to its present admirable standard, besides 
v.liich he holds the rank of major and surgeon in the medical depart- 
ment of the same, as he has been incumbent of the office of surgeon 
n\ajor since 1907. He has made a special study of modern sanitary 
science and preventive medical agencies, and in this connection he has 
gained distinctive recognition among the members of his profession in 
this section of the Union. He is at the present time president of the 
board of health of Hot Spring-s, and prior to assiiming this office he 
served four years as city physician. He is essentially liberal and pro- 
gressive in his civic attitude and is a valued member of the city council, 
in which he represents the First ward. He has been called to other 
]iositions of public trust, and the very nature of the man implies that 
his work is never perfunctory in any relation he may consent to assume. 
Earnestness and vitality chai-acterizc liiiii liotli intelleetually and physi- 
cally, and his genial personality wins t(i liim warm and inviolable 
friend.ships. 

He has attained to the chJvalrie degrees in the time-honored Ma- 
sonic fraternity, in which he is affiliated with Hot Springs Lodge No. 
62. Free and Accp]-itpd Masons; Hot Springs Chapter No. 47, Royal 
Arch Masons, .ind Ilni Spiin -s Commandery No. 5, Knights Templar, 
all of Hot SpiiiiLis. Iiisidis which he is identified with the adjunct 
organization, Sahaia Ttini)k'. Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, as well as \vith Hot Springs Lodge Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. In politics he is found aligned as a stalwart 
supporter of the principles and policies of the Democratic party, and 
he takes a lively interest in the questions and issues of the hour. 

In the city of Great Falls, Montana, on the 15th of June, 1904, 
was solemnized the marriage of Dr. Ellis to Miss Edna A. Coburn, who 
Avas born and reared in that state and who is a daughter of Robert A. 
Coburn, one of the best known and most honored pioneers of Montana, 
where he took vip his residence in 1859, at a time when that section was 
on the extreme fi-ontier of civilization. Mr. Coburn is one of the most 
extensive stock growers of the northwest, and in this connection he is 
president of the Coburn Cattle Company. Dr. and Mrs. Ellis have a 
winsome little daughter, Mary Lavinia. Mrs. Coburn is a popular 
factor in the best social activities of her home city and is a woman of 
most engaging personality. 

H.VKVEY L.iMAi; Cross is the editor and proprietor of tlie Bentonville 
iSuii and has resided in Arkansas for nearly a score of years. He has made 
Ins influence bear fruit as a citizen of the state and as the editor of a 
strong daily and weekly paper. For many years he did an admirable work 
along fraternal lines in the ranks of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men as the grand recorder of Arkansas and as editor of the official paper 
of the order, only resigning these responsibilities when the office of re- 
corder was ordered removed to Little Rock. 

Mr. Cross was born in Caldwell county, near Camei-on, Missouri, on 
tlie fitli of March, 1852, and he was reared to the invigorating discipline 



HISTORY OF AKKANSAS 1129 

of the home farm. He finished his rudimentary education by a course 
in the Smith Academy of Cameron, in which he graduated as a member 
of the class of 1870. He familiarized liimself with hard work while a 
youth on the parental homestead and he inherited a sturdy constitution, a 
rare quality of modern day hustling, and a large capacity for accomplish- 
ing things. These qualities are of much value to any progressive com- 
munity and Bentouville has nothing to regret through the accession of 
Mr. Cross as a citizen. He is a son of William H. Cross and Fannie 
.(Johnston) Cross, both of whom were born near Batavia, Ohio. In 1832 
the father removed to Caldwell county, Missouri. His ancestors were of 
Scotch origin and he married into the Johnston family of Irish descent, 
thus combining the versatility and alertness of the latter nation with the 
unswerving loyalty to duty and unwavering fidelity of the former nation. 
The Johnstons were originally from Ohio, whither the founder of the fam- 
ily in the United States had immigrated from Ireland at an early day. 
Mr. Cross was engaged in agricultural pursuits during the major portion 
of his active business career, passing the closing years of his life in Cam- 
eron, Missouri, where he was summoned to the life eternal in 1895, at a 
venerable old age. Mrs. Cross survived her honored husband for a number 
of years and passed away in 1902, at the age of eighty-three years. They 
were the parents of twelve children, three of whom died in infancy, and 
concerning the nine the following brief data is here incorporated : Charles 
W. resides at Melvern, Kansas; David E. was a resident of St. Joseph, 
Missouri, at the time of his demise; John A. is an attorney at Lathrop, 
Missouri; James H. maintains his home at Cameron, Missouri; Harvey L. 
is the immediate subject of this review; Fannie became the wife of La- 
Fayette Mapes and died at her home near Mirabile, Missoxiri; Mary E. 
wedded Alonzo Carr and resides at Polo, Missouri; Allie is the wife of 
Benjamin F. Beckett, of Mirabile, Missouri ; and Josie is the wife of R. G. 
Howard, of Cameron, Missouri. 

Harvey L. Cross initiated his independent business career as a teacher 
in the public schools of Caldwell county, Missouri. In 1870 he engaged 
in farming in Caldwell county and continued to be identified with that 
line of enterprise for a period of four years, at the expiration of which 
time ho fiuuidril a nt'wspaper at Winston, Missouri. This paper he called 
the Wiiislnii InJi'priiJi'iil and upon disposing of it, in 188T. he published 
the Daili/ aiul Wi'ckhi Sun in Cameron, Missouri. In 1891, four years 
later, he sold out his interests in Missouri and removed to Bentonville, 
Arkansas. In this city he founded the Sun, a weekly paper to which he 
has given some of the best years of his life and which he has made popular 
as a genuine home paper and as an agency for the moral elevation of the 
county. In 1893 he began the publication of a fraternal journal, the 
A. 0. U. W. Ouide, the official organ of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men in Arkansas. He became a valued and appreciative member of this 
order in 1891, as a charter member of Bentonville Lodge, of which he was 
master workman for a number of years. He has ever manifested a deep 
interest in the purposes of the order and was chosen grand recorder of the 
Grand Lodge of the state in 1896, at a convention held in Shreveport, 
Louisiana. He continued the popular and efficient incumbent of this posi- 
tion for a period of fourteen years, retiring only when the office was re- 
moved to the capital city of the state. His frequent re-elections occurred 
without opposition, but his work as grand recorder was not the greatest 
service he accomplished for the order. His ever readiness to respond to 
invntations to present Workniansliip along Upchurch lines and his ability 
to expound fraternal principles, as exemplified by the practices of the 
order, render him a popular and valuable member. He was supreme repre- 

Vol. Ill— 3 



1130 HLSTOIJY OF AIJKAXSAS 

sentative of liis state to the Supreme Lodge sessions for ten years at its 
various national conventions. His lectures have extended to Masonry and 
to the subject of life insurance in general, and after severing his official 
connection with the Workman he became state agent of the St. Louis Na- 
tional Life Insurance Companj', being one of the directors of this corpora- 
tion. He is a man of fine mental caliber and broad human sympathy. He 
has lived a life of usefulness such as few men know. Unwaveringly he 
has done the right as he has interpreted it and his contribution to the moral, 
civic and material development of P>entoii county have been of the most 
insistent type. 

On the 25th of September, 1870, Mr. Cross was united in marringe 
to Miss Ellis Ann Kinaman, a daughter of Isiah and Isabelle (Lloyd) 
Einaman, the former a native of Coshocton county, Ohio, and the latter 
of Baltimore, Maryland. To Mr. and Mrs. Rinaman were born the fol- 
lowing children: Napoleon, Eichard, Mary T. and Mrs. Cross. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cross became the parents of children as follows: Don L., a news- 
paper man at Springfield, Missouri, married Miss Mary Peel; Zillah Z. 
is the wife of Frank W. Peel, of Fayetteville ; Victor 1. is a hardware 
merchant at Grove, Oklahoma, and he married Susie Bohart. The above 
children were all born on the same day of the month, the 29th being the 
lucky birthday of the family. Mr. Cross is a deacon in the Christian 
church at Bentonville. He is affiliated with the time-honored Masonic 
fraternity, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of 
Pythias, in each of which he has taken an active part. 

William A. Dicksok. A talented and accomplished member of the 
Benton county bar, William A. Dickson, junior member of the firm of 
Eice & Dickson, is prosperously engaged in the practice of law at Benton- 
ville, where he is attorney for various financial organizations and has 
charge of many cases in the chancery courts. A son of the late Joseph S. 
Dickson, he was born in Benton county, Arkansas, on a farm adjoining 
Bentonville, March 31, 1870. His paternal grandfather, Joseph Dickson, 
came from Bedford county, Tennessee, to Benton county, Arkansas, in 
1832, and was here engaged in tilling the soil until his death, in 1845, at 
the age of fort\'-five years. His children were as follows: Robert, who 
died while in the Confederate service; John E., who died, in 1906, in Ben- 
tonville, leaving a family ; Joseph S. ; E. H., of Bentonville ; William G., 
who was killed while serving in the Confederate army ; Mrs. Maxwell, who 
died in early womanhood; and Mrs. Nancy I. Harstou, of Bentonville. 

Born in Bentonville, Arkansas, in 1839, Joseph S. Dickson was reared 
in pioneer days, with but little opportunity for gaining an education. From 
his boyhood daj^s he was familiar with agricultural labors, becoming a 
farmer from choice. During the Civil war he enlisted in Company F, 
Thirty-fourth Arkansas Infantry, and served under Colonel Brooks in the 
Trans-Mississippi Department until surrendering with his command at 
Fort Smith, Arkansas. He afterwards continued his operations as a tiller 
of the soil until his death, December 20, 1909. Although not an active 
politician he was a strong supporter of the principles of the Democratic 
party, never hesitating to express his convictions, and took an intelligent 
interest in local affairs. He was a man of deep religious sentiment and 
practice, and a worthy member of the Cumberland I'resbyterian church. 
He married Sarah C. Pickens, a daughter of William Pickens, whe settled 
in Benton county, Arkansas, in 1854, coming here from Bedford county, 
Tennessee. She passed to the life beyond in 1884, leaving four children, 
namely : William A., the subject of this brief review ; Charles, of Benton- 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1131 

ville; Mrs. L. 0. Greene, of Pea Ridge, Arkansas; and Alva E. Dickson, 
who died in 1905. 

Obtaining his nidiiu.utarv (.ducatiou in tlie public schools of Bentou- 
ville, William A. Dick-'ui Mili-r,|\ientl3^ entered the law department of the 
Cumberland UniverMi\. at Luliaiion, Tennessee, and was there graduated 
in June, 1892. During the same year he was admitted to the Benton 
count}' bar before Judge E. S. McDaniel, passing his examinations with 
a good record for ability and knowledge. Immediately opening an office 
in Bentonville, he has remained here since, and as a member of the legal 
firm of Rice & Dickson has built up an extensive and lucrative practice. 
Soon after his establishment as a lawyer, Mr. Dickson was appointed 
deputy prosecutor under Judge Tillman, now president of the University 
of Arkansas, at Fayetteville, and served two years in that capacity. In 
addition to his regular practice he is now attorney for the Benton County 
National Bank, the Farmers' State Bank of Rogers, and the Bank of 
Centerton. 

Mr. Dickson married, June 11, 1903, in Benton county, Irene Gibson, 
a daughter of Robert Gibson, a well known merchant of Siloam Springs. 
Mr. Gibson married Lyda Johnson, and they became the parents of three 
children, Mrs. Dickson, Mrs. Price McArthur and Lydia Gibson. Mr. 
and Mrs. Dickson have one child. Price A. Dickson, born May 12, 1903. 

Having never swerved from the political faith of his ancestors, Mr. 
Dickson is a straightforward Democrat, and gives freely of his service 
and influence to his party and its candidates in campaign times. He is a 
member and past master of Bentonville Lodge, No. 56, A. F. & A. M., 
which he has represented in Grand Lodge ; and a member of Bethany Com- 
mandery, K. T. He is likewise a member of Bentonville Lodge, No. 37, 
K. of P., and has served as a delegate to the Grand Lodge of the Knights 
of Pythias. Professionally Mr. Dickson is a member and secretary of the 
Benton County Bar Association, and religiously he is a member of the 
Cumberland Presbyterian church, of which he is deacon. 

Hon. Fleming F. Freeman. Standing prominent among the wide- 
awake, brainy business men of Benton county is Hon. Fleming F. Free- 
man, of Rogers, who represented the Thirty-fourth senatorial district of 
Arkansas during the years of 1909 and 1910 in the State Legislature, and 
is influential in advancing the commercial affairs of his state. He has 
resided within the limits of Arkansas since a youth of fifteen summers, and 
what he is and what he has- accomplished as a citizen reflect credit upon 
his early training and upon the personal attribtites of his manhood. A son 
of Captain F. F. Freeman, he was born July 1, ISns. in TuirIo, Lee county, 
Mississippi, of honored Southern ancestry. His fnivlimi- ..n both sides of 
the house were pioneers of old Virginia, among thrin Ixiim ilio Fontaines, 
prominent French Huguenot settlers of the Old Dominion state; the 
Ayletts; the Lees; and the Croswells; this unmixed Virginia stock fur- 
nishes the strain of distinguished blood flowing through Senator Free- 
man's veins and urging him upward toward a high standard of attain- 
ments. 

Captain F. F. Freeman was born and bred in ^lobile, .Mabamn. Turn- 
ing his attention to the study of law when youn,u'. Iir \v,i< admittcil to the 
bar and was for many years engaged in the praiiin- .i| In- |iin|,->iou in 
Mississippi, his death occurring in that state, at Ilnlly S)irin,i^>. i'^s-essing 
the mental caliber that enabled him to particijiate effectively in public 
affairs, the reconstruction period following the Civil war gave him ample 
opportunity to apply his remedy for the reformation of political condi- 



1132 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

tions and the elimination of "carpet-bag" rule in his state. He married, 
in Mississippi, Pattie A. Croswell, a daughter of K. H. and Martha S. 
(Aylett) Croswell, and to them four children were born, namely: Mrs. 
S. W. Johnson, of BmwiiwoiMl. 'I'cxas, with whom her widowed mother re- 
sides; Fleming F., tlir -[h( ml -uliject of this brief personal record; Mrs. 
J. M. Ganaway, who^r IhisKmih! i- city clerk of McAlester, Oklahoma; and 
Mrs. Laura Ivlyce, of Los An-vlr-. Califdrnia. 

As regards his early tminini; Smator Freeman was especially fortunate 
in his home environments, lia\uig hcni lirought up in a household where 
intellectual attainments reigned. His mother, a cultured and accomplished 
woman, was a strong factor in directing his education. Until thirteen 
years of age he attended the district schools regularly, after which he as- 
sumed the rsponsibility for his future career. Coming to Arkansas in 
1883, he was for several years a clerk in a Pine BhafE store, subsequently 
becoming himself actively identified with the commercial interests of that 
place. Going from there to Fort Smith, Mr. Freeman organized the Fort 
Smith Wholesale Grocery Company, which he conducted successfully for 
five years. Selling out, he transferred his investments to Rogers, his pres- 
ent home. Here he purchased a small lime industry, enlarged the output 
of the factory, and, with characteristic foresight and enterprise, has since 
extended its trade and developed a finely paying business, which is sure to 
be one of the permanent enterprises of this part of Benton county, as lime- 
stone abounds here in plenty and purity. 

Becoming a permanent resident of Rogers, Mr. Freeman instinctively 
became interested in its material development and improvement. He agi- 
tated the building of a sewer system, and was appointed one of the com- 
missioners to oversee its installation. He advocated the building of cement 
walks, and through his influence a sentiment was created that resulted in 
Rogers being the best equipped of any small town in the state as regards 
sidewalks. He is now advocating the subject of street paving, and with it 
the movement to build permanent public highways across the country in 
order to bring Benton county well up with the procession in the matter of 
modern conveniences and necessities. 

In politics a steadfast Democrat, Senator Freeman's interest in public 
affairs has ever been a lively one, with no thought of public office for his 
personal advantage. When offered, by Governor Donaghy, the appoint- 
ment of senator to fill an unexpired term, he accepted it and gave to the 
state the best service of which he was capable. In 1909 he was elected to 
succeed himself in the Senate, but in 1910 was not a candidate for the 
office. While in the Senate Mr. Freeman was a member of the committee 
on Railroads, Appropriations, Public Printing. Federal Eelations and Pub- 
lic Health. His active interest in legislation extended to the completing 
of the state capitol building; the establishment of the four agricultural 
colleges of the state; and in a law establishing the State Tax Commission, 
ha'vinsr for its object the reformation of the revenue system of the state. 
Locallv Mr. Freeman is an active member of the Rogers Commercial Club, 
which he served as president two years. 

Mr. Freeman married, in Mexico, TMissouri. April 12, 1898, Irene 
Felker, a daughter of Colonel W. R. Felker, of Roarers. Mrs. Freeman is 
a woman of refinement and culture, her education having been chiefly ob- 
tained at Stevens College, in Columbia, Missouri. Mr. and Mrs. Freeman 
are the parents of three children, namely: Willyda, Freeman F., Jr., and 
Kate. Fraternallv Mr. Freeman is a member of the Knights of Pvthias, 
of the Modern Woodmen of America, of Ihe Woodmen of the World, and 
of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 



HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS' 1133 

Morgan McMichael. A young man of exceptional business ability, 
well equipped mentally to meet eveiy emergency, with an industry and 
enterprise that give full scope to his natural talents and an integrity of 
character that invariably inspires confidence m his associates, Morgan Mc- 
Michael, manager of the Rogers branch of the Benton County Hardware 
Company, has won for himself an honored position in the business world. 
When, in 1908, by the purchase of the hardware stock of the Walkers, the 
company entered Rogers as a businet-s center, Mr. McMichael was selected 
to become the head of the new enterprise, which is the only one of the 
firm's trio of stores in Benton county to engage in both the wholesale and 
retail trade. 

During his residence of ten years in Arkansas, Mr. McMichael has 
become thoroughly imbued with the new spirit permeating the vitals of 
business in his adopted state. Entering the service of his employers in 
an humble capacity in 1901, he was connected with the Bentonville house 
until his promotion to his present responsible position with the Rogers 
house. From boyhood he had grown up under the influence of some of 
the leading spirits of the new company, and they knew him and had per- 
fect faith in his capabilities. Their business success depending upon the 
employment of earnest and purposeful men, they added him to the force 
because he tilled the requirements. JL35 1 1 Cfi 

A son of John M. McMichael, he wasboru armiemi Yista, Colorado, 
Xovember 1, 1884, but spent a large part of his early life in Missouri. 
Born in Xenia, Ohio, in 1842, John M. McMichael received liberal edu- 
cational advantages for his times, and as a young man entered the jour- 
nalistic field. He spent a few years in Colorado, being there connected 
with an entirely different enterprise. Not content, however, with the 
financial returns, he went back to his native state, where he was subse- 
quently associated with various newspapers. He founded the Plattsburg 
Lever, and for a long time was on the staff of the Saint Joseph Daily Neivs. 
Subsequently returning to Plattsburg, Missouri, he established the Platts- 
burg Leader, which he built up to be one of the influential journals of his 
locality. A man of intense feeling and vigorous expression, he became a 
prominent member of the Democratic party, and at one time made an un- 
successful effort for the congressional seat of Hon. A. M. Dockery. His 
county, however, sent him to the Missouri Legislature, and there he mingled 
with the men that conceive and accomplish legislation for a common- 
wealth. He continued in active business until his death, in 1904. He mar- 
ried Julia Lincoln, a daughter of Julia Ann Gateward Lincoln, of Liberty, 
Missouri, and of their union six children were born, of whom two survive, 
namely : Morgan, with whom his widowed mother resides ; and Julia, also 
of Rogers, Arkansas. 

Acquiring his early education in Plattsburg, Missouri, Morgan Mc- 
Michael attended the public schools and the Plattsburg College, his natural 
preference leadiiiu him into the fields of merchandise. 

Mr. MiMi. h.icl is unmarried. Without political ambitions he is con- 
tent to ciijoy the esteem of a wide circle of acquaintances and of his asso- 
ciates in the commercial world. He is a member of the Christian church, 
and liberal in his benefactions, nothing escaping his generous hand, which 
has for its object the exploiting of Arkansas, her institutions and her 
people. 

Andrew Jackson Russell. For many years closely identified with 
the advancement of the agricultural prosperity of Benton county, Andrew 
J. Russell has more recently been associated with public affairs, at the 
present time being sheriff' of the county. As may be seen from the official 



11.34 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

position which he holds, Mr. Russell is held by his fello\v-citiz6ns as an 
able and valued worker in their interests, while his fidelity to his duties 
and his integrity and good sense have won for him the respect and esteem 
of the community. He was boiii May 14, 1860, in Bentonville, a son of 
James B. Russell. His grand t^ilhi'. Samuel Russell, migrated from Ten- 
nessee, his native state, to ili.-sumi, Ideating in Benton county, where he 
continued a resident the remainder of his years. 

James B. Russell was brought up on a farm in Missouri, and as a 
young man chose farming as the better means for gaining a livelihood. 
Coming to Arkansas in 1859, he settled on a farm seventeen miles west of 
Bentonville, and was there employed in cultivating the soil until his death, 
in 1874, when but fifty years of age. He married, in Missouri, Polly J. 
Horton, who was born in Alabama, but was reared and educated in Mis- 
souri, where her parents located when she was a child. She passed away 
in Bentonville, Arkansas, in 1910, aged seventy-nine years. She bore her 
husband six children, as follows: Andrew Jackson, the special subject of 
this short personal notice; Josephine, deceased, was the wife of George H. 
Austin, of Benton county ; William, of Hydro, Oklahoma ; Mary, wife of 
W. L. Jeffries, of California ; Elisha, living in New Mexico ; and Elizabeth, 
wife of J. P. Kirk, of New Mexico. 

Gleaning his early education in the district schools, Andrew J. Rus- 
sell selected farming as his life occupation, being governed in his choice 
his early training and environments. He is proprietor of a well-kept 
farm near Bentonville, and was there cngngod in rnltivatinp- and improv- 
ing his land until 1905, when he was a|i|i>MMt((l. Iiv Slidiir rickrns, deputv 
sheriff. He succeeded himself in the .-aim iio-ithui uiiilri- Sheriff Hick- 
man, and in November, 1908, was elected sheriff uf Beiiion county. Ren- 
dering exceptionally fine service in this responsible position, Mr.* Russell 
was re-elected to the office of sheriff' in November, 1910, a record showing 
his popularity as a man and a citizen. Politically he is a stanch adherent 
of the Democratic party. 

Mr. Russell married, in Benton county. Arkansas, in August, 1885, 
Margaret M. Brooks, a daughter of l-ham P.indk-. wli,, , aim- from Georgia 

to Arkansas. Fourteen childi'en ha\e lili— nl ihc uni t Mr. and Mrs. 

Russell, namely: James W., marricil and niLia.i^rd in I'aiining near Ben- 
tonville; Samuel, married Nora Henedge, of Allen county, Kansas, and 
lives on a farm in Benton county; Mollie; Grover C, living in Benton 
county; Stella; Elbert and Everett, twins; Perry; Bessie; Vina; Andrew 
Jackson, Jr.; Nora; Bessie and Buclah. ^Ir. Russell is not affiliated with 
any organization excepting the Bai)tist cliurch, of which he is a member. 

Charles F. Rennee. Prominently identified with the business ac- 
tivities of Washington county as one of the leading insurance men of 
Springdale, Charles F. Renner is widely known as a man of ability and 
worth, and is held in high regard by his fellow citizens. A son of the late 
R. E. Renner, he was born in Cocke county, Tonne.ssee, December 2. 1870. 
Ills grandfather, William Renner, was born in Greene county, Tennessee, 
where his parents located on leaving their native state, which was either 
Maryland or Pennsylvania. He was of German descent, and like his an- 
cestors acquired his living as a tiller of the soil, being also for awhile en- 
gaged in milling pursuits. He married, and roared the following named 
children: Reuben E.. the father of Charles F. ; Frank, of Coweta, Okla- 
homa; Mrs. Nellie Niece and Mrs. Isaac Stewart, of Cocke county. Ten- 
nessee; Laura, of S))ringdale, Arkansas; Mrs. Y. Dryman, of Cocke county; 
and Mrs. Susan Parrott, of Springdale, Arkansas. 

Born in Cocke county, Tennessee, in 1845, Reuben E. Rennei- was a 



HISTORY OF AEKAXSAS 1135 

young man of patriotic impulse and enthusiasm, and ere lie had reached his 
majority had served four years as a soldier, wearing the uniform of blue. 
At the very beginning of the Civil war he enlisted in the Eighth Tennessee 
Infantry, and iindci- the ((uniiiiiiid of General Sherman took an active part 
in the one IuiikIk d il;i\- ni' >tii imous service from Chickamauga to the cap- 
ture of AtlaiUu, iiii'iiin:: ilic iiu/iiiy in hotly contested fights nearly every 
day. After the fall of Atlanta, he" went North with General Schofield's 
army and assisted in annihilating General Hood and his forces on the bat- 
tlefields of Franklin and Nashville. Passing through the ordeal of war 
without bodily injury save such as the "wear and tear" of hard work and 
exposure would necessarily entail, he was mustered out at Wilmington, 
North Carolina, at the end of the conflict. He began life for himself as a 
tiller of the soil, but subsequently esialili-lird himself in business at Spring- 
dale, Arkansas, where his death occiii nd m A|iril, 1907. He was active in 
local affairs, and for ten years or nimv was well known as proprietor of the 
"Arcade Hotel,"' the traveling men"s home in this city. An ardent Repub- 
lican in politics, he was made his party's candidate for sherifE while he was 
yet a resident of Tennessee, and by election and re-election served as sherifE 
of Cocke county for several years. Coming with his family to Springdale, 
Arkansas, in 1886, he continued his activity in the political arena, and 
served in every capacity as a delegate to party conventions, his advice and 
practical aid adding much to the success of the organization in Wasliingtou 
county. 

While a resident of Cocke county, Tennessee, Reuben E. Renner mar- 
ried Josephine Young, a daughter of Joseph Young. She survives her hus- 
band and still resides in Springdale. The children born of their union are 
as follows: Mrs. Ellen Pheniee, of Leavenworth county, Kansas; Charles 
F., of this review ; Retta E., wife of Dr. Dodson, president of the First 
National Bank of Springdale; Kate, wife of Henry Patterson, of Spring- 
field, Missouri; Sallie, who married Dr. Kellogg, of Springdale, passed to 
the higher life in 1910; and Mack C, proprietor of the Arcade Hotel, in 
Springdale, Arkansas. 

Obtaining his elementary education in the public schools of Cocke 
county, Tennessee, Charles F. Renner afterward continued his studies for a 
few months in Leavenworth county, Kansas, where the family lived for a 
short time, and after coming to Washington county, Arkansas, was gradu- 
ated from the Springdale High School. Entering then the office of the 
"Springdale News," he worked his way upward from the compositor's room, 
mastering the printer's trade, taking, is it might be termed, a post-graduate 
course of learning. Leaving the "News," he was for ten years engaged in 
the real estate business in Springdale, being quite successful in that line of 
endeavor. In linVj lie ciiiliarknl in the iiisuraiicf liu>inr>s. and although the 
field was alri'ail; -rriinnulv \\r\\ ,k-,u]ii.'(I. Mi. \lrimrv ha< siu reeded in mak- 
ing his firm i>nr nf \\\r -ti"n,<;vst and nio-t iHi|iiilai' of anv nf the kind in this 
section of the (^unii. The popularity nf a liriii .■n^^aiinl m tlic insurance 

business is gaii;^c(l la'i-r|v by the list of the Irailin:: r |ianh-- uh,,-r policies 

it writes, and when uc say that his list inrlmlr- >ui li pimiunrnt ( nmiianies 
as the Aetna, Hartford, the Fidelity, Phoenix, the Insurance Company of 
North America, the Home, the London, the liverjiool and Globe, the New 
York Underwriters, and the Fire Association, the strength and general pop- 
ularity is confirmed. 

In the upbuilding and material gnuvlli df the city in which he resides, 
Mr. Renner has taken an active part, in company with Dr. Dodson, he 
erected the fine structure in which the Springdale postoffice is lunised. and, 
alone, he has improved considerable property in the residential disirict. lie 
is a steadfast Republican in politics, has been an active participant in local 



11:^6 HISTORY OP ARKANSAS 

affairs, serving as a caudidate on the Ri'puljliian ticket for county offices, 
and in other wa3's lielping to lead a "forlorn hope"" through the Democratic 
highways of Arkansas. Fraternally he is a Knight of P^-thias, and relig- 
iously he and his family are members of the Christian church. 

Mr. Renner married, in Springdale, October 30, 1898, Cessna Y., 
daughter of Stephen Claypool, who came to Arkansas from Kentucky, where 
the birth of Mrs. Renner occurred in ^fay, 1870. Two children have ble«spd 
the union of Mr. and Mrs. Renner, namely: Maurice and Welton. 

AViLLiAM H. Dunn is the man who first extends a welcoming hand 
to the majority of the new comers to Dewitt. As proprietor of the 
Commercial Hotel he touches in a pai-tienlarly pleasant fashion the 
many-sided life of the community and plays his role of "Mine Host"' 
in a satisfactory manner to everybody cnncerned. He is a native of the 
Blue Grass state, his nativity having occurred in Bowling Green on the 
21st day of January, 1849. He was indebted to the public schools for his 
early educational advantages and sup-plemented this mental discipline 
with a course in Cecil ian College of Elizabethtowu, Kentucky. 

The occupation of Mr. Dunn while living in Kentucky was that of 
a dealer in live stock. He became convinced of the possibilities pre- 
.sentecl by this section of Arkansas and in January severed old assoeia- 
tion.s and came on, locating in Dewitt. Until 1904 he continued in the 
line of business to which he had devoted his energies in his former place 
of residence, but in that year he made a radical change by purchasing 
the Parker House, the leading hotel in Dewitt. He changed its name 
to the Commercial Hotel and has since remodeled and refurnished it 
throughout and it is conducted on the most modern and up-to-date prin- 
ciples, its reputation among those seeking lio.spitality being wide and 
favorable. 

The Commercial Hcjtcl h-is been in existence about thirty years, and 
its name at the time of its opening was the "Orto." In 1896 it was de- 
stroyed by fire, but was subseciuentl}' rebuilt. It is now enjoying its best 
days, under Mr. Dunn's management being liberally patronized and 
accredited the best in the county. 

On the 1st day of September. 1889, :\Ir. Dunn laid the foundation 
of a happy life companionship by mairiage. his chosen lady being Miss 
Louisa J. Boyle, of Dewitt. She is a dauuhter of James T. and Mary 
(Gateley) Boyle. They have had four children, three sons and a daugh- 
ter, but all are deceased. In the kindness of their hearts they have 
adopted three children and afforded them with a good home and excel- 
lent advantages. Their names are LidvC Reed. ^laud Hatfield and Theo- 
dore Miller. The names of the deceased children ai-e, James Spencer, 
LiOTiis Erastus, AVilliam Jesse and Edith Iimmic 

The parents of 'Mr. Dunn were Spencer and Mniy i Wooten i Dunn, 
natives of Virginia. 

JoKX Simon- :\lrLK()n. The ])arl that heredity ami environment jilay 
in determining a man's earthly career are as nothing compared with the 
influence that he can himself exert if he stands ready to open the door at 
opportunity's knock. Alert and enterprising, John S. McLeod. of Rogers, 
has evidently made good use of native talents and good old Scotch endow- 
ments of industry, thrift and sound sense, and is now carrying on a success- 
ful business as a general insurance agent, and is actively identified with 
many of the more prominent entcr])rises of this pait of Benton county. .\ 
son of John A. McLeod, he was born April 2.i, 1872, in Benton couiiiy. 
Arkansas, his birthplace. having been about six miles southwest of Rogers. 




^f^r^ ^ 



HISTORY OF x\RKANSAS 1137 

Murdock McLeod, the grandfather of John Simon, was born jf jjure 
Scotch ancestry, his birth occurring November 10, 1807, near Raleigh, North 
Carolina. Migrating in early life to Arkansas, he located in Lawrence 
county, where he was successfully engaged in mixed husbandry until his 
death, in 1862. He married a bonny Scotch lassie, who was born December 
18, 1811, and died, in Lawrence county, Arkansas, December 20, 1888. She 
reared a number of children, of whom the following named grew to years 
of maturity, married and reared families: James, of Lawrence county, 
Arkansas ; John A. ; Simon and William, of Lawrence county ; Alexander, 
who spent his entire life in Lawrence county ; and Hector, residing in that 
county. 

John A. McLeod was born in 1835, in Lawrence county, Arkansas, and 
began life for himself as a farmer. At the outbreak of the Civil war he 
abandoned the plowshare and became a soldier of the Confederacy, enlisting 
in an Arkansas regiment of infantry, and for four years served as a private 
in the Trans-;\lissi<^iplii Department, being three times wounded in battle. 
Returning humc ai iln . I.jse of the conflict, he resumed farming in Benton 
county, locating snuihwust of Rogers in 186G. He has met with good suc- 
cess as a farmer and fruit grower, and is numbered among the substantial 
and esteemed citizens of his neighborhood. True to the religious faith in 
which he was reared, he is a member of the Primitive Baptist church. He 
married Mrs. Lucy (Dodson) Christian, who was born in Tennessee July 
24, 1833, and came with her father. Rev. Samuel Dodson, a minister in the 
Primitive Baptist church, to Arkansas from Warren county, Tennessee, prior 
to the Civil war. She subsequently married for her first husband a Mr. 
Christian, who died as a Confederate soldier at Little Rock, Arkansas, leav- 
ing three children : Dr. D. Christian, of Springdale, Arkansas ; Samantha, 
wife of G. M. Mayes, of Rogers, Arkansas; and J. W. Christian. Of her 
union with John A. McLeod, one child was born, John S., the special subject 
of this brief record. 

After leaving the public schools of his native district, .lohn S. MiLcod 
attended the University of Arkansas, where he nearly reached the junior 
year ere interests on the home farm compelled him to return to the parental 
roof-tree. There he was busily employed until his marriage, when he em- 
barked in farming on his own account. Giving up the active management 
of his estate in 1898, Mr. McLeod came to Rduii^, where he at first clerked 
for J. W. Bryant, afterward being similarly > ni|il'i\i'.l with the Steele Broth- 
ers. Subsequently perceiving a favorable (i|j|ioii umiI\ to enter the insur- 
ance business, Mr. McLeod took advantage of it, ami otalilislied an office in 
Rogers, assuming the agency of desirable and rcliabl,' ,(.iii|i;:iiii'^;. Equipping 
himself for conducting a general insurance businc.-^. lie i> actively identified 
with liiv. aiciilrnt. hcaltli. ^;t('alll boiler, and plate glass insurance, and also 
make- I \]]];ji liu>iiics< a IValiii-r of his work. 

I'ublii -<jiii-itiMl ami fai-,-('fing. Mr. McLeod has taken an intelligent in- 
terest in the development of Rogers, and, in company with others, platted 
the Blackman addition to Rogers, it being a part of the original Fair 
Grounds addition. It is one of the choice locations of the city, and in a 
short time after it was put upon the market more than forty houses, some 
of them being the best and most attractive of any in Rogers, went up as if 
by magic. Mr. McLeod is a stockholder and a director in the Kansas City 
& Memphis Railway Company, which is now extending its line southeast 
from Rogers through the scenic region of Monte Ne and opening up a new 
country tributary to Rogers in that direction. lie is likewise a stockholder 
in the Ozark Lumber and Land Company, and has a large and valuable 
orchard upon his farm near Rogers. Mr. McLeod is affiliated with the Dem- 
ocratic party, but is not active in politics. He is a member, fraternally, of 



ll:iS HISTOKY OF ARKANSAS 

the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons ; of the Knights of Pythias ; of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, and of the Benevolent Protective Order of 
Elks. 

On August 30, 1891, Mr. :\F(Lc.m1 niiuried, in Benton county, Callie D. 
Oakley, who was born in Beiitnn (uuntv, Arkansas, February 8, 1872, and 
lias one brother, Xewton A. Oakhv. ol Ihiid, Oklahoma. Her parents, Ben- 
jamin F. and Mary (Hart) Oakley, came to Arkansas from Tennessee in 
pioneer days, the team with wliich they made the overland trip being com- 
jjosed of a horse and an o.\ on either side of the wagon tongue, this method 
of traveling indicating the Inmililr ((UKlitioii nf <"nir nf tln' -i'rtlcr> of that 
time. They lookup biinl in llriiii.ii cmiuiuv. .umI lia\.- -iii.r li.-cn I'ai'incrs in 
that locality. Mr. an.l .Mi-. M. I.c^.l havr thnv rhildnii, Miiuiir .M.. Floyd 
and Lillian. 

John H.vkiiis Fletciikk. Standing prominent among the leading citi- 
zens of Spring-dale, Arkansas, is John Harris Fletcher, who is distingtiished 
not only as the principal merchant of that city, but for his honored pioneer 
ancestry, his grandfather, Eobert Fletcher, having located in Washington 
county in territorial days. He was born near Harris, Washington county, 
Arkansas, September 9, 1855, a son of Andrew Fletcher. 

Robert Fletcher was born in Georgia in 1774, and was there reared and 
married. In 1824, accompanied by his little family, he migrated to Wash- 
ington county, Arkansas, making the dangerous journey through the track- 
less woods, o\er Ijleak mountains and across rivers, with teams, bravely bat- 
tling with the elements that ever offer resistance to the hardy pioneer. It 
was during the last year of President Monroe's administration that he took 
the eventful trip across the country, courageously daring all the hardships 
and privations incidental to frontier life in order to pave the way for those 
that followed, and to establish a home where his children and their de- 
scendants might enjoy the comfort, and even the luxuries, of life without the 
labor and toil in which his years were spent. Locating six miles east of 
Fayetteville, near Harris, he began the pioneer task of hewing a farm from 
the forest, and on the homestead which he improved he spent the remainder 
of his days, dying in 1856, a venerable and esteemed citizen. He married 
Polly Wilson, a sister of Hon. Thomas Wilson, a member of the first legisla- 
ture of Arkansas and a man of distinction in his day. Seven children were 
born to tliem. namely: John, James, Jesse, Andrew, Job, Timothy, and 
IMrs. John Fletcher, who spent the larger part of her life in Sangamon 
county, Illinois. 

Andrew Fletcher, born near Harris, Arkansas, in 1824, soon after the 
arrival of the family in Washington county, succeeded to the occupation of 
his ancestors, and until his death, in 1861, was engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits in the community in which his birth occurred. He married Mahala 
Rogers, a daughter of Levi Rogers, who came to this state from Alabama. 
She died in 1864, leaving three childvon. as follows: John Harris, of whom 
we write; Robert, of Leslie, Arkansas: and .\iinie. wife of George Cline, of 
Joplin, Missouri. 

Born within a half a mile of the farm on which his grandfather located, 
John Harris Fletcher grew to manhood in a rural community, gleaning his 
early education in the typical pioneer log sclioolhouse during its one yearly 
term of three months of school. Xot content with a farmer's life, he left 
home on attaining his majority, going to Saint Louis to learn the ma- 
chinist's trade. After serving an apprenticeship with the firm of Busby & 
Company, he returned to Washington county, Arkansas, and began life as a 
wage earner in Fayetteville, becoming an employe of James Ferguson. He 
followed his trade until 1895, when he made a change of occupation, estab- 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1139 

lishing himself as a general merchant at Harris, among the friends of his 
childhood days. In 1905, desirous of enlarging his field of operations, Mr. 
Fletcher purchased the entire stock of William Massey, one of the leading 
dry goods and shoe dealers of Springdale, and has since carried on a thriv- 
ing trade, his business being extensive and profitable. He has acquired con- 
siderable property, owning his business house and his pleasant residence on 
Johnson street. 

On October 10, 1874, Mr. Fletcher was united in marriage with Har- 
riet J. Wiliford, a daughter of James Wiliford, who came to Arkansas from 
Alabama. She passed to the life beyond in 1898, leaving three daughters, 
namely: Elizabeth, wife of Monroe Sammons, of Springdale; Lydia, de- 
ceased, was the wife of John Roberts ; and Belle, wife of Howard Mullins, 
of Saint Louis, Missouri. Mr. Fletcher married, December 10, 1899, Mrs. 
Ella (Grimes) Folk, a widow with one child, Lynn Folk. Mrs. Fletcher was 
born near Fayetteville, Arkansas, being a daughter of James Grimes, who 
migrated from Tennessee to Washington county, Arkansas. 

Politically Mr. Fletcher is a Democrat, both by training and by incli- 
nation, and religiously he belongs to the Baptist church. Fraternally he 
is a member of all the junior Masonic organizations and is a Knight 
Templar. 

WiLLiAii (_'. HoBERTs. Occupying a ]>riiminent position among the 
substantial and respected citizens of Benton county is William C. Roberts, 
who is serving ably and efficiently as postmaster at Rogers. A son of the 
late William C. Roberts, Sr., he was born in Fayetteville, Washington 
county, Arkansas, May 18, 18,50. He is of pioneer descent, his grandfather, 
Henry Gregg, having migrated from eastern Tennessee to Arkansas while it 
was yet under territorial government. He settled at Fayetteville when its 
present site was marked by a single house, and when Washington county 
included all of northwestern Arkansas, an area from which ten counties have 
since been carved. 

William C. Roberts, Sr., was born in eastern Tennessee in 182-5, and 
died in Hillsboro, Texas, in 189.5. He came with his father-in-law, Henry 
Gregg, to Arkansas in pioneer days, and with them endured the privations 
and hardships of frontier life. During the Civil war he served as captain 
of a Texas company of soldiers in the Confederate army, and his two older 
sons gave their lives in defense of the Southern caiise. He married Caroline 
Gregg, daughter of Henry Gregg, a pioneer settler of Washington county, 
Arkansas. She died in 1855, leaving five children, namely: John H. and 
George W., both of whom were killed while serving in the Confederate 
army; Mary J., who married W. H. Hurt, and died in Hillsboro, Texas; 
Sarah D., wife of Samuel Hill, of Helena, Oklahoma ; and William C, with 
whom this sketch is chiefly concerned. 

William C. Roberts was reared in the hiiiiibic liomo nf his parents, and 
acquired his education in the common sclmnl. ,,| .uib -lidlum days, supply- 
ing the funds to defray his ordinary expen^r- li\ working nights and morn- 
ings. He was a pupil of J. M. Johnson, ai'ti-ruard colonel of a regiment in 
the Union army, and from him, doubtless, imbibed the Union sentiments 
that led him to Join the Federal forces during the Civil war, notwithstand- 
ing the fact that his father was an officer and two of his brothers privates 
in the opposing army. Enlisting in Company K, First Arkansas Volunteer 
Infantry, Mr. Roberts served under his former preceptor. Colonel J. il. 
Johnson, in the Western D(|i;iiliiii nl of the LTnion army, seventh A. -C. 
He took an active part in tin . iii;;i-. iiirnts at Camden and Jenkins Ferry, 
and in various skirmishes, rcim in- ~li-lit wounds on the field of battle, and 
on August 1(». 1S().5, was honornlily discharged from the service at Fort 



1140 HISTORY OK ARKANSAS 

Smith. He was only thirteen years, three months and ten days old when 
he enlisted in the army. 

WTiile in the army Mr. Eoberts maintained his sisters upon his army 
pay, and on coming out of service proceeded to put the finishing touches to 
his limited education. As a stanch Republican, he soon became associated 
with local politics, and served for four years as deputy sheriff under Jacob 
Yoes, of Washington county, and was subsequently deputy county clerk 
under George W. M. Reed, of the same county, for a like period of time. 
Going then to Albany, New York, Mr. Roberts was graduated from the 
Albany Law School with the class of 1872, and for a number of years there- 
after was engaged in the practice of his profession in Fayetteville, being 
associated with his uncle. .Tndpt^ Lafayette Gregg. Going from there to 
Madison county, he it-iihhJ hi- |n-ofession, and again entered the political 
arena. His health In, iniiinii lupuired, he abandoned his practice and ac- 
cepted a position in the l.'uitcU States Internal Revenue service, in which 
he remained until relieved by a Cleveland appointee, being excused on the 
grounds of "0. P.,"' offensive partisanship, an excuse invented by President 
Cleveland to get rid of Republican office holders without infringing the 
Civil Service regulations. 

Returning to his profession, Mr. Roberts resided in Madison county 
several years longer, and was there decidedly active in local affairs. He 
was popular with both parties, and in 1893, with the aid of Democratic 
vot«s. he was elected to the State Legislature, and re-elected to the same 
position in 1895. AVliile a member of that body he secured the passage of 
his share of the bills which he introduced, and was the author of a law 
passed allowing parties in garnishment proceedings to hold funds in the 
hands of parties owing the tinrnisln'cd wlicn the suit was brought until the 
outcome of said suit could ln' ilctiiniinod. Although remaining true to 
his party in matters eominu lnvfinc thi' Legislature, he kept clear of 
partif^iin Ic^islatinn. Coming to Rogers in 1898, Mr. Roberts soon be- 
came idriitiliril with the leading interests of the place, and in 1906, sup- 
ported liy till' ciiildrsement of the Republican committees of his township, 
county and state, he was appointed postmaster at Rogers by President 
Roosevelt, and at the expiration of his term of four years was reappointed 
to the same position by President Taft. 

Mr. Roberts married in July, 1873, in Fayetteville. Arkansas, Nar- 
cissa Xaylor, daughter of Robert F. Naylor, who was at that time register 
of the. United States land office, having gone there from Pittsburg, Penn- 
sylvania, although he was a resident of Indiana when Mrs. Roberts was 
bom. Mr. and Mrs. Roberts are the parents of four children, namely: 
Virgil, general agent of the Louisiana Cotton Oil Company at New Or- 
leans : ^linnie, wife of Dan C. Cowling, of Rogers; Charles F., of Little 
Rock, a postal clerk ; and Ethel, general delivery clerk at Rogers. 

Taking an active part in the affairs of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, Mr. Kiigcvs was elected commander of the state of Arkansas in 
.189fi. and since his retirement from that office has been named to fill posi- 
tions (if importance upon the staffs of .state commanders, and is now 
judge advocate general of the Arkansas Grand Army of the Republic. 
He has served on all the political committees of the Republican party, 
local and state. He is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows: is a Knight Templar Mason, belonging to Bethany Commandery, 
Xo. 1(), of Bentonville, and is a member of the lodge of Elks at Rogers, 
Arkansas. 

Ja.mks .ViGUSiiN C'AMiciiOX Hi.ACKBLKX. For many years inseji- 
arably identified witii (he ii]ihiiilding and growing prosperity of Roger.s, 



HISTORY OF AKKAXSAS lUl 

Benton county, James A. C. Blackburn is honored with a citizenship that 
stands among the ideals required for the establishment of a community 
characterized for its intelligence, morality and the elements of business 
success. The descendant of a pioneer family of note, he represents, also, 
the brave, courageous men who blazed their way into the county and 
founded the first communities which brought civilization to the Ozarks. 
A native of Benton county, he was born in the vicinity of War Eagle 
Mills, August 22, 1841, a son of Sylvanus Blackburn. 

Sylvanus Blackburn was born in middle Tennessee in 1809, and there 
grew to man's estate. Coming to Arkansas in 1832, he brought with him 
his parents, Jo and Eachel Blackburn, both of whom spent their remaining 
years here, passing away in 1840. Locating in Benton county, near the 
place which, with the creek, was named in honor of the old chief of the 
Cherokee Indians, "'War Eagle," Sylvanus Blackburn improved a home- 
stead and engaged in farming and stock raising, and dealing. In 1855 he 
built a grist mill and a saw mill at War Eagle, and there made lumber 
and sash for building purposes, his plant being the first of the kind in 
Benton county. His first home, a typical two-story log house, which he 
erected in 1844, is still standing, even to sashes, which were made by the 
hand of Beech Kobinson, a pioneer mechanic of the county, are in a splen- 
did state of preservation. 

Having been a slave owner and a capable business man, he acquired 
considerable property before the war, and wlien that struggle came on he 
took his negroes South in hopes of saving them', and buried a large sum 
of gold about his premises, while his sons entered the Confederate service. 
He saved his gold, but lost his slaves and much other chattel property. 
He subsequently began life anew, but his ambition was curbed by the 
devastation of war, and he contented himself as a simple farmer during 
the remainder of his days, passing away in 1890, at a venerable age. He 
was a man of strong religious faith and practice, and a preacher in the 
Free Will Baptist church. A man of unquestioned integrity, he per- 
formed his obligations to the very letter, and was very strict in requiring 
others to observe the same relation toward himself. He married Catherine 
Brewer, who was born in middle Tennessee and died at a good old age in 
Benton county, Arkansas, in 1890. Of the nine children born of their 
union, James A. C., the subject of this sketch, and Rachel are the only 
survivors, the subject being the sixth child in succession of birth. The 
names of the others in order of birth are as follows : Joseph ; Ambrose ; 
Rachel, who married J. W. Burks; William; Newton; Louisa, who mar- 
ried Samuel Burks ; Zimri J. ; and Margaret A., who died when young. 

Brought up imder the difficult conditions of frontier life, James A. C. 
Blackburn labored hard to obtain an education, walking two miles each 
way to attend the short terms of a subscription school, paying a monthly 
tuition fee of two dollars for the privilege. Scarce had ho taken his place 
in the affairs of men when the Civil war broke out. Joiniiio- Cinnpaiiv I, 
Colonel Ras Sterman's Batallion of Cavalry, he went tn iln- Irnni uiulcr 
command of General Cabell, and subsequently was at dillVi-i^nt linu's spe- 
cial courier for the "Old Tiger" of the Confederacy. He served through- 
out the conflict in the Trans-Mississippi Department, without wounds or 
untoward incident, and when the struggle was over the command was dis- 
banded at Saline. 

Mr. Blackburn then began life for himself as a farincr at War ?]agle, 
but in the fall of 1867 he made a change of occupation, embarking in mer- 
cantile pursuits at Van Winkle Mills. In 1873 he rebuilt the War Eagle 
Mills, and added their operation to his mercantile transactions, managing 
both industries until 1884. Selling out both interests in that vear, he sue- 



1142 HISTORY OF ARKAXSA8 

ceeded Peter Van AViukle in the lumber business at Van Winkle Mills, 
three miles north of War Eagle Mills. In 1890 he transferred his resi- 
dence and his operations to Rogers, and here continued in the lumber 
business until January 1, 1895, when he retired from active commercial 
pursuits, the care and disposal of the vast tracts of land which he had 
acquired during the preceding years demanding his full attention. 

Since coming to Rogers Mr. Blackburn has been one of the extensive 
and prominent iniilders of the town, in the matter of erection having ex- 
ceeded any two other town builders of the place. He built the first house 
on the present town site, using it for a time for the storage of his sashes 
and doors, and is the owner of much city property of value, including four 
of the leading hotels. 

While taking an active part in the affairs of his city, Mr. Blackburn 
has permitted his name to be used and his service to be given politically. 
He was elected to the State Senate in 1895, and again in 1897, rendering 
appreciated service each term. While a member of that body he secured 
the repeal of the "three mile limit" law, which repeal made it possible to 
establish at Rogers a distillery for the manufacture of brandy, thus giving 
a market for the culls from the apple-grower's orchards, a matter meaning 
much to that industry in and about Rogers. 

In Benton county, Arkansas, January 25, 1868, Mr. Blackburn mar- 
ried Ellen Van Winkle, a daughter of Peter Van Winkle, a pioneer settler of 
this county. She died in 1884, leaving three children, namely : Carrie, wife 
of E. J. Kruse, of Rogers; Maud, deceased, was the wife of Dr. Huff; and 
Laura, wife of Charles A. Miller, of Rogers. Mr. Blackburn married, 
April 1, 1886, Mrs. Belle Harris, a daughter of C. Petross, who was born 
in Mississippi, of French ancestry. Mrs. Blackburn has two children by 
her first marriage, namely: Urie D. Harris, assistant cashier of the First 
National Bank of Fayetteville, Arkansas; and Lee M. Harris, of Rogers. 

Fraternally Mr. Blackburn is a meriiber of the minor Masonic organ- 
ization, of Rogers, and belongs to Bethany Commandery, Xo. 16, K. T., 
of Bentonville. He is not identified with any religious institution, but he 
is a practical helper in the dispensation of charity, and wise and gen- 
erous in the aiding of people who deserve a helping hand. 

Judge Millard Berry. Progress and enterprise are two words in- 
delibly associated with the character and achievements of Judge Millard 
Berry, of Springdale, and any new and growing community is fortunate, 
indeed, to have a man of such fine initiative nnd iiri-ii^tence in its midst. 
Judge Berry has been prominently identiliiil wnli ;i Hairs in Washington 
county since 1883, at which time he was a rrlu-ei', a> -nmeone has expressed 
it, from the cotton fields near Dallas, Texas. After preparing himself for 
the law at Washington, Indiana, where he was reared, he had made the 
mistake of believing that there was a fortune awaiting him in the Lone 
Star state as a grower of cotton. Accordingly he went thither as a young 
man of twenty-three and spent four futile years in a battle with low prices 
and other adverse conditions before he was ready to seek another vocation 
in life. Fortrmately he was still young; "experience is a providence," ac- 
cording to the poet; and his subsequent success has been more than com- 
pensation. 

Wlien he came to Springdale, Arkansas, Judge Berry found a few 
cottages gathered about the railroad station, but he was to be the wit- 
ness of remarkable growth and development and the somewhat sleepy 
and aimless community has become a thriving, up-to-date one, the subject 
having done his share in the admirable metamorphosis. For a few years 
he represented the Caldwell Manufacturing Company of Leavenworth, 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1U:5 

Kansas, as their salesman of vehicles and implements, traveling over the 
district of which Springdale is the centre, and when be abandoned tliis 
occupation he took up the abstract and title business, in which he is still 
engaged. During the passage of years he has entered other fields of activ- 
ity and has measured capacities with other promoters and business men 
in the county. He engaged in the telephone bvtsiness here in 1896, and 
sitch possibilities rapidly developed as to urge him into a broader field, 
and accordingly he organized the North Arkansas Telephone Company and 
was for many years its president. This company has a capital of a hun- 
dred thousand dollars and was chartered in 1898. It built toll lines and 
exchanges in Benton, Washington, Madison and Crawford counties and 
has developed an extensive and important system of communication. 

For many years Judge Berry was secretary and manager of the Spring- 
dale Canning Company, an enterprise which was of more consequence to 
the people of this locality than any other of its day. He was a memlier 
of a small coterie of Springdale citizens to build the Odd Fellows' block, 
one of the best and most conspicuous blocks of the city. 

The birth of Judge Berry occurred in Daviess county, Indiana, Octo- 
ber 19, 1856. His father, Walter E. Berry, was born in Hart county, 
Kentucky, in 1828, and went to Daviess county as a boy with his father, 
Beverly Berry, who died near Washington just before the Civil war. Wal- 
ter E.' Berry married Angeline, a daughter of a Mr. Cross, a Kentuckian 
and a farmer. Beverly Berry was born in Virginia and his wife's maiden 
name was Evans. 

Walter E. Berry passed his life ijuietly and was ambitious only to 
rear and educate his son, who was his only child, and to provide for tiie 
comfort of the little circle he called his own. He followed to Arkansas 
when his son established himself in Springdale, and he died here in 190;3. 
He was a Democrat in politics, but took little interest beyond his right as 
a voter. 

Millard Berry was educated in the public schools and seminary at 
Washington, Indiana, and read law with Judge James W. Ogden, of that 
place. He was admitted to the bar before Judge Mallott in 1877 and 
subsequently became a partner in the law with Judge Ogden. His legal 
work was cut short by his ill-starred ambition to become a cotton baron 
in the Southwest, when he located at Garland, Texas, on a cotton farm, 
and remained from 1879 until his entry into Springdale. 

Judge Berry's connection with politics was rather unimportant until 
such time as he became a candidate for office himself. His first public 
service was as mayor of Springdale and as justice of peace and then he 
went up higher, having been very faithful in those duties. He had not 
been within the borders of more than six of the thirty and more town- 
ships of Washington county when he decided to seek the nomination for 
the county judgeship and his opponent was seeking only his second term. 
Notwithstanding this disparity in advantage he won the nomination and 
then the election in 1900 and succeeded County Judge R. 0. Hanna. Two 
years later he was chosen to succeed himslf and after that term was suc- 
ceeded by W. E. Williams. 

His administration of the county judge's office was characterized by 
sound business methods and the achievement of many things working to 
the advantage of the county. He brought about the building of the first 
steel bridge across White river in Washington county; agitated the erec- 
tion of a new court house and devised a method to secure it without bur- 
dening the taxpayers with a bonded debt. His ideas were taken up by the 
levy board and adopted and a sinking fund was created and increased 
from year to year, so that the building was erected with tlie scrip of the 



1144 HISTOEY OF ARKANSAS 

county, the last of which will be paid off in 1913. He found the road 
building affairs of the county in a chaotic state and he purchased new 
equipment and placed a competent foreman in charge of it and many miles 
of permanent road were built during his term. He conceived the idea of 
placing the county farm upon a self-sustaining basis by planting an 
orchard, which promised to become in time creative of an income sufficient 
to defray the current expenses of the farm, with a possible surplus fund 
for the county treasury. Had his plans been furthered by his successors 
the orchard would now be of commercial value and an asset in the in- 
ventory of the county's property. 

On August 6, 1879, Judge Berry was married in Washington, In- 
diana, Miss Ida MeHolland, a daughter of Thaddeus McHolland, of 
Portland, Oregon, becoming his wife. Mrs. Berry's mother's maiden 
name was Miss Josie Sleeper and she (Mrs. Berry) was the eldest of three 
children, her brother being William McHolland of Portland, Oregon, and 
her sister Mrs. Laura Swain, of Jacksonville, Florida. Judge and Mrs. 
Berry are the parents of several children. Thaddeus is associated with his 
father, and his wife was Miss Annie Graves ; Ethel is the wife of Glenn 
VanHorn, of Springdale ; Walter is a plumber and machinist here ; Helen 
is the wife of Dr. Charles A. McQuaid, of Springdale ; Hazel, Marian and 
Josephine complete the family. 

Judge Berry is a loyal member of the time-honored Masonic order, 
and is past master of the Blue Lodge of Springdale. He is also past noble 
gi-and of the local lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Mrs. 
Berry is an active member of the "Star" and has been a representative to 
the Grand Lodge of Arkansas. 

John C. Exgland. Although John C. England now maintains his 
home and jjrofessional headquarters in the city of St. Louis, Missouri, he 
was formerly a prominent and influential resident of Little Rock, where 
he resided for a long number of years and where he gained distinctive 
prestige in connection with legal and railroad interests. He platted out 
the town of England in Lonoke county and is the owner of a fine planta- 
tion of some two thousand acres in that county. He has been identified 
with a number of different projects in Arkansas since early youth and it 
seems that he has always possessed an "open sesame" to unlock the doors 
of success in every enterprise that he has undertaken. In connection with 
his legal work he has been a constant agitator and worker for the general 
welfare and reform both in administration and in state, county and 
municipal improvements. 

A native of Arkansas, John C. England was born at old Brownsville, 
formerly the county seat of Prairie county, the date of his nativity being 
the 18th of January, 1850. He is a son of William H. and Lauriva (nee 
Boyette) England, who came to Arkansas from Attala county, Mississippi, 
in the year 1849. The father was engaged in the mercantile business in 
Mississippi, but after his removal to Arkansas was elected clerk of the Cir- 
cuit Court, which position he held for a number of years and until liis 
death, in 1860, The mother survived her honored husband by a number 
of years, her death having occurred in 1900, at the venerable age of 
seventy-five years. Mr. and Mrs. England were the parents of seven chil- 
dren, of whom the subject of this sketch was the fourth in order of birth. 
On other pages of this work appears a sketch dedicated to the career of 
Joseph E. England, president of the England National Bank of Little 
Rock and a brother of John C. England. 

John C. England was a child of but ten years of age at the time of his 
father's death and he was thus reared to maturity without parental care 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1145 

aud guidance. He received his rudimentary educational training in the 
school at old Brownsville and in the schools of Hickory Plains. After 
reaching years of maturity he decided upon the profession of the law as his 
life work and with that object in view began his legal studies in the office 
of Gantt & Bronaugh, at Brownsville, later pursuing a course of study 
in the law office of the same firm after removal had been made to Devall's 
Bluff. Mr. England was admitted to the bar of Arkansas at Devall's 
Bluff, then the county seat of Prairie county, in the year 1871, and he 
immediately was admitted to partnership by his preceptors, the firm name 
being changed to that of Gantt, Bronaugh & England. Later he removed 
to Lonoke, the newly established county seat of the coimty of the same 
name. He succeeded in building up a large and representative clientage 
at Lonoke, where he continued to reside until 1887, at which time he estab- 
lished his home at Little Rock. He removed to the capital city of the 
state in order to accept the position of attorney for the Cotton Belt Rail- 
way Company and in addition to his duties as such he was a law partner of 
General W. E. Atkinson, attorney general of Arkansas, a large business 
being controlled under the firm name of Atkinson & England. In 1889 
Mr. England was honored with appointment as private secretary to Gover- 
nor Eagle, serving in that capacity for a period of two years. Besides 
being attorney for the Cotton Belt ' Railway, Mr. England was right-of- 
way agent for that company in Arkansas, and as such he secured the 
right of way for the Altheimer branch of that road, the same extending 
from Little Rock to Altheimer, where it connected with the main line. 
In this connection he laid off and established the town of England, in 
Lonoke county, which has since become the largest and most important 
town on the branch in question. Mr. England held the first sale of lots 
in this town on the 30th of January, 1889, soon after the road was com- 
pleted; it was named in his honor. Mr. England still owns valuable prop- 
erty interests at England and in the surrounding country, part of his 
holdings being a fine plantation of two thousand acres near the town of 
England. In 189-5, however, Mr. England severed his connections in 
Little Rock and removed to the city of St. Louis, Missouri, where he has 
since been engaged in the practice of his profession and where he has won 
precedence as one of the most skilled and versatile trial lawyers in that 
section of the state. His business headquarters are maintained at 1124 
Central National Bank Building. 

At Lonoke, Arkansas, on the 20th of January, 1875, Mr. England 
was united in marriage to Miss Eleanor M. Chapline, a daughter of George 
M. Chapline and a sister of Judge Chapline, of Lonoke. Mr. and Mrs. 
England are the parents of five children, whose names are here entered 
in respective order of birth, — Wilhelmina, Nellie, John R., Gladys and 
Louise, the last three of whom remain at the parental home. John R. 
England is engaged in the management of his fathers business at Eng- 
land, Arkansas, and Wilhelmina is the wife of Thomas W. Barron, her 
home being in St. Louis. 

In politics Mr. England accords an uncompromising allegiance to the 
principles and policies promulgated by the Democratic party, and while 
he has never manifested aught of ambition for the honors or emoluments 
of public office of any description, he is decidedly in sympathy with all 
measures and enterprises advanced for the general welfare of both Arkan- 
sas and of his present home. By reason of the great amount of good he 
accomplished while a eitiztm of Arkansas Mr. England is well deserving 
of mention in ^this compilation devoted to the careers of representative 
Arkansans. He is affiliated with a number of professional and fraternal 

Vol. Ill— 4 



1146 HISTORY OP ARKANSAS 

organizations of representative character and in their religious faith tlie 
England family are consistent members of the Baptist church, to whose 
good works they are liberal contributors of their time ami means. 

Eugene Williams. Among the representative citizens and business 
men of Forrest City, St. Francis county, xVrkansas. whose contributions 
to progress and good government have been of the most insistent order, 
is Eugene AVillianis, an influential banker in eastern Arkansas and at 
the present time, in 1911, treasurer of the St. P'rancis Levee Board. 

Mr. Williams is a native son of Forrest City and the date of his 
nativity vpas Deceinber 23, 1882. His parents, W. E. and Eddie Cham- 
bliss (Mallory) Williams, are both living, and concerning the career of 
the father further data appears elsewhere in this volume iu the .sketch 
dedicated to him. He served as sheriff of St. Francis county for a 
period of sixteen years and is a man of power iu the political world in 
this section of the state. AJter completing the curriculum of the public 
schools of Forrest City Eugene Williams, the immediate sub.iect of this 
review, attended a male academy at West Point, Mississippi, for one year. 
When sixteen years of age he returned to his home city, where he as- 
sumed the responsibilities of deputy clerk in the office of his father, w-ho 
was then sheriff of the county. In 1902, at the age of twenty years, he 
promoted and organized the Banl^ of Florresi City, of v.hieh he is man- 
ager and cashier. This stable monetary institution has a capital, sui-plus 
and undivided profits amountina: to eighty-three thousand dollars and it 
is an iraport;int faetor in tlic fiiinneial affairs of ea.stern Arkansas. 

In politii-s Mr. \\'illi,iiiis is nli'jiied as a loyal supporter of the cause 
of the Deiiioiiaii.' party and lie has ever done all in his power to advance 
the general weiraic of llu' cniMiiiiinity. He is tronsuror of the St. 
Francis Levee Boaid ami it may be said here that this m-anization has 
been one of the most pulciit inthirnces in the developmnit nf this section 
of Arkansas, where it has been the means of enriching- the planting in- 
terests to a point never dreamed of in the earlier days. This board is 
notable also for being the strongest single force in the political affairs 
of the entire state. In the most siiiiiifiraiit sense of the word Mr. Will- 
iams is a resourceful, puhlirspiiitcd ami cmiiifntly tiseful citizen. In 
a fraternal way he is eonm'cicd «ith the .Masonic order, the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks and othrr rc|iresentative organizations. 

In the year 1901 was eelcliiatcd the marriage of ^Ir. Williams to 
Miss Sadie Moseley, of West Point, Mississippi. They have two children, 
Eugene, Jr., and Mortimer. In their religious faith IMr. and Mrs. Will- 
iams are stanch adherents of the teachings of the Methodist church and 
they are prominent ftxctors in connection with the best social activities 
of the younger generation in this city. 

SiL.\s D. Campbell. It is with distinctive satisfaction that the 
biographer directs attention to the life history of him to wliom this sl<cti-h 
is dedicated, for not only is the lesson of personal worth ami ai mmiilisli- 
ment such as bears its lesson, but in the tracing of his and-tral history 
there issue many points of interest, — a narrative that tells of honest and 
iudustiious sons of the American Republic, that gives evidence of the 
deeds of loyal men and soldiers of a lost cause, who nevertheless distin- 
guished themselves for faithfulness and personal bravery. 

Silas Davis Campbell is assistant attorney for the St. Louis, Iron 
Mountain & Southern Railway Company and is a member of the well 
known law firm of Campbell & Suits, of Newport, Jackson county, .Ar- 
kansas. ^Mr. Campbell was born in Russellville, Kentucky, the date of 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1147 

his birth being Jaiuiarv 3, 1867, and he is a son of Rev. Jolin W. Campbell, 
a preacher and teacher of the Presbyterian faith, the scene of much of 
his endeavors having been Lawrence and Sharp counties, Arkansas. He 
was a native of Todd county, Kentucky, born in 1840, and he met with 
death in a team-run-a-way accident while living in Sidney, Arkansas, in 
the year 1880, at the comparatively young age of forty years. Rev. 
Campbell early manifested a studious turn of mind and after availing 
himself of the advantages afforded in the public schools of his native 
place he attended and was graduated in Bethel College, in Bath county, 
Kentucky. His father's people were from North Carolina, where the 
family settled in an early day, the original progenitor of the name in 
America having come hither from Scotland. The Campbells were ardent 
fvmpathizers with the cause of the Confederacy during the strenuous 
IMTioil of the Civil war and a number of Rev. Campbeir? brothers were 
Siiutliern soldiers. 

In 1866 was solemnized the marriage of Rev. Campbell to Miss 
Charlene K. Davis, a daughter of Rev. Silas N. Davis, a Cumberland 
Presbyterian minister, who passed the major portion of his life in the old 
Blue Grass commonwealth. Mrs. Campbell was one of a number of chil- 
dren and was born in December, 184.3. She was graduated in the Green- 
ville, Kentucky, Academy, and was a popular and successful teacher in that 
institution until the "Lincoln Oath" was made a test of fitness for a 
member of the faculty, when she was denied the further privilege of teach- 
ing there, coming soon afterward to Arkansas. The "Lincoln Oath" was' 
one administered to persons suspected of disloyalty and as Mrs. Campbell 
could not swear that she had not sympathized with the Confederate cause 
and given it some aid or comfort, she was disqualified for further useful- 
ness to her alma mater. After their arrival in Arkansas Mrs. Campbell 
was a valuable aid to her husband in his religious and educational work. 
She taught in Sharp, Lawrence and Independence counties, and after 
the death of her honored husband she became a member of her son's house- 
hold, at Newport, where she resided until her death. In August, 1908, 
she stumbled and fell over a foot stool, from the effects of which accident 
she died on the 6th of the same month. She is survived by two sons,— 
Silas Davis, of Newport, the subject of this review : and Dr. H. G. 
Campbell, of Asher, Oklahoma. 

Mr. Campbell, of this article, was a child of but one year of age at 
the time of is parents' immigration to Arkansas. He attained to years 
of maturity in Lawrence and Sharp counties, and his chief work as a 
student was executed in the Arkansas College, at Batesville, in which insti- 
tution he was graduated as a member of the class of 1891, this being the 
last class to go out of that college under Dr. Isaac Long, its founder and a 
leading educator in the state. In the same institution he pursued post- 
graduate work and in 1905 received the degree of Master of Arts. Thus 
equipped with a liberal education, Mr. Campbell entered upon the pro- 
fession of teaching and during the years 1893 and 1894 he was principal 
of the public schools of Batesville. Believing, however, in the greater 
possibilities for advancement in the profession of law he abandoned the 
school room and read law. He studied the te.xts under the direction of 
Judge Yancey and Judge Fulkerson, both prominent attorneys at Bates- 
ville. Mr. Campbell made rapid progress in the absorption and assimi- 
lation of the science of jurisprudence and he was admitted to the bar 
of the state in 1894, being admitted to practice before the supreme court 
of Arkan.sas in 1897. In 1895 Mr. Campbell established his home at 
Newport and in 1898 he became involved in politics as a candidate for the 
office of prosecuting attorney for the Third Arkansas District. He won 



1148 HISTORY OF ARKAjSTSAS 

tlu' nomination and in the ensuing election was successful at the polls. 
-Vfter two years of most efficient service in this capacit)' he was chosen 
as his own successor in the office, continuing incumbent thereof until 
1902. In 1904 he was appointed as one of the attorneys for the St. Louis 
Iron Mountain & Southern Railway Company, whereupon he dissolved 
his relations as a partner in the firm of Phillips & Campbell, formed in 
1895. In 1906 Mr. Campbell entered into a partnership alliance with 
Fred R. Suits, under the firm name of Campbell & Suits. In connection 
with his practice Mr. Campbell represents the Arkansas Bank & Trust 
Company, of Newport, and is retained by several business firms. As 
attorney for the Iron Mountain railroad he has nine counties of the north- 
eastern part of the state under his jurisdiction. In addition to his legal 
work he is a director and a member of the executive committee of the 
Arkansas Bank & Trust Company. ]\Ir. Campbell is possessed of a bril- 
liant mind, is alert and diligent in discharging the business at hand and 
all his undertakings are characterized by that persistency of purpose and 
laudable ambition which lead to success. 

On the 26th of December, 1899, at Pulaski, Tennessee, was solemn- 
ized the marriage of Mr. Campbell to Miss Willie Leone Cox, a daughter 
of William L. Cox. Mr. Cox. who died in 1910, was a mechanic and was 
largely engaged in the installing of saw mills during his active business 
career. He was a loyal Confederate at the time of the Civil war. He was 
a native son of Alabama and in 1871 married Miss Elizabeth Tunuell, 
who now maintains her home at Newport, Arkansas. ^Ir. and Mrs. Cox 
became the parents of the following children, — Willie L., who is now 
Mrs. Campbell ; Eleanor, who married J. 0. Griffith, of Columbia, Ten- 
nessee ; Jessie and Henry, both of Memphis, Tennessee : Mrs. Annie Owen, 
of iSTovvport; and Samuel, who was a volunteer in the Spanish American 
war and who is still in the service of the United States army. Mr. and 
Mrs. Campbell have three children, — Norman, born in 1900 ; Shelby, born 
in 1902; and Leone, born in 1908. 

In his political allegiance Mr. Campbell is a staunch advocate of the 
principles and policies promulgated by the Democratic party and when 
an active participant in political affairs he was frequently called upon 
l)y the people of Jackson county to represent their interests as a delegate 
to various state Democratic conventions. He is well acquainted with 
many of the leading Democratic politicians in the state and this friend- 
ship with prominent men is of considerable value to him in connection 
with his professional work. In a fraternal way he is a valued and appreci- 
ative member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in which he is 
past noble grand of the lodge at Newport. He represented Odd Fellow- 
.ship in the Grand Lodge of the state in 1908, and is a member of the 
finance committee of the organization by appointment of the grand master. 
Judge Stuckey. He is also affiliated with the time-honored Masonic 
order and with the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks. In their 
religious faith he is a Presbyterian and his wife is an Episcopalian. Mr. 
and Mrs. Campbell are popular factors in connection with the best 
social activities of their home city and their spacious and beautiful home 
is the scene of extensive ami lilirral hospitality. 

L.'VNCELOT ]\riN'OR. For many ycai's a iinmiincnt and pros]ierou.-; at- 
torney of Jackson county, Lancelot Minor, familiarly known throughout 
Newport, his home city, as "Colonel" Minor, has recently become actively 
identified with the real estate and collecting business, having in a measure 
retired from his profession. A son of Dr. Charles Minor, he was born June 
l."), 1846, in Albemarle county, Virginia, of honored ancestry. His paternal 



HISTORY OF AHKAXSAS 1149 

grandiather, Laucelot ^liuor, whose liomt: was at ■"Miuor's Folly,"" Louisa 
county, Virginia, served as a soldier in the Eevolutionary war, and was 
afterwards a planter of note. He married and reared live children, as fol- 
lows: Professor John B., who held the chair of law at the University of 
Virginia for iifty-two years; Lancelot, farmer, deceased; Lueien, professor 
of law in the Williamsburg College for many years; Charles M. D.; and 
Kittie. 

Born in Louisa county, Virginia, in 1818, Charles Minor, M. L., was 
graduated when young from the University of Virginia, afterward receiv- 
ing the degree of M. D. at the Baltimore Medical College. He was sub- 
sequently both physician and educator, being, perhaps, more especially in- 
terested in educational atfairs, having founded the Brookhill Preparatory 
School for boys, of wliich he was subsequently the principal until his death, 
iu 1801. Dr. Alinor married his cousin, Lucy Walker Minor, a daughter 
of I'eter Minoi', and of their thirteen children, twelve grew to years of 
maturity, their mother, who passed away in 1879, training them to lives of 
industry and usefulness. 

A school boy when. the war between the states began, Lancelot was 
preparing for tlie University in his fathers school. In 1862, finding resist- 
ance to tbe call of the Confederacy no longer possible, he enlisted in the 
Kockbridge Arlilleiv, and under command of "Stonewall"' Jackson took 
part in the Shenandoah Valley canipainiis, nnd participated in the en- 
gagements at Chanlilly, Port l{epul)li. , Sli;ii [i-lmi-g, Gettysburg, the Seven- 
Dnys fight around Richmond, the two li,titlr> .a Cold Harbor, Fredericks- 
burg. Chancellorsviilc, and was in the trenches around Richmond until the 
evacuation of the city. Mr. Minor's last battle was fought at Cumberland 
church. A])nl S, ISU.j, the day before the surrender at Appomattox. In that 
engagcincnt in \\,i> shot through the body, a rifle ball entered in his left 
side anil iiinknii: it^ exit at the left shoulder blade. Returning home, he 
lielped gather tilings together for his mother, with whom he remained until 
the fall of 1S6T, when he migrated to Kansas, where, when farming failed 
to provide for his necessities, he applied himself to other industrial em- 
ployments. 

Coming to Arkansas iu December, 18*1, Colonel Minor, who had 
previously farmed near Paola, Kansas, and had tried life in Nebraska, es- 
tablished himself as a farmer in Jacksonport, from there coming to New- 
port, where he ran the first milk dairy. Subsequently turning his attention 
to the study of law, for which he had made t^ome preparation in his Mr- 
ginia home, he joined his brother in the practice of law, and in 1876 was 
admitted to the Arkansas bar, at Jacksonport, before Judge Byers. The 
Colonel was quite successful in his professional career, and continued the 
practice of law until 1901, in the meantime being for a number of years 
associated with Hon. Franklin Doswell, a member of the Constitutional 
Convention of 1871, the firm name being Doswell & Minor. 

One of the progressive citizens of Newport, Colonel Minor assisted in 
the organization of the First National Bank, of tlie Arkansas Bank and 
Trust Company of Newport, and of the ill-fated Bank of Newport, holding 
stock in each. He was also one of the original stockholders of the Jackson 
County Telephone Company, now the Newport Telephone Company, and 
took a financial interest in the Farmers' Telephone Company. 

One of the leading members of the Democratic party, the Colonel has 
frequently served as a delegate to state conventions, and at the Democratic 
National Convention of 1884 helped nominate Grover Cleveland for the 
presidency of the United States. He was also an alternate to one of the 
Saint Louis Democratic National Conventions. Having never swerved 
from the religious faith in which he was born and bred, Colonel Minor is a 



1150 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

valued member of the Episcopal church, in which he has been a warden 
for twenty years, and is now a vestryman. He is a member and past 
master of Jackson Lodge, A. F. & A. M. ; a member and past high priest 
of Jackson Chapter, R. A. M. ; and for a year was junior warden of the 
Grand Lodge of Arkansas. 

In 18fi6 Colonel Minor was united in marriage with Emma Minor, a 
daughter of Franklin Minor, a relative. She died in 1885, leaving one 
daughter, Louisa. The Colonel married in July, 1887, Theodosia Ferguson, 
of Augusta, Arkansas, and to them five children have been horn, namely: 
Minnie. Mildred, Willie Overton. Alcorn and Lancelot. 

William D. ;\IcLaix Ir numbered among the conspicuous citizens of 
Newport, Jackson county, Arkansas, where he has been eminently succes- 
ful in his various business enterprises and where he has been a prominent 
and influential factor in the material upbuilding of the city. His lines 
have been cast here almost from the time of his entry into the business 
world and his career discloses a phenomenal rise from penury to a position 
of affluence among the best citizens of Newport. He was born in Lawrence 
county, Arkansas, on the 21st of November, 1859, and is a son of John H. 
McLain, who came to this state from Tennessee in the ante-bellum days. 
John H. McLain was born in 1835 and was a loyal and faithful soldier in 
the Confederate army during the strenuous period of the Civil war. After 
his arrival in Arkansas he settled in Lawrence county, where was solemnized 
his marriage to Miss Sarah C. Agee, a daughter of William H. Agee. The 
subject of this, review is the oldest in a family of eight children and is 
the only child, save one, to raise a family. The exception was his brother 
John M., who passed away as a mill man in 1907, leaving one son, John 
D., who is a member of William D. McLain's household. The grandfather 
of him to whom this sketch is dedicated was Charles McLain, who was 
engaged in agricultural pursuits in Lawrence county, Arkansas, at the 
time of his death, in about the year 1870. Ho became the father of the 
following children : John H. and Squire, both Confederate soldiers ; Will- 
iam C, of Newport. Arkansas; and Mrs. Christina Smith, who died in 
Lawrence county. 

On the old home farm in Lawrence county, Arkansas, William D. Mc- 
Lain was reared to maturity. His early education, hardly worth the name, 
was gleaned within the sacred precincts of the country school. For two 
years prior to attaining his majority Mr. McLain was a temporary resident 
of Indiana, engaged in "Roving," as he accounts for his absence from home, 
and while there he met and married his wife. Becoming the head of a 
household before he was of age, he found it important to adopt industrious 
habits and his attention was drawn to saw-milling as oifering an opening 
to an ambitious youth. He secured employment with the mill firm of Gunn 
& Black, at Brinkiey, Arkansas, and from a common laborer he rose to the 
position of head sawyer of that concern. In 1884 he came to Newport, 
Jackson county, Arkansas, where he assumed the responsibilities of the 
position of head sawyer of the Rudolph Stecker Cooperage Company, sub- 
sequently becoming general manager of that firm and finally purchasing 
the plant, which he removed to Woodruff county, where he operated it for 
a period of four years under his own name. Moving the mill again, he 
located it at McLain's Switch, a short distance below Newport, on the Rock 
Island Railroad. He continued to be identified with that line of enterprise 
until 1906, in which year he disposed of the business. With the sale of his 
mill Mr. McLain abandoned saw milling and turned his attention to the 
lumber and land business. He was an instrumental factor in the organiza- 
tion of the McLain & Holden Land & Lumber Company, in 1906, and is 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1151 

now secretary of that important concern. It was incorporated with a cap- 
ital stock of thirty thousand dollars and it deals in farm and timber lands, 
owning the chief lumber yard at Newport, in addition to which building 
supplies are handled. The company laid out the addition called "East New- 
port" upon two hundred acres of its own land and it is now exploiting the 
sale of lots and encouraging the improvement of them with cottage homes. 

Mr. McLain was one of the organizers of the Arkansas Bank & Trust 
Company, in which he was a director for a number of years. In 1910 he 
did a fine service for Newport by erecting the McLain Hotel, a metropolitan 
hotel somewhat in advance of the demands of the time. The building is 
three stories in height, is built of pressed brick and is equipped throughout 
with modern furnishings and sanitary appliances, the cost of the same being 
some thirty-five thousand dollars. 

At Walnut Ridge, Arkansas, on the 20th of October, 1879, was cele- 
brated the marriage of Mr. McLain to Miss Cordelia E. Mosier, of Loogoo- 
tee, Indiana, a daughter of John C. Mosier, of Daviess county, Indiana. 
Mrs. McLain was summoned to the life eternal in 1897, and is survived by: 
Elizabeth, who is the wife of J. R. Holden, of Newport, Arkansas ; and Miss 
Sarah Elva McLain, also of Newport. On the 27th of March, 1901, Mr. 
McLain was united in marriage to Miss Clara D. Cooper, a daughter of Dill 
Cooper, who immigrated to Arkansas from Georgia in an early day. To 
this union have been born five children, whose names are here entered in 
respective order of birth : James E., Audrey, Paul, Leroy and Robert. 

Mr. McLain is one of the vice-presidents of the Newport Board of 
Trade, has been a member of the school board for the past six years and 
in his political convictions is a staunch advocate of the cause of the Dem- 
ocratic party. In fraternal circles he is affiliated with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and with the Woodmen of the World. His religious 
faith is in harmony with the tenets of the Christian church, in which he is 
a member of the board of trustees and to whose charities and benevolences 
he is a most liberal contributor. He is a man of remarkable vitality, un- 
usual executive ability and in his civic attitude he is ever on the alert to do 
all in his power to advance the general welfare of the city and state at large. 

Judge John R. Loftin is distinguished for his services as a veteran of 
the Confederate army, also respected for his worth as a citizen of promi- 
nence and for his active work in the advancement of the agricultural inter- 
ests of Jackson county, more especially in the vicinity of Newport, his home. 
He was born May 1, 1838, in Rutherford county, Tennessee, and came to 
Jackson county, Arkansas, in 1849, with his father, Eldridge Loftin. 

Colonel William Loftin, the Judge's grandfather, emigrated from the 
British Isles to the United States in Colonial days, and during the Revolu- 
tionary war served as a soldier, having charge of a company of North Car- 
olina militia. His importance as an officer is proved by the fact that a re- 
ward was offered by the British forces for his capture and delivery to the 
enemy. On coming to this country. Colonel Loftin first settled in Virginia, 
having received a land grant from the Crown, his land lying near Peters- 
burg, and, probably, adjacent to and extending over into North Carolina. 
He married a Miss Dunn, and their children were as follows : Thomas, who 
as a soldier in the war of 1812 took part in the battle of New Orleans and 
claimed to have fired the ball that killed General Pakenham, commander- 
in-chief of the British forces ; William ; Henry ; Isaac ; Mrs. Anthony Ken- 
nard, who died in Texas; Mrs. Lavina Featherstone, who passed her last 
years in Bentonville, Arkansas ; Mrs. Brothers ; Mrs. Batton and Eldridge. 

Eldridge Loftin was born in Rutherford county. North Carolina, in 
1789, the year in which George Washington was inaugurated as the first 



1152 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

president of the United States. Althougli his fatlier pussesi^ed considerable 
wealth, being a slave owner and a planter, he had no special educational 
advantages, having been taught to read, it is said, by his wife after their 
marriage. Coming with his family to Arkansas in 1849, he located near 
Jaeksonpprt, Jackson county, and was there engaged in tilling the re- 
mainder of his days. His wife, whose maiden name was Elizabeth Moore, 
was born in Livingston county, Alabama, a daughter of Lodowiek Moore, 
who came of Revolutionary stock, and who had two sons in the battle of 
New Orleans in the war of 1812. She died in Tennessee, in 1844, leaving 
ten children, namely: Robert M., who died in Jackson county, Arkansas; 
LuCy, wife of Robert Dillon, died in the same county; Albert G. died, in 
1853, in Thibodau.x, Louisiana ; Richard died unmarried ; Eldridge died in 
Crawford county, Arkansas; Lavinia, wife of Charles Garmon, died near 
Jaeksonport; Elizabeth, deceased, married J. D. MeCiillough, and spent 
her last years in Texas; William died in Franklin county, Arkansas; 
Samuel, of Grubbs, Jackson county, died in lito: : and John R., the special 
subject of this sketch. 

A boy of eleven years when he came with xhv family 'to Jackson county, 
Arkansas, John R. Loftin received a practical common school education, 
and began life as a wage-earner in a store, being employed as a clerk. At 
the breaking out of the Civil war, he promptly offered his services to the 
Confederacy, enlisting in Company G, First Arkansas Infantry, under 
Captain A. C. Pickett and Colonel Fagin, his regiment moving on to Mem- 
phis, where it awaited the movement that carried Arkansas out of the Union 
and added its chief strength to the Southern cause. The company left 
Jaeksonport May 3, 1861, and with the regiment arrived in Virginia in 
time to take part in the first Manassas fight, after which an opportunity 
was offered all soldiers for enlistment for the war. and Mr. Loftin, with 
others, responded and was furloughed home. On his return the regiment 
was reorganized at Corinth. Mississippi, and the battle of Shiloh soon fol- 
lowed. Being here commissioned third lieutenant of his company, Mr. 
Loftin continued on duty throughout the next three years. Beginning with 
the battle of Perryville, he fought bravely at Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, 
Missionary Ridge, Chattanooga, and in all the general engagements and 
skirmishes of the Atlanta campaign, which lasted nearly a hundred days! 
From Atlanta he went back into Tennessee, accompanying Hood, who 
superseded General Joseph F. Johnston, to Franklin and Xashville. At the 
engagement in Franklin his division lost its gallant commander. General 
Pat Cleburne, while in Nashville the Confederate army was nearly an- 
nihilated. General Lowrey assuming command of the small remnant of 
Cleburne's army and joining General Johnston in North Carolina. 

During his many years of exposure to danger, sometimes passing 
through an atmosphere almost too thick with bullets to breathe with safety, 
Mr. Loftin came off the field of blood and disaster at Nashville unscathed, 
but badly frightened. In that engagement the Federals, seemingly, were 
everywhere in evidence. Companies, regiments and commands were sur- 
rendering on every side, but John R. Loftin determined that no Federal 
prison should ever shelter him. There was nothing on earth that could 
save him, however, but his legs, and, his own testimony declares, that he 
made the best sprinting record of his entire life right there, and escaped. 
Prior to the battle. General Hood had promised that each soldier that came 
out of the scrimmage should have a furlough home, and this blessed priv- 
ilege his foot race won for him. Before Mr. Ix)ftin could again reach his 
command, after the expiration of his furlough, the war was closed. 

Soon after the close of the conflict, Mr. Loftin was elected .sheriff of 
Jackson county, but in 186(i, in the early period of reconstruction, he was 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1153 

removed by the authorities, and he embarked in mercantile pursuits. When 
the period of reconstraction ended, he was again chosen sheriff of the county, 
and served from 1874 until 1882. Resuming then his agricultural opera- 
tions, he followed general farming, principally, until his final retirement, a 
few years since, becoming owner of farms and other lands of value in Jack- 
son county. In 1910 Judge Loftin was appointed justice of the peace by 
Governor Donagliy, and in September of the same year was elected to suc- 
ceed himself. 

Politically Judge Loftin has ever been associated with the Democratic 
forces, and state conventions have kinnvn him as a delegate from Jackson 
county. He has had a person. il ;ic.|ii,iiniaiice with many of the post-bellum 
governors of Arkansas, and in iIim mm them to that high office has taken a 
modest part. The Judge Joined the Masonic fraternity in 186.5, and has 
taken the Blue Lodge and Chapter degrees. He has been president of Levee 
District, No. 2, since its creation. 

Judge Loftin has been twice married. He married first, October T, 
1866. Elizabeth West, a daughter of William P. West, of Mississippi. She 
passed to the higher life in 1883, leaving four children, namely: John R., 
Jr., a leading liveryman and stock dealer of Newport, of whom a brief per- 
sonal review is given elsewhere in this volume; Lucia G., wife of T. W. 
Shaver, of Little Rock; Samuel W., of Newport; and Elizabeth, wife of W. 
D. Williams, of Newport. Judge Loftin married, in 1884, Mary Leech, 
who died November 10, 1906, leaving one daughter, Mamie, of Newport. 

John R. Loftin, Jr. I'lic l>u^ini'» carcir of Imn tn whimi this sketch 
is dedicated has ever been chaiai in i/.nl liv pcrsi-tciiry >>( |iui-|)(ise and a set 
determination to conquer all .ilisiachs. llis imlcfati^alile energy and 
marked executive ability have been prolific of most gratifying results and 
it is with pleasure that his name is here included within the list of repre- 
sentative Arkansans. He has long been engaged in the livery business at 
Newport and is widely recognized as a man of loyal and public-spirited prin- 
ciples, although he could never be persuaded to accept political preferment 
of any kind. 

John R. Loftin, Jr., is a son of John R. Loftin, the pioneer, old soldier 
of the Confederacy and magistrate of Newport, and he was born at Jack- 
sonport, Arkansas, on the 8th day of May, 1873. He attained to years of 
maturity in the vicinity of his birthplace, but his early schooling was of a 
somewhat intermittent character. Of nervous temperament and decidedly 
restless under indoor restraint, he sidetracked school as early as possible 
and as a young man turned his attention to the more practical affairs of 
life. His first employment was in the capacity of clerk in a store at Jack- 
sonport and early in life he became slightly interested in local politics. He 
soon abandoned politics, however, as unworthy the attention of a healthy 
intellect, and then turned his energies to farming, continuing to be identi- 
fied with that line of enterprise for a period of five years, at the expiration 
of which, in 1904, he came to Nev\port, Jackson county, Arkansas, where 
he purchased a small livery business, the nucleus of his present extensive 
operations in that field. His first establishment consisted of a wooden barn 
with a few horses, but following his bent he soon began trading and traf- 
ficking in stock. Dealing in horses and mules offered the best opportuni- 
ties for his prowess and he soon built up a trade of no mean proportions. 
As his business developed ho l>ecame a buyer abroad and shipped carload 
upon carload of mules to Newport from points in Missouri, disposing of 
them to the farmers in and about this city. Enlarging his territory, h' 
bought mules at distant points and shipped them to Memphis and St. Louis 
and in so doing gained an extensive acquaintance with dealers in tlmsi' 



1154 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

places. Of the quantities of mules and horses sold to planters in the vicin- 
ity of Newport, in recent years, fully two thousand passed through his 
hands. 

In 1906 Mr. Loftin lost his old wooden barn by fire and he then erected 
his present, fine concrete building, the same covering a tract of land one 
hundred by one hundred and forty feet of his quarter of a block of ground. 
It is interesting to note that around this barn centers the mart of the stock- 
market of the town. Wliile Ins livery business was once his mainstay, it 
has now become a place of minor concern in the sphere of his activities. 
He still maintains a deep interest in farming and his unique personality 
places him in the field as a buyer for any animal that is offered for sale 
here. He taboos politics, brands it as a game more for the shiftless, crippled 
or aged than for the young and ambitious. His Judgment of a man de- 
pends solely upon what that man does actually accomplish. He is a man 
not of words, but of deeds and his indefatigable industry is the secret of 
his rapid rise to a position of influence in the business world of this section 
of the state. 

On the 15th of May. 1897, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Loftin 
to Miss Julia Barnes, a daughter of Frank and Georgia (Crumble) Barnes. 
Mrs. Loftin is the only child of her parents. She is a woman of interesting 
personality and her gracious and sweet disposition has won to her a large 
circle of friends in this community. Mr. and Mrs. Loftin have one child, 
Lucia, whose birth occurred on the 28th of February, 1901. Religiously 
Mrs. Loftin is a staunch advocate of the doctrines upheld by the Presby- 
terian church. 

Mr. Loftin exercises his franchise in favor of candidates representing 
the Democratic party at election time, but during the remainder of the 
year is non-partisan — just a plain citizen. In a fraternal way he is 
affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is broad- 
minded and liberal in his support of all matters projected for the general 
good and he is a citizen of worth and prominence at Newport. 

John P. Paul. As secretary of the Arkansas department of the fra- 
ternal organization known as the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, John 
P. Paul has accomplished a most jjhenonienal work during the past decade. 
The numerical enrollment of the order from some four thousand members 
in 1900 to more than thirty-two thousand in 1911 and the raising of the 
order in the state from third to first place among the fraternities is bor- 
dering on the miraculous and can only be accounted for upon the theory' 
of the injection of new blood and new methods into its management and 
the maintenance of a vigorous and unrelenting campaign. 

John P. Paul was born at Dayton, Ohio, the date of his nativity being 
the 2nd of June, 1850. He is a son of Philip Paul, a German immigi-ant of 
the year 1842, who settled, as a youth of sixteen years, in Dayton, Ohio, 
and there passed the remainder of his life. His birthplace was in the prov- 
ince of Bavaria, Germany, and his vocation was a clerical one in the office 
of the United States Express Company, in whose employ he continued for a 
jieriod of twenty vears. He married Miss Mary E. Rhine, of Dayton, and 
he was summoned to the life eternal in the year 1893, his cherished and 
devoted wife having passed away in 1888. The children born to this union 
were: John P., Mrs. Frederica Ayres, ]\Irs. Anna Smith, Otto J., Mrs. 
Carl Mills, I\[rs. Maggie Kramer and George E., all of whom are residents of 
Dayton, Ohio, except John P., of this sketch. John P. Paul received his 
jireliminary educational training in the public schools of Dayton and when 
a lad of but thirteen years he became interested in river navigation. At 
that early age he became a cabin boy and he passed up slowly through tlie 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1155 

several grades of employment until he reached the rank of steward on the 
steamboat "Telegraph," plying between Cincinnati and Louisville. Sub- 
sequently he passed several months in a railroad construction camp at 
Evansville, Ind., \\horc lie served in the capacity of timekeeper and steward 
in the commis>aiv (l(|iartiiient. In 1871 he located at Evansville, Indiana, 
where he applird hmisrir vigorously to learning the art of photography. 
Too close application tu lliat line of enterprise, however, impaired his health 
and as a result he was forced to seek out-of-door employment. At Evans- 
ville, then, he entered public service as a police officer and after seven years' 
identification with that department of the municipal government he retired 
as a lieutenant of the force. 

In 1888 Mr. Paul decided to try his fortunes further west and accord- 
ingly he came to Arkansas, locating first at St. Paul, in ^ladiMin county, 
where he resumed the art of his earlier life until fortune i'avniv,| him with 
a new calling and jostled him away from the camera and .-k\ liulii I'nr good. 
While a resident of St. Paul he was active in incorporating the town, was 
chosen its first mayor and served in that capacity with the utmost effi- 
ciency for three terms. In 1893 he was appointed, under President Cleve- 
land's second administration, a< >lnifkceper and ganger for the Xorthwest 

Arkansas revenue district ami - iliricafter he removed with his family 

to Sulphur Springs. He eoniimifil iii tlie government service for a period 
of seven years and when he retired therefrom, in 1900, he assumed the 
responsibilities of his new office — that of secretary of the Arkansas branch 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. While a citizen at Sulphur 
Springs he niicrafcd ihr Kansas City Southern Eating House and was there 
ineuniliciii '•( \\]<' iiili.c nf inavir for two terms. In 1907 he moved to 
Siloani S[ii-uii;s. Arkansas, ami while there served one term as mayor and as 
president of the 10,000 club, lie now resides at Newport, Jackson county, 



Mr. Paul was made an Odd Fellow in Evansville, Indiana, in 1871. 
He passed the chairs of the lodge in that city and was instrumental in 
organizing the lodge at St. Paul, Arkansas, on the 20th of May, 1891, he 
being the only charter member of that lodge now living. He was chosen 
representative of the St. Paul lodge to the Grand Lodge of the state in the 
same year and again in 1892, in which year he was elected warden of the 
Grand Lodge. In 189.3 he was elected deputy grand master and in the 
following year he passed to the grand master's chair. In 1896 and 1897 
he represented the Grand Lodge in the Sovereign Grand Lodge of Odd 
Fellows and in the latter year was elected grand patriarch of the Grand 
Encampment of Arkansas. Later, in 1900, he was elected to his present 
office as grand secretary of the Grand Lodge of Arkansas. He is the oldest 
member of the board of the Odd Fellows' Orphans' Home, at Batesville, an 
institution established in 1898. 

The history of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in x^rkansas 
begins with the year 1839, on August 12th of which year Far West Lodge, 
No. 1, was instituted at Little Eock. Until recent years its progress in 
the state has been slow, the masses not seeming to appreciate the advan- 
tages to be derived from the organization. During the past few years, how- 
ever, it has made a new departure and its recent growth in the state has 
become wonderfully rapid, the membership having been doubled during the 
past five years. During the years 1900 to 1910 the net increase in member- 
ship in Arkansas was 26,000. This remarkable advance is attributed solely 
to the wonderful influence and excellent management of its present secre- 
tary, John P. Paul, who assumed active charge of the affairs of the order 
in 1900. First of all, his whole being was permeated with the spirit of 
fraternity as exemplified through Odd Fellowship. His affiliation with the 



115G HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

public led him to the solution of the problem of handling men ; of gaining 
their attention and awakening their interest upon a matter affecting their 
own welfare. These conclusions gradually matured into plans and methods, 
which the new grand secretarj' adopted, witli the result that the order in 
Arkansas has had virtually an awakening that amounts almost to a new 
birth. 

At Evansville, Indiana, in the year 1873, was solemnized the marriage 
of Mr. Paul to Miss Lizzie M. Helbliug, a daughter of Antone Helbling, 
who was born and reared in the Empire of Germany. ;Mr. Helbling came 
to the United States about the year 1854, and he was well knomi as a 
foundryman in Evansville for many years. Two children were born to 
bless this union : Mayme, and John P., Jr. The son married Lillian Noel, 
of Noel. Missouri, and he was killed in a railroad accident at Carl Junction, 
Missouri, on the 3d of March, 1908. He is survived by a widow and daugh- 
ter, who reside at Pineville, Missouri. Mayme resides at home with her 
parents. In their religious faith Mr. and Mrs. Paul are devout members 
of the Christian church, in the various departments of whose work they are 
most active and zealous factors. 

In his political adherency Mr. Paul is aligned as a stalwart in the 
ranks of the Democratic party and while he has never manifested partic- 
ular ambition for the lionors or emoluments of public office he has been 
honored by his fellow citizm- with election to various offices of trust and 
responsibiiity, as pn'\ i!in,-l\ noted. He is a man of splendidly developed men- 
talitv and broad human -yiiipatliy and as a citizen and official in the order 
of (idd Fellows he has attained to that degree of popularity which is ever 
indicative of sterling worth and unquestioned integrity. 

Lee AVoRTiiiNGTON. Colonel "Worthington has maintained his resi- 
dence in Arkansas during the major portion of the time for the past 
thirty years, and his home and business headquai-ters are now in the 
city of Hot Springs. He has been the most prominent and influential 
factor in connection with the development of the mineral resources of 
the state, where his interests in this line are now varied and of most 
important order, and he has otherwise shown his loyal interest in the 
promotion of those measures and enteiprises that have conserved the 
material and civic progress of this favored commonwealth. In the ex- 
. ploiting of the raining industry in Arkansas he is consistently desig- 
nated as the pioneer, and he has shown marked initiative and con- 
stnietive ability, the results of which are to be seen not only in his 
valuable holding's of mining property, but also in the industrial activi- 
ties promoted and fostered under his careful and discriminating ad- 
ministration. He is well known throuahoiit the state and his status is 
essentially that of a representative citiz' n Mud Imsiness man— one who 
commands unqualified popular eonfideiiie mid istiem. 

Colonel Worthington, who received his military title through his 
service as an officer in the ever memorable Brooks-Baxter war, brought 
about by contending political forces in Arkansas in 1874, claims the 
fine old Buckeye state as the place of his nativity, and he is a scion of 
a sterlinu' pioneer family of that commonwealth. He was born at 
Washinelon, Fayette county, Ohio, on the 22nd of February, 1842, and 
is a son of J. J. and Catherine B. ( Creamer 1 Worthington, both of 
whom continued to reside in Ohio until their death, the father having 
devoted the major part of his active career to education. Colonel 
Worthington was reared to adult age in his native state, to whose com- 
mon schools he is indebted for his early education. At the age of nine- 
teen vears he left Ohio and set forth to seek his fortunes in the west. 




C^iryi^ 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1157 

He first came to Arkansas in the year 1870 and located in the eitj- of 
Little Rock. Durinor the long: intervening years he has continued to 
regard Arkansas as his home, although he has in the meantime passed 
var>-ing intervals outside of its borders, as he has been concerned in 
a specially active way with prospecting and the developing of mining 
enterprises in Colorado. New ilexico. Arizona and other sections of the 
west. In fact, the major portion of his active career has been one of 
close identification with mining interests, and he is a recognized author- 
ity in regard to commercial mineralogy, and mine development and 
engineering, as his experience has been exceptionally wide and diversi- 
fied. His most important mining interests at the present time are in 
Garland county, of which Hot Springs is the capital and metropolis, 
and in the adjoining county of ilontgomery. The section thus desig- 
nated is the center of the richest mineral region in the state of Arkan- 
sas. Colonel Worthington here owns about twentj-two copper mines. 
Imown as the "Worthington mines, and the same are located principally 
in ilontgomery county, though the property extends over into the 
northwestern part of Garland countj\ The mines are located near the 
village of Cedar Glades, ilontgomery counts-. The main shaft of the 
AVorthington mines eovei-s three claims and is six hundred feet wide 
by four thousand five hundred feet in length. The copper lode or 
vein has an average width of seven feet. Colonel AYorthington initiated 
development work on this property in 1909 and operations ai" • - 
being caiTied forward with excellent returns, the ore averaging flvf 
per cent of pure copper, five dollars in gold and three dollars and sev- 
enty-five cents in silver to the ton as it conies from the mine. The 
splendid richness of the ore is well indicated by the figures just given, 
and the ore is unusually rich as compared with other of the great copper 
properties of the United States. The concentrates from the ore run 
twenty-nine per cent pure copper. In the development of this magnifi- 
cent property Colonel Worthington has been able to afford tangible 
evidence of the great hidden wealth that lies in the vicinity and that 
is destined to become one of the greatest of the natural resources of 
the state. 

Colonel Worthington was likewise the discoverer and is the owner 
of a bed of potteiy clay that is conceded by the highest authorities to 
be the greatest ever discovered in the world. This famous deposit tract 
is situated in Garland county, about eight miles due north of Hot 
Springs and near the village of ^Mountain Valley. It embraces four 
hundred and twenty acres, and from the beautiful white clay here 
secured is manufactured the finest of fancy white brick for ornamental 
architectural purposes, but is more especially adapted for pottery pur- 
poses, as from the clay, without the admixture of any other elements, 
is manufactured the most beautiful china and other pottery of all kinds. 
The product is susceptible of the most artistic tinting and glazing, and 
it permits the minimum of thinness and the most artistic shaping 
in the fine wares manufactiired therefrom. The hill containing this 
great deposit reaches a height of four hundred and fifty feet, and the 
superficial dimensions of the bed are nine thousand by twenty-five 
hundred feet. The siipply is practically inexhaustible and in the 
same is represented intrinsic valuation to the amount of millions of 
doUai-s. Clay from this great depository is sold by Colonel Worthing- 
ton to leadiug potteries and brick uuinufactories in various parts of the 
T^nion, the Chicago & Rock Island R.ailroad Company, realizing 
the sreat commercial value of the products, are now, 1911. contemplat- 
ing buildins a spur track from Hot Springs to the property — a dis- 



1158 HISTOEY OF AEKANSAS 

tance (if eight miles, as already indicated. This provision will greatly 
facilitate the development and operations of the property, and the con- 
comitant industrial enterprise is one that is destined to augment greatly 
the commercial prestige of the state. 

As a citizen Colonel Worthington is essentially liberal and pro- 
gressive, and he takes a specially lively interest in all that touches 
the advancement and prosperity of his home city of Hot Springs. He 
married ]Miss Emma Lock, of Covington, Tennessee, daughter of Hon. 
Benjamin Lock, of that place. Colonel Worthington and his wife are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

James T. Henderson. Inherent force of character, commendable am- 
bition and unremitting diligence are the secrets of Captain James T. Hen- 
derson's steady advance in the business world of Arkansas. He now occu- 
pies a leading place among the active and representative citizens of Jackson 
county, where he has resided since 1860. He came here with his bride that 
year from Giles county, Tennessee, where he was born on the 14tli of Sep- 
tember, 1835. His ancestors were of the old school of planters, including 
his father and grandfather Henderson, who owned the labor which carried 
on their agricultural industry. The captain's father was Benjamin P. Hen- 
derson, born at Henderson, North Carolina, in 1807. He died in Giles 
county, Tennessee, in 1848. Thomas Henderson, grandfather of the cap- 
tain, lived to a grand old age, his lease on life carrying him past the first 
half of the nineteenth century and through the period of the Civil war, 
although he was born about ten years before the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. 

Thomas Henderson married Margaret Grigsby and to them were born 
the following children: Lemuel J.; James; Eliza, who married Samuel 
Clay; Eebocca, who became the wife of Dr. Massenburg: Benjamin Frank- 
lin, father of the subject of this review ; and Sarah and Margaret, who died 
unmarried. Benjamin Franklin Henderson married Xancy Blackwood, a 
daughter of James Blackwood, of Xorth Carolina, who served in the war of 
the Eevolution, in which he lost a leg. Nancy Henderson passed away in 
the year 1850, two years after the death of her husband, and she was the 
mother of four children, concerning whom the foUowiiig data are here in- 
corporated: Captain James T., of this review; Eliza, who married Eobert 
Davis and who passed away in Jackson county. Arkansas, in 1891 : Emma, 
who is now Mrs. Eobert Ladd, of Newport, Arkansas; and John C, of 
Auverne, Arkansas. 

Captain Henderson received his preliminary educational training in 
the private schools of his native county and later supplemented the same by 
higher study in the schools of Lebanon, Tennessee. He was married at the 
age of twenty-five years and after that important event came at once to 
Arkansas, bringing his slaves with him and engaging extensively in grow- 
ing cotton in Breckenridge township, Jackson county. The outbreak of the 
rebellion almost put a ban on the profitable use of his plantation for the 
next four years, nothing being done save what the women, children and old 
men among the slaves could accomplish. But in the year 1866 Captain 
Henderson resumed planting imder the new and changed conditions of 
labor, putting his emplo3'es either on the pay roll or the rent roll, and he 
reaped the richest harvest of any single year of his experience as a 
farmer. To particularize in this case, he raised eighty acres of cotton, 
gathered eighty-eight bales from it and sold what remained on the stalk for 
fifty-five hundred dollars. The war had stripped him of bis stock and had 
exhaiisted his material resources otherwise, hwt this cotton crop raised his 
credit, as well as his spirits, and set him on the road to renewed prosperity. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1159 

His operations have become more extensive from time to time and he con- 
trols a large area of Jackson county land, the same amounting almost to a 
princely estate, and, although he has shifted, largely, the burden of super- 
vision, he is still a farmer and is so regarded. 

In 18G7 Captain Henderson purchased a section of land near the pres- 
ent site of Newport and about 1872 he entered the service of the St. Louis, 
Iron Mountain & Southern Railroad Company as agent for their lands. 
The company had been granted, by Congress, large bodies of public lands 
comprising alternate sections along the right-of-way. The various town- 
sites along the line of road were exploited by Allen and Marquand, chief 
officers of the road, and when these lands were put upon tlie market Captain 
Henderson represented the dual interests. He continued to be thus en- 
gaged as long as there was a demand for his service and then resigned. In 
his relation to Newport, in which he has had so friendly an interest from 
the time of its incipiency. Captain Henderson has ever been loyal and pub- 
lic-spirited. When financial institutions were needed he joined others in 
inaugurating them, becoming a stockholder and director of two of the first 
banks established here. When he retired from active farm life he came 
here to enjoy the privileges of urban life among the men who joined hands 
with him in the first victories of the county seat. For some years dealing 
in real estate has constituted a part of Captain Henderson's active employ- 
ment. His familiarity with every feature of agriculture, with every char- 
acter of soil and with conditions of title makes him a cyclopaedia of infor- 
mation to those seeking investment here and his efforts have been rewarded 
by the location or exchange of many tracts and the infusion of much new 
blood into the domain of agriculture in Jackson county. 

In 186'3 Captain Henderson gave evidence of intrinsic loyalty to the 
cause of the Southland by enlisting in the Confederate service. He w-as 
commissioned captain of Company G, Eighth Arkansas Volunteer Infantry, 
under the command of Colonel W. K. Patterson, but before the regiment 
saw active service he was detailed to the quartermasters department and on 
one of his trips to St. Louis to secure hospital supplies he brought to Gen- 
eral Price a Santa Fe wagon, whicli the General used personally on his 
raid into Missouri, the same becoming famous in the history of the war. 
Before the collapse of the Confederacy Captain Henderson had returned 
home, foreseeing the drift of things, and he resigned himself to the social 
change and was ready for the experiment of free labor as soon as the last 
gun was fired. 

In Giles county, Tennessee, on the 3d of May, 1860, was solemnized 
the marriage of Captain Henderson to Miss Amanda M. Laird, a daughter 
of Martin and Margaret (Malone) Laird, both natives of Tennessee. Cap- 
tain and ilrs. Henderson are devout members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, in which he has often officiated as trustee and steward, in addition 
to which he has also been superintendent of the Sunday school. Mrs. Hen- 
derson is a woman of rare charm and a wonderfully magnetic personality 
and she holds a high place in the love and esteem of her many friends. 

Years ago Captain Henderson was a beneficiary of the favors of the 
Democratic party. At the first election after reconstruction he was chosen 
as a member of the State Senate, in which he served with the utmost effi- 
ciency for a term of four years, during the administration of Governor Gar- 
land. Although he has frequently been commissiom^d h\ his party as a 
delegate to conventions since that time, he has n^i sim-in .illiee nor sub- 
mitted himself as a candidate. Governor Eagle ;ij]|iniiit. d him a member 
of the board of trustees of the University of Arkansas and after a service' 
of six years in that capacity lie retired therefrom. As a fraternity man he 
owns allegiance to the minor bodies of Masonrv. He has taken the council 



11 (iO HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

degree and has represented his lodge — old Jaeksonport — in the Grand lodge 
of Arkansas. The obligations of the order were conferred upon liini at 
Elkton, Tennessee, by one of the oldest lodge members of that state. Cap- 
tain Henderson has led a most exemplary life and he has been honorable 
and straightforward in all his business dealings. He is a man of unusual 
mental capacity and his many kind deeds are actuated by that broad human 
sympathy Tvhich is characteristic of the large-hearted Southerner. His deep 
and sincere interest in public affairs lias been prolific of much good for the 
county and state, and in all the relations of life lie has so conducted himself 
a> to command the high regard of his fellow citizens. 

Francis Eugene Legori. Possessing unquestioned business ability 
and tact, and a man of upright principles and sterling character, Francis 

E. Legori has acquired a stable position among the enterprising and trust- 
worthy citizens of Newqoort, and as vice-president of the Fee & Craytou 
Hardwood Lumber Company of Arlcnii^n?, nnd t!io manager of its Newport 
mill, is identified with one of tlic Irndin^ indn-i iit- of Jackson county. 

The life story of Mr. Legori iv,iil> liki ;i i;ilr tliai is told. Cast a waif 
upon the streets of New York City in J.sr)3, eitlier by accident or by mis- 
fortune, it was circumstantially assumed, although without tangible evi- 
dence to verify the fact, that he was born in Normandy, and that he was 
lost by his parent.- after they landed in this country, or that he was the 
sole survivor of a family that perished while crossing the Atlantic. Home- 
less and nameless, he ^vas taken in charge by the Catholic Sisters, who 
kindly cared for ilu- |ii">r iliild until another home was found for him. 
While in that institution, lir was christened by his present name, which is a 
union of the names ol' Ilu' Mother Superior of the Catholic Home and of its 
matron. Mother Ijcgori arid !•" ranees Eugenia, the masculine form of the 
latter name being given. 

A few months later Francis Eugene Legori was sent westward to Illi- 
nois with other orphans, after the custom of later days, and placed in the 
home of a physician. Dr. Evans. He was sent to school, according to the 
contract, but he was otherwise badly treated. His teacher, a ^liss Spencer, 
formed a strong attachment for the little lad, and realizing that he was 
neglected and abused, begged for his release from the Doctors care. Ob- 
taining it, she took him to the home of her father, Henry Spencer, an 
architect and bridge builder in Peoria, Illinois, and there he found for the 
first time in his life a real home, one full of sunshine, love and good cheer. 

During the days that followed, Francis received excellent educational 
advantages, and was trained to iialiits of imhistry, thrift and honesty. On 
leaving school, he learned telegra|ili\ . -imixing with an operator at Pekin, 
Illinois, on the old Toledo, Wabasli ami \\'cstern system, and for five years 
w-as a telegrapher, being stationed first at Pekin and later at Decatur, Illi- 
nois. Giving up his position, he was a brakeman on the road for five years, 
when he grew tired of railroading, and sought more congenial employment. 
Wliile doing office work for the railway company, Mr. Legori had acquired a 
good knowledge of bookkeeping, and subsequently became bookkeeper for 
Frank F. Fee, who was then building a lumber plant at Huntington, Indi- 
ana. The association of Messrs. Fee and Legori has since continued, a 
period of more than twenty years, their first meeting having been in ISSS). 

From accountant, Mr. Legori became superintendent of the Frank 

F. Fee Hardwood Lumber Company, and later, in addition to his other 
duties, was put on the road as buyer for the concern. The Fee-Crayton 
Hardwood liUmber Company was afterwards formed at Newark, Ohio, 
whither the plant was moved, and Mr. Legori was made its vice-president. 
In 190G this company was incorporated under the laws of Arkansas, with 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1161 

a paid-up capital of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars and began busi- 
ness in Newport, Mr. Legori having the supervision of its plant in this city, 
where he has already built up an extensive and lucrative business. This 
company, of which Mr. Fee is president, Mr. Legori vice-president, and Mr. 
W. R. Marks secretary and treasurer, has a plant at Dermont, Chicot county, 
while its main office' is at Little Rock. It also has a packet line on the 
White and Black rivers, which was incorporated, with a capital of five 
thousand dollars, under the name of the Newport Packet Company, and of 
this Mr. Legori ia the vice-president and one of the directorate. 

The enviable reputation which Mr. Legori has attained for good citi- 
zenship, manly worth and true ability, bespeaks not only his superior mental 
and business training, but shows conclusively that his natural endowments 
and talents were of a high order and have been wisely developed. 

Mr. Legori married, in Covington. Kentucky, January 18, 1896, Ida 
Smitson, a daughter of Dr. W. H. Smitson, of Oxford, Ohio. Mr. Legori 
is not a member of any religious organization, neither has he any fraternal 
connections. 

Lemuel E. Willis, M. D. A prominent member of the medical fra- 
ternity of Jackson county, Lemuel E. Willis, M. D., has practiced his profes- 
sion in Arkansas for a quarter of a century, and during his long residence 
in Newport has, by his uniform courtesy of manner and promptness in plac- 
ing his services, medical or otherwise, at the disposal of all, gained for 
himself the general respect and good will of the community and built up a 
remunerative patronage. A native of Missouri, he was born July C). 1862, 
in Neosho, where his father. Dr. Virgil A. Willis, was then practis^ing 
medicine. 

The Doctor's grandfather, James Willis, was a native Virginian, but 
as a young man located in Giles county, Tennessee, where he was an exten- 
sive contractor and builder, carrying on a successful business. To him and 
his wife four children were born, as follows : Margaret, who became the wife 
of Sylvester Armentrout, died in Tennessee ; Tillman died unmarried ; Vir- 
gil A., M. D. ; and Mary, wife of Robert Hays, of Scotland county, ilis- 
souri. 

Virgil A. Willis was born in 1835 in Giles county, Tennessee, where he 
received his preliminary education. Preparing himself for a medical career, 
lie entered Vanderbilt University, at Nashville, Tennessee, and there studied 
under the eminent Dr. Paul F. Eaves. Completing his course in that in- 
stitution, he continued his studies at the McDowell School of Medicine in 
Saint Louis, Missouri. Dr. Virgil Willis had not long been established as 
a physician at Neosho, Missouri, when civil war was declared. Enlisting as 
a private in General Price's army, he was subsequently assigned to the sur- 
gical corps, in which he served until the close of the conflict. Very soon 
after his return to Missouri, he moved with his family to Montgomerj' 
county, Missouri, where he continued in active practice until his death, 
which was accidental, he having been drowned, in 1876, while attempting to 
cross a swollen stream near Saint Louis. An active and valued member of 
the Lynden Medical Society, he prepared many papers for its meetings, tak- 
ing advanced grounds upon pgints that have since been admitted by the 
profession. Just prior to his death, in a paper which he read before the 
associatidii. ]\v dcilared the causes of diphtheria and membraneous croup to 
be one ami tlic -.imc but it was nearly forty years later before the profes- 
sion geiierall\- ailiiiitted the truth of his statements. 

At Neosho, Missouri, Dr. Virgil A. Willis married Lucy Phillips, who 
was bom February 81, 1842, and is now living with her son. Dr. Lemuel 
E. Willis, in Newport. Her father, J. P. Phillips, is deceased, as is also his 

Vol. Ill— 5 



11H2 HISTORY OF AK KANSAS 

wife, :\Ir. riiillips having pasr^ed away at thu agu of Liglity-two years, and 
Mrs. Phillips at the age of fifty-two years. Of the uuion of Dr. and Mrs. 
Yirgil A. Willis, three cliildren were boru, namely : Lemuel E., M. D., the 
subject of this sketch; Lucy Alma, wife of Kev. H. M. Sydenstricker, of 
West Point, Mississippi ; and Ford Alexander, M. D., who, as a partner of 
his brother Lemuel E.. was engaged in the practice of his profession in 
Xewport until his death. February -2:^. 1902. But a short time previous to 
his death he married Addii' Simry. 

Having been gradiKHc^l I'lnm a cdllege in Montgomery City, Missouri, 
at the age of sixteen year.-^, Lemuel E. Willis began his preliminary prep- 
aration for entering upon a medical career by attending the Saint Louis 
College of Pharmacy, from which he was graduated. Continuing his resi- 
dence in Saint Louis, he was prescription clerk for four years, first for 
Thomas Halpin and later for John E. Coleman. Li the meantime he 
studied medicine, and in 1886 was graduated with the degree of M. D. from 
the Missouri Medical College. He subsequently spent almost a year as 
interne in a Saint Louis hospital, and Just before leaving that city was 
assistant to Drs. Tuhalsky and Prewett. 

In 1888 Dr. Willis took a course in the Post Graduate School at Saint 
Louis, and subsequently did similar work in Chicago, both at the Post 
Graduate School and at Eush Medical College, besides which he studied in 
that city under two distinguished specialists. A few years later Dr. Willis 
took two courses in the Xew York City Polyclinic, and three courses under 
the emiment surgeons, the Drs. Mayo, of Rochester, Minnesota. Thus 
tho]-(ni>^lil\ ('(nu|]|if(i. ilic l»o(inr li;i- stcadilv forged his way to the front, 
and is now uiir .if ilic |nivni.i-i |ili\-.i( ian> and surgeons of Jackson county. 

Aside I'l'niii ln> reL;iil;ir |ir;i(iiee. Dr. Willis is surgeon, at Newport, 
for biitli the limi .Mniiiitaiii .iml Southern Railway ( 'iini|iaiiy, and for the 
Rock Ishiiid Kailread Cniniiaiiv. He is an eN-ineH.leiit n'f the Jackson- 
County :\Iedieal Sdeiety. ami a member of the Arkansi- State Medical So- 
ciety and of the American Medical Association. He is also a member of 
the associations of surgeons of both the Iron Mountain and Eock Island 
Railway Companies, and a member of the National Association of Rail- 
way Surgeons. He is an alumnus of Washington University. 

Dr. Willis married. May 4, 1887, in Newport, Mattie Elizabeth Orff. 
Her father. Christian Orff, was born near Heidelberg, Germany, and was a 
business man prior to liis settlement, late in life, in Arkansas. Mr. Orff 
married Esther A. Heller, a native of Fort Wayne, Indiana, and they be- 
came the parents of three children, namely: Frank N. Kennan, a pub- 
lisher in Saint Louis ; Addie A., wife of Frank McKinney, proprietor of a 
hotel in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania; and Mrs. Willis. Dr. and Mrs. Willis 
have no children. The Doctor is not connected with any fraternity and is 
not a ])()litician. Religiously lie is a Presbyterian. 

James S. Jone.s. Among the well-known and highly esteemed citi- 
zens of Jackson county, James S. Jones, of Newport, now serving as county 
clerk, holds a noteworthy position. He was born in Haywood county, Ten- 
nessee, June 30, 1845, a son of Pennington Lynch Jones. His grandfa- 
ther, James Jones, the founder of the brancb of the Jones family to which 
he belongs, was an Irishman by birth, and on coming to this country located 
in Mecklenburg county, Virginia. He was well educated, and as a young 
man followed the teacher's profession for several years, afterwards be- 
ing engaged in agricultural pursuits. He married in the Old Dominion a 
Miss Holmes, and thev reared six ehildreii, as follows: Pennington L. ; 
William, who siient his' last years in Dallas county. Arkansas: Isaac died in 



HISTOI^Y OF AKKAXSAS 1163 

Virginia; and Sack H., J<jlm and Samiu'l, all «( wlioin died in Dallas 
county, Arkansas. 

Boni in Mecklenburg county, Virginia, in IMi.tU, Tcnniugton Lynch 
Jones migrated in early life to Tennessee, and after living in Haywood 
county, that state, for a number of years came with his family to Arkansas. 
He established a home in Jackson county, and during the remainder of his 
brief life was engaged in tilling the soil, his death occurring on his farm, 
in 1855, when fifty-five years of age, just two years after his arrival in 
Jackson county, in 1853. He married first Frances Branch, a daughter of 
John Branch. She died in Haywood county, Tennessee, in 18-19, leaving 
two sons, John Pennington and James S. John P., the oldest son, enlisted 
under Captain Robert Anthony and Colonel W. K. Patterson in the Eighth 
Arkansas Infantry, which was a part of Govan's Brigade, and lost his life 
at New Hope church, Georgia, one of the hard-fought battles of the Atlanta 
campaign. Pennington L. Jones married for his second wife Mrs. Julia 
Burnett, and their only child, Charles Daniel, died in childhood. 

Scarce eight years of age when he came with the family to Jackson 
county, James S. Jones received the usual educational advantages of a 
rural community, and during the Civil war left the farm to enter the Con- 
federate army. In 1862 he was a member of the Arkansas Home Guard, 
which was not sent to the front as a body. Therefore, after the fall of Little 
Rock, in 1863, Mr. Jones enlisted in Company G, Thirty-second Arkansas 
Infantry, imder Colonel Lucien C. Gause, who frequently was given com- 
mand of the entire brigade, his regiment being assigned to General 
Churchill's division, in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Being confined 
in the hospital with typhoid fever wliile the battles at Mansfield and Saline 
River were in jirnjire^s. ]\[r. Jones missed some of the more important en- 
gagements in which his ivyiment engaged, and without any incident of spe- 
cial note concluik'il liis si rvice with the fall of the Confederate government, 
his regiment being disbanded at Marshall, Texas, May 22, 1865. 

Resuming then the duties of civil life, Mr. Jones continued farming 
until 1883, when he took up his residence in Newport and became book- 
keeper for a mercantile firm. While in that position, lir ruriiicd a wide 
acquaintance and made strong friendships, and was suh^ (|iiiiitly warmly 
welcomed as a candidate for county office. A firm adhfrriit nf liir Demo- 
cratic partly, he was elected cMiiiiix a-x^sor in 1884, and m 1886 was re- 
elected for another term of twi mmi-. The ensuing twelve years he was an 
accountant in a N^ewport hu-uK -s c-iahlishment, and in ioOO was again 
elected to an official position and served for four years as circuit clerk of 
the county, having been re-elected to the same office in 1902. Resuming his 
duties as accountant in 1901, Mr. Jones continued at his desk until Sep- 
teiiilter. IKOS, when he was returned to the court house as county clerk of 
.la( ks.iii (oiinty, the position which he has since filled, having been chosen 
the scci.imI time in 1910. 

Mr. Jones married, October 11, 1818, near Elgin, Jackson county, 
Arkansas, Lucy Robertson Wilmans, a daughter of James E. Wilmans, who 
came from Meade county, Kentucky, to Jacksonport, Arkansas, in ante- 
bellum days. Mr. and Mrs. Jones liave but cine eliild, Susan Dorsey, now 
wife of H! 0. Walker, M. D., of Newport. 

Fraternally Mr. Jones is a menilier of the .\neient Free and Accepted 
Order of Masons. 

James E. Wilmans. Conspicuous among the energetic and brainy 
men who came into Arkansas just prior to the Civil war, when settlers 
from the East were transferring their homes into the growing West and 
planting-seed that was to infuse new citizenship and new blood in the vari- 



1164 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

ous communities, was James E. Wilmaiis. wlm lias i-diitributed his full share 
in advancing the agricultural and hkii aiii id |ir(.-|ii luy of Jackson county, 
and is now living retired from mtnc Iuwiik-^ in Xcwjiort. He was born, 
November 23, 1829, in Mead. ..hiiiIn. Kdiiu, kv, immi- l'.iaii.lrnluio-, a sou 
of Charles H. AVilmans. Ili- |iai,Tiial -raii.lfariirr. I Iniii-i.li Wihnans, the 
son of a military commandant. \\a,- Ihhh in (Icriiiaiiy. at 1- rank tori on the 
Main, and was there bred and educated. Immigrating when quite young 
to the United States, he lived for a while in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
from there removing to Baltimore, ^laryland. A few years later, when he 
had become fairly established in 1 is Aniianan home, he returned to the 
Fatherland for a visit, and on his riturii \(i\age to Baltimore lost his life 
in a shipwreck. He married, in Philadil|iliia, Elizabeth Banksou, and their 
two children were born in Baltimore. One child died in infancy, while 
the other, Charles H., lived to perpetuate the family name. 

Born in Baltimore, Maryland, September 2, 1797, Charles H. Wilmans 
was educated in his native city. He laecame interested in navigation when 
3'oung, and after locating in Kentucky was successfully engaged in river 
traffic until his death, which was caused, in 1833, in a steamboat accident. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Ann Fontaine, was born in Kentucky, a 
daughter of James T. Fontaine, who was of French lineage. She survived 
her husband, passing away in 1873. Of the four children born of their 
union, only one survives, James E., the subject of thi.s brief personal rec- 
ord. 

Familiar with boating of all kinds from his boyhood, James E. Wil- 
mans began plying the waters of the Ohio. Mississippi and ^\^lite rivers in 
early manhood, in 1847 making a trip to Xew Orleans on a flat boat loaded 
with flour, and later carrying a load of corn over the same course, entering 
quite seriously into the business of water traffic. Subsequently becoming 
master of his own steamboat, ho operated at different points on the rivers 
mentioned aliovf. continuing as a navigating merchant until his vessel was 
lost ou the ^lis>i->i]i|H river. 

In 18.')!i Mr. Wiliiiaiis came to Arkansas, sailing from Brandenburg, 
Kentucky, down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, and up the White to 
Jacksonport, their trip being without untoward incident. Erecting a flour 
mill in Jacksonport, he furnished it with burrs and other up-to-date ma- 
chinery, whiili was liidught by boat from Cincinnati, put it in operation, 
and a year lat.a- -(,|,| ii at an advantage. Mr. Wilmans then embarked in 
mercantile ]iuiMiits. wliicii he carried on successfully until interfered with 
by the breaking out of the Civil war, when, with his family, he took refuge 
in his native state. 

During the war Mr. Wilmans remained neutral. Although opposed to 
secession as a principle, he yet justified the Soutlicrn nsistance of an at- 
tempt to destroy the institution upon which the "^niith \\a- depeudent unless 
a compensation should be made for the loss. He was a man of peace, with- 
out ambition for the lionors of war, and having substituted a white man in 
the ranks of Uic Confederate army before leaving Arkansas, he demoiif-trated 
his imjiartiality by fui'iiishing a Idack man for the Union army after he 
got back to Kentucky, thus enlisting by proxy in both armies and bidding 
them good luck in settling the family quarrel. 

Returning after the restoration of peace to Arkansas, ilr. Wilmans 
resumed his nienantilc lni-iiirss at Elgin, Jackson county, remaining there 
until IS.SO, when lir si ttji'd in N'ewport, where he is now spending his days 
in leisure, enjoving tlie IVuiis of his earlier years of toil. In his political' 
aiTiliations once a AVhiij, ilr. Wilmans became identified with the Demo- 
crats upon the dissolution of that party, and when, many years ago, the issue 
of the saloon became prominent, he became a Prohibitionist. He* has been 



HISTOT?Y OF ARKANSAS 1165 

active in mimicipal affairs, serving six years as mayor of the city, and in 
about 1896 was honored by the Prohibition party of Arkansas with the 
nomination for governor of the state. A member of the Masonic order, he 
has taken the degrees of the Blue Lodge and of the Chapter. Religiously 
he is a member of the Jlethodist Episcopal church, South, and has taught 
his children the importance of an upright life. 

In Breckinridge county, Kentucky, April 4, 1850, Mr. Wilmans was 
united in marriage with Matilda T. Robertson, a daughter of Richard T. 
and Susan L. Robertson, natives of Kentucky. On April 4, 1900, Mr. 
and Mrs. Wilmans had the pleasure of celebrating the fiftieth anniversary 
of their wedding day. On February 2, 1902, Mrs. Wilmans passed to the 
life beyond. Xine children were born to Mr. and JMrs. Wilmans, namely : 
Lucy R.ilicrtsnii. wife of J. S. Jones, of Xi'wp.iit : Charles H. died in New- 
port, ill I'.Miti. |ia\ing no children; Susan i;. Ikti-mh. wife of Ignatius 
Spriggs. .,[ Diaz; Richard T. died while in rnllru,.; Mrs. Mildred A. Dor- 
sey, of Newport; .James Smith, head of the lirm of Wilman Brothers, of 
Diaz; Edward B^, also of that firm; Elizabeth Beatty, wife of Walter Har- 
ris, of Diaz; and Robert Dorsey, of the firm of Wilman Brothers, of Diaz. 

Richard Jackson. Numbered among the older and more prominent 
residents of Greene county is Richard Jackson, who has for numy years 
been identified with the promotion of business affairs in and around Para- 
gould, his home town, and is widely known as agent of the Saint Louis, 
Iron Mountain and Southern Railroad lands. A native of Missouri, he 
was born October 12, 1843, in Stoddard county, where he was bred and 
educated. 

John J. Jackson, his father, was born in Tennessee, in 1823, and spent 
a part of his early life in Davidson county, Tennessee. Migrating from 
there to Missouri, he became a pioneer of Stoddard county, living there 
until after the breaking out of the Civil war. Siding then with the South 
in its political differences with the North, he found it somewhat difficult 
to maintain his position in Stoddard county, in which the Union sentiment 
largely prevailprl, and sought a more friendly community in Gainesville, 
then tlic I (aiiii\ si at of Greene county, Arkansas. Although he did not him- 
self enter tln' ('(iiiri'derate army, he furnished four sons for the ranks. He 
continued lii.s uccupation as a citizen in Greene county until his death, in 
1886. He was for many years an active member of the Democratic party, 
and while living in Missouri was high sheriff of Stoddard county. 

The maiden name of the wife of John J. Jackson was Emily Mont- 
gomery, to whom he was married in Savannah, Tennessee. She died in 
Gainesville, Arkansas, in 1881. They were the parents of seven children, 
including James, who served the South as a soldier, was a merchant by oc- 
cupation, and died in Greene county, Arkansas, leaving a family ; Richard, 
the subject of this brief sketch; John F., also a soldier in the Confederate 
army, died in Greene county, leaving a family ; and Isaah, who was the 
fourtl,,Jjon to wear the gray in those dark days between 1861 and 1865. 

As a young man Richard Jackson responded to the call of Governor 
Jackson, of Missouri, for troops when war seemed inevitable, and was a 
member of the Missouri State Guard for a short time before being mus- 
tered into the regular Confederate service. Belonging to the Fourth Mis- 
souri Cavalry, Mr. Jackson served under Colonel John C. Burbridge, his 
regiment being assigned to General Clark's bi-igade and General Mar- 
maduke's division. He took part in the Price raid, was wounded in the en- 
gagement at Pilot Knob, after whic h Iw worked his way back to the Con- 
federate lines under a parole, but \\as (li>aliliMl for further military duty 
during the conflict. Joining his paicnN ai ilieir new home in Arkansas, 



llb'6 HISTORY OF AEKAXSA8 

;Mr. Jackson soon afterward embarked in mercantile pursuits in Gaines- 
ville, becoming head of the firm of Jackson & Company. Such success at- 
tended the efforts of this company as to warrant an expansion of the busi- 
ness, and it was incorporated under the name of the Jackson Dry Goods 
Company, and in 1890 was moved to Paragonld. In 1S0(; :\lr. Jackson dis- 
posed of his interests in the firm, and devoted hi> tiiiu' and energies to the 
selling of railroad lands, a business with which Ik liad previously been con- 
nected for a number of years and which wa:- di'inanding liis serious atten- 
tion. 

In 1882 the Saint Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway Com- 
pany had induced Iklr. Jackson to become their agent for the sale of the 
company's lands in Green and other counties, and during the years that 
have since el;i|i-iil tlic vast domain granted the company as a bonus for 
building the ii'id !i.i- licm. practically, all sold, a few odds and ends only 
remaining bctnrc tlic -unt donation will be back into the hands of the-peo- 
ple. During the building of the Iron Mountain Eailroad, Mr. Jackson 
furnished timber and ties for its construction, establishing a large busi- 
ness, which he has continued until the present time. 

■V\Tien in 1901 the PnniL'onld Hank nf ( '..niiiirrn' \v;i> in a fonnative 
state, Mr. Jackson gave giMi.i'nu- -ii|i|"M'I in tin- .-i.ilili-hinrnt of the insti- 
tution, and has served as ii- \ k (-iirc-nlcnt snur its nigam/.ation. His ac- 
tivity in the upbuilding of I'aragould is evidenced in the erection of the 
two-story brick block in which he maintains his office, and of the adjoining 
building occupied by the government as a post office, while his dwelling 
hfuise on Emerson street niark-^ his contrihution to tbe residential district 
of the city. 

Mr. Jackson married, in April, ISliT. Jennie Sirilnian, who was born in 
North Carolina, in 18-4.5, and came to Arkansas with her mother, Mrs. Sallie 
Stedman. Si.x children have been born of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Jack- 
son, namely: Clara, wife of Dr. Robinson, of El Paso, Texas; Frances, 
wife of H. Q. Donaldson, of Paragould ; Arthur W., of Paragould, is a civil 
engineer ; Emma, living in El Paso, Texas ; JMargaret, who died in Septem- 
ber, 1909; and Mabel, living with her parents. A stanch Democrat in his 
political relations, Mr. Jackson has done duty as a delegate to state con- 
ventions of his party, where he has met and communed with the leaders of 
]iolitical thought and action in Arkansas. 

Thojias F. Hudson, slicfift and tax cnllcctor of Arkansas county, 
is uenerally ccuiceded to ))e the i-ii;ht man in the right place. Perhaps 
to ;nri\e at the truth more closely, Mr. Hudson would be the right man 
for the i)lace as the incumbent of any position of trust, his ideas of civic 
faithfulness being of the highest possible character. By the circum- 
stance of birth he is a native of the state of Mississippi, his nativity 
having occurred near Aberdeen, in Monroe county, on the 16th day of 
February, l^.i;!. His parents were Beasly AY., a native of Georgia, 
and Julia A. (Keatoni. a native of ^Mississippi. Both jtarents are 
deceased. 

Young Hudson obtained his education in the public schools of the 
locality in which his youth was passed and some time previous to his 
majoi-ity he became identified with Arkansas county, Arkansas. He 
became interested in the agi-icultural development of the state and has 
back of him a record of twenty useful and active years as a farmer and 
overseer. He still conducts a farming estate, and his progressive 
methods have been ccowned with success. 

It is perhaps through his e(mneetion with pnl)lic snvire that .Mr. 
Hudson is best known. The first service thai he rcmli red the eountv 




0( J^ , .i^^i^^.^.^^.-.^^, 



HISTORY OF AKKAXSAS 1167 

was in the capacity of deputy sheriff under L. C. Smith, his appoint- 
ment coming in November, 1894. Recommended by liis faithfulness in 
that office, he received marked proof of the community's favor and 
approval by his election as assessor, and he held this office for four years. 
He then made the race for sheriff and collector and was elected, and so 
well has he conducted the affairs of his office, and so satisfactory has 
been his sen'ices, that the voters of the county renominated him at the 
spring primaries to fill this important position another term, it having 
been generally recognized that it was his aim at all times to uphold 
the law and discli.iii^c his duties fearlessly. In polities he is a stanch 
advocate of tin iinlhns ,-md principles promulgated by the Democratic 
party, for wlm^' mliivsts he is ever ready to be at any personal sacrifice. 

Mr. Hudson derives much pleasure from his lodge relations and 
through them he has an even wider acquaintance than he might other- 
wise possess. He is a Woodman of the World and a member of the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

Mr. Hudson has been twice married. His first union was with 
ilattie C. Pike and was solemnized in the year 1877. The wife died 
in 1887, the mother of four children : May, Willie, Thomas B. and 
John. His second marriage was in 1889, to Lucy John Pike, a sister of 
his first wife, and to them have been born thi'ee children : Glenn, Lucius 
and Eulalia. 

Joseph AV. Rhodes i.~ an extensive farmer and merchant at Golden 
Lake and makc< hi- irsidcmi' .it <»-, mlii. He is an ex-county officer and is 
president of tlir citizen-' il.mk of (iM.nla. He has been a res^ident of Mis- 
sissippi county Hiiei' ls;(;, in wjiirli year he abandoned a river service of 
three years and took charge of the landing at Golden Lake and established 
a little store there. Although he had attained much experience in his 
rambles as a young man, he had not upon locating in Golden Lake com- 
munity gone far from his native heath, for he was born in Hinds county, 
Mississippi. His natal day was December 28, 1851, and his father, Henry 
David Rhodes, migrated with his family to Texas, passing a few years in 
Colorado county and passing away in Fayette county in 1866. The senior 
Rhodes was born in Xorth Carolina, spent his life there as a farmer and 
stock man, served a few months in the Texas militia during the war and 
died at the age of forty-eight years. He married Mary B. Wicks, and she 
after the death of her husband brought her children back to Tennessee and 
made it her future home. She died in Memphis in 1891. Eleven children 
were born of this union and ten grew to maturity. Those now living are 
Harry W., a lawyer at Galveston, Texas; Mrs. James A. Cole, of German- 
town, Tennessee: John B., of Memphis; Joseph W., of Osceola, Arkansas; 
and Matilda, wife of S. T. Smithers, of Golden Lake, Arkansas. 

Joseph W. Rhodes passed ten years of his life on the prairies of Texas 
and was sixteen years of age when the family returned to Tennessee and 
stopped at Germantown. He secured his education in the country schools 
and during his minority engaged in farm work. When he began upon a 
business career, it was as a bookkeeper at Bay SpriiiLi^. Ali-^issippi, in the 
cotton factory at that place. Leaving there he tn.ik In- plaee as shipping 
clerk with a wholesale grocery at Memphis and suli>ec|iieiiil\ clerked in the 
office of the Memphis & Charleston Railway. In 1876 he was induced to 
become a clerk for one of the boats of the Andrews and Joplin line of Mis- 
sissippi packets, and was engaged in traffic between Memphis and Ashport 
during the succeeding three years. 

As previously mentioned, the year 1876 marks the beginning of Mr. 
Rhodes' career in Mississippi county. At that time Golden Lake was merely 



1168 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

a landing for the accommodation of the small farmer trade scattered along 
the banks of the river and extending back into the heavy woodland to 
Frenchman's Bayou. Its importance was to dejoend upon the energy which 
the land owners displayed in clearing up and planting adjacent lands. The 
development of this tract into a vast producing area came about and Mr. 
Rhodes contributed a modest share to this. While carrying on useful oper- 
ations as a merchant, he has seen the forest disappear from a thousand acres 
of land which he now owns and is having tilled. He has built a gin and 
grist-mill for the convenience and accommodation of the locality and he has 
increaMMl the l)u^iness of his store to twcniv-livf tlnuwand dollars a year. 

Ill ]'Mi-: Mr. Rhodes entered the poliiic- 'il tin , ,,unty as a Democratic 
candidiiic Inr m, uit clerk and recorder ami \\a- i I., u-d, but the incumbent 

of tl Hi' 1 n I'n-dl til MiiTi'mlci- p()"r.->i>>n until the contest for |l.l^-l•^^i(ln 

was (l.vidiil liv the cniiri-. wliirh i(.ii-iiiiird the official term. \\v w.t- minted 
again iii MHii ami succivil, ,1 luin-cir ii, lOOH, serving in all iour vars and 
giving a most able and sati^lai lnr\ pi limiiiance of duty. The contest he 
made with C. S. Driver for ihr i.Hir, , oii>i mitid one of the famous suits of 
its character in the state, ami ilir lialilc I.t the fees of office of that dis- 
puted term is still waging in the courts. 

.\fter retiring from office Mr. Rhodes resumed active management of 
his commercial, agricultvtral and stock interests at Golden Lake. His ex- 
periments with alfalfa and hogs i)roved to be a profitable one, the popular 
hay of the arid regions of the irrigating country having become one of the 
factors which make farming along the :Mississippi pay. The subject in 
addition to the interests already mentioned has others of large scope and 
importance, being a stockholder in the Osceola Compress Company, the 
Cotton Oil Mill, the Mississippi Valley Life Insurance Company of Little 
Rock and the Citizens' Bank of Osceola, of wliicli latter institution he is 
president. 

On September 4, 1877, Mr. Rhodes was united in marriage near Bart- 
lett, Tennessee, to Miss Clara M. Pulliam, a daughter of Elijah and Ame- 
lia Pulliam. The issue of this happy union are: Lucy, wife of Dr. C. M. 
Harwell, of Osceola; J. W., Jr.; Charles Robert, and :Miss Ella Nelson. 
All the family are well and favorably known and hold high place in the 
best social life of the community, in w^hich their interests are centered. Jlr. 
Rhodes is one of the most prominent of Arkansas Masons and has taken all 
the degrees in this time-honored order, including the Cdiiiiiiaiid. r\ . Knights 
Templar. He is one whose social proclivities are sullli imtlv -.•luiine to 
make him enjoy to the utmost fellowship and fraternity, and his affilia- 
tions in addition to the one mentioned are with the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, the Knights of Pythias, the Knights of Honor and 
the Woodmen of the World. 

Wii.i.iA.M H. CiiASTAi.v. The mercantile and lonimereial life of a com- 
munity is extremely important, constituting not only a criterion of its de- 
velopment and progress but contributing to or hindering in great measure 
its prosperity. In the mercantile life of Newport Mr. Chastain stands as 
one (if ilif ri|nv>('ntative men, and he is a valuable factor in >nii,ly frmn 
the ad.litmiial fart that he is signally loyal to the duties and iv-.|h,ii>iliilii ics 
of ciiiziai^liiii. He is one of the early merchants of Newport, ami when ln> 
began his career here in 1879 the busy metropolis of today was largely a 
cane-brake. Since that date, which is to say for the last thirty-two years, 
he has witnessed marvelous change and dcvelojnnent and has taken a modest 
but elV.rtual part in its daily life. He eame out of Oil Trough bottom, 
wherr he had h.catrd aliiM.st a d.vad.. hidoiv as a y.mlli just attained to 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS libit 

his majority. He is one of the noble army of self-made men and he began 
life at the very bottom of the ladder. 

Mr. Chastain was born in what is now Hiawa&sa county, Georgia, Feb- 
ruary 2G, 1851. His experience as a student in the public schools ended 
when he was a lad ten years of age, times being hard and there being no 
arguing with necessity. While a young man living in the Oil Trough bot- 
tom Mr. Chastain began to realize that he needed more education. One of 
the first big projects with, which he was identified, while not entirely disin- 
terested, was at the same time creditable. He advanced arguments show- 
ing that a new school district should be forraed'in Oil Trough which should 
be more accessible and convenient than the mother district to certain pupils, 
himself included, for he wanted to be able to attend school and at the same 
time be able to continue his work, the latter phase of the matter being 
unavowed, however. Opposition to his plan developed, as opposition al- 
ways does when new districts are to be created, and he employed a lawyer to 
aid him, with the result that his point was eventually gained. Wlien all 
was ready for the first term of school in the new educational mecca he 
placed his name on the roll and started to attend. Being past school age, 
his enemies in the fight for a new district objected to his being educated 
at public expense and he was denied admission ; being unable to pay tuition 
he began farming and made the best use of his childhood education. If 
worsted in a iim.-t laudable desire to drink deeper at the fount of knowledge, 
he hail ai l.a.-t assumed the role of a public benefactor and had secured a 
much iH'tMlcd ni'u district. It is pleasant to reflect that a man of this type 
was eventually able to triumph over circumstances and is the possessor of 
wide information. 

For a number of years and indeed until his advent in Newport Mr. 
Chastain was identified with the Oil Trough community. He worked 
by the month; made a crop on the shares and finally rented land, as the 
situation compelled him to do, when his landlord demanded double rents 
for the lands upon which his young and ambitious tenant was producing 
tvco crops. Eventually he abandoned the uncertain fortunes of agriculture 
and with the small savings of almost a decade he came to Newport and 
established himself in the grocery business on Front street, his capital stock 
comprising two hundred and fifty dollars. For some time his store was on 
the corner occupied by the Arkansas Bank & Trust Company, and when he 
was forced to move from that location he took his old frame building to the 
site of his business house. From 1883 until 1901 he carried on business 
in the old frame building and in the latter year, finding himself upon a 
more substantial footing, he erected the Chastain Block, a two-story double 
brick and one of the best business houses in Newport. The building cov- 
ers one hundred by one hundred and fifty feet of ground, with offices above 
and market and grocery below. Until 1908 he conducted business in the 
two departments, grocery and meat market, but in that year he disposed of 
his grocery stdck and cDiitinued liis active connection only with the latter. 

Mr. Chastain lia- linn signally successful and his interests extend in 
several imporlant riiainirls. When his business expanded he engaged in 
feeding stock for his own use and for shipment to other markets. He 
owns a farm near the city, which serves him as a feeding ground and upon 
which is also raised grass and corn forage for his stock. This business 
and that of his market go hand in hand and each is somewhat dependent 
upon the other. In the expansion of Newport he has taken a most im- 
portant part and the city owes much to him. Chastain's Addition was 
purchased by him, laid oft" into more than one hundred lots and sold to 
buyers and improvers, and now constitutes an attractive and well-estab- 
lished part of the city. He has fine executive capacity, keen vision and 



1170 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

siiuiid judgment and his ideas have a gratifying way of becoming actual- 
ities. 

Tiie Chastian family is one of Southern origin. His father, Calvin 
C'hastian, was bom in 1820 in Xorth Carolina, and his vocation during his 
active life was that of a farmer. The elder Mr. Chastain brought his 
family to Arkansas in the year 1S52 and eventually located in Clerburue 
county, where in the vicinity of Heber he still resides. Although the na- 
tive county of the subject was Union at the time of the Civil war, his 
father was a Secessionist and was an Arkansas soldier of the Confederate 
service, being under Genei'als Marmaduke and Price, ii.iitiriiiaiin^ in the 
famous Price raid and closing his service in the Tran>-\l i — i — iiipi depart- 
ment. In Clerburne county this venerable gentleman ha- mtmmI as post- 
master of DeKalb and has filled the office of justice of the peace. 

Calvin Chastain first married ^lartha Garrett, who died in 1855. The 
i.ssue of the imion were Rebecca, who married Z. X. Dill and resides in 
Clerburne county, Arkansas ; James, who died in 1855 ; Calvin, of Bates- 
ville, Arkansas, a soldier of the Confederacy; William B., of this notice; 
Sarah J., wife of Isaac W. Snelsou. His second \\ ife was a Miss Dill and 
t!u' children resultant from their union were ,lcs>c. of Oklahoma; Adaline, 
wife of William Foust : Cynthia, wife of Wat Da\i-: 'ni.nnas. of Clerburne 
county; Joseph, who passed away there; and ^larmn. a laiiiier living near 
Heber, Arkansas. 

On January 6, 18T2, .Mr. Chastaii! \^•a^ married at Oil Trough to 
ilary Caroline Jackson, daughter of James P. Jackson, and a native of 
Alabama. Mrs. Chastain died on September 1 of that same year. 

Mr. Chastain, who is an enthusiastic lodge man, was a charter mem- 
ber of Foi-titude lodge of the Masonic order, since consolidated with New- 
port lodge and called Jackson lodge. - He has taken all the degrees of the 
Scottish Rite and has been a member of the Arkansas Grand Lodge. 
He has been an alderman of Newport and has at all times assisted his fel- 
low citizens in the planning and development of a city where cane once 
grew, and that not so long ago. He was one of those who brought about 
the organization of the Farmers" Bank and is one of its board of directors. 

James C. Hootkx. Doubtless one of the best known men of Poinsett 
county is James C. Hooten, who' is sheriff of the county, the leading mer- 
chant of Deckerville, and one of the most extensive and progressive agri- 
culturists of that part of the state. He was born October 31, 1876, in 
Blount county, Alabama, and spent his early life in his native state. 

Thomas B. Hooten, his father, was a farmer by occupation and a life- 
long resident of Alabama. Enlisting in a Confederate regiment during the 
Civil war, he served in the Army of Alabama, taking an active part in 
many of the more important battles of the conflict, including those at 
Shiloh and Chickamauga. He was twice married. He married first Emma 
Hill, who died in 1888. Eight children were born of their union, as fol- 
liiws: i.('\onia, wife of D. D. White, of Tyronza, Arkansas; Dora, who 
married .1. A. Northcott, died in Waterloo, Alabama; Wesley W., of Dennis, 
Mississippi; James C, the special subject of this brief personal record; 
AltJia, wife of Edward Condrey, of Waterloo, Alabama; Rosa, wife of 
Will Condrey, of Waterloo; Cleveland died in childhood; and Bertha, wife 
of John Wilson, of Harrisburg. He married for his second wife Delia 
Bishop, and they became the parents of one cliild, Cecil. 

Spending his youthful days in Waterloo, Alabama, James C. Hooten 
was educated in the common schools, an J at the age of sixteen years began 
the battle of life on his own account. Going first to Hunt county, Texas, 
he worked as a farm laborer for four years. In 1896, while en route to iiis 



ITTSTORY OF ARKAXSAS 1171 

old home, he stopped in Poiu;^ett oouiity, Arkansas, and being pleased with 
the country roundabout and its agricultural possibilities, took up farming 
near Marked Tree. He succeeded well in his undertakings, and from time 
to time bought more land, having now title to six hundred acres, one-half 
of which is under culture, and is one of the largest cotton producers of this 
region. Enterprising and progressive, Mr. Hooten ventured into other 
lines of industry, and in addition to farming is carrying on an extensive 
and lucrative mercantile business in Deckerville, under the firm name of 
.1. ('. Jlooten, which has the village trade. He is also one of the owners 
of the Whitton Telephone Company, of Deckerville. 

Mr. Hooten is a valueil micmiIhi- nf tlie Democratic party, and in liUO 
became actively interested in |iolitii -. .md as an aspirant for the office of 
sheriff of Poinsett county was iinnniiatcd for the position, without a strug- 
gle, in the primary, and in the election held a very few weeks later de- 
feated his Republican opponent at the polls by a majority of more than 
five hundred votes and took the office in N^ovember of that year, succeeding 
J. A. Bradsher, of Harrisburg. Praternallv Mr. Hooten is a member of 
Jonesboro Herd, No. 498, B. P. 0. E. 

Mr. Hooten married, June 24, 1900, at Tyronza, Arkansas, Ethel 
^[orelock, who died June 17, ]906, leaving one child, Ollie. On April, 19, 
1908, Mr. Hooten was united in marriage with Pearl Shaw, a daughter of 
Charles R. Shaw, of Waterloo, Alabama, and their only child is a little 
daughter named Vertie ^[ayflower. 

Oscar D. Longstreth. One of the prominent, iMpular and gifted 
young citizens of Little Rock is Oscar D. Longstreth, who in times past 
has been known as a particularly able educator, but who, if training and 
capacity count for aught, will be known in days to come as one of the 
representative members of the bar of Arkansas. The year 1911 marks the 
line of division between these two careers, Mr. Longstreth at this time 
finally abandoning the work of instruction to devote his energies to the 
law. Of vigorous intellect, wide information and a concise and lucid gift 
of language, combined with a prepossessing personality, as a member of the 
law firm of Swain & I.,ongstreth he has gained instant recognition as one 
of the promising members of the bar of Arkansas. In addition to his 
reputation as a college and high school professor, Mr. Longstreth is a 
well-known athletic authority. 

Oscar D. Longstreth was born in iluscatine, Iowa, on the 4th day of 
September, 187G, a son of J. R. and Phoebe Longstreth. He was reared on 
an Iowa farm. Being thrown upon his own resources flhen fifteen years 
of age, he early realized the advantage of a thorough education. Returning 
to the city of his birth, by working nights as an assistant at the light and 
street raiiwax ]ilaiii he was able to attend school and to graduate from the 
Muscat I III' liiuh >. hool in 1895. With the idea of becoming an instructor, 
he took a -iiccial normal school training course in 1*896 and was graduated 
from the Iowa State Teachers' College at Cedar Falls in 1898, receiving 
the degree of M. Di. (Master of Didactics) from that well-known insti- 
tution. His education, in fact, has been of the most thorough sort, 
and should he wish he might boast of many degrees, for he received from 
the University of Iowa the degree of Bachelor of Science in 1904 and that 
of Master of Arts in 1906. Early in his career as a teacher he became im- 
bued with the idea of entering the law and planned one-half of his under- 
graduate courses to that end. After one year in an Iowa law office, he 
finished his law studies in the Universitv of .Arkansas at Little Rock, from 
which he was onuliiated as president of the class in 1908. with the de-jree 
of LL. 15. 



117-_' HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

In glautiiig iu retrospect over Mr. Longstreth's pedagogical career, we 
tiud tliat for a number of years he was an especiallj' successful teacher and 
college professor in Iowa and Arkansas, he having established his perma- 
nent residence in the latter state in the year 1905. As a student he sjje- 
cialized in science fand he is particularly well schooled in chemical and 
mechanical engineering. All of his work, however, has been done with 
the idea of leading up to the profession of law, the practice of which he be- 
gan actively at Little Rock in 1911, as before mentioned. He acts in the 
belief that thorough preparation and hard work will bring success. 

Mr. Longstreth is a widely known authority on college athletics, being 
president of the Arkansas Athletic Association of Schools and Colleges, 
of which he was one of the principal organizers and which through his fos- 
tering has been recognized as the stronge-t ni-oanizatiou of its class in the 
I'liited States, it having produced some nuinlilr aiii.itiur athletes. He is also 
a leading figure in the Arkansas Inter-Si Im.il Cuitcst Association, which 
holds contests in oratory, mtisic, recitation, declamation, spelling and draw- 
ing once each year in connection with state field meet. These contests have 
become notable events in state educational circles. In truth, Mr. Long- 
streth has been interested in amaiiui- athletics since early boyhood. He be- 
gan his athletic career in thr Mn-iaiiue Y. M. C. A. and high school, and 
as ciuarter back on the colli j:. inoiliall team succeeded in placing his team 
in the lead, and later, as a footliall coach, he became one of the most suc- 
cessful in the state. As a coach and athletic director, he branched out into 
track athletics, basket ball and general athletics, and has become widely 
known for his efficiency as such. Teams under his coaching, particularly 
track, football and basket ball teams, won state championship recognition 
for several years. Mr. Longstreth's value to the students who have been 
fortunate enough to come min inntait with liini has by no means been 
limited to one field, for lir lia- lik.\iiM lin ii rxiivin.'ly successful in train- 
ing and preparing coUeav (IrliaiinL; i Inlis lni- mtiriollegiate debates. 

In 190:. ilic <nliji'. 1 ivinovi'd from Iowa to Little Rock and took the 
position of pinlV-MT .if mi. m .^ and director of athletics in Little Rock high 
school, and lit' lirld ilii- position until 1908, when he was given the same 
position in the Arkansas State Normal School at Conway. He remained 
with the latter institution until the close of the school year in 1911, as 
chairman of the Faculty. He is a member of the Iowa Academy of Sci- 
ences and Arkansas Polytechnic Society. While captain of Company B, 
Iowa State Normal School Cadet Battalion, the company maintained the 
pleasant distinction of being the best drilled cadet company in the state, 
and this secured for him a cadet captain's commission from the govern- 
ment. 

On the 28th day of November, 1900, :Mr. Longstreth laid the founda- 
tion of a happy married life by his union in Muscatine, Iowa, to Miss May 
Eva Bast, who was born in Wisconsin and reared in Iowa, and who is a 
daughter of Nicholas and Katheriue Bast. Mr. and Mrs. Longstreth share 
their cultured and delightful abode with four promising young sons and 
one daughter, namely: Frederick Bast, Zonola May, Wilbur E., Alvin 
Elbert and Noel Nicholas. 

In addition to the connections above leroidcd, Mr. Longstreth is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal chunh and the ^^ M. ('. A. and has 
numerous fraternal affiliations with orders of world-wide existence. He 
finds pleasure and profit in his association with the time-honored Masonic 
order, the Moose Lodge and the Ancient Order of ITnited Workmen. He 
is also an honorary member of the Stationary Engineers' Association of 
America, and is chairman of the Boosters' Committee of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation of the Law Department of the University of Arkansas. In short 



lilSTOKY OF ARKANSAS 117:5 

Mr. Longstreth ii^ a most popular aiiJ influential member of society and has 
a wide acquaintanee with tiie most representative people throughout the 
state. 

Richard Calhoun Rose is the general manager of the Tri-State Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Company at Osceola, and is variously connected with 
other substantial interests of JMississippi enunty. He was born in Gallia 
county, Ohio, October 6, 18T2, and lii> aiiir,-tr\. which is of English origin, 
touches the Colonial epoch of our mitiimal hi>inry, there having been many 
generations of Roses, good men and true in "the land of the free and the 
home of the brave." The father, Charles Allen Rose, who resides at Bid- 
well, Ohio, near Gallipolis, was born near Lynchburg, Virginia, in 1845, 
and came to the Buckeye state during the period of the Civil war. The 
elder man had been an iron worker in early life, employed about the old 
furnaces at Ironton. Keystone and Buckeye, Ohio, but his later years have 
been devoted to tlir <jr(',it basic industry, agriculture. He married Almira 
Calhoun, dauglit. r .ii Kn hard Calhoun, of the South Carolina branch of 
that eminent Aiin'i iraii I'.iiiiily. Mrs. Rose died in 1898, at the age of forty- 
ciiiht \('ar>. the iikmIhi' nf ^(■\ell sni\s, four of whom survive: Richard C, of 
()-( cnhi ; Sliciiiiaii ami .la. k>oii. farmers and saw-mill men of Mississippi 
eiiunly. Aikan>a,-; ami .lame.-, who remains at Gallipolis, Ohio. 

Richard ('. \',"~r n., ived his education while a youth upon the farm, 
subsequently hiiiiMlf lakiii^ his position behind the pedagogical desk and 
proving an exeelli iit >iIhi,p1 teacher, and attending Holbrook Normal Uni- 
versity at Lebanon, Ohio, shortly after, his earnings as a school teacher 
being devoted to his higher education. He removed from Ohio to Tennes- 
see and there again engaged in educational work as president of tlie Pure 
Fountain Xormal University at Smithville, which position he retained for 
three years. 

A wide-awake, alert, observant young fellow, Mr. Rose became im- 
pressed with the need of telephone service in that locality and informed 
himself in the science which promised for lum the opening of a new field 
of enterprise. Soon he assisted in the formation of a company and con- 
structed lines and exchanges and entered actively into the operation of the 
new system. He was made local manager of the exchange at Covington, 
-Tipton county, Tennessee, the same being a part of the Cumberland Tele- 
phone System. Some time later he disposed of his interests there and came 
to Arkansas to infuse with new life the telephone industry in Mississippi 
county. 

In his ijew home Mr. Rose found three telephone companies in a rud- 
derless condition in Mississippi county, these suffering from lack of manage- 
ment and in dire need of a positive directing force to make tliem profitable, 
healthful concerns. These companies were the Osceola Telephone Com- 
pany ; the Arkansas and Tennessee Telephone Company and the Arkansas, 
Missouri T('lc|ilioiu' Company. These tin- 
his assonat.'s int.. the Tri-State Telrpl,,,,,, 
began upnu iis car.'er with the follow in^i n 
president; G. H. Gaylnid. \ i(i-|)ir-Mlriii ; , 
tary. The company o| hi a; c- in ilic -lair- 
souri, has six exchaii,L;r-. a ilinii^and slat 
system at Jonesboro and with the Cumlji 
nessee, crossing the Mississippi river at Rii hanl-nn ,,\(.|' us .i\,u wire. 

Since his advent in Arkansas in VJO'i. Mi'. iln<i' lia> aciiuired various 
other interests, being a director of the Citizens" Bank of Osceola and hold- 
ing stock in various other financial concerns of the county. He has aided 
in the happiest fashion in the material growth of Osceola by the erection 



e merged by Mr. Rose and 
tiuiy and the new company 
: W. J. Driver, of Osceola, 


|ilai 
n.l , 


r,n at Mrm 


im-s. secre- 
• ami Mis- 
1 the Bell 
phis. Ten- 



1174 lllSToltY OF AKKAXSAS 

of liome? for the tenant )io|iiil;inoii ; Ik was ,i iiirmluT of the commission 
wliich drilled the deep well .iml |i.tIi rinl ihr \\:\\<-r workt; plant of the city; 
he is president of the Busiiu'-- .Men',- Lcmiiih' ni o-mpla; he is a member of 
the good rii.i'l- ;i--n(j;;tinii ; ]> a iliirctMi of ilic Al i>.-issippi Valley Life In- 
surance ('oiM[iaii\ ; ]\r hrlpril ,iiu:iiii/,r ilir Mi>-i-,-ippi Valley Telephone 
Association at Cap.' Ciraiili an, Ali-Huiii; ami he lias served on the Osceola 
City C'oiuuil. ilr. Kose was chosen jjrLsideut of the Mississippi Valley 
Telephone Association in 1910, and entertained the association that year 
in Osceola with a great banquet, and was elected to succeed himself as presi- 
dent in 1911. 

As a fraternity man, ^Mr. Eosc is a past noble grand in Odd Fellow- 
shij), is a past chancellor of the Knights of Pythias and is atKliated with 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks." 

On December 2?, 1900, Mr. Rose was happily married in Murfrees- 
boro, Tennessee, Miss Catherine B. Xichol, daughter of Captain J. W. 
Niehol, becoming his wife. Captain Nichol was an officer in the Confed- 
erate army during the Civil war. Mr. and Mrs. Kose share their charming 
and hos]iitable home with one son — Eichard Charles. They are members 
of the C'hristian church. 

Wilkes B. Armstrong is one of Lake City's [)romiuent men and 
holds the position of cashier of the Bank of Lake City, one of the 
monetary institutions which emphasize and exert marked influence in 
conserving the financial stability and commercial prestige of the city. 
Not only has he the natural gifts of an able and discriminating finan- 
cier, but he is also a leader and his counsel is much valued by the fore- 
mo.st in Democratic politics in the locality, where he has more than 
once given efficient service as an official, and he alsii stands as one of 
the extensive farmers of the locality. 

Mr. Armstrong is a native of Craighead county, his birth having 
occurred some four miles south of the little cit}% April 18, 1869. He re- 
ceived a part of his public school education in the schools of Jonesboro 
and he remained upon the old homestead until his marriage, when he 
established a new home close by and added his efforts to the improve- 
ment of that locality until the year 1894. . In that year he entered 
local polities as a candidate for county a.ssessor, was nominated and 
duly elected, and having served one terai, he went back to his country 
home. In 1900 he was appointed deputy sheriff by Sheriff Burk and 
served four years. In 1904 he was nominated for county and probate 
clerk and was elected, succeeding John B. Gregson to the office. He 
was his own siiccessor two years later and after four years he retired 
and was succeeded by Rufus L. Collins. 

Upon returning to private life Mr. Armstronii' went to Lake City 
and resumed personal supervision of his increased and growing farm- 
ing interests, and these, in connection with his duties as cashier of the 
Bank of Lake Cit.v, now absorb his time to the exclusion of many other 
affairs. The Bank of Lake City was organized in 1910 and began busi- 
ness on June 25 of that year with a capital of twenty thousand dollars. 
Of this institution W. T. Lane, of Jonesboro, is president ; Dr. H. H. 
McAdams is vice-president, and IMr. Armstrong is ea.shier. The board 
of directors comprise the officers and in addition G. W. Spencer, J. C. 
Downs, J. M. Payne, O. P. Fletcher and A. T. Gib.son. 

AVilkcs B. Armstrong is a son of John J. Armstrong, who now 
resides upon his farm two miles south of Jonesboro and who cajne to 
Craighead county a.s early as 1844. At that time he was a boy eight 
years of age and he accompanied his father hither from near the 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS llTo 

Natural Bridge in Virginia, this beautiful locality having been the scene 
of his birth in 1836. The father, who had followed the trade of cabinet- 
maker in the Old Dominion, passed away in Craighead county, and his 
three sons were William, who was the first sheriff of Craighead county, 
Nathaniel and John J. The two former died near Jonesboro. His 
daughters were Martha, who died single; Margaret, now deceased, who 
was first the wife of a Mr. Moore and second of Mr. Morris ; Jane, who 
married Harvey Robinson and is deceased; ^Mary, who became the wife 
of William White and has passed away; and Thirza, who married a 
Mr. Jloore and is now a widow residing in Craighead county, 

John J. Armstrong served in the Confederate army at the time of 
the Civil war and was wounded in the battle of Corinth. At the con- 
clusion of his service for his native Southland he returned to Arkansas 
and engaged in the i)eaeeful pursuit of farming, following it quietly 
and successfully to the present time. He first married a Miss Miller, who 
died, leaving two daughters, one of whom, Caroline, died when a young 
woman. The other is now the wife of A. E. Thompson, of Craighead 
county. He then mari-ied Mrs. Adaline Bagwell, widow of Jordan 
Bagwell, a Confederate soldier of Forrest's cavalry, who is now Imried 
at Helena, Arkansas. Of the Bagwell children one, affectionately 
known as "Pop," became the wife of William M. Armstrong and died 
in Craighead county, and Melvina passed away as the wife of J. W. 
Lewis. To the second union of John J. Armstrong were born two chil- 
dren, Wilkes B., the subject of this review, and Rosalie Elder, who 
died while in the prime of life. The mother ]),tss('d away in 1887. 

Wilkes B. Armstrong laid the foundalidii nf a h;ippy home life by 
his marriage on December 25, 1889, Miss Plinehc Klli'ii I'urc-fll, daughter 
of James Purcell, who came to Arkansas nlidut 1840, previous to the 
making of the government survey, ln'riuiiurj his wife. Mr. Purcell was 
a settler from Tennessee and followed farmiim- and the stock bu.siness. 
His wife was, previous to her marriage, Emma C. Collins, and the other 
children in addition to Mrs. Armstrong were John W., Hattie, who 
married Harmon Griffin, and Lillie, now Mrs. B. F. Wood. The wife 
of the subject was born on a farm adjoining the old Armstrong home- 
stead September 24, 1872, and she and Mr. Armstrong are the parents 
of Lucy May, "J. Q.," and E. Bryan. James J., .second in order of 
birth, died at the age of eight years. 

Mr. Arm.strong is one of the directors of the St. Francis Levee 
district and his fraternal relations extend to the Ancient Order *of 
United Workmen and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is 
a splendid tj'pe of the all-round useful citizen of the South-west. 

Warren E. Lenon. An able exponent of the progressive spirit 
and strong initiative ability that have caused Little Rock to forge so 
rapidly forward as an industrial and commercial center is Warren E. 
Lenon, who has here attained a position of prominence and influence 
as a business man and as a loyal and progressive citizen. He is presi- 
dent of the People's Saving Bank, has served as mayor of Little Rock 
and has done much to further the material and civic development and 
upbuilding of the attractive city in which he has elected to establish 
his home and in which he has achieved succe.ss of distinctive and worthy 
order. 

Mr. Lenon claims the Hawkeye state as the place of his nativity and 
he is a scion of one of its honored pioneer families. He was born a1 
Panora, Guthrie county, Iowa, on the 8th of October, 1867, and is a 
son of John D. and Margaret M. (Long) Lenon, the former of whom 



1176 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

was a native of the state of Indiana and the latter also of the same 
state. The father establislir<l liis Imme in Iowa about the year 1857 
and became one of the succisnIuI husiness men of Guthrie county, where 
he has ever commanded uiuiualilietl confidence and esteem. He con- 
ducted at various times a woolen mill and afterward a flour mill, and 
was also identified with farming and stock raising. The subject of this 
review is indebted to the public schools of his native county for his 
early educational discipline, which included a course in the high school 
at Panora, in which he v^^as graduated as a member of the class of 1885. 
He was reared in the village of Panora and he continued to reside in 
his native county until he was twenty years of age, when he set forth 
to fight the battles of life on his own responsibility. He had the pre- 
science to realize to a certain degree the promising future in store for 
the city of Little Rock and here he took up his residence in January of 
the year 1888. Prior to that, in 1886-7, he had occupied the position of 
deputy county auditor of Guthrie county, Iowa. It is pleasing to note, 
in view of the fact that he came to Arkansas without financial resources, 
that through his own ability he has won a place as one of the substantial 
capitalists and essentially representative business men of the capital 
city of the state. Soon after his arrival in Little Rock iMr. Lenon as- 
sumed a clerical position in the office of the Arkansas Abstract Com- 
pany, and in this connection he gained a most intimate knowledge of 
real estate values throughout the state, as well as concise information 
concerning the resources of this favored commonwealth. He finally 
became sole owner of the company and eventually began independent 
operations in the handling of real estate and the extending of financial 
loans on real estate securities. This enterprise proved sueeossful through 
his able and careful dircctidn and gradually tlir Imsiiicss ilcvclopcd into 
that of banking, with wliii-li line he is now most iiiniiiincntly identified. 
The Arkansas Abstract Coinpany in 1908 was iMiiis.i|i,lat<'d with the 
Beach Abstract Company and a new company was formed under the 
title of the Beach Abstract & Guaranty Company, of which corporation 
Mr. Lenon is now president. He was one of the organizers of the 
Peoples' Savings Bank, which was incorporated in September, 1902, 
and of which he has been president from the start. This bank bases its 
operations upon a capital stock of fifty thousand dollars and its surplus 
and undivided profits now aggregate over thirty thousand dollars. It 
is known as one of the substantial and able managed financial institu- 
tions of the state and has exercised most valuable functions in the 
Management and promotion of individual thrift and enterprise, having 
been most influential in exemplifying the progressive spirit that has 
given Little Rock so marked impetus along industrial and commercial 
lines within the last decade. In connection with the bank he has re- 
tained a real estate department, which likewise controls a large and 
important business. Mr. Lenon was the president of the Little Rock 
Publishing Company, which publishes the Arkansas Democrat, the even- 
ing paper of Little Rock and one that will bear favorable comparison 
with tho.se published in other cities of comparable size in other sections 
of the I'nion. 

Mr. jjenon has shown most zealous and fruitful int'Trst in all that 
has touched the material and social vi-elfare of his home city and has 
not denied his services in connection with public office or tlie promotion 
of all enterprises and measures that have conserved the general good 
of the community. From 1896 to 1903 he represented the Fourth ward 
as an alderman in the city council and in April of the latter year he 
was elected mayor of the city. His administration, progressive and 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1177 

business like and yet mai-ked with due conservatism in muuicipal ex- 
penditures, gained to him in his official capacity the most unqualified 
popidar approval and this was shown in his election as his own suc- 
cessor in April, 1905. ;ind au.iin in April, 1907. His retention in the 
office of mayor would iiinldulilrdly have been indefinitely prolonged had 
he not deemed it exprdiint hi itsign the office, in April, 1908, in order 
to devote his entire attention tu his large and important business inter- 
ests. Within his regime as chief executive of the municipal government 
many notable public improvements were compassed and the period was 
one of nuich growth and development of substantial order, the advanee- 
raent having been more definite and pronounced than during any simi- 
lar period in the history of the city. "Within his administration prac- 
tically all of the modern street improvement, that is now a source of 
pride to Little Rock, was completed and twice as many miles of sewers 
were constructed as had been done during the entire previous history 
of the city. It \\'as owing to his elTorts while mayor of the city that 
the new City Hall was erected. There was some opposition to the work, 
but the opposition was overcome and the handsome edifice became one of 
the chief ornaments of the city. Mr. Lenon was the first to take up in 
a formal way the matter of secm-ing a consistent public library building 
for Little Rock and it was through his personal correspondence with 
Andrew Carnegie that the matter was brought to a successful issue, 
resulting in securing to the city one of the most beautiful library build- 
ings in the entire Union, No worthy enterprise or measure tending to 
enhance the progress or social and material well being of his home city 
fails to receive the earnest and valuable support of its former mayor, 
and no citizen has a more secure place in popular confidence and es- 
teem. In April, 1910. he was elected a member of the Board of Public 
Affairs of Little Rock, which position he still occupies. Mr. Lenon is, 
a stanch advocate of the Democratic party, is identified with the Benev- 
olent and Protective Order of Elks and various other fraternal organi- 
zations, besides those of more purely social character. 

On the 25th of December, 1889, at Guthrie Center, Iowa, was 
solemnized the marriage of ]\Ir. Lenon to Miss Clara M, IMercer, who 
was born in Davenport, Iowa, and who is a daughter of James E. Mer- 
cer, a representative citizen of that section of the state. ]\Ir. and Mrs. 
Lenon have three children, Julia Margaret, Vivian Mercer and W. E., 
Jr.. the son having been christened with the initials only. 

James 'SI. Hutton. The name of James J\f. Hutton is one well 
and favorably known in this locality, its bearer being one of the suc- 
cessful farmers of Manila and president of the Bank of Manila. He 
is all but a native of ]\Iissis.sippi county, his birth having occurred 
near Corinth, Mississippi, IMay 22. 1873. In the year following this 
event his parents removed to Lauderdale county, Tennessee, near Rip- 
ley, where the demise of his mother occurred. In 1875 his father 
brought his children on to Arkansas and located near Big Lake, in 
Mississippi county. 

Mr. Hutton 's father. William A. Hutton, was born in Marion 
county, Alabama, in 1836, and was a son of James Hutton, who passed 
awa.v in Limestone county, that state. The latter married Harriet 
Dobbins, and the children of the union were William A., Constantine, 
who died near Manila, and Caroline, who became Mrs. Hugh Asha- 
branner and resides near Manila. William A. Hutton was a farmer's 
son and reached manhood without much education, serving throughout 
the Civil war as a Confederate soldier in Captain Collier's company. 

Vol. III_6 



1178 HISTORY OF AKKAXSAS 

Colonel Boddy's regiment of Alabama troops. After tlu- war he en- 
gaged in farming and married Mary Patrick in Tishomingo county, ^lis- 
sissippi. She was a daughter of John Patrick and a granddaughter 
of Llewellyn Patrick, old settlers of that county. Mrs. Hutton passed 
away in 1875, the mother of Eliza, who married Will Nance and died 
near Manila in 1906 ; James M., of this review ; and of ilargaret, who 
did not survive childhood. In Mississippi county the father married 
again, Mary Vickes becoming his wife, and the surviving children of 
this union are: Jane, wife of Buel Gunn, of Mississippi county; 
Martha, who became the wife of George AVortham and resides near 
Manila; Feseby, who married Wilburn Curtright, now of Randolph 
county, Arkansas; and William, whose home is with his aunt, jMrs. 
Ashabranner. As a farmer and a business man, the sepior Mr. Hutton 
proved his ability while a man of health and vigor, his endeavors being 
crowned with success and his family enjoying prosperity, but illness 
attacked him when past fifty and he dissipated his property seeking 
a climate that would restore him. but in vain. He passed away about 
the year 1893. 

At the age of fifteen James ^I. Hutton found himself an orphan, 
unable even to read. The misfortvines of the family had precluded 
his education and it was in such sore straits that he was forced not 
only to provide for himself, but to become an aid to others. To miss 
an education was a grievous disappointment to him and he made every 
effort in his power to repair the defieiency, and has given proof of the 
adage, that "Where there's a wil! there's a way." By hard labor he 
managed to .save sufficient to pay his board while attending school 
a few weeks at different times. There he learned to read, got hold 
of the simple rules of arithmetic and laid the foundation for the edu- 
cation which he afterward acquired as his own teacher. 

In his situation farm work seemed the only opening for him and 
he hired out at day w-ork, or by the month, as the opportunity offered, 
and in time became the owner of forty acres of land. He diligently 
applied himself to its cultivation and increa.sed its area from time to 
time. He now owns four hundred acres w'ith splendid improvements, 
and the tw-o hundred and forty acres provide him annually an income 
more than conunensuratc with the needs of his family. His specialties 
are cotton, corn, tame grass and hogs. Mr. Hutton has extended his 
financial interests to merchandise and to banking in ^lanila, being a 
partner in the mercantile firm of Tiger Brothers & Levine, and presi- 
dent and director of the Bank of IManila. 

On July 18, 1896, 'Mv. Hutton contracted a particularly happy 
marriage, his chosen lady being T\Iiss Mary J. Ashabranner, a daughter 
of Joseph A. Ashabranner and his wife, whose maiden name was 
Mary E. ]\Iedole. I\Ir. Ashabranner is a native son of ^lississippi 
county. The children of Mr. and jMrs. Hutton are five in number 
and by name : Joseph, Edgar, Bessie, Lissie and Hettie. ^\r. Iluttdii 
is a Democrat, with strong prohibition convictions, and Ins ambitinn 
is to do all in his jiower to bring about a moral comnuniity with 
efifieient officers to run its afTairs. 

Alvis L. ^I.vLoNii. A prominent and infiuential citizen of Jones- 
boro, Craighead county, Arkansas, is Alvis L. Malone, who is here 
engaged in the insurance and real-estate business and who has resided 
m this city foi- a period of twenty-eight years. Loyalty and public 
s]»iii1 (if tlif most insistent order have ever characterized his citizen- 
shii). and in all the relations of life he has so conducted himself as 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1179 

to eommaud the uuqualified confideuce and esteem of his fellow meu. 

Mr. Malone was born in Fayette county, Tennessee, on the 29th 
of September, 1853, and a few months later he accompanied his parents 
on their removal to Cross county, Arkansas. His father was the Rev. 
William C. Malone, whose birth occurred in Orange county. North 
Carolina, in 1826, and his grandfather was Samuel Malone, who was 
born in the year 1797. Saiiiuol Malone was an agriculturist by occu- 
pation and he passed the .iMsin- yens of his life in Cross county, this 
state, where his demise (icriiirrd m 1862. He traced his ancestry back 
to stanch Irish stock, mariud Mitss Brinkley for his second wife, and 
was the father of Rev. William C. ; Dr. David M., who is now de- 
ceased ; and Mi-s. Martha Gardner, of Vandale, Arkansas. Rev. William 
C. Malone was reared to maturity in a refined and Christian home 
and while he was not afforded the advantages of a college education 
in his youth, he read extensively and in time became extremely well 
educated. Til' bcfame a Christian in early life, was ordained a minister 
in till .Mitliddist Episcopal church, and in addition to preaching owned 
and (ijMialcd a line farm. Di;ring the Civil war he was loyal to the 
cause of the Union but remained in Arkansas and did not offend his 
Confederate neighbors during the progress of the conflict. He mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth M. Gardner, a daughter of Madison Gardner, 
of Powhatan county, Virginia, where Mrs. Malone was born and reared. 
Rev. Malone passed to the life eternal at Vandale, Arkansas, in 1891, 
and his widow, w'ho still survives him, now maintains her home at 
Wynne, Arkansas. The children born to Rev. and Mrs. ilalone were 
as follows: Lura A., who married L. E. Stancill but who is now 
deceased; Alvis L., the immediate subject of this review, Mary F., 
who passed away at Forest City, unmarried : AVillie F., who married 
S. Daltrotf and died at Wynne, Arkansas; John K., of Jonesboro, city 
editor of the Daily Trihunc: and Blanche, who is the wife of 0. N. 
Killough, of Wynne. 

"Bob" Malone, as he to whom this sketch is dedicated is gener- 
ally known, passed his boyhood and youth in Cross county, Arkansas, 
and he received his early educational training in the public schools 
of that place. He began life as a merchant's clerk at Forest City, 
Arkansas, and subsequently he went to Wittsburg, where he served 
for three years in the capacity of postmaster, eventually coming to 
jonesboro in 1883. As a citizen of Jone.sboro Mr. Malone has devoted 
his attention to the fire-insurance business and to handling and deal- 
ing in real estate. As an indication of the representative character 
of his insurance business he writes for seventeen of the most able 
and substantial companies doing business in the United States and is 
associated with the American Trust Company of Jonesboro in this 
line. He is a member of the Association of Local In.surance Agents 
of Arkansas, a body which meets annually for mutual aid in the 
exchange of ideas of mutual interest and benefit, and in 1909 was 
l)resident of the a.ssociation. 

Mr. Malone was married first at Wittsburg, Arkansas, the maiden 
name of his wife having been Florence A. McFerrin. and the cere- 
mony having been performed on the 17th of December, 1879. Mrs. 
Malone was summoned to the life eternal in 1891. at which time she 
was survived by four children, namely, Lillian, who is the wife of 
AV. P. Klapp. a leading druggist of Jonesboro; Jamie, of Forest City, 
Arkansas: Mary, who is now Mrs. Gus Nash, of Jonesboro; and Mi.ss 
Blanche, a student in college. On the 12th of October, 1893, was sol- 
emnized the marriage of Mr. Malone to Mis.s Sarah E. Ebbert, a 



nso HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

daughter of S. E. Ebbert, of St. Francis county, Arkansas, and this 
uni(in has been prolific of two children— Mattie and Elizabeth. 

In the earlier years of his life Mr. Malone was an active factor 
in the municipal affairs of Jonesboro. He served as city recorder, 
joined his Democratic brethren in promoting the welfare of his party 
and was often a delegate to state and other Democratic conventions. 
In a fraternal way he is affiliated with the- Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, is a Knight of Pythias, holds a policy in the Woodmen of 
the World and in the Knights and Ladies of Honor. In connection 
with his religious faith he has ever been a Methodist and for twenty- 
five years has been an officer of the congregation in Jonesboro, fre- 
quently representing the same in the annual conference of the denom- 
ination ; he was secretary of the White River conference for a number 
of years. When the general conference of the church was held at 
Baltimore, Maryland, lie was sent by the White River department to 
represent it at the National meeting and he took a prominent part in 
the deliberations of that great spiritual body. In evSry manner pos- 
sible Mr. Malone has been a loyal and true citizen, doing all in his 
power to advance the general welfare of the community in which he 
maintains his home. He is a man of great benevolence and broad 
human sympathy— a man whose charity knows only the bounds of his 
opportunity. 

Millard H. Rhodes is the senior member of the retail department 
and jobbing establishment of Rli"li---M,-(';iiii Company of Jonesboro, 
and for nearly a decade he has linn a factor in the commercial life 
of the city. He does not po-ssess tln' ilistinction of Arkansas nativity 
or of pioneer association with the commonwealth, coming to it as he 
did at the opening of the present century, but his lively interest in the 
varied affairs that go to make up an orderly and advancing community 
mark him as thoroughly an integral part of its complex fabric as 
though he possessed all the royal attributes. 

Orange county. New York, is the native home of Millard H. 
Rhodes, his birth having occurred on a farm near Middleto-mi, March 
11. 1875. The same house that sheltered him as a child pei-formed a 
like service for his father. John Rhodes, born twenty-three years be- 
fore. The emigrant ancestor was the great-grandfather of jMillard H., 
and he settled on the line of Sullivan and Orange counties in the early 
years of the nineteenth century. He passed his life as a farmer, as 
did his son, Mathias, the grandfather of the subject. 

John Rhodes passed his life as a stone dealer in Middletown and 
was summoned to the Great Beyond in September. 1910. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Carrie Hummell, was a daughter of a ^fr. 
Tlummell of Newburg, New York, and of their union Millard is the 
eldest child. Irvin S. is a merchant of Franklin, New York; Inez is 
the wife of Albert Greene, of Middletown : and Floyd 'M.. the youngest, 
is his father's successor in business and is a resident of New York 
Citv. 

:\nilanl II. Rhodes had the pleasant fortune of livinu' in his youth 
amid rui-al suri-oinidings and his literary training came fi'oiii the 
country public schools. Tie becaiiie a wage earner at the age of 
fifteen years as an employi- of Grorne B. Adams, who was n phenom- 
enally succe.ssful merchant in ^Middletown, and in the concern of this 
able financier, young Rhodes obtained ideas whicli went far toward 
making him a success when he came to establish and conduct a business 
of his own. After a few years he entered the store of a Mr. Tompldns 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1181 

of the saiae city and iu his employ lie remained until l'J02, when 
he cast his lot with the west and made Arkansas his home. 

It was iu the year 1902 that ilr. Rhodes became a resident of 
Jonesboro. He foresaw the possibilities of a progressive enterprise 
here and associated himself with a retail business of small propor- 
tions, which was conducted as the Jordan Dry Goods Company, he 
liimself being the head of the firm. In January, 1909, the firm pur- 
chased the Turner, Elrod & ]McCain store. The two houses were com- 
bined and the name was changed to the Rhodes-McCain Company, 
incorporated for twenty-five thousand dollars. This company does a 
vast retail business and carries the name of the Rhodes-ilcCain Com- 
pany, Cash Department Store, at 412, 41-4 and 416 Main street. The 
house has a frontage of seveoty-five feet ; is ninety feet deep and two 
storits high, and the thrifty business of the concern leaves none of 
this space unutilized. Mr. Rhodes is secretar}--treasurer and manager 
and he can look upon the large and constantly growing business as the 
outgrowth of the modest retail business he inaugurated less than ten 
years ago. 

On January 1, 1901, Mr. Rhodes was married in Middletown, New 
York, his wife being Miss Florence Case, daughter of Ira L. Case, a 
highly respected and influential l)u.siness man and citizen of that place, 
among w'hose disliin'tidiis w.is lli.it nf holding high place in Masonic 
circles. The mother's im.ikIimi nainc w.is ISelle G. Taylor. The union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Rhodes lias lircii hicsscil hy the birth of two daughters 
— Edith and Eleanor. 

]\Ir. Rhodes' interest in the connnercial status of Jonesboro is 
sht)wn by his membership in the Retail Merchants' Association, of 
which he w'as made president in 1910, and by his membership in the 
Business Men's Club, in which he is a director. His fraternal affilia- 
tion is with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is 
identified with the best causes promulgated in the city, being a director 
of the Young Men's Christian Association and a deacon in the First 
Presbyterian church. 

]Mr. and Mrs. Rhodes are favorites in the best social life of the 
city and their home is one of its most hospitable and attractive abodes. 

GuSTAV A. Trinler is secretary and office manager of the Amer- 
ican Handle Company at Jonesboro. which is one of the chief enter- 
prises of the city and one of those industries in whose promotion he 
was concerned. He came to Arkansas in 1904 and in the ensuing 
decade has been an active factor in the success of the plant, possessing 
those fine executive and initiative gifts which seem to be the .special 
heritage of the German. He was born in the Sehwartzwald, Baden, 
Germany, July 21, 1862, and in 1875 he accompanied his parents to the 
United States. The family home was established at New Albany, 
Indiana, where young Gustav grew to manhood. His father was iMar- 
tin Trinler, a tinsmith, who died in Middlesboro, Kentucky, in 1894, 
at the age of sixty-nine years ; and his mother, whose maiden name was 
Barbara Goller, survivas and is a resident of Louisville. Kentucky. 
The children of the family were as follows: Albert, of Rutherford, New 
York; Frederiea, wife of Lewis Kendall, of Valley Station, Kentucky; 
Amelia, who passed away unmarried; the subject; and Louisa, who 
married Arthur Smith and is a resident of Louisville. 

Gustav A. Trinler acquired all his school training in the excellent 
schools of the Fatherland and immediately upon reaching the United 
States he began work, learning the language of his new country by 



1182 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

constant contact with it. His first work was as a weigher of iron in 
a rolling mill in New Albany, and proving faithful and efficient in 
small things he was given more and more to do, working his way 
towards the top as an employe and finally being made superintendent 
of a rolling mill at Alexandria, Indiana. Having become expert in 
handling steel he was selected by the Union Steel Company to repre- 
sent it in Great Britain, with the idea of showing the Welsh how to 
handle American steel. After a year and a month abroad he returned 
home and became superintendent of the Piqua, Ohio, works of the 
American Sheet Steel Company, from which he eventually severed his 
association to come to Arkansas. 

While in charge of the rolling iiiill ;it Alexandria he had under 
him two young Irishmen who witc ilcstincd in cnuavc with him in 
an important new enterprise diiinictricilly ditTri-iiii lidin the iron 
business in which they were eni^imiil. 'I'lusf vdiui-.: iimh were James 
Devonre and M. P. Welsh. This trio of mechanics, with J. L. Donahoo, 
decided to engage in the handle business in Arkansas and formed the 
American Handle Company, which did business for a time as a part- 
nership. Their plant was erected in 1900 in Jonesboro and in 1904 
it was incorporated for thirty thousand dollars, with Mr. Donahoo, as 
president; ilr. Welsh, as vice-president; and IMr. Trinler, as secretary. 
When the responsibility of operation was divided, Jlr. Donahoo as- 
sumed charge of operations in the field, buying the timber and keeping 
the mill supplied with raw product; Mr. Welsh took charge of the 
operation of the mill in all of its details; and Mr. Trinler became the 
office man, responsible for the sales, collections and general financial 
matters of the company. 

The American Handle Company has a capacity of three hundred 
and fifty dozen finished handles in ten hours, gives labor to some forty 
men in the forest and sixty in the factory, and many cords of hickory 
are brought hither from various sources other than the regular timber 
gangs of the company. The industry has met with gratifying success 
and has proved greatly valuable in the development and pro.sperity of 
this particular section. 

Mr. Trinler was married in New Albany, Indiana, in the month 
of January, 1884, to Miss Matilda Gadient, a daughter of John Gadient, 
who came to this country from Switzerland and came to be a prosper- 
ous merchant tailor. No children have been born to this union. 

Mr. Trinler is a director of the First National Bank of Jonesboro. 
Fraternally he is a Master and a Chapter Mason and affiliated with 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. In national politics he 
gives hand and heart to the men and measures of the Republican 
party, but upon local que.stions he is independent, giving the better 
man and the better measure high place above mere partisanship. 

Rurus L. Collins. The present able and popular incumbent of 
the office of county and probate clerk of Craighead county, Arkansas, 
is widely and favorably known as a public official, and as a citizen he 
is deeply and sincerely interested in community affairs, his intrinsic 
loyalty and iiublie spirit making him a co-operant factor in all projects 
advanced foi- the well being of Jonesboro and the county and state 
at large. 

Rvifus L. (Collins was born in Craighead county, one mile and a 
half distant from the city of Jonesboro. the date of his nativity being 
the 20th of April, 1860. His father, ]\Iartin Collins, was born in Spar- 
tansburg. South Carolina, whence he immigrated to Arkansas about the 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1183 

year 1854. He was married en i-oute to Eliza Loftus, and they became 
the parents of the following children: Memory Collins, of Wolcott, 
Arkansas; Rnfus L., of this notice; Annie, who married John W. 
Sharp and who died, leaving a family of six children; and Albert M., 
of Jonesboro, who owns the pioneer homestead of the family. After 
his arrival in Arkansas ]\Iartiu Collins settled in Craighead county, 
where during the Civil war he was engaged in freighting goods into 
the county. He was summoned to the life eternal on the 9th of Au- 
gust, 1864, and his cherished and devoted wife long survived him. 

The boyhood, youth and early manhood of Rufus L. Collins were 
passed amid humble, rural surroundings. He was a child of but four 
years of age at the time of his father's death and was reared to adult 
age by a devoted mother, who had to work hard and make many sacri- 
fices in order to keep her little brood together and to keep the wolf 
from the door. The children were educated in the schools of the 
locality and period, trudging long distances to the pi-imitive school 
houses and then receiving but meager instriiction. After he had at- 
tained to years of maturity Mr. Collins, of this review, turned attention 
to the great basic industry of agriculture, continuing to be identified 
Avith that line of enterprise until the loss of his right leg compelled 
him to seek some less strenuous labor. This sad loss was the result of 
an accident with a horse in 1883. In the fall of 1885 Mr. Collins en- 
tered local politics as. candidate for the office of tax assessor of Craig- 
head county. He was elected to this office in the ensuing campaign 
but upon assuming the responsibilities thereof he discovered his lack 
of education and for the ensuing several months he applied himself 
vigorously to text books and reading, with the result that he gained a 
firm foundation for future offices of public trust and responsibility. 
He was incumbent of the office of tax assessor for a period of six 
years and from 1892 to 1896 he was engaged in farming and stock 
dealing. Having made the race for the office of sheriff in 1894, with- 
out .success, he was ambitious .still to fill that office, and in 1896 again 
became candidate for it. In the latter year he was successful at the 
polls and in 1898 he was elected as his own successor therein. For a 
few years following 1900 he was successfully engaged in farming and 
stock-raising and he made the race for county treasurer, coming within 
sixty- four votes of being nominated. In 1908 he became a candidate 
for the office of county clerk against several competitors, was nom- 
inated and elected as the successor of W. B. Armstrong. In 1910 he 
was renominated and re-elected to the ofHce of county and probate 
clerk, in which he is serving with the utmost efficiency at the present 
time. 

During his residence in Jonesboro Mr. Collins has served the 
city as a member of the board of aldermen and as a member of the 
board of education. He has acquired very extensive and valuable 
interests in farming property in this section of the state, owning a 
large tract of land in the St. Francis river bottom and another in 
the vicinity of Jonesboro. As a business man and official Mr. Collins 
is everywhere admired and respected. He is a man of sterling integ- 
rity and broad infonuation, is kind and affable in all the relations of 
life, and is deeply admired and respected by all with whom he has 
come in contact. 

On the 6th of October, 1880, was solemnized the marriage of 
]\Ir. Collins to Miss Mattie A. Thomas, who was born and reared 
in Craighead county and who is a daughter of Isaac Thomas. Mr. 
Thomas was a gallant and faithful Confederate soldier who sacrificed 



11S4 HISTORY OF AKKAXSAS 

his life for the cause of his favorite Southlaud, his death having oc- 
curred ou the 1st of January, 1S(J2. Mv. and ^Irs. CoUins became the 
parents of the following children: Onej- B., who is the wife of Blow 
Grover, of Los Angeles, California ; John A., deputy clerk under his 
father; Eli W., of Kankakee, Illinois; Amber B., who is ^Irs. Fred 
Wilhelm, of Memphis, Tennessee; and ]\Iisses ]Mattie and Bertha F., 
Ollie G. and Glenn F., twins, and Jidia May, all of whom are at the 
parental home." In their religious faith the Collins famih- are devout 
members of the Baptist church, in the different departments of wliose 
work they are most zealous factors. 

Jeffrey A. Houghton, postmaster of Jouesboro, is a native of 
Cress county, Arkansas, born December 5, 1868, a sou of Jeffrey A. 
Houghton, an ante-bellum settler of the state and a native of Alabama. 
The Houghton lineage shows the family to have been among the early 
Colonial ones of Massachusetts Bay, its immigrant ancestor having- 
arrived on American soil only about a third of a century following the 
landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock. John Houghton, of Lan^ 
caster, England, came to Lancaster, Massachusetts, in 1653, and died 
there in 1684, and the most ancient of the headstones in the cemetery 
of that old New England town bears his honored name. We know 
that his wife's Christian name w'as Beatrice and that their sons were 
Benjamin, William, Robert and John, Jr. The last, born just before 
the family departed for "the land of promise," is said to have pos- 
sessed the accomplishment rather rare in those days of being a fine 
penman. He became a leading man in his region, w'as for fourteen 
years a delegate to the General Court and for many years he seems 
to have been the only magistrate of his town, while his tenure of the 
office of town clerk covered a period of no less than forty years. He 
was a skilled conveyancer in the transferring of title by deed and 
otherwise and the land upon which the third church was erected in 
1706 was donated by him. He was instrumental in the removal of the 
meeting houses fi-om their former locations to the old eonnnou. He 
lost his si'jht hcFore his death, on February 3, 1737, when past seventy- 
six ycnis .'T ,|.j,.. and he was buried in the cemetery on the old com- 
mon. This tiiitaph is chiseled upon his headstone: "Here lies buried 
the body of John Houghton Esquire. As you are so were we. As we 
are so will you be. Who died February ye -^ anuo dom. 1736-7 and 
in the 87th year of his age." 

Jacob Houghton, the sou of John, was born February 17, 1672; 
probably married Rebecca Whitcomb; aud Benjamin Houghton, their 
son, nuirried Ruth Wheelock, and the issue of their uniou were as 
follows: Justice John, boru July 20, 1720; Ezra, born July 29, 1722; 
Abijah, born September 23, 1723; Relief, born October 23, 1726: Elijah, 
born June 16, 1728. The latter was a "minute man" of the Revolu- 
tionary period and a private in Colonel Benjamin Houghton's Com- 
pany, Colonel John Whitcomb 's Regiment, which marched on the alarm 
of Paul Revere, April 19, 1775, to Cambridge. He was also a pi-ivate 
in Colonel Asa Whitcomb 's regiment and Captain Houghton's com- 
pany; was enlisted April 27, 1775, and mustered out on August 1, 
following. This interesting i-ecord is shown in Volume VIII, of the 
Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolution. Following Elijah 
came Parnee Houghton, born April 14, 1730; Philemon, born Jiuie 3, 
1731: Nehemiah, born October 1, 1732: Ruth, boru April 3, 1734; 
Lcmual, born September 25, 1735; and Benjamin, horn May 10, 1740. 

?]lijah Houghton married Mary Allen October 3, 1764, at Lancas- 




7r<^- n\ 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1185 

ter, Massachusetts. Theii- children were Oliver, born January 10; 
1765; Elijah, born January 11, 1767; Maverick, born September 22, 
1768; Loekheart, born January 7, 1771; Sparhawk, born May 23, 1773; 
and Sophia, born June 15, 1775. Captain Houghton, the father, died 
July 7, 1810, and his wile passed away May 22, 1818. 

Oliver Houghton married Abigail Hovey and died September 19, 
1836, while his widow lived until February 4 of the next year. Their 
children were Emeline, born July 23, 1792; Eliza, born May 22, 1794; 
Jeffrey Atherton, born April 26, 1796 ; Edmund Winchester, born 
May 10, 1798; and Oliver, born November 26, 1806. The eldest son, 
Jelfrey A., married, reared a family and died at sea, and among his 
children was Jeffrey A., father of him whose name inaugurates this 
review, and who is the third to bear the name. 

Jeffrey A. Houghton was born in the '20s of the nineteenth cen- 
tury; came to Arkansas as a young man, and married Miss Laura 
Casey. She was a daughter of a citizen of Charleston, South Caro- 
lina, the hub of the secession activities before the Civil war. Her 
father -was a chaplain in the Confederate army. In early life the 
subject's father engaged as a mercliant at Powhatan, Arkansas, and 
when the Civil war came on he gave his support to the Union cause 
as a soldier. After the war he followed farming and he removed to 
Cross county, Arkansas, where he pa.ssed away in 1876. His surviving 
eliildren were Henry Hovey, ex-postmaster of Jonesboro, Arkansas, 
and a prominent business man of the city; Jeff'rey Atherton, subject 
of this review; and Bunyan C, of Senath, Missouri. 

Jeffre.y A. Houghton, III. received his education in the public- 
schools, which he attended in Cross, Ponisett and Craighead counties. 
He left the farm at fourteen and worked in a printing office at Har- 
risburg for a short period, then had experience in a drug store there 
for a short time, coming thence to Jonesboro, where he clerked in a 
book and stationery business. Leaving this he became an aid to his 
brother in the Jonesboro postoffice until the second Cleveland adminis- 
tration, and then found himself out in the "cold, cold world" with 
the other Republicans. He secured a po.sition as clerk in the office of 
the Cotton Belt Railroad Company at Jonesboro and there remained 
until President MeKinley reappointed his brother postmaster, when 
he became again an office deputy and has ever since remained in the 
postal service. In 1906 he was appointed postmaster himself and was 
reappointed in 1910. 

This branch of the Houghton family has ever been affiliated with 
the Republican party. Jeffrey A. has .served his party as county treas- 
urer for many years, has a wide acquaintance among the leaders of 
the party and has sat in state conventions and other gatherings where 
representatives have deliberated upon the affairs of the party. 

On December 11, 1909, Mr. Houghton was united in marriage to 
Miss Alice Louise Pilcher, a daughter of Mrs. L. A. Pileher, formerly 
of St. Louis, Missouri. Laura Louise is the is.sue of their marriage. 

Fraternally Mr. Houghton is an Elk and a Master Mason. In 
addition to his public office he is a member of the mercantile firm of 
Langford & Houghton of Jonesboro. He is a director of the Young 
Glen's Christian Association and is a deacon in the Christian church. 

Wir.i.iAM G. Maurtce. A progressive, liberal and essentially repre- 
s(nitiitive citizen, who has shown himself deeply appreciative of the 
manifold attractions and resources of the state of Arkansas and who 
luis don( much to further the material and civic advancement of his- 



1186 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

home city of Hot Springs to its present status as one of the great 
health and pleasiu-e resorts of the world, Mr. Maurice is specially en- 
titled to recognition in this publication. As a banker, capitalist and 
man of affairs he is one of the leading citizens of Hot Springs, and he 
has been a potent factor in the development of its magnificent resources 
as a watering place and health resort. 

William G. Maurice was born in the city of St. Louis, Missouri, 
on the 12th of February, 1859, and is a son of Captain Charles E. and 
Helen (Camp) Maurice. Captain Charles E. ]\Iaurice was bom in the 
historic old city of Richmond, Virginia, and he died at his home in Hot 
^ Springs, Arkansas, on the 18th of September, 1904. He was' a notable 
character and his long life was filled with productive activity in con- 
nection with affairs of broad scope and importance. The lineage of 
the Maurice family is traced back to distinguished French origin, and 
the family name has been for many generations prominently identified 
with the wine industry at Bordeaux, France, where in that city one 
of the oldest and most important wine establishments devoted to the 
export trade is that conducted by representatives of the Maurice family 
and under the family name. The father of Captain Maurice came from 
Bordeaux to America in the early part of the nineteenth century, and 
for several years he wa.s one of the leading architects in the city of New 
Yoi'k. In 1839 the family removed to Jamestown, Chautauqua county. 
New York, where Captain Maurice was reared to maturity and received 
good educational advantages. Upon attaining to his legal majority 
he became a member of the firm of Dascuni, Allen & Company, of 
Jamestown, but his alert mentality, broad outlook and vigorous enthu- 
siasm did not permit him long to confine himself to the simpler lines of 
enterpiisc. Tic li.id the pi'i-si-imee to realize the golden opportiuiities of 
the west, :iM(l ill ls."i4 (11- iN.'iri ht- established his residence in the city of 
St. Louis. .Missnuri, \vliric lie lici/amc associated with the firm of Sanger, 
Camp & Company, known as the l,-ir';est .-niil most important firm of rail- 
road contractors in the United Sintis ilmiiiL; the '50s, '60s and early 
'70s. This firm built the old Oliin \- .Mississippi Railroad, the North 
Missouri- Railroad (now a part of the Wabash system), the Texas & 
New Orleans Railroad and several other lines that constituted the 
foundations of great railroad systems of the middle west. It was 
through his association with this concern that Captain Maurice met and 
eventually married Miss Helen Camp, who was a daughter of Geoi-ge 
T. Camp, a member of the firm. It may be noted also that about the 
same time a daughter of General Sanger, senior member of the firm, 
married George M. Pullman, of Chicago, who became the head of the 
great Pullman Car IMauufacturing Company and the founder of the 
industrial city that bears his name; Mrs. Pullman still resides in 
Chicago. 

At St. Louis Captain Maurice entered upon a career of great activ- 
ity, and for many years he was an influential factor in connection with 
the extensive railroad interests of the west and southwest, as well as 
with .steamboat operations on the Mississippi river. He became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Hatch, Maurice & Company, of St. Louis, and was 
also an interested principal in the firms of Joab, Lawrence & Company, 
of Mobile, Alabama; W. C. Graham & Company, of New Orleans, 
Ijouisiana, and Graham & Maurice, of Cairo, Illinois. Each of these 
concerns was prominently identified with steamboat and transportation 
interests. 

Captain Maurice originated and carried into effective service the idea 
of operating fast freight lines in conjunction with the various railroads, 



HISTORY OF AKKAX8AS 1187 

aud his efforts iu this eoimoction entitle him to lasting honor and dis- 
tinction as one of the veritable captains of industry in America, for he 
thus did much to further industrial and commercial progress. He 
organized the Far West Freight Line, which put into operation a fast 
freight line from New York to the west, and later he became manager 
of the Erie & Pacific Despatch, which maintained a similar service. 
The success of the enterprise thus inaugurated by him attracted the at- 
tention of Jay Gould, who was at that time, 1870, president of the Erie 
Railroad, and this well known railway magnate effected with Captain 
Maurice a freight traffic arrangement that covered all western con- 
nections at that time. About 1871 Captain Maurice established the 
Overland Transit Company, which assumed contracts for the overland 
transportation of freight from the terminus of the Missouri, Kansas 
& Texas Railroad through the Indian territory to Texas. The railroad 
mentioned was at the time extending its line through Indian territory 
to Denison, Texas, of which town Captain Maurice was one of the 
foundere and the first mayor. He established the family home at 
Denison and continued a resident of northern Texas for several years. 
He then returned to St. Louis, where his business activities were varied 
and noteworthy. He was a member of the firm that built the Olympic 
theater in that city and continued to be identified with railroad inter- 
ests. About the year 1880 he came to Arkansas and established his-i 
home in Hot Springs, where he continued to reside until his death, 
October 18, 1905. Captain Maurice was a man of unusual business 
acumen and had ex<t i^tidiuil initiative and administrative ability, and 
though he was lonu riiiiv|ii,iiiiiisly identified with enterprises of marked 
importance he is lust iiiii(iiil)ered as a kind, genial, lovable man of 
highly optimistic and hopeful temperament and of most lavish gener- 
osity—a generosity that at times was almost prodigality. He made and 
lost several fortunes, but his intrinsic nobilitj- of character is the foun- 
dation on which rests his most enduring monument. His wife is living 
in Hot Springs with her son, William G., her age being eighty-six years. 
Besides this son, there is one other child, George E., Cotton Belt' Rail- 
road agent at Tyler, Texas. 

William G. Maurice, the immediate subject of this review, gained 
his early educational discipline in the schools of the city of St. Louis 
and supplemented this by a course of study in the celebrated Notre 
Dame Univei-sity, at South Bend, Indiana. He had in the meantime 
gained no little experience in connection with the practical affairs of 
life, and he reverts with pleasure to the labors he performed when a 
boy in carrying the chain for the surveyors who platted the town of 
Denison, TexAs. He made his first trip to Hot Springs when a lad, iu 
company with his mother. This trip was made from St. Louis to Mem- 
phis, Tennessee, by rail, thence to Devall Bluff, Arkansas, by packet 
boat; from that point by rail to Little Rock, from which city the jour- 
ney to Hot Springs was made over the old "Wire" road on one of the 
stages of the Chidester & Searles line. At that time the principal hotel 
in Hot Springs was that which bore the name of the town and which 
was conducted by Major Gaines and Captain Stitt. 

]\Ir. ^lauriee did not establish his permanent home at Hot Springs 
until 1890, and in the following year he erected and equipped the 
Maurice bath house, which has since been admirably maintained as one 
of the best of the many splendid bath houses that have given world- 
wide fame to this resort. This bath house is to be demolished, beginning 
May 1, 1911, and on the site is to be erected the New Maurice, to be 
constructed of stone, steel and marble and which will surpass anything 



1188 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

of its kind in America. This house will be opened on or about January 
1, 1912. Mr. Jlaurice has been promiueutly identiiied with the up- 
building of the city and has giv^en his influence and aid in support of 
all measures and entei-prises tending to advance its material and social 
prestige, with the result that he has secure status as one of the city's 
most loyal and progressive citizens. He is a man of most gracious per- 
sonality and during his residence in Hot Springs has formed the 
acquaintance of many of the famous men who have here sojourned for 
health or recreation. He is treasurer of the Hot Springs Business Men's 
League, is vice-president of the Ai-kansas Trust Company that owns 
tlie Red Spring and bath house at Saratoga, New York. He is a mem- 
ber of the directorate of the Arkansas State Fair Association, which 
has done much to exploit the resources and attractions of the state ; and 
his interest in all that touches the welfare of his home city and state 
is of the most vital order. 

In politics, though never an aspirant for public office, Mr. Maurice 
accords a stanch allegiance to the cause of the Democi-atie party. In 
the time-honored Masonic fraternity Mr. Maurice has attained the 
rhirty-soeond degree of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, in which 
his ;iffiliati(in is w-ith Albert Pike Consistory, in the city of Little Rock. 
Ill' holds iiRinbership also in Sahara Tv?mple, Ancient Arabic Order of 
the Xobles of the Mystic Shrine, in the city of Pine Bluft'. He is also 
affiliated with Hot Springs Commandery, Knights Templars. 

On the 7th of July, 1886, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Maurice to I\Iiss Eugenia Z. Manier, who was born at Fort Wayne, 
Indiana, and reared in the city of Peoria, Illinois. Her parents were 
Victor and Marie Josephine Jlanier ; the father was a prominent business 
man and influential citizen of Peoria. 

It should be noted that recently there has been given further 
evidence of the progressive spirit of Mr. Maurice, in connection with 
the erection of a costly and beautiful building of modern architectural 
design at the De Soto magnesia spring, on North Central avenue. This 
structure was erected by the De Soto Mineral Spring Company, of 
which he is president, and is conceded to be the finest building yet con- 
structed for a similar purpose in the United States. It aifords most at- 
tractive accommodations to those desiring to avail themselves of the 
fine medicinal water and also for casual visitors. For securing remedial 
action through use of the water by drinking the same this spring is not 
excelled by any in the famous resort city. The building was completed 
in the autumn of 1910. 

John R. (Jkegson. Ideas backed with indefatigable energy— the 
desire and power to accomplish big things— these qualitie.s make of 
success not an accident but a logical result. The man of initiative is 
he who combines with a capacity for hard work an indomitable will. 
Such a man recognizes no such thing as failure and his final success 
is on a parity with his well directed efforts. John R. Gregson. of this 
review, is a member of the well known real-estate firm of Altaian, 
Greusmi iV I'.innks. which has long figured as one of the most important 
busiiiiss r. III. -.Ills (if Jonesboro, Arkansas. 

.Idhn !>'. (Ircgson was born in Craighead county, near Jonesboro, 
Arkansas, on the 3d of November, 1870. His father, Frank A. Greg- 
son, is a farmer near Lake City, Craighead county, and he was a 
pioneer in this section of the state as eai-lj' as 1842. Frank A. Greg- 
son was born near Greensboro, North Carolina, in February, 1834, a 
son of George Gregson, the founder of the family in Arkansas. George 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1189 

Gregson passed away on his farm near Jonesboro. He was a black- 
smith by trade and was identified with that line of enterprise in con- 
nection with farming operations during the major portion of his active 
career. He was married in North Carolina, and he reared to maturity 
a large family of children, of whom Frank A. and William were gal- 
lant soldiers in the Confederate army during the war between the 
states. Frank A. Gregson was a lad of eight years of age at the time 
of his parents' removal to Arkansas, and he was reared to maturity 
amidst real frontier environment. The Civil war, in which he par- 
ticipated, furnished the chief event of his otherwise quiet and unassum- 
ing cai-eer. Following the war he was appointed deputy sheriff of 
his county but other than that service he has devoted himself entirely 
to agricultural pursuits. He was married to Miss Nancy Cooper, who 
passed away in 1905, at the age of sixty-five years. Eleven children 
were the issue of their marriage, among them being Mary, who became 
the wife of T. B. McEwen, and they are both deceased; Margaret A. 
was the wife of Dr. William Gibson at the time of her death; Emma 
married J. T. Gibson and she, too, is deceased; IMartin wedded Ida 
Roy and was survived by his widow and a child at the time of his 
demise. The children surviving are : Francis M. ; John R., the im- 
mediate subject of this review ; Charles A. ; and Walter S. and Nancy 
L. of Craighead county. 

John R. Gregson received his preliminary educational training 
in the common schools of his native place and after he had attained 
to his legal majority he became a student in the old State Normal 
School at Jonesboro, in which excellent institution he w-as graduated 
as a member of the class of 1894. As a youth he assisted his father in 
the work and management of the old home farm but after completing 
his education he began to teach school, continuing to be identified with 
that vocation for a period of twelve years and becoming, by appoint- 
ment, county examiner during that time. In 1900 he decided to a.sk 
the Democratic party of Craighead counfcy to nominate him for the 
office of county clerk and he defeated his competitors for that honor, 
being elected to the office in September. He siicceeded R. H. West 
in the office and was chosen two years later for a second terra, being 
succeeded, on retirement, by W. B. Arm.strong. On going out of office 
Mr. Gregson was brought face to face with a new field of activity. 
Having served "his time," as it were, in the school-room, he sought 
other channels and associated himself with Mr. T. W. Altman to deal 
in and handle real estate. Subsequently Mr. G. G. Brooks was ad- 
mitted as a partner in the firm and at that time it assumed its present 
name of Altman, Gregson & Brooks. In the course of time Mr. Greg- 
son has acquired considerable valuable farming propei-ty, which he is 
exploiting by proxy, and his connection with this sphere only serves 
to emphasize his permanency a.s a resident in this county and state. 
He is a member of the board of directors of the Business Man's Club 
of Jonesboi-o and is one of the trustees for the Young Men's Christian 
Association. He is one of the directors of the Jonesboro Building 
A-ssociation. one of the oldest and strongest of its kind in the state of 
Ai'kansas. 

In June, 1902, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Gregson to 
Miss Mary Alexis Armstrong, a daughter of Christie Armstrong, of 
New York. The children born to this marriage are Marv Louise. John 
A.. Christine, AVilliam E. and Martha. 

;\Ir. (ii'egson is a stanch adherent of tlie principles and policies 
of the Democratic party in his political proclivities, and it is worthy 



1190 HISTORY OP ARKANSAS 

(if note that during his entire active life he has been deeply and sin- 
cerely interested in community affairs, doing all in his power to ad- 
vance all measures and enterprises projected for the well being of the 
county and state at large. He is affiliated with a number of repre- 
sentative fraternal and social organizations of a local nature and in his 
religious faith he is a devout member of the Baptist church of Jones- 
boro. At the present time he is superintendent of the Sunday-school 
and he has represented the church at all meetings of the state con- 
vention and of the Southern Baptist convention. During the years 
1906 and 1907 he was president of the state Sabbath School Association 
and in that connection was instriimental in accomplishing a great deal 
of good for the Sunday schools throughout the entire state. He is 
a man of splendid bnsinass ability, unusual enei-gy and unquestioned 
probity. As a citizen he is a valuable adjunct to Jonesboro and as a 
man his affability commands to him the confidence and regard of all 
with whom he has come in contact. 

Andrkw A. Connelly. In the Irgitimate channels of agriculture 
and real estate Andrew A. Connelly is winning the success which 
always crowns well directed labor, sound judgment and executive ca- 
pacity of a high order, and at the same time he has concerned him- 
self with the affairs of Craighead county in a loyal, public-spirited 
way, so that the community accoiiuts him one of its leading and repre- 
sentative citizens. He is extensively interested in farm lands and is 
one of the most enthusiastic upon the subject of the future of the 
.state, in which he has made his residence for the past fifteen years. 

By the circumstance of birth Mr. Connelly is a son of Illinois, 
his birth having occurred in White county September 7. 1859. Al- 
though himself an American, his father, also Andrew, was born in 
Ireland and came to the United States as a young man in search of 
the much-famed opportunity presented by the newer country. He 
married after reaching our shores, the young woman to become his 
wife being Miss Alvira Biggerstaff. He clied in White county, IllinoTs, 
during the infancy of his son. the subject, and .shortly after his own 
death his wife passed away. Their children were Hugh, of White 
county, Illinois; Thomas, of Bloomfield, Missouri: Alfred, who died 
soon after locating in Paragould. Arkansas; Elizabeth, who became 
the wife of Patrick Malouey and resides in ^McLeansboro, Illinois; 
JIargaret. who died in Enfield, Illinois, a.s the wife of Charles Raine.s; 
Sarah, who became Mrs. Matthew (ilarrison, and resides in Belknap, 
^Montana ; and Andrew A., the youngest child. 

Thus left an orphan at an early age. the educational opportunities 
of ^Ir. Connelly were restricted, yet at the same time the very fact 
that he soon found it incumbent upon him to enter the lists as a wage 
earner doubtless worked to his advantage. He desired an education 
and in the face of obstacles he possessed himself of it. attending the 
public schools and securing a year at college, and amply supplementing 
this with independent study. After leaving college he entered upon 
a career as a teacher and for some time pursued this vocation in his 
native state. Finally convinced, with the ilyriad Minded, that "home- 
keeping youth have ever homely wits," he wandered far afield to 
southern California, where he sought a location. He eventually went 
ea.st to Mis.souri and located in Stoddard county, where he engaged 
in teaching in the common schools. From 1880 to 1890, hi.s chief 
interest was educational, but he drifted into farming and stock grow- 
ing and dealing in the vicinity of De.xter. In 1895 he removed to 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 11!)1 

Arkansas aud interested himself with agriculture, beeouung a large 
property owner, his three tracts of land embracing more than a thou- 
sand acres, and his holdings in Jonesboro being considerable, the man- 
agement of all requiring his daily activities. 

In 1904 Mr. Connelly entered local politics as a Democratic can- 
didate for the nomination as circuit clerk and recorder of Craighead 
county and was successful. He was elected in September to succeed 
T. W. Altman, was re-elected in 1906 and served four years, at the 
end of that time turning the office over to John R. West, who is one 
of the capable record men of the county and an old employe of the 
court house. His services were excellent and he enjoys the regard 
and confidence of his community. Mr. Connelly's ventui'es, both busi- 
ness and professional, have invariably been successful and he has ever 
given his affaii-s the intelligent care and guardianship essential to a 
healthy state in any sphere of activity. 

Mr. Connelly was united in marriage to Jliss ilary A. Howell 
December 27, 1886, in Bloomfield, Mi.ssouri. His wife is a daughter 
of Joseph Howell, a native of Tennessee, who enlisted from the state 
of ^lissouri into the army of the Confederacy and who is now a resi- 
dent of Dexter. Mr. and Mrs. Connelly are the parents of two daugh- 
ters— Lebelva, who was graduated from the Cape Girardeau Normal 
School, class of 1911 ; and Grace, a high school student of Jonesboro. 
The fraternal affiliations of the head of the house extend to the Wood- 
men of the World and the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

Thaddeus H. Caraway is prosecuting attorney of the Second 
Judicial Circuit of Arkansas and resides at Jonesboro, where he enjoys 
high prestige as an able and distinguished member of the legal fra- 
ternity and a citizen of much value in the many-sided life of the 
community. He has been identified with the state since the year 1901 
and a year later he found his way to this city whose charms and 
advantages have proven sufficiently potent to influence him to take up 
his permanent residence here. Mr. Caraway was born in Stoddard 
county, Missouri, October 17, 1871, and when a babe was taken by his 
parents to Carroll county, Tennessee, where he made his home until 
his advent into Arkansas. His father was Dr. Tolbert F. Caraway, 
a native Tennessean and a man well and favorably known in his pro- 
fession. The paternal antecedents were both Welsh and Scotch and 
the early repre.sentatives of the family located in North Carolina. The 
Caraways were from the Valley of the Shannon River in Ireland and 
Erin gave America the first of the name just previous to the war of 
the American Revolution. 

Dr. Caraway was a Confederate soldier; prepared himself for his 
career after his marriage, and he journeyed to the "Undiscovered Coun- 
try" in 1872, while living in Carroll county, Tennessee. The maiden 
name of the wife was Mary E. Scates, and she survived her honored 
husband for a full quarter of a century, for her demise occurred in 
1897 in Arkansas. They were the parents of two sons — Ennnet L., 
a farmer residing near Manila. Arkansas, and Thaddeus H. of this 
review. 

Mr. Caraway received his education in the public schools and 
found his earliest means of livelihood as a teacher, also by the salary 
therefrom finding a way to secure a finished education. He enrolled 
as a student of Dickson College, of Dickson, Tennessee, and attended 
that institution of learning intermittently, teaching in Tennessee and 
Arkansas in the meantime until his graduation in 1896, with the degree 



11!)2 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

cif Bachelor of Arts. For the three years foUowiug he was identified 
with the pedagogical profession and as an educator became known by 
his work in both Clay and Mississippi counties. He became imbued 
with the ambition to become a member of the legal fraternity, and 
having spent his vacations and other spare time in reading law, was 
duly admitted to the bar at Osceola, Arkansas, in 1900, before Judge 
F. G. Taylor. He spent the first year in the practice in Lake City 
and then established himself in Jonesboro, where he has ever since 
remained, gaining, to be Shakespearean, "Golden opinions from all 
sorts of people." He is a member of the law firm of Lamb & Caraway, 
Mr. N. F. Lamb being his partner. It was not. however, before his 
candidacy for prosecutor of his district that Mr. Caraway became 
prominent in politics. He is a Democrat, and was nominated at the 
primaries of 1908 and elected in the September following. He suc- 
ceeded L. C. Going and was elected in 1910 for a second term. 

On February 5, 1902, Mr. Caraway laid the foundation of a par- 
ticularly happy life companionship by his union with Miss Hattie 
Wyatt, daughter of Carroll Wyatt, a merchant and fai-mer and of 
Virginia birth. Two young sons, Paul Wyatt, born in 1905, and 
Forest, born in July, 1909, share tlieir pleasant cultured home with 
them, and within its portals will be reared to the good ideals of man- 
hood and womanhood represented by their father and mother. 

Mr. Caraway finds thorough en.joyment in the good fellowship 
provided by his fraternal affiliations. He is a member of the Knights 
of Pythias and the Benevdlent and Protective Order of Elks and is a 
iMaster Mason. 

Norman C. Wolff, manager of the Wolff-Goldman ^Mercantile 
Company of Newport, is one of the youngest mei'chants of the state 
and at the same time one of the most successful. He was born in Jack- 
son <-(iiiiity. Aikjinsas. in July. 1885, and received his education in 
the piilili.' .srlidols (if Newport and St. Louis. From the year 1902 he 
has lifiii id. 'ii tilled with the business of the firm, beginning as a clerk 
in the store and reaching tlie management of the estnhlisliinciit by ]iro- 
motion until he now holds the offices of secretary ;iiiil i iimmhit. 

The Wolft'-Goldman Company is one of inten'siini;' histdiy, its 
growth and development having been quite remarkable. It was origi- 
nated and directed by two young German Jews, who began their lives 
as clerks in Jacksonport, Arkansas, about the year 1873. Both Sig- 
mund WoliJ, father of the subject, and Isaac Goldman were born in 
the Fatherland, the former in Neustadt, in 1857. They began their 
independent career in Jacksonport and when Newport gave promise 
of becoming a thriving center, they .joined hands with the promoters 
of the place and were ever after that active factors in its affairs. They 
expanded according to the needs of the town and the present immense 
department store, housed in a splendid two-story pressed brick building 
erected in 1910 by Norman C. Wolff, is a monument to the wisdom 
and foresight of the originators of the enterprise. The ground space 
covered is one hundi'cd by one hundred and twenty-five feet and many 
departments are represented under its roof. Not alone is the company 
VMlnable in tliat it supplies in admirable fashion the manifold needs 
(if the town, but it also furnishes a market for the various pi-oducts 
111' llir farm, and i.s thus an additional factor towards the prosperity 
(>r Jackson county. 

Signnind Wolff :uid his partner subsequently ostablisbcil them- 
selves in business in St. Louis. TluMr l)usiness in the ]\Iiss(iuri metrop- 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1193 

olis was the Marquette Cloak & Suit Company, and this enterprise 
was under his direction until January 18, 1909, when his death oc- 
curred. The subject's mother was Miss Elise Altschul, of New York, 
and he is one of the four children born to them. 

Norman C. Wolff is admirably equipped by nature and training 
for a commercial cai-eer and is the dynamo which drives the great 
establishment to success. He possesses much executive ability, sound 
judgment and an unerring insight into the public tastes and need. In 
addition to the interests above mentioned he is vice-president of the 
Fir.st National Bank of Newport; is secretary of the Wolft'-Goldman 
Realty Company and of the Marquette Suit & Cloak Company, all of 
which are under the same management. He finds pleasure in his fra- 
ternal relations with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
and he is also a Mason. Mr. Wolf is unmarried. 

Osc-VR E. Jones, M. D. Devoting his time and energies to one of 
the most exacting of the higher lines of occupation, Oscar E. Jones, 
M. D., holds an assured position among the able and skilful physicians 
of Newport, having succeeded to the practice here established by his 
father, Dr. John M. Jones, late of this city. His grandfather. Darling 
Jones, a life-long farmer of Weakley county, Tennessee, married Mar- 
garet Miller, and Ihey became the parents of the following-named 
children: William H., of Paragould, Arkansas; Dr. Andrew M., de- 
ceased, was for many years a practicing physician at Weldon, Ar- 
kansas; Marion, of Missouri; Dr. John M., father of the subject of this 
brief biographical notice; and Mrs. Sallie Kensett, of Cisco, Texas. 

Dr. John M. Jones, born in Weakley county, Tennessee, in 1845, 
acquired his literary and professional education in the Vanderbilt and 
Nashville universities, leaving college, however, before completing his 
course to enlist in General Forrest's Cavalry, with which he was con- 
nected thi'oughout the Civil war. He subsequently taught school for 
awhile, preferring a professional career to life on a farm. On obtain- 
ing his degree of M. D. he located in Newport, Arkansas, being among 
the first of the professional men to add his citizenship to the new 
town which was destined to become the county-seat of Jackson county. 
Successful as a practitioner, he remained here, a loyal and faithful 
citizen, until his death, in February, 1908. 

An active and sincere advocate of the co-operation of the men 
of his profession. Dr. John M. Jones was a member of the Jackson 
County Medical Society, of which he was several times made president; 
and belonged to both the Arkansas State Medical Society and the 
American Medical Association. He was a sound Democrat in politics, 
and for two terms was county judge of Jackson county. He was a 
Scottish Rite Mason, and a member of the Methodist church. 

Dr. John M. Jones married Callie Patterson, a daughter of Gilbert 
Patterson, of Weakley county. Tennessee. She survived her husband 
but three days, passing away in Februarj', 1908, leaving five children, 
namely: Nora, wife of W^illiam Yerger, of Lake Village, Arkansas; 
James L., of Little Eock; Minnie, wife of N. Lacey Tillman, of Little 
Rock ; Dr. Oscar E. ; and Hazel, wife of Duncan L. Moore, of Little 
Rock. 

Obtaining his rudimentary education in the schools of Newport, 
Oscar E. Jones entered the University of Arkansas, where he continued 
his studies until the sophomore year. He was afterwards clerk in a 
wholesale grocery in Newport for a time. At the age of twenty-one 
years he began reading medicine with his father, and in April, 1902. 

Vol. Ill— 7 



1194 HISTORY OF AKKAXSAS 

was graduated from Vauderbilt University with the degree of il. D. 
Dr. Jones was subsequently in partnership with his father as long as 
the latter lived, and has since continued in active practice in Newport, 
where his patronage is extensive and remunerative. 

The Doctor is a member of the county and state medical societies, 
and of the National Medical Society of the old school. In 1903 and 
1904 Dr. Jones was a member of the State Boai'd of Medical Exam- 
iners, having been appointed to the position by Governor Davis, upon 
the recommendation of the State Medical Society. He now holds the 
appointment of Acting Assistant Surgeon of the Public Health and 
Marine Hospital Service of the United States at Newport. The Doctor 
is one of the directors of the Farmers' Bank of Newport. He is a 
Ma-son, belonging to Jackson Lodge, A. F. & A. ]\I., which he has rep- 
resented at the Grand Lodge. He is also a member of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. In his religious views he is a Methodist. 

Dr. Jones married, in Newport, August 6, 1902, Fannie Redman, 
a daughter of George Redman, of Jacksonport, and their two children 
are Oscar E. Jones, Jr., and Lacey Tillman Jones. 

Jacob M. Ivy. Public-spirited and enterprising, Jacob M. Ivy, 
of Newport, has ever taken an intelligent interest in local aft'aii-s. and 
since assuming the duties devolving upon him as treasurer of Jackson 
county has proved himself eminently capable and eiifieient as a public 
officer. A son of Christopher C. Ivy, he was born February 16, 1874, 
in Winston county, Mississippi, of pioneer stock. His paternal grand- 
father, Jesse Ivy, spent his earlier years in Alabama. Lured west- 
ward in the late forties, he located in Winston county, Mississijipi, 
where he bought land and was busily employed in its culture during 
his remaining years. To him and his good wife, whose maiden name 
was Kate Sanders, seven children were born, as follows: Christopher 
Columbus; Mary, who married John Kinard; James; Sarah; Matthew; 
Thomas; and Nancy, wife of Rush McKay. 

Born in Alabama in 1840, Christopher Columbus Ivy was a small 
lad when his parents moved to Winston county, Tennessee, where he 
was reared and educated. Enlisting soon after the outbreak of the 
Civil war among the early recruits for the maintenance of the Con- 
federate government, he was a part of Mississippi's contribution to 
the Confederate forces, and served in General Forrest's cavalry. Cap- 
tured in battle, he was for six months confined in a Federal prison 
in Baltimore, and when exchanged re.joined the army and servpd as 
a soldier until the close of the war. Returning then to Mississippi, 
he adopted the independent occupation of his ancestors and was en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits until his death, which occurred in 1908, 
in Oktibbeha county, Mississippi. He married Mary A. Kinard, a 
daughter of William Kinard, who was of German lineage, and to 
them nine children were born, namely : William, a resident of Missis- 
sippi ; Mary E., wife of Jacob M. Kinard, of Mississippi; Jacob M., 
the special subject of this brief sketch; Sallie, wife of James Jones, of 
Mississippi; John A., of Mississippi; Sam. of Jackson county, Ar- 
kansas; Otis, a resident of Mississippi: and Zorado, wife of a ]\Ir. 
Carthy, of Mississippi. 

But a country youth when he left Mississipiii. with but littli* 
knowledge of books and less, probably, of the world. Jacob M. Ivy 
arrived in Jackson county, Arkansas, witli no capital save his own 
strong hands and courageous heart. Looking al)out for work on a 
farm, he secured employment with Henry Rushing, with whom he re- 




REV. HENRY N. PIERCE 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1195 

iiiaiiied for a year, when he began farming on his own account, in his 
labors meeting with fair success. During the leisure seasons between 
.seed time and harvest he drifted into the timber business, and for 
several years was prosperously engaged in getting out ties and timber 
for the Sedgwick Tie and Timber Company. Subsequently Mr. Ivy 
embarked in mercantile pursuits at Grubbs, Jackson county, continu- 
ing, however, to handle ties and timber as heretofore. At the end of 
three years he left the store and returned to farming and stock deal- 
ing, which he had previously carried on while dealing in general mer- 
chandise, his farm being located on the Cache river. On assuming 
the office of county treasurer, Mr. Ivy moved from his rural estate to 
Newport, where he is at present residing. 

During his various agricl^ltural and mercantile undertakings, Mr. 
Ivy, without any particular effort, became interested in polities, and 
at the psychological moment permitted his name to be used in connec- 
tion with the office of county treasurer. Encountering four compet- 
itors in the primary of 1910, Mr. Ivy became the party candidate by 
virtue of polling the largest primary vote, and at the election in Sep- 
tember, 1910, when he became the successor of Dr. F. G. Smith, had no 
opposition. Fraternally Mr. Ivy is a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, and a past noble grand of his lodge, which he has 
represented in the Arkansas Grand Lodge, lie also belongs to the 
Woodmen of the World. 

On January 25, 1893, ^Ir. Ivy married Ora Rushing, a daughter 
of Henry and Belle (Smith) Rushing, who reared six children, as 
follows: Ora, now Mrs. Ivy, Mrs. Pearl Rice; Luther; Lewis; Ennis; 
and Urban. Mr. and Mrs. Ivy are the parents of six children, namely : 
Clarence; Sim; Hettie P>. ; Dorothy ]\[ay : and Velma Lee and Selma 
Ree. twins. 



Bishop Henry Niles Pierce. The Protestant Episcopal diocese oi 
Arkansas has been presided over by the following bishops: 

1. Rt. Reverend Leonidas Polk, D. D., first missionary bishop ol 
Arkansas and the southwest, elected September 16, 1838. He made his 
lii-st visitation to Little Rock in March, 1839, where he was entertained 
by Colonel and Mrs. Chester Ashley, Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Causine and 
Mr. and Mrs. John H. Crease.* He organized the congregation of 
Christ Church and selected the lots at Fifth and Scott streets for the 
site of the church, donating nine hundred dollars for their purchase, 
which was consummated in 1841, and an additional lot in 1849. The 
church edifice first erected on the lots was begun in 1841, but was un- 
finished and unplastered to the end of February, 1842. This was tht 
planting of the Episcopal church in Arkansas. 

Bishop Polk resigned the charge of Arkansas upon his becoming 
missionary bishop of Louisiana in 1841, and was succeeded by Bishop 
Otey. On the outbreak of the war between the states, Bishop Polk 
espoused the southern cause and was made a general in her armies. Hi 
sei-ved with distinction in a number of campaigns and was killed by a 
cannon shot near Kennesaw, or Pine Mountain, Georgia, June 15, 1864. 

2. Rt. Rev. James Hewey Otey, successor of Bishop Polk, was con- 
stituted provisional missionary bishop of Arkansas by the general con- 
vention of the Episcopal church, and served as such until 1844, when 
the Rt. Rev. George Washington Freeman was chosen. Bishop Free- 

• annals of Christ ('Inirch Parish, Little Rock, by Mrs. 



lli)fi HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

man was eoiisecrated as missionary bishop of Arkansas. Texas, and the 
Indian territory, October 26, 1844. 

3. Bishop Freeman served as missionary bishop of Arkansas unti! 
his death, April 29, 1858, the Rt. Rev. Henry Champlin Lay beeoming 
his successor, having been consecrated as such, October 23, 1859. 

4. Bi.shop Lay served as missionary bishop of Arkansas until 1869, 
wlien he was transferred from the missionary field of the southwest to 
the diocese of Easton, in Maryland, and the Rt. Rev. Henry Niles Pierce, 
the subject of this sketch, became his successor. Bishop Pierce was con- 
seci-ate(l iiiissinnarv bisho]i of .Arkansas and Indian territory, January 
25, isTd. ;iiwl (li.'.i :it Fnycttrvillr, .\ i-k.'i iisas. September 5," 1899. He 

was su.M ilril liy i;i. \li\. Willi.iiii Al()!il'jiiiiiery Brown, the incumbent 

at this wi-iliuL;', wlio. bjiu- bishop L-uad.jutor at the time elected, June 
28, 1898, became bishop of the diocese of Arkansas by succession, the 
sixth bishop. 

Rt. Rev. Henry Niles Pierce was born in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, 
October 19, 1820, son of Ben.jamin Bentley Pierce and Susan (Walker) 
Pierce, who were members of the Baptist church of that place. He was 
ordained a deacon in the Episcopal church in Matagorda, Texas, April 
23, 1848, by Rt. Rev. George Washington Freeman, and was ordered a 
full priest by the same, January 3, 1849. He came to Arkansas from 
Mobile, where he had once been rector and at which place he was con- 
secrated missionary bishop of Arkansas and the Indian territory, Janu- 
ary 25, 1870. His last charge as rector was at Springfield, Illinois. For 
almost thirty years he served as bishop in Arkansas, discharging the 
arduous duties of the office with the utmost zeal and devotion. Of 
strong constitution, he was impervious to weariness or fatigue, and was 
indefatigable in his labors. The large missionary field that he had 
in charge involved long journeys and incessant traveling, amid dis- 
comforts, but these were nothing to a man of his endurance. A deep 
and original thinker, a close and penetrating student, he was n prnfrmnd 
theologian, and his discourses were models of concentrated tlnmolit. 
Gifted with a voice of remarkable qualities for strength anil clianirss, 
his preaching was of unusual force and impressiveness. He also had 
poetic gifts and has left behind him a small volume of verse, entitled 
■'The Agnostic," containing many charming poems. Not only the up- 
building of congregations in the diocese, but the erection of churches as 
well, was his con.stant care, and among these was Trinity Cathedral, in 
Little Rock, the see city, the building of which was due to his efforts, 
almost single-handed and unaided. He served as missionaiy bishop until 
1889, when, at the annual council in May of that year, he formally ac- 
cepted the office of diocesan instead of missionary bishop; and there- 
after his labors were confined to Arkansas alone. In August, 1899, he 
went to Fayetteville, Arkansas, to relieve Rev. J. J. Vaulx, to enable 
that divine to recruit his health by a month's vacation at Colorado 
Springs, and officiated there for the month. His own health had become 
somewhat impaired and his last service was on Augu.st 13 in St. Paul's 
church, of Fayetteville, when he administered the holy communion. In 
the bc'jiiiiiiii'j of September he was seized with an il]ne.s.s which termi- 
natiMl r,ii;illy September 5. 1899, at the age of seventy-nine years. Thus 
his last iiiini^iciial office upon earth was to do the bidding of Him who 
said: '"{'his do in remembrance of Me." His remains were brought 
to Little Rock and were interred from Trinity Cathedral September 7, 
in sei-vices conducted by his son. Rev. Abraham Wallace Pierce, with 
an extraordinarily large gathering of clerary and laity attesting their 
devotion. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1197 

Of him, Lis fellow bishops of Missouri, Arkansas and Dallas, Texas, 
Bishops Tuttle, Brown and Garrett, in a memorial, justly said: 

"As a man, his scholarship and superior ability gave him influence and au- 
Ihority; as a bishop, he ruled his large and difficult field with courage and constancy. 
Everyone knew his views. His trumpet gave no uncertain sound." 

From 1852 to 1854 he was rector of Christ Church, Matagorda, 
Texas. At that place he married Miss Nannie Haywood Sheppard, 
April 18, 1854. Of this marriage there is at this writing the Rev. A. 
Wallace Pierce, who has been mentioned, and Mrs. Elizabeth Lyman, a 
vocalist of renown. Another daughter, Mrs. Susan Sheppard Stevens, 
deceased, achieved fame as an authoress, writing over the nom de plume 
of "Sheppard Stevens." 

George R. Hays. In the list containing the names of the public 
officers of Jackson county that of George R. Hays, eix-cuit clerk, holds 
an honored position. He is a man of ability and worth, and has filled 
the various offices to which he has been called in a most creditable 
manner, showing that the confidence and trust reposed in him by the 
people were not unworthily bestowed. A native of Tennessee, he was 
born March 30, 1871, ui Gibson county, being one of a large family of 
children. 

His father, Jesse J. Hays, was born in Wake county. North Caro- 
lina, in 1822, and in early life became a resident of Tennessee. During 
the Civil war he served for a short time in General Forrest's command 
of Confederates. Subsequently resuming farming in Gibson county, 
Tennessee, he remained there until his death, in 1901. He married 
Hepsy M. Butler, a daughter of James Butler, of Tennessee, and 
they became the parents of the following-named children : William, 
who died of wounds inflicted while a Confederate soldier; James G., 
of AVest Tennessee; Thomas J., an attorney-at-law in Nashville, Ten- 
nessee; Mrs. Belle Williams, of Marmaduke, Arkansas; Frank M., of 
Trenton, Tennessee; Mrs. Mary Watts, who died in Paducah, Ken- 
tucky, in 1906; Mrs. Adelia Elder, of Trenton, Tennessee; Mrs. Luella 
Johnson, of Little Rock; J. D., of Memphis; Mrs. Alice Williams, of 
Trenton, Tennessee; and George R. 

The rudimentary education which George R. Hays obtained in the 
schools of his native district was supplemented by an attendance of 
two terras at Clinton College, in Clinton, Keutucky. Thus equipped, 
he came in 1889 to Arkansas and found employment in a store at 
Cherry Valley, in Cross county, the position being very similar to one 
which he had previously held in Bradford, Gibson county, Tennessee. 
Giving tip his clerkship, he capsheafed his education by taking a busi- 
ness course at Bryant & Stratton's College, in Louisville, Kentucky. 
Becoming a bookkeeper then for the proprietors of a stave factory 
near Cherry Valley, Mr. Hays remained there until 1893, when he 
located in Newport, and for the two following years was engaged in 
transcribing the county records in the compilation of a set of abstract 
records for Colonel Lancelot Minor and J. J. Walker. 

A vacancy occurring about that time in the office of the county 
surveyor. Governor Jones appointed Mr. Hays to the office, in which 
he served satisfactorily for three years. He was next appointed deputy 
county and probate clerk by the incumbent of the office, Mr. E. L. 
Boyee, and served in that capacity for three years. In the meantime 
^Ir. Hays, who was becoming well known in the ranks of the Demo- 
cratic party, made his first race for office, and was defeated for the 
nomination of sherifl'.. From 1900 until 1908, Mr. Havs centered his 



1198 HISTOEY OF ARKANSAS 

interests iu real estate, ably exploiting the merits of this section of 
Ai'kansas, and was influential in inducing much outside investigation 
and locating many new and desirable settlers in and about Newport. 

Making a race for the nomination for circuit clerk in 1908, he be- 
came the nominee of the Democratic party, and was elected in Sep- 
tember of that year. He served in that position with such ability and 
fidelity that in 1910 he had the honor of being re-elected to the same 
uf&ce for another term of two years. 

Mr. Hays married, December 18, 1895, iu Jackson county, Ar- 
kansas, Sallie Stephens, a daughter of Mr. G. K. Stephens, and into 
their pleasant household three children have made their appearance, 
namely: Thelma Stephens, Mary Frances and George R., Jr. Fra- 
ternally Mr. Hays is a member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, of the Knights of Pythias, of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks and of the AVoodmen of the World. 

Henry 0. Walker, M. D. The influence, succes.s and good repu- 
tation which a physician may attain in a community depends entirely 
upon his professional knuv Ird'jv. sldll and ability, qualifications which 
are possessed in an emiiiriii il.urci' by Henry O. Walker, M. D., of 
Newport, one of the foreimiNl [iliysicians of this part of Jackson county. 
He was born November 1, 1S78, at Jacksonport, ArkaiLsas, and is a 
representative of one of the post-bellum families of the state, his 
father, Joseph J. Walker, having settled in Jackson county soon~after 
the termination of the Civil war. 

Born in Logan county, Kentucky. Josejih J. Walker spent a few- 
years of his earlier life in Illinois, from fhei-e migrating as a young 
man to Arkansas and permanently identifying him.self with its people. 
Settling in Jacksonport, he was at first engaged in tilling the soil, 
but retired from agrieultiiral pursuits to become bookkeeper for Mr. 
E. L. Watson, the leading merchant of that place. While serving in 
that capacity he formed an extensive acquaintance throiighout Jackson 
county and laid the foundation for his long and. for the public, suc- 
cessful political career. 

When Joseph J. AValker offered himself as a candidate for the 
office of county and circuit clerk, in the late .seventies, the pulse of 
the Democratic party responded promptly to his ambitions and elected 
him. Subsequently asking to be made sherifif and collector, his service 
in the first office proved a sufficient recommendation, and he was elected 
the chief peace officer of Jackson county. Having acquired the habit 
of office-holding, it became his business, and when one term expired 
he succeeded himself as naturally as night turns into day, continuing 
in public positions until his death, in 1899. 

A man of excellent ability, possessing good .iudgment. and a uni- 
versal friend-winner, Joseph J. Walker would have had uo trouble in 
ae(iuiring a modest fortune had he remained in private business, but 
as a public servant he was too warm-heai-fed and kindly di.sposed to 
save even the earnings of his office. A favor asked of him was a favor 
granted, from searching the records for a friend to the endorsing of 
a note of those who proved to be far from fi-iendly to him. The lustre 
of his life, however, both as a public official and a private citizen, still 
shines brightly, and he will long be veiiicnibered among the leading 
men of Jackson county. 

Joseph J. Walker married Deborah Fou.shee. who died in 1890. 
leaving four children, namely: Joseph G., head accountant for the 
Broadway Bank and Trust Company of Los Angeles, California : Dr. 



HISTORY OF AliKAXSAS 1199 

Henry 0., of Newport; Mrs. Emma Becker, of iluscatine, Iowa; and 
:Mrs. Charles L. Watkins, of Little Rock. Dr. John Poushee, father 
of Mrs. Walker, was of French ancestry, and married a French lady, 
Elizabeth Fontaine. He was graduated from the medical department 
of the University of Louisville with the class of 1847, and for many 
years was one of the more skilful and successful physicians of Jackson 
county, Arkansas. 

After his graduation from the Newport High School, Henry O. 
Walker entered the University of Arkansas, where he completed the 
sophomore year. In 1898 he took up the study of medicine at the 
Washington University, in Saint Louis, and was there graduated with 
the degree of M. D. in 1902. Immediately beginning the practice of 
his profession in Newport, Dr. Walker has continued here without 
interruption, save when he was doing post-graduate work in the New- 
York Polyclinic School. The Doctor belongs to various professional 
organizations, including the Jackson Coimty and the Arkansas State 
Medical societies, and the American Medical Association. He also 
holds membership in the medical fraternity, Nu Sigma Nu. and in the 
"University frat," Sigma Alpha Epsilon. He is likewise a member of 
the Royal Arcanum; of the Woodmen of the World; and a member 
and a trustee of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. The 
Doctor has acquired considerable property, being a stockholder in the 
First National Bank of Newport, one of the stable financial institu- 
tions of the state, and owns his home. He is president of the Newport 
Board of Health, secretary of the Newport Board of Education, and 
ever stands ready for any public measure to the extent of his time 
and ability. 

On June 15, 1904, Dr. Walker was united in marriage with Susan 
Dorsey Jones, daughter of James S. and Lucy E. (Wilmans) Jones, 
of whom mention is made on another page of this work. The Doctor 
and Mrs. Walker have one living child, Martha Fontaine Walker. 

Claude ;M. Erwin. Among the able and influential members of 
the Arkansas bar is Claude M. Erwin, of Newport, the prosecuting 
attorney for the Third Judicial Circuit of Arkansas, a man of pro- 
nounced ability and forceful individuality. A son of Dr. Marion M. 
Erwin, he was born September 29, 1878, of semi-pioneer stock, his 
ancestors having come here from Tennessee, the near-by state, which 
has contributed so many worthy and desirable citizens to this com- 
monwealth. His grandfather. Wade Hampton Erwin, gained distinc- 
tion during the Civil war by serving, with seven of his sons, in the 
Confederate army, all returning home at the close of the conflict. 

Born near Knoxville. Tennessee, in 1850, Marion M. Erwin came 
with his parents to Arkansas in 1859. and was brought up and edu- 
cated in" Sharp county, his youthful days being spent on the home farm. 
Taking a thorough course in the study of medicine, he was subse- 
quently actively engaged in the practice of his profession in Jackson 
county, Arkansas, for thirty-four years, his death occurring in New- 
port Angu.st 2, 1909. Dr. Erwin married Kittie A. Wright, whom he 
met in Lawrence county, and there wooed and won. Her father, George 
W. Wright, migrated from Kentuck.y to Lawrence county, Arkansas, 
where he improved a good farm. He married a Miss Oldham, a kins- 
woman of the well-known Oldham family of Helena, Arkansas, and a 
cousin of Mrs. Eagle, wife of Governor Eagle, of Arkansas. Of the 
union of Dr. and Mrs. Erwin four children were born, as follows: 
William L,, of Newport: Claude M., the special subject of this l)riGf 



1200 HISTOEY OF ARKANSAS 

personal review; Ira H., M. D., of Newport, a specialist on 
the eye, ear, nose and throat; and Katherine Dove, of Newport. 

Brought up in the country, Claude M. Erwin developed an active 
mind and a vigorous physical physique that has proved a valuable 
asset in his career. Having completed his elementary education with 
a good record for scholarship, he began the study of law and was 
graduated from the Saint Louis Law School with the class of 1903. 
Being admitted to the Arkansas bar before Judge F. D. Fulkerson in 
July of that year, he immediately began the practice of his profession 
in Newport, where he has met with eminent success. His influence in 
political fields soon became apparent, and in 1906 he was a candidate 
before the primary for prosecuting attorney of his judicial district, 
and became so popular during the campaign that he received a flatter- 
ing vote, his defeat being almost as good as a victory. In 1908 and 
1909 Mr. Erwin served as city attorney of Newport, and in 1910 was 
one of several candidates for the office he now holds. The Third Judi- 
cial Circuit of Arkansas embraces the counties of Jackson, Lawrence, 
Independence and Stone, the first three of which had candidates in 
the primary race. Despite the opposition, Mr. Erwin carried every 
county in the district, being elected by a handsome majority to suc- 
ceed his predecessor in the office, Hon. G. L. Grant. 

During his candidacy the standing of Mr. Erwin was plainly 
shown by the favorable attitude of the press, which spoke of him in 
the highest terms and to the point. The Newport Independent spoke 
of him as a young man of clean-cut character, persistent energy, and 
expressed its pleasure and pride in presenting his name to the voters 
of the district. The Walnut Kidge Blade, one of the leading journals 
of Lawrence county, paid him well-deserved compliments, saying: 
"Mr. Erwin is no new man to Lawrence county people. He made such 
a manly, creditable race for the same office four years ago that every- 
bod.y fell in love with Claude. The.v made up their minds then and 
there that he should come under the wire in the next race. Claude 
Erwin has all the requirements to fill the important office he seeks. 
He is a good lawyer, honest, energetic, and conscientious: ju.st, genial, 
and a Democrat from start to fini.sh : and if there is anything else that 
is good, he is that, also. Democrats must keep liim in miiid.'" The 

promises which Mr. Erwin made to liis ist it iitiitv ;i^ ,i r:i i,li,late he 

has faithfully fulfilled thus far, having rriircscMtid tin- Smti^'s inter- 
ests in the courts with the same "zeal, integrity and ability" that he 
ever gave to his individual clients. 

On December 7, 1904, Mr. Erwin married Elizabeth "Watson, a 
daughter of E. L. Watson, and they have one child, Claude M. Erwin, 
Jr. E. L. Watson was born in 1819 in Pulaski county. Georgia, but 
was brought up and educated in Clinton, Hickman county, Kentucky. 
In 185.3 he located at Jacksonport, Jackson count.v. Arkansas, where he 
was a leading merchant for a immber of years. Becoming a pioneer 
settler of Newport in 1882, he invested in much property and rendered 
material aid in the upbuilding of the place. He served the city as 
alderman, was promnient in Masonic circles, and after his retirement 
fi'om mercantile pursuits in 1887 devoted his remaining years to the 
.supervision of his private property, which included vast areas of land 
in Lawrence, Independence and Jackson counties, and valuable inter- 
ests in Newport and Tjittle Rock. During the Civil war IMr. Watson 
was a member of the Eighth Arkansas Infantry until after the battle 
of Shiloh, when he was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Depart- 
ment of the Confederate army, in which he sei-ved until the close of 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 12ul 

the war. He died in Newport, Arkansas, August 1, 1901, his death 
beiBg a deep loss to the public, as well as to his family and friends. 
Mr. Watson married first in Kentucky, and of their children the only 
survivor is Thomas J. Watson, late president of the First National 
Bank of Newport. Mr. Watson married second Elizabeth Caldwell, 
who was born in Independence county, Arkansas, in 1839, and they be- 
came parents of four children, namely: 0. D., an attorney and a lead- 
ing business man and planter of Newport; Mrs. James A. Watkins, of 
little Rock; Mrs. Claude M. Erwin; and Mrs. 0. S. Lawrence. 

Fraternally Mr. Erwin is a member and a past worshipful master 
of Jackson Lodge, No. 191, A. F. & A. M., and a member of the Knights 
of Pythias and of the Woodmen of the World. Brought up in a Chris- 
tian home, he became converted when a young man and united with 
the ilethodist church. South, and is now a member of the Board of 
Stewards of the Newport church. 

Judge Ch^veles Davis Frierson. A young man who is generally 
recognized as one of the most able members of the bench and bar of 
Arkansas is Charles Davis Frierson, of Jonesboro, presiding judge of 
the Twelfth Chancer}' Circuit. He is well fitted by native ability and 
acquirement for his office and doubtless many fruitful years of useful 
and brilliant service lie before him. Judge Fi'ierson is a native son 
of the state, his birth having occvirred in Cross county December 9, 
1877. His father was Judge James G. Frierson, who died while serv- 
ing his second term on the bench of the Circuit court of this district, 
his demise occurring in 1883. The father established the family in 
Arkansas, coming from Mississippi, his native state, after the Civil 
war. He was born in the year 1835, and was prepared for the law in 
the University of Mississippi, the period during which he was attack- 
ing his Blackstone being that at which the Hon. Lucius Quintus Cin- 
cinnatus Lamar, the noted statesman and .jurist, was a member of the 
faculty. The youth and early professional career of James G. Frier- 
son was passed in the troublous days just preceding the Civil war, when 
the nation was on the eve of entering the Valley of Decision. With his 
young a.ssoeiates he entered the Confederate army, was commissioned 
a captain of infantry of the Mississippi troops, and served the South- 
land durinc the contest with patriotic zeal. Upcm coming to Arkansas 
soon after the rebellion, he located in Cross county and resumed his 
practice of the law. Possessing the gift of leadership, he entered pol- 
itics as a Democrat and was elected to the State Senate, being presi- 
dent of that body during the Brooks-Baxter war. He was a member 
of the Constitutional Convention of 1874 and helped to frame the present 
constitution of the state. He was elected circuit judge in 1882, and in 
this field he exhibited a strong hand in the performance of his duties, 
fairness and impartiality characterizing his decisions, and his opinions 
revealing a sound knowledge of the law and manifesting a practical 
tendency in the solution of points of equity, which combined to make 
him an unexcelled judicial officer. His career was cut short in the 
full fruition of his powers by death, his years numbering but forty- 
eight when he passed on to the "Undiscovered Country." 

Judge James G. Frierson married Miss Emma Davis, a daughter 
of Dr. N. A. Davis, of Springfield. Missouri. She survived him for a 
number of years, her demise occurring in 1899. Their issue were Mrs. 
Allen Hughes and Gordon Frierson, twins, residing in Memphis, Ten- 
nessee, and Judge Charles D.. of this review. 

Charles D. Frierson came with his parents to Crnitrhoad county 



1202 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

when a child of six years and here were passed the roseate days of 
youth. After receiving his public school education he entered the old 
State Normal School at Jonesboro and subsequently enrolled as a stu- 
dent of the State University, where he served for a time as private sec- 
retary of President John L. Buchanan. In his junior year at college 
he abandoned a literary course and became a student in the law depart- 
ment of the University, from which he was graduated in 1900, with 
the honors of his class, an achievement for which his brother had fur- 
nished a precedent four years before. Previous to completing his col- 
legiate work Judge Frierson received an insight into court work from 
another angle as stenographer for the Second judicial district. .After 
holding this position for a year, he accepted a position, also in the 
capacity of stenographer, with a grain firm in Memphis and remained 
there for a similar period. Later deciding to follow in the paternal 
footsteps in the matter of a life work, he entered the University- of 
Arkansas Law Department, with the results above mentioned. He was 
admitted to the bar in June. 1900, before Judge F. G. Taylor ; was two 
years later admitted to the bar of the State Siipreme Court and to the 
Federal Court in 1904. before Judge Triber. 

As a young squire in the legal field Judge Frierson opened his 
office in Jonesboro and was fortunate in forming a partnership with 
Judge Allen Hughes and remained for two years with that gentleman, 
who was one of the most active attorneys of the state. Since severing 
this association he has practiced alone. Since his earliest voting days 
he has subscribed to the articles of faith for which the Democratic 
party stands sponsor and his talents were brovight into requisition in 
two terms service as city attorney of Jonesboro. His practice has for 
the most part been concerned with civil business, with especial refer- 
ence to chancery, real e.state and corporation matters. With the cre- 
ation of the new chancery district in April, 1911. embracing the coun- 
ties of Crittenden, Poinsett, Graighead. Miiisissippi. Clay and Greene, 
he was appointed to the bench of this circuit April 24 and began his 
work in Crittenden county in June. 

On April 30, 1901. Judge Frierson was united in marriage to ;\Iiss 
Charlotte Gallaway, daughter of John B. Gallaway, of Memphis, Ten- 
nessee. They were students in the University at the same time, and 
a college courtship has been crowned with an ideally happy married 
companionship. They share their charming, cultured homo with a 
small son, Charles Davis Frierson, Jr. 

Judge Frier.son belongs to the Creek letter fraternity Kappa Alpha 
and is affiliated with the Blue Lodge, Chapter and Council of Masons. 
He is a "Workman" and a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
to whose good causes he gives his earnest support. 

Wn.LiAM R. Jones. This is one of the influential citizens of Marion 
CDunty. He was born, of poor parents, near Sims. Wayne county. 
Illinois, in 1861. He came of that .strong Welch family of Jones that 
has forged to the front all over the world. His father, John Jones, 
was the first white man born in Wayne county, Illinois, in 1817. He 
was a farmer, a teacher and a Baptist preacher. He was the father 
of seven children: Cadweleder, Peter, Mary, John S., Charle.s, James 
and William R. None are living at this writing, 1911, except John S. 
and this subject. John S. is livins; near Wayne Citv. Illinois. 

The maiden name of the mother of the above seven childivn was 
Nancy Staten (SlajionV She was a daughter of Peter Staten, who 
came to Wavne countv. Illinois, in 1818. from near Crab Orchard, 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1-203 

Kentucky. His father and mother were among^ the first settlers of 
Kentiickj- from North Carolina. His mother was murdered by Ken- 
tucky Indians, cut to pieces and hanged in a blackjack bnsh. 

The paternal grandfather of the subject of this history was also 
born in North Carolina, and he married Elizabeth, the daughter of 
Robert Anderson of Revolutionary fame. This old soldier of fortune, 
his sons and his sons-in-law fought their way from North Carolina, 
through Tennessee, Kentucky. Indiana, and reached Wayne and Ed- 
wards county, Illinois, about 1815. They had fought the Indians, the 
British, the wild beasts, the malaria and everything else on their long 
journey through the wilderness. The son-in-law, Cadwaleder Jones, 
fired the first shot at Tippecanoe, and saw Tecumseh fall at the Thames. 
He was also a lieutenant colonel of an Illinois regiment during the 
Black Hawk war. His father was also named Cadwaleder. He was a 
famou-s North Carolina rifle maker during the Revolution, and there 
is a family tradition that his wife, who perhaps was a Cadwaleder, 
was the one who got Paul Jones his commission in the navy, and was 
in fact the one who persuaded him to change his name to Jones. The 
Jones family was among the first settlers of North Carolina, going 
Ihei'c from near Swansea, Wales. 

William R., the subject of this history, attended the public schools, 
also the Fairfield Collegiate School (now extinct), and the Normal 
School at Valparaiso, Indiana, where it developed that he was quite 
a public speaker. He returned home and in 1884 "stumped" Wayne 
county for Cleveland and Hendrix. During this campaign he was 
married to Miss Idella Robertson, a teacher and a most accomplished 
and noble .young lady. 

In 1886 Mr. Jones received, at the age of twenty-four, the Dem- 
ocratic nomination for superintendent of public instruction for Wayne 
county, but was defeated in the general election by the Republicans. 

In 1887 he removed his family to Yellville, Arkansas, where he 
has ever since resided. He and his wife taught in the public schools 
at Yellville for two years, after which ]\Tr. Jones bought the Mountain 
Echo and embarked in the new.spaper business. He helped bring on 
the mining boom in Marion county. He sold The Echo and went into 
the real estate business and macle money selling zinc, lead, marble, 
timber and farming lands. He was elected the representative for 
Marion county both in 1894 and 1896, and was one of the leading 
members of the Legislature during both terms, having served a.s chair- 
man of the Ways and Means Committee and the Committee on Mines 
and Mining. He also served on the Judiciary Committee and on the 
Commitee of Circuit and Justices Courts. During his first term he 
had a sensational personal difficulty with Governor Clarke. He re- 
turned home, asked a vindication at the hands of his people, received 
it, and at the end of hi.s next term retired from political life so far as 
he was personally concerned. But he has ever been, and is yet, a power 
in the polities of Marion county. 

His first wife died in 1894. She had brought to him four chil- 
dren : Bertha, Willie. Wilbur R. (Ralph) and Idella. Only Bertha 
and Wilbur R. are now living. Bertha is married to J. B. Ward, of 
Little Rock, and Wilbur J. is in the coast artillery in the United States 
army. In 1895 Mr. Jones again married, wedding Miss Lillie Carter, 
a splendid young lady of Yellville, who is yet living and who presides 
over their hospitable home. To this union one chilil only has been 
born, Tna, who is now a voung ladv of fifteen. 



1204 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

lu 1906 Mr. Jones was admitted to the practice of law by Judge 
E. 0. Mitchell. He is now a member of the firm of Jones & Seawel, 
which is doing a splendid law practice. 

After publishing The Echo for about fifteen years he sold it. 
But he recently organized a stock company of which he is president 
and bought The Echo plant. It has always been one of the best news- 
papers in North Arkansas. Mr. Jones is again editor. He is one of 
the best writers in the state. In 1906 he founded the Citizens' Bank 
and in 1907 bought a controlling interest in the Miners' Bank and con- 
solidated the two, making the Miners' and Citizens" Bank. This is 
one of the strongest banks in North Arkansas. It has more than dou- 
bled its bu.siness in four years. It ran wide open through the great 
panic of 1907, paying in full every depositor that called for his money. 
Mr. Jones owns a controlling interest in this in.stitution, which is cap- 
italized at twenty-five thoiisand dollars. He is also a large land owner, 
is president of the Yellville Telephone Company, and is the wealthiest 
man in his county. And he has made it all since moving to Arkansas, 
for he left Illinois with less than one hundred dollai's and was heavily 
in debt besides. He regrets that much of his life was spent in sin and 
rebellion against the Being who has been so good to him. He is now, 
at the age of forty-nine, trying to make amends. Three years ago he 
decided to return to the God who had saved him in his youth. He is 
now a member of the Missionary Baptist church and a lay preacher 
therein. Last year his Association elected him as a messenger to the 
Southern Baptist Convention at Jacksonville, Floi-ida. His church 
also elected him as a messenger to the Baptist State Convention at 
Fort Smith. Here he was highly honored. He was elected vice presi- 
dent of the body and had the honor of presiding over that august as- 
sembly an entire afternoon. He has found time amidst all his work 
to write a history of the peoples who have followed present Baptist 
principles since the days of the Apostles. It will soon be in print and 
is said by those who have seen it to possess real merit. 

Even the enemies of Mr. Jones, and he has some, admit that he is 
one of the strong men of the Ozai-ks. He has impressed his person- 
ality on his mountain friends. He has a splendid home, where he and 
his good wife dispense old-fashioned Northern and Southern hospi- 
tality. 

Mr. Jones at this writing is in the very prime and vigor of life, 
and it would seem that his career has just begun. He appears to pos- 
sess an endless capacity for work and adaptability. He is a Royal 
Arch Mason, and has sat in the Grand Lodge of Arkansas. He is also 
a "Woodman of the World. 



J.\MES Ai.oNzo Petty. For upwards of a quarter of a century a 
resident of Siloam Springs, James Alonzo Petty has contributed his full 
share towards advancing the material prosperity and growth of this 
section of Benton county, aiding in the establishment of beneficial enter- 
prises and rendering his fellow-citizens excellent service in various offi- 
cial capacities. A son of John C. Petty, he was born August 4, 1854, 
in Clinton county. Mo., near Haynesville, of Engli.sh ancestry. His 
paternal grandfather, James M. Petty, was born in Indiana, where his 
father was an early settler, and from there moved in pioneer times to 
Missouri, locating in Clinton county. 

The grandfather of James M. Petty, and the irreat-great-grand- 
father of James Alonzo Petty, was an Engli.shman and a soldier in the 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1305 

British army. T'lider command of liis king, he came to America to help 
whip out the spirit of revolution which had arisen among the colonists 
and quell the uprising of 1776. After the close of the struggle and the 
establishment of a free government on this side of the Atlantic, he set- 
tled in Tennessee, and there spent his remaining days. He was there 
three times married, by each union rearing a famil^'^ of six sons, one of 
whom, the father of James M., was a pioneer settler of Indiana. 

Bofn in Miami county. Indiana, in August, 1832, John C. Petty was 
but a boy when he accompanied his father to Clinton county, Missouri, 
where he was brought up on a farm. He subsequently learned the trade 
of a blacksmith, which he followed during his active career. He spent 
his last days in Neodesha, Kansas, his death occurring there in 1907. 
He was four times married. He mai-ried first Jane Surcy, a daughter 
of Reuben Surcy. She died during the infancy of her only child, James 
Alonzo Petty, the special subject of this brief personal record. He 
married second Caroline Morgan, who died in early womanhood, leaving 
one son, John Petty, who died at Storm Lake, Iowa, leaving a family. 
The maiden name of his third wife was Louisa Pritchard, who at her 
death left one child, Mrs. Fannie Rumbaugh, of Indiana. His fourth 
wife, who before marriage was Mollie Moore, survived him and is living 
in Neodesha, Kansas. She boi'e him three children, namely: Harry, 
Claude and Stella, of Neodesha, Kansas. 

Receiving a limited education in the district schools of Clinton 
county, James Alonzo Petty worked at the forge in his father's shop 
while yet a boy, and began life for himself with no capital save his well- 
learned trade, brave courage and brawny muscles. The resources, there- 
fore, which furnished the foundation of his present independent posi- 
tion in the business world were, in truth, pounded out by his skilled right 
arm. Coming to Arkansas in 1876, Mr. Petty followed his trade in 
Weddington, AVashington county, until 1883. when he located in Siloam 
Springs, which has since been his home. When, owing to the strain of 
incessant toil, his strong physique gave out, he abandoned his trade and 
sought other fields of activity as a livelihood. 

He has since been almost constantly identified with public affair.s, 
beginning his service when elected, on the Democratic ticket, as citj' 
mai-shal. He was afterwards city recorder and then .justice of the peace. 
In 1898 Mr. Petty was appointed United States commissioner, and has 
filled the office most creditably ever since. Several years ago he became 
a stockholder in the State Bank of Siloam Springs, and served as presi- 
dent of tluit iiistitiitimi until October, 1910. A man of good business 
ability and .iihl-mciit, he has erected several residential properties in 
the city, thus m.-milVsting in a practical manner his substantial interest 
in the permanent development of the place. 

On September 6, 1874. in Jasper county, INIissouri, Jfr. Petty was 
united in marriage with Mollie H. Mackie, a daughter of William 
Mackie, a Scotchman who came to the United States from Canada. IVIr. 
Mackie 's first wife died at a comparatively early age, leaving five chil- 
dren besides Mrs. Petty, as follows: A. W. Mackie, of San Saba, Texas; 
Mrs. Maggie Smith, of Cincinnati, Arkansas; Mrs. Aggie Copley, who 
died in Weddington, Arkansas; Annie, wife of William Davis, of Wed- 
dington; and" Jennie, wife of Archibald Harris, of Lenora, Oklahoma. 
Mr. Mackie married a second time, and by that union had two children. 
George Mackie and John Mackie, both now residing in Washington 
county, Arkansas. Mr. and Mrs. Petty are the parents of six children, 
namely: Harry, a resident of Siloam Springs, married Pearl McFar- 
land; Joseph E., of Siloam Springs; William R.. of San Saba, Texas, 



1206 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

married J^yda Ciumiugliani ; Alonzo F., of Siloain Springs, married 
Clara Stults; Matt A. ; and Robert M. 

Fraternally Mr. Petty stands high in Masonic circles, being a mem- 
ber of Key Lodge, No. 7, A. F. & A. M., of which he has served as W. M. ; 
a member and the secretary of Siloam Springs Chapter, R. A. M. ; a 
meiidjer and recorder of Siloam Springs Commandery, K. T. ; and a 
mem])er of Siloam Springs Chapter, O. E. S. 

Samuel S. P'aulkner. It sometimes seems that Helena has more 
than her quota of able men, commercial. ])rofessiona], political and 
industrial leaders, men who stand head and shoulders above the level 
of mediocre citizenship, and her progress and enterprise, it goes without 
saying, ]nnst be traceable to this fact. One of the citizens whom Helena 
is pleased to call representative is Samuel S. Faulkner, president of the 
First National Bank, a man who plays a prominent and praiseworthy 
part in every walk of life and whose own success has contributed in full 
measure to the success of the whole community, which, after all. is 
the truest test of good eilizenship. 

Samuel S. Faulkner is a native of England, his birth having oc- 
curred 'n ^Manchester on the 29th day of January. 1856. Two years 
later the Faulkner family made their adieux to the "right little, tight 
little island," and cro.ssed the Atlantic to America, which henceforth 
they were to call their country. They lived for some four years in New- 
York city, and in 1862 came on to Helena, Arkansas, where the father, 
Thomas B. Faulkner, engaged in business. England, as it will be re- 
membered, was inclined to sympathize with the north at the time of 
the Civil war and owing to his nationality and a consequent suspicion 
that he was of anti-seei'ssidiiisl Icndencies. the father was obliged to 
leave with his family Mini llir thiic years following were spent in the 
north, the place of resident' duiiiig this troublous period of national 
history being New York city. In 1867 they returned to Helena and the 
father i-esumed his busine.ss, in the pursuit of which he continued until 
his demise, which occurred in the year 1885. 

Mr. Faulkner was educated in the public schools of Helena and 
until the year 1877 assisted his father in the store. Not being particu- 
larly inclined toward a commercial career, he then entered the Phillips' 
Company Bank as bookkeeper and collector and in 1878 he became 
cashier of a wharf boat at Helena, in which capacity he remained until 
1893. He was active in collateral lines, however, and in the meantime 
he assisted in building the first compresses and became secretary of the 
Helena Compress Company. 

It was in the year 1893 that Mr. Faulkner entered upon his career 
as a banker, in which he has experienced the most unequivocal success, 
possessing all those qualifications which stand one of his delicate posi- 
tion in good stead and meeting grave questions with perfect valor and 
incomparable ability. He was elected cashier of the First National 
Bank in 1893, and seventeen years later was elected to the presidency 
of this important and ever-growing institution. In 1898, after only 
five years' banking experience, it was his distinction to be elected presi- 
dent of the Arkansas State Bankers' Association, and he has been a mem- 
ber of the institution which has so signally honored him ever since its 
beginning. 

As one of the most progressive and public-spirited of citizens it 
is indeed a matter of general congratulation that Mr. Faulkner should 
be associated with so many of the important concerns and movements 
which have Helena as their scene of development. Where there is to 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS T.'O: 

be found a project for the amelioration of the condition of the whole 
social body, Mr. Faulkner is usually discovered to have connection with 
it and he has a hand in the majority of the big concerns of the city. 
He is vice president of the city oil works. A zealous churchman, for 
thirty-five years he has been trustee of the permanent fund of the Epis- 
copal church for the diocese of Arkansas for eighteen years. His known 
altruistic inclinations led to his selection as membei' of the State Board 
of Charities by Governor Donaghey in 1910. His social proclivities are 
by no means undeveloped and he has the distinction of being a past grand 
chancellor of the Knights of Pythias Order in Arkansas. He is also a 
pa.st grand master of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and present 
grand receiver of that order, and in the Masonic order is a past grand 
master of his lodge, a past high priest of his chapter and a Knight Tem- 
plar. He was instrumental in the organization of the Helena Business 
ilen's League and .served as its first treasurer. For twenty-two years he 
has been treasurer of St. John's Episcopal Church and for a quarter of 
a century he has been vestryman of the same. He is a director of the 
Citizen's National Life Insurance Company of Louisville, KentuckA-, 
and holds an interest in many local concerns not here mentioned. His 
ability and enthusiasm make him a valuable adjimct to any cause, par- 
ticularly new ones. 

On the 12th day of November, 1883, Mr. Faulkner laid the founda- 
tion of a household of his own by his marriage to Miss Libbie Miles, 
daughter of B. L. Miles and granddaughter of Colonel J. B. Miles, the 
noted river prophet, and five children blessed this union. Samuel S., 
Jr., who inherits his father's executive ability as well as his name, is 
bookkeeper for the Citizens' Compress Company. Thomas H. attends 
the Arkansas State L^niversity, and James M. is enrolled in the Ken- 
tucky ^Military Institute. The two daughters are married, Anna being 
the wife of Rev. T. A. Cheathami, of Salisbury, North Carolina, and 
Florence is the wife of Roby Harrington, of Helena. The Faulkner 
home is well known to Helena, being the center of a gracious hospitality. 

(i. Avery Webb, agent of the Cotton Belt Railroad at Jonesboro. i« 
a representative of a family of railroad men and he has been familiar 
with the various phases of this interesting field since his earliest youth. 
Like most men of his calling he has a wide acquaintance and in his own 
particular community he enjoys the confidence and esteem of the people 
in general. He is still to be numbered as among the younger genera- 
tion, his birth having occurred in Forest City. Arkansas, May 8, 1877. 
The Webbs are a Southern f amilj-, and the subject 's father, S. H. Webb, 
was born in Camden, Tennessee, in the '40s. His father, Hiram Webb, 
adopted as his own what Daniel Webster called the most important labor 
of man— farming. S. H. Webb was married to IMartha Finlay, a native 
of the district of his own birth, and although his youth was passed amid 
the wholesome surroundings of his father's farm, he himself abandoned 
the great basic industry and became a i-ailroad man in the year 1874. 
He was one of the pioneer conductors of the old IMemphis & Little Rock 
Railroad, and maintained his home for some time previous to his demise 
in Memphis, Tennessee. During the scourge of yellow fever in 1879 he 
fell a victim to the dread malady and died, leaving a widow and a fam- 
ily of young children. These children were all sons and as follows : 
Edward L., who died as a railroad man in the service of the Cotton Belt 
Railroad and has no living issue; Albert S., a traveling salesman out of 
St. Louis, Missouri: Allen L., a Cotton Belt employe at East Prairie. 
Missouri, who served as train dispatcher for various railroads, namely. 



1308 HISTOKY OF ARKANSAS 

the Santa Fe, Rock Island, Kansas City Southern and others. Mr. AVebb 
of this review was the youngest of the quartet and naturally followed in 
the footsteps of his honored father and elder brothers in the choice of a 
life work. The mother, who had so suocessfuUy reared her children to 
useful maturity, was summoned to the Great Beyond in 1896. 

G. Avery Webb received his education in the common schools of 
Arkansas at the various points at which his mother resided and began 
life's serious service when just entering his 'teens. This was at Rector, 
Arkansas, and was in the employment of the Cotton Belt Railroad. In 
course of time, having proved faithful and efficient in small things and 
having learned telegraphy at Cape Girardeau, Missouri, he received 
more important trusts and he was advanced rapidly and served as both 
agent and operator at the various points along the Houck line and the 
Cotton Belt system. He was Houck 's agent at Cape Girardeau and also 
agent for the old Chicago & Texas line, now a part of the Rock Island 
system. Some years ago he was made agent of the Cotton Belt at Para- 
gould and from that point was transferred to the station at Jonesboro 
in 1902. 

The very nature of his employment almost precludes the possibility 
of Mr. Webb's entry into the polities of the community, were he dis- 
posed in that direction, and so he gives to public issues merely the con- 
sideration of the intelligent voter who hopes to give his ballot to the best 
causes. He gives heart and hand to the men and measures of the Dem- 
ocratic party, with which he has been aligned since his earliest voting 
days. 

On August 16, 1898, Mr. Webb established a home by marriage, his 
chosen lady being Miss Nora Lytton, of Paragould, in which place their 
union was celebrated. Mrs. Webb is a niece of Hon. A. A. Knox, of 
Paragould, and, orphaned in childhood, she became a member of her 
uncle's household. Mr. and Mrs. Webb .share their attractive home with 
the following children: Selma E., Knox Lytton, Virginia and Helen. 

Henry W. Graham. A representative and influential citizen of 
Jonesboro is Henry AV. Graham, who is manager of the Southern Mer- 
cantile Company and pi-esident of the Arkansas Grocer Companj', of 
Blytheville. He has been a resident of the state of Arkansas since 1902 
and came hither from Fredericktown, Missouri, in the vicinity of which 
place he was reared and educated. He was born in IMissouri on the 30th 
of July, 1861. and is a son of E. L. Graham, whose father founded the 
family near Fredericktown perhaps as early as 1830. The paternal 
grandfather of him whose name forms the caption for this review was a 
native of North Carolina, but a portion of his life was spent in the old 
Blue Grass state, whence he later removed with his family to Missouri. 
E. L. Graham was born in February, 1834, and he passed the greater 
part of his life in Madison county, Mi.ssouri, where he was engaged in 
ranning and commercial pursuits and where he figured prominently in 
public nfl'airs, holding a number of important offices of public trust and 
ri'spoiisihility. In politics he endorsed the cause of the Democratic 
party, in the local councils of which he was an active factor. For his 
wife he chose Miss Mary "\Miitener, a daughter of Henry Whitener, and 
to this union were born eleven children, concerning whom the following 
brief record is here offered : Napoleon B. re.sides at Fredericktown, Mis- 
souri ; Virginia E. is the wife of J. AI. Gale, of Fredericktown: John W. 
is deceased ; Henry W. is the immediate .snb.iect of this review ; Joseph 
P. is a resident of St. Louis, Missoiu'i : E. Lee maintains his home at 
Ci-ystal City, Texas; Elizabeth is the wife of N. C. Griffiths, of Freder- 
icktown ; Byrd M. is the wife of W. E. Tally, who is engaged in the 



HISTOUY OF AEKANSAS 120^' 

banking and real estate biisine.ss at St. Louis; Annie is now ;\Irs. G. W. 
Lampher, of Frederiektown ; and F. M. is deceased. 

After terminating- his student days with a two years' course in the 
AV^illiam Jewell College, at Liberty, Missouri, Henry \V. Graham en- 
gaged in the mercantile Inisinrss as a clerk at Marquand, Missouri. His 
employer having aimtlirr >ti.ii' at Bessville, Missouri, Mr. Graham was 
sent to that point to asMiinc charge of that establishment. In 1888, how- 
ever, he decided to launch out into the mercantile business on his own 
account and with that object in view he opened a store at Marquand, 
Missouri, under the firm name of Graham & Brother. Subsequently he 
succeeded to his brother's interest, continued the business for another 
two years, and then purchased a half interest in a concern at Glenallen, 
Missouri, with E. S. Lett as a partner. Later on ho became interested in 
a similar project with his rathci- at Fn-dfricktowii and still later he 
acquired a business coiiiifrtidii :it llldnnilii'ltl, Missouri, to which point 
he eventually removed lii.s laiiiily. i-eiiiaininu tliere until his advent in 
Arkansas. At Bloomfield he was the head of the Graham Mercantile 
Company, which had a store at Puxieo, Missouri, as well. 

The Southern ^Mercantile Comjiany came into existence in 1903 and 
it operates a wholesale Irnit and ptiidnce house at Jonesboro in addition 
to which it has retail istalili-linieiits at Lake City, Monette, Manila and 
Dell, all in Arkansas, and at Steele, :\rissouri. Mr. Graham is financially 
interested in all the above concerns and is also a heavy stockholder in 
the Arkansas Grocer Company, of which large corporation he is presi- 
dent. He is a business man of splendid executive capacity, is possessed 
of unusual vitality and all his dealings have been characterized by 
square and straightforward methods. He is an active supporter of the 
organization known as the Business Men's Club in Jonesboro, and is 
chairman of the Light Rate Committee of that body. 

Mr. Graham has been twice married. At Marquand, Missouri, on 
the 3d of October, 1887, he was united in marriage to ^^iss Virginia E. 
Mathews, who lost her life as the result of an accident on the 23d of 
April, 1903. The children born to this union are Harry E., Ernest M., 
Bessie and Constance. On the 18th of September, 1905, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Graham to Miss Constance Hogan, the ceremony 
having been performed at McLeansboro, Illinois. She is a daughter of 
J. M. Hogan, a retired farmer at McLeansboro, in the vicinity of which 
place Mrs. Graham was born and reared. There have been no children 
ijorn to the latter union. The Graham family take an active interest in 
religious work as members of the First Baptist church, of Jonesboro, 
and they are prominent and popular factors in connection with the best 
social affairs of their connnunity. 

Mr. Graham is a staunch Democrat in his political affiliations, and 
while he has neither time nor ambition for the honors and emoluments 
of public office of any kind he is deeply and sincerely interested in all 
matters projected for the good of the general welfare. The only fra- 
ternity in which he holds membership is the Woodmen of the World. 
Concentration of purpose and persistently applied energy rarely fail of 
success in the accomplishment of any task, however great, and in tracing 
the career of Mr. Graham it is plainly seen that these have been the 
secret of his rise to prominence. 

Thomas K. Eddins is manager of the Henry Alfrey Heading Fac- 
tory of Jonesboro. and his executive capacity, trustworthiness and great 
energy and enterprise have been inii>ortant factors in the splendid suc- 
cess which has attended the institution and made it one of the mo.st rc- 

Vol. Ill— s 



1210 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

liable and prosperous in Craighead county. This well-known and pop- 
ular gentleman is a native son of the South, his birth having occurred 
in Marshall county, Mississippi, July 7, 1869. He was reared in the 
town of Byhalia, and received his education in the public schools of that 
place. He began his career in the world of affairs as a bookkeeper and 
for several years was engaged in this way in ^lississippi. In 1894 he 
made a radical change by removing t" \rk;insMs aii'd locating in Jones- 
boro, where he accepted a position as luKikkcciM'- with the Alfrey Com- 
pany. He made himself practically imlcsiM-iis.ililc ihiring the yeai-s and 
in 1908 became manager of the plant. 

The Henry Alfrey Heading Factory was established in Jonesburo in 
tlie same year as Mr. Eddins' first identification with the city. The plant 
is owned by Henry Alfrey, who is a ])ioneer in the whiteoak lumber and 
stave business, having perhaps cut into lumber more white oak trees 
than anj' other man in the woi-ld. He came to Arkansas from Craw- 
fordsville, Indiana, and among the people of his craft his acquaintance 
extends from Boston to California. 

Thomas K. Eddins is a son of 0. F. Eddins, who passed a useful 
life as a merchant in Byhalia, Mississippi, and died there in 1904, at the 
age of seventy years. He was born in Alabama; like most of his asso- 
ciates, believed firmly in the right of .states to sever their connection 
with the union; and accordingly enlisted, becoming lieutenant of a com- 
pany of Confederate soldiers from Marshall county, Mississippi. The 
maiden name of his wife was Elizabeth Ne.sbitt, and she, likewise, was a 
native of Marshall county. Mrs. Eddins passed away in 1907. the mother 
of five sons, namely: Thomas K., Benjamin and W. D., of Jone.sboro, 
Arkansas; John, of Byhalia, Mississippi: and Frank, of Forest, Miss- 
issippi. 

Mr. Eddins has devoted his energies largely to business since coming 
to Joiiislidid, li:is been absorbed in the affairs of his employers, and has 
coiilnl)ulr(l Dijich as a faithful servant to the satisfactory results ob- 
tained b\ tin |ihmt. The glitter which polities possesses for some has 
not aihii'ed him, and while he gives to public issues the consideration of 
every intelligent voter, he has permitted those who like the work to bear 
the honoi-s as well as the burdens of Democratic affairs. He is not a 
lodge man, but is a valuable member of the Presbyterian church. 

On April 15, 1902, Mr. Eddins secured a happy life companionship 
by his marriage in Madison, Alabama, to Miss Clara Russell, daughter 
of W. A. Russell, farmer, miller and a'm opeiatm-. .iiid one of a family 
of five children. Mr. and Mrs. Eddins share tlitii- hosinialile and attrac- 
tive home with a young son and daughter— ^laiLinict and Thomas K., Jr. 

Judge Benjamin Finis Greer, county judge of Washington county, 
Arkansas, was born near Evansville, this county, on the 36th of July, 
1867. His father was James W. Greer, who accompanied his parents to 
Arkansas in 1854. The paternal grandfather of Judge Greer was born 
in eastern Tennessee, in 1803, and after marrying in his native state he 
moved to Lafayette county, Missouri, where his mui .Imnes W. was born 
in 1847. He was descended from one of three Smtcli li ish brothers who 
came to America in the early Colonial days, and wlm Icui^ht in the war 
of the Revolution as patriot soldiers. Subseciuently each founded a 
home, one in Pennsylvania, one in Virginia and one in Carolina. The 
Virginia Greer was the ancestor of Judge Greer. The grandfather of 
the Judge was a farmer and a physician by vocation and he was mur- 
dered during the Civil war by the Pin Indians, a faction of the Osages, 
who took a prominent part as allies of the Federals during the war. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1311 

Dr. Greer married Miss Elizabeth Brown and became the father of the 
following children : George, Benjamin, Jo. Thomas, Greenberry, John, 
James W., Ephraim and Elizabeth. 

James W. Greer, father of the Judge, joined the Confederate army 
after the death of his father and he served in the Trans-Mississippi De- 
partment of the Confederacy until the close of the war. He passed 
through service without being wounded and without once falling into 
the hands of the enemy. "When peace had again been established he 
turned his attention to farming in Washington county, Arkansas, where 
was celebrated his marriage to ]\Iiss Mollie E. Shannon, a daughter of 
Alexander Shannon, a pioneer Arkansan from Kentucky. Mrs. Greer 
was born in Washington county, Arkansas, and she survives her honored 
husband, maintaining her home with her son. Judge Greer, of this review. 
Mr. and Mrs. Greer became the parents of seven children, concerning 
whom the following brief data are here offered : Benjamin F., the im- 
mediate subject of this review; Ida, who became the wife of R. B. 
Worsham, of Evansville, Arkansas, and she was summoned to the life 
eternal in 1885 ; Walter died in Temple, Texas, as the result of injuries 
received in a railroad wreck; Edna married B. C. Barham and resides 
in St. Louis, Missouri ; Leona is the wife of A. C. Baird, of Kansas City, 
Missouri ; ]May wedded J. H. Neff and they maintain their home at Still- 
well, Oklahoma : and Florence is the wife of J. P. London, of Osceola, 
Iowa. 

Judge Greer is indebted to the public schools of his native county 
for his educational training and he continued to reside on the home farm 
until after his marriage, in 1889, when he engaged in selling goods at 
Evansville. He was a clerk for six years and was postmaster of the vil- 
lage for two years, and resigning from this position he removed to 
Siloam Springs, where he spent three years with the Kansas City South- 
ern Railway Company as a mechanic. He then returned to the home 
farm and devoted his attention to agricultural pursuits until the fall 
of 1904, when lie came to Fayetteville, to assume the office of county 
clerk, to which he had just been elected. The family politics of the 
Greers have ever been Democratic. Judge Greer's activity in the polit- 
ical realm began with his candidacy for count.y clerk in 1904, the same 
resulting in his election in that year and in his re-election to the same 
office two years later. Having given most admirable service as county 
clerk he aspired to the county judgeship and accordingly made the race 
for that office in 1908, in which he was successful. He succeeded Judge 
Williams and on assuming the risiKuisiliiliiiis of his office he found the 
county general fund thirty-four thousand tlojlars in debt, besides the 
authorized debt for the courthouse. A bridge debt of nine thousand 
dollars was hanging over and the tax levy of the county was up to the 
limit of law. At once economy was the watchword of the new judge 
and as the result the county will come to a cash basis in July, 1912. The 
tax levy has been reduced one mill, some three and a half miles of pub- 
lie highway have been macadamized, from the city to the county farm, 
and plans for four new steel bridges have been formulated, three across 
the White river and one over the Illinois river. The public roads have 
been improved the county over and general welfare materially aided. 
Judge Greer is a stockholder in the Oxford Telephone & Manufacturing 
Company of Fayetteville and he is half owner of an abstract concern 
here. 

On the 10th of March, 1889, Judge Crc-r in,iriic<l Miss Lula Flinn, 
a dau:j:ht(T of J. R. Flinn, of Evansville. Mrs. (Invr was Imiii in Wash- 



\->\2 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

ington county, this state, and her death occurred in October, 1905. 
Judge and Mrs. Greer became the parents of seven children, namely: 
James R., born December 17, 1889, was educated in the University of 
Arkansas and is now engaged in the abstract business at Fayetteville; 
and Pan.sy, Walter, Gladys, Fred, Thomas and Clyde remain at the 
paternal home. On the 8th of April, 1908, Judge Greer married Miss 
Lula B. Smith, daughter of W. B. Smith, a pi-oininent and influential 
citizen of Price township, Washington county. 

In politics Judge Greer is a staunch adherent of the principles and 
policies of the Democratic party and he keeps well informed on the 
questions and issues of the day, taking an active interest in the growth 
and success of the party in relation to local, state and national affairs. 
In his fraternal connections he is a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and the Columbian Woodmen, of which latter organiza- 
tion he is secretary. In church matters he is a devout member of the 
Baptist church and his wife is ;i lueiiiber of the Christian chui'ch. 

Elmer J. Lundy was born in Gray.son county. Texas. June 10, 1880. 
He is a descendant of the original Lundy family which came from Eng- 
land and settled in Massachusetts in 1680, which later immigrated to 
Pennsylvania ; the original members of the family being members of the 
church originally founded by William Penn in Philadelphia. The 
branch of the family from which he is immediately descended settled 
in southwest Virginia about the year 1740. He is the son of William 
W. Lundy and Barbara (Burkett) Lundy, his mother being a member 
of the Burkett family of North Carolina. His father, who has been 
prdiiiiiu'iitly i(lt'ntirie(i willi ('(liirntinunl matters in western Arkansas for 
the |>.'isi i\\ciii>-'li\c \-e,irs. h;i> lixcd in S.-ntt ciiiiiitx-, Ai'kansas, for the 
past lillcrii yc-irs. lie \v:i.s rihicntcl .'ii l-liiKiry ninl llcniy College, Vir- 
ginia, and niwas.see College, Tennessei', :it wliich place he received the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. 

Mr. Elmer J. Lundy was educated in the liiuh schools and academies 
of Arkansas, and received the degree of Bachelor of Scii'ncc tVom Dick- 
son College, of Dickson. Tennessee, in 1899. He w;is _ir,i.lu;ite,l in the 
depai'tment of law of George Washington I'uiversity. WMshinvtun, D. C, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1907. at which institution he 
won the silver medal in the annual prize debate of 1906 : was president 
of his class in 1907, and was also president of the Association of Class 
Presidents in the same year; was identified with the U. S. Department 
of Agriculture at Washington, D. C. for four years, and was Chief Clerk 
of the Bureau of Statistics in the Department of Agriculture in 1905-6-7. 

He located at ]\Iena, Arkansas, in the fall of 1907, and has since 
been engaged in the practice of law. He was elected city attorney of 
Mena in April, 1908, and was re-elected in April. 1910. He is a Dem- 
ocrat from principle as well as birth, breeding and environment. 

Mr. Lundy was married, October 11, 1904, at Bates, Scott county, 
Arkansas, to Clara Mabel Matthews, and is the fathei- of four children. 

Charles N. Faubei.. Due oi' the most enterprising men of Little 
Rock is Charles N. Faubei. ever alert to aid in the upbuilding of his 
city and state. He is a contractor in all lines of cement work, and to say 
that his sterling qualities of promptness, his broad acquaintance and 
many friends prove him a self-made man is to put facts lightly. 

Mr. Faubei is of German parentage and was born in Harrison town- 
ship. Bedford county. Pennsylvania. March 24. 1857. He spent his 
bovhood on the farm and attend(>d the district school. He learned the 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1213 

millin<i' trade in the old Juniata mills at Wolfsburg', Pennsylvania, and 
his interest and skill in his work led him to travel and to work and to 
study the milling business in all of its phases— from the old stone 
process of flour making to the most improved use of rolls, together with 
differences in the handling of spring or winter wheat and other cereals. 
Thus schooled in the leading mills of Minnesota, Missouri, Kansas, Cali- 
fornia and Oregon, he became an expert in his line and later a mill- 
owner in ]\Iiehigan and his own home state, Pennsylvania, but the mill- 
dust began to impair his health and compelled a change of occupation. 

Whatever he does is done to win and that is the secret of his success. 
He is one of the pioneer residents of beautiful Pulaski Heights, and 
uia3'or at the present time of this growing suburban city. Stress of 
business in no way subordinates his social or fraternal enthusiasm. He 
is at home upon the sands with the Shriner or in full dress of the white- 
plumed Knight. 

In 1883, on Aimiist lis. he m.-iriicd Miss Luana Caruss at Gridley, 
California, a tearlnr ,iim1 jrMdn.il.' fnim the ^Michigan State Xoniial 
School. She is as ciitlniM^istic m her wui-k as he is in his. They together 
have made their home a '"^Meeea" to the worthy boy or girl in need, and 
the home coming of these boys and girls or the letters of their success 
are ever to them a perpetual source of greatest pleasure and speak in 
living acts the worth of each and the high esteem which they hold in 
popular confidence and the welcome to their friends at their charming- 
home on Pulaski Heights. 

Lewis Rhoton. There is all of consistency in aceoi-ding in this 
work a definite recognition of the services of Lewis Rhoton as one of 
the able members of the bar of Arkansas and especially of those ren- 
dered in the oifice of prosecuting attorney for the Sixth judicial cir- 
cuit, in which position he made a most admirable record through his 
efficient and loyal efforts to convict the members of the legislatiire who 
were accused of receiving bribes in connection with the erection of 
the new state cnpitol. He has been the avowed foe of political corruption 
and (iflicial iiial feasance, and his courage has been that of his convic- 
tions, while his attitude has ever been that of a broad minded and pub- 
lic spiriteil citizen. He came to Arkansas as a representative of the 
pedagogic profession, in which his success was marked, and he has since 
gained distinctive prestige as one of the .strong and versatile members 
of the bar of the state, being at the present time engaged in the general 
practice of his profession in the city of Little Rock. 

Lewis Rhoton claims the fine old Hoosier commonwealth as the 
place of his nativity. He was born in Henry county, Indiana, on the 
13th of ]\Iay, 1868, and is a son of Franklin and Susanna (Garrett) 
Rhoton, the former of whom was born in the state of North Carolina 
and the latter in Virginia. The father devoted the major portion of 
his active career to farming, and both he and his wife passed the clos- 
ing years of their lives in Henry county, Indiana. They were folks of 
strong mentalit.v and sterling character, and they ever commanded the 
unequivocal esteem of all who knew them. They were consistent mem- 
bers of the Dunkard church, and in politics the father gave his allegiance 
to the Democratic party. 

In the public schools of his native eoutity Ijcwis Rhoton gained his 
preliminary educational discipline, and in ISM!) lie was graduated in the 
Illinois State Normal School, at Normal, Illinois. Soon after his gradua- 
tion Mr. Rhoton assumed the position of principal of the high school 
at El Paso, lUinoi.s, which incumbency he retained until September, 



1214 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

1890, when he cam* to Little Rock, Arkansas, where he was principal 
of one of the ward schools until 1894. Thereafter he was principal 
of the high school of this city until 1896. In the meanwhile he had 
initiatiil tlir study of law, and in 1894 he was graduated in the law 
dep;u-1iihiit iif the University of Arkansas. In 1896 he completed an 
effectixc pust-tMaduate course in the law department of the historic old 
T^niversity of Virginia, at Charlottesville, and in December of that year 
lie established himself in the practice of law in Little Rock, where he 
has since maintained his home and where he has gained indubitable 
precedence in the work of his exacting profession. He has shown a 
broad and exact knowledge of the minutiae of the science of .juris- 
prudence and distinctive facility in the application thereof in his work 
as a counselor and advocate. He is resourceful and versatile as a trial 
lawyer, and this fact showed forth in a significant way during his 
incumbency of office as a public prosecutor. From 1901 until 1904 he 
served as ilrpniy ]Mnsci'uting attorney of Pulaski county, and he was 
then elected inosc-iitiim- attorney for the Sixth .judicial circuit, in which 
office the best \iuii/lii_'r for the efficiency and acceptability of his admin- 
istration is that afforded in the fact that he was elected as his own 
successor in 1906 and nominated for a third term in 1908. While in- 
cumbent of tliis position he put forth fearless and relentless efforts in 
the iirii-rrntiiiii ,;nd conviction of the members of the legislature of 1905 
wild Wile iiiilhicd for bribery in connection with the legislation pend- 
ing bduie the legislature of 1905, and no matter of personal expediency 
could swerve him from his course, though he naturally created bitter 
antagonism in his work bringing in the malefactors to justice. He re- 
signed his office as prosecuting attoi*ney in June, 1907, some time before 
the expiration of his second term, and declined the nomination, which was 
equivalent to election, for the third term. He has since given his un- 
divided attention to the general practice of his profession, and the law 
firm of which he is a member is known as one of the strongest and 
most successful in the state. In November, 1908, Mr. Rhoton was ap- 
pointed assistant general attorney for the St. Louis, Iron ilouutain & 
Southern Railway Company, of which he became general attoraey in 
the succeeding year. Of the latter office he continued incumbent until 
the 1st of January, 1910, when he resigned the same to give his un- 
divided attention to his private practice. From 1900 until 1906 he was 
M lecturer in the law department of the University of Arkansas, where 
his work was greatlv appreciated both bv the facultv and the student 
body. 

In politics Mr. Rhoton accords an unwavering support to the cause 
of the Democratic party and he takes a loyal interest in all that touches 
the well being of his home city and state. He has never abated his con- 
corn in the cause of education and he served as president of the board 
of education of Little Rock from 1906 to 1908, having been elected a 
meinber of the board in 1904. He was re-elected to membership on 
this board at the expiration of his term in 1908, but resigned within 
the same year. He is the author of a valuable textbook on civil govern- 
ment, entitled "Arkansas and the Nation," and the same has been 
adopted for use in many of the public and private schools of Arkansas. 

In 1896 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Rhoton to ]\Iiss Be.ssie 
Rift'el, who was born in Ohio and reared in IMissouri, and who is a 
daughter of the late James K. Rift'el, a representative citizen of Arkan- 
sas. Mr. and Mrs. Rhoton have one son, Riffel Oarret. and one daughter, 
Rayord Frances. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1215 

Frank Pace. A distingixished figure among the members of the 
bar of Little Rock is Frank Pace, who has resided in the state's chief 
metropolis since 1907. In addition to the prestige he has won by his 
own personal attainments, he also enjoys honor as the son of that far- 
famed lawyer and jurist, William Fletcher Pace, of Harrison, whose 
firm hand and broad, sound humane judgment helped to guide Arkansas 
through the dark days of the reconstruction period. 

Mr. Pace, of this review, was born at Harrison, Boone county, 
Arkansas, on the 25th day of July, 1874. He was reared and educated 
in Harrison and attained his higher classical education in the State Uni- 
versity at Fayetteville. When it came to the matter of choosing a pro- 
fession he concluded to follow in the paternal footsteps and his studies 
were pursued under the enlightened tutelage of his father. In 1894 
he was admitted to the bar at Harrison and for several years he was in 
law practice at that place in association with his father and brother. 
For some time he held the office of prosecuting attorney of the Four- 
teenth Judicial Circuit. 

Mr. Pace's identification with Little Rock dates from November, 
1907, at which time he became established in the law in this city and he 
has met with a continuation of the success achieved in northwest Arkan- 
sas. He is associated in practice with United States Senator Jefferson 
Davis, with the firm name of Davis & Pace. 

Mr. Pace was married to Miss Flora Layton, of Yellville, Arkansas, 
on the 10th day of June, 1908. 

The parents of Mr. Pace were William Fletcher and Sarah J. 
(Howell) Pace The former was born six miles south of Temple, Texas, 
July 1, 1840, and his father, William Pace, had migrated there from 
Callaway county, Missouri. The elder William was born in Albemarle 
county, Virginia, in 1793, engaged in the stock business and died when 
the son, who was destined to become famous in the state, was a baby. 
Another William Pace, great-grandfather of the gentleman whose name 
inaugurates this notice, was a Revolutionary soldier and the founder of 
the family in America. 

The education of the fatherless William Fletcher, in its early stages, 
was of a desultory character. When he was about at the attainment of 
his majority the Civil war began and he became a member of the Mis- 
souri State Guard (Confederate). He took part in the battles of Pea 
Ridge and Wilson's Creek and was wounded in the former engagement. 
When mustered into the Confederate service proper he was in General 
Frost's brigade and Colonel Mitchell's regiment. After the war Mr. 
Pace located in Woodruff county, Arkansas, and there married in 1868, 
bringing his bride to Boone countj' in an ox wagon and taking up his 
home in a one-room log cabin. He taught school for a time and in 1871 
was admitted to the bar before Judge Fitzpatrick, well known for his 
connection with the reconstruction period. It was his to know the 
peculiarly primitive court conditions of Arkansas in that day, and he 
was one of the lawyers who followed the judge on horseback over ten 
counties, for something like thirty yeai-s. An account of his experiences 
and achievements is given on other pages of this work in the biography 
of Dr. Henry Pace, of Eureka Springs. 

Mr. Pace of Little Rock is one of the following family of children : 
Ida, wife of Professor A. Homer Purdue, of the University of Arkan- 
sas ; Dr. Henry, of Eureka Springs ; Miss Ada, of Harrison ; Kate, wife 
of H. E. Cantrell, of Harrison ; and Troy, junior member of the firm of 
Pace & Pace of Harrison, Arkansas. The subject is second in order of 
birth. 



1216 HISTORY OF AJfKAXSAS 

WjLLUii E. Si-i,.\< 1,. I'l-oiiiiiK.iil .uiKiii- ill,- al)le lawyers of Clay 
c-oimty stands William !•;. S|„iiri'. u\u< ai tli,- luvsmt time holds the im- 
portant ofliee of iiiay(.i nf I'mi^dti. Tlim nn^hly puhlic-spirited and pro- 
gressive, he is the right man for the iiiayoraltj- and there is nothing of 
public miport at Piggott and the surrounding country in which he is 
not helpfully interested. Mayor Spenee has been a resident of the state 
since 1876 and of this city since 1891. He was born in Moni-oe county, 
Alabama, in February. I860; in 1873 he accompanied his parents to 
Richland Parish, Louisiana, and three years later came to Arkansas, 
locating in Clay county. 

^fr. Spense is the .son of the Rev. William W. Spenee, who was 
born in Newberry District. South Carolina, in August, 1828. The 
grandfather. John Spenee, resided in Tennessee and was the father of 
the following children : James, who died in Mar.shall county, Tennessee, 
leaving one child; Samuel P., who died in Greene county, unmarried; 
Martha, who married and died in Tennessee; Elizabeth, who became the 
wife of David D. Davis and died in Greene county, Arkansas ; and Rev. 
William W., who died in Dunklin county, Missouri, in 1893. The latter 
— the subject's father— received his education in Erskine College, a 
famous Presbyterian college of South Carolina and one in which many 
of the noted men of the United States have received their training. 
After graduation he engaged in teaching and in 1854 founded the Cam- 
den Female Institute at Camden, Alabama, in connection with Dr. Mil- 
ler, and they conducted the school until the beginning of the Civil war. 
Mr. Spenee had drifted into Alabama as a young man and in conse- 
quence of his standing as an educator he was chosen county superintend- 
ent of schools of the county in which he located. After the rebellion 
he resumed teaching in Monroe county, Alabama, and continued in the 
pedagogical profession until 1873, when he went to Louisiana, and after 
three years in that state he came on to Arkansas. For some years after 
reaching here Mr. Spenee was an important factor in the educational 
life of Clay county. His influence as a teacher and as a man was 
strongly impressed upon many of the business and professional men of 
northeastern Arkansas, who in youth came into contact with him and 
were in part moulded bj' him. A few years previous to his demise he 
entered actively into the ministry of the Presbyterian church, his last 
pastorate being at Clarkton, Missouri. He possessed ready eloquence 
and was familiar with every phase of his professional work. He was, in 
truth, a gifted, forceful, logical and eloquent man in the pulpit oi- upon 
the platform. 

As a participant in the military affairs of the Confederacy, Rev. 
Spenee enlisted from Monroe county, Alabanui. and was connnissioned a 
lieutenant of an infantry company, while in the rejuvenation of the 
South. Following reconstruction he acted with the Democratic party. He 
married Evelyn McNeill, both of whose parents were of Scotch birth, 
and whose mother's maiden name had also been Evelyn ]\IcNeill. I\Irs. 
Spenee died in 1875. Of the ten children of their union only three sur- 
vive—William E., of Piggott, Arkansas; Mrs. Kate Barhani. of San 
Antonio, Texas; and Lewis Spenee, editor and proprietor of the Piugntt 
Banner. 

William E. Spenee, w-hose name inaugurates this review, had the 
advantage of receiving an education under his father's supervision and 
began the serious affairs of life as a clerk. He entered politics in 1886, 
and that year was elected circuit clerk and recorder. He was twice re- 
elected and in 1892, when his term closed, he resumed further prepara- 



HISTORY OV AKKAXSAS 1217 

tion for the law and was admitted to the bar of Clay county before 
Judge F. G. Taylor in 1895. He entered the practice in the same court 
that admitted him and has continued it actively and effectively ever 
since that time. He has had ]iriir(.ssiiiii,-ii nssuciMt inns with H. AV. Moore 
in the firm of Moore & S|iriicf, .iiid is imw scniur member of the firm 
of Spence & Dudley, hi.s jjartiicr licinu K'. 11. Dudley. 

In politics Mr. Spence has ever affiliated with the dominant party 
of his state and has served as a delegate to state and district conven- 
tions, helping to name candidates and to carry forward the preliminary 
work of the party in state and local affairs. He was a member of the 
famous "Deadlock Convention" of the first Congressional district, 
which brought Bruce Jlacon into the limelight and made him a member 
of Congress. In eloquent testimony of the confidence and regard which 
he enjoys in relation to his fellow citizens, he has been several times 
mayor of Piggott and as previously .stated is at the present time the in- 
cumbent of that office. 

Mr. Spence is a stockholder and director of the Clay County Bank 
and sustains the same relations in respect to the Bank of St. Francis and 
the Bank of Nimmons, Arkansas. He is interested in the agricultural 
development of this part of the state and his attitude toward every 
phase of moral enterprise in the county is favorable to their utmost de- 
velopment. 

i\Ir. Spence was mari-ied at Boydsville. Arkansas. December l-'^, 
1888. his wife being Miss Mary Simmons, daughter of Dr. G. W. Sim- 
mons, one of the oldest practitioners of medicine of Clay county and a 
settler from Tennessee, ilrs. Spence was born in Clay coiinty in 1871, 
and the issue of their union ai-e : Berney, who is a .stenographer in the 
office of Spence & Dudley: Raymond, a member of the Clay County 
Corn Club for the year 1911; Opal, Ayleen and William. A daughter, 
Evelyn, is deceased. 

Mr. Spence is a past master of Masonry and has been several times 
a member of the Grand Lodge. He is also a member of Rector Chapter. 
No. 89. He is a member of the session of the Presbyterian church of 
Piggott, and as a builder of his town he erected the first house north of 
Alain street. He is loyally interested in all that tends to the growth and 
elevation of the community and he and his family hold a high place in 
society. 

David Frederick Taylor is a member of the Alississippi county 
bar and is postmaster of Osceola. He came to Arkansas from Alamo, 
Tennessee, in January, 1901, and resumed the practice of the law. He 
w-as born there June 16, 1872, passed his minority upon the farm and re- 
ceived his higher education in the McLemoreville Collegiate Institute, 
being graduated in 1892, with the degree of Bachelor of Science. He 
subsequently entered the Southern Normal University at Huntingdon, 
where he graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1894, and 
then, going into the schoolroom as a teacher, he followed the profession 
until 1897. His career as an instructor was of an eminently satisfac- 
tory character, and included the principalship of the Paris schools, 
Paris, Tennessee, and one year as president of the A\"illiam and Emma 
Austin College at Stephenson, Alabama. 

In the meantime a long exi.sting and)ition to become a lawyer had 
come to fruition, and accordingly Mr. Taylor abandoned teaching and 
took up the study of law with W. F. Poston, a distinguished member of 
the profession of Alamo, Tennessee, and was admitted to the bar of his 
county in 1898. befor(^ judges of the circuit and chancery coui-ts, John 



1^18 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

R. Bond and Albert Hawkins. He began his practice with his preceptor, 
Mr. Poston, and continued in tliis a.ssociation until he left the state. 
Mr. Taylor's political sentiments are Republican and having proved 
himself sufficiently zealous in his loyalty to do anything in support of 
the cause— that is, anything honorable— those who shared his convictions 
nominated him for congressman of the Ninth Congressional District of 
Tennessee (in 1900) and he made the race against the Hon. Rice 
Pearce in a hopelessly Democratic district, with a result which needs no 
comment and which was by no means an adverse eonunentary upon his 
personal popularity, trustworthiness and ability. 

When Mr. Taylor came to Arkansas he resumed his political ac- 
tivity and in 1906 the Republicans in the First Congressional District 
nominated him for Congress, and although he made no campaign the 
vote showed a decided Republican increase. He was appointed post^ 
master of Osceola in 1902 and filled the duties of the office with such 
efficiency that his reappointments in 1906 and 1910 were entirely logical 
and highly satisfactory to the community. He is one of the most public 
spirited of men, ever standing ready to give heart and hand to all 
measures likely to prove of benefit to the people. From his earliest 
youth he has been loyal to the tenets of the Grand Old Party, but his 
enthusiastic partisanship by no means renders him oblivious to even 
more important matters. 

Mr. Taylor is a sou of David H. Taylor, who still occupies the de- 
.lightful old farm upon which his son's birth occurred. The elder gen- 
tleman was born May 17, 1845, in the .state of North Carolina, and 
his father, also David Taylor, was a farmer and owner of slaves. Not- 
withstanding, when the question of secession arose he was strong for the 
Union and the old flag. David H. Taylor joined the federal army and 
served in the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry. He bears the scars of five 
Confederate bullets. This noble veteran and citizen chose for his wife 
Susan E. Wingate, whose family home was originally in North Carolina. 
The children of this marriage were Dr. Taylor, M. D., of Osceola; the 
subject; and Mrs. Henry Robinson, of Maury City,. Tennessee. The 
worthy wife and mother passed on to the "Undiscovered Country" in 
1890, her husband having survived her for more than a score of years. 

David Frederick Taylor, our subject, laid the foundation of a con- 
genial life companionship when on November 29, 1900, at Huntingdon, 
Tennessee, he was united in marriage to Miss Onie Kyle, daughter of 
Robert Kyle. Mr. and Mrs. Tayhn- sluur iheir hospitable and attractive 
home with one son, Fred, Jr., a piuinisin'.; young citizen. 

Mr. Taylor finds his fraternal aflilinlidus a source of great pleasure 
and recreation, these extending to the Knights of Pytliias. the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and the Benrvnlmi and I'l'dt.vtive Or- 
der of Elks. He and his wife are earnest and ((insistent iiicinbers of 
the Methodist Episcopal church and are valuable factors in its cam- 
paign for good. Mr. Taylor has been successful in the highest calling— 
that of good citizenship — and in his professional and official capacities 
he has proved himself a very real factor for the advancement and 
progress of the community. 

Thom.as Hinton. A representative business man of the younger 
generation in the city of Texarkana, Arkansas, and one who is well 
upholding the prestige of the honored name which he bears is Thomas 
Hinton, who is a native of Hempstead county, this state, where he was 
born on the 10th of November, 1874. He is a son of Lovett T. Hinton, 
who claimed the state of Georgia as the place of his nativity and who 



IIISTOUY OF AKKAXSAS 1219 

immigrated to Hempsteail county, Arkansas, several years prior to the 
war between the states. He acquired a valuable plantation five miles 
south of the present site of Hope, but at the time of the inception of 
the Civil war he subordinated all other interests in order to tender his 
services in behalf of the cause of the Confederacy. He served as a 
faithful and gallant soldier in the Seventeenth Arkansas throughout 
the war and participated in many of the important battles marking the 
progress of that sanguinary struggle. At Corinth, ^Mississippi, he was 
badly wounded by a bullet which lodged in his knee and which rendered 
him partially crippled during the remainder of his life. His planta- 
tion was devastated during the troublous war times, and after his 
honorable discharge from service in 1865 he was forced to begin again 
at the bottom of the ladder. Hi' cnunucd in auricultural pursuits on 
his old plantation and was theiiw illi idiiilitied during the remainder 
of his active business career. His iIcmUl iMcuireil at his farm, five miles 
south of Hope. Ark.-insas, in ISiSti, al which time he wa.s forty-eight 
years of age. 

Thomas Hinton was reared on his father's farm south of Hope and 
was but twelve years of age at the time of his father's death. His 
preliminary educational discipline wa.s that aiforded in the common 
schools of his native county and in Onaehita Baptist College, and this 
training he has since amply supplemented through his as.sociation with 
the practical affairs of life. In 1900 he located in Texarkana, and for 
several years he has been actively identified with the cotton business. 
In this connection he w^as formerly associated with ^larx Kosminsky, 
the pioneer cotton buyer of this city, under the firm name of Kosmin- 
sky, Son & Hinton. Upon Mr. Kosminsky 's removal to St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, Mr. Hinton became a partner with the well known firm of C. 
Decker & Company, an English concern, dealers in cotton. In 1910 
Mr. Hinton purchased the Bronson plantation of twelve hundred acres, 
located in Miller county, ten miles north of Texarkana. This is one of 
the famous old plantations of southwest Arkansas, formerly a large 
producer of long staple cotton, but which has been in disuse since the 
Red River flood of 1908. JMr. Hinton has begun the work of rehabilitat- 
ing this estate and is gradually bringing it back to its former high 
state of •cultivation. In coniicctidii with his business affairs he is rapidly 
gaining prominence as a man nT iiiKiiiostioned honesty and integrity and 
as a citizen he is loyal and imlilic-spirited, giving his aid in support of 
all movements tending to advance the material and civic welfare of his 
home city and county. In politics he accords a staunch allegiance to the 
principles and policies of the Democratic party, and both he and his 
wife are earnest hkiiiIiits hI' the Presbyterian church. 

On the ■24th nf I )ir, mhir, 1896, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. Hinton to Mis-s .Mina ixinser, who was born and reared in Hemp- 
stead county and who is a daughter of J. M. and Nettie (Hicks) Kinser, 
representative citizens of Hope, Arkansas. Mr. and IMrs. Hinton have 
three children — Mildred, Thomas, Jr., and Isabel. 

Hiram ¥. Riefp is manager of the Rieft" planing mill and lumber 
business, one of the largest and most important of Little Rock industries. 
This concern, which was established in 1899 by Mr. Rieff's father. 
Colonel Americus V. Rieff, one of the eit.v's most venerable and honor- 
able citizens, employs a considerable number of men and does a busi- 
ness of about one hundred thfuisand dollars a year. The plant of Rieff 
& Son is located on West Sixteentli street, near High street, and repre- 
sents an invested capital of about thirty thousand dollars. Mr. Hiram 



1-^20 HISTORY OF AKKAXSAS 

F. Rieff, through his signal abilitj' and unflagging energy, has built the 
business up from extremely modest beginnings to its present high stand- 
in and importance. As an aggressive and enterprising business man 
and the active head of one of the concerns which contribute materially 
to the industrial prestige of the city he is well entitled to consideration 
in the volume. 

ilr. Rieff was born at Charleston, Franklin county, Arkansas, on 
the 23rd day of October, 1873, his parents being Americus V. and Mary 
J. (Spencer) Rieft'. He attended school at Booneville and in Little 
Rock and fairly grew up in the lumber business, at an early age becom- 
ing associated with his father in the same. Some time after Colonel 
Rieff's establishment of the Little Rock business he became a partner, 
the liusines.s havinii since been conducted inider the firm name of Rieft' 
^; Sdii. He owns in addition x'alua'hle property interests in Little Rock, 
aiul stand.s as a public-spiritLcl yonng citizen, whose hand and heart are 
ever devoted to all good measures. 

On the 12th day of September, 1906, Mr. Rieft' was united in mar- 
riage to iMiss Clara Gullej', daughter of Colonel Ransom Gulley. former 
state treasurer. They are popular in social circles of the city and their 
home is one of its pleasant abodes. 

Colonel Americus V. Rieff. father of the foregoing, familiarly 
known as Colonel "Meek" Rieft', was born at Nashville, Tennes.see, July 
1, 1830. He came with his parents to Arkansas in 1836 and settled in 
Fayetteville. Some years later he became a soldier, for Colonel Rieff 
has the distinction of being the veteran of two wars, the Mexican and 
the Civil. It has been said of him that he was a soldier who went about 
the business of fighting with a desire to do his work thoroughly and 
well. In battle after battle he displayed great gallantry and he was 
many times promoted. He is a man of strong and interesting indi- 
viduality and at the age of eighty-one years retains his spirit and his 
faculties in almost their pristine vigor. His life and particularly his 
military experiences have been vividly sketched in the following article 
recently appearing in an Arkansas publication. 

"Colonel Rieft"s father was a Tennessean, who removed to Fayette- 
ville in 1836, bringing with him several children, of whom Colonel Rieff 
was the youngest, then six years of age. Mr. Rieft' and his older 
brother, J. Fen Rielf, who was killed during the Civil war at Pine Bluft", 
joined Captain S. B. Engart's cavalry company, for sei-vice in the 
Mexican war, young Rieft' as a private, seventeen years old, and his 
brother as a lieutenant. 

"After eighteen months' service they returned lionic and young 
Rieft' attended the Ozark Institute and later entered the business world 
as a contractor and builder. He continued in this work until the open- 
ing of the Civil war. Early in May, 1861, he was elected captain of 
the cavalry company raised in Washington county. The company was 
about one hundred strong and the men were mounted and armed with 
shotguns. Captain Rieff reported by telegraph to General Ben ]\Ie- 
Cullough, who was then at Fort Smith, on his way to assume lommand 
of the department. General McCullough accepted bis s(i\ id ^ ;ind or- 
dered the company, which was known later as the 'spy ((imiiaiiy." into 
Mi.ssouri. The Arkansans went to Keattsviile, Missouri, and then on 
to Ca.ssville, where they heard that a company of L^nion soldiers was 
camped at Big Springs, fifteen miles north. After a night's ride the 
Arkansans surrounded the camp of the Federals, but found at day- 
light that the Federals had just left. Rieff's men spent the day chasing 
the Federals. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS l'.'-31 

■'The raid into Missouri caused a great ery from the state's rights 
advocates, who said that Arkansas troops were invading Missouri, and 
offered rewards for all Arkansas soldiers, especially the commander of 
the raiders, taken either dead or alive. 

"On its return from Missouri the company was mustered into serv- 
ice a.s state troops, but later General McCullough said he could not 
accept state troops but would receive the company as a 'spy company.' 
The result of thi.s was that the company saw all sorts of dangerous and 
trying service. At the battle of Dug Spring, Captain Rieff and four of 
his men had become cut olf from the company when about twelve caval- 
ryjnen of Company C, United States Dragoons, under a sergeant, saw 
them and rode at them with drawn sabers. When within thirty or 
forty feet of the Southerners the Federal sergeant shouted, 'Surrender, 
you cowardly rebels, surrender!' A moment later Captain Rieff put 
sixteen buckshot into the sergeant and he fell in front of his squad. 
With the other barrel of the shotgun which he carried Captain Rieff 
killed another cavalryman and then, drawing his navy pistol, he .shot 
three shots, about ten feet distant. James Mitchell and Seigeant Frank 
Smiley, who were with Captain Rieff' and Edly Boyd, ran, but each shot 
a Federal soldier as he ran. Boyd stayed with Rieff". Captain Rieft' 
had three shots left, but they were of no service to him, as the only 
Federals in sight were on the ground. 

"Just before the battle of Oak Hills, twelve o'clock at night on 
the 9th, Captain Rieff, at the request of General McCullough, detailed 
Lieutenant Bill 'Buck' Brown and twenty men of the spy company for a 
scout, and this scout probably saved the Southern army from utter rout 
at Oak Hills. Practically all of the officers and men were ignorant of 
the arts of war and there had been many ludicrous false alarms, but 
on the night of August 9, 1861, Brown discovered the Federal army 
moving into position for a battle with the Confederates. Brown made 
a dash for headquarters and rode through a regiment of Federals on 
his way. He reported to Colonel Mcintosh that the Federals were 
almost in the Confederate camp, but Colonel Mcintosh chose to look at 
it as another false alarm. Brown then reported to General McCullough, 
who immediately began preparations for battle. A few minutes later 
Woodruff's battery, which luckily did not have to change its position, 
was in an artillery duel with the Federal artillery. Those who know 
these details of the opening of the battle give credit to the scouts of the 
spy company for saving the day. 

"After Oak Hill.s Captain Rieft' was elected captain of a company 
of cavalrymen belonging to the regiment connnanded by Colonel J. C. 
Monroe at Arkadelphia. Colonel Monroe's regiment was a part of the 
brigade commanded by General Cabell and Captain Rieff' was in all 
the battles in which this brigade took part. He was with Price in the 
raid into ^lissouri and jiarticipated in the battles of Prairie Grove. 
Cane Hills, Cove Ci-erk. Favetteville, Back Bone. Poison Spring. Mark's 
Mill, Pine Bluff. Pi-airie dc Ann. Pilot Knob, Jefferson City. Booneville. 
Missouri, Little Blue, where Generals Cabell and Marmaduke were cap- 
tiired, and Carthage, not to mention many skirmi.she.s. Later Captain 
Rieff" was promoted to major and then to lieutenant colonel. 

"After the war Colonel Rieff returned to Favetteville and found 
nearly all of his property confiscated. Later he went to Yell county, 
where he operated a grist and saw null and a cotton gin. He lived for 
a few years in Little Rock and then removed to Booneville." 

When the Civil war broke out Colonel Rieff was living at Fayette- 
ville. After the war he lived at Little Rock for a time and subse- 



V>-2-i HISTORY OF AKKAASAS 

queutiy rciiJoNed tu Charleston, Fraukliii county. There he established 
aucl operated a lumber mill, living at Charleston for about seven years. 
±|'rom there he removed to Yell county, where he engaged in the same 
business and also in contracting. He is now residing in liooneviile and 
IS one of tlie best known and most honored residents of that locality. 
Colonel Kiett's wife was Mary J. JSpeucer, a native of Cane Hiil, 
Arkansas, and they were married about the year l«5-i. Mrs. iiietf, a 
worthy and much-loved woman and an efhcient helpmate to her hus- 
band, IS now seventy -hve years old. Ihe seven children born of this union 
all survive, and are as follows: Uiie fcJ., Maurice B., Dr. William L., 
Jo Meek, lluam h\, .Nellie U. Arbuckle (uee liiellj, and Kale S. Feds 
(nee Jtiielfj. 

Joseph B. Paine is state secretary of the Farmers' L'niun and re- 
sides at Van Buren, Ai-kansas. He represents one of the old and im- 
portant families of the state, many of its members having won distinc- 
tion in the professions, while several of the name have achieved pros- 
perity as exponents of what Daniel Webster has called the "mosl im- 
portant labor of man"— farming. He was born in the Choctaw A'ation 
oi Oklahoma, July 11, lb55, the place of his nativity having been old 
Fort Cottee, where his father remained in charge of a mission school 
lor a period of ten years. His father was that noted gentleman, the 
Kev. Francis M. Fame, D. D., M. D., whose religious work m Oklahoma 
and Arkansas extended over a period of half a century and was termi- 
nated only by his death on January lb, 1896. 

liev. F'rancis ^1. Faine was born in Giles county, Tennessee, July 4, 
1822, and was a son of Gabriel Paine, who took his family to Union 
county, Illinois, when the future missionary and minister was growing 
up, and after tarrying there for a few years came to Arkansas and 
located at Ciarksville, Johnson county, where he became the proprietor 
of a hotel and passed on to his reward in 1864. Gabriel Paine had 
passed his early life as an exponent of the great basic industry of agri- 
culture and his sons, beside the one already mentioned, were Dr. Hous- 
ton Paine, who passed his life in and about F^rt Smith and died there, 
leaving a family who shared in the allotments of the Cherokee In- 
dians; Bryant, who died in Ciarksville, Arkansas; and Columbus, also 
deceased. 

The subject's father attained to manhood '.s estate in the vicinity 
of Anna, Illinois, and was there married to iliss Susannah Kich, who 
was born the year following his own birth, and who still survives, mak- 
ing her home with her son in 'Van Buren. In 1844 the young couple 
came to Arkansas and located at Ciarksville, where Mr. Paine engaged 
in his work as a pastor. He had been liberally educated in medicine as 
well as theology while a resident of Illinois, and some six years after 
coming to Arkansas he was assigned to duties in the Choctaw Nation. 
He did work at Newhope and at Fort Coffee as superintendent of mis- 
sion schools and remained at his post until the events of the Civil war 
brought him to the opinion that it was expedient to take his family 
South. He was a sympathizer with the South, and he joined the Con- 
federate army, where his twofold profession brought him into great 
usefulness as both a chaplain and a surgeon. When peace was re- 
stored he resumed his work as a minister and a pliysician and continued 
it actively until a few years prior to his tleath. He was presiding elder 
in the Arkansas conference several times and was a i)rt'acher of much 
power and influence in the Southei-ii .Mctliodisf cliui'di. He left a large 
family of sous and dauglitcis. whd were as follows: Holjert L.. who 




'^.^^(k (ha^ 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1223 

died at Clarksville, Arkansas, aud was the father of a family ; Thomas 
W., who died in the Choctaw Nation without living issue; Joseph B., of 
this notice; Eliza, wife of John W. AVebb, of Paris, Texas; Mary, who 
died at Fayetteville, unmarried; Mattie, who married William Adkins, 
of Cameron, Oklahoma; Lizzie, who became the wife of Charles B. 
Wilson and died at Clarksville, Arkansas; Flora, who married Robert 
Eichenberger and resides at Ozark, Arkansas; Hallie, wife of the Rev. 
D. B. Price, of Helena, Montana; and Emma, who married the Rev. 
H. S. Shangel and resides at Milton, Oregon. 

Joseph B. Paine, the immediate subject of this review, was edu- 
cated at Emery and Henry College in Virginia, began life as a teacher 
and farmer and continued so for many years. He lived at Clarksville 
until 1885, in that year removing to Crawford county to engage in 
fruit growing, with special attention paid to peaches and berries. His 
location in the latter county was in the vicinity of Van Buren. While 
thus engaged Mr. Paine gained a thorough knowledge of the fruit busi- 
ness and was chosen by the Farmers' Union in 1905 to handle the fruit 
of the association, to collect the accounts and disburse the funds for 
northwestern Arkansas. In August, 1910, he was elected state secretary, 
to succeed M. F. Dickinson, and immediately took possession of the 
office at Jonesboro. 

On October 11, 1877, Mr. Paine was married at Lamar, Arkansas, 
to Miss ilary E. King, a daughter of Wesley and Susan (Towell) King, 
whose other children wore tlolly, first wife of E. A. Kline, and Nannie, 
Mr. Kline's present wife. The issue of the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Paine are: Joseph E., of Fort Smith, an engineer on the Frisco road; 
John F., of Van Buren, a fireman on the Iron Mountain road; Benson 
P., a clei'k in the office of the superintendent of the Frisco road at 
Fort Smith; Paul, of Van Buren; Lora, a teacher; and Olga, Thelma 
and Ruth, all of whom reside at the parental home. 

Fraternally 'Sir. Paine is a member of the Independent Order of 
Odd Follows, which organization he joined in 1880 at Clarksville; he 
joined the Knights of Pythias in 1883 at Ozark ; and became a member 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen at Van Buren in 1900, hav- 
ing represented the latter order in the Clrand Lodge. The family are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. South, 

Joseph AV. Vest.\l. The reputation of this well known citizen of 
Little Rock as a successful horticulturist and floriculturist far transcends 
local limitations and he has the distinction of being one of the most 
extensive operators in this important line of enterprise in the south- 
west, having specially well equipped propagating grounds and green- 
houses in the immediate vicinity of Little Rock. His son, Charles, is 
a.ssociated with him in the business, which is both wholesale and retail 
in its functions, and the enterprise is conducted under the firm name 
of Joseph W. Vestal & Son. 

Joseph W. Vestal reverts with due mea.sure of satisfaction to the 
fact that he can claim the fine old Buckeye state as the place of his 
nativity. He was born at Harveyburg, Warren county, Ohio, on the 
9th of November, 1833, and is a son of Aaron H. and Sarah (Wysong) 
Vestal, the former a native of North Carolina and the latter of Vir- 
ginia. In 1842 his parents moved to Cambridge, Indiana, where he was 
reared to maturity and here he v.-as afforded the advantages of the com- 
mon schools of the period. His entire active business career has been 
one of close identification with the interesting work of horticulture and 
floriculture and he is now numbered among the oldest and most success- 



I-.'-.M HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

fill representatives of this Hue ni enterprise in the entii-e Union. In 
LSftO Mr. Vestal started a vegetable -aivleii at Cambridge, Indiana, and 
ill 1860 he there erected and e(|ui|i|M(i a greenhouse. He began opera- 
tions upon a very modest scale, but by close study and vigorous applica- 
tion he made consecutive progress and eventually developed an enter- 
prise of large proportions. He was the first wholesale dealer in his line 
in the west. 

He continued his residence in Indiana until 1880 when, seeking a 
wider field for his work, he came to Arkansas and established his home 
in Little Rock. Across the river and ail.jdinine r.arin'_ieri><s lie seeun'd a 
iar>ie tract of rich land and thei-e eslalilished ln^ -iv, iilmnNes ami |uo|>a- 
.uating grounds. He has developeil the ImMiiess until it is at the pi-esent 
time the largest of its kind in the entire southwest. The plant of the 
firm, of which he is the head, has the most modern and effective equip- 
ment that can be secured, and this fact, as coupled with the specially 
favorable soil and climate. ei\es laeilities for the producing of all vari- 
eties of flowers under the imist .n, vtive conditions. Joseph W. A'estal 
& Son have twenty-four giiciilKJiises, varying in length from one hun- 
dred and thirty to two hundred feet, and besides this equipment there 
are between four and five hundred feet of bed .sash. About fifteen 
acres of land ai'e devoted to the production of magnolias, evergreens 
and other shrubberies used for ornamental purposes. Besides con- 
trolling a large wholesale and retail business in the supplying of cut 
flowers in Little Rock and the territory tributary to that city as a dis- 
tributing center, the firm also has an important wholesale trade in 
bulbs, plants and evergreens, shipment being made as far west as Cali- 
fornia and to various sections of the enst. also into the .south, southwest 
and old Mexico. During his n>siilenee in Little Rock Mi-. Vestal has 
retained customers who began tradiiie with liim in Indiana in the '60s. 
Tlie line retail store of the firm, at 4U!) ]\Iain street, Eittle Rock, is by 
far the largest of its kind in the state and is conceded to be one of the 
best in the entire southwest. Specialty is also made of the growing of 
.small fruits and in an individual way Mr. Vestal has for many years 
carried on a large business in the propagation of sweet potatoes and in 
the selling of the plants of this delectable tuber. He is recognized as an 
expert in the growing of sweet potatoes and his products have attained 
wide reputation for their superiority. From the early days of his labors 
as a horticulturist in Indiana to the present time he has carried on a 
large annual business in the .shipping of sweet potatoes. Mr. Vestal has 
been treasurer of the State Horticultural Society for twenty-five years. 

In politics Mr. Vestal is aligned as a supporter of the cause of the 
Republican party and he is a most appreciative member of the time- 
honored Masonic fraternity, ^^ith which he has been afifiliated since 1856. 
He is a prominent and valued member of the various bodies of the or- 
ganization in Little Rock, has attained to the thirty-second degree of 
the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite and is also identified with the 
Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the My.stic Shrine. 

In the year ISofi was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Vestal to 
^liss Josephine C. Lcmbarger, who was born and reared in the city of 
Philadelidiia. She is decea.sed. They had five children, Charles, who is 
associated with his father in business: Elizabeth, widow of William 
Smith, of Little Rock: Ellen, who is the wife of Henry Weigel. of Chi- 
cago, Illinois: (ieoi'ge. who is deceased, was professor of hortietdtiire in 
the State Agricultural and Mechanical College, Xew Mexico, and Frank, 
also deceased, was a florist of Little Rock. For his second wife. Mr. 
Vestal married Mrs. Nora Cams. 



HISTOEY OF AEKANSAS 1-^25 

Allan Walton is the vice-president and general manager of the 
Arkansas Grocer Company, at Blytheville, and he has been a resident 
of this state since 1902, coming hither as a contribution to its citizen- 
sliip from tlie state of Missouri. Mr. Walton was born in St. Louis 
county, Missouri, on the 4tli of March, 1864, and he repx'esents two 
prominent pioneer families in that section. His father was Frederick 
Bates Walton, whose birth occurred in Virginia, whence he accompanied 
his parents to Missouri in early childhood. He was graduated in St. 
Charles College, at St. Charles, Missouri, passed a number of years of 
his married life as a farmer at Bellefontaine, and later was engaged 
for a short time in the general merchandise business at St. Louis. After 
retiring fi-om active pai-ticipation in business affairs he removed to 
Winterhaven, Florida, where he was summoned to the life eternal on 
the 24th of December, 1908, at the age of seventy years. Frederick B. 
Walton was a son of Robert A. Walton, who was a farmer and manu- 
facturer in the days before and subsequent to the wai-, some of his 
goods going to the United States government during the war, in the 
shape of blankets for its soldiery. For his wife Robert A. Walton mar- 
ried a Miss Bates, a daughter of Fi-ederiek Bates, the second governor 
of Missouri, and a niece of Edward Bates, attorney general in Presi- 
dent Lincoln's cabinet. The old Bates home was in the mansion built 
by the governor at Bellefontaine in 1807, and the same is still standing 
in a state of good preservation today. Upon the issues of the Civil 
war the Walton and Bates families were divided between the North and 
the South, some remaining loyal to the Union and other members en- 
couraging the Confederacy. With the exception of the attorney general, 
Edward Bates, and General John Coulter Bates that family seemed to 
favor the cause of the Confederacy. 

The Walton family settled at Bellefontaine about the year 1840 
and at that time Governor Bates had been a resident of Missouri for 
some fifty years, having removed thence from Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. 
Robert A. Walton were the parents of ten children, seven sons and 
three daughters. Frederick B. Walton married Miss Louise Conway, a 
daughter of Samuel Conway, who settled at Bellefontaine among its 
frontiersmen in 1799, his native home having been Kentucln'. Mrs. 
Walton was born at Bellefontaine in the year 1840 and she was sum- 
moned to the life eternal in 1896, at the comparatively yoang age- of 
fifty-six years. Of the children born to this union those to reach mature 
years were: Allan, the immediate sub.ject of this review; Guy, who is 
now in the employ of the Meyer Brothers Drug Company, Howard, 
who is a salesman for the Cincinnati Cloak & Suit Company of St. 
Louis; Grace, residing at St. Louis; Roy, who is in the employ of the 
Ely-Walker Dry Goods Company, of St. Louis; and Miss Gladys, who 
likewise resides at St. Louis. 

In the public schools of his native place Allan Walton received his 
early educational training, his boyhood and youth having been passed 
upon the old hnriiestcnil farm in Missouri. After a fair common school 
education he turned his attention to telegraphy and became an operator. 
After several months' identification with that business, however, he 
abandoned the .service and entered the wholesale grocery house of Jar- 
ratt, Gilliland & Roberts, in St. Louis, as a clerk. After remaining 
with that concern for a time he entered the employ of the firm of 
Clark & Stuyvesant, who were engaged in a similar line of business at 
St. Louis. In 1902 ho made another change, coming in that year to 
Arkansas and locating at Jonesboro, where he joined the wholesale 
house of Marcus Berger. In 1907 he became interested in the Arkansas 



1226 HISTORY OF AKKAXSAS 

Grocer Company and came to Blj-tlieville as its manager and vice-presi- 
dent in that year. The Arkansas Grocer Company was incorporated 
in 1904 with a capital stock of fiity thousand dollars, which has recently 
been increased lo eighty thousand dollars, nearly all of which amount 
is in the hands of its officers as the result of an active shifting of the 
stock in 1911. Strictly a jobbing business is carried on by the company 
and it is now recognized as one of the largest and best concerns of its 
kind in this section of the state. 

On the 21st of October, 1903, was recorded the marriage of Mr. 
Walton to Miss Virginia Fcild, the ceis'iiiniiy liaving been performed 
at Jonesboro, Arkansas. Mrs. Walton is :i chmuhlcr of Henry A. Feild, 
of Memphis, Tennessee, a veteran of Fniivsl 's ualhint eonnnand. This 
iinion has been prolific of one child. Viri;iuia Fcild Walton, whose natal 
day is the 6th of August, 1904. 

In politics Mr. AValton endorses the cause of the Democratic party, 
and although he has never shown aught of ambition for the honors or 
emoluments of public office of any description he is ever on the qui vive 
to do all in his power to advance the best interests of the community 
in which he resides and of the country at large. In the grand old 
JIasonic order Mr. Walton has passed through the circle of the York 
Rite branch, holding membership in the lodge, chapter and commandery 
at St. Louis, Missouri. At Blytheville he is a valued and appreciative 
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. In business 
affairs Mr. Walton is energetic, prompt and notably reliable. He has 
been watchful of all the details of his bu.siness and of all indications 
pointing to pro.sperit,y, and thus he has sained a distinctive position in 
the commercial world of Blytheville, but this has not been alone the 
goal for which he is striving, and he belongs to the class of representa- 
tive American citizens who promote the general prosperity while ad- 
vancing their own individual interests. 

Charles J. Griffith. Enterprising and progressive, ]Mr. Charles 
J. Griffith li.is iiii'l with marked success during his active career, and 
by a persistent n|i|)li(iiti(m of his native talent along certain lines of 
industry ha.s atiiiiiu'd prominence and distinction, being now superin- 
tendent of the railway department of the Little Rock Railway and 
Electric Company and a director and one of the large stockholders of 
the Big Bear Mining Company, which is developing what promises to 
be one of the richest mineral properties in Arkansas. 

Born and bred in Rochester, New York, Mr. Griffith learned teleg- 
raphy when young, and subsequently became interested in the study of 
electricit.y and its wide p(issil)ilities. As an electrician ami electrical 
engineer of skill he liec;iiiie eoimeeted with street i'aihv:iy systems and 
the inauguration ol li'_;liliii'_; |ilaiils, his operations almie that line tak- 
ing him into (lilVei'eiit parts nf the I'ountry. In 1890 he was associated 
with the Pine lllulf Wnter mid Li'jht Company, of Pine Bhiff, Arkan- 
sas, and in ISIH' loiMted at Little K'oek and for five years was associated 
with the Street Railway Company of this city. The following five years 
Mr. Griffith was similarly occupied in other places, but in 1902 re- 
turned to Little Rock, where he has since been employed in the street 
railway service. He is now superintendent of railway department of 
the Little Rock Railway and Electric Company, which in addition to 
owning and operating the street railway system has a large electric 
light and power plant in the city, which it is operating successfull.v. 
As superintendent of railway affairs Mr. Griffith is entitled to much 
credit and praise, the street railway s.ystem of Little Rock being every- 



HISTOKY OF AEKAXSAS 1227 

where uoted for its efficient operation and practically perfect service. 
He takes great interest in the growing prosperity of the city and is a 
valued member of the Chamber of Commerce, and one of the public- 
spirited citizens of the city, county and state. 

In 1890 Mr. Griffith married Miss Rose Baeder, who became the 
mother of two children, Fay and Sylvia. Mrs. Griffith died in 1898. 
In 1900 he married Miss Addie M. Shelton, and of this union there are 
four children: Paul, Marguerite, Charles and Thelma Rose. 

Hon. L. Clyde Going, member of the House of Representatives iu 
the state legislature and engaged in the practice of law at Harrisburg, 
is one of the most energetic, enterprising and successful professional 
men of this section of the state. He has devoted the major portion of 
his active career to an extensive law clientage and to the affairs of the 
various important public offices of which he has been incumbent, and 
it would seem that he has alwajs pos.sessed an "open sesame" to unlock 
the doors of success in every enterprise that he has undertaken. As a 
legislator and as prosecuting attorney of the Second Judicial District he 
has been a constant agitator and worker for the *eneral welfare aud 
reform, both in administration and in state, county and municipal 
improvements. 

A native of Harrisburg, Poinsett county, Arkansas, Mr. Going was 
born on the 28th of June, 1872, a son of Samuel and Bettie (Sloan) 
Going, the former of whom was a native of Louisiana and the latter of 
whom claims Virginia as the place of her birth. Samuel Going came 
to Arkansas soon after the close of the Civil war and he is best remem- 
bered as a newspaper man and as a prominent participant in state 
politics and affairs. He edited a newspaper at Forrest City, Arkansas, 
later at Harrisburg, and at one time canvassed the state in the interest 
of Mr. Johnson, candidate for the Democratic nomination for the United 
States Senate. He established the family home at Harrisburg in 1870, 
and there continued to reside until 1878, in which year he volunteered 
his .services .as a nurse during the great scourge of yellow fever that 
was raging at Memphis, Tennessee. He contracted the sickness h'imself 
and died in that city. His cherished and devoted wife, who still sur- 
vives him, is now living at Hot Springs. 

Mr. Going, of this notice, was educated in the public schools of 
Hai-risburg and subsequently he was matriculated as a student in the 
law department of the University of Arkansas, at Little Rock, in which 
he was graduated as a member of the class of 1893, duly receiving there- 
from his degree of Bachelor of Laws. He initiated the active practice 
of his profession in that year at Harrisburg and has beeu eminently 
successful as a versatile trial lawyer and as a well fortified counselor. 
In 1904 he was elected prosecuting attorney of the Second Judicial Dis- 
trict of Arkansas, giving such effective service in that capacity that 
he was re-elected as his own successor in 1906. In 1910 he was elected 
to represent Poinsett county in the state legislature and in the 1911 
session of that body he took a conspicuous part in the passage of prom- 
inent legislation and attracted considerable attention for his ability as 
a legislator, not only in local aft'airs affecting his district, but also in a 
broad way, in matters affecting the welfare of the state as a whole. 

One of the most important measures in which he took part w-as 
the defeat of the "back-tax" bill, which had previously passed the 
Senate. He assisted in the passage of the medical school bill, under 
which the medical department of the University of Arkansas, hereto- 
fore conducted under private management, becomes a part of the prop- 



1228 H18T0KY OF AKKANSAS 

erty of the state and a department proper of the state university. He 
aJso advocated and was largely instrumental in the passage of the bill 
establishing the State Board of Health, a beneficent measure modeled 
on similar legislation in some thirty-live other states. He was a strong 
advocate in the House of what was known as the Bradham-Hurst bill, 
which passed the House but failed in the Senate. Had this bill become 
a law it would have placed in the hands of the state tax commission 
the authority for fixing and collecting the taxes on all public service 
corporations in the state, instead of such taxes being levied or assessed 
by local county assessoi-s and boards of equalization. Mi-. Going is 
chairman of the important judiciary committee, vice-chairman of the 
committee on public service corporations, and a member of various other 
committees. lu connection with the discharging of the duties connected 
with his various public offices Mr. Going has acquitted himself with all 
of honor and distinction and he has ever had at heart the best interests 
of the community and state at large. 

At Harrisburg, in the j'car 1896, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. Going to Miss Birdie Rooks, who was born and reared at Harris- 
burg. Mr. and Mrs. Going are the fond parents of three children, whose 
names are here entered in respective order of birth— Hazel, Maurice 
and Loraine. 

In politics Mr. Going is a stalwart advocate of the principles and 
policies for which the Democratic party stands sponsor, and in connec- 
tion with the work of his profession he is affiliated with a number of 
representative bar organizations. Fraternally he is a valued and ap- 
preciative member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
Koi'jlils 111' I'ythias, the Woodmen of the World and the Elks. His 
leadiisliip li.iN iiien manifest in many lines and he has .seldom failed of 
accDiiiplisliini'iil in whatever he has undertaken. He stands today as 
one of the strong men of Arkansas, strong in his honor and his good 
name, in the extent of his influence and in the result of his accom- 
plishments. 

Colonel Robert C. Hall. No field of usefulness is wider and 
more important than that of the educator, and to be at the head of the 
school system of a large city is to wield incalculable influence. If the 
man in whose hands this great trust is reposed be wise, broad-minded 
and of advanced ideas he is the benefactor of thousands of the younger 
generation and his ideas may find fruition in many future careers. 
Little Rock is to be congratulated upon the character and attainments 
of the gentleman who has been captain of her public schools since the 
year 1907— Colonel Robert C. Hall, whose ability is recognized far be- 
yond the boundaries of the state. 

This prominent educator was born in Nansemond county, Virginia, 
on the 2nd day of November, 1864, his parents being Cornelius and 
Martha (Darden) Hall. He is the scion of an old Virginia family, 
distinguished in the South, and his father was a Confederate soldier, 
having served throughout the great struggle between the states. The 
sub.ject was reared and educated in a preliminary way in his home 
town of Suffolk, being for three years a student in the Suffolk Military 
Academy. He subsequently entered the University of Virginia, re- 
mained within the portals of this famous institution of learning for 
four years and was graduated with the class of 1884. 

Willie in college Mr. Hall had come to the conclusion to adopt the 
]H'ofession of an instructor and for six years after finishing his own 
education ho taught school in the Old I)onnnion. His identification 



HISTOKY OF ARKANSAS 1229 

with Little Rock dates from the year 1891, when he became principal 
of a private school in this city. The excellence of his methods and the 
splendid results attained were "advertised by his loving friends," i. e., 
his pupils and their gratified parents, and in 1896 he was invited to 
lend his abilities to the public schools of Little Rock as principal of 
the high school, and in such capacity he remained for six years. Fol- 
lowing this he became principal in charge and president of the Arkan- 
sas Military Academy of Little Rock and conducted that institution for 
another six years. The school being then discontinued Colonel Hall 
again becauie C(mneeted with the public schools as principal, which con- 
nection he maintained until 1907, when he was chosen superintendent of 
the public schools of Little Rock, and continues in that office at the 
present time. 

Under Colonel Hall's enlightened direction the schools have flour- 
ished and advanced in very appreciable degree and the best of modern 
thought and method are at the disposal of the young people of the city. 
His knowledge of the science of education is broad and comprehensive 
and he discharges his duties with n sense of conscientious obligation that 
has received the ciKlniscniciit dl the general public. 

In 1896 ColiiiK-l Hull rsf,;lili>li,-(l a happy life companionship by 
marriage, Jliss Ai^ncs iSuwcs liccdiiiing his wife, their union occurring 
in Boston. Mjissarlmscits. They are the parents of four children, Mur- 
ray, Norman, ILiJcyini ;uid Beverly, and their home possesses an atmos- 
phere of cultiiic ,111(1 fine principles which is pleasantly expressive of 
the professional ideals of its head and the persona'ity of his admirable 
wife. 

Ch.vrles a. Pratt. (Ine of the honored citizens and eminently 
successful business men of Little Rock is Charles A. Pratt, president 
of the Exchange National Bank and engaged in the ownership and op- 
eration of railway e;iliii'_! Ikhisi's ;inil licitcls. He has been a resident of 
Little Rock since Is-'^^ .md llnis li.is witiirsscd the rapid development of 
the city, while at flu' saiin' tiinc roiitrilmting very materially to the 
same. Since as a youth ho began life as a brakeman on the railroad. 
Captain Pratt has done all things well and his association with any 
enterprise has proved the open sesame to its success. He has developed 
a finely systematized and prosperous business out of his railroad cafes 
and it is largely due to his discrimination and well directed administra- 
tive dealing that the Exchange National Bank has become one of the 
most substantial and popular banking houses of the .state of Arkansas. 

Mr. Pratt was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and is the son of 
Alexander P. and Antoinette (Powers) Pratt. When quite young his 
parents removed to Waukesha, Wisconsin, in which place he was reared 
and attended the public schools. It early devolved upon him to go 
forth into the world as a wage earner and he was a youth when he came 
to St. Louis and entered railroad service as a brakeman on the Missouri 
Pacific Railroad. He proved faithful and efficient and later was pro- 
moted to the position of passenger conductor, and while acting in that 
capacity during a period of six years he made the record of never hav- 
ing a wheel off the track or a serious injury occuri'ing to a passenger. 
His railroad service was on the main line of the Mis.souri Pacific be- 
tween St. Ijouis and Kan.sas City and for eight years he lived at Sedalia, 
the head(|uarters of that division. It was at Sedalia that he first entered 
the hotel and eating house business, becoming proprietor of the Garri- 
son House of that city. Retiring from train service Mr. Pratt bought a 
number of eating houses on the Iron Mountain division of the Missouri 



13.iO HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

Pacific and the Texas & Pacific Railway-, aud ever siuee that time, for 
a period of nearly twenty-five years, he has been suceessfullj- engaged 
in the operation of these restaurants and hotels, the business being now 
confined to the Missouri Pacific system. Mr. Pratt has cari-ied on the 
business with notable efficiencj- and satisfaction to the patrons of the 
railroad. It is his own individual enterprise aud not under supervision 
of the railroad, being carried on under the name of C. A. Pratt. He is 
vice-president of the Little Rock, Hot Springs & Western Railroad and 
a director in the Arkansas Central, both Gould properties. 

In 1888 ilr. Pratt established his headquarters for the above de- 
scribed business in Little Rock, which city has since been his home. 
Since 1890 he has been engaged in banking in the capital city, becoming 
connected with it in that year as a stockholder and director of the old 
Citizens' Bank. In 1904 the consolidation of the Exchange National 
Bank and the Citizens' Bank was effected, and in 1906 Mr. Pratt be- 
came president and has ever siuee remained in this high position. Since 
that time the Exchange National Bank has made great strides in strength 
aud influence in Little Rock, and it is the banking house of a large 
number of the most important cotton firms and other industries in 
Little Rock and the state. It has a capital stock of thi-ee hundred thou- 
sand dollars. In May, 1911, the location of this bank was changed from 
Second and Main streets to the corner of Capitol avenue and ]Main 
sti'eet— the IMasonie Temple— in which it occiipies new and elegant quar- 
ters i-i-pi't'siiitiiiLi ;i ]:iii:v cxin'iiilitufe of money. The personal integrity 
and hi'^h sLiiidiii- nt tlic iiii.T. s|,,l principals of the monetary institu- 
tion enlist it iiir its iiidst x'^iliiiiMc ns.set and give assurance of its con- 
tinued growth and prosperity. 

In April, 1887, Mr. Pratt laid the foundation of a happy household 
Iiy marriage, his chosen lady being ]\Iiss Martha R. Riley, of Jefferson 
City, Missouri, daughter of P. H. Riley. Their one daughter, Nona, is 
the wife of John D. Rather and resides at Tu.scumbia, Alabama. 

Robert B. \Vn>soN. Anicricans are beginning to realize the moral 
as well as the historical significance of oenealogical foundations. A, 
nation which relies upon the record of its homes for its national char- 
acter cannot afford to ignore the value of genealogical investigation as 
one of the truest .sources of patriotism. The love of home inspires the 
love of country. There is a wholesome influence in genealogical re- 
search which cannot be over-estimated. I\Ioreover, there is a deep human 
interest to it. Robert Barnett Wilson, whose name forms the caption 
for this review, i.s a prominent and influential lawyer at Russellville. 
Arkansas, and he is descended from a long line of noted and brilliant 
men. 

Robert Barnett Wilson was born in Shelby county, Teiniessee, the 
date of his nativity being the 26th of May, 1854. He' is a son of Ben- 
.iamin F. and ^lary W. (Williams) Wilson, the former of whom was 
snunnoned to the life eternal in April, 1904. and the latter of whom 
passed away in June, 1897. The father was a native of Goochland 
county, Virginia, the son of Barnett and Polly (Parish) Wilson. In 
the agnatic line the ancestn' is traced back to the Scottish Highland 
family of that name, which has produced so many notable figures both 
in Scotland and in Amei-iea. When about twenty-one years of age 
Ben.iamin P. Wilson immigrated from Virginia to Shelby county, Ten- 
nessee, where was solemnized his marriage to Miss Mary W. Williams, 
a daughter of Robei-t Williams, whose ancestry was of Welsh descent. 
In the latter part of 18.i4 hn brou'jrht his familv to Arkansas, settlinc:- 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS im 

ill Conwaj' county, a few miles above the old river town of Lewisburg, 
which later gave place to the present town of Morrilltou. Two years 
later Mr. Wilson purchased a small farm on the Arkansas river, in the 
southeast corner of Pope county, whither he removed his family and 
where he devoted his attention to agriculture and stock raising. At the 
time of the inception of the war between the states, although opposed 
to secession and having voted against secession, he gave evidence of his 
loyalty to the cause of the South by enlisting as a soldier in the Con- 
federate army. He served with all of valor and efficiency throughout 
the entire struggle, participating in a number of the most important 
engagements marking the progress of the war. 

The Wilson family, of which the subject of this review is a mem- 
ber, was founded in America by Robert B. M'ilson's great-great-grand- 
father, Richard Wilson, the son of Robert Wilson, of Dunfermline, Scot- 
land. Richard Wilson immigrated from the land of hills and heather 
to America about the year 1752, locating in the old commonwealth of 
Virginia. His wife was Janet Ross in her girlhood days. Richard Wil- 
son obtained a grant of land in King and Queen county, where he was 
engaged in planting and where he reared to maturity a family of chil- 
dren. James Wilson, great-grandfather of him to whom this sketch is 
dedicated, after his marriage to Anna Kidd removed from King and 
Queen county to Fluvanna county, where he continued to reside until 
his death, in 1820. Barnett Wilson, a son of James Wilson, was one 
of the most substantial citizens of Fluvanna county, where he lived until 
his death, in 1862. 

Among Mr. Wilson's ancestors were many notable personages, who 
gained distinction in art, literature, the sciences and in war. Among 
them may be mentioned Alexander Wilson, who, in 1714, became the 
first professor of astronomy in the University of Glasgow, Scotland; 
Andrew Wilson, a distinguished physician and author, who was grad- 
uated in the University of Edinburg as a member of the class of 1749 : 
Arthur Wilson (1595-1652), an historian and dramatist of note; and a 
number of others. 

Mr. Wilson, the sub.ject of this review, pas.sed his boyhood and 
youth in Pope county. His father having been financially broken up 
by the ravages of the Civil war, young Wilson was compelled to make 
a regular hand on the farm, attending school in the neighborhood for 
short periods during the intervals of farm work. But by close appli- 
cation at school and studying every leisure moment at home, by the 
time he arrived at age he had acquired a fair common school education. 
After teaching school a few months he entered Union XTuiversity at 
Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in February, 1872. and remained there until 
the end of the session in Jun°. 

In order to obtain money with which to return in the succeeding 
fall he returned home and taught a public school during the summer, 
but when he applied for his pay he found no money in the treasury, 
the country tlien being in the throes of reconstruction and in the hands 
of the carpet-bagger, which system and condition was more discreditable 
to the North, more intolerable to the South and left a deeper scar than 
all the horrors of the war: for the Southern soldier, after making as 
brave a fight as history records, surrendered as brave men and in good 
faith renewed their allegiance to the Union and its government, and 
with the feeling that they had surrendered to brave men and would re- 
ceive the treatment always accorded by the brave to the brave. And 
had the brave men of the North, who did the fighting and to whom the 
surrender was made, had their wisli in the matter we have no doubt that 



1232 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

the brave men oi' the South would not have been disappointed; but 
as is too often the case, after the war was fought those who did the 
lighting returned to their avocations of peace, while the politician and 
the grafter took charge of the public affairs, formulated the policy of 
the North toward the South, which was that of the worst and most 
cowardly plunder and rapine. 

Failing to receive pay for his teaching the school young Wilson 
had no other alternative but to work another year, and in the fall of 
1873 he entered St. John's College at Little Eock, a military institu- 
tion under the auspices of the Masonic Fraternity, which he was at- 
tending when Governor Baxter was forcibly ousted from the governor's 
office by Brooks. Baxter, when ousted, not knowing who were his 
friends, went to the college and placed himstlf umlrr the protection of 
the students, who at once laid down their IxKiks ami look up their guns, 
and AVilson, having a room in the main buihlinu, Haxti-i- was placed in 
it and there guarded by the students until the next day and until his 
friends had gathered in sufficient force to take him back and establish 
his headquarters in the city. During the Brooks-Baxter struggle young 
Wilson rendered valuable services to the Baxter cause by organizing 
the new recruits who were constantl.y coming, into companies and in- 
structing them in the manual of arms, and the officers as to their duties, 
also by going among the Brooks' forces and reporting to Baxter all he 
could learn of importance. 

After the end of the college term he worked on tlie fai'm and 
taught school until the spring of 1875, when he entered a law office to 
study law, and was admitted to practice in May, 1876. 

On November 21, 1877, he was married to Miss Anne ilary Howell, 
a daughter of Jesse C. Howell and Adalissa (Hardaway) Howell, both 
of whom had been raised in Kentucky and both of whom had been dead 
several years, the father having died in 1861 and the mother in 1873. 
Mrs. Wilson Avas born on a farm in Pope county, February 17, 1856, 
where she grew to womanhood and was left at the death of her mother. 
Young Wilson, having no means, and his wife being in the same condi- 
tion, they passed through the proverbial starvation period of the young 
lawyer, but by close industry and strict economy on the part of both 
himself and wife, who has proven to be a true helpmate, they, in a 
reasonable time, became in comfortable circumstances and now have a 
comijetency. His law practice has been large and varied and while 
earnestly prosecuting his chosen profession he has not forgotten the 
avocation in which he was reared, but soon began to acquire farming 
interests, which have grown until he now owns abotit five hundred acres 
of good farms besides wild lands which he is bringing into cultivation. 
He also owns valuable city property in his home city. 

In the spring of 1878 he was appointed to fill out an unexpired 
term as county .judge of Pope county, and \vas at the succeeding elec- 
tion elected for another term. Vp to the time of his incumbency the 
county had been running behind in its finances and was then over thir- 
ty-two thou.sand dollars in debt, with no public imiirovements to cause 
the deficit. As soon as he became county .judge he inaugiirated a sys- 
tem of refoi-m and dui'ing his incumbency he reduced tlie indebtedness 
over one-half, greatly In tlic disL'usl m|' the h.iii'jvrs-on. 

In the spring of l.^^ss Mr. Wilsim w.is a|i|iiiiiited by President Cleve- 
land as register of the rnitnl St.itis land dftice at Dardanelle, and 
while the appointment for this office is for a term of four years the 
appointee is subject to removal at the pleasure of the president at any 
time, with or without cause, and although his predecessor, a Republican, 



H18T0KY OF ARKANSAS 1233 

had been allowed by Mr. Cleveland to serve his full term and although 
Mr. Wilson made an excellent official and there was no complaint against 
him in any wa.y, yet President Harrison removed him just as soon as 
he eoidd get to hun, in August, 1889, appointing a Republican in his 
place. He then returned to Russellville and has ever since devoted him- 
self to the practice of law and to his farming interests. 

To the marriage union of Mr. and Mrs. AVilson were born: H. 
Howell Wilson, January 6, 1879 ; Marv, March 4, 1881 ; Frank C, May 
81, 1886 ; Adalissa, October 25, 1893 ; and Robert B., Jr., April 23, 1897. 
H. Howell Wilson graduated in the Russellville High School, then grad- 
uated as an electrical and mechanical engineer in the State University 
in 1901 and now holds a responsible position with the Pennsylvania 
Railroad. Mary attcmlcil :\Iaddox Seminary at Little Rock and then 
the Virginia Femalr liistiini.' at Roanoke, Virginia. She married E. H. 
Rankin in May, 1904, tn \^hi(•h union one son was born, Robert Wilson 
Rankin, who lives with Mr. and Mrs. Wilson, his mother having died 
April 28, 1910. Frank C. graduated in the Vauderbilt Dental College 
in 1908 and is now practicing his profession at Russellville. Adalissa 
and Robert B., Jr., are still at home, conducing to the vanishing pleas- 
ures of child family life. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wilson are affiliated with the Methodist Churcli, 
South. They have always been in the lead in working and giving to 
every enterprise, religious or secular, which looked to the betterment 
of their fellow men and the progress of the community, and when the 
l)eople of the city were bidding for the location of the agricultural 
school they not only worked unceasingly but they gave more for the 
required bonus than any one else, although there are several citizens of 
the city much more wealthy and who are benefited more than they by 
the securing of the school. 

In politics Mr. Wilson has always been a Democrat and has always 
supported the party ticket with one exception, and «that wa-s when a 
certain candidate for governor and for nomination by the state Demo- 
ci'atic convention, after having been nominated, appeared before the 
convention which nominated him and urged the delegates to stultify 
themselves by ignoring their instructions and to nominate a man for 
supreme .judge over another who had received a large majority of the 
instructed vote at the primaries. At the ensuing general election IMr. 
Wilson scratched this nominee for governor and voted his ticket openly, 
giving his reasons therefor. 

This has always been his character, open and frank in his utter- 
ances, and not only open and frank, but conscientious. And this he 
has carried into his law practice. He has stood for the observance of 
the law and good morals, both as a citizen and as a lawyer, and for 
years he has refused to defend any one guilt.y of betraying or violating 
female chastity, or of selling intoxicating drinks, or gambling, or carry- 
ing weapons, or any other like offense which is done with deliberation 
or to gi-atify some lust or for personal gain, holding that a lawj-er 
should ((iiisisti'iitly stand for the observance of the law and of correct 
principles .iiid |iractices of life, and not become a party to their breach 
by selling his services foi" the purpose of assisting the violators to 
escape just pimishment. 

HowAKD Bailey Dtidley. Although f;it(> did nol permit Tlowai'd 
Bailey Dudley to be a native son of Arkansas, his birth having occurred 
in the neighboring state of Missouri, yet since his early manhood he 
has been a loval citizen of the state. Not onlv is he identified in an 



1334 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

important manner with the commercial and mercantile life of the place, 
his business beins that of a hardware merchant and dealer in farming 
implements, but he has played a prominent and praiseworthy part in 
the management of the civic affairs of Stuttgart and DeWitt, having 
upon his record a term as postmaster of the first named city and as 
county treasui-er and deputy circuit clerk of Arkansas county. He is 
a good citizen in all that the tenn implies and it is to men of his stamp 
that the amazing progress of this particular section is due. 

^Ir. Dudley was boi-n in Palmyra, ^lissouri. the date of his birth 
being August 1, 1855, and his parents. William and Georgia (Davis) 
Dudley, wei-e both natives of Kentueln-. Through the paternal house 
he is related to the Dudleys of Kentucky, they being one of the dis- 
tinguished families of the Blue Grass state. After a preliminary edu- 
cation obtained in the public schools of his locality, Mr. Dudley entered 
St. Paul's College at Palmyra, Missouri, and there received his higher 
training. He was a very young man when he left his native state and 
came to Arkansas. He had plenty of pluck and independence, as well 
as initiative and he made a fortunate step soon after coming to Stutt- 
gart by purchasing a quarter section of school land, which he improved 
and which now. sreatly advanced in value, he still owns. 

;\rr. Dudley soon became well known in Stuttgart and during Cleve- 
land "s second administration he was appointed postma.ster of that city 
and proved a most faithful and efficient assistant of Uncle Sam. Not 
long after the conclusion of these duties Mr. Dudley made the race for 
circuit clerk of Arkansas county, but was defeated by fifty-six votes, and 
being selected as his successful opponent's deputy, he served faithfully 
and well in that capacity for two years. He was then elected cashier 
of the DeWitt Bank, but after serving for six months he resigned to 
accept the appointment of county treasurer at the hands of Governor 
Jones and so filled the unexpired term of C. S. Norman, deceased. 

In the year J901 began ]\Ir. Dudley's gratifying connection with 
the business woi'ld, for in that yjar, in association with M. A. Baker, 
he bought the hardware business of Norman & Willey, and these two 
continued in business until 1906. when Mr. Dudley bought his partner's 
interest in the business and since that time has conducted it under the 
firm name of H. B. Dudley. 

Associated with 'Sh: Dudley in the conduct of a business that is 
extensive and far-reaching in all the lines of merchandise that it cai'ries 
is his son, Roger W. Dudley, who is a fine example of that tj'pe of busi- 
ness man evolved by the exigent possibilities of the twentieth century, 
alert, progressive, enterprising— the woi-thy scion of a sire who is very 
proud of the down-to-now business hustler who is his chief lieutenant 
and who will, in the course of time, be his successor. 

]\rr. Dudley assumed marital relations on the 16th day of November, 
1880, when he was iinited in the bonds of matrimony to Miss Pearl 
White. Mrs. Dudley is a native of Missouri and a daughter of M. C. 
White, who was born in Missouri, and his wife was born in Kentucky. 
This happy union luis been furthei' cemented by the birth of the follow- 
ing children: Bessie B.. Nannie ^1. iwife of IT. C. Peiry. of Gi-ayville. 
Illinois), Roger W. and Sam D. 

Mr. Dudley is not only an enterprising business man and a progres- 
sive citizen, but is a conscientious Christian as well, being a member of 
the Baptist church and its Sunday school superintendent for the past 
decade. lie is the stalwart champion of the cause of good education and 
it is indeed appropriate that he should be president of the DeWitt High 
School Board. His intei-ests are bv no means limited to the activities 



HISTOEY OF ARKANSAS 1-235 

iiR'iitiiiued, but among other things he is also president of the DeWitt 
('reamery and lee Faeton'. It has been truly said of hira that he is 
always to be found to the fore when there is anything presented to his 
attention for the upbuilding of DeWitt and the uplifting of mankind. 
It goes without saying that he gives his hand and heart to the men 
and measures of the Democratic party, standing high in its councils and 
evar willing to do anything in his power to promote its interests legiti- 
mately. He is a member of DeWitt lodge No. 157, F. & A. M., of 
DeWitt, Arkansas. 

David Bentley Russell, secretai-y of the State Building Company 
and also of the Ozark Diamond ilines Corporation, is the scion of one 
of Arkansas' leading families and is one of the ablest young financiers 
and business men of the city of Little Rock. He was born at Morrillton, 
Arkansas, on the 17th day of May, 1874, and is the son of David Bell 
and Addie L. (Bentley) Russell. 

David Bell Russell was born in Pennsylvania. He made a highly 
creditable record as a Union soldier in the Civil war and he belonged 
to the army under General Steele that captured and occupied Little 
Rock in 1863. He was with the army in this state until the close of 
the war and so favorably was he impressed with its apparent oppor- 
tunities and advantages that he decided to remain and make it his home. 
He located in Conway county, at old Lewisburg, the original county 
seat of that county, which subsequently, upon the building of the Little 
Rock & Fort Smith Railroad, was abandoned as a town and replaced by 
the present city of i\Iorrillton. The elder Mr. Russell became a prom- 
inent and successful planter in Conway county, of which he was also 
sheriff during the early '70s. Later he was United States marshal for 
one term, during which he made his business headquarters in Little 
Rock. He was a Republican in polities and was a prominent member 
of that party in Arkansas, ever being ready to do anything, to go any- 
where to advance the interests of what its admirers are pleased to term 
"the Grand Old Party." :\Ir. IJuss.-ll continued to li.ve at Morrillton 
until his demise, which- took pl.-in .m M.iy 28, 1903. 

The subject's mother, now ili-cciscil, was a member of an old pioneer 
family in Arkansas and v.'as born at old Lewisburg. Her father was 
born in Virginia and came to Arkansas with his parents in 1819, the 
year it was organized as a territory. She and her husband were mar- 
ried in Conway county after the period of the Civil war and the sub- 
ject is an only child. 

"Sir. Rus.sell was reared^al Morrillton, his birthplace, and his early 
education was obtained in the schools of that town and also at Little 
Rock, and in that citj- he secured his higher training in the State Uni- 
versity. His first position of imjiortance was as an employe of the 
Mercantile Trust Company, and after severing that connection he be- 
came teller in the State National Bank, which office he retained for three 
years. As previously mentioned, he holds the position of secretary with 
the' State Building Company and the Ozark Diamond Mines Corpora- 
tion, of both of which Mr. R. D. Duncan, cashier of the State National 
Bank, is president. The latter company owns valuable portions of the 
diamond fields of Pike county, Arkansas, and both corporations hold 
high prestige among business and financial houses of the state. 

On the 20th day of January, 1904, Mr. Ru.ssell was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Edith Dodge Kidder, daughter of Charles Kidder, and a 
happy companionship was terminated by the death of the wife Decem- 
ber 7, 1907. Thei'e is one son, David Kidder Russell. 



1236 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

ilr. Russell is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks and is a member of the Country Club. He is a supporter of 
the policies and principles of the Republican party and stands as one 
of the progressive and loyal citizens of Little Rock, where he has secure 
hold on popular confidence and esteem. 

Samuel Paul Vaughtee, M. D. Holding high position among his 
professional brethren in Little Rock is Dr. Samuel Paul Vaughter, one 
of the city's well known physicians and surgeons. Acute in his preeep- 
tions, widely read in his profession and skillful in applying his acquire- 
ments to, practical use, his value as a physician and surgeon is of the 
highest character. It is his aim, and a realized one, to keep in touch 
with the continual progress of the profession of which he is such an 
admirable exponent. Dr. Yaughter is a native of the state of Georgia, 
his birth having occurred in Franklin county, that state, on the 6th 
day of February, 1871, and his parents being Professor J. M. C. and 
Margaret (Stribling) Vaughter. The father, who is still living in 
Faulkner county, his home being at Conwaj', the county seat of Faulkner 
county, is one of the well known educators of the state and has taught 
school in Faulkner county for a great many j'ears. He was principal 
of the Conway public schools for over six years and he is also county 
examiner of F"'aulkner county, a position he has held for several years. 
In addition to his pedagogical activities he has also taken a prominent 
part in public life, having been tax assessor of Faulkner county for 
one term, circuit clei'k for two terms and a member of the .state Senate 
for one term. He is zealously devoted to the Democratic party and is 
a most valued participant in party councils. 

Dr. Vaughter was fortunate in receiving the greater part of his 
education under the enlightened tiitelage of his honored father, and 
when a very young man he came to the conclusion to adopt as his own 
the medical profession. He received his preparation in the medical de- 
pai'tment of the University of Arkansas, at Little Rock, from which in- 
stitutiou he wa.s graduated with the class of 1892 with high honors. He 
began his practice at Conway, where he remained for one year, and at 
the end of that time he became physician for the Arkansas Deaf and 
Dumb School at Little Rock and remained in that position for two years 
(1893-1895). He then resumed private praetive at Conway until 1898, 
when he established himself in the practice of his profession at Little 
Rock, which has ever since lirm bis bmii.'. lie liiis proved remarkably 
successful and en.joxs ln-h incstivc \\ Iiiitn.t l^ndwii. At the time of 
the founding of the (Ollruv dl' i'liysici;iiis and Sui'.^eons in Little Rock 
Dr. Vaughter was appointed to the chair of demonstrator of anatomy 
in that institution, which he filled continuously until the close of the 
college year in 1911. He is associated with those organizations looking 
toward the advancement and unification of the profession, his member- 
ship extending to the County and State Medical Associations. In 1902 
he was elected coroner of Pulaski county and was re-elected in 1904 
and 1906, filling that office for six years with the best of satisfaction. 

Dr. Vaughter became a recruit to the ranks of the Benedicts when 
on the 17th day of June, 1894, Miss Mary Estelle MeGuire, daughter of 
the late Dr. McGuire, of Dardanelle, became his bride. ]\Irs. Vaughter's 
father was a pioneer physician in Arkansas and a prominent man in 
his profession foi- a long number of years. The subject and his wife 
sliare tlicir deliglitl'iil home witli a promising quintet of sons and 
(laui:li1( IS, hmiihIv: I'inil. Knrl. MMr<:iierite, Marion and Stella May. 



HIS'J'UKY OF AKKANSAS Vi37 

James Arthur Bowman is geuerally recognized as one of the lead- 
ing and representative citizens of Little Kock. The part he plays in 
the great scheme of affairs is that of a lumberman and property owner, 
and he is one of the most straightforward, energetic and successful of 
business men. In lumber circles he has long been an important factor 
and his name is known far and wide among those concerned in this 
great branch of industi-y. Although not a native son he has resided 
here for thirty years, and from a penniless youth has come to possess 
a comfortable fortune and high prestige among those who know and 
esteem his ability and signal worth. 

James A. Bowman, who stands as one of the most striking examples 
of that typically American product— the self made man— was born at 
Westfield, Medina county. Ohio, on the 15th day of July, 1862. He 
spent the first twenty years of his life in LeRoy, eventually removing 
to Akron, Ohio, and in 1884 he came from that Buckeye state town to 
Arkansas and went to work as a laborer in the lumber field. His older 
brother. H. A. Bowman, had preceded him to Arkansas by a short 
time, embarking in the lumber business, and the subject worked for him 
for some time. H. A. Bowman upon first coming to the state had es- 
tablished a lumber mill about fifteen miles south of Little Rock and 
later he came to Little Rock and became the proprietor of a retail lum- 
ber yard. In 1888, having become familiar through eight years' ex- 
perience as an employe with the various phases of the lumber business, 
the immediate subject of the review established a retail lumber busi- 
ness for himself at the corner of Sixth and Main streets, on the east 
side of the street, in what is now the heart of the business district of 
Little Rock. He there establislir,! :i xciy small lumber yard, to stock 
which he went into debt, havin- .ilisdlnlclv no cash when he went into 
basiness. From this very mddfst beginning the business grew and 
prospered amazingly and within five years he had bought the two-story 
l)ri('k Iniilding across the street from his yard, on the southwest corner 
of Sixth and Main streets, which property he owns at the present time 
and which is now occupied by Harris, the photographer, the Arkansas 
Savings Bank and the H. T. McKinley jewelry store. As a business 
property this corner ranks perhaps second in value and importance to 
the corner at Fifth and Main streets, which upon completion of the 
State National Bank Building in 1910 became the most prominent loca- 
tion in Little Rock. 

In 1894 Mr. Bowman discontinued the retail lumber business and 
for some years following engaged in the general lumber business on a 
larger scale. He built a large lumber mill near England in Lonoke 
county, which he operated for some years, and in connection with which 
he built the Central Arkansas & Eastern Railroad, constructed for log- 
ging and lumber hauling purposes, the route of said railroad extending 
froTu England nine miles east to his mill. This road was completed in 
1902 and proved of as immense advantage as had been expected. Mr. 
Bowman subsequently disposed of his interests in this railroad and the 
mill and the road is now an important link in the Cotton Belt Systmi. 
which is being built to connect with that company's line at Stuttgart. 
Since disposing of that business the subject has been financially inter- 
ested in various lumber and shingle mills and engages largely in the 
handling of lumber in car load lots. His business career has been un- 
usually successful and he enjoys that respect and deference which the 
world instinctively and justly pays to the man whose success in life has 
been worthily attained. 

On the "22nd day of Ausxust, 1901, 'Mr. Bowman laid the founda- 



1338 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

tioii oi' a happy household aud eougeuial life compauiouship by his 
union with !Miss Octavia Jennings, a daughter of the late Roseoe G. 
Jennings, who died in 1898, a distinguished pioneer citizen and one of 
the most eminent physicians of the state. Dr. Jennings was president 
of the Little "Rock Board of Health for a number of years, was presi- 
dent of the State Medical Association and president of the Medical Col- 
lege of the University of Arkansas. His large family practice was 
scarcely limited by the boundaries of the state. He was- one of the 
most famous authorities on smallpox aud was a man of deepest learning 
and wide knowledge. His old home at which he resided for a long 
number of years was located at Sixth and Arch street and was one of 
the historic landmarks of the city. Therein his children were born and 
reared. In June, 1911, 'Sir. Bowman completed the erection of the 
splendid residence at 1510 Arch street, built after his own designs and 
under his supervision. It is one of the finest and most modern homes 
in Little Rock and is equipped with every facility for the comfort and 
convenience of a family. This charming abode Mr. and Mrs. Bowman 
share with two sons, James Arthur, Jr., and Everett, and it is also the 
center of a most generous and gracious hospitality. 

Mr. Bowman is a member of the Masonic fraternity and exemplifies 
in his dealings the principles of moral and social justice and brotherly 
love for which the time-honored order stands. He is a member of the 
Universalist church, while Mrs. Bowman is a member of the Episcopal. 

Mr. Bowman is a son of George aud Elizabeth Reynolds Bowman. 

Dr. William D. Foster is a retired physician of Gravette and is 
the postmaster of the little city, his services in any capacity having 
ever been of the highest character. He is a native son of the state, his 
nativity having occurred at Pea Ridge November 12, 1853, aud his 
father, George R. Foster, was an exponeut of the great basic industry 
of agriculture who settled in the above mentioned state in 1842 and 
was there gathered to his fathers in 1905, when his years numbered 
eighty-five. He was born in Bedford county, Tennessee, in 1820, and 
was the son of Thomas Foster, who, like himself, lies buried at Pea 
Ridge. 

Thomas Foster was the head of the delegation of Fosters who set 
out with ox teams to make the journey from Bedford county to Arkan- 
sas, coming by way of St. Louis to Arkansas and easting anchor, so to 
speak, at Pea Ridge, Arkansas, afterward (in 1862) made famous as 
the battle ground of the Federal and Confederate forces. The Foster 
settlement proved a permanent one and it gave Benton county a family 
name v.liieh has been perpetuated here during the succeeding genera- 
tions. 

George R. Foster was a IMexican war soldier, having joined the 
.service from Tennessee when a young man, and at the breaking out of 
the rebellion his sympathies were with the cause of the Union. Condi- 
tions in Arkansas were such that he found it necessary to send his fam- 
ily to take refuge within Union territory, and during their absence his 
property was destroyed by the enemy. His son. Elias, who died in 
Kansas "at the close of the war, and his stepson, George Jones, who wore 
the blue in the Sixth Kansas Cavalry, both offered their lives as a 
sacrifice that the Union might be preserved. 

For his life companion George R. Foster married Elizabeth Jones, 
a daughter of George Parsons, who had previously married a Mr. Jones 
and been left a widow with a son named George. The latter entered 
the T^ninn armv, as above stated, died shortly after the war from dis- 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1230 

abilities received aud is buried at Fort Smith. Mrs. Foster lived to see 
her seventy-seventh birthday, her demise occurring in September, 1897. 

The children born to her aud i\lr. Foster were as follows: Elias; 
Dr. J. S., of Seligmau, ]\Iissouri; Dr. William D., of this review; Allen 
J., of Fort Smith, a member of the police force of that city; Margaret, 
wife of Ephraim Heaston, of Miami, Oklahoma ; Ellen and Alice, both 
deceased (the latter the wife of Rev. Charles Wade) ; and Edward, a 
farmer, residing near Pea Ridge, Arkansas. 

William D. Foster, whose name initiates these paragraphs, received 
his education in the public schools of Pea Ridge and then finished the 
course pi-esented by the college at that place. His first occupation as 
a factor in the workaday world was as a school teacher. His choice of 
a career was given to the medical profession and he inaugurated his 
preparations by reading under the direction of Dr. A. Ghenoweth, of 
Pineville, ilissouri. Concluding his residence at that place he removed 
to Exeter, Missoui-i, where he subsequently engaged in the drug busi- 
ness and where he took lectures in the Joplin College of Physicians aud 
Surgeons. He found himself fully equipped in 1881, and first hung 
out his professional shingle at Nebo, the predecessor of Gravette, aud 
followed the trend of busine.ss to Gravette when the railroad caused 
the establishment of the town. His professional activities extended over 
a period of about twenty years, and he abandoned his practice only 
after receiving the appointment of postmaster of Gravette in 1901. 

Dr. Foster has ever been known for his political opinions and con- 
victions, and for being a Republiinn lie has no apology to offer, having 
always given an enthusiastic ami whi.lc-liearted allegiance to the men 
and measures for which the "Grand ()ld Party" stands sponsor. His 
first political appointment was in 1891, when he was made unc of the 
Benton county board of pension examiners, and he was (il)li'.:(Ml to yield 
his position to a Democrat when Cleveland entered the White House a 
second time. President McKinley restored him to rank again and he 
went from the examining board to the postoffice in 1901. He has wit- 
nessed the change from a third to a second class office and bears a com- 
mission from President Roosevelt and another from President Taft. 

Dr. Foster's interests are by no means limited to his office, al- 
though his best energies are devoted to its duties, and for some six 
years he has been engaged as a side issue in thoroughbred horse breed- 
ing. He possesses and has under his control several farms, and his 
efforts are for the most part directed toward the development of race 
stock. He is the first importer of fine hogs into the county and his 
example has been so numerously followed as to give Benton county a 
highly improved breed of swine, their raising being consequently a 
greater profit making industry for the farmer. 

Dr. Foster's history as a party man has been a varied one. Hi> 
has permitted himself to be sacrificed upon the altar of expediency as 
a candidate for several county offices and has helped thus to lead the 
"forlorn hope." He has been Republican state committeeman from 
Benton county and is now a member of the county committee. He is 
at present a member of the Gravette school board, having defeated a 
Democrat for the place in a Democratic territory. 

Dr. Foster assumed marital i-elations when on June 20. 1882. in 
Carroll county, Arkansas, in Berryville. he was united in marriage to 
]\rary Hartman, who was born in Pendleton county. West Virginia, in 
18.^8, the daughter of Ahia and ]\Iary (Cassell) Hartman. A daughter, 
Tallie, was born to Dr. and Mrs. Foster. She married James P. Sparks 
and died at Gravette November 26. 190'), (he mother of Florence and 



1240 HISTOEY OF ARKANSAS 

Clayton Foster Spai-ks, who are being reared in the home of their 
grandparents. 

The social proclivities of Dr. Foster have by no means been sub- 
merged by weightier considerations and he finds pleasure and profit in 
his lodge relations. He is a Mason, being a member of both the chapter 
and commandery ; an Odd Fellow and former delegate to the Grand 
Lodge; and a member of the Knights of Pythias. He is a consistent 
member and elder in the Presbyterian church of Gravette, which con- 
gregation he helped to organize. 

Reuben D. Partee. A fine old Confederate veteran of the Civil 
war and a citizen and business man whose various interests have con- 
tributed to the progress and prosperity of Little Rock is Captain 
Reuben Douglas Partee, who has been a loyal and public-spirited resi- 
dent of this city since 1887. Captain Partee was born at Gallatin, in 
Sumner county, Tennessee, on the 15th of August, 1838, in the an- 
cestral home of his mother, Martha (Douglas) Partee, which was set- 
tled over a hundred years ago and is still in possession of a descendant 
of the Douglas family. His father, Squire Boone Partee, was of French 
extraction, a native of North Carolina, but at an early day he removed 
thence to Murray county, Tennessee. Subsequently he established a 
home at Trenton, in Gibson county, Tennessee, whence removal was 
later made to Panola county, Mississippi. He was extensively engaged 
in plantation and farming inteiists dniiiiL; most of his active career. 
His seven sons all enlisted in the ('(nif.d.inte army: William Abner, 
Ark Young, Reuben Douglas, IIiimiii, I'dlk. Charles AVatkins, and S. 
Boone, the >(iiini^cst, wlm dii'd smiii ai'ter the war, was the captain of a 
company at sixlr.n yens oT ,i-«". 1 Ic was a young man of great promise, 
a graduate of tlic I'liiviisity nl' .Mississippi and an associate in law with 
Colonel L. Q. C. Lamar. 

Captain Partee 's second brother, A. Y. Partee, commanded a bat- 
tery of artillery during the seige of Vieksburg and was a gallant soldier. 
Having been reared to maturity on an old Southern plantation the 
subject of this sketch is still interested in that line of enterprise. He 
received his elementary education in the schools of the locality and 
period and early became associated with his father in the management 
of his farming interests. At the time of the inception of the Civil war 
he enlisted as a soldier in the Confederate army. He was assigned to 
duty on General McGowan's staff, with the rank of captain. He served 
throughout the war in Bragg and Johnston's armies in Tennessee, Ken- 
tucky and in North Mississippi. 

After the close of the war he located in Memphis, where he en- 
gaged in the cotton commission business with his cousin, Hiram A. 
Partee, and Colonel Blanton ]\IeGehee, under the firm name of Partee, 
McGehee and Company. Captain Partee has been twice married, his 
fir.st union having been to ^liss Georsria Mosby, of Jefferson county, 
Arkansas, who pa.ssed into the Great Beyond May 13. 1879. The issue 
of this marriage was: Mosley B. Partee and Mrs. Pattie Henderson. 
In the year 1883 was solemnized the marriage of Captain Partee to 
Miss Kate Webber, whose birth occun-ed in DeSota county, Missi.ssippi. 
By this union have been born three children: Mrs. Ruby Douglas 
Ratclift'e, Miss Sue Partee and Watkins Webber Partee. The Partee 
family is popular and a prominent factor in the best social activities 
of Little Rock, and in their religious faith are members of the First 
Methodist and First Christian churches. Captain Partee is a mem- 
ber nf llic Omar Weaver Camp of Confederate Veterans. In politics 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1241 

he accords stalwart allegiance to the Democratic party and gives freely 
of his aid and inlluence in support of all measures forwarded for the 
good of the general welfare. He is a man of broad human sympathy 
and generous impulses, a thorough optimist and possessed of strong 
domestic tastes. 

MuMFORD A. Austin. The man best fitted to meet the wonderfully 
changed life of today is not a new tyi)e of man. He is a man resplendent 
with the same old sterling qualities, great in his home life, great in his 
civic and patriotic life and great in his religious life. Such a man is 
Mumford A. Austin, and he is the sort of man to make his mark in al- 
most any environment, for he possesses fine initiative ability, clear 
powers of reasoning, a broad grasp of the possibilities of the financial 
world, and, most important of all, a keen appreciation of human nature. 
He is in the most significant sense the architect of his own fortunes, and 
his record throughout his entire career will bear the searchlight of the 
fullest investigation. Mr. Austin has long been numbered among the 
representative attorneys and biisiness men of Pine Blufi', Jefferson 
county, Arkansas, but early in 1910 he found it necessary to retire 
from active participation in business affairs on account of his health. 

Mumford A. Austin was born in Monroe county. North Carolina, 
on the 12th day of August, 1857, and is a son of Mr. and Mrs. R. G. 
Austin. In connection with the career of Mr. Austin recourse Ls taken 
to an appreciative resume of his biisiness activities which appeared in 
a local paper, and the article is reproduced with only such paraphrase 
and modification as the province of this complication demands. 

One of the leading attorneys of the state and one of the most im- 
portant factors in the commercial life of Pine Bluff is Hon. Mumford 
A. Austin. Mr. Austin has been a resident of Pine Bluff for more 
than a quarter of a century, but takes pride in referring to himself as 
still a young man, and he is, indeed, just in the prime of life. His 
career has been an interesting one when viewed from its present status, 
and success has crowned the efforts of a young man full of ambition, 
ability and determination. Mi-. Austin was born in Monroe, North 
Carolina, and ten years later accompanied his parents to Arkansas, 
where they settled upon a farm in the southeast section of the state. 
As a youth he worked upon his father's farm for a number of years, 
and now that he has gained a competency he often i-efers to the time 
when he rode to town upon an ox-wagon and when he suffered the 
many privations of the boy upon the farm. 

As a young man he chose the law as a profession, believing that in 
this line of endeavor he could better reach his ideals in life, and, after 
graduating in Emory and Henry College, in Virginia, he studied law 
under effective preceptorship in the offices of Carlton & McCain, at 
Pine Bluff. He made rapid progress in his absoi-ption and a.ssimilation 
of the science of jurisprudence, and was admitted to the bar of Arkansas 
in 1880. He immediately initiated the practice of his profession by 
opening an office in Pine Bluff, and he now stands as one of the ablest 
attorneys in this state. He soon earned an enviable reputation as an 
able practitioner, and has been associated with some of the most eminent 
lawyers of the South, namely: Judge W. E. Hemingway, John M. 
Clayton (now deceased), John A. Williams, who for a number of years 
was circuit judge and who later went to the Federal Bench, and the 
Hon. S. ^I. Taylor. Up to the time of his retirement in 1910. I\Tr. 
Austin was associated with M. Danaher, under the firm name of Austin 
& Danaher. He was for many years attorney for the St. Louis. Iron 
Vol. in— 10 



r.'42 HISTORY OF AKKAX.SAS 

Mountain & Southern Kailioad Company, and he was counsel for a 
niuuber of big corporations and private interests. He has long been 
known as an able and versatile trial lawj-er, and he has been concerned 
with much important litigation in the State and Federal Courts. He 
recently attracted much attention throughout the country by his con- 
nection with the noted Ellis ease in Little Kock, in which he was at- 
torney for Mr. and Mi-s. Ellis before the case got into the criminal 
courts. Later he served as a witne.ss in this same case, and in this 
capacity his shrewdness in getting before the jury his testimony, which 
was considered one of the strongest bits of evidence in the entire trial, 
was highly commended. But it is not as a criminal lawyer that "Sir. 
Austin has made his reputation, but rather as a civil lawyer, where a 
knowledge of the finer points of the law and the ability to reason and 
plead count far more than trickery and ability to pick a jury, and in 
this connection Mr. Austin has been an active participant in some of 
the most important cases in the historj' of the courts of the state. 

However, it is not alone in the legal profession that Jlr. Austin has 
gamed prominence and prestige, for he has also large financial interests 
of broad scope and importance. He was at one time president of the 
Citizens' Light & Transit Company, of Pine Bluff, and in this position 
he proved him.self a man of unusual financial and executive ability. 
With keen foresight, he early invested considerable money in Pine 
Bluff real estate, and he now owns some of the most valuable property 
in the city. 

In politics Mr. Austin is aligned as a stanch supporter of the 
principles and policies for which the Democratic party stands sponsor, 
and he is ever alert and enthusiastically in sympathy with all measures 
prtijected for the general welfare of his home city and county. He is 
l)r(iad-gauged, and the list of his personal friends might almost be said 
to include the list of his acquaintances, and they are legion, bound in 
no sense by party lines, religious creeds or social status. People of 
every diversity of condition, position or relative means know him and, 
knowing liini. }-i'speit and honor him. He is a man of sterling integrity, 
a home l(i\ir, hIih seeks and finds his chief pleasure by his own fireside 
in the eoiiip.iiiiniishii) of his fauuly and intimate personal friends. 
Club life, or the mad whirl of political strife, have for him little or no 
attraction." 

On the 6th day of Xoveiiiher, ISSl. was solemnized the marriage 
of Mr. Austin to Miss Mattie Keeler, who was born and reared in 
Jefferson county, Arkansas, and who is the daughter of George W. 
Keeler and Mary Anne Keeler, representative citizens of Pine Bluff". 
Mr. and Mrs. Austin have one cliild, now ^Mrs. F. F. McNeny, of Dallas, 
Texas. 

In 1890 his wife died. On the -Jlst day of December, 1903, was 
solemnized the marriage of iMr. Austin to ^Miss Estelle Buekner, who 
was born and reared in Norfolk, Virginia, and who is the daughter of 
Robert L. and Mary Anne Buekner, of Norfolk, Virginia. 'Mr. and ]\Trs. 
Austin have two childi-en. 

Sebastian' 'Geisreiter. One of the most valuable elements con- 
tributed to the complex and cosmopolitan social fabric of our American 
republic has ])een that furnished by the great empire of Germany, 
whose sterling sons and daughters have brought to bear the character- 
istic energy, judgment and constructive ability that typify the race as 
a whole. From this source Ajueriea has had much to gain and nothing 
to lose, and this fact is shown in everv conuiiunitv that has its con- 



HISTORY OP ARKANSAS 1243 

tiiiRent of those of German birth or ancestry. Arkansas has not been, 
denied 'its due quota of sterlinff citizens of such lineage, and prominent 
among the number is Sebastian Geisreiter, who is one of the most 
extensive hmdholdei's and most successful planters of Jefferson county 
and who as a citizen commands the unqualified confidence and regard 
of the people of the county that has been his home for more than 
two score years. His career has been marked by manj- and varied ex- 
periences and incidents, and he is a man of broad intellectual ken and 
of that strong individuality that qualifies one for the stern duties and 
responsibilities of a workaday world. 

Sebastian Geisreiter is a native of the kingdom of Bavaria, Gennany, 
where he was born on May 30, 1840, and his rudimentary education 
was secured in his fatherland, where he was reared to the age of four- 
teen years. He is a son of Jacob and Elizabeth (Von Schmuck) Geis- 
reiter, both of whom were born and reared in Bavaria, where they 
continued to maintain their abode until 1854, when they immigrated to 
America and located in the city of New York. The father devoted the 
major portion of his active career in America to the vocation of cabinet- 
maker and he passed the closing years of his life in Iowa. His wife 
died in 1844. The father was of sterling character, earnest, honest and 
industrious, a man of scholaiiy attainments, having a collegiate educa- 
tion, and to him was never denied the fullest measure of popular 



As already stated, Sebastian Geisreiter was reared to the age of 
fourteen years in his native land and he then accompanied his parents 
on their immigration to the United States. He initiated his business 
career as clerk in a cigar store in New York City, later he was solicitor 
for a large furniture establishment in the national metropolis, and finally 
he assumed the position of bookkeeper for a business concern in the 
city of Brooklyn. When he was about seventeen years of age he set 
forth to seek his fortunes in the west, and as his health was in such 
condition that physicians advised him to seek outdoor employment, he 
turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, in the state of Iowa. 
Though his early educational advantages had been meager he had dis- 
tinctive appreciation of the practical value of thorough mental dis- 
cipline and his ambition had been such as to lead him to devote as 
much time as possible to well dii-ected reading and study, through which 
he finally proved himself eligible for matriculation in Washington Col- 
lege, at Washington, Iowa, where he applied himself with all of dili- 
gence, with the result that, after attending this institiition for two 
years, he passed a satisfactory examination and was gi'anted a first- 
grade teacher's certificate. The Civil war was in progress at this time 
and instead of turning his attention to the pedagogic profession Mr. 
Geisreiter enlisted in the Second Minnesota Cavahy, with which he 
served in the campaigns against the Sioux Indians in the northwest. 
In 1864 he was a member of the military force sent out as escort for 
an immigrant train that was crossing the plains to Montana, where the 
gold excitement was then at its height. He had shown marked ability 
as a disciplinarian and tactician, and he served as sergeant of cavalry 
on this expedition, and in the same year he was ordered to the city of 
St. Louis by the secretary of war, was commi.ssioned first lieutenant 
in the volunteer infantry and was transferred to the Department of 
the South, where he continued in active service for some time after the 
surrender of Generals Lee and Johnston and the practical cessation of 
hostilities. In 1866 he again passed examination before a board of 
regular army officers with a view to entering into the regular army. 



V2U HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

The volunteer forces having- been nmstered out he was retained by 
si)ecial order from the secretary of war to serve on detached service 
and ordered to Fort Smith. Arkansas, where he remained until the 
autumn of that year, when he was transferred to Little Rock, where 
he reported to General E. 0. C. Ord and was assigned to inspection duty 
thi-ouahout eastern Arkansas. The military post at Pine Bluff was 
at that time the most important in the district, and here ilr. Geisreiter 
passed the major portion of his time until he resigned from the army, 
at the close of the year 1868. In the following year he established his 
pei-manent home in Pine Bluff, which has continued to be his place 
of residence during the long intervening years. Upon returning to 
civilian life he engaged in the insurance business. His genial per- 
sonality and sterling integrity soon gained to him the uniform con- 
fidence and esteem of the people of the community, and after a period 
of five }-ears he amplified the scope of his business enterprise by en- 
gaging in the handling of real estate. In this line he built up a success- 
ful business, in which he continued until 1878. when he found that his 
large interests in connection with the agricultural industry demanded his 
entire time and attention. He had accumulated in the meanwhile a 
large and valuable landed estate, and he has long been numbered among 
the progressive, successful and representative planters of Jefferson coun- 
ty. His finely improved plantation comprises 2,000 aci-es and is jnost 
attractively located in Jefferson and Lincoln counties and in addition 
to this fine property he is also the owner of improved and unim- 
proved property in the city of Pine Bluff, where he still resides, the 
while gives his supervision to his extensive and substantial interests. 

In politics Mr. Geisreiter is aligned as a stanch supporter of the 
best man from his point of view. As a loyal and public-spiiiicil citizen 
he has been actively identified with those enterprises and umlrrt.ikinus 
that have tended to further the development and civic advancinHiit and 
prosperity' of his home city and county. None is held in higher regard 
in the community and none has shown a deeper interest in the welfai-e 
of the community. He has served as a member of the board of public 
affairs of Pine Bluff" (1902 to 1906), and his labors in this office have not 
been in the least of perfunctory order. He is an appreciative member 
of the Masonic fraternity, in which he has attained to the thirty-third 
degree (honorary) of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, and he is 
also affiliated with the Knights of Pythias, in which he served as captain 
in the uniform rank divisions, of which he is an honorary member. 

In November. 1877, Mr. Geisreiter was united in marriage to IMiss 
IMary Olive Merrill, who was born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, and who 
was a daughter of the late Joseph Merrill, one of the most distinguished 
and honored citizens of the state and one of whom a memoir is entered 
on other pages of this volume. I\Irs. Geisreiter did not long survive her 
marriage, as she was summoned to the life etei-nal in June, 1878. In 
the-year 1889 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Geisreiter to IMiss 
Linda D. Chinn, daughter of the late Dr. Raleigh Chinn, of Jlason 
county, Kentucky, in which state she was born and reared. She is a 
woman of gracious personality and marked culture, having received ex- 
cellent educational advantages, including a course in the Millersburg 
Academy, at Miller.sburg, Kentucky. They have one child. ^lary 'Mcr- 
rill, borii October, 1890, at home. 

Joseph Merrill. Measured l)y its beneficence, its rectitude, its 
productiveness, its unconscious altruism and its material success, the 
life of the bite Joseph ^Merrill, of Pine Bluff", counted for much, and 
in this history of a state in which he long maintained his home and 



HISTORY OF ARKA>^SAS 1245 

1o whose progress and prosperity he contributed in generous measure, 
it is most consistent that there be incorporated a brief tribute to his 
memory. A man of much ability, of broad mental grasp and of 
intrinsic nobility of character, he left a deep impress upon the history 
of his day and generation, and none manifested a higher sense of stew- 
ardship or greater civic loyalty and generosity. He contributed much 
to the social and material development and upbuilding of the city of 
Pine Bluff and the county of Jefferson and was one of the honored 
pioneers of this now opulent and favored section of the state. 

Joseph JMerrill wa.s born in Rockingham county, New Hampshire, 
and the family was founded in New England in the colonial epoch of 
mir national history. He was the youngest sou of AVilliam and Mary 
(Sweet) Merrill, both of whom continued to reside in the old Granite 
state until their death, the father having devoted the greater part of 
his active career to the great basic industry of agriculture. The early 
educational advantages of Joseph Merrill were confined to an irregular 
a1 tendance in the common schools of the locality and period, and that 
he early initiated his association with the practical affairs of life is 
assured, as he was a lad of but eleven years at the time when he entered 
upon an apprenticeship to the trades of tanner and shoemaker. He 
continued his apprenticeship until he had attained to his legal majority, 
and in the meanwhile attended school when opportunity offered. After 
he had perfected himself in the work of his trades he secured employ- 
ment as a journeyman shoemaker in the city of Boston, where he was 
thus engaged for a pei-iod of five years, at the expiration of which he 
removed to the state of Ohio and located in the village of Sidney, Shelby 
county, where he conducted a shoe shop for himself about three years. 
He then wended his way southward and in December, 1835, he came 
to Little Rock, Arkansas, where he secured employment as clerk in a 
store. He continued to reside in that place, which was then a mere 
village, until 1847, when he accompanied his onployer to Pine Bluff', 
which was then a .straggling little handet, containing a few houses and 
one or two primitive mercantile establishments. In the following year 
he engaged in business upon his own responsibility, by opening a 
modest general store, and this he conducted until 1860. In the mean- 
while he had gained a strong hold upon popular confidence and esteem 
and had succeeded in building up a prosperous enterprise, the scope 
of which he expanded as circumstances and demands justified. In the 
year last mentioned Mr. Merrill disposed of this business, in connection 
with which he had served as postmaster of the village during the 
greater part of the time of his residence here. Like many others, he 
suffered the loss of property and marked financial reverses from the 
ravages of the Civil war, but he carefully conserved such interests as 
he could protect and when hostilities between the ncn-th and south 
came to an end he had sufficient capital to enable him to add to the 
landed estate which he had previously secured in Jefferson county. His 
judicious investments in real estate brought to him excellent returns, 
as the property greatly appreciated in value M-ith the increasing of 
settlement and the rapid development of agricultural interests, so tliat 
he was the owner of a comparatively large estate at the time of his 
death. 

An enduring monument to his memory is the Merrill Institute, 
wliich is located in the city of Pine Bluff and which is one of the tine 
(■ducat ioual institutions of the state. He gave the ground upon which 
the institute is located and there erected the present fine brick build- 
ing, wliich is three stories in height, and which provides a lecture hall 



IU6 IIIS'IOKY OF ARKANSAS 

or auditorium, a library, a gymnasium and commodious parlors, which 
are made available for the instruction and entertainment of the young- 
people of the city and also for others who wish to avail themselves of 
the advantages thus afforded. Mr. Merrill's benefaction in the found- 
ing of this splendid institution involved the expenditure of fully thirty 
thousand dollars, and no citizen of Pine Bluff has ever given more 
worthily or generously to the cause of education or to the forwarding 
of the best interests of the community. Mr. Merrill barely lived to 
see the completion of the fine institution which he had thus founded, and 
but a short time after its ilrdicitimi his lifeless body lay in state in the 
hall of the Jlerrill Instil iilr, tliidugh which his name and benevolence 
shall endure and his beneractiou prove of ever increasing value to the 
community. It may be said with all of consistency that "his works do 
follow him," and none has been more deserving of popular confidence 
and honor. He lived to nttnin the age of four score years and was 
in the most signifieant sciim' :i siH-niade man. He died in the year 1890. 
Mr. Merrill married .Miss lliirdinu'. eldest daughter of Dexter Hard- 
ing, a pioneer of Arkansas. liaviuL! come hither from Kentucky, the state 
of his nativity. lu polities Mr. :\I(MTill was a DeniiuTat. 

Edgar Williams. Blytheville is indeed fortunate in having as the 
incumbent of that mo.st important office, the superintendent of schools, 
an educator of the high ideals of Professor Edgar Williams, under 
who.se wise and progressive leadership the city schools have been carried 
loward the accoiiiplishment of high purposes and to the realization of a 
high mission. His career as an educator in the state of Arkansas has 
been of only a few years duration, dating from the year 1905. The first 
three years of this period were passed in Mississippi county as principal 
of the schools of Osceola, and he was elected to take charge of the 
Blytheville schools in 1908. 

Professor "Williams was born in Texas county, Missouri, March 8, 
1880, and was reared upon his father's farm near Turley and supple- 
mented such education as he secured in the public schools with attend- 
ance at the ^rountain Grove high school. He finished school here at 
the age of seventeen and at the age of eighteen years taught his first 
session at "Long Valley." a country district near his birthplace. For 
several years he was a regular addition to the teaching force of his 
county and in 1904 he was elected president of the Watson Seminary at 
Ashley, Missouri. At that place he was elected principal of the schools 
of Osceola and began his professional career in Arkansas. 

While engaged in country school work. Professor Williams also 
took advanced work in the summer .schools of the Missouri State Uni- 
versity, and he was for a time enrolled in the Missouri Normal School 
at Springfield, where he equipped himself for advanced work as a 
ti'acher and ascertained the most modern and enlightened methods in 
the management of graded schools. His interest in the subject of higher 
education is emphasized by his membership on the board of control of 
the State Reading Circle and also in the State Teachers Association, of ' 
which he was first vice-president in 1909. He al.sq served on the Count.v 
Text Book Board by appointment of the state superintendent nf public 
education. 

Professor Williams represents a family founded in Texas (Manily. 
Missouri, .just after the Civil war by his father, John Williams, who 
was born at McKeesport, Illinois, in 1837, and passed his life as a 
farmer. Ho married in Wright county. Mi.ssouri. Miss Armazinda 
Frances Wallace, who passed on to the "T^ndiscovcred Country" in 



HISTOEY OF AEKAXSAS 1247 

1903, the year previous to the death of her husband. The issue of their 
marriage was as follows: Walter, a ranchman, living near Stillwater, 
Oklahoma ; Alice, wife of J. R. G. Murphy, of Mahan, Missouri ; Mabel, 
wife of T. R. Shacklette, of Mahan, Missouri ; Frank, who is living at 
McKittrick, California ; Martin, a teacher at Blytheville, Arkansas ; 
Elizabeth, a teacher and the wife of E. S. Palmer, of Fulton, ilissouri; 
and Bertie Frances, a student in the high school at Houston, Missouri. 

Professor Williams established a happy home life when on August 
25, 1901, he was united in marriage to iliss Ada Wallace, a daughter 
of Quineey and Celia (Hollenbeck) Wallace, both natives of Missouri. 
]\lrs. W^illiams was educated in Mountain Grove Academy and in the 
Springfield Normal School and has been associated with her husband 
as a teacher during the years of their married life, and at present is 
principal of the Blytheville High School. 

The Blytheville schools have grown steadily since Professor Will- 
iams became their captain, and the number of teachers has increased 
from seven to fourteen regularly employed, and its enrolbnent is fully 
seven hundred at the present time. The school standard has been raised 
until its graduates are now admitted without examination to the State 
University, this afSliation having been brought about in 1911. 

Henky Kuper, Sr. a resident of Fort Smith, Sebastian county, 
for more than half a century, this venerable and honored citizen is 
now living virtually i-etired, and he merits consideration as one of the 
sterling pioneer business men of the city, as one of its loyal and piiblic 
spirited citizens and as one of the gallant soldiers who upheld the 
honor of the state in the Confederate service during the civil war. 

Mr. Kuper is a scion of a stanch old German family and was born 
in the province of Westphalia. Prussia, on the 8th of October. 1832. 
He gained his early education in the schools of his Fatherland and 
there also learned the tailor's trade. In 1854, soon after attaining to 
his legal majority, he severed the home ties and set forth to seek his 
fortunes in America. Soon after his arrival he secured employment 
at his trade in Waterloo, New York, where he maintained his home 
for five years and where his marriage was solemnized. Believing that 
better opportunities for gaining success and independence through 
individual effort were to be secured in the southwest, he set forth for 
Arkansas, a journey that in that day, 1859, was a somewhat formid- 
able undertaking, as means for transportation were most primitive 
as compared with those enjoyed at the present time. He voyaged 
down the Mississippi river to Napoleon, Arkansas, and from that point 
made his way up the Arkansas river to Fort Smith, which citj^ was 
then little more than a frontier military post, though an important 
place in the state. Here he has maintained his home during the long 
intervening years, within which he has witnessed the upbuilding of a 
fine industrial and commercial city, and here, save for the period of 
the Civil war, he was continuou.sly engaged in the work of his trade, 
eventually amplified into a successful merchant-tailoring business, until 
about 1903, when he felt justified in retiring from active business, 
after many years of earnest toil and endeavor. He has ever retained 
the inviolable confidence and esteem of this community and as a citizen 
has ever stood ready to do his part in the furtherance of measures 
and enterprises projected for the general good. His character is of 
the most sterling order and his nature is kindly, sympathetic and 
cordial, so that it is found that his circle of friends has ever been co- 
incident with that of his acquaintances. For many years his place of 



1218 HLSTOrtY OF AKKAXSAS 

business was iu the building which he still owns, at 715 Garrison 
street, and he is also the owner of other valuable realty in the city, 
including his attractive residence property, at 1012 North C street. 
For several years prior to his retirement from active business his only 
son, Henry, Jr., was associated with him iu the enterprise, under the 
firm name of Kixper & Son, and the business is still continued by the 
son, who is weU upholding the prestige of the honored name which he 
bears. In politics Mr. Kuper is found arrayed as a stalwart supporter 
of the cause of the Democratic party, and he has served as a valued 
member of the city council, besides which he was incumbent of the 
ofiBee of justice of the peace for one term. 

When the Civil war w-as precipitated upon a divided nation ^Ir. 
Kuper showed his loyalty to the South by tendering his services as a 
soldier of the Confederacy. He had been a member of that fine old 
military organization, the Fort Smith Rifles, of which he is now one 
of the few .surviving members, and with this organization he wa.s 
mustered into the Confederate service, the well trained command be- 
coming Company A of the Third Arkansas Regiment, which was as- 
signed to Cabtll's liiii^ade, in the Trans-Mississippi department. The 
first important rnuaizvinent in w'hich Mr. Kuper took part was the 
battle of AVilsniis Cr, .-k. or Oak Hill, on the 10th of Aiigust, 1861, 
and this will be recalled as one of the hard-fought and sanguinary 
conflicts of the early stages of the war. He lived up to the full ten- 
sion of arduous service, taking part in many engagements and con- 
tinuing w^ith his command until the close of the war. He then re- 
turned to his home in Fort Smith and again turned his attention to 
business affairs. His interest in his old comrades in arms is indicated 
by his membership in the United States ( ".mf.dri'ate Veterans' Asso- 
ciation. He is a member of the Roman Calhcln- cluirch, as was also 
his cherished and devoted wife, who was suiriiiKiind to the life enternal 
after their companionship had (>xtended ovr a period of more than 
half a century. 

At Waterloo, New- York, in the year IS.5.5, was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. Kuper to Miss Gertrude Errant, and her death oc- 
curred at the family home in Fort Smith, in 1906, at which time she 
was sixty-seven years of age. She is survived by six children.— Henry, 
Jr., Mrs. Mary Limberg, Mrs. Teresa Guenzel, Mrs. Elizabeth Kas- 
berg, Mrs. Agnes Edelman and Mrs. Clara Hammer. Henry Kuper, 
Jr., has been one of the representative citizens and business men of 
Fort Smith for many yeai-s and his loyalty to the same has never 
wavered. He has served as a member of the city board of aldermen 
and as deputy county clerk, and he is at the present time a member 
of the board of public affairs and also asses.sor for the free bridsie 
commission. 

Benjamin F. Miles. A inan of undoubted business ability and 
integrity, Benjamin F. Miles, of El Dorado, has served as its city 
treasurer for the past twenty years, giving perfect satisfaction to all 
concerned. Eminently fitted for the position, his early education hav- 
ing been better than that of many of the boys of his early days, he 
has won the respect of the entire community through the faithful dis- 
charge of his duties and the never-failintr confidence of his fellow-men. 
A native of Louisiana, he was born TMareh 2.'i, 185R, near Trenton, but 
was brought up in Arkansas. 

His father, Benjamin F. Miles. Sr.. was born in Alabama in 1822. 
He subsequently lived in Louisiana until a few year.s preceding the 



HISTORY OF AEKAXSAS 1241) 

Civil war, when he came to Union county, Arkansas. Locating in El 
Dorado, he opened a mercantile establishment, continuing a business 
which he had previously followed for a time in Plattville, Alabama. 
He bought extensive tracts of land and owned many slaves, being 
one of the men of wealth in the community. In 1864 he moved to Russ 
county, Texas, where his death occurred the following year. He mar- 
ried, in Alabama, Sarah Tatum, whose death occurred in 1866, and' 
they became the parents of nine children, namely : William F., of 
Dallas, Texas; Edmund, deceased; A. B., deceased; Elizabeth, wife of 
Judge J. B. Moore, of Arkadelphia; 0. A., of Bay City, Texas, who 
was for many years circuit clerk of Union county, Arkansas; Benjamin 
P., the special subject of this brief personal review; W. J., of El 
Dorado; H. W., of Fort Worth, Texas; and Lydia, deceased. The 
father was a devout member of the Methodist church and Sunday- 
school superintendent therein for many years. 

Scholarly in his tastes and ambitions, Benjamin F. Miles was 
granted excellent educational advantages as a youth. After leaving 
the public schools he continued his studies at Gordon Institute, in 
Union county; was graduated from Arizona Seminary, in Arizona, 
Louisiana, in 1876, and subsequently completed the course of study 
at ]\rouiul I'ity Commercial College, in Saint Louis, ^Missouri. Mr. 
;\lilcs began his linsiness career as bookkeeper in a commercial house 
in El Dorado, and while thus employed was made deputy circuit clerk. 
In 1888 he was elected county examiner, subsequeutlj' becoming deputy 
county treasurer, a position which he held four years. He was in 
1910 elected to his present position as circuit clerk of Union county, 
giving positive evidence of his ability and eminent trustworthiness. 

Mr. Miles married, December 24, 1879, Anna Dearing, of Hills- 
boro, Arkansas, who died April 8, 1898. Of the six children born of 
their union, four are now living, namely: F. W.. bookkeeper in the 
El Dorado Citizens' National Bank, who married Bettie Henry, of 
Laneastei-, Kentucky; W. W., deputy circuit clerk of Union county; 
Sadie, wife of J. D. Craig, of El Dorado; and Elizabeth, a student 
in the Ouchita Bapti-st College at Arkadelphia, Arkansas. Mr. IMiles 
married the second time, November 5, 1902, Ida Perdue, of El Dorado, 
and they have one son. Perdue Miles, born February 21, 1906. 

Hon. Verazzani C. Bratton, county judge of Searcj' county, is 
the po]Milar, prosperous and h(in(ire<l rrprf s(-iit;itive of a family whose 
iiieiubers have been maldiiu vnlii.ihic mit rilmtidiis to the progress of 
this section ui Ai'kansas for !hre( -(luarln-s of n century. The Judge, 
who has been a resident of ^Marshall for more than thirty years, has 
done everything possible to prove his loyalty to the i)lace and the 
county, has advanced their interests as an enterprising merchant and 
citizen and a faithful public servant, and has been rewarded with many 
honors, both of community respect and offices of trust. 

Judge Verazzani C. Bratton is a native of Searcy county, born at 
Wiley's Cove July 19, 1860, and is a .son of James and Dicey (Hatchett) 
Bratton, his father being a pioneer who came hither from Tennessee 
as a boy and has passed a long and active life in the community. 
The founder of the family in Arkansas was Benjamin, the grand- 
father of the Judge, who married Laura Williams in Tennessee and 
brought his family to the Cove about 1850. Besides James, their 
children were John and F. M., still of Wiley's Cove; Benjamin, of 
Van Buren county, Arkansas; Ambrose; Mary L., no\i' a Mrs. Ship- 



1250 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

man and a resident of Texas; and Dicey, who married Mr. Baldwin, 
also of "Wiley's Cove. 

James Bratton, the father, is a native of Tennessee, born in 1837. 
and Wiley's Cove has been his home for more than sixty years. There 
he obtained a limited education, and in this garden spot of Searcy has 
generally occupied himself with the various phases of farm life, con- 
tent with a quiet life which, nevertheless, enabled him to perform his 
full duties as a father, husband and the head of a respected household. 
Differing from many of his relatives in that community, he espoused 
the Union cause upon the issues of the Civil war and allied himself 
with the Democratic party upon the question of suffrage. Without 
aspiration for any but domestic and rural comforts, he has brought 
up his family in the paths of industry and honor, and enjoys, with 
the wedded companion of his youth, the contentment of a well-ordered 
life. Mr. and Mrs. James Bratton have become the parents of the 
following: L. E. Bratton, now a physician of Atkins, Arkansas; Mrs. 
Cordelia Shipman; Victoria L., deceased; Nancy L., who married 
^Matthew Sooter and lives in South Dakota ; Melissa, wife of Dr. Samuel 
G. Daniels, of Marshall; Napoleon iM., of South Dakota; and Anie, 
who married S. G. Thomas, of liCslie; and Verazzani.C, of this review. 

Judge Bratton remained on the Cove farm until he was twenty 
years of age, and began life in the mercantile field with such educa- 
tion as could be gleaned from the country schools. His first venture 
was as bookkeeper and clerk in a Marshall store, but he became so 
active and popular politically that his many Democratic friends elected 
him county and circuit clerk of Searcy county in 1886 and kept him 
in office until 1890. Returning to merchandise, he sold goods for 
four years and then served half of that period as sheriff. He then 
established the hardware business at IMarshall, which he still operates 
under greatly enlarged proportions. In 1906 he yielded to a third 
persuasion, and perhaps inclination to official life, and was elected 
county judge, being chosen to his third term in September. 1910. 
His connection with Democratic affiairs has extended outside of his 
own county, as he is a member of the Democratic State Central Com- 
mittee from his judicial district and has widely extended the circle of 
his friendship and influence through the various conventions to which 
he has been a delegate. 

In the finances of the county Judge Bratton is well known as one 
of the organizers of the Marshall Bank and as a member of its of- 
ficial board since the founding of the institution. He also built the 
Bratton Hotel in his home town, and has made it the favorite resort 
for professional and commercial men who gravitate to the county seat. 
In the circles of IMasonry his record is that of past master of Marshall 
Lodge, past high priest of the Chapter and delegate to both Grand 
Lodge and Chapter, and is also a member of St. Aldeman's Com- 
mandery at Harrison. As an Oddfellow, his work has been equally 
conspicuous and important; he was the first noble grand of the IMar- 
shall lodge, and has served as a member of the Grand Lodge and as 
district depi;ty grand ma.ster. 

In November, 1890, Judge Bratton wedded ]\Iiss Nettie J. Green- 
haw, the ceremony occurring at Marshall. His wife is a daughter of 
Captain 0. B. Greenhaw, a Tennesseean, an early settler of Searcy 
county and a Confederate soldier. The children of Judge and Mrs. 
Bratton aiv Una R., Marv Dieev and Helen Kathleen. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS Vi'A 

Silas Obed Kimbro, M. D. In no profession have the marks of prog- 
i-ess and the discoveries of science effected greater changes of method and 
practical application than in that of medicine, and he who would be fully 
in accord with tlie spirit of the age must be a close student, possessed with 
a keen and discriminating mind, capable of determining what is best in the 
new theories and trutlis constantly advanced, and then applying them to the 
needs of a profession whose noble object is the alleviation of human suffer- 
ing. Silas Obed Kimbro is one of the younger members of the medical 
fraternity of Drew county, yet he has already manifested such ideals and 
abilities as give promise of a future career of remarkable lustre. 

Doctor Kimbro is a native son of the county in which he has elected 
to inaugurate his professional career. His birth date was January 15, 1881, 
and his parents were Dr. William C. and Louisa (Pritchard) Kimbro. His 
early yeaj-s were passed upon his father's farm, many of whose duties fell 
upon his young shoulders. He iv^civrd his preliminary education in the 
public school and then began t'< lumIiI'v tliat ambition for a thorough edu- 
cation which at an early date hiul inkcii root in his bosom. After leaving 
the country school he entered Iliueman's University, at Monticello. then 
went to Sulphur Eock College, and eventually matriculated in the Arkan- 
sas Normal School, from whose medical department he graduated June 15, 
1900. That was but the beginning of the remarkably fine equipment which 
he desired to obtain before entering upon his chosen career, and he pro- 
ceeded to secure the finest medical education afforded by the southwest. 
He received a well-earned degree from the Gate City Medical College and 
School of Pharmacy at Texarkana, Texas, May 15, 1903, and was gradu- 
ated from the medical department of the University of Nashville, Tennes- 
see, June 29, 1906. He had, however, begun upon his practice some time 
previously, in 1901, at Berea, Ashley county, Arkansas, where he remained 
for two years, and was successful even at the start. His identification with 
Monticello dated from 1906, and his stay here has been of sufficient dura- 
tion to manifest and prove his ability. In 1908 he opened a drug store 
in the city, which he still conducts tinder the name of Dr. S. 0. Kimbro 
& Company. He is associated with practically all of the organizations 
calculated to unite and advance the profession to which he is an undoubted 
ornament, his membership extending to the county and state medical 
societies and the Tri-State and American Medical Associations. Hs is also 
a member of the Woodmen of the World. 

On May 20, 1908, Dr. Kimbro became a recruit to the ranks of the 
Benedicts, the lady to become his wife being Miss Eugenia Haskew, of Ham- 
burg, Arkansas, a daughter of Charles E. and Elizabeth (Derton) Haskew. 
Their household is blessed by the presence of a little son, Garland Ray. 

Edwaud p. McGehee, M. D. During the years which mark the 
period of Dr. Edward P. McGehee's professional career he has met with 
gratifying success, and though his residence in Lake Village, Chicot county, 
Arkansas, dates back only to the year 1899, he has won the good will and 
patronage of many of the leading citizens and families of this place. He is 
a great student and endeavors to keep abreast with the times on everything 
relating to discoveries in medical science, being a patron of the leading 
jiuiriKils devoted to the discussion of the "ills that flesh is heir to" and 
tlie treatment thereof. Progressive in his ideas and believing in modern 
methods as a whole, he does not, however, dispense with the true and tried 
systems which have stood the test of years. 

Dr. Edward Pelham McGehee was born at Leighton. Alabama, the 
date of his birth being January 21, 1869. He is a son of Thomas M. and 
Marv S. (Spangler) ]\IcGehee, both of whom are deceased. The father 



Uo2 HISTORY OF AEKAXSAS 

was a prominent merchant in northern Alabama in the days prior to the 
Civil war, and in the Confederate army he was captain of a company in 
the Sixteenth Alabama Regiment, in which he gave most faithful service 
until the close of that sanguinary struggle. When peace had again been 
established he took up the work of civil engineering, which he followed 
with eminent success up to the time of his death, in 1881. The Doctor 
was the third in order of birth in the faTuily of seven children of Thomas M. 
McGehec, and he was named after John Pelhara, the boy artillerist of 
Stuart's brigade, who was the youngest major general in the Confederate 
service. After completing the curriculum of the public schools of his native 
place Dr. JJcGehee was matriculated in Leighton Academy, in which in- 
stitution he was a student for two years, at the expiration of which he 
entered the Southern University, at Greensboro, Alabama.. Two years 
later he attended the Vanderbilt College, at Nashville, Tennessee, and he 
was eventually graduated in the medical department of the University of 
Alabama, at Mobile, in March, 1894. He practiced medicine in the north- 
ern part of the state of Alabama for four years, and in the spring of 1899 
he came to Arkansas, locating at Lake Village, where he has since been 
actively identified with the work of his profession. He is extensively 
known as a skilled physician and surgeon and holds precedence as one of 
the best doctors in Chicot county. 

In connection with his life work Dr. McGehee is a member of the 
Chicot County Medical Society, the Arkansas State Medical Society and 
the AiiK ricaii Modical A^Mxiatioii. In a fraternal way he is affiliated with 
the tiini -liniim.d MaM.iiK nv,\rv and the Knights of Pythias. He is presi- 
dent lit till' l.akc X'illagi' Imai-il of health and he has been a member of the 
city council since 1902. In 1911 lir I'siaMishcd and fully equipped the Lake 
Village Infirmary, a private hosinial (Icvdtrd solely to important surgical 
eases. In addition to his medical work tin- Doctor has other interests of 
broad scope and importance. He owns considerable valuable real estate in 
Lake Village and is a member of the Board of Directors in the Chicot 
Bank & Trust Company. In politics he accords an unswerving 
allegiance to the principles and policies of the Democratic party and as a 
citizen he is widely renowned for his loyalty and public spirit. 

In March, 1904, was recorded the marriage of Dr. McGehee to Miss 
Sue ;McMurray, a daughter of Captain James McMurray, who came to 
Lake Village in the ante-bellum days and who for j-ears was a prominent 
And influential newspaper man in this place. He was born at Kingston, 
in Jamaica, West Indies, of Scotch-Irish parents, and was educated in the 
Dublin University. In the Confederate army, in the Civil war, he was a 
captain and he served with the utmost loyalty and gallantry in that con- 
flict. After tlie war he purchased a plantation at Luna Landing, Arkansas, 
on which he still resides. He reared to maturity a family of four children, 
of whom Mrs. McGehee was the youngest daughter. Dr. and Mrs. McGehee 
have three children, whose names are here entered in respective order of 
birth — Edward Pelham, Jr. ; Minnie, and Elizabeth. 

In no profession to which man gives his attention does success depend 
more largely upon individual effort than the one which now claims Dr. 
McGehee as a follower and the distinction and prestige achieved by him in 
his chosen calling attest his superior ability and close application. Fairness 
characterizes all his efforts and he conducts all his business with the strictest 
regard to a high standard of professional ethics. 

Heubekt Tysinger, of Little Rock, proprietor of the largest exclusive 
automobile supply house in the Southwest, has the additional enviable 
distinction of being "Father of the good roads movement in Arkansas," 




y^ •^ x^-^^^L.^i-'^'-z^- 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1253 

such lengthy title being his by every right. It cannot be denied that his 
ambition to make this section of the Bear state ideal for the automobile 
owner and other travelers is a laudable and altruistic one and it is one 
into which he has put a characteristic amount of energj- and enthusiasm. 
It is to such citizenship as his that Arkansas' beautiful capital city owes 
its remarkable progress and advancement and in many other ways he has 
demonstrated the public spirit that makes him so good and patriotic a 
citizen, in his career here having never failed to yield hearty support and 
co-operation to any measure that has appealed to him as likely to be con- 
ducive to the public good. The automobile has been declared the best 
and most economical means of locomotion in the world and automobile 
owners, not merely in Little Rock, but in the state at large, are indebted 
to Mr. Tysinger for his good offices in improving the roads and in in- 
augurating a campaign, whose results are as yet only in the initial stages. 

Herbert Tysinger is an Arkansan only by adoption, his birth having 
occurred at Deavertown, Morgan county, Ohio, on the 30th day of August, 
1878. As is the case with the grand majority of our successful citizens 
he was reared upon a farni, the wholesome and independent life of the 
farmer's son being his early experience. ' His parents were Charles F. and 
Marie E. (Wise) Tysinger, natives of Ohio. He received his preliminary 
education in the schools of Morgan county and his innate electrical genius 
early asserted itself, as it does in most of its devotees. He received his 
training as an electrical engineer in practice and for fourteen years was 
actively engaged as an electrician in various cities of the country, in- 
cluding Chicago, St. Louis and Indianapolis. His fortunate identifica- 
tion with Little Rock dates from the year 1897, his work in electrical 
construction bringing him here. He was greatly attracted by the city, its 
beauty appealing to him and its advantages being clearly perceptible to 
one familiar with various scenes and sections. In 1909, he became estab- 
lished in the automobile supply business, in which he has achieved splendid 
success, the enterprise growing in scope and importance until he can 
claim the distinction of having built up the largest business of its kind 
not only in the state, but in the entire southwest, and this, wonderful 
to state, in a period of two years. He is recognized as one of the represen- 
tative business men of the city, with substantial financial resources and 
first-class credit. In the legitimate channels of trade he has won the suc- 
cess which is sure to crown well directed labor, sound judgment and untir- 
ing preseverance. He is one of the largest and most successful sellers of the 
Republic Automobile tires, of which he is exclusive representative in 
Arkansas. This excellent tire embodies safety and durability and elim- 
inates all tire troubles. Another special feature of Mr. Tysinger's estab- 
lishment is the vulcanizing and the tire repair department, which is as 
completely equipped as any in the country. In addition to the tire and 
repair department a large line of automobile accessories and supplies are 
carried and Mr. Tysinger is exchxsive agent for Non-Fluid Oil and Mo- 
torol. Mr. Tysinger was originally situated at 315 Centre street, but 
with the beginning of 1911 he established new and larger quarters for 
his business at 414-416 Centre street. 

The subject is president of the Little Rock Good Roads Booster Club, 
an organization whose name amply explains itself, and he was the orig- 
inator of the weekly automobile tours of the club, a departure which 
awakened the business men and the farmers throughout Central Arkansas 
to the great good to be derived from fine roads. A man who can place 
one order for fourteen thousand dollars worth of tire, the largest ship- 
ment ever sent west of the Mississippi river, is assuredly a valuable force 
to have in the captaincy of the movement described. 



l-r>i HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

rulitically Mr. Tysinger subscriber to tlie articles of faith of the 
Kepublican party, but he takes in politics only the interest of the intel- 
ligent voter, having no disturbing ambition for the honors and emolu- 
ments of office. On February 15, 1900, he married Miss Florence Rhau, 
a native of Xew York, but who was reared in Arkansas. They have two 
children, Anna May and Marie E. 

RcFUS Blaie. The hope of Searcy county and of the state is founded 
upon the young men, and one of the most promising of the standard-bear- 
ers of progress and good citizenship is Rufus Blair, clerk of the Circuit 
Court of Searcy county. He is the representative of a family which even 
in ante-bellum days was one of the most prominent in the state. He was 
born at Bear Creek Postoffice, April 17, 1883, a son of Joseph T. Blair, 
who, as a youth, came to the state and county from the vicinity of Xash- 
ville, Tennessee. He married in the Bear state and reared liis family to be 
partially grown before he died at Leslie in 1897, at the age of fifty-two 
years. The mother of the subject was Emma Wasson, who died compara- 
tively early in life, the mother of William J., of LeGraude,- California; 
George T., of Leslie, Arkansas; Joseph E., also of that place; James R., 
of Salsaleto, California; Mrs. Houston Ellis, of Leslie, Arkansas; and Ru- 
fus Blair, the subject of this review. For his second wife the elder Mr. 
Blair married Martha Sooter, and the children of that union were Lawrence 
and Bay. 

Rufus Blair received from the hands of destiny what has been faceti- 
ously referred to as one of the prime requisites of greatness — he was born 
amid rural surroundings and developed his youthful strength in those 
numerous duties which fall to the lot of the farmer's son. When still a lad 
he accompanied the family to Leslie, where he continued his studies in the 
public schools, and when seventeen he came to Marshall and finished his 
education in the excellent graded schools of this place. His first adventure 
in the work-aday world was in the capacity of a school teacher, engaging in 
the pedagogical profession at an early age and following it successfully and 
with entire satisfaction to all concerned for the next seven years. He made 
his exit from this useful field of endeavor in 1908, when he received marked 
evidence of the confidence and regard in which he had established himself 
by his election to the circuit clerkship of the county. 

Mr. Blair is one of the most loyal and enthusiastic of Democrats, ever 
ready to go anywhere, to do anything honorable to advance the interests 
of the party in which he believes. He comes by his loyalty and enthusiasm 
by inheritance as well as by personal inclination, for he is of Democratic 
ancestry. He had the nomination "presented to him on a platter," as some 
one has said, not one man of his political faith opposing him. He was 
elected over his Republican opponent, the first time by a majority of three 
hundred and eighty, and in 1910, w^as nominated without opposition and 
elected at the state election by a majority of one hundred and forty-seven. 
He took office as the successor of Hosea Keeling, and is the youngest official 
elected in the county for many years. Although he thus "wears the rose of 
youth upon him" he has evinced that sound judgment wliich has made his 
selection highly warrantable. 

Mr. Blair was happily married November 2). 1910, :^[i^;s Bessie B. 
Motley, daughter of John W. Motley, becoming his bride. Mrs. Blair's 
father came to this state from Missouri but a few years since, and Missouri 
is her native state. 

Mr. Blair is a member of the Woodmen of the World and ho has been 
clerk of the Marshall camp for four years. He also belongs to the Knights 
of Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 



HISTOEY OF ARKANSAS r25.-. 

Oscar Redman. One of the most important factors in the business 
and civic life of Marshall is Oscar Redman, proprietor of the large concern ■ 
here dealing in dry goods, groceries, flour and feed and also a stockholder 
in the Marshall Roller Mill Company, both concerns which contribute in 
material fashion to the prosperity and well-being of the place. Mr. Red- 
man is one of the large real estate owners and preceded the mercantile 
career in which he has encountered such definite success as a farmer and 
deputy sheriif. In addition to his other claims to distinction he is popular 
and prominent in local lodge circles. 

Mr. Redman belongs to that typically American product, the self-made 
man, and although thrown upon his own resources at an early age by the 
machinations of an unkind fate he has conquered difficulties and estab- 
lished himself in a manner which reflects honor upon himself and credit 
upon the family name. He was born in Searcy county, Arkansas, Decem- 
ber 23, 1868, his parents being John L. and Dorcus (McLerran) Redman, 
and in the following year was taken by his parents to Cooke county, Texas, 
where lie grew to young manhood, returning in 1887 to the district of his 
nativity. He was but three years of age when deprived by death of -his 
father and only fifteen when his mother passed away during their residence 
near Gainesville, Texas, and from that time he found it necessary to de- 
pend whoily upon himself. He knew no schooling save that afforded by the 
country school and even such discipline ceased with the death of his mother. 
He was an only child and was thus doubly alone in the world. He found 
his means of livelihood as a worker by the month and even when so young 
his financial ability had become apparent, for he had so managed his 
finances as to possess a thousand dollars when he left the Lone Star state, 
being then a youth of only about nineteen years. 

When Oscar Redman came back to Arkansas he joined U. A. Bratton 
in buying a little saw mill eight miles east of Leslie, their partnership being 
designated as Bratton & Redman. This enterprise continued only a few 
months, Mr. Redman then disposing of his interest and engaging in farm- 
ing, with which he had already had some experience. After several years 
in which he wore the role from which Cincinnatus was called to the dic- 
tatorship, he accepted a deputyship under Sheriff J. A. Melton, and when 
they both left the office they engaged in merchandise together as the firm 
of Melton & Redman. In less than a year he sold out and reengaged in 
business alone, and has continued thus ever since that time. As previously 
mentioned, he deals in dry goods and groceries, with a flour and feed ad- 
junct, and occupies one of the brick buildings on the square. In November, 
1909, he bought an interest in the plant of the Marshall Roller ilill Com- 
pany, an institution that was built here about the year 1895 by a company 
made up of the citizens of Marshall and with a daily capacity of fifty bar- 
rels of flour a day. The mill manufactures meal and feed, and is one of the 
busy centers of Marshall enterprise, filling its local trade orders and taking 
care of the few customers it can supply in addition to the local demand. 

Mr. Redman has extended his substantial and permanent connection 
with Marshall from time to tinae by investment in real estate and in making 
improvements upon the same. His own residence and other buildings of 
less pretention mark the extent of his efforts as a builder of the town. 

Mr. Redman assumed the dignity and responsibility of a married man 
the year of his return to Searcy covmty, his> union with Miss Mary A. 
Sanders, a daughter of A. C. Sanders, taking place August 11, 1887. The 
Sanders family was originally of Tennessee. The children of this union 
are: Mima, wife of Oscar Stevens and mother of two children, named 
Redman and Theresa; 5[amie, wife -Qf Ben Basham and mother of a son 
named Harrv: Rov; Una; Urv; LTrskiue: and John. ^fr. Redman was a 



T2.-.r, HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

fatlier at twenty, a grandfather at thirty-eight and at forty-two had three 
.UTandchildren. 

In Masonry ilr. Eedman belongs to the Blue Lodge and Chapter at 
:\[arshall; and is an Odd Fellow, a Knight of Pythias and a Woodman of 
thi' World. His political faith is Democratic, but his interest in partisan 
matters is a dormant quantity. The twenty-four years of his identification 
with the county have been eminently satisfactory and his loyalty to its 
interests is one of the sincerest emotions of his being. 

Charles F. Adams, B. Agr., A. jM., M. D., is dean of the college of 
agriculture, director of the agricultural experiment station and fills the chair 
of entomology in the University of Arkansas. He was born at Atherton, 
Jackson county, Missouri, on the 4th of April, 1877, and is a son of Wil- 
Ham C. and Sarah (Herd) Adams, of Independence, Missouri. The family 
is one of the oldest of Jackson county and was founded in the state of Mis- 
souri by Lynchburg Adams, grandfather of him whose name initiates this 
review. Lynchburg Adams was a native Virginian, being named in honor 
of Lynchburg, that state, near which place he was born and reared. The 
Adams family is of English descent and the original progenitor in Amer- 
ica came to this country in the early Colonial epoch, settling in the Old 
Dominion commonwealth, where he and his posterity were largely iden- 
tified with auiii uliiiial piii<uits. Lynchburg Adams and his father, Ben- 
jamin Adam-. r,irl\ Inllnw^d ih,' woiward tide of immigration and were 
pioneer settlri> m .lackHni inuiiiy. .Missouri, before the first house had been 
erected in Kansas City. Lynchburg Adams' old farm, the one which he 
homesteaded as a young man, was swallowed up by tlie Missouri river many 
years ago and the spot marking his labors upon the frontier of Missouri is 
therefore obliterateci. He was a slave-owner and liis son, William C, was 
a gallant soldier of the Confederacy in Ww wiw Kriwccn the states. Lynch- 
burg Adams was a man of standing amiMii: hi- IVlhiw citizens and he at- 
tained to the venerable age of seventy years. 

William C. Adams was born in 1836 and has passed his entire life thus 
far in Jackson county, where he was bom and reared. He married Sarah 
Herd, a daughter of William Herd, likewise a native Virginian. Mrs. 
Adams was summoned to the life eternal in 1882, after having become the 
mother of the following children: Edward L., of Independence. Missouri; 
Mrs. T. C. Horan, of Dallas, Texas; Mrs. Frank Hall, of Kansas City, 
Missouri; and Dr. Charles F., of this review. For his second wife Mr. 
William C. Adams married Mrs. Fannie (Samples) Jepson, and to them 
were born the following named children: Mrs. Everett Hall, of Grain Val- 
ley. Missouri: George W., Helen, John, Ruth and Carroll. Mr. Adams is 
engaged in farming, and he is a man of prominence and influence in Jack- 
son county, Missouri. 

Charles F. Adams, the immediate subject of this review, received his 
prc'liminary educational training in the public schools of Independence 
and E.xcelsior Springs, Missouri, and subsequently he attended the Uni- 
\cisity of ;\ris.sonri. in wliich he was matriculated in 1893. He was gradu- 
ati'd in the agricultural college of that institution in the class of 1897, with 
the degree of Bachelor of Agriculture. Thereafter he passed some time 
in his old home and in 1899 he entered the Kansas City Medical College 
at assistant in histology. At the beginning of his second year with the 
last-mentioned institution he was given the chair of bacteriology in the 
dental department, which position he held until June. 1904. In the mean- 
time he had carried on his medical work and had been graduated in the 
Kansas City Medical College as a member of the class of 1902, with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. Having become especially interested in 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1257 

entomology he was induced by Dr. Williston, of the University of Kansas, 
to enter that institution, on a research scholarship, where he studied the 
subject under Dr. Snow, widely famed as an entomologist of note, whom 
he accompanied on several expeditions in the southwest. While a student 
in the University of Kansas he made many contributions to science along 
entomological lines, winning himself a Sigma Xi. He took his degree of 
Master of Arts there in 1903, and pursued graduate studies a year further. 
In 1904 he accepted an assistantship in the department of zoology in the 
University of Chicago, and during the year spent in the western metropolis 
he was a student in the graduate school, for which that institution is 
famous, and there wrote several contributions to entomology. His writings 
have given him an international reputation. 

In June, 1905, Dr. Adams went to Wood's Hole, Massachusetts, where 
he studied at the Marine Biological Laboratory, coming thence to the Uni- 
versity of Arkansas in September. He here took up work with the univer- 
sity as entomologist to the experiment station. In 1908 he was made acting 
director of the station and in 1909 was chosen dean of the agricultural col- 
lege, having charge of all the work of the latter department relating to the 
subject of agriculture. The staff comprises some twenty-five assistants, 
trained in the work, teaching, experimenting and demonstrating along 
agricultural lines, the same including live-stock inspection. This depart- 
ment of the University of Arkansas is the scientific arm of the state and is 
doing more for the commonwealth in the way of developing the natural 
resources than is any other institution. Dr. Adams is an advisory mem- 
ber of the boards of the four secondary schools of agriculture of the state, 
these institutions having been established under his regime. They are 
located at Eussellville, Jonesboro, Monticello and Magnolia. 

Dr. Adams is a member of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, the Association of Economic Entomologists, the En- 
tomological Society of America, Honorary Society of Sigma Xi, the State 
Horticultural Society and the Farmers' Union. Dr. Adams is a man of 
brilliant mind and extraordinary ability. His entire life has been devoted 
to his science to the exclusion of all else. He does not shun society, yet he 
has not sought its portals nor paid court to any of its devotees. Politically 
he is aligned as a stalwart in the ranks of the Democratic party, and while 
he has never held public office of any description he has ever been on the 
alert and enthusiastically in sympathy with all measures projected for the 
good of the state and country. Religiously he is identified with the South- 
ern Methodist church. 

William W. Fendley. One of the most faithful and efficient of tlie 
Arkansas assistants of Uncle Sam is William W. Fendley, postmaster of 
Marshall. He is also engaged in mercantile business and his fine service as 
one-time sheriff of Searcy county has by no means been forgotten. He is a 
good r-itizi'!i nnd a man of versatile ability, having for a time been an able 
and snrci's-fiil i\|iiinent of the great basic industry of agriculture. 

Mr. Fi'iiillcy is a native of Searcy county, his birth having occurred 
near Mar.shall January 21, 18G8, and he is one of those who have paid this 
favored portion of the Bear state the supreme compliment of remaining 
here throughout almost the entire course of his life, although familiar with 
other scenes. His father, John H. Fendley, resides at Campbell, Arkan- 
sas, but was born near Birmingham, Alabama, in October, 1840. and came 
to Arkansas in 1858, when a youth within several years of his majority. He 
engaged in farm work for the few years intervening until the outbreak of 
the Civil war and then enlisted in the Union army, with whose cause he 
was in sympathy. He was a member of the Third Arkansas Cavalry and 

Vol. Ill— n 



1^>.58 11IS-|'()|;V (»l' A i; KANSAS 

served in the Western department, operating against Price and other Con- 
federate forces while his regiment was in the tield. 

The elder Mr. Fendley was married in Searcy county to Xancy E. 
Wilson, a daughter of John Wilson, who settled here an immigrant from 
his son-in-law's own native state — Alabama. Mr. Wilson was a farmer 
and a soldier and met his death during the progress of the Civil war. ^Irs. 
Fendley was born in Arkansas and she became the mother of ilargaret, 
who died as the wife of E. 0. Makin; Louisa, wife of Thomas Smith, of 
Leslie, Arkansas; William W., of this review; James F., of Campbell, 
Arkansas; Arkie, who married Green Sutterfield and resides in Leslie, 
Arkansas; Thomas and C. B., resident at Campbell, Arkansas; and E. G., 
who makes his home at the same place. 

llr. Fendley, the immediate subject of this review, lived during that 
part of his boyhood included between the years 1875 and 1881 in the state 
of Oregon, whence his parents had removed in the former year. The 
charms and advantages of their former residence ever remained vivid with 
them and they returned in the year last mentioned. His educational discip- 
line was thus obtained in both the public schools of Oregon and of Arkan- 
sas, and when he reached years of discretion and independence he engaged 
in farming. He followed this vocation for more than a decade, or until 
1902, in which year he received the appointment of deputy sheriff and col- 
lector of Searcy, county and for four years served under Sheriff Bromley, 
his vigilence and indefatigability becoming renowned. In 1906 he was 
electi'd (111 (lie Kr|iublican ticket as the successor of Mr. Bromley and filled 
the s\iii.ri(ir nili((' for two years. In February, 1909, he was appointed 
postina>tri' (il Mar-hall, which, in addition to his partnership in the mer- 
cantile lirm of J. X. Bromley & Company, n.n^titutes his business and 
official connedtion with the affairs of llir nMiiiiy si-at. He is very well 
known and exceptionally popular, and diniliilcs- many years of usefulness 
in his chosen field lie before him. 

Mr. Fendley laid the foundation of a household of his own when, 
January 19, 1890, he was united in marriage to Miss Georgiana Sutter- 
field, a daughter of Nathaniel Sutterfield. Mr. Sutterfield is a farmer and 
came when young from Tennessee to this state. To the union of Mr. and 
Mrs. Fendley have been born a trio of young citizens, namely, Albert, 
Willie and Dainy. 

Mr. Fendley has several fraternal affiliations, in all of which he takes 
great pleasure. He is a past master of the Marshall Blue Lodge of Jla- 
sons, and is a member of the Indeiiciidfiit Ovdfr of Odd Fellows and of the 
Woodmen of the World. In politic- lir l;i\' - his allegiance to the "Grand 
Old Party," as it is termed by its Iricmls ami admirers. 

Shem E. Hollabaugh is one of tlio leading merchants of Marshall; 
has been conspicuously identified with the political, industrial and com- 
mercial affairs of Searcy county for many years; is one of the stanchcst 
Eepublicans in the state; and his service as an Arkansas legislator has 
placed him well on the road toward a broader leadership in public affairs. 
He is a native of that county, being born near Leslie, August 20, 1869, to 
Emanuel F. and Frances (Hatchet^ Hollabaugh. The family is of Ger- 
man lineage, although George Hollabaugh, the grandfather, was an emi- 
grant from Tennessee who settled in Wiley's Cove as early as 1840; it is 
said that his immediate American ancestors were Pennsylvanians. He mar- 
ried a Miss DePriest, who bore him the following: Catherine, who married 
J. E. Shipman ; John A., who served in the Confederate army and now 
lives in Oklahoma; Emanuel F. (father of Mr. Hollabaugh). who still re- 
sides near Leslie; Jane, wife of James Thomas, a Texan; Thomas, wlio 



HISTORY OF AKKAXSAS 1259 

was killed in the Confederate ranks during Price's famous raid ; and 
Rosanna, M-ho married a Mr. Griffin, of Leslie, Arkansas. 

Emanuel F. HoUabaugh acquired the elements of an education and 
has made the best of his opportunities through life; by persistent reading 
and thinking he has kept abreast of events and, in his person, built up an 
intelligent and sincere type of citizenship worthy of the highest commenda- 
tion. Although his people were in sympathy with the cause of the Con- 
federacy, he supported the Union cause and joined the Federal army as a 
member of the Third Arkansas Cavalry. Before the w-ar concluded, he 
had been twice wounded and once taken prisoner, and never turned aside 
to avoid a fight in defense of the cause which he believed to be right. With 
the re-establishment of peace the father resumed the work of the farm, 
and has since spent an industrious and contented life in the vicinity of 
Wiley's Cove, where he settled with his good father more than seventy years 
ago. It may be stated that his wife (nee Frances Hatchett) was the 
daughter of King Hatchett, who was a southern man and was connected by 
blood and marriage with numerous relatives who were prominent in the 
South. There were born to Mr. and Mrs. Emanuel F. HoUabaugh : Fount 
G-., of Leslie; Shem E., of this notice; Alice, widow of a Mr. Stephenson, 
of Wiley's Cove; Charles M., of Marshall, a school teacher; Dr. Andrew 
K, a member of the faculty of Vanderbilt University, Xashville, Tennes- 
see; Nellie: Myrtle, wife of John Bryant, of Wiley's Cove; Dr. C. B., of 
Leslie, and Essie, a student of the University of Arkansas. 

While coming to manhood Shem E. Hollabaugh acquired a thorough 
education in the common schools, the Marshall High School and Valley 
Springs Academy. His active independent life was begun as a teacher in 
Searcy county and he was engaged in that line for six years, four of which 
he served as county examiner. In that capacity he had virtual charge of the 
educational work of the county, making reports of the progress of the 
schools, encouraging the grading of schools wherever found possible, and 
inspiring a higher and broader spirit among the teachers than is evinced 
by the mere cashing of monthly vouchers and "keeping school." 

When ilr. Hollabaugh left the educational field he became deputy 
under Sheriff Bromley and spent a year in that office, after which he en- 
tered commercial affairs in Marshall as a member of the firm of Sooter & 
Hollabaugh. Although he has been variously identified with enterprises 
and firms he has since remained true to the world of business and its 
auxiliaries. He erected and owns the store in which he transacts his busi- 
ness and has other good property in Marshall; is also a stockholder and 
director in the Marshall Bank and is interested in fruit-growing and fann- 
ing. 

Mr. Hollabaugh's public services commenced as a member of the city 
council of Marshall when he resided within the corporate limits, were con- 
tinued on the school board when the special district was established and the 
new brick building was erected for the city, and were still further enhanced 
in value as postmaster and representative in the lower house of the legisla- 
ture. His sturdy Republicanism was recognized by the administration when 
President McKinley appointed him to the postmastership of Marshall, 
and in 1906 he resigned the office to make the race for state representative. 
He was elected and participated in the session of 1907. He was secretary 
of the good roads committee and ably agitated the subject of systematic 
improvement in the thoroughfares of the state as an aid to the business 
and happiness of the rural populace, as well as to travelers in general. He 
also urged the appropriation of additional funds for educational purposes, 
and introduced a bill in the interest of pure drugs and foods, but some of 
the measures which he advocated seemed to be in advance of public senti- 



1260 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

ment and did not become laws. In early life Mr. Hollabaugh became a Ma- 
son, and has taken all the degrees of the York rite ; has also long served in 
the Grand Lodge of the state and for seven years as deputy grand master. 
As it should be, his life has been rounded by a happy marriage and satis- 
fying domesticity. His union with Miss AUie Sanders, daughter of M. A. 
Sanders, on the 30th of August, 1896, has borne fruit in a bright family of 
children — Gladvs, Ernest, Ralph (deceased), Bessie, Zif, Wilber and 
Evert. 

George B. Mallory. The life record of George B. ilallory is an- 
other proof of the fact that in America the way to public hcmor is over the 
road of piiblic usefulncs- ami .n ti\iiy. Willi im >|ic(iii| a(l\antages in his 
youth, he entered u 1 11,1 1 In- Iuimih'-- inivcr i'iii|it\-liaiMl(M|. ;iiul Ijy sheer force 
of character, unfaltci ihl; pii-i MiiiiK r ami .aiialnlii) wnikid his way up- 
ward, long maintaining a creditable and iv~]i(iii--il,|r |i.i-itioii as a repre- 
sentative of business interests in Forrest Ciiw Si. l-raiK i- idunty, Arkan- 
sas. It was his known reliability of cliaiai ici- . omliiinMl with his loyalty 
and progressiveness in citizenship that won him the urtiee of sheriff, to 
which he was elected in 1910. 

Mr. Mallory was born in Shelby county, near the city of ilemphis, 
Tennessee, on the 25th of February, 1849, and he is a son of Edward and 
Elizabeth (Chambless) Mallory, both of whom were born and reared in the 
state of Virginia, where their respective families had long figured promi- 
nently in public affairs. The father was born near Petersburg, Virginia, 
and he immigrated to Shelby county, Tennessee, about the year 1846. In 
1850 Edward Mallory removed with his family to St. Francis count^^, Ar- 
kansas, locating at Mount Vernon, which was then the county seat but 
which has long since passed out of existence even as a town. He was a 
successful planter, slave-owner, merchant and lawyer and w-as a man of 
extensive influence in the days prior to and after the Civil war. In the 
Confederate army he was a gallant soldier in the Fifth Arkansas Regiment, 
of which he became major. Subsequently he returned home and organized 
a company and as a soldier he gained distinctive renown for vmusual brav- 
ery and faithfulness. He served two terms as judge o*f St. Francis county 
and was also a member of the state legislature. All his resources were 
practically wiped out by the depression of the war period, and although he 
did a great deal toward recuperating his broken fortunes he was sum- 
moned from the scene of ids mortal endeavors before he had been able to 
accomplish very much in that direction. His death occurred in 1868 and 
his loss was regarded as a cause for grief throughout the section in which 
he had long resided. Mrs. Mallory was summoned to the life eternal in 
1862. 

George B. Mallory was thrown upon his own resources at a very early 
age; he provided for the dependent members of his family after his father's 
death and he made a brave and commendable start in life in the face of 
almost insurmountable difficulties. There was very little money in circu- 
lation and most of the markets were closed in the in'iiiid following on the 
heels of the war; in fact, there was but little to oll'ii- a> a iiuard for earnest 
thrift and industry. These adverse circumstanci's al-n iniMMitcd bini from 
obtaining a fair education, but having a fine natural inti'lligenco he has 
ably supplemented his early discipline through reading and association with 
men of affairs. He now owns a fine plantation one mile nortli of Forrest 
City, where he reared his family and where he resided up to 1897, since 
which time he has maintained his home in Forrest City. He has had a 
long and eminently successful career as a county official. In 1896 he was 
elected clerk of St. Francis county, serving in that capacity for twelve 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1261 

years in succession. lu 1910 he was further honored by his fellow citizens 
in that he was then elected sheriff of the county. He is a very popular 
man, commanding a high place in the esteem of the community and in poli- 
tics he is aligned as a strong supporter of the principles of the Democratic 
party. He has always manifested an ardent interest in matters touching 
the general welfare and his conduct has ever been such as to redound to 
his credit. 

In the year 1873 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Mallory to Miss 
Cornelia Laughinghouse, who was born and reared in xllabama. To this 
union were born thirteen children, but of the number only three are now 
living, namely : Mrs. Claudia Buford, Mrs. Mary Taylor and Bert Mallory. 
Mr. and ilrs. Mallory are zealous members of the Methodist church and 
they are active workers in religious and charitable affairs. 

George H. Lyman. Descended from fine old New England ancestry, 
George H. Lyman is decidedly a man of influence at Fort Smith, Sebastian 
count}', Arkansas, where he has resided since 1S84 and where he is an 
official in the Lyman Real Estate Company and in the Lyman Abstract 
Company, besides which he is. also interested in many other business con- 
cerns of broad scope and importance. 

Born in Sangamon county, near Springfield, Illinois, on the 4th of 
October, 1850, Mr. Lj-man is a son of Henry Pratt and Mercy (Sanders) 
Lyman, both of whom are now deceased. Henry Pratt Lyman was a rep- 
resentative of the well known family of that name, which produced so 
many prominent figures in New England history. He was born at Willis- 
ton, Vermont, as was also his wife, and they came thence to Sangamon 
county, Illinois, in the year 1833, location being made on a farm. Mr. 
Lyman was a substantial and prosperous citizen in Illinois until his death 
which occurred in 1882. He was a stanch Union man during the strenuous 
period of the Civil war and was a close friend and associate of President 
Lincoln, who was his counsel in all legal matters. Henry P. Lyman was 
a son of Dr. John Lyman, who, when very young, removed from his birth 
place, Lebanon, New Hampshire, to Williston, Vermont. Dr. Lyman 
was a son of Abel Lyman, a native of New Hampshire and a lieutenant 
in the Continental army in the War of the Revolution. Abel Lyman was 
a direct descendant of Richard Lyman, of England, who coming to Amer- 
ica in 1631 on the good ship "Lion" with the celebrated Indian apostle 
Eliot and the Winthropes settled at Hartford, Connecticut, and became 
one of the founders of Hartford and his name is inscribed on a stone 
column in the rear of Centre Church, Hartford, erected in memory of the 
settlers of the city, while his will is the first on record. Thus was founded 
the L3'man family in this country. The genealogical history of the family 
shows a long and creditable record in England prior to the establishment 
of the American branch. Mr. and Mrs. Henry P. Lyman became the 
parents of six children, two dying in infancy, and of the number George H. 
was the sixth in order of birth. The mother passed to her reward in the 
year 1887. 

To the public schools of Sangamon county, Illinois, Mr. Lyman, of 
this review, is indebted for his early educational discipline, which was 
later effectively supplemented by a course of study in the University of 
Illinois, at Champaign, in the civil engineering department of which ex- 
cellent institution he was graduated as a member of the class of 1872. 
For twelve years after his graduation he was actively engaged in the work 
of his profession, principally in connection with the engineering depart- 
ment of various railroads — the Illinois Central, the old Cairo & Vincennes 
Railroad, the old Ohio & Mississippi Railroad and others. He first came 



V>6-> HLSTORY OF ARKANSAS 

to Arkansas in 1882, locating in the city of Little Rock. In 1884 he dis- 
continued active work as an engineer "and in that year located at Fort 
Smith, in Sebastian county, which place has since represented his home. 
He was the founder of the first abstract company in this city, in connec- 
tion with the affairs of wliich prosperous concern he has since been actively 
identified. This corporation is known as the Lyman Abstract Company, 
in which he is incumbent of the offices of secretary and treasurer. He 
was the first president of Arkansas Land Title x^ssociation. He is also 
secretary and treasurer of the Lyman Real Estate Company, another of 
the most prominent and successiful business enterprises in Fort Smith. 
He is also secretary of tlie Home Mutual Building and Loan Association 
of Fort Smith, which is one of the soundest financial institutions of the 
South. These three companies have played an important part in the 
growth and development of Sebastian county and in the business world 
their high standing is of unexcelled order. Mr. Lyman is a man of re- 
markable initiative ability, which, as combined with unusual foresight and 
indefatigable energy, is the secret of his rapid rise to a foremost position 
in large financial aifairs. 

At Champaign, Illinois, on the 16th of January, 1873, was celebrated 
tlie marriage of Mr. Lyman to Miss Emily Stewart, also a student at the 
L'niversity of Illinois, who was born at Frankfort, Ohio, and who was a 
daughter of Samuel Gillespie Stewart and Jane Robinson Evans. Mrs. 
Lyman belongs to families of great intellectual ability being a great grand- 
daughter of Lieut. Samuel Gillespie of Ulster county. New York, of 
revolutionary fame, and Esther Rainey. She has also a revolutionary rec- 
ord in her great grandfather, Hugh Archibald Stewart, who married in 
the Rosburghe-Smith family. l)nth of Philadelphia, while her grand- 
father. Col. Robert Stewart of the State Guards, who married Esther 
Gillespie, of New York, was a diplomat and landowner in Ohio, platting 
Washington Court House in 1811. He was an intimate friend of Salmon 
P. Chase during the troublous times of anti-war period. Mrs. Lyman 
blending the courage and enthusiasm of her Scotch ancestr}-, is an earn- 
est toiler in all social service effort of her adopted town. Mr. and Mrs. 
Lyman have two children, Henry Pratt Lyman, a student of the University 
of Illinois and who is now associated with his father in business at Fort 
Smith; and Georgina, a graduate of the Leland Stanford University of 
California in 1907, and now the wife of Paul Carroll Edwards, of Dallas, 
Texas. 

In his political convictions Jlr. Lyman endorses the cause of the 
Republican party and while he has never been incumbent of any political 
offices, strictly speaking, he is ever on the alert and enthusiastically in 
sympathy with all movements projected for the good of the general wel- 
fare. He has long been a prominent figure in Masonic circles in Arkansas, 
being a Knight Templar and having on several occasions served in the 
Grand lodge of the state. For eighteen years, ending January 1, 1911, 
when he resigned on account of the tax on his health, he was secretary of 
all the local bodies of Masonry. A recent honor that came to Mr. Lyman, 
unsolicited, was his selection as president of the board of commissioners 
that has charge of building the free bridge across the Arkansas river, 
between Fort Smith and Van Buren, an enterprise of great importance to 
these two cities. In their religious faith Mr. and Mrs. Lyman arc mem- 
bers of the Congregational church. As a citizen Mr. Lyman has ever given 
evidence of that loyal and public spirited interest which characterizes the 
tnily groat man and which is prolific of so much good in connection with 
all matter? touching the general welfare. He is broad-minded in thought 
and action and is ever considerate of the opinions and feelings of others. 



HISTORY OF AEKAXSAS 1263 

James Gould, wlio, retired from the bench of the county court of Jef- 
ferson county in November, 1910, is a native son of Arkansas and has 
gained precedence as one of the representative business men and public 
officials of his county. He has maintained his home at Pine Bluff, the 
county seat, for fully thirty-five years, and during twenty years of this 
period he was here actively engaged in business. He is a scion of one of 
the honored families of this section of the state and in his personal 
activities and sterling character has proved himself a worthy repre- 
sentative of the name -which he bears. 

Judge Gould was born on a farm in Bradley county, Arkan:^as, on 
the nth of April, 1856, and is a son of Judge Joshiah and Frances 
Gould, the former of whom was born in the state of Massachusetts, and 
the latter in Alabama. Judge Joshiah Gould was numbered among the 
prominent and influential citizens and representative legists and jurists 
of Arkansas, where he and his wife continued to reside until their 
death. Prior to the Civil war he had become one of the leading mem- 
bers of the bar of the state and he served with distinction on the circuit 
bench, at a time when his jurisdiction comprised about ten of the 
present counties of the state. He also served several terms as a mem- 
ber of the state senate, and he ever held the implicit confidence and high 
regard of all who knew him. He became an extensive landholder and 
slave owner prior to the war between the states, and did much to further 
the industrial development and progress of Arkansas. He was a man 
of fine intellectual and professional attainments and was the author of 
Gould's Digest, a standard law book and one that is still in use as an 
authority. Both he and his wife were residents of Bradley county, Arkan- 
sas, at the time of their death and both held membership in the Presby- 
terian church. He was one of the leaders in the councils of tlie Demo- 
cratic party in Arkansas, and as a citizen he was essentially loyal and 
IJrogressive. 

Judge James Gould was reared to the discipline of the farm and 
his early educational privileges were those afforded in the public schools 
of the locality and period. In 1875 he engaged in the general merchan- 
dise business at Pine Bluff, which was then a mere village, and here he 
continued to be actively identified with this line of enterprise for a 
period of twenty years, during which he maintained an unassailable 
reputation for fair and honorable dealings, through which he built up a 
prosperous business and gained a strong hold upon the confidence and 
esteem of the people of the community. He was reared in the faith of 
the Democratic party and has never deviated therefrom, the while he has 
been an efficient and valued worker in its local ranks. In 1903 he was 
elected sheriff of Jefferson county, an office of which he continued in 
tenure for four years, at the expiration of which, in 1906, he was given ' 
still more noteworthy evidence of popular regard, in that he was then 
elected to the bench of the county court, also becoming judge of the 
probate court, as the two offices are combined under the provisions^ the 
state constitution. At the expiration of his original terra of two years 
he was re-elected, and in the spring of 1910 he was again tendered the 
nomination, for a third term, but declined to become a candidate, though 
his nomination was tantamount to re-election. His administration of tlie 
affairs of both courts was marked by scrupulous care and fidelity and 
gained to him imequivocal commendation on the part of the people of 
the county that has so long been his home and the center of his inter- 
ests. In 1883 he was elected city treasurer, and he held this position 
for one term, of two years. Judge Gould is affiliated with the ]\rasonic 
fraternity, the Knights of Pythias, the Independent Order of Odd Follows, 



1264 HISTOEY OF ARKANSAS 

and the Fraternal Order of Eagles. In liis religious affiliation he is a 
Methodist, and his wife is a Christian Scientist. 

In the year 1878 Judge Gould was united in marriage to Miss Belle 
Holland, of Pine Bluff, and she was summoned to the life eternal in 1896. 
She is survived bj- one sou, Eoy, who is now engaged in business at Fort 
Smith, Arkansas. On the 1st of November, 1S9T, Judge Gould con- 
tracted a second marriage, having then wedded Miss Beulah Benton, 
daughter of Josiah Benton, the representative citizen of Carthage, Texas, 
and now deceased. Four children of the second union are Benton, Gal- 
braith, Francis and Jamie, all of wliom remain at the parental home. 

George "VV. Hudson, M. D. The state of Arkau.sas, with its 
recent, rapid progress and development, has attracted within its bound- 
aries men of marked ability and high character in the various profes- 
sional and industrial lines, and in this way prosperity has been con- 
served and social stability fostered. He whose name introduces this 
article has gained recognition as one of the able and successful physi- 
cians and surgeons in the state, and by his labors, his high professional 
attainments and his sterling qualities has justified the respect and 
confidence in which he is held by his co-laborers in the medical fra- 
ternity and the local public. He has been eminently successful in many 
important cases and has won prestige among those who are best able 
to judge of his ability and who recognize his close and eonscientioiis 
adherence to the ethics of the profession. 

Dr. George W. Hudson was born at Gillsville, Hall county, Georgia, 
on the 13th of May. 1844, and he is a son of John F. Hudson, whose 
birth occurred in Genrcin on the 17th of July, 1823. John F. Hudson 
married Diadi iiini.i Siinnions, likewise a native of Georgia, and to them 
were born thnc (■hildiiu.— Dr. C4eorge W., the immediate subject of 
this review; WiHiam S., who was summoned to the life enternal on the 
2nd of May, 1862, at the age of fourteen years; and Mary J., who is 
the widow of Dr. Schrock, deceased, and who resides at Abilene, Texas, 
in 1852 the Hudson family immigrated to Arkansas, location being 
made on a farm near Benton, Saline county, where the death of the 
father occurred on the 6th of January, 1859. He was a man of prom- 
inence during his life time, taking an active part in community affairs, 
and he was a valued and appreciative member of the old Little Rock 
Masonic fraternity. The mother passed away in 1891, at Camden, 
Arkansas. 

Dr. Hudson was a child of eight years of age at the time of his 
parents' removal to Arkansas, and after a good common-school educa- 
tion he entered the University of IMaryland, at Baltimore, in the medi- 
cal department of which he was graduated as a member of the class 
of 1875, duly rec.eiving his degree of Doctor of Medicine. Immediately 
after graduation he opened an office at Camden, Ouachita county, 
Arkansas, where he has been engaged in the active pi-aetice of his 
profession during the long intervening years to the present time. In 
1861, when civil war was precipitated uixm a divided nation. Dr. 
Hudson enli.sted as a soldier in Cdinpaux 11. Ninth Ai-kansas Regiment, 
the same being commanded by ('ajitain Anii.strong. He participated 
in the battle at Shiloh and in the two battles at Corinth, and on the 
retreat from Corinth he was seriou.sly wounded and received his hon- 
orable discharge from further service. He then returned to Arkansas 
and subsequently took up the study of medicine, as already noted, es- 
tablishing himself in active practice at Camden in 1875. He rapidly 
built up a large and lucrative patronage and in this city, to-day, he 



HISTOEY OF ARKANSAS 1205 

holds prestige as one of the best physicians and sui-geons and as one 
of the most prominent and loj'al business men who ever resided here. 
In connection with his life work Dr. Hudson is a valued and apprecia- 
tive member of the Ouachita County Medical Society, the Arkansas 
Medical Society and the American Medical Association. In politics 
he accords a stanch allegiance to the cause of the Democratic party, 
and in their religious faith he and his family are devout members of 
the Presbyterian church. 

In the year 1875 was recorded the marriage of Dr. Hudson to 
Miss Berenice Woodland, a daughter of Major E. N. Woodland, a 
pioneer in the state of Arkansas and a prominent official in the Con- 
federate army during the Civil war. To this union were born four 
children, all of whom grew to maturity but two of whom are now de- 
ceased, namely: Diademma and Anette. Those living are,— Berenice, 
udio is the wife of W. H. Giers, of Tjittle Rock: and Woodland, who is 
a student in the St. Louis Denial Cdll-'je. at St. Louis, Mis.souri. 
Mrs. Hiidson was summoned to ilcinal ii'sl on the 27tli of February, 
1900, and Dr. Hudson wedded :\liss Katliriine R. Bardwell, in 1902, 
a daughter of Rev. .T(is.'|)li liardHcll, I). D., a professor in the Presby- 
terian Theological ScIkihI al ( 'laiks\i!l(', Tennessee. Dr. and Mrs. Hud- 
son have one son, (irai'im' Wesley, wlio was born on the 31st of May, 
1908. The great social prominence which always comes in recognition 
of individual worth, culture and refinement has come to the Hudson 
household, which is noted for its hospitality, and it is the scene of many 
a delightful social function. 

Dr. Hudson has made for himself an enviable reputation as a 
representative of the medical profession. Well prepared for his life 
work, he at once entered upon the practice of medicine and from the 
beginning has been unusually prosperous in every respect. The suc- 
cess which he has attained is due to his own efforts aud 
merits. The possession of advantages is no guarantee whatever for 
professional advancement, which comes only through hard labor, in- 
tegrity and ability. These qualities Dr. Hudson possesses to an eminent 
degree and it may be said of him that throughout his life whatever 
his hand finds to do. whether in professional or in private life, he 
does with all his might and with a deep sense of conscientious obliga- 
tion. 

Captain Bert R. Oastler, now serving as captain quartermaster 
of the Second Regiment of the Arkansas National Guard, is one of the 
strong and honored residents of Arkadelphia. It is a well attested 
maxim that the greatness of a state lies not in its machinery of govern- 
ment, nor even in its institutions, biit in the sterling qualities of its 
individual citizens,— in their capacity for high and unselfish effort 
and their devotion to the public good. The record of Captain Oastler 
is one which confers honor and dignity upon society, becau.se it has 
been characterized by excellent use of his native talents and powers 
and by straightforward relations between himself and his fellow men. 
He has maintained his home in Arkansas since 1894, and during the 
long intervening years to the present time has devoted the nia.jor poi-- 
tion to attention to the cotton business. 

A native of the state of Illinois, Captain Oastler was Imrn in the 
western metropolis, Chicago, the date of his nativity being the 10th of 
April, 1878. He is a son of Thomas and Kate (Sheridan) Oastler, 
the former of whom was born at England, and the latter of whom 
claimed Ireland as the place of her nativity. In the excellent public 



ViG6 HISTOEY OF AKKANSAS 

schools of his native city Captain Oastler received his elementary edu- 
cation. In 1894 he came to Arkansas, locating at Hope, in Hempstead 
county,' whei'o he resided for the ensuing eight years. In 1908 he es- 
tablished his home at Arkadelphia, where he has since resided and 
w here he is identified with the great cotton interests of this section 
of the state. In connection with his business he represents the Lesser- 
Goldman Cotton Company, of St. Louis, one of the largest cotton firms 
in the world and the pioneer cotton company to do business in Arkan- 
sas, in which state it originated. Captain Oastler is a business man of 
marked executive abilitj' and he is decidedly a hustler, liis energy and 
determination to forge ahead having won for him a distinguished posi- 
tion in the business world of this section of the state. He is best 
known, however, as an officer in the Arkansas National Guard, with 
which he has been connected since its re-organization in 1900. He is 
captain quartermaster of the Second Regiment and is recognized as 
one of the most efficient officers in the entire National Guard. 

At Prescott. Arkansas, in the year 1900, was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Captain Oastler to Miss Pearl L. Bryan, who was born and 
reared at Prescott, and who is a daughter of Thomas L. Bryan, a rep- 
resentative and influential citizen of that place. Captain and Mrs. 
Oastler are the fond parents of one son, Thomas AV. Oastler, whosa 
Inrth occurred on the 19th of August, 1902. 

Politically, while he is not an office seeker. Captain Oastler ac- 
cords an uncompromising allegiance to the principles and policies of 
the Republican party and in all matters affecting the well being of the 
community in which he resides he is essentially loyal and public- 
spirited, doing his utmost to further progress and development. He is 
a member of the Republican State Committee and chairman of his 
County Committee for the past four years. He is prominent in the 
circles of the lodge of the Knights of Pythias in Arkansas, being a 
member of the Grand Lodge of the state. He is also gi-eat keeper of 
wampum of Arkansas and past for the great sachem for the Improved 
Order of Red Men. Captain Oa.stler is jiopulnr among all clas.ses and 
conditions of men, and no one oonunands a liigher degree of public 
confidence and regard than does he. 

Allan Kennedy, inspector-general of the Arkansas National 
Guard, with the rank of brigadier general, is one of the most prominent 
and widely Imown fire insurance men in the South and Southwest. 
He enjoys additional distinction as the founder of the Illustrious and 
Benevolent Order of the Gra>- Goose, which was organized for the 
benefit of local fire insurance agents and has subordinate organizations 
in other states. 

A son of Milton V. and Julia (Williams) Keimedy, he was born 
at Memphis, Tennessee. His father was born in IMissouri, his mother 
in Tennessee. The latter was descended from Revolutionary ancestry, 
having been a great-granddaughter of Colonel Nicholas Long, who 
commanded North Carolina troops in the war for independence. She 
passed away some years ago. For many years IMilton P. Kennedy 
ha.s been in the cotton business. He removed his family and his head- 
(luarters to Fort Smith in 1881. 

Allan Kennedy gained his education in the schools of Foi-t Smith. 
At twenty-one he embarked in the fire insurance business. Ilis ei:ter- 
pi'ise is conducted r.ndci- the firm name of Kennedy & Albers. and is a 
local auoncy for a number of the larsest and strongest fire insurance 
companies in the world. His years of experience in this line has made 



HI8T0EY OF AEKANSAS V'n: 

him widely kuowu as an expert in tire insurance. He wa« one of the 
organizers and was the first president, in 1900, of the Arkansas Asso- 
ciation of Local Fire Insurance Agents, and has since been three times 
elected to the same office in the organization. He is also well known 
as a member of the National Association of Local Fire Insurance Agents 
and has long taken a leading part in representing fire insurance in- 
terests before the Arkansas legislature and in proposing and promot- 
ing legislation for the benefit and protection of such interests. In 
1907 he promoted and built the Kennedy Building on South Sixth 
street, in the business center of the city, the first exclusive office struc- 
ture in Fort Smith and one that compares very favorably with some 
more pretentious ones in other cities. 

In the best sense of the term Mr. Kennedy is a man of public 
spirit, ever alive to the interests of Fort Smith, ever ready to assist 
to the extent of hi.s ability any movement which in his judgment 
promises to enhance the weal of any considerable number of its citizens. 

PitoFESsoR Adams Alexandeb Henderson. The name placed at the 
head of this sketch represents one of the oldest families of Independ- 
ence county, the forefathers on both sides of the house coming to this 
region when it was in its virgin wildness, the settlement of the Hender- 
son family on the White river haviii> licm (ine of the historical events 
of territorial days. The pioneer an.cstdi-, who came of Colonial stock, 
was William Henderson, the great uraiuUiitiuT of Professor Hender- 
son. This brave frontiersman came here in 1817, locating just south of 
Newark, in the valley, where he subsequently devoted his time to ag- 
riculture, living there until hi.s death, which oceiirred just about the 
time Arkansas assumed the garb of statehood. His children were as 
follows: Adams, the Professor's grandfather; Joseph; Jacob; Micajah; 
Noah ; Mack ; Jemima, who married a Mr. Tomlinson ; and Telitha, who 
became the wife of Urban E. Fort, an early sheriff of Independence 
county. 

Adams Henderson was born in 1804 in Tennessee, and was brought 
up in the White river valley, sotith of Newark. Continuing in the 
ancestral occupation, he was life-long farmer and a resident of Inde- 
pendence county until his death, in 1860. To him and his wife, whose 
maiden name was Kebecca Leggett, thirteen children were born, name- 
ly : James : Jerry ; Beane ; Joseph : Urban ; IMack ; John ; Thomas ; 
Elizabeth, who married first George D. Duff and married second a Mr. 
Locke; Jane died unmarried; Mary married Samuel Clark; Telitha was 
the wife of Robert Pectol ; and Nancy married Bud Clark. 

James B. Hender.son, the father of Professor Henderson, was born 
in the big bottom adjacent to Newark, in December, 1832, being the 
oldest child of the parental household. He received educational ad- 
vantages far exceeding those of the average farmer boys of pioneer 
days, having acquired when young a liberal knowledge of the text books 
then in use fitting him for a professional career. He began his active 
career as a teacher, and followed it for many years, even after serving 
in the Civil war. Although his brothers and his father were stanch 
adherents of the Union, James B. Henderson's sympathies were en- 
tirely with the South, and during the first year of the Civil war he 
joined the Confederate army. His regiment, under the command of 
General McCrea. participated in all the important engagements of tlie 
Trans-Mississippi department and was at the front in the battle of 
Shiloh. He served in the army four years, durinf;- whii-li lime he was 
neither wounded nor taken pri.soner.. 



1268 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

Returning home at the end of the war, James B. Henderson re- 
sumed his former vocation of teaching, which had not then re'ached the 
dignity of a profession, and during much of his after life was engaged 
in pastoral work, being an ordained minister of the Christian church 
and supplying, mainly, local pulpits. He also became a land owner, 
and was engaged to some extent in tilling the soil, living on his farm 
until death, in April, 1906. He was a Democrat in politics, but, with 
the exception of serving one term as deputy sheriff under Sheriff Fort, 
held no public office. 

James B. Henderson married Frances Clark, who was born in 
Tennessee and came to Arkansas with her father, Alexander Clark. 
She belonged to a family noted in the early history of the United 
States, her great-grandfather Clark having been a brother of General 
George Rogers Clark, the Revolutionary hero, and the lineal descend- 
ant of one of two brothers named Rogei-s who came to the United 
States with William Penu, in 1683, and helped found the city of 
Philadelphia. She died in 1860, leaving one child, Adams Alexander, 
the special subject of this biogi-aphical record. Rev. ]\Ir. Henderson 
subsequently mari'ied for his second wife Alcej- Barber, who bore him 
seven children, namely : ^lartha, deceased, was the wife of Robert 
Clark; Joseph, of Wrenton, Arkansas; Thomas, of Newark; and Will- 
iam, Talitha, James and Edwin, dying when young. 

Gaining a good knowledge of farming while young. Adams Alex- 
ander Henderson likewise gleaned a practical education in the common 
schools, and sometime before attaining his majority began teaching 
in the rural schools of his neighborhood. He was born on the home 
farm near Newark, jMarch 10, 1858, and first took his place at the 
teacher's desk in 1875. He taught sevei-al terms, in the meantime at- 
tending Arkansas College, in Batcsville, as time and means allowed, in 
1886 being graduated from that institution. Continuing his profes- 
sional labors until 1903, he taught in Newark and vicinity, resigning 
the work when principal of the Newark Public School. While a 
teacher, Professcu' Henderson served for two years as county examiner, 
an office which has the supervision of the educational work of the 
county, and requires a thorough understanding of the educational 
methods in vogue. 

Resigning from the school-room, the Professor became a dealer 
in real estate, and has since varied his interests according to the de- 
mands of his business, taking advantage of all offered opportunities 
for extending and enlarging his financial operations. For a while 
he was cashier of the jNIerchants and Planters' Bank of Newark, and 
was a member of the mercantile firm of Henderson & Hawthorn, 
dealers in hardware and furniture. Since the dissolution of that firm, 
on January 1, 1911, the Professor has devoted himself to his real estate 
business, and to his duties as notary public. He has made investments 
of value in Newark property, some of M-hich he has improved, his deal- 
ings in Newark land being quite extensive. A Democrat in his political 
affiliations, he has never sought office, but twioe was elected county 
surveyor, simply on his ability to fill the position, not because of any 
contest on his part. 

Professoi- Henderson married, April 14, 1881. ^Maggie E. Brown, 
a daiighter of Samuel and Elizabeth Brown, who came from Illinois 
to Arkansas in 1877. Gracie, the only child of Professor and Mrs. 
Henderson, is the wife of Jesse B. Brown, of Saint Petersburg, Florida. 
Mr. Brown, who is a most competent and skillful civil engineer, was for 



HISTOIJY OF ARKANSAS 12G9 

several years engaged upon the engineering work of the Panama Canal, 
leaving the position in 1910. 

WnxiAM H. iliLLER, of ilountain View, is an adequate representa- 
tive of the legal fraternity in the affairs of Stone county and has 
passed a quarter of a century of his life within the limits of the state. 
He left his native state, Illinois, in 1878, and established himself in 
Marion county. Kansas, where he pa.ssed eight years as a farmer. He 
was not native to the agricultural industry, for his father had been a 
brick manufacturer at ]\lecIi;iiiic.slMi!L;. Illinois, and he had learned 
that trade himself. It may li:i\c licm thi-migh the influences of heredity 
that he was inclined to tln' mcit basic industry for his grandfather. 
Michael Miller, lived and died a farmer. 

After eight years of .strenuous activity on a Kansas farm 'Sir. 
Miller decided to migrate southward and lie located, in 1886, at Heber, 
Arkansas. For some time lir lias fcisti'fcil a 'ji-nwinu' ainliilion to enter 
the legal pi'ofession and wlnic a1 ll.-lur In' li.-an the slmlies destined 
to prepare him for that distiimuisliiMl calling. His studies were prose- 
cuted under the enlightened tutelage of J. P. Wood and his adnii-ssion 
to the bar occurred in the year 1888. He had the honor to begin his 
professional career with his former preceptor as partner. This career 
began with a suit in replevin, a subject rather complex for a novice 
in the law, and following that he engaged in the prosecution of a man 
charged with murder, in the capacity of assistant to the state. His 
success as a practitioner and his rectitude as a citizen, combined with 
high regard for the ethics of his profession, conspired to advance him 
steadily and he soon attained to enviable standing in Cleburne county 
as a barrister. 

In 1894 Mr. Miller removed to Stone county and took up his resi- 
dence in the county seat. Here he has followed a genei-al career alone, 
his professional preferences being for the field of real estate law or land 
litigation, the making of abstracts and the litigation of titles. 

Mr. Miller is a son of Henry A. Miller, who died at "VVestfield, 
Illinois, February 6, 1911, at the age of eighty -six years. The family 
was founded in Sangamon county, Illinois, in 1843, by Michael ]Miller, 
a German, who left South Carolina in 1835, spent some eight years 
in Hardin county, Kentucky, and then settled in Mechanicsburg, Illi- 
nois. In that state he journeyed on to the "Undiscovered country," the 
father of a family of children. Henry A. Miller, the father, was 
born April 2, 1825, and passed his active years as a brick manufac- 
turer at Mechanicsburg. His finst wife was Nancy J. Mason, who died 
in February, 1855, the mother of the following children: Sarah, wife 
of William Bullock, of Roby, Illinois; Elizabeth, who married Rev. E. 
E. Robbins and resides in Westfield, Illinois: and William H. of this 
review. Mary Martin became the second wife of Henry A. ^Miller, and 
the three children of this union were Dora, wife of a Mr. Kitchen, of 
Mechanicsburg; Horace S., who died leaving a family in Springfield. 
Illinois; and Florence, who passed away without issue. 

Mr. Miller was born June 1, 1854, and received his education in 
the academy of the town in which he was reared. He was married early 
in his career, becoming a member of the Benedicts in Hannibal, Mis- 
souri, October 9, 1873, his chosen lady being Miss Martha Belle Ma.son, 
a native of Springfield, Illinois. 

The polities of Mr. Miller are Democratic. He has been active in his 
party as layman, with no idea of personal adv^ancement. and he has 
also taken a modest part in local campaign work. He gave "a taste 



1270 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

of his quality" in the capacity of mayor of Mountain View, bringing: 
about several much needed reforms. He is identified with several of the 
business enterprises of his community, notably as a stockholder of the 
Stone County Bank; the Stone County ^Mercantile Company at Moun- 
tain View, the Mountain View Telephone Company; and the Stone 
County Live Stock and Improvement Association. He is also one of 
the directors of the Stone County Bank, which was foimded in 1901, 
has a capital of ten thousand dollars and is officered by manj' of the 
strong and successful business men of Mountain View. 

Joseph I. Porter. Everywhere in this glorioiis land of opportunity 
are found men who have worked their way from humble and lowly be- 
ginnings to places of Ii-.-idcisliip. .ind of this class Joseph I. Porter is 
a prominent and gi'atif\iii- 1 1 |>r scntative. The part he has played 
in the development of tlic iiidustrial life npon which this part of Ar- 
kansas so 'jrcitly depends for her coming prosperity has been of re- 
markable v.;liie i\]\i\ from every aspect he is a good citizen. This well 
known and ecneiiilly esteemed citizen of Stuttgart was born in j\Iarion 
county, ^Missouri, Februar.y 9, 1848. His father's name was Joseph C. 
Porter, and the maiden name of his mother was Mary Ann E. Jlarshall, 
the father a native of Kentucky and the mother of A'^irginia. The 
father enlisted at the beginning of the Civil war in the service of the 
Confederate army, rose to the rank of brigadier general under General 
]\Iarma(lidce, was wounded at the battle of Hartsville, ^Missouri, in Feb- 
ruary, 18(1:^ and died and was buried at ]\IeGuire"s, Arkansas, on 
March 23. 

Thus deprived of their natural protector, the fortunes of tlie family 
were at low ebb. In 1866 Joseph I., who was the eldest of the children, 
a youth of about eighteen, brought his widowed mother and his brothers 
and sisters, five in number, to Arkansas county, Arkansas, and on the 
prairie, about ten miles from Stuttgart, they took up their residence. 
The support of the family fell upon the young shoulders of the subject, 
but the same brave and dauntless spirit which has characterized his 
subsequent dealings was evident in that crisis. They conducted agri- 
cultural pi-oceedings and the cattle .business for about twenty-six years, 
and followed it successfully until 1893. Ever alert and energetic, Mr. 
Porter, in 1886, added to the agricultural and cattle interests which 
already engrossed him, operations in the lumber business, his headquar- 
ters being situated at Stuttgart, and for the sake of convenience he 
removed to this city in the year 1892. For the first three years in which 
he was identified with Arkansas lumber he was in partnership with W. 
W. and C. W. Snell. In 1889 he purchased Mr. Snell's interest and in 
1900 organized the J. I. Porter Lumber Company, of which he was 
president. This business has been continued in increased scope and 
importance up to the present time. At the present day his oiifices and 
interests include the above-named office; the presidency of the J. I. 
Porter Lumber Company at Risen, Cleveland county, Arkansas; a 
directoi'ship in the Stuttgart Rice Mill Company, and the vice presi- 
dency of the German-American Bank. 

Politically he is a stanch advocate of the men and measures of the 
Democratic party. 

Mr. Porter laid the foundations of a happy and congenial married 
life when, on the 20th day of September, 1882, he was united with Miss 
Maggie E. Johnson, of Arkansas county, a daughter of S. S. Johnson, 
of Arkansas eountv, Arkansas. Their union was blessed by the birth 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 12:i 

of four children, two daughters surviving: Marj% who became the wife 
of R. E. John, of Stuttgart, Arkansas, and Joanna D. 

Mr. Pox-ter's mother, the widow of Brigadier General Porter, sur- 
vived until March, 1872. 

William A. Rutherford, of Batesville, Independence county, 
Arkansas, is one of the most prominent and extensive farmers in the 
state and he has achieved, through the route of agriculture alone, a 
remarkable and gratifying success. As a family of planters the Ruther- 
fords need no encomium. For a half century this thrifty family has 
exercised its powers with the soil of Arkansas and thus demonstrated 
a genius for reaching positive results which have proved eminently 
worthy of emulation. 

A native son of Independence county, Arkansas, AVilliani A. 
Rutherford was born on the 3rd of March, 1871. His native heath is 
six miles south of Batesville, in which vicinity his father settled on his 
arrival in the state, in 1849. There Colonel James Rutherford started 
life upon a quarter section of land, which his personal efforts have ex- 
panded into a broad domain with hundreds of acres under cultivation. 
Colonel Rutherford was born at Rutherfordton, Rutherford county, 
North Carolina, the date of his nativity being the 7th of July, 1825. 
He is a relative of that Rutherford of Revolutionary fame in whose 
honor the North Cai-olina county was named. Walter B. Rutherford, 
father of the Colonel, was born in Edinburg, Scotland, a son of Alex- 
ander Rutherford, one of the leading barristers of Edinburg. Walter 
B. Rutherford came to the United States at the age of twenty-five 
years, and he married Miss Sarah Tyre, a Georgia lady, who died in 
1870, five years later than her husband. In 1850 this venerable couple 
followed their son, Colonel James, to Arkansas, passing the residue of 
their lives in Independence county. Mr. Rutherford was a man of 
vigorous mentality, immovable in his convictions and he was a man of 
much influence among the ante-bellum people of Batesville and that 
vicinity. His children were: Catherine, who is the wife of a ^Ir. 
Muri-ay; Isabel, who died as Mrs. J. W. Wallace; Alexander; Walter; 
James ; William ; Mary A., who became Mrs. Montgomery ; Amelia ; and 
George. 

Colonel James Rutherford early exerted a commanding influence 
among his new neighbors in Arkansas, and in 1850 he was elected .justice 
of the peace of his precinct. His education, efifieetively supplemented 
by extensive reading and investigation, proved sufficient to grapple 
successfully with any question of public interest affecting his eommon- 
Mealth and his ability to expound political doctrines recommended him 
for positions of trust and honor among his fellow men. When the 
Rebellion arose from the chaotic situation of the decade prior to its 
outbreak, Colonel Rutlirifdid joined the forces of those favoring seces- 
sion and in the ensuing cniiiii.nLiii was a stalwart Confederate soldier. 
At the time of the incc|)liiiii nf the war he became lieutenant in Cap- 
tain Dyer's company of State ;\Iilitia, this company becoming a part 
of the Seventh Arkansas Infantry when mustered into the Confederate 
service. At the battle of Shiloh the lieutenant colonel was killed and 
Colonel Rutherford was promoted to take his place, remaining incum- 
bent of that position in the army until August. 1862. when he resigned 
and returned home. Subsequently he was appointed provost marshal 
of Batesville and after serving for a few months in that capacity lu' 
was made eni'olling officer for the reiiiaiiuler of the war. 



Urz HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

Colonel Rutherford was originally aligned as an oldline Whig in 
his political adhereney and later he transferred his allegiance to the 
Democratic party, in the local councils of which organization he has 
been an active and zealous factor. He was a delegate from Independ- 
ence county to the state constitutional convention of 1874 and was 
largely influential in drawing up the present constitution of the state. 
In 1879 he was elected a member of the state Senate, in which he served 
with efficiency on the financial committee. During his tenui-e of the 
office of senator he was also appointed a member of a special committee 
formed for the drafting of a revenue bill, which he reported to the 
Senate. This bill passed both branches of the legislature, but met with 
the displeasure of the governor, who vetoed it. 

On the 12th of November, 1862, was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Colonel Rutherford to Miss Maria L. Hynson, a 
daughter of Henry Hynson, a prominent merchant at IBatesville. 
The children born to this union ai-e,— George L., of Green\alle, 
Texas; James B., who died unmarried; William A., the im- 
mediate subject of this review; Medford M., of Independence 
county, Arkansas; May B., who is the wife of Edgar H. Glenn, of 
Batesville; and Sophia A., who passed away unmarried. With his 
wife Colonel Rutherford resides six miles south of Batesville. 

To the public schools of his native place William A. Rutherford, 
of this review, is indebted for his preliminary educational training, 
and subsequently he pursued a course of study in Arkansas College, 
at Batesville, also attending a commercial college in the city of Little 
Rock. He assumed the active responsibilities of life as a farmer on a 
tract of land set off for him by his father, and he has had a remark- 
able and rather spectacular career in the field of agriculture. With- 
out attempting to pai-ticularize in regard to his achievements, his at- 
tention has been devoted largely to the raising of corn, cotton and al- 
falfa, with such success as to make him a "land baron" of the state. 
More than three thousand acres of arable land along the Arkansas and 
"VMiite river bottoms respond to his magic touch and a still greater 
area of land stands in his name in Independence and Jefferson coun- 
ties. His plantations— for they are nothing short of what that term 
implies— provide homes for more than one hundred and twenty-five 
families and pro\ade labor for some six hundred people. His cotton 
crop, in bales, comes to him by the hundreds, his alfalfa mounts into 
the hundreds of tons, and thousands of bushels of corn are harvested 
from the productive valleys in which his interests are centered. Yet 
notwithstanding his princely domain and the multifarious details to be 
mastered in connection with its successful operation, Mr. Rutherford 
is an expansionist. Although he is a busy man, he still has capacity 
for more work and he reaches out for more land from year to year. 
He has but few other investments and they are confined to stock in 
the First National Bank and the Union Bank & Trust Comiiany, of 
Batesville, in each of which he is a member of the board of directors. 

In May, 1896, Mr. Rutherford was united, in marriage to Miss 
Henrietta Martin, a daughter of J. A. Martin, a resident of Jackson 
county, this state. The children of this union are,— Lou Alice, James 
and William A., Jr. In 1903 Mr. Rutherford removed with lii.s family 
to the city of Batesville, in order to be near the excellent school facili- 
ties offered in this place. He is the owner of one of the city's most 
commodious homes, the same being located on North Main street. 
Here his family is comfortably domiciled and this attractive residence 
is generally renowned as a center of gracious refinement and liberal 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1373 

li()s{)itality. ilrs. Rutherford is a woman of rare charm aud many ae- 
coiiiiilishmeuts and she presides witli special dignity over the affairs of 
thr huusehold. 

While never an aspirant for public office of any description, Mr. 
Rutherford is a stanch advocate of the principles and policies promul- 
gated bj- the Democratic party and he gives freely of his aid and in- 
fluence in support of all projects advanced for the good of the general 
welfare. He is a man of broad mind and versatile ability and in his 
extensive business operations he is widely known for his strict adher- 
ence to principle, his generosity as an employer and his fair and 
lionurable methods. He is affiliated with various fraternal and social 
organizations of representative character and his wife is a member of 
the Presbyterian church, in the different departments of whose work 
she is most zealous. No citizen in Batesville commands a higher de- 
gree of popular confidence and esteem than does Mr. Rutherford, whose 
contribiition to progress and development has ever been of the most in- 
sistent order. 

\YiLLiAii J. Locke, president of the Keo Shingle Company, one 
of the most important plants of its kind in the state, and standing in 
the same high capacity with reference to the England & Clear Lake 
Railroad Company, is a citizen of immense value to his particular 
section of the state. To men such as he, possessing unbounded enter- 
prise and executive ability and public spirit to correspond, is due in 
great part the remarkable growth and improvement experienced by 
the state in the past several years. In him the Scotch-Irish amalgama- 
tion, which has given to America some of her greatest men, appears, 
and here, as in other cases, its strength is apparent. By the circum- 
stance of birth Mr. Locke is a Canadian, his eyes having first opened to 
the light of day on the 2Sth day of September, 1858. His father, W. 
H. Locke, was of Irish ancestry, and his mother, as was indicated by 
her maiden name of Campbell, was Scotch. When a child his parents 
removed from Ontario to Bay City, Michigan, and there he was reared 
and educated. He was introduced to the lumber business in early 
youth and knows it in all its details from the ground up. In 1878. 
"when about twenty years of age, he made a radical change by setting 
out to make his own fortunes, and he, in company with George Van 
Etten, made the .iourney from Michigan to Arkansas. His first work 
was as a laborer in lumber mills in this vicinity, and proving faithful 
and eifieient in small things he was given more and more to do. In 
1891 he formed a partnership with E. N. Bixby, with whom he operated 
a mill on contract work for the Phoenix Lumber Company, at Sherrill. 
in Jefferson county. In 1894 he and Mr. Bixby organized the Shingle 
Company in Lonoke county and they operated a shingle and lumber 
manufacturing business at Keo for two years. About 1897 they re- 
moved to England, Lonoke county, where they engaged in the mercan- 
tile business, and soon thereafter they re-established the Keo Company 
at what is now known as Lockesville (often called Locke's Mill), which 
is situated five and one-half miles west of England, in Lonoke county. 
The mill has been conducted there with uninterrupted success since 
that time, and is one of the important lumber and shingle manufactur- 
ing plants of the state. The Keo Shingle Company is an incorpora- 
tion, of which Mr. Locke is president and Mr. Bixby vice-president. 
The company, in addition to its timber lands, controls about three 
thousand acres of rich agricultural land in the Plum Bayou disti'iet 
of Lonoke county and carries on a general cotton planting business. The 

Vol. Ill— 12 



1574: HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

companj- also maintains a general store at Lockesville that carries an 
average stock of about ten thousand dollars' value. 

Mr. Locke, linding the need of better railroad facilities a crying 
one, in 1905 built a line of railroad from England to the plant at 
Lockesville. In 1910 this road was extended west four and one-half 
miles to Laster's Lauding, on the Arkansas river, making a total of ten 
miles. Of this road, which is known as the England & Clear Lake 
Railroad, ]\Ir. Locke is president and ]Mr. Bixby vice-president. Al- 
though projected and built as a lumber road, it is now developing into 
a commercial railroad and will in time become such. It is a standard 
gauge line and traverses a rich section of Lonoke county. 

Mr. Locke has for many years called England his home, although 
he has a residence at Lockesville, Rural Route No. 1. For six years he 
gave public service of high character to England in the capacity of 
postmaster, and he is one of the directors of the Plum Baj'ou Levee 
District. One of Mr. Locke's wannest interests is his Masonic affilia- 
tion, and he is a Thirty-second degree, Scottish Rite Alason and one of 
the most prominent figures of the state therein. He is also a Shriner. 
His personal ideals include the moral and social justice and brotherly 
love which since fable-environed ages have been the fundamentals of 
this organization, and, like all good Masons, as well as all good Ameri- 
cans, believes every man as good as his neighbor as long as he acquits 
himself properly. Merit alone counts and the "rank is but the guinea's 
stamp."- 

On the 9th day -of ]\fay, 1890, Mr. Locke established a happy home 
life by his marriage to Miss Sarah Shelton, who was born in Ohio. 
They have one daughter, Mabel, now Mrs. High. They are identified 
with the best social life of their community and enjoy popularity in a 
wide circle of friends. 

Hon. Webb Covington is one of the most conspicuous figures in 
the history of jurisprudence in Johnson county, Arkansas, having gained 
distinctive preferment at the bar of this section of the state. He en- 
tered \ipon practice in 1898 and his success came soon, for his equip- 
ments were unusually good, he having been a close and earnest student 
of the fundamental principles of law. Nature has endowed him with 
a strong mentality and he has developed that persistent energy and 
close application without which there is no success. His advance- 
ment has been continuous and commendable and to-day he is recog- 
nized as one of the leaders of his chosen profession at Clarksville, 
where he has long resided. He makes a specialty of criminal law and 
in that connection has been instrumental in .securing justice in a num- 
ber of specially difficult cases. At the present time, in 1911, he is a 
member of the state Senate and as such is doing good work on a num- 
ber of important committees to which he has been appointed. 

A native of the state of Georgia, Webb Covington was born in 
Dawson county in 1873. He was reared to adult age in his native 
place, to the public schools of which he is indebted for his elementary 
educational t^-aining. After attaining to years of maturity he studied 
law at Cartersville. Georgia, where he was admitted to the bar in 1890. 
In that year he came to Arkansas, locating at Cabin Creek, in John- 
son coiinty. He did not inunediately inaugurate the active practice of 
his profession but was engaged in other occupations until 1898, in which 
year he opened law offices in Johnson county. Soon after this event 
he removed to Clarksville, the judicial center of Johnson county, where 
he has .since maintained his home and business headquarters. In the 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1275 

work of his profession he is associated with Colonel Jordan E. Cravens, 
under the firm name of Cravens & Covington. 

While Mr. Covington's practice is varied and of a general nature, 
extending to all the courts, he is perhaps best known as a criminal 
lawyer, in which branch he seems to be gifted with exceptional efficiency 
and in which he has been notably successful in winning the cases en- 
trusted to his care. He has been engaged on one side or the other of 
nearly every important criminal ease brought up in the western sec- 
tion of Arkansas. The following ease is cited to show his method "of 
procedure: "In February, 1902, a particularly desperate gang of 
criminals, known as the Dunn gang and composed of the leader, John 
P. Dunn, George Durham, Fred Underwood and Joe Clark (known as 
'Smiler Joe'), in resisting capture by Sheritf John H. Powers killed 
the sheriff and escaped. Mr. Covington was engaged on the case and 
for seven months, associated with the succeeding sheriff, he gathered 
evidence against the gang and effected their capture, with the excep- 
tion of the leader, John P. Dunn, who escaped. The other three were 
l)rought to trial and in their prosecution Mr. Covington succeeded in 
having Durham and Underwood hanged and 'Smiler Joe' sent to the 
penitentiary for twenty-one years." 

In 1903 Mr. Covington was elected a member of the state Senate 
to represent the Fourth senatorial district, comprised of Johnson and 
Pope counties. He served with the utmost efficiency in that capacity 
for a term of four years and in the 1905 session of the Senate was 
elected and served as president of that august body. In the 1903 ses- 
sion he figured prominently in much important legislation; he was the 
author of and had passed the law creating chancery courts in Arkansas 
and forming the state into chancery districts. In 1910 he was again 
elected to membership in the state Senate and in the session beginning 
in January, 1911, he again took a leading part in important legisla- 
tion. He was the author of the bill, which passed the Senate, authoriz- 
ing the collection of back taxes from insurance companies doing busi- 
ness in the state; was also the author of the bill, which likewise passed 
the Senate, increasing the rate of taxation on insurance companies. He 
introduced and was instrumental in the passage of a bill prohibiting 
discrimination in transmission of news by telegraph and telephone com- 
panies and fixing penalties for violation of the act; and he also intro- 
duced a bill, which passed the Senate, for regulating freight rates be- 
tween points in Arkansas on continuous mileage basis. From the fore- 
going it is perfectly apparent that Mr. Covington is possessed of loyalty 
and public spirit of the most insistent order in connection with all mat- 
ters projected for the furthering of progress and improvement in 
Arkansas. He is a citizen whose every effort is exerted in behalf of 
good government and as a business man he is square and honorable in 
all his dealings. 

Mr. Covington married Miss Maggie Hamilton, and this union has 
been prolific of two children.— Maxie and Vivian. Mr. and Mrs. 
Covington are popular and prominent in connection with all the best 
social activities of their home community. 

Louis Josephs. Prominent among the leading cili/.ens of Tex- 
arkana is Louis Josephs, a prominent lawyer who is well known through- 
out Miller county for his philanthrojuc labors while serving as grand 
master of the Grand Lodge of Arkansas. I. 0. 0. F. A native of the 
German Empire, he was born February 14, 1874, in the province of 
Koenigsberg, east Prussia, v>'here he spent the first twelve years of his 



i-r.r, IIISTOHY OF ARKAXSAS 

life and obtained his preliminary education. In 1886 he accompanied 
his parents to Dublin, Ireland, where he attended an English school 
for two years, and aftei'ward assisted to some extent in maintaining 
the family, working day time.s and attending school at night. In 1891 
his parents immigrated to the United States and located at Chattanooga, 
Tennessee, where they have since resided. 

Following his parents to America in 1892. Louis Jo.sephs joined 
them in Chattanooga. Enlisting in the United States Army in Feb- 
ruary, 1894, he served faithfully for three years, receiving deserved 
promotion and winning an excellent record for efficiency as a soldier. 
Being honorably dischargetl in 1897, Jlr. Josephs lived for a number 
of years in Atlanta, Georgia, where, on Augu.st 24, 1897, he was united 
iu marriage with Miss Annie Schiff. ("luniiiL; from there to South- 
western Arkansas in May, 1901. he locMtnl :ii W Hithrop, Little River 
county, and was there engaged in mercaiitilr puisuits for eight years. 

While at Winthrop Mr. Josephs took up the study of law, and 
later entered the law department of the University of Arkansas, from 
which he was graduated with the class of 1908. He was admitted to 
practice in the State Supreme Court at the same time, but did not 
engage in practice seriously, however, luitil 1909, when he settled in 
Texarkana and opened olifices in the State National Bank building. 

A devoted and enthusia.stic member of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. Mr. Josephs has passed through the various chairs of 
the local and grand lodges, and in 1909 was honored by the Grand 
Lodge of Arkansas in annual session at Hot Springs by being unani- 
mously elected grand master of the Grand Lodge, in which capacity 
he served the customary term of one year. During that year ilr. 
Josephs, who has unselfishly given much of his time, without com- 
pensation, to the philanthropic work of the Odd Fellows, practicall.v 
gave up his professional and business interests in order to devote his 
attention to this work, a praiseworthy action, in conunendation of 
which too much cannot be said. At the Grand Lodge session of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows held at Ft. Smith in October, 1910, 
he was elected to a two-year term as grand representative from Ar- 
kansas to the Sovereign Grand Lodge. ^Ir. Josephs is also a member 
of the Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons, being past master 
of the Blue Lodge at Winthrop, a Royal Arch Mason and a member 
of the Grand Lodge of Arkansas, A. F. & A. M. He has recently be- 
come a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, hav- 
ing joined Texarkana Lodge, Xo. 399, :\ray .31. 1911. 

('ii.\Ri,ES W. Smith. For the past three decades has Judge Charles 
\V. Smith lieen engaged in the practice of law in Arkansas, five years 
ill Eldoiado, Union county, and the remainder of the time at Camden, 
Ouachita county, where he has resided since 1894. His prominence as 
a legal practitioner extends far beyond the limits of Ouachita county, 
and he holds prestige as one of the leading attorneys in this section of 
the state. 

Judge Smith was born in Union county. Arkan.sas. on tiie 20th of 
June, 1854, and he is a son of Joel Smith, whose birth occnrivd in 
Wilcox county, Alabama, on the 3d of April, 1818. Joel Smith came 
to Arkansas with his parents in 1829. at which time he was a lad of 
eleven years of age. The fii'st night aft?r their arrival iu this state the 
Smith family camped near where Junction City now stands, on the site 
of a recently abandoned Indian village. Subsequently location was 
made on the "Flats," three miles southwest of Eldorado, where they 



HISTORY OF ARKAX.SAS 1217 

reruaiued a few years and whence they later removed to a tract of land 
seven miles south of Eldorado, where a permanent home was estab- 
lished. On that plantation Joel Smith lived and died and there the sub- 
ject of this review was born and reared. The place is now owned and 
occupied by the children of Joel Smith. Prior to the Civil war it com- 
prised some three or four thousand acres of land and at the close of 
the war about forty slaves were liberated. The father was a man of 
considerable wealth and in addition to his extensive plantation interests 
he owned and eondudcd al dilTcri'iit tiiiics si'veral general stores— one 
at Eldorado, one at J^iaiiclianl S|,rii]'js .unl ;iiie on his own estate. In 
August, 1837, was solLiiiiiizt-d tln' maiii i-c (rf Joel Smith to Miss Mary 
McLelland, who was born and reared in Hempstead county, Arkansas. 
To this union were born tv.-elve children, seven of whom are living iu 
1911. The father was summoned to the life eternal on the 2nd of Sep- 
tciiil)rr, iss:], and his cherished and devoted wife, who long survived 
liiin. passid away on the 13th of September, 1910, at the venerable age 
of fiyhfy-uine years. 

Judge Smith was reared to the slnr.ly discipline of the home plan- 
tation and his early education ciiiisislcil dl such advantages as were 
afforded in the public schools of thi' lorality and period, this training 
being later supplemented by a course of study in Washington & Lee 
University, at Lexington, Virginia, in which well ordered institution 
he was graduated as a member of the class of 1879, with the degrees of 
Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws. He inaugurated the practice 
of his profession at Eldorado, Union county, Arkansas, in 1880, and in 
that place served for four years, with efficiency, as county and probate 
judge. In 1886 he was elected judge of the Thirteenth judicial circuit 
of Arkansas and was four times re-elected to that office, remaining in 
tenure thereof until 190fi. During sixteen years of that period he was 
alsd ;liaii(M.||r.i . .Indur Smith has been the attorney in many important 
litii^ati d casrs aini lir holds a rare reputation as judge, very few of his 
deeisiuns having ever been reversed. He is a man of straightforward 
and honorable principles and his entire career will bear the searchlight 
of fullest investigation. In politics he endorses the cause of the Demo- 
cratic party, in the local councils of which he has even been an active 
and interested factor and he is affiliated with various professional and 
fraternal organizations of representative character. He and his wife 
are devout mend^crs of the Presbyterian church, and they hold a high 
place in the regard' of their fellow citizens. 

On the 5tli of December, 1894, was solemnized the marriage of 
Judge Smith to iliss Sula Dunn, a daughter of James S. Dunn, a pio- 
neer settler in Calhoun county, Arkansas. To this union has been horn 
one son, Randolph T. B. Smith, who is now twelve years old. 

Fred W. Snetseb. Noteworthy among the brainy, energetic and 
enterprising men of Lee county who have achieved success in journal- 
istic fields is Fred W. Snetser, widely and favoi-ably known as editor 
and pi'oprietor of the Marianne Index, a bright and newsy sheet, 
with an extensive circulation. Born in Ohio, he was brought by his 
parents to eastern Arkansas as a child, and was here bred and educated. 

Spending his early life in White and Woodruff counties, Mr. Snet- 
ser served an apprenticeship at the printer's trade in Searey, where he 
became familiar with every branch of the "art preservative." In 1896 
Mr. Snetser purchased from Frank P. Ake the Maria nna Index, 
which was established in 1874 by Thomas & Benham, and has since been 
one of the popular Democratic papers of Lee county. Under its present 



1278 IIISTOK'V OK ARKANSAS 

management this paper exerts a wide influence, giving to the reading 
public the latest news in a condensed foi-m and intelligent views of the 
world's doings, Mr. Suetser's expressed opinions on current events being 
full of wisdom and thought. 

Mr. Snetser is also an able business man as well as an influential 
journalist, being a stockholder in the Bank of Marianna and in the 
Marianna Wholesale Grocery Company. A talented and accomplished 
musician, he is a skilful cornet player, and is musical director of the 
Marianna Commercial Club band, a musical organization in which the 
city may well take great pride. 

Elam H. Stevenson, M. D., a well known physician and one of 
the organizers and twice president of the Arkansas State Eclectic Medical 
Association, was born near Pulaski, Giles county, Tennessee, and was there 
reared and given his primary education. He studied medicine in the 
Eclectic Medical Institute at Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was graduated 
with the class of 1879. He began the practice of his profession in Shelby 
county, near Memphis, Tennessee, and in 1880 removed to Beebe, Arkan- 
sas, where he practiced in association with his father-in-law. Dr. Wyatt 
Slaughter, till 1882. In 1883 Dr. Stevenson took up his residence at 
Fort Smith, where he won great success. 

In 1880, in the office of Drs. Slaughter and Stevenson at Beebe, he 
and Dr. Slaughter and Dr. Pruett of Russellville, Dr. Park of Cabot. Dr. 
John S. Eastland of Judsonia, and Dr. M. P. Dumas of Bald Knob 
organized the Arkansas State Eclectic Medical Association. Dr. Steven- 
son has been twice chosen to its presidency and three times to its secre- 
taryship. There are now about two hundred and fifty eclectic physicians 
in the state, and about one hundred and fifty of them are enrolled in this 
association, which is in a flourishing condition. Dr. Stevenson is a mem- 
ber and an ex-president of the Arkansas State Board of Medical Ex- 
aminers representing the Eclectic school. He is a Past Grand Master of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows of the Grand Lodge of Arkansas. 

Dr. Stevenson is president of the board of trustees of the Central 
Methodist Episcopal church South, of Fort Smith, which position he has 
held by repeated re-election since the organization of that body. He 
was a leading spirit in founding the church and one of its constituent 
members. Mrs. Stevenson was Miss Martha C. Slaughter, who was born 
and reared in Shelby county, Tennessee. She is a daughter of Dr. Wyatt 
Slaughter, mentioned above. Dr. Stevenson's son. Dr. J. Eugene Steven- 
son, is associated with him in the practice of medicine. There are also 
two younger sons — Wyatt and Vincent Stevenson. 

George W. Hays. Possessing veritable legal talent and high men- 
tal attainments, George W. Hays, of Camden, has acquired distinction 
as one of the leading members of the Arlcmsas bar, and is widely and 
favorably known as judge of the 'riiirti iiiili .Tndicial Circuit. A native 
of Ouachita county, he was born Stptcinlur _':), 1863, six miles south of 
Camden, on the farm of his fatlicr. Tlidiiias Hays, and there grew to 
manhood. 

Thomas Hays was born and bred in Alabama, and as a young man 
embarked in agricultural pursuits in Mississippi. Not entirely satisfied 
with his prospects in that state, lie came, in 1840. to Ouachita county, 
Arkansas, in search of a favorable location. Buying land south (if Cam- 
den, he continued his career as a farmer, and there resided until his 
death, in 1873. He married Mrs. Parthcna Ross, a native of Kentucky, 
and of the six children born of their union Judge Hays was the second 
in succession of birth. 




^^ ^ 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1379 

Obtaining his rudimentary education in the public schools of 
Ouachita county, George W. Hays subsequently began his preparation 
for a legal career at Washington & Lee University, Lexington, Vir- 
ginia. He afterwards continued the study of law at Camden, Arkansas, 
in the office of Gaughan & Sifford, and after his admission to the bar, 
in 1894, remained in their office for three years, gaining valuable knowl- 
edge and experience. Opening an office of his own in 1897, he con- 
tinued the practice of his profession alone for some time, winning suc- 
cess, his patronage becoming extensive and lucrative. Permitting his 
name to be used as a candidate for the county judgeship in 1900, he was 
elected, and after serving ably for two terms in that capacity resumed 
his legal practice. In 1906 Judge Hays was elected circuit judge, and 
at the expiration of his term was re-elected to the same office without 
opposition, and is now serving his second term as judge of the Thir- 
teenth Judicial District. 

The judge is prominent in various fraternal organizations, being a 
member of the Knights of Pythias, the Woodmen of the World, the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and belonging also to the Masonic Order, a member of the 
lodge and chapter, and belonging to the Order of the Eastern Star. 

Judge Hays married, February 26, 1895, Ida V. Yarbrough, of 
Ouachita county, and they have two children, George Grady and Wil- 
liam Francis. 

JxJDGE John- Newton Tillman, president of the Arkansas State 
University at Fayetteville, is counted among the state's most valuable 
and progressive men. An eminent representative of the bench and bar, 
his eloquence and fearlessness have made him the invincible champion 
of various good causes, such as prohibition, law enforcement and the best 
available education. By the circumstance of birth this gentleman is a 
native of Missouri, being born near Springfield, that state, December 
13, 1859. His father, Newton J. Tillman, was born near Shelbyville, 
Tennessee, in 1833, and passed his life as a farmer. The latter was -a 
man of good education, active mentality, and he was an influential citi- 
zen of his day and locality. During the Civil war he was a soldier of the 
Confederacy in the army of General Price, his conscientious conviction 
of the supreme right of the states to sever their union with the national 
government leading him to give his influence and support to the lost 
cause. He served in the Trans-Mississippi department and was seri- 
ously wounded in battle. He was a member of the Christian church, 
and he died in Washington county, Arkansas. 

Newton J. Tillman was a son of Samuel Tillman, of North Caro- 
lina, and the scion of a family prominent in the annals of the Revolu- 
tionary war. One of his remote forbears was the ancestor of the Till- 
mans who have made the name famous among American statesmen, 
jurists and educators, serving in the halls of congress, in university 
work, on the bench and in the gubernatorial capacity. Testimony, ample 
and conclusive, of the Colonial origin of the family is preserved in 
records in the archives of the Carolinas. Newlon J. Tillman married 
Mary Mullins, a daughter of Judge Thomas JIullins, who was a jurist 
of Washington county for many years after the period of the Civil war. 
He, as well as his father, was born within the borders of North Caro- 
lina. Mrs. Tillman passed away in 1877, and her hu.sband followed her 
to the Great Beyond in 1896, having survived her for almost a score 
of years. The children of their union wei-e Judge Tillman, whose name 
initiates this review ; Annie, a teacher in the public schools of Fayette- 



12S0 HISTOKY OF AIIKAXSAS 

ville, who married Francis M. Boyd; Emma, who became the wife of 
Fred Eotan; and Samuel TiUman, who died in young manhood. 

Judue Till mail's parents removed to Fayetteville, Arkansas, when 
he M-as a cliild ,iiid he received his early education in the public schools 
and sui>|il(iiitii(((l this with attendance at the University of Arkansas, 
from wIikIi lustitution he was graduated iu 1880. He received the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Latin Letters and his first adventure as a wage 
earner was as a teacher in the public schools of Washington county. 
He continued in that peda'jn.jic;il capacity three years, and for the 
years included between ISSl .ml l^s:; was county examiner of teachers 
in Washington county. Wliilr ,,ar|iiiio he pursued the study of law, 
which his natural proclivities liad led him to adopt as a life profession, 
and ere he had abandoned his other profession he was admitted to the 
bar, in February, 1883, before Judge Pittman. 

Judge Tillman began his eminently creditable public life as a 
county otHeer of Washington county, being elected circuit clerk in 1884 
and serving four years in that office. In 1888 he was elected to the 
state senate and served four years, advdcatiii.^ means and measures 
favorable to the University and by his cliv.r siMliMnaiiship securing the 
repeal of some of the laws which hanipcivd ihr Lirowth of the school. 
From 1893-5 he was a trustee of the University and as such showed rare 
executive ability which commended him to the trustees as a proper head 
for the chief institution in the educational scheme >of the state. 

Following his service in the state senate Judge Tillman was elected 
prosecuting attorney for the Fourth Judicial District and filled the 
office from 1802 to 1898. In the following year he was made .judge of 
the Fnnrtli -Iiidicial Circuit and during his term he rendered valuable 
service to liis -.lat.' Iiy his c-iil i- litened interpretation of the laws and by 
his vigdi-iiiis and cftVctivi^ stand for the enforcement of the laws against 
crime. The liquoi' laws of llie state were strongly upheld and the illicit 
traffic in whiskey in his circuit was broken up. He is the author of the 
decision which declared the holding of a Federal license prima facie 
evidence of guilt and sufficient to warrant indictment of the holder as a 
violator of the law, which decision was iiph'ld upon appeal to the higher 
courts. 

After leaving the bench Judge Tillman took an active part in the 
creation of prohibition sentiment and made many speeches and ad- 
dresses in behalf of prohibition temperance and clean living. In addi- 
tion to his many other attainments he is a practical orator, schooled in 
all the principles of platform address, rich and fluent of sjieeeh and 
possessing the rare ability to baptise himself in his subject and carry 
his audience with him to each climax. He has lectured extensively on 
Chautauciua and Lyceum coin-ses in Arkansas and adjoining states. He 
is also a writer of taste and talent, and as a welcome contributor of fic- 
tion to high class magazines his pen is kept busy. Few men have a 
more varied pulpit for the dissemination of enlightened and progressive 
opinion than he— being equally far-reaching through the press, the 
platform, and a great educational institution. 

Judge Tillman accepted the presidency of the Arkansas Univer- 
sity in 1905, and he brought to the institution the rare gift of great 
executive ability, native enthusiasm and all the ripe experience of a 
scholar and public man. In a word, the notable achievements of his 
administration are the development of the college of agriculture : the 
raising of the entrance requirements; and the abolition of the prepara- 
tory depai'tment. He found the ITniversity a "preparatory school" and 
he made it a real univcrsily. Dtiring his reiiime there has Ix-en a lai'ii'e 



HISTOKY OF AlUvAXSAS 1281 

increase both iu the raculty and iu the enrollment, the former growinLr 
from forty-six in 1904 to ninety in 1908, in the same time the attend- 
ance increasing from eight hundred and ten to eleven hundred and sixty- 
three. He has greatly popularized and extended this institution of 
learning and made it one of the greatest in the South. 

On March 4, 1885, Judge Tillman was united iu marriage to Miss 
Tempy Walker, daughter of Martin K. Walker, who was a brother of 
Chief Justice Walker of the Supreme Court of Arkansas. Their chil- 
dren are John W., Frederick A. and Kathleen. Their residence in Fay- 
etteville is the abode of refinement and hospitality and the center about 
which the social life of the student body and faculty revolve. 

Judge Tillman is affiliated actively with all the chief educational 
movements of his state and the nation. He is a member of the State 
Teachers' Association and of the National Educational Association. He 
is likewise a member of the executive conmiittee of the National Asso- 
ciation of State Universities, a most important organization. He is a 
lirominent and popular figure in the IMasonic world, being a member 
of the Blue Lodge (Washington No. 1), the oldest lodge in the state, 
and he belongs to Far West Chapter, No. 1. He is affiliated with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, subordinate and "camp," and is 
supreme representative of the Grand Lodge. Knights of Pythias, of 
Ai-kansas. In the matter of religious conviction he is a member of the 
Bai)ti.st church and is a trustee of the Fayetleville congregation. Politi- 
cally he is a member of the Democratic party. 

It is in the concensus of opinion that President Tillman is a strong 
executive, one of the X^niversity's great presidents. In him is found a 
splendid cuniiniimliii'.: of the piMclicil and ilic iilrak which has already 
worked wumliis lor tlir inst iliilion .il wlmsi' IhmiI lie has been for many 
years. The ImiKn- (iL hfiim chosen f<u- tln' iM-i'sidmcy of an alma mater 
iu which he had always displayed an active and loyal interest was un- 
expected and unsolicited. In 1907 the University of Mississippi con- 
ferred upon him the degree of LL. D. 

Reverend J. Wade Sikes. A prominent figiire anK)ng the substan- 
tial and revered citizens of Benton county. Rev. J. Wade Sikes, of Rog- 
ers, belongs to the pioneer class, and his name is inseparably interwoven 
with the history and development of this part of the state. Sincerely 
devout in his convictions and a zealous worker in the IMaster's vineyard, 
his influence has been potent and effective in the making of a righteous 
citizenship, his entire life having been lived in true accord with his 
])rofessious of Christian fellowship. For upwards of forty-five years 
he has taught the word of God and preached the Oi'thodox faith, and 
now, when the shades of night are gathering gently about him, he is 
spending his closing years in sweet content among his friends, who.se 
number is limited only by the boundaries of his broad acquaintance. 
He was born October 2, 1828. in Perry county, Alabama, eighteen miles 
North of Selma, a son of Robert Sikes. 

His paternal grandfather, Thomas A. Sikes, was born of English 
parentage. They immigrated to the United States in Colonial times and 
he served as a soldier in the Revolutionary army, assisting the colon- 
ists in their struggle for independence. He subsequently married a fair 
French lady and settled in Tennessee, where both spent their remaining 
days, his death occurring in Rutherford county, and hers in Bedford 
county. They became the parents of nine children, as follows: Jessie, 
Jonas, John, Robert, Susan, who married James Rogers: Rebecca, who 



1282 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

became the wife of Josiali Springer; Elizabeth, who married a Uv. 
West; Polliu, who married James Harrison; and one other daughter. 

Robert Sikes was born in 1793, in Tennessee, on the parental home- 
stead. Succeeding to the occupation of his father, he was employed as a 
tiller of the soil during his active life, living in Perry county, Alabama, 
until the death of his wife, in 1836, when he returned to Tennessee. 
He afterwards took up his residence in Arkansas, and died at the point 
where Rogers is now located, in Benton county, in 1856. He married 
Elizabeth Bledsoe, vvho died in Perry county, Alabama, in 1836. To 
them five children were born, as follows: Benjamin F., who died in 
Rogers, Arkansas, was for many years one of its leading citizens; Sa- 
mantha, deceased, married first Kenneth Deason, second a Mr. Bray, and 
married third Steve Adkinson ; Rev. J. Wade, the special subject of this 
personal review; T. W., now living near Rogers; and Martha, wife of 
John L. Booth, deceased. 

J. Wade Sikes spent the days of his boyhood and youth in Bedford 
county, Tennessee, where he had but scant educational advantages, gain- 
ing a portion of his knowledge by the light thrown from cedar wood 
burning in the cheery, old-fashioned fireplace of pioneer days. By 
sturdy application to his books he attained sufficient proficiency to en- 
able him to take his place as an instructor in the schoolroom, a profes- 
sion which he followed a few years, in the meantime attending for a 
few months the Unionville Academy. 

In 1853, when in the prime of a vigorous manhood, Mr. Sikes, in 
company with his father, his brother Benjamin, and a cousin, Thomas 
Sikes, journeyed overland from Tennessee to Benton county, Arkansas. 
All but he retui-ned a short time later to their old home. He remained, 
and, finding the door of opportunity open to him in a professional 
capacity, he gathered together a few pupils for a term of subscription 
school in the old Jeiferson school house, one and one-half miles east of 
Bentonville. He subsequently taught for a time at the Shelton Acad- 
emy, in Pea Ridge, but was afterwards there engaged as a merchant and 
a farmer. In the late "fifties," during the excitement caused by the 
finding of gold at Pike's Peak, Mr. Sikes fonned one of a part}' raised 
in Benton county to go across the plains to that Eldorado. He took with 
him several cows, with which he expected to coin money as a dairyman, 
l)ut on reaching Fort Dodge. Kansas, the little band found so many re- 
turning from the Peak with discouraging reports of the situation there 
that the company, in .spite of the protests of Mr. Sikes, decided to aban- 
don the trip and return home. 

At the outbreak of the Civil war Mr. Sikes joined Company D, 
Second Arkansas Mounted Rifles, under Captain Arrington and Gol- 
(luel Mcintosh, and served under command of General McCullough. 
During the first year he acted as orderly sergeant of his company with- 
out being appointed, and met his first baptism of fire at Wilson Creek, 
near Springfield, Missouri. His next fight of note was at Elkhorn (Pea 
Ridge), in a contest which was a "home and fireside" contest with him, 
a-s it took place on ground which he had called his home for years and 
which was participated in by many of his neighbors as well as by him- 
.self. Mr. Sikes was subsequently promoted to the rank of lieutenant, 
and later in the war was commissioned as captain. The whole command 
was transferred ea.st of the Mississippi river and sent to Kentucky under 
command of General E. Kirby Smith. His regiment fought in the bat- 
tle of Richmond, but Lieutenant Sikes missed the fight at Murfrees- 
boro, having been detailed from his company to return home with 
moucv for the families of the enlisted soldiers. Afterward, while before 



HI8T0KY OF ARKAXSAS 1283 

Chickamauga, he was detailed to eominaud a guard to the tunnel 
through which General Longstreet 's Army corps was to pass under the 
mountain, and reached the field of carnage just after the famous battle 
had ended. 

The Confederate forces began a stubborn retreat toward Atlanta 
in the spring of 1864, and for upwards of three months fighting was 
an every-day affair. The nearer to Atlanta the Federals pushed the 
fiercer grew the fighting, and the "stubborn retreat" became "Southern 
resistance." On July 20, 1864, in a charge of the Federal entrench- 
ments. Lieutenant Sikes displayed marked daring and bravery by grasp- 
ing the regimental colors as they were falling from the hand of a 
wounded comrade and planting them upon the works of the enemy, at 
the same moment perceiving a Federal gun leveled at him, the gun, 
however, for some reason failing to lay him low. Eight days later, while 
fighting on the left of the city, a rifle ball entered the Lieutenant's left 
arm and shattered it, compelling, in the field hospital that day, ampu- 
tation of the arm above the elbow. 

Upon that fateful day the slaughter of men of the Second Arkan- 
sas was great and comrades were being piled up, awaiting surgical and 
spiritual attention. Lieutenant Sikes, although himself awaiting his 
turn at the operating table, found work to do in behalf of comrades 
whose lives were going out. In looking after the spiritual needs of the 
company, even while his arm was still dangling from his shoulder, he 
became an intercessor before the Throne of Grace in behalf of the men 
dying about him, appealing fervently to his Maker that those who died, 
as it were, upon the field of battle, might find peace and welcome with 
their Lord. AiiKinu llios.' inortally wounded that day was Colonel 
Smith. Being advis.'il ili.ii he had but a short time to live, the Colonel, 
too, raised his voici' m .ipiK ,il to his companion, asking the Lieutenant 
to pray for him and Id comfort him in his passage through the valley 
of death. Having had his arm amputated. Lieutenant Sikes was in the 
hospital at Macon, Georgia, until able to travel. He started homeward, 
but encountered such difficulties in getting through that he did not 
reach Benton county until June, 1865. 

The work of Rev. Mr. Sikes as a churchman was very effective 
among his soldier comrades. Whenever camp was pitched he held prayer 
meetings, and whenever a long stop was made in any place preparations 
were made for holding revival meetings; the whole command was sup- 
plied with Testaments and Bibles, and a systematic campaign for Christ 
was carried on, more especially was this true in Meridian, Mississippi, 
where winter quarters were maintained. 

Since the war Mr. Sikes has given much of his life to the spreading 
of the gospel. He was ordained a Baptist minister as a member of the 

Baptist church by Reverends Dunigan, Williams and 

Heath, and only since the decline of his physical strength has he given 
up preaching. For a short time after the war he was deputy clerk of 
Benton county, and was afterwards elected clerk, entering the office as 
deputy in December, 1865, and retiring from it when, in 1868, the period 
of reconstruction displaced him. He had previously prepared himself 
for the law, and was actively engaged in the practice of his profession 
and in fanning until 1880, when he took an overland trip to Colorado 
for tlie lienefit of his health. Upon recovei-ing his usual physical vigor, 
he resumed his law business and his agricultural labors. Mr. Sikes has 
found fox hunting his chief means of plea.sure and recreation. As a 
boy this sport charmed him, and his periodic runs of the little silver 



1384 llIS'l'OKY OF ARKANSAS 

and the common red foxes have added not a little to the maintenance of 
his apparent vigor of mind and body. 

Ever a stanch Democrat in polities, Mr. Sikes is a follower of 
Bryan, but he has never had ambitions for public service to gratify. 

On December 25, 1855, Mr. Sikes was married, at Pea Ridge, Ar- 
kansas, to Almyra Lee, who was born in Missouri, where her father, 
John W. Lee, settled on migrating from Kentucky, his native state. 
Mrs. Sikes passed to the higher life April 8, 1898. Her only child to 
reach years' of maturity was a daughter, named Lorena Arizona Sikes. 
She became the wife of Joseph Duckworth, and at her death, in 1882, 
left two children, Siddie Duckworth aud Charles K. Duckworth, the 
latter of whom married Lena Van Meter and resides in Rogers. 

Mr. Sikes was made a ilason in Bentonville, in 1854, but in recent 
years has not affiliated with the order. His position as a citizen in the 
community commands the highest regard, and he is appealed to as an 
encyclopaedia upon the occurrences of Benton in the closed book of the 
past. He is a favorite v.ith young and old, who are ever pleased to 
entertain him, and take delight in visiting him at his home. 

Neediiam IL Gr.\dy, I\L D. It is particularly gratifying at this 
point in an historical compilation of the state of Arkansas to here pre- 
sent a sketch of the career of Dr. Needham H. Grady, who is engaged 
in the active practice of his profession at Monette, in Craighead county. 
In the face of almost insurmountable difficulties he plodded persistently 
on, earning his education, and eventually, through determination and 
energy, made of success not an accident but a logical result. He is 
strictly a self-made man, and as such, a perusal of his career oifers both 
lesson and incentive. Dr. Grady is one of the pioneer physicians and 
sui-geons of Monette, one of its leading merchants aud an extensive 
farmer and man-oi-at¥air.s. Like many of the citizens of eastern Ar- 
kansas he is a native son of Tennessee, having been born in Obion 
county, that state, on the 5th of March, 1852. He grew up in the vi- 
cinity of Kenton, where his father, William Grady, settled on coming- 
out of North Carolina. The latter was a son of AVilliam Grady, who 
reared a family in the old Tar state of the Union, where he died about 
the year 1848. His son William, the Doctor's father, was married to 
Sarah Hargett, a native of North Carolina, and they were both sum- 
moned to the life eternal in 1862, the parents of twenty-three children, 
in which family thei-e were three .sets of twins. Thirteen of the above 
children grew to adult age and of the number but two survive at the 
present time, in 1911, namely— Dr. Grady, of this notice, and Charles, 
who resides in Gibson county, Tennessee. 

Left an orphan at the eai-ly age of ten years. Dr. Grady had oc- 
casion to learn something of youthful trials without parental aid and 
of temptations without parental advice and resti-aint. He acquired his 
early education by piecemeal as a child, but was .so persistent and de- 
termined that he should have at least the fundamentals of a good com- 
mon-school education that he applied himself vigorously to work in order 
that he might thereby save up enough money for tuition in college later 
on. When he was able to take charge of a country school, at the age of 
nineteen years, he taught foi- two tenns in Gibson county, Tennessee, 
and subsequently one term in Dunklin county, ^lissouri. Before he had 
funds enough to defray his expenses in college, however, he was obliged 
to work for a time as a farm hand, but eventunlly he was matriculated 
a.s a student in the old St. Louis College of Medicine, entering that in- 
stitution in 1881. At the end of a two-years' course he received a license 



IIISTOEY or AEKAXSAS l-2Sr) 

to practice aicdieiiie in ]\Iissoui-i, where he practiced for two years. He 
then came to Arkansas, sjH-ndinii two years near ( iainesville, wheu fail- 
iuu: healtli tinally compelled him to seek a difl'irrnt .il iiii>s])here, with the 
result that he located at Iiound :\Ioiuitain, in indejiendence county, Ar- 
iiansMs. until recovery sciukmI Mssincd. He then established his home 
in Crai.uhead county, ha\in- liecii licensed to practice in that district 
by the tirst board of niedu-.il i\,iiiiiners under the new medical law of 
the state, his exainiiiati.iii b.iviii- t.ikeii phice in Clay county in 1883. 
In 1886 he l.iratcd at Stdltsvillc iu-av M,u-y. where he initiated the long- 
career of proiessiiiual and i-dninien-ial success that has marked his life. 
In that year he stocked a small general store in the little country village, 
increased its importance with the growing demands of the community, 
engaged in farming, built a cotton gin and became connected with 
every phase of industrial life in that place. When the railroad finally 
came toward that community and failed to make Macy a .station he de- 
cided to move to Monette, and did so in 1898. Here he is one of the 
largest land owners of the locality, is engaged extensively and .success- 
fully in farming by tenantry and owas stock in both the banks at Mo- 
nette, in each of which he is a director. He is also a stockholder in the 
Jonesboro, Lake City & Eastern Railway Company, in the Home Tele- 
phone Company and also in the P. & S. M. College, St. Louis. 

Dr. Grady has achieved most remarkable success in connection with 
the work of his profession, and having become so deeply involved therein 
he found it difficult to withdrav.^ long enough to finish his medical 
course. In 1900, however, he returned to the College of Physicians & 
Surgeons, at St. Louis, graduating in that excellent institution as a mem- 
ber of the class of 1901, duly receiving his degree of Doctor of iledicine. 
In 1903 he pursued a special postmaduote courise in the New Orleans 
Polyclinic and in 1906 he again w.is ;i student there, receiving his post- 
graduate degree and making a spniall) ol' gynecological surgery. Hav- 
ing thus .'((uipped himself for a larger field of professional usefulness 
lie sii|iiilicil his (itfice with the X-ray, with the improved nelmli/er ,ind 
with instiiinicnis for surgical work, until his is one of the best e<|uipiicd 
offices HI the county. In connection with the work of his profession he 
is affiliated with the Craighead County Medical Society, with the Ar- 
kansas State ^ledical Society and with the American Medical Associa- 
tion. 

In Butler county, IMissouri, on the 5th of October, 1876, was sol- 
emnized the marriage of Dr. Grady to Miss Nancy A. Keith, a daughter 
of Ambrose Keith, who went to Missouri in the ante-bellum days. Mr. 
Keith was a farmer by occupation and at the time of the inception of the 
Civil war he enlisted as a soldier in the Confederate army, sacrificing 
his life for the cause of the South. Dr. and Mrs. Grady have no chil- 
dren. They are consistent members of the Christian church, in the vari- 
ous departments of whose work they are most active factors, and they 
are popular and prominent in connection with the best social affairs of 
the community. 

In politics Dr. Gi'ady ace(n-ds an uncompromising allegiance to the 
principles and policies for which the Democratic party stands sponsor, 
and while he has never had time nor ambition for public office of any 
description he gives freely of his aid and influence in support of all 
measures and enterpris&s projected for the good of the general welfare. 
Dr. Grady has lived a life of usefulness such as few men know. God- 
fearing, law-abiding, progi-essive, his life is as truly that of a Christian 
gentleman as any man's can well be. Unwaveringly he has done the 
right as he has interpreted it. His life history is worthy of commenda- 



T.'Sn HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

lion and of emulation, for along honorable and straightforward lines he 
has won the success which crowns his eiforts and which makes him one 
of the substantial citizens of Monette. 

Swan C. Dowell. It is indeed appropriate that in a history of 
representative men and women of Arkansas should be presented a review 
of the life and achievements of such a citizen as Swan C. Dowell, of 
AValnut Ridge, Arkansas, the subject of this notice, who had devoted 
many years of his life to the material welfare of his commonwealth. 
To his personal efforts in the exploiting of the resources and oppor- 
tunities lying in wait for the homeseeker, his knowledge being gained 
at first hand and chiefly by the conducting of something akin to an 
agricultural experiment station of his own, to his intelligent and earnest 
appeal to the nev>' and vigorous blood of the northern states to become 
beneficiaries of the advantages just across the threshold of the open door 
of Arkansas, has that portion of the state lying contiguous to his influ- 
ence developed a new civilization. This new civilization is not the 
typical Arkan.sas "razorback" veneered by contact with enlightment 
and progress, but is an amalgamation of varied fertile, human elements 
which have emerged into activity as new being. 

It was nearly a score of years ago that Mr. Dowell foresaw and fore- 
casted the development and .settlement of northeastern Arkansas and 
the opening up of dormant possibilities. Although a factor in the mer- 
cantile field at that time, he laid the foundation of his future work in 
experiments in agriculture and thereby gained that positive evidence 
as to results which he has since used so effectually in removing new set- 
tlers from "stale, flat and unprofitable" associations and transplanting 
them amid other scenes, to tlic mutual advantage of themselves and their 
adopted state. 

The Dowell family is not a pioneer one as Arkansas pioneers are 
rated. Lawrence county, where it first located, is indeed one of the 
oldest in the state, and is one of the three first whose boundaries were 
established long before Arkansas achieved the distinction of statehood, 
but the Dowells did not plant stake there until the year of 1867, at 
which date they settled at Clover Bend, and there and in its vicinity 
were passed the first years of their rural life in Arkansas. Their de- 
cision to make location at this point had been made before leaving 
Clover Port. Kentucky, their native heath, where the father of our sub- 
ject had been engaged in the mercantile business. 

Christopher Dowell, father of the foregoing, was born in Meade 
county, Kentucky, in 1814. His antecedents were Scotch people, who, 
moved by love of gr'eater opportunity, crossed the seas and took up their 
residence in the Old Dominion. Eventually our subject's grandfather 
came to the newer state of Kentucky, as was the fashion in his day. and 
there established his family. There he tilled the soil, reared his family 
of children to good citizenship, and, finally being gathered unto his 
fathers, was there buried. 

Christopher Dowell married in the yeai' of 1842 Elizabeth Brander- 
burg, of Kentucky, daughter of John Branderburg, a direct descendant 
of Price Branderburg, of the house of Branderburg. who by offending 
Emperor William was exiled and. coming to America, settled in Ken- 
tucky, tlie county of that name being called after him. After a useful 
and successful career in Arkansas as a planter and merchant he passed 
away in 1888. his widow surviving him three years, dyins: at the age of 
soventv-two in Walnut Ridtje. Arkansas, at the residence of her son. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS T28r 

Swan C. Dowell. Five children were born of this union, namely, Isa- 
bella, Oliver, John Thomas, Marie and Swan Cruteher. 

Swan Dowell was ten years of age when his parents first took up 
their abode in Lawrence county. His school advantages were compara- 
tively limited, but by thorough application, great ambition and a fertile 
brain he gained an education that many a college boy would have had 
reason to be proud of. He never lost an opportunity of increasing his 
knowledge through others or his own efforts, and his great success in 
various branches of business in which he was eventually interested was 
due to this fact, as it was through his own efforts in acquiring the 
requisite knowledge that he was able to carry on whatever he undertook. 

His first position in the world of affairs was as a clerk in a general 
merchandise stoi-e in Clover Bend, at the age of sixteen, and subsequent- 
ly he was employed and had an interest in a general store at Minturn, 
Arkansas, being also interested in the hotel business. In 1880 he and 
his wife moved to Walnut Ridge, where he, feeling sufficiently sure of 
himself, made an independent business venture, engaging in the drug 
business. He remained in that business some fifteen years, and in 1895 
sold out to the Cooper Brothers in order to give his Avhole attention to 
the real estate business. 

While a merchant i\Ir. Dov/cll had acquired a clientele as a real 
estate broker, and to him was due the eft'ective innovation of scattering 
literature broadcast throughout the states of Missouri, Kansas, Iowa, 
Illinois, Ohio and Indiana; said literature setting forth the advantages 
of Arkansas, and thereby was the cause of opening up a correspondence 
which resulted in a current immigration to Arkansas. Northern farm- 
ers are especially partial to grasses, and a county which shows good re- 
sults as a hay producer interests them at once. Mr. Dowell was pre- 
pared with convincing evidence of Arkansas' adaptability to tame 
grasses. He had already proved this to his own satisfaction and by his 
own experiment, and he later demonstrated the adaptability of the soil 
in the bottoms as wheat and rice producers of superior yield and quality. 
He has shown that timothy and clover grow as profusely here as in their 
natural home, Kentucky, sometimes yielding three tons per acre at a 
single cut. He has also harvested "bumper" crops of wheat and oats, 
and has reached wonderful results with experiments • in rice culture. 
This cereal was tried first in 1909 upon a small tract and was irrigated 
from a flowing well whose eapacity was two thousand five hundred gal- 
lons per minute. It did so well that fifty acres were planted in 1910 and 
five thousand bushels of grain, of the best quality, were harvested, indi- 
cating that the northern parts of the section are most desirable for the 
growing of this popular and important article of domestic commerce. 

As a result of this kind of experimentation and as a result of the 
success of farmers of Lawrence county who have attained like results 
with grasses, cotton and grains. Mr. Dowell has been able to cause the 
exchange of more real estate in northea.stern Arkansas than any other 
one firm in the same business. Thus, it v\ill be seen, that the great work 
of his life has contributed materially to the value of the farm land here 
and has built up a thriving community in a section which hitherto has 
been actually starving for an infusion of new blood. He is so truly 
loyal to county and state that he has been almost able to overlook the 
fact that all this has been of little material benefit to himself, which in 
a smaller being might eliminate a great deal of the satisfaction. 

He has been the agitator of every advantageous movement of im- 
provement that has been made for his home town and its people, always 
putting the first foot forward and using his influence, which was far- 



l-.'H.s HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

reaching, for the betteriug of \\'aliiiit Ridge and vicinity. Through his 
merits as a thorough and reliable business man he acquired the confi- 
dence and friendship of the influential men of affairs not alone in this 
state but all over the country. 

In the urban affairs of Walnut Ridge Mr. Dowell has invested his 
means in the erection of buildings and in the promotion of enterprises 
for the public good requiring the investment of money. He was one 
of the prime movers in securing the electric line between his city and 
Hoxie, which makes the two places practically one municipality, and he 
is president and treasurer of said company. This interurban road runs 
a car every thirty minutes, day and night, and furnishes a service equal 
to every demand of the business of the twin cities. Another interest 
of importance is his cimneetion with the Lawrence County Bank, of 
which he is a stiH-klidldn' and directur. and he is also one of Lawrence 

county's lari;e land iiwiiiTs. 

On June 10, ItSTS, .Mr. Dowell formed an ideally happy life com- 
panionship by his marriage in St. Louis, Missouri, with Miss Alice Wall, 
a daughter of Charles and Mary (Delaney) Wall. The father and 
mother were Irish by birth and tlieii' imiiiii nceun-ed while still resident 
in the Emerald Isle, the father bein- ,i ui-.idiiate of Dublin College, the 
mother, a graduate from the Saercil iicait Convent. They were close 
friends of Daniel O'Connell, the great Irish orator. Bishop ]\Iarum, of 
Ossary, and confes.sor to the Court of Spain, was a near relative on the 
mother's side. Hameill Marum, another member of the family, was a 
very much honored member of parliament. The children of "Sir. and 
IMrs. S. C. Dowell are: Walter, Antony, Mary Isabella, Oliver Kyran, 
Agnes Elizabeth, Alice Cecilia, Ruth Cleveland, Aloysius Swan and 
Eegenia Aurelia. 

Mr. Dowell is one of the most public spirited of men and his watch- 
word is improvement and progress. He built the tii'st piece of sidewalk 
laid in Walnut Ridge, has erected many of the business houses and re- 
cently added to the charming and substantial abodes of the city a mod- 
ern and model home, a moiuiment to his progressive spirit and a credit 
to the little metropolis in which he lives. In his political leanings he 
is a Democrat, but, except as a voter, he has no liking for the game of 
polities. He is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, Jonesboro Lodge, No. 498. 

JiinnF, F. M. (io.vR. One of the most prominent representatives of 
the leual pi.il'issKin in Arkansas of any day or generation was Judge 
Francis Mai inn i',n;n\ formerly of Mississippi, but in the last ten years 
of his life a resident of the state of Arkansas. This gentleman, who 
died in April, 1898, was the first dean of the law department of the 
University of Arkansas, at Fayetteville, and he was serving as such at 
the time of his death, the department having been removed to I^ittle 
Rock previous to that time. 

Judge Goar was born in Yalobusha comity. ^li.ssissippi, in 1844. 
The following year his parents removed to this state, settling in Drew 
county. In 1850 the mother died and the father went to California, 
Mhere he also died, thus leaving the sub.ieet an orphan at the tender 
age of five years. ?Te was sent back to his grandparents in IMississippi 
and there he grew toward manhood, alternately working on the farm 
and going to .school, this peaceful program continuing until the outbreak 
of the Civil war. AYhen bai'ely fifteen years of. age young Goar en- 
listed in the Second Missi.ssippi Regiment of the Confederate service 
and, although discharged by reason of being under age, he returned to 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1289 

Mississippi and assisted in raising a company of which he became suc- 
cessively lieutenant and captain, serving until the close of the Civil war. 

In 1865, at the age of twenty years, Judge Goar resumed his 
former course, alternating between farm work and attendance at school, 
this continuing until 1870, when he graduated from the law department 
of the University of Mississippi and entered regularly upon the practice 
of his profession. He continued in this until 1887, when he removed to 
Arkansas, settling at Fayetteville. Two years later he was selected by 
the board of trustees of the University there as dean of the law depart- 
ment. He at once entered zealously upon the work of building up this 
institution to a high point of excellence, which has given it a name ex- 
tending far beyond state borders. In 1892 he removed to Little Rock 
and in the following year, upon the organization of the Little Rock law 
class as the Law Department of the State University, he was elected 
dean and was in sei-vice in that capacity at the time of his death. 

Judge Goar was deeply and thoroughly versed in the law, as was 
evident in his graduation with the degree of Bachelor of Laws from the 
University of Mississippi, his alma mater, and his subsequent career 
served to add to his store of knowledge in that field. Of dignified and 
impressive bearing, his law discourses carried with them such con- 
ciseness, clarity and weight that his hearei-s could not but reap perma- 
nent advantages. He had, indeed, great gifts as an instructor in the 
.science of jurisprudence. It was in the midst of service of this kind 
that his useful career was cut short. He had attained but to the age of 
fifty-four years and when his powers were at their zenith and with the 
promise of many more years of usefulness and strength before him, he 
was summoned to the bourne "whence no traveler returns." In his 
decease one of the strong men of Arkansas was lost— one who had al- 
ready filled a large space in public thought and for whom it seemed that 
life had still greater things in reserve. 

Politically, as Judge Goar himself expressed it, "without a single 
misgiving or deviation," he always acted with the Democratic party- 
national, county, state and municipal, and he had taken pride at times 
in the fact that he had never "scratched" a ticket of his party. 

Very shortly before Judge Goar's death he became a candidate for 
attorney general, and his great friend, Governor Stone, of Mississippi, 
included this tribute to his character and powers in a most enthusiastic 
letter of endorsement, published in the Ai-kansas Democrat: 

"Mr. Goar is a man of the highest order of integrity, temperate in 
habits, moral and discreet in his deportment, and faithful to every 
social demand, as well as to every public trust. He is a man of superior 
intellectual attainments, a lawyer of eminent ability, and if he should 
give his consent to stand for the office of attorney general the people of 
the state of Arkansas will honor themselves in bestowing upon him that 
important oiifice. He is upholding the honor of his native state by a 
faithful and self-sacrificing service to that of his adoption. No one who 
knows the history of this man as I have known it could reasonably ex- 
pect anything else of him, yet it is none the less gratifying to his many 
friends in Mississippi," 

In referring to Judge Goar's military record, the governor speaks 
of him a.s a gallant soldier and an excellent officer. 

Judge Goar married Miss Belle Robins, a niece of Private John 
Allen, of Mississippi. Of this union nine children were born, eight 
daughters and one son, Francis M., Jr. They all now live at Tupelo. 
Mississippi. 



1-^90 HISTORY OF AK'KAXSAS 

Mbs. Thomas H. Barnes, is the widow of the late Thomas H. Baiiies, 
one of the most honorable and distinguished lawyers Sebastian county has 
ever known. For four years he served with efficiency as United States 
district attorney for the Western district of Arkansas and during his life- 
time his record as a skillful lawyer and well fortified counselor was of 
unexcelled order. Mrs. Barnes, who has long maintained her home at 
Fort Smith, is a woman of .strong mental faculties, magnetic personality 
and broad human sympathy and she is deeply admired and beloved by all 
witli whom she has come in contact. 

The girl Fronie Mellette, now Mrs. Barnes, was born at Newcastle, 
Henry county, Indiana, a daughter of Luther C. Mellette. When ]\rrs. 
Barnes was a mere child the family removed to the state of Illinois and 
thence to Fort Smith, Arkansas, about the year 1868, shortly after the 
close of the Civil war. Mr. Mellette married Miss Adaline E. Moore and 
to them were born five children, namely, — Mrs. Barnes, of this review ; 
William ]\I(iiiir .\ri-ll(itc: Elmer E., an attorney of Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia; Jo^iali II., (Ik ..'iised; and Mrs. J. X. Hewes, deceased. The late 
William ildniv .Mcllcttr. who was summoned to the life eternal at Mus- 
kogee. Oklahoma, in May, 1910, was a lawyer of high standing. He 
was prepared for the legal profession at F'ort Smith, under the able prc- 
ceptorship of Thomas H. Barnes, in partnership with whom he enjoyed a 
large and lucrative practice for several years, mostly in the federal court 
for the Western district of Arkansas. He was assistant Ignited States 
district attorney under W. H. H. Clayton for several years. In 1896, in 
which year the old Indian Territory jurisdiction was taken from the 
federal court at Fort Smith, Mr. Mellette removed to Vinita. Oklahoma. 
Subsequently he was appointed United States district attorney for tlio 
federal court of the Indian Territory and this position took him to Mus- 
kogee, where he continued to reside until called to the Great Beyond. He 
was incumbent of the latter position for a period of nine years, durmg 
which time he served to the best of his ability, giving the utmost satis- 
faction to all parties concerned. His was a conspicuously successful career. 
Endowed by nature with high intellectual qualities, to which were added 
the discipline and embellishment of culture, his was a most attractive 
personality. Well versed in the learning of his profession, and with a 
deep knowledge of human nature and the springs of human conduct, with 
great shrewdness and sagacity and extraordinary tact, he was in the courts 
an advocate of great power and influence. Both judges and juries always 
heard him with attention and deep interest. Luther C. Mellette was 
called to eternal rest at Fort Smith, and his wife passed away in Los 
Angeles, California. 

Mrs. Barnes received her preliminary educational training in the 
public schools of Illinois and in those of Fort Smith and through her deep 
and intelligent interest in all matters pertainiqg to her husband's business 
and in current affairs she has developed splendid mental attainments. At 
Fort Smith, in 1874, was solemnized her marriage to Mr. Barnes and 
to this union were born four daughters and one son, — Mrs. Elizabeth 
Eads. Mrs. Adelyn Bushnell, Mrs. Maude Miller, Miss Katherine Barnes, 
and Thomas H. Barnes, Jr., who died at the age of three years. 

Thomas H. Barnes, who died at his home in Fort Smith, on the 13th 
of April, 1898, was born in Estill county, Kentucky, in 1842 and he was 
a son of Colonel Sidney M. and Elizabeth (Mize) Barnes, both of whom 
are deceased. Sidney M. Barnes was likewise born in Estill county, the 
date of his nativity having been May 10, 1821. He was a lawyer by pro- 
fession, having been admitted to the Kentucky bar at the age of twenty- 
one years. At tlie age of twenty-five years he was elected to represent 




^ZZ-'L^^ZJ^. 



HISTORY OF ARKA^^SAS 1291 

Estill count}' in the Kentucky state legislature as a Whig. He eu- 
thusiasticall}' and determinedly espoused the Union cause at the outbreak 
of the Civil war. Prior to the inception of that sanguinary struggle he, 
in company with Judge John M. Harlan, who later became one of the 
judges of the United States supreme court, made speeches throughout the 
Bluegrass commonwealth in opposition to secession. As soon as the war 
started he recruited and organized a regiment of twelve hundred men, 
which became known as the Eighth Kentucky Infantry, of which he was 
made colonel. He participated in many of the battles of the army of 
the Cumberland, including Chickamauga and Lookout Mountain, in each 
of which he commanded a brigade. His regiment, the Eighth Kentucky, 
was the first to plant the Union flag on Lookout Mountain. Originally 
a Whig, Sidney M. Barnes became a stanch advocate of the principles and 
policies of the Republican party at the time of its organization and in 
1868 he was the Republican nominee for the office of governor of Ken- 
tucky. In February, 1871, he located at Little Rock, Arkansas, where he 
entered upon the practice of law in partnership with M. W. Benjamin. 
In 1874 Mr. Barnes was a member of the state constitutional convention 
and in 1879 he was appointed United States district attorney, by President 
Hayes, for the Territoiy of New Mexico, where he resided for a number 
of years. Late in life he removed to Carthage, Missouri, where his death 
occurred on the 19th of May, 1890. He was survived by two sons, — 
Thomas H. Barnes and James Kent Barnes. 

Thomas H. Barnes was indebted to the public schools of his native 
county for his early educational training, that discipline having been later 
effectively supplemented by a course of study at Center College, Danville, 
Kentucky. When the dark cloud of the Civil war obscured the national 
horizon he, like his father, became a sympathizer with the Union cause 
and he enlisted as a soldier in the Forty-so\-enth Kentucky Volunteer In- 
fantry. He saw active service in many important conflicts marking the 
progress of the war and after the close of the Rebellion, he began the 
study of law in his father's office. He was admitted to the bar and in 
1871 accompanied his father on his removal to Arkansas. He, however, 
did not locate at Little Rock, but proceeded directly to Fort Smith, 
where he established a permanent home and inaugurated the practice 
of law. He was a particularly able and versatile lawyer. For four 
years he was incumbent of the office of L^nited States district attor- 
ney for the Western district of Arkansas, which position he held at the 
time of his death, but most of his success and distinction as a lawyer 
came from his individual clientage, his work being largely in the federal 
court at Fort Smith. For a number of years he was a law partner of 
the late Colonel E. C. Boudinot. During the memorable years that Fort 
Smith was the federal court headquarters for the Indian territory and 
a large stretch of country beyond, Mr. Barnes' practice in this court was 
veiy large, often keeping him busy day and night for months at a time. 
The amoiint of work he accomplished was at times prodigious, but, possess- 
ing a fine mental and physical equipment, he was always equal to a 
successful completion of the tasks that came to him. His figure looms 
large in Fort Smith's historic federal court period. He was one of the 
coterie of high-minded lawyers who loved their profession in its noblest 
traditions and never deviated from a high ethical standard. An orator 
of power, a keen lawyer, an acute logician, and withal a student of men, 
possessing a rare insight into their natures, Mr. Barnes was, indeed, a man 
of fine legal ability. He ever commanded the most loyal admiration and 
respect of his fellow practitioners and as a citizen his conduct was at 
all times irreproachable. He was affiliated with a number of professional 



1292 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

and fraternal organizations of representative character. Mr. Barnes' death, 
on the 13th of April, 1898, was deeply mourned by a large circle of 
friends and acquaintances throughout Fort Smith and Sebastian county 
and it is conceded that no one ever manifested a more sincere and helpful 
interest in the good of the general welfare than did he. 

Dr. Maskki^l Curwen Karr. One of the most promising young 
men in Little Rock, Arkansas, is Dr. Maskell Curwen Karr, the physi- 
cian who has recently established himself in the practice of the medical 
profession in this city. A professional man, and above all a physician, 
may always be looked upon as making more or less a sacrifice of himself 
to aid humanity and the cau.se of science. He receives less monetary 
returns for his work than a business man and yet as a general thing he 
has expended much more time and money in preparation for his career 
than the business man. The physician who looks upon his profession 
as a means of livelihood is an utter failure. Monetary considerations 
had very little to do with Dr. Karr's choice of a profession. 

Born among us, in Little Rock, in Xdvciiiln r. 1SS3, many of us re- 
member his father, John KaiT. who died Xi)\(iiilicr 24, 1894. John 
Karr was born near Cleves, Whitewash township. Hamilton count}', 
Ohio, in 1835. He was cdiicitcd in (tliio, studying law in the Cincinnati 
Law School, from whirh hr -i ;iilii:,t,'(i in the class of 1859. Prior to this 
law course he had laujlit m-IiudI. luiiinning when he was but eighteen 
years of age. In the eariy part of the war he founded and was editor 
of the Ohio Republic at Cincinnati, this paper being largely devoted to 
promiilgating the principles of the Union. During the war, by appoint- 
ment of Governor Brough, he was state military claim agent. Mr. Karr 
was the founder of the Cincinnati Star, which began publication in 1867 
and which later was combined with the Times under the name of the 
Times-Star, and in which Mr. Karr was in partnership with Charles P. 
Taft, the present owner of this paper, Mr. Karr having sold out his 
interest in the paper to Mr. Taft in October, 1877. In that year Mr. 
Karr came to Little Rock and practiced law in this city until 1883, when 
he returned to journalism and founded and was the editor of the Rural 
Workman, an agricultural paper. His plant burned in 1889, and in 
that same year he was appointed by President Harrison to the posi- 
tion of state stati.stician for the agricultural department. In addition 
to this he was corresponding secretary for the State Agricultural So- 
ciety. Abotit 1880 he had established a fine fruit farm adjoining Little 
Rock on the west and adjoining the present location of the Country- 
Club, this farm being his home for the rest of his life. In his later 
years he took great interest in agriculture and horticulture in addition 
to the literary W'Ork towards which he had always been strongly drawn. 
In his early life in Cincinnati he was a member of the Cincinnati 
Literary Club, which numbered among its members such men as Hayes, 
Garfield and other ^^ell known characters. He was a Republican in 
politics, being a vei-y influential member of the party. He was a man 
whose loss was deeply felt not only by his family and his friends but 
by the whole county. He had married Fannie Hughes, a lady who was 
born in the same county and township as he, both of the families being 
of early pioneer stock in Hamilton county. Her crrandfather, Ezekiel 
Hughes, bought the first tract of land ever sold west of the Great 
Miami. Mrs. Karr is still living in Little Rock, where she is loved and 
respected not only for the sake of her husband, but on account of her 
own sweet, gracious personality. 

Her son. Maskell Curwen. received his education in T,ittle Rock 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1293 

and in Cincinnati ; in tlie latter city lie was graduated from the Hughes 
High School in 1902, after which he studied medicine in the Eclectic 
Medical Institute of Cincinnati, graduating therefrom in the class of 
l'J09. After spending one year as interne in Seton Hospital of Cin- 
cinnati, he established himself in the practice of his profession in Little 
Rock, where he has already a number of patients, each one of whom 
has become his staunch friend and supporter. Dr. Karr is one of the 
progressive physicians who believe in nature's remedies wherever prac- 
ticable. He has the entliusiasm of youth combined with the knowledge 
that generally comes with more mature years. Dr. Karr's personality 
is such that he is very popular, not only professionallj^ but socially. He 
has a great future before him in Little Rock. 

Richard H. Thompson. The city of Little Rock is particularly 
blessed by the fine citizenship of its younger generation, and prominent 
among those young men wdio contribute by their ability and stanch 
character to its high standing among Southwestern cities is Richard H. 
Thompson, assistant cashier of the Exchange National Bank. Mr. 
Thompson was born in Little Rock and here has passed his entire life, 
his love of its institutions being of the most loyal character. The 
Thompsons have been identified with Little Rock since within a very 
short time after the Civil war, the first of the family to come to the 
city having been the subject's father, Andrew J. Thompson, and both 
father and son have always been identified with some financial institution. 

Mr. Thompson of this review w'as born in Little Rock on the 18th 
day of May, 1872, his parents being Andrew J. and Emily (Hubbard) 
Thompson. The former was born in Somerset county. New Jersey, in 
1844, and was there reared and educated. His boyhood was passed in 
that serious and thoughtful time when the Nation was going down into 
the "Valley of Decision" and when the great question, "Shall the 
Nation livel" which had so long pressed for settlement was about to 
be tried out. He was still in school when the war came on and at the 
age of nineteen years he joined the Union army and served throughout 
the conflict. Soon after the return of peace Andrew J. Thompson came 
to Little Rock and took charge of the savings bank which had been 
established in this city by the Freedman's Bureau, and was known as 
the Freedman's Savings Bank. It was located on the southeast corner 
of Louisiana and Markham streets, in the building which later was 
known as the Mutual Life Building. In 1878 Mr. Thompson became 
identified with the German Savinas Bank (now the German National 
Bank), this being the oldest monetary institution in the city. He was 
at first assistant cashier and later vice-president of that bank, being 
actively identified with its management until 1883, when, in association 
with a number of others, he organized a new street railway company in 
Little Rock and built several miles of street railway operated with horse 
cars. His company eventually bought out the old street railway line 
and the two were then operated as one sy.stem. this continuing till the 
purchase of the line by outside capitalists, who changed it into an 
electric line. In February, 1887, Mr. Thompson went to Pine Bluff, 
where he assisted in organizing and took charge of a new bank in that 
city. His career was unfortunately cut short by his death at the zenith 
of'his usefulness as a busine.ss man and citizen. He is remembered 
by all as a man of the finest type and his death was universally re- 
gretted. He was particularly able and efficient as a banker and ever 
possessed the confidence of the business world. He was a prominent 
Mason and Knight Templar, being grand commander of the Arkansas 
Knifjbts. 'Mrs. Thompson, who survives her husband and makes her 



1294 HISTORY OF AEKAxVSAS 

residence at Little Rock, was born in Henry county, Indiana, her father 
beiug Richard Hubbard. She came to Little Rock when a girl and 
taught a school for the negro children that was conducted under the 
auspices of the Freedman's Bureau of the government, the Hubbards, 
like the Thompsons, being people of strong emancipation sentiment. 

Richard H. Thompson was reared and educated in Little Rock, and 
has been engaged in banking since he became eighteen years of age. 
At that age he accepted a position with the old First National Bank, 
with which institution he was connected for three years. He then be- 
came associated with the old Citizens Bank, which was later merged into 
the Exchange National, and continued with that for four years. In 
1898 he engaged with the German National Bank and was with that 
bank continuously until June, 1911, during the latter period of which 
he held the position of assistant cashier. In June, 1911. he took the 
position of assistant cashier of the E.xehange National Bank, his present 
position. 

Mr. Thompson contracted a happy marriage when on th<- Kith day 
of jMareh, 1898. Miss Susie Wiegel. daughter of Lewis Wiegel, became 
his bride, their iinion being celebrated in Little Rock. They have three 
children, namely: Riehai-d H., Jr., Lewis Andrew and Frank Earle, 
and their home is an abode of culture and charm. 



Gjiui!GK Akj[.stkuxg Leipkk, the president of Leiper & Company, 
wholesale and retail dealers in lime, cement, sewer pipe, tiling, brick, etc., 
is the originator and guiding spirit of one of the important enterprit^es 
that contribute materially to the industrial and commercial prestige of 
the city, and both as a biisinoss man and a citizen of high ideals is well 
entitled to consideration in this historical compilation. Mr. Leiper is 
a Southerner, his birth hn\ing oceurrod at Nashville, Teniiei^sce. cm the 
9th day of IMavch. IS.".:., and !n< parents being George A. and Mavy 
(Spence) Leiper. 

Mr. Leiper was reai'ed and educated in Nashville and came to Little 
Rock in young manhood, the date of his arrival in the city being Janu- 
ai-y 5, 1884. This change of residence was to take the position of man- 
ager for the lessees of the Arkansas State Penitentiary, which he filled 
until 1888. He then returned to Na.shville for a year, coming back to 
Little Rock at the end of the twelve months and resuming his former 
position, which he held until 1893. The year mentioned marked his 
advent into the industrial world, for he then established a brick manu- 
facturing plant, which he successfully conducted here for a period of 
about ten years. In 1900 he established the present business of G. A. 
Leiper & Companv. wholesale and retail dealers in lime, portland cement 
and other building materials in that line, together with sewer pipe 
and various other kinds of pipe, tile, fire clay, fire brick, sand and the 
like. Tie has experienced success and this has been but the logical result 
of sood .iudgment. fine executive capacity, enterprise and high prin- 
ciples. He is extremely public spirited and has done much to advance 
all those causes likelv to result in benefit to the whole of society. He is 
a charter member of the Quapaw Club and of the Coimtry Club and is 
affiliated with various other organizations. 

On the 20th day of April, 1885. Mr. Leiper was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Florence Caruthers. of Mempliis. Tenuossee. (hnighter of 
the'^late Captain J. S. Canitlicrs. a disHngni^^hed Confederate soldier 
and representative of an t.ld time Southern family. They share their 



IIISTOEY OF ARKANSAS 1295 

chatming and cultured home with six sons and daughters, namely: 
Brent Spence, Florence, Mary, George A., Jr., Frances and Ellen. 

The subject's uncle, Philip Brent Spence, for whom his eldest son 
is named, was commander in what is said to have been quite the last 
engagement of the Civil war. This gentleman now resides in Nashville. 
The following account of the affair referred to and the achievements of 
the distinguished officer recentlv appeared in a publication of Little 
Eock : 

"Colonel Spence entered the • Confederate service as a lieutenant 
and by meritorious service rose to the rank of colonel commanding, and 
is said to have been in command of the Confedei-ate rear guard in the 
last engagement of the war at Four Mile creek, near Whistler, Alabama, 
April 12, 1865. This distinguished cavalrj- leader was born on the 
Charlotte road a few miles from Nashville, near the Leiper plantation, 
and came of pioneer stock, his father. Brent Spence, having emigrated 
from Belfast, Ireland, and settled in Davidson county, Tennessee, in 
1810. His mother was Elizabeth Shute, daughter of John Shute, one 
of the earliest pioneers. Colonel Spence was a student at Princeton 
College when the war broke out, and he left to enlist in the Confederate 
army. He was commissioned a lieutenant April 14, 1861, and reported 
in June to iMa.jor General, afterward Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk 
at Mempliis, with whom he served as assistant inspector general until 
after the battle of Chickamauga. He was promoted several times for 
meritorious service in the provisional army. Colonel Spence later was 
placed in command of the Sixteenth Confederate Cavalry regiment and 
took part in the battles of Belmont. Perryville. Shiloh, Corinth, Mur- 
freesboro. Chickamauga, the Atlanta Campaign and minor engagements 
in Georgia, Alabama and around Mobile. In his official report of the 
Mobile campaign. General Dabney H. Maury said. 'Canby was moving 
with 60,000 soldiers and Farrugut's fleet to attack 8,000 ill-appointed 
Confederates and capture them. * * * It is true Colonel Spence 
handled his men with excellent skill and courage, for he made 60,000 
Federals move very circumspectly every day and entrench themselves 
every night against them, and here I will say Colonel Spence was one 
of the most efficient and comfortable outpost commanders I ever had to 
deal with. He always took what was given him and made the most of 
it. He was devoted, active, brave and modest, and did his duty to the 
very last day of our existence as an army.' 

"In 'Destruction and Reconstruction' by Lieutenant General Rich- 
ard Taylor, is the following statement about the retreat from Mobile : 
'During the movement from Mobile toward Meridian occurred the last 
engagement of the Civil war in a cavalry affair between the Federal 
advance and our rear guard under Colonel Spence.' 

"Colonel Spence married in Kentucky after the war and made his 
home at Newport, Kentucky. He was postmaster of Newport during 
Cleveland's first administration, and was United States consul at Quebec. 
Canada, under President Cleveland's second administration. About ten 
years ago he removed to Nashville, Tennessee, where he is .still living, 
at a ripe old age." 

George E. Cockmon is a well-known citizen of Little Rock, being 
prominent in real e.state circles and very active in the promotion of 
Arkansas lands and in agricultural and horticultural development. 
He firmly believes in the future of this part of the Southwest and has 
assisted materially in its development. His operations include a wide 
variety of properties, including \nrnv and small jilantations, pine lands. 



1296 HISTORY OF AKKAXSAS 

cut over lands, hardwood lands; phosphate, coal, marble, granite and 
mineral lands; apple, peach and berry farms; stock, dairy and poultry 
farms. Mr. Cockmon's firm is thoroughly conversant with every acre 
of land in the state as to topography and the productive qualities of the 
soil, and have associated with them an eminent authority in the person 
of R. A. Campbell, the veteran expert land and timber man of Arkansas, 
who has had twenty-five years' experience in cruising and estimating 
lands, this gentleman having sole charge of the laud, farm and timber 
department. 

George E. Cockmon is a native of Saline county, Arkansas, where 
his birth occurred on the 25th day of May, 1872. His father was the 
late W. S. Cockmon, who was born in North Carolina and came to 
Arkansas in 1856, settling in what was then a portion of Pulaski county, 
but which by subsequent cutting off became a part of Saline county. 
He enlisted in the Confederate army in Pulaski county at the breaking 
out of the war between the states and served throughout the conflict 
as a member of the Third Arkansas Infantry. He was a farmer by 
occupation and was a man highly respected in his community. 

Mr. Cockmon of this review was born and reared upon the farm, 
but he has not had much personal experience with the great basic 
industry, for while still a young boy he moved to Little Rock and 
attended school in this city, his residence here dating from the year 
1888. His first position of importance was as a carrier in the postofiSce, 
and his service in this capacity extended over a period of six years 
under Postmasters James Mitchell and W. S. Holt. Since 1902 he has 
been actively engaged in the real estate business and he has met abund- 
ant success in this field, being one of the most prominent real estate 
men in the city. In 1911 he enlarged the scope of his business, reorgan- 
izing it on a more extensive scale and operating under the firm name of 
George E. Cockmon & Company, with offices at 219 West Markham street. 
He is taking an active and very definite part in the great new movement 
which is rapidh' bringing Arkansas to the front and developing its 
rich natural resources. He is essentially public-spirited and the friend 
of good government and progress. 

Mr. Cockmon married in 1892 Miss Annie Dighl, of Little Rock. 
They have one child, a daughter Claudia. Mr. Cockmon is a member 
of the Modern Woodmen of America and of tlie Letter Carriers" Associ- 
ation. 

Judge John \V. Blaiikwood is one of the most jtrdininent and able 
members of the bench and bar of Little Rock. He is a lawyer of the 
highest attainments, has acted as special .iudge in both the Circuit and 
State Supreme Court, while as a lawyer he represents corporations of 
importance and other business interests. He is fortunate in po.ssessing 
a most excellent legal mind. He gets at the heart of a question and, 
discovering quickly the underlying principles of law, states his conclu- 
sions in clear, terse English. Tjittle Rock pos.sesses a legal fraternity of 
high prestige, and it is to such men as tb.' subject that tliis trratifyintr 
fact is due. 

Judge Blackwood is a native son of tl;c state, his liirth having 
occurred at Old Austin, in Lonoke county, on the 16th day of July, 
1855. His family is one which has been identified with the state for 
over half a century, his father, John Blackwood, a native of North 
Carolina, having left Ihat connuonwealth .some years previous to the 
Civil war. coming t(^ Arkansas and settling in Lonoke county. This 
step was laken in tlie year IS,");'). The elder uentlenian was a man of no 



HISTORY OF x\RKAN,SAS l-29r 

small influeuee in the community in which his interests were centered. 
The subject's mother previous to her marriage was Nehedabell Swain, 
and she was born in North Carolina. The Blackwood family is of 
Welsh origin, and was founded in Amei'ica in the Colonial period. 

It is to the glory of American institutions and American oppor- 
tunity that Judge Blackwood, although one of the distinguished law- 
yers of the state, is practically self-educated. He passed his boyhood 
and youth in what is now Lonoke county and received his elementary 
education in the public schools. Having come to the conclusion to adopt 
the law as his profession, he attacked his Blackstone with valor and 
finished his preparation in the law class in Little Rock in 1879, under 
the direct tuteledge of Colonel Sam W. Williams. He was admitted to 
the bar in Little Rock in 1879 and began practicing his profession in 
that year in Liittle Rock, which has ever since been the field of his 
activities. He formed a partnership with his old college mate, J. E. 
Williams, which continued for twenty-eight years. He met with recog- 
nition and success and after a career of thirty active years he is known 
over a wide area. 

On the 12th day of January, 1887, Judge Blackwood was married 
at Windsor, Canada, his chosen lady being Miss Georgie 0. Waters, a 
native of Canada and a daughter of Thomas Waters. Judge and Mrs. 
Blackwood share their charming and hospitable home with one son, 
Gordon F. Blackwood. 

Charles A. Waddell. The office of county surveyor of Greene 
county is the particular field of usefulness in which are engaged the 
energies of Charles E. Waddell. He has served since 1904, having 
been three times re-elected, and this fact is sufficient in itself to show 
how well he has performed its duties and is an eloquent tribute to his 
worth and capacity. Possessed of all the requirements of the position, 
he has discharged the duti&s of the office in a manner to satisfy in 
every way the people of the district. 

Mr. Waddell has resided in Greene county for more than a score 
of years, the date of his first identification with it being 1889. In that 
year he came to the state from Lamar county, Alabama, where his birth 
took place January 6, 1861. His father, Je.sse Waddell, was a native 
of North Carolina, whose birth occurred about the year 1817. He 
removed to Alabama in early life, gave signal pi'oof of his loyalty to the 
sentiments of his section as a Confederate soldier at the time of the 
Civil war, and died as he had lived, on the farm, the year of his demise 
being 1867. He married Martha E. Fleming, who still occupies the 
homestead upon which she reared her children, this venerable lady 
being .seventy-six years of age. Mr. Waddell's brothei's and sistere, 
Mary F., wife of John Holly; Eliza, wife of James Colvin; Robert W. 
and Jesise, all reside in the vicinity of Kennedy, Alabama. 

Cluirles E. Waddell secured his education in the common schools, 
and wlien it came to taking his role in the workaday world it was in the 
first place as a farmer. However, when he came to Arkansas he engaged 
in teaching in the common schools and he spent .several years in the 
work. The long vacation and "short" salary of the teacher in the rural 
schools gave little encouragement to an ambitious man and he abandoned 
the pedagogical profession to become a real estate broker. This new 
field of endeavor brought his into close touch with the county records 
and with the force having in charge the surveying of lands with which 
he was dealing. He was induced to stand for the office of surveyor in 
1904 and was named as the candidate of the Democratic party that year 



]-il'8 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

and was elected. He has been three times re-elected and his adminis- 
tration lias handled the drainage surveys of Greene county, comprising 
one hundred and twenty-five miles of ditch and rendei-ing useful some 
three hundred thousand acres of swamp lands. His intei-est in real 
estate continues in an incidental way and his financial connections with 
the county comprise a' few investments in line with the vocation he 
follows. 

In a social and fraternal way Mr. Waddell is a Mason and an Odd 
Fellow, belonging to the Blue Lodge and Chapter of Paragould in the 
time-honored Masonic order, of whose good principles he is a true 
exemplar, and belonging to Camp No. 237, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. He also belongs to the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
Mr. Waddell is unmarried. 

•James Kent Baunes was born at Irving. Estill county. Kentucky. 
He was the son of Sydney M. Barnes, an eminent lawyer of that state, 
who, as a Republican, was a most prominent factor in its polities, and 
was identified with its war history. In 1871, James K. Barnes removed 
from Lancaster, Kentucky, where he had studied law under the widely 
known Judge Allen Burton, to Little Rock, where he continued his legal 
studies under his father until he was admitted to the bar. He at once 
sprang into prominence as a lawyer and was elected city attorney. His 
election to that office was a marked tribute paid to his known legal 
ability. At the expiration of his term of office he married Miss Mary 
Yonley, of Quaker descent, daughter of Samuel H. Yonley, of Virginia, 
and a niece of the late Judge T. D. W. Yonley, who served with distinc- 
tion as chancellor and chief jiistice of the state of Arkansas. Miss Yon- 
ley stood high in the favor of the community because of her beauty, in- 
telligence and graces of heart and manner. Shortly after his marriage Mr. 
Barnes and his wife took up their residence in Fort Smith, then a center 
of legal turmoil, because of the lawlessness in the adjacent Indian Ter- 
ritory, and the former entered upon the practice of the law principally 
in the Federal court, before which were tried many noted cases in which 
Mr. Barnes appeared either as leading or associate counsel. His success 
caused him to become widely known and sought after within the juris- 
diction of that court. 

Upon his arrival in Fort Smith Mr. Barnes almost at once took 
very active interest in municipal affairs, and became one of the recog- 
nized leaders of the Republican party, an honor he retained up to a short 
time before his death, he eschewing politics. His distinctiveness in public 
spirit, his initiative, and diversified abilities made him a factor in mu- 
nicipal affairs. Although a Republican and active in the interests of 
his party, he served several terms in a Democratic body, namely, the city 
council. As an alderman he very materially accentuated the public spirit 
of the community. Many suggestions made by him and which he stren- 
uously advocated, but which failed to find favor with a majority of his 
colleagues, were adopted years afterwards by succeeding bodies, and were 
an evidence of his foresight and soundness of judgment. His activity as 
a Republican and his finesse as a politician, made of him a member of 
the State Republican Central Committee, and he remained a leader in 
that organization for many years. He was a member of the Xational Re- 
publican Convention in 1880 and enjoyed the distinction of being one 
of the famous "'306. " He was appointed postmaster by President Arthur 
and was reappointed by Presidents Harrison nml McKiiilcy because of his 
splendid service. He only served one year of ilir M( l\iiili>y term, resign- 
ing to accept the appointment of United Stale- l»i-iri(t .Utoruey of the 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS Vi99 

Western District of Arkansas to which he was reappointed by President 
Roosevelt and which he held at the time of his death which occurred 
February 10, 1909. The above enumeration of honors is palpable proof 
of his worth as a public servant in high places. His death ended a career 
of public service in one form or another, covering a period of more than 
a quarter of a century. Fraternally he was a Mason and a Knight of 
Pythias. 

James K. Barnes was a man of well rounded individuality and 
equability of mind. He lived under the Golden Rule. He spoke"^ noth- 
ing but good of his enemies. To give every man the meed of praise to 
which he was entitled and speak in no way of his faults was characteristic 
of him. James Kent Barnes, as a lawyer and a public official, was essen- 
tially a man of details and to that trait was due in great part his success. 
He reasoned instead of jumping to conclusions. As a practicing attorney 
and United States district attornej', he always went to trial with his cases 
well prepared, fortified by both law and evidence. He never sought con- 
viction when he doubted the justness of a conviction. He took no unfair 
advantage of the defendant, through technicalities, in the interest of the 
government. In the trial of his cases he seldom went amiss. He per- 
formed his duty as he saw it, unhampered by the influence of friends or 
the fear or enemies. He was not commercial in his aspirations. He was 
implacable when the evidence before him demonstrated guilt. He made 
no bid for glory. His close application to his duties as United States 
district attorney, laid the foundation of the illness which caused his 
death. 

As an individual James K. Barnes was a jolly good fellow. Bright 
and witty of speech he was very companionable and added greatly to the 
pleasure of the social occasion. He was essentially domestic in his nature 
and his home life was ideal. His married life was in all respects the 
fruition of his early hopes and he highly prized the companionship of 
his wife. The devotion of the couple to the interests of one another was 
a subject of complimentary comment on all sides. James Kent Barnes 
snugly filled a large niche in the ecoriomy of life. He lived his life with 
his face to the sun. 

The beloved widow of Mr. Barnes stands as admirable an example 
of useful and honorable womanhood as was her husband of manhood. She 
was bom and educated in Winchester, Virginia, and is descended from 
one of the notable families of that state. She received an excellent edu- 
cation, attending the Dunbar Institute and the Angerone School, of Win- 
chester. Her parents eventually removed to Little Rock and it was there 
that she met and married Mr. Barnes. Mrs. Barnes is gifted as an artist, 
particularly in oils, and her charming home, which has long been the 
center of gracious hospitality, is adorned with highly commended products 
of her brush. She has for some years been a prominent figure in the 
enlightened work of the Arkansas Federation of Women's Clubs, and she 
has served as second and first vice-presidents of the Federation. She also 
organized and is president of the Sebastian County Historical Society. 

Samuel B. Bradburn is one of the prominent and highly respected 
citizens of the locality and is general manager of the Paragoukl Handle 
& Manufacturing Company, whose continual progress and present stand- 
ing is largely credited to the experience, executive ability and tii-eless 
energy of this gentleman. ^Ir. TJradburn, who has been a resident of 
this locality since 1899, came hither from Union county, KentiTcky, 
when- has wns Ixirn Nnvoniber 10, 186^. While approaching manhood 



1300 HISTOIIY OF AKKANSAS 

he received a limited education in the rural schools and himself spent 
a lew years engaged in the great basic industry. 

However, Mr. Bradburn soon began to look about him for a business 
which promised faster returns than the farm, and he soon established 
himself in the grain business at Sturgis, Kentucky. He carried on 
this business as an actual dealer and as a .speculator, as well, but at the 
end of seven years he took stock of his resoui-ees and found that he was 
without capital further to indulge his penchant for .speculation and 
accordingly he left his old haunts to "beg-in anew." 

According to Mr. Bradburn 's views, Arkansas appeai'ed a promis- 
ing place for industry properly applied and lie accordingly located at 
Paragould, with the modest sum of seventy-five dollars as a nucleus of 
yet unmade fortunes. He concluded to engage in the milling business 
and erected a little "coffee-pot" in which he began getting out spoke.s. 
His eight horse power boiler and engine made hickoiy into salable 
articles surprisingly fast and the profits therefrom enabled the owner 
to expand the mill and increase the output. In 1905 he sold an inter- 
est in the plant to the Keller & Tamm Manufacturing Company of St. 
Louis, and the factory was chartered with a paid-up capital of ten 
thousand dollars. P. C. Scott is president of the company; Theodore 
Loahman is vice-president ; and Mr. Bradburn is secretary and treasurer. 
The capacity of the plant is large indeed, consisting daily of nine thou- 
sand wagon spokes, two thousand single trees and four thousand handles, 
and gives emploj-ment to thirty-five men about the mill, while an equal 
number are engaged in the foi^est getting out raw material. The greater 
part of the product of the concern is intended for domestic consump- 
tion, ^illlKiii-li lli-rr ,iit' ;i fi \\- f(ii'('iL;n I'oi'i-cspondents. 

Ill -l.inriii- .11 ili( rml.r.iis i.r SiiMiiK-l B. Bradburn, we find that 
tlie f:illi( !■ wiis -liiliii \V. ISiMdliiiiii. ami that he was born in Kentucky 
in 1^24, and passi-d tlic -icaicr.part of liis useful life in Union county, 
that state. The liiainlLnlui , .Johnson Bradburn, was one of the many 
Virginians who eiiii'.ii ahd in the Blue Grass state, where he lived and 
died a farmer. The suhjecl s mother was Martha "Wallace, who died 
in 1889, at the age of seventy years, her honored husband surviving her 
for two years. The issue of their union were as follows : James J., of 
Sturgis, Kentucky; Florence, wife of W. P. Woodard, of Paragould, 
Arkansas; Benjamin, who died at Fort Worth. Texas: and Samuel B., 
of this reviev/. 

Mr. Bradburn contracted a particularly happy marriage when in 
March, 1889, he was united in his native county to Miss Carrie B. 
Farmer, a daughter of William Farmer, who went there from Indiana. 
Mrs. Bradliiiin was niie of a family of six children and she and Mr. 
Bradburn air ih, |.ai.iils of an interesting quartet of children, namely: 
Curry, Jesse. Miss S.miinie and Lorain. 

Mr. Bradburn is a Democrat by inheritance as well as by personal 
conviction and in his religious faith is a Baptist. He is an Odd Fellow^ 
and a "Workman" and he has contributed to the development of 
Paragould by the erection of an excellent residence at No. 331 Poplar 
street. His business interests are such as to give him little leisure for 
other matters, but he is swayed in all his dealings by the finest ideals of 
good citizenship. 

l^KKKY E. H()i;sK. Standing eon.spieious among the active, pros- 
perous and progressive business men of Paragould is Perry E. House, 
who is not only identified with the milling, grain and feed interests of 
this lively little city, but is an extensive dealei- in cement and plaster. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1301 

and takes contracts in concrete work, being senior member of the firm 
of House & Meiser, which has achieved a distinct and positive place 
among the permanent concerns of Greene county. He was born Janu- 
ary 11, 1866, in Crawford county, Indiana, which was likewise the 
birthplace of his father, John F. House. His grandfather, John House, 
was born in Virginia, where his immigrant ancestor settled in early 
Colonial days, coming to Ajnerica from Germany. Subsequently mi- 
grating to Crav.^fnrd county, Indiana, he improved a farm from the 
wilderness, and there reared his children, bringing them up to habits 
of industry and thrift. Some of his sons subsequently demonstrated 
their patriotism l)y sei-ving as soldiers in the Union army during the 
Civil war. 

John F. ILni^c \\;is li(irn in 1839, and has followed general farming 
throughout his (iiin. Iilr. He married Nancy Byrum, and into the 
household thus isiiilili.^hcl twelve children were born. 

As a country hid born and bred, the youthful life of Perry E. 
House was devoted to the multifarious employments of the farm, while 
the district school provided him with his education. Leaving the pa- 
rental roof-tree on achieving his ma.jority, he was for three years em- 
ployed as salesman in a store in the near-by town of Marengo. Com- 
ing to Greene county, Ai-kansas, Mi'. House secured a position as book- 
keeper of the Paragould Roller Mills. In 1901, after the destruction 
of the original mill by fire, Mr. House engaged in the milling business 
on his own account, and in 1903 was joined by his present partner, Mr. 
Meiser, the firm name being House & Meiser. The products from the 
mill of this enterprising firm arc largely consumed in and around Para- 
gould, and it also furni.shes a small market for corn hei-e grown and 
converted into meal and chop. The stock of lime, cement and plaster 
kept on hand by Messrs. House and Meiser enters prominently into the 
building going on in Greene county, while a portion of it is consumed 
by the numerous contracts in concrete or other plastic work which the 
firm executes. 

Always maintaining himiself ready to perform tlie duty of a 
thoroughly loyal and public-spirited citizen, Mr. House takes his poli- 
tics in Democratic doses, and has for some time represented the First 
Ward in the City Council. As a public official he aided in the estab- 
lishment of the Paragould Water Works system and in the planning and 
installing of the sewer system, two important factors in the estimate of 
a modern town. Fraternally he is a member of the Ancient Free and 
Accepted Order of Masons and of ttic 1i.iicvnli>iit niiil Protective Order 
of Elks. He has been associated with llic iiphnililiiii^ nf the town, being 
responsible for the erection of a busimss house ami df his own commodi- 
ous residence at the corner of Garland and Third streets. 

Mr. House married, March 7, 1894, Hattie Nash, a daughter of 
John 0. Nash, who came to Paragould from Crawford county, Indi- 
ana. Her father liad been married prior to his union with Mrs. Nash, 
and had children by his first wife. Mr. and Mrs. House have one child, 
a daughter named Ruth. 

Charles A. R.uth. A man of tireless energy, in the prime of a 
vigorous manhood, Charles A. Raith is actively identified with the 
growth and advancement of one of the leading industries of Paragould, 
being secretary of the Henry Wrape Company, manufacturers of light 
barrel staves and circled heading. He was horn February 25, 1852, in 
Saint Louis, Missouri, where he was bred and educated. His father, 
Julius Raith, was born near Suttgardt, Germany, in 1817, where in 



1302 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

addition to acquiring a liberal education lie learned the trade of a 
millwright. When a young man he came to Saint Clair coiinty, Illi- 
nois, with his parents, who settled on a farm in that county, and there 
spent their remaining days. About 1849 he migrated still further west- 
ward, locating in Saint Louis, Missouri, and was there busily employed 
as a mill and factory builder for many years. He was living there 
when the tocsin of war resounded throughout our land, and it was 
largely through his loyal patriotism, which influenced the Gei-man citi- 
zenship of that city, that saved it and posisibly the state of Missouri 
from becoming Confederate territory. When the Civil war really broke 
out, Julius Raith was commissioned colonel of the Forty-third Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry, and was killed in April, 1862, at the battle of 
Pittsburg Landing. He married Elizabeth Hugh&s, an American lady, 
who died in 1857, leaving two children, namely: Edwin, a miller by 
trade, died at Trenton, Illinois, in 1909; and Charles A. 

Charles A. Raith grew up from childhood in the home of his uncle, 
Dr. Adolph Reuss, and from his environment after he was ten years 
old became proficient in the German language. He attended the Chris- 
tian Brolliei-s College several terms, subsequently being graduated from 
a commercial college in Saint Louis, Mo. Beginning his active career 
as a clerk, he did ofifice work in that city until 1889, when he first made 
his advent in Arkansas. Stopping first at Saint Francis, Mr. Raith 
kept books for a time in a large saw mill, and when he fell in with the 
Wrape people he had acquired some of the experience and equipment 
required for a practical man of affairs. Subsequently resigning his 
position as book-keeper, he came to Paragould to enter the employ of 
the Henry Wrape Company as foreman of its heading department. 
In this capacity he showed such intelligence and efficiency that in 1896 
he was made an officer of the company, and at once assumed its manage- 
ment. 

The Henry Wrape Company is one of prominence among the 
timber concerns of the United States and maintains its headquarters in 
Sai)it Louis. In 1889 its mill was built in Paragould, some local stock- 
linl(lei-s being taken in. A stave mill is an important part of their plant 
in Paragould, and the company also operates a factory at Searcy, 
Ai-kaiisas, the trio of plants constituting an industi-y which adds much 
to the |)0]nilation of the towns affected and carries a healthful influence 
in the industrial and commercial life of those places. 

:\lr. Raith married, in ParagOuld, February 1, 1899, Mattie Morris, 
who was born in Union City. Tennessee, in April, 1865, and they have 
two children, twin daughters, :Myrtle and Mabel, born April 8, 190.3, 

]Mr. Raith is a stanch Republican in his political affiliations, and 
is -serving as a member of the Paragould Common Council, having 
been elected to that body without regard to his political views in a 
Democratic stronghold. Fraternally Mr. Raith is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows; of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks; of the Modern Woodmen of America; and of the 
Woodmen of the World. At 326 West Court street is the home of Mi-. 
Raith and his family, a modest cottage, which came into being at his 
own suggestion, and is among the beauty spots inhabited by the busi- 
ness men of the city. 

Robert W. Meriwether. Prominent among the leading and long- 
est-established merchants of Paragould is Robert W. Meriwether, who 
as .iunior member of the firm of W. W. Meriwether & Son located here 
in 1883, at inception of the town, and has now the distinction of being 



iri.STORY OF ARKANSAS ISO.I 

the only one of the six men that opened stores at that time to be stiil 
actively engaged in the same line of business. A son of William 
Winston Meriwether, he was born November 17, 1862, in Saint Francis 
county, Arkansas, where his parents had taken refuge when fleeing 
from Tiptonville, Tennessee, to escape the rigors of war, which was 
early thought to require but a military demonstration by the South to 
achieve its hopes for a new nation, and while the contest was in 
progress the women, children and slaves of the Meriwether family 
lived in Arkansas, near iMarianna. 

William D. Meriwether, Mr. Mei'iv,(llifi"s L:iaiidi':i1her, was an 
extensive farmer and slave owner of Kiutiickx . Ins |il;intation being 
located not far from Mayfield. He maninl ii Mis.-, D.iIuk y, and of their 
children the thi-ee sons, Robert, David and William W., served as 
soldiers in the Confederate army. The daughters were Kate, who 
married Thomas Jordan; Sarah, wife of L. A. Lewis, of New Madrid, 
Missouri ; and Hattie, who married Joe Tipton, and passed her life in 
Tiptonville, Tennessee. 

William Winston Meriwether was born in Kentucky, near Louis- 
ville, in 1833, and received his education in his native state, in the 
cities of Columbus and Clinton. He subsequently engaged in farming 
near Island No. 10, in the Mississippi river, and save for the war period, 
from 1861 until 1865, continued with success until 1883. At the out- 
break of the Civil war his property interests <ind his education and 
training naturally turned his sympathies towards the cause of the 
Confederacy, and as early as his services were needed he enlisted in 
the Southern army, and as a part of the Army of the Tennessee took 
part in the campaigns commanded by Generals Bragg and Johnston 
from Chickamauga to Atlanta, where General Johnston was superseded 
by General Hood, who commanded the organization to its final defeat 
at Franklin and Nashville. 

Taking his family back then from Arkansas to Tiptonville. Ten- 
nessee, William W. Meriwether commenced life anew on his farm. In 
1883, moved by conditions of greater promise on the west side of the 
river, he crossed the Mississippi into Greene county, Arkansas, and em- 
barked in mercantile pursuits at Paragould, then a mere hamlet at the 
intersection of two new railroads. His business contemporaries were 
Messrs. Landrum, Jones, Prnett, Solace and Dickson, all of whom have 
passed out of the channels of trade with the exception of Robert W. Meri- 
wether, junior member of the firm established by W. W. Meriwether. 
While this firm posed as a hardware concern, it was forced to carry 
a line of groceries for awhile, in order to make both ends meet while 
the population was gathering in sufficient numbers to support an ex- 
clusively hardware establishment. The store in which the firm first 
located was the usual temporary structure, twenty-five feet by fifty feet, 
on the west end of the lot now occupied by the Clyde Mack Mercantile 
Company. When new surveys were made and a plat of the town 
definitely arranged the firm of Meriwether & Son erected, in 1892, the 
present establishment, and the senior member of the house, William W. 
Meriwether, lived to see the business develop into metropolitan propor- 
tions and maintain the lead as a hardware, implement and supply house 
for Parasi'ould and the surrounding country. 

William W. Meriwether married, in May, 1860, in Tiptonville, 
■i'rnn.'.sspc. Siirah Tippett, a daughter of Rev. Tippett, a Methodist 
minister who went there from North Carolina. Two children blessed 
their union, namely: Robert W.. the special subject of this biographical 
sketch ; and Ida May, wife of W. W. Bandy, of Paragould. The father 



1304 HISTOEY OF ARKANSAS 

died in 1893, and his wife, who survived him, passed to the higher life 
in 1897. He was a stanch Democrat in polities, and although he con- 
tributed liberally towards the support of the Methodist church he was 
not a member of any religious organization. 

Robert W. Meriwether received a limited education in the district 
schools, and at the age of eighteen years abandoned the home farm and 
became a clerk in a general store at Tiptonville, Tennessee. A few 
years later he came with the family to Paragould, and in pai-tnership 
with his father established himself in mercantile pursuits, becoming 
junior member of the firm of W. W. Meriwether, as mentioned above, 
and is now principle owner of the substantial business thus established. 
Mr. Meriwether's interests have extended in other directions, and he is 
not only a stockholder in the National Bank of Commerce and in the 
Bank of Waleott and the Paragould Brick Company, but has accumu- 
lated a considerable area of farm lands, and has brought under cultiva- 
tion some of the "cut over" lands adjacent to the Saint Francis river, 
a tract which is fast becoming transformed from a wilderness of forest 
and underbrush to a valuable estate. 

On November 27, 1890, in Paragould, Mr. Meriwether married Kate 
Hays, a daughter of A. B. and Etta (Spillman) Hays, who came from 
Clinton, Kentucky, to Paragould, where Mr. Hayes has served as mayor 
and as justice of the peace. Mr. and Mrs. Meriwether have three 
children, namely: Lilbourn; Ray; and William W., familiarly known 
as "Bill." Fraternally Mr. Meriwether is a member of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks ; a Master ilason : a member of the Wood- 
men of the World ; and is a " Hoo Hoo. ' ' 

James E. Lawson. Prominent among the strong and active men 
who are ably filling public positions of importance is James E. Lawson, 
sheriff of Greene county, who has been a resident of Paragould for a 
score of years, during which time he has served town and county in 
various official capacities, performing the duties of each with credit 
to himself and to the satisfaction of all concerned. A native of Ken- 
tucky, he was born July 27, 1867, in Union county, which was also the 
birthplace of his father, John F. Lawson. 

John F. Lawson, born in 1832, grew to manhood in Union county, 
Kentucky, and as a young man there followed the trade of a plasterer. 
Subsequently turning his attention to agriculture, he bought land in Web- 
ster county, Kentucky, and on the farm which he improved spent his 
remaining years, dying in 1909. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Mary Calvert, still resides in AVebster county. Six children were born 
nf their union, as follows: Ellen, wife of Thomas Young, of Paragould; 
Emma, wife of Thomas Herrin, of Paragould; James E.; Richard, a 
resident of Paragould ; Mary Belle, living in Webster county, Kentucky, 
the wife of Elbert Sigler; and Nannie, wife of Gid Re\Tiolds. of Black- 
port. Kentucky. 

Brought up on the home farm, James E. Lawson acquired his early 
education in the rural schools of his di.strict, and on attaining his ma- 
jority began life for himself as clerk in a Webster county dry goods 
store, continuing thus employed three years. Gi%nng up the position 
in 1891. he migrated to Arkansas, and has since nuide his home in Para- 
gould. He here began his ofReial career as an officer on the municipal 
I)olice force, serving for four years. He wa.s afterwards employed for some 
time in a hub and stave mill, with which he was connected until 1906, 
when he assumed the duties of constable, and held the position four 
years. At the end of that time, in 1910, Mr. Lawson became a candi- 



HISTOKY OF ARKANSAS 1305 

date against three competitors in the Democratic primary for sheriff 
of Greene count j-, and having won the nomination defeated his Re- 
publican opponent at the polls by a vote of two to one, his great 
majority proving his popularity with all classes of people. In Novem- 
ber, 1910, Mr. Lawson took the office of sheriff, succeeding Robert L. 
Camp, and is discharging the duties devolving upon him ably and 
faithfully. 

Mr. Lawson married, June 15, 1894, in Paragould, iliss Divie 
Clark, who was born in Green county, Arkansas, October 3, 1879, a 
daughter of Francis and Susie (Lewis) Clark, natives of Tennessee. 
Three children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Lawson, namely; John 
Francis, born in 1895; Ednionia, born in 1897; and Hersehel D., born in 
August, 1907. Fraternally Mr. Lawson is affiliated with the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows: the Degree of Honor; the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks ; and v.-ith the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men. 

Charles ^^^ Stedman, city clerk of Paragould, and at the head of 
that flourishing and up-to-date mercantile concern, the Steadman Hard- 
ware Company, is a native son of the county, and as an able public 
official, a progres.sive business man and a public spirited citizen is well 
entitled to representation among the loyal sons of Green county and 
the state to which this work is devoted. Mr. Stedman 's birthdate is 
February 9, 1868, and he is a son of Leonidas Stedman, superintendent 
of the Paragould water works system and veteran of the Civil war, 
who came to this county shortly after the dispanding of the Confederate 
army, and who has been one of its valued citizens in the long interven- 
ing period. 

Leonidas Stedman was born in Chatham county, North Carolina, 
May 15, 1838, and is the son of William C. Stedman, a farmer, who 
died near Gainesville, Arkansas, he having brought his family to the 
state just previous to the opening of the rebellion, and the family 
residence having been made for a few years at Jacksonport. AVilliam 
C. Stedman died in 1863, at the age of seventy-four years. His wife was 
previous to her marriage Miss Sarah T. Sturdevant, and of the children 
born to them Charles lost his life in battle as a Confederate soldier; 
Frank passed his life in North Carolina; Jennie, now Mrs. Richard 
Jackson, resides in Paragould; Maggie is the wife of Dr. R. H. Mark- 
ham, of Paragould; Leonidas is ne.xt in order of birth; and Emma, who 
married William H. Scott, has passed her life at Gainsville. 

Leonidas Stedman had been a citizen of Arkansas for two years 
when, following his honest convictions, he responded to a call for troops 
made by the president of the Confederate states and enlisted at Jack- 
sonport" as a private in Company G of the First Arkansas Regiment 
of Infantry. The year of his enlistment was 1862. and his services took 
him for the most jsart east of the Mississippi. He was under General 
Albert Sidney Juliiisun at the battle of Shiloh and he also took part 
in the battles nf I'. n.wiUe, Chickamaxigua and Missionary Ridge under 
(ieneral Br;ii;u ami I'duuht in the Atlanta campaign under General 
Joseph E. Johnston, when the army was under fire every day dur- 
ing the one hundred days' contest. He was in the engagement at 
Jonesboro when his division was captured, but he made his escape by 
setting a new pace as a runner. He sub.sequently went with Hood's 
army back into Tennessee and took part in the famous Franklin and 
Nashville fights, after which he was furloughed for ninety days and 
was never again in active service, reaching home in August. 1865. 



1306 UlSTOEY OF AIJK.WSAS 

When the carnage of war was ended Leonidas Stedman followed 
his parents on foot to their new home some ten miles north of Gaines- 
ville, in Greene county, and was engaged first in farming and then in 
ginning and saw-milling until 1892, when he removed to Paragould and 
here he has ever since resided. He married Alice Granade, daughter of 
a Tennessee settler. Mrs. Stedman, herself, beinj;- a native of Tennessee. 
The issue of their union is as follows: Charles W., subject of this 
review; Leonidas U., one of the members of the Stedman Hardware 
Company; William Telfair, assistant cashier of the National Bank of 
Paragould; Arthur G., of this city; Miss Allie, one of the corps of 
teachers of the Peabody school in Little Rock; ;ind ^Miss Annie, of 
Paragould. 

Charles W. Stedman concluded his school days with a year in the 
boys' school at Searcy, Arkansas, and when eighteen years of age he 
left the farm and entered the postal service as railway mail clerk over 
the Cotton Belt road between St. Louis and Texarkana. He was for 
five years engaged in this line of endeavor, and when he left the postal 
service he became night agent and .joint ticket agent of the two rail- 
roads entering Paragould. He terminated this association after .several 
years and became an employe of the Pacific Express Company, repre- 
senting them on the railroad for some six years. Following this he 
engaged in the timber business with his brother, Leonidas IT., and only 
terminated the work in this field to assume the office of circuit clerk 
and recorder in 1894. He was elected bj' the Democratic part.y and 
served two years, succeeding T. B. Kitchens in the office. At the expi- 
ration of his terms of office, he and his brother purchased the business 
of J. B. Avera in Paragould and formed the Stedman Hardware Com- 
pany. 

'Slv. Stedman has been actively connected with the Commercial 
Club since its formation and holds the offices of secretary and treasurer. 
His fraternal affiliations extend to the Odd Fellows, the Elks, the 
Knights of P.vthias and the AVoodmen of the World. 

]\Ir. Stedman was married in this county. May 6, 1906, Mrs. xVnnie 
Laurie Rodgers, daiighter of Captain Farley, of Dallas. Texas, becom- 
ing his wife, and they hold a hiirh place in popular confidence and 
esteem. 

Mr. Stedman descemls fiom Cdhmial ancestry, his great-grand- 
fathei'. Nathan A. Stedman. linvini; carried a musket in the Revolu- 
tionary war, as did also his brothers. Eli.sha and Winship. Nathan A. 
Stedman was of English stock. He came South in the "SOs of the eigh- 
teenth century and died in Chatham county. North Carolina, about 
1847. when ninety years of age. 

Russell G. Floyd, M. D. An honored and distingtiished repre- 
sentative of the medical profession in Eureka Springs and Carroll coun- 
ty is Dr. Russell G. Floyd. He is a man of the most original and 
enlightened methods, of \intiring research, and splendid achievement, and 
the prestige which he enjo.ys both as a physician and a good citizen 
renders especiall.v consonant a review of his career in this publication, 
devoted to the city which has so long represented his home and been 
the field of his earnest and fruitful endeavors. 

Dr. Floyd has passed more than a quarter of a century as a citizen 
of Arkansas, his coming hither dating from the .year ISSii. when he sought 
this spot for its health-giving and restorative qualities and speedily 
took his place among its mo.st valued citizenship. He had previously 
spent four and a half years in Boulder. Colorado, his professional and 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1307 

social career in the Rockies having been both interesting and successful. 
He had gone west from his native town, Berlin, in Green Lake county, 
"Wisconsin, where his eyes had first opened to the light of day, July 20, 
1851. There he received his common and high school education and 
came to the decision which made him a member of the medical fraternity. 

The founder of the western branch of the Floyd family was Henry 
Floyd, father of Dr. Floyd, who was born at East Lebanon, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1821. Henry Floyd was well educated and completed a course 
in the University of Norrish, Vermont, entering soon thereafter upon 
the career of a civil engineer. His subsequent residence in Wisconsin 
came as a result of his profession, for he became a part of the great 
organization which surveyed and divided into sections the Northern 
Peninsula of Michigan and Wiseonsiu, beginning at Green Bay and 
running north to Lake Superior. He was one of the chief engineers and 
took a contract from the government in 184G. When he had finished 
his work he located, about 1849, at Berlin, Wisconsin, and there estab- 
lished what proved to be his permanent home. In Marshall, Michigan, 
he married Sophia Houston, daughter of John Houston, who had form- 
erly been a resident of Parkston, Genesee county. New York. There 
Mrs. Floyd was reared and her education was secured in Rochester. The 
elder Mr. Floyd was for many years interested in Wisconsin agriculture, 
although they maintained their residence in Berlin. The father was 
called to his eternal rest in 1905 and the devoted mother and wife sur- 
vived him until January 6, 1911. The issue of Henry and Sophia Floyd 
were as follows: Dr. Russell G., of this review; Charles E., of Eureka, 
Wisconsin, and Mrs. Anna Jones of Omro, Wisconsin. 

In glancing back over the history of the family we find the Floyds 
to have been of early Colonial stock. They lived in New Hampshire 
during the Revolutionary war, in which struggle Captain Daniel Floyd, 
great-grandfather of Dr. Floyd, commanded a company in Colonel 
Stickney's regiment of New Hampshire troops. His son Benjamin 
Floyd was the grandfather of the Doctor, and as a result of this service 
the subject holds a membership in the patriotic order of the "Sons of 
the American Revolution." Also, as the eldest son in lineal descent, he 
is eligible to membership in the "Society of Cincinnati." 

After his graduation from high school Dr. Floyd read medicine 
with Dr. N. M. Dodson, of Berlin, and in 1876 he graduated from the 
medical department of the Washington University at St. Louis, Mis- 
souri. He first hung up his shingle in Whitehall, Wisconsin, and made 
that community and the .surrounding country his maiden field. By no 
means of the type which is content to "let well enough alone," Dr. 
Floyd took two years of post graduate work (in 1881 and 1882), these 
studies being pursued in Belleview Medical College, of New York city, 
and from which famous institution he received another degree to add 
to those he already possessed. More than a decade later, in 1894, he 
completed a course in the New York School of Physical Therapeutics. 
As has been alreadj' mentioned he spent several years in Colorado, and 
while a resident in Boulder he had charge of the Board of County Hos- 
pitals for three and a half years. Dr. Floyd is one to whom the com- 
munity looks instinctively as a proper incumbent of public office and it 
is indeed significant of the high approval he enjoys in the eonnnunity 
that he has served the Eureka Springs Board of Health as its president 
for fourteen years. He is surgeon of the Missouri and North Arkansas 
Railway Company and is physician of the Crescent Female College, 
located ;it Eureka Springs. Except during the administrations of Presi- 



1308 insTOltY OF ARKANSAS 

dent Cleveland he lias been president of the Pension Examining Board, 
which is to say during almost the entire period of his residence in 
Arkansas. In those organizations looking toward the unity and ad- 
vancement of the profession to which he is an ornament he holds a 
prominent place, such organizations being the Cari'oll County Medical 
Society, the Arkansas State Medical Association and the American 
Medical Association. 

In politics Dr. Floyd is a Republican and he is held in high esteem 
in party ranks and has served upon the State Advisory Committee. In 
addition to his professional duties he has several ulterior interests of 
large scope and importance, among them the presidency of the First 
National Bank of Eureka Springs, which he has held since its organiza- 
tion, and in connection with Mr. AY. S. Wadsworth he built the Wads- 
worth-Floyd business block. 

Dr. Floyd finds no small amount of pleasure in his fraternal rela- 
tions, which extend to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In fact 
he has manifested a very considerable interest in Oddfellowship and is 
known in this connection throughout the length and breadth of the great 
Bear state. He is past grand patriot and past grand master of the 
state of Arkansas and he has served nine years in the Sovereign Grand 
Lodge of the "World. He is a member and treasurer of the official board 
of the Odd Fellows' Widows and Orphans Home at Batesville. and has 
been such for a long period of years. He is affiliated with several other 
orders, chiefly beneficiary, and he is a member of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. 

In 1899 Dr. Floyd was united in marriage with Miss Jennie Setzer, 
daughter of John Setzer, their union being celebrated in Eureka Springs, 
although the bride was a resident of Litchfield, Illinois. Mrs. Floyd 
was summoned to her eternal rest February 2, 1902, leaving a daughter, 
Jennie Setzer Floyd. At Topeka, Kansas, in 1903 Dr. Floyd married 
a second time, Miss Clara Whiting, daughter of Dr. Whiting, of Polo, 
Illinois, becoming his wife and the mistress of his household. They have 
no children. The Floyd residence is one of the cultured and nttracti.'O 
abodes of Eureka Springs. 

Harry McPherson. Among the better known and more influential 
citizens of Greene county. Harry AlcPherson. postmaster of Paragould. 
is eminently deserving of special mention in this volume. He is a 
contribution from the state of iMissouri. his birth having occurred in 
Bollinger county, that commonwealth, December 6, 1876, and is of 
pioneer stock, his grandfather, Archibald McPhersou, having located 
in the southeastern part of Missouri in 1830, from North Carolina. 
He was twice senator from his district and a member of the constitu- 
tional convention which framed the present constitution of Missouri, 
and was surveyor of Perry county for many years. John A. MePhei-son, 
his father, was born in Perry comity, Missouri, in 1847. There grow- 
ing to a sturdy manhood, he was mentally trained in the district schools 
and in Brazeau Academy. During the Civil war, as a member of the 
State Militia, he served with the Federal troops, taking an active part in 
some of the engagements that occurred during the latter part of 
the conflict. As a young man he located in Bollinger county, where 
he continued his career as a general farmer and merchant until his 
death, April 6, 1911. He was an uncompromising Republican in poli- 
tics, influential in party ranks, and in 190.") was chosen to represent 
his countv in Ihn Slate Leiiislalui-e. lie married first, in Bollinger 



HISTOEY OF ARKANSAS 1309 

county, .Melvina Martin, who died a few months after the birth of their 
only son, Harry. 

Acquiring his elementary education in the public schools, Harry 
McPherson finished his school days at the Ma3rfield-Smith Academy, in 
Marble Hill, ^Missouri, and subsequently taught school one term. Be- 
coming interested then in the life insurance business, he took an agency 
for the :Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York, applying him- 
self as a salesman, and gaining not only experience but some money by 
writing business in the field. He came to Arkansas in 1897, as district 
manager for the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York, with 
headquarters at Paragould, Greene county. Here he prosecuted his 
business most vigorously until February, 1906, when he was appointed 
by President Roosevelt postnuister of Paragould, succeeding Postmaster 
Snodgrass. In 1910 was honored by a re-appointment to the same 
position by President Taft, his political preferences being in perfect 
harmony with the administration. 

Mr. ilcPherson has been prominent in the Republican organization 
since 1898, when he was made a member of the state committee for Greene 
county, Arkansas, and has since been a familiar figure in all state con- 
ventions in 1908 being chosen as alternate to the National Republican 
Convention held in Chicago. He is a member of the Paragould Com- 
mercial Club, of which he has been president during the past four years. 
Fraternally Mr. McPherson is a past master of Paragould Lodge, No. 
368, A. F. & A. M., which he has represented at the Grand Lodge, is a 
member of the Chapter and is a Thirty-second Degree Mason. He was 
representative from Sahai-a Temple of the "Shrine" to the Imperial 
Council meeting at Rochester, New York, in July, 1911. He is also past 
exalted ruler of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and in 
1910 represented the local Lodge in the Grand Lodge meeting at De- 
troit. ]\Ir. IMcPherson married, December 21, 1904, in Osceola, Arkan- 
sas, Miss Lillian Hale, whose father, James K. P. Hale, represents one 
of the pioneer and ante-bellum families of Mississippi county, Arkan- 
sas, ilrs. McPherson lived but a brief time after hei' mai-riaae. passing 
away July 1, 1905. 

Felix M. Scott, M. D. Worthy of especial mention in this volume 
is Felix M. Scott, M. D., a leading physician and druggist of Paragould, 
where his professional knowledge and skill have met with ample recog- 
nition, while his knowledge of the properties and uses of drugs has 
won him an exten.sive patronage in the mercantile field. A son of 
David M. Scott, he was born July 15, 1854, in Henry county, Tennessee, 
although he grew to manhood in the vicinity of Decaturville, that state. 
His paternal grandfather, Samuel Scott, a native of the Tarheel state, 
was an early pioneer of Tennessee. During the war of 1812 he served 
under General Jackson, and at the battle of New Orleans received three 
shots in siich quick succession that he couldn't tell which made the first 
wound. After his discharge from the army he located at Na.shville, 
Tennessee, and there spent his remaining days. He married a Miss 
Morrison, and they reared several children. 

Spending the days of boyhood in Nashville, Tennessee, the city of 
his birth, David M. Scott completed his early studies in the schools of 
Paris, that state, receiving an excellent education for his times and 
opportunities. He spent the larger part of his active life as a farmer, 
and died on his fann in Decatur county, Tennessee, in October, 1892, 
aged seventy-nine years. He married Nancy Hagler. She preceded 
him to the better world by many years, passing away in August, 1855. 
<^f the twelve children born of their union, six grew to years of matui'- 



1310 IIIS'l'oKY OF AKKAXSAS 

ity, including: John 'J'., who served in the Confederate service as one of 
General Forrest's body guard, is now a resident of Ward, Arkansas; 
Ann, who married Zadoc McLester, died in White county, Arkansas; 
Eve C, residing at Dickey's Landing, 'rennessee, is the wife of Samuel 
Hancock, whose father was the original "Dr. Rattlehead," so familiar 
to readers of fiction; Dr. William S.. of Dickson, Tennessee; and Feli.K 
M., M. D., the special subject of this brief personal record. 

Completing his early education in the public schools. Felix ]\I. 
Scott began the study of medicine when quite young, and as an under- 
graduate mcilii';il .stiiilciil lic-iin Hit- pi;ic-licr of iiic'dicine at Austin, 
Arkansas, in r--7>. rdnniiiiiii- thrr,. r,,;- ;, shurt linic nftci- his gradua- 
tion from Vaiidci'liilt I'liivcrsiiy. in .Xiishville. 'I ninessct'. with the class 
of 1881. In ISS;^ Dr. Scott located as a physician in Paragould. and 
was here in practice for six years at that -time. In 1888 the Doctor 
went South, and for about seven years was busily employed as a physi- 
cian and a di-uggist in T^iiiMtiil.i. l<"l(iiiil;i. Couiii fi-om there to Texas, 
he was similarly employrd :it AliM Inunr. .Mcl.eiman county, for two 
years. Returning to Arkans.i'. m ISHT. tli. Ductiu :ii^;iin located at Para- 
gould, where as a i^hysician and a druggist he h,is simr .-in ried on an ex- 
tensive business in both lines of industry, followin-j lli.' .hug business in 
connection with his large practice. He is an able husiinss man. and is a 
stockholder in the First National Bank of Paragould and in the Para- 
gould Trust Company, of which he is vice-president. 

Dr. Scott married, in Lonoke county, Arkansas, September 13, 
1881, ]Mattie L. Loretz, who was born in Arkansas, where her parents, 
John F. and Mary C. (Shuford) Loretz, settled on leaving North Caro- 
lina, their native state. The Doctor and Mrs. Scott are the parents of 
two children, namely: Herbert M. and Essie May. True to the poli- 
tical faith of his ancestors. Dr. Scott is a Democrat, and for a number 
of years has served on the Green County Board of Health. He is an 
active member of the Methodist Episcopal church, being one of its 
stewards, and is also a tnustee of the District parsonage. 

Alfred A. Knox. For upwards of a quarter of a century a resi- 
dent of Paragould, Alfred A. Knox, one of the old fire insurance men, 
has here been identified with IIh' in-ofcssions of education and law and 
with numerous fields of Iimmik^- ..rlixity, in his career winning the suc- 
cess which the inevitable law nl' ilisliny accords to tireless energy and 
a wise industry. A son of Andrew J. Knox, a venerable and esteemed 
citizen of Paragould, he was born October 23. 1859, in Obion county, 
Tennessee, where his youthful days were spent. 

Andrew J. Knox was born in Carroll county, Tennessee, in 1825, 
and until well advanced in years was engaged in agricultural pursuits 
in his native state. Coming to Paragould, Arkansas, in 1889, he was for 
a time cii'j.i'jcil in the book and drug business as a member of the firm 
of Kiicix i.^ W'iMiiIIiurn. Since disposing of his interest in that concern 
he has licrn .issuciated with his son-in-law. E. D. Woodburn. in the 
ereameiy business. 

Havins: acquired a practical ediicalion in the district schools. Alfred 
A. Knox taught foi- a while in the I'ural schools of Obii.n county, Ten- 
nessee. AVhile thus employed he continued his studies, and in 1884 
was graduated from the Normal TTnivcrsity of Lebanon, Ohio, with the 
degree of B. S. Coming to Arkansas in July of that year, 'Sh: Knox 
was for three years principal of the Paragould schools. In 1887 he 
completed a course of law which he had taken up in his spare hours 
under the direction of the law firm of Crowlev & Parish, and in 1888 



HISTORY OF ATIKAXSAS 1311 

was admitted to the Greene couuty bar before Judge Riddick of the 
Circuit Court. He at once established himself in Paragould, becoming 
head of the firm of Knox & Simpson, and for some time carried on a 
substantial legal business. Becoming during that time much interested 
in abstracting, Mr. Knox wrote up the first abstracts of the county, and 
eventually gave his entire attention to this work to the exclusion of 
law. He subsequently incorporated the business, and some time after 
his disposal of tlie plant it became the property of the Paragould Tnist 
Companj'. 

Engaging in the fire insurance business in 1890, Mr. Knox was for 
several years associated with T. P. Cole, who subseqiiently purchased the 
entire business, which has since passed into the hands of the Shane- 
Ford Company, of which Mr. Knox is an active member. 

As one of the substantial promoters of the best interests of Para- 
gould, Mr. Knox has contributed to the business section of the city 
some of its permanent buildings, including those at the corner of 
Pruet and Emerson streets, and at No. 112 West Court street, while 
he has a good residential property at 416 West Main street. He is one 
of the directorate of the Security Bank and Trust Company, and is its 
vice-president. He is a Democrat in politics, and has served as a mem- 
ber of the City Council, and for four years was county examiner. He 
belongs to but one secret society, that of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. He is affiliated by membership with the Cumberland Pres- 
byterian church, being clerk of the Burrow Presbytery, and has repre- 
sented his church as a delegate to the Presbyterian State Synod. 

Mr. Knox married first, October 10, ,1889, Maggie Jones, who died 
August 10, 1898, leaving no children. Mr. Knox married for his sec- 
ond wife Hattie McLeod, a daughter of R. N. McLeod, who came to 
Greene county from Mississippi, and they have two children. Clara 
May and Ella. 

Eli Meiser. A man of far-reaching thought, vigorous will and 
good business ability, Eli Meiser, president of the National Bank of 
Commerce of Paragould, is recognized as one of the leading citizens of 
his community, and is held in high esteem by his fellow-men and asso- 
ciates. One of the old mill men of this great liunber region, he has 
infused his spirit into other live and active commercial and industrial 
concerns, and in connection with the various enterprises with which he 
has been identified has manifested an intimate knowledge of the possi- 
bilities of his undertakings, his thirty years of residence in Greene 
county having been fraught with substantial consequences both to him- 
self and to the communities with which his lot has been cast. A son 
of Benjamin Meiser, he was born May 13, 1846, in Allen county, Indi- 
ana, and is of sturdy Dutch stock, his ancestors having emigrated from 
Holland to Pennsylvania in early Colonial days. 

John Meiser, "his grandfather, spent his earlier life in Berks county, 
Pennsylvania, there growing to manhood and marrying. He after- 
ward moved with his family to Ohio, located in Stark county, where he 
engaged in the agricultural and pastoral pursuits that had occupied the 
attention of his forefathers, remaining in that county the remainder of 
his years. 

Benjamin Meiser was born in Berks county, Pennsylvania, in 1818, 
and in boyhood was taken by his parents to Stark county, Ohio, where 
he acquired a common school education. In 1843, inspired with the 
same restless spirit that impelled his emigrant ancestor to cross the 
broad Atlantic, he went from Ohio to Indiana, locating in Allen county. 



13^2 HISTORY OF AKKAXSAS 

Taking up a tract of heavily timbered land, he hewed a farm from the 
forest, and was industriously and prosperously engaged in agricultural 
pursuits until his death, in 1896. He was a man of upright character 
and principles, a devout member of the Methodist church, and reared 
his family in a Christian home. He married, in Stark county, Ohio, 
Fiatti Sausser, a daughter of Mrs. Elizabeth Sausser, who was of 
Colonial ancestry and the descendant of a French Huguenot family. 
She survived her husband, passing away in 1908. Five children were 
born into their home, as follows : John, who died in Allen county, Indi- 
ana, leaving a family ; Eli, the special subject of this brief biographical 
record; Lizzie, wife of Elias Hire, of Fort Wayne, Indiana; Sarah, 
wife of Owen Kannard. of Smith county, Kansas ; and Frankie, wife of 
J. B. Allen, of Rector, Arkansas. 

Brought up in a rural district, Eli ]Meiser acquired his early educa- 
tion in the primitive schools of his day, living with his parents until aft- 
er the outbreak of the Civil war. He enlisted, in 1862, in Company C, 
Eighty-eighth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, from which he was dis- 
charged, and he then became a member of Company C, Forty-fourth 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and served as a private in the Army of the 
Cumberland until receiving his honorable discharge, in September, 1865, 
in the meantime taking an active part in many battles of importance. 
Returning home, Mr. IMeiser found employment in a lumber mill, for a 
time being engaged in wheeling sawdust and doing other menial work 
about the plant. As time pas.sed, he became familiar with the details 
of milling, and having accumulated some capital in the meantime, he 
began busin&ss for himself at Areola, Indiana, cutting and manufactur- 
ing i-ailroad timbers. He subsequently located in Mace, ^lontgomery 
county, Indiana, where he operated a saw mill for several years. 

Coming from there to Arkansas in 1882, Mr. Meiser erected a lum- 
ber mill at Rector, Clay county, where he carried on a substantial busi- 
ness for fifteen years. Transferring his business and residence to 
Paragould in 1897, he erected a similar plant near the town, and ope- 
rated it successfully until 1901. Disposing then of his milling interests, 
Mr. Meiser has since been busily employed in looking after hi.s other 
interests, which are many and valuable. He has been one of the prime 
movers in the establishment of numerous enterprises, and was a 
dominant factor in the organization of the National Bank of Commerce 
of Paragould, which was authorized to do business as a State bank on 
July 1, 1901, and of which he has been president ever since. The bank 
was" capitalized at fifty thousand dollars, and with the exception of 
the cashiership its officers are the same as at first elected. In January. 
1911, the institution was converted into a national bank, the capital 
being increased to one hundred thousand dollars, with a surplus of the 
same amount. The officers, all men of prominence in the business world, 
are as follows: Eli Meiser, president; Richard Jackson, vice-president, 
succeeding S. L. Joseph; and H. W. AYoosley, cashier, having succeeded 
L. S. Parker, the first cashier of the institution. The Board of Direc- 
tors includes in addition to the bank officers Messrs. J. D. Block, R. C. 
Grizzard and Joseph Wolf. 

Although not an active polilician, ^Ir. ^leiser votes with the Rc- 
piiblican party on national (piestions ; fraternally he is a IVIaster ^Mason 
and belongs to the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks; and re- 
ligiously he is a Methodist, having never swerved from the faith in 
which he was reared. 

Jlr. ]\Ieiser married first, at Valparaiso, Indiana, December 25, 
1867, Mary Kennard, a daughter of D. C. Kennard, an Ohio farmer. 



.HISTORY OF xU?KAXSAS 131:3 

She died in Paragould, Arkansas, in 1900, leaving four children, namely : 
Gordon B., a real estate dealer of Milbourn, Oklahoma ; Leona, wife of 
C. E. Livingood. of Chicago; Wallace B., engaged in the brokerage 
business at Stivln-, ( )kl:ihi)ina; and John G., who is connected with the 
milling intensK nl r.iinuould. Mr. Meiser married, in December, 
1904, at Spriii'jlirlil, .Missouri, Emily Kennard, a niece of his fir.st 
wife. 

JuDGK Jason L. Light is county judge of Greeue county. He is 
one of the members of the bar of the state and as a legist and jurist his 
honors rest on large and definite accomplishments. No citizen com- 
mands a fuller measure of popular confidence and regard, for he has 
shown himself one of the most zealous for the progress and ultimate 
well being of eastern Arkansas and none is more worthy of consideration 
through the medium of a review in this history of Arkansas and its 
people. Judge Light is all but a native of the municipality over which 
he presides, since he came with his parents in 1871 from Forsythe 
county, Georgia, where he was born November 3, 1865. His father was 
Pleasant Green Light, who was a tiller of the soil of Greene county and 
who spent several years in public office. He was tax assessor for si.K 
years, and in that office displayed sound business ability and gave evi- 
dence by his fund of information that he was a man of liberal edueation, 
despite the fact that his opportunities in this line had been deficient. 

Pleasant G. Light was born in Forsj'the county, Georgia, in 1838, 
and was the son of Benton Light, a planter of Seotch-L'ish lineage, who 
passed his life where his son was born. He married Flora Mooney, a 
daughter of Robert Moone.v and a grand-daughter of a native of Erin's 
Isle, who founded on American soil his branch of the niunerous family 
of the name. The elder Mr. Light died in 1893, twelve years after the 
death of his wife, and their children were as follows: James W., of 
Waleott, Arkansas; Judge Jason L., of Paragould; George O., cashier 
of the Security Bank & Trust Company of Paragould; Mollie, wife of 
lienry G. Langley, of Paragould; and Luenette, now Mrs. W. W. Peve- 
house, of Oklahoma. During the Civil war period Pleasant G. Light 
identified himself with the Confederacy, enlisting as a soldier and serv- 
ing in the corps of General John B. Gordon, in whose gallantry the 
young wearer of the grey took a pardonable pride. It was his portion 
to become in post-bellum days a useful citizen, and his children bear 
the imprint of his enlightened training. 

Judge Jason L. Light came to mature j'ears in the country near 
Paragould and attended the common schools somewhat irregularl.v. His 
was an adventurous spirit and at the age of eighteen years he decided 
to escape the restraints of home life by leaving the parental roof. Wan- 
dering far afield, he located at Uvalde, Texas, whei-e he served two years 
on a cow ranch and for one year was county deputy sheriff. He re- 
mained in Uvalde for four years and then spent a year in Pecos City, 
subsequently crossing over into New Mexico and spending three years in 
the vicinity of Roswell and Carlsbad. In this period he engaged in 
ranching and other pursuits and enjoyed to the utmost the freedom 
of the plains. He remained in the west and far southwest for no less 
than a decade and then returned to Arkansas to spend a year in school 
as a student in Thompson's Classical Institute at Paragould. 

In the meantime Judge Light had come to a decision as to his 
future career and he engaged in a course of reading in the office of 
Crowley, Luna & Johnson, leading lawyers of Paragould. being ad- 
mitted "to the bar in 1897 before Judge F. G. Taylor. He at once 



1.314 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

began upon his practice, and during his career in the profession he 
was pleasantly associated with ilr. D. G. Beauehamp and subsequently 
with J. T. Craig, under the firm name of Light & Beauehamp and of 
Light & Craig, his practice upon both occasions being of a general 
character. 

In 1906 Jason L. Light became a candidate for county judge. The 
va.st tracts of low and fertile lands in Greene county seemed doomed to 
lie dormant for lack of drainage and the most fertile portion of the 
county remained undeveloped and under those conditions valueless. 
It was Mr. Light's ambition to hold the ofRce which controlled the 
destiny of these lands and to mould public sentiment to the condition 
of realizing the necessity of the installation of a .system of drainage. 
It was his idea to drain various small tracts as samples, and when their 
excellent results had appeared, to bring under cultivation or at least 
render fit for cultivation every low land farm in Greene county. He 
made the campaign for the office upon this issue and was elected in 
1906. Two years later, when his fine plans were .just well under way 
and taxes had begun to pile up as a result of the policy, it required 
the strenuous efforts of his friends of the reasoning element to re-elect 
him. When another two years had rolled around the benefits derived 
from his policy were so appai-ent that "lie simply "stood" for re-election 
and accepted the office that was returned to him in 1910. 

Judge Light's experience as the savior of the low-lying section of 
the state forms one of the interesting pages of Arkansas history and 
has been vividly told in the following article published in a leading 
American daily of recent date: 

"Threatened five years ago by an infuriated citizenship with lynch- 
ing because he had organized a drainage district and levied a tax for 
the reclamation of swamp lands, today Judge Jason L. Light of Greene 
county is acclaimed the father of the drainage movement in Arkansas 
and there is not in the whole county a man more popular or more 
highly esteemed. The transformation that has been wrought during 
his three tenns as county .judge has been little short of marvelous, and 
many other counties of Eastern Arkansas are following the trail he 
blazed. All over Eastern Arkansas, from Butler county, Missouri, to 
Louisiana parishes, the rich alluvial stretches of land that have here- 
tofore been valueless are being reclaimed and made tillable. The 
valley of the Nile is not more productive, as the fertility comes from 
asesof decaying vegetation and, with the silt of centuries, makes a soil 
of unequaled .strength. 

Starting with one district five years ago, with a suririim' mob of 
protesting tax-payers surrounding the court house, remonstrating against 
the levyinir of the tax, there are now in Greene county thirteen drain- 
ai^e districts that will reclaim one-third of the area of the county and 
affect about one-half. These districts represent an aggregate improve- 
ment of about $1,500,000. The Caehe-Greene-Lawrenee di.striet alone 
will cost $300,000; the St. Francis district will co.st half a million; 
Grassy Slough about $200,000; and the others range from $25,000 to 
$100,000 each. 

Crowley's Ridge, the first elevation west of the ^lississippi, cuts 
the country through from northwest to southeast. The drainage is 
being done systematically, with a fixed object in view, all the districts 
co-operating. Ditches run along the base of the ridge on both sides 
and from these extend laterals to the Cache and the St. Francis. Lands 
that a few years ago were not worlh the taxes are now worth from 
five to fifty dollars an acre and are supporting splendid plantations. 



IIISTOKV ()|- AltKAXSAS i:n.) 

Adjacent counties are takin"- up the drainage project and districts 
are being established in Clay, Craighead, Poinsett, Mississippi, Crit- 
tenden, St. Francis, Cross, Lee, Philips, Arkansas, Desha. Chicot and 
other counties, millions of acres of land being reclaimed. 

On July 10. 1897, in Greene county, Judge Light was first married, 
his wife being ]\liss Amanda Stepp. who died April 15, 1905. The 
children of the union were Luna Johnson and Nola CuUen. In Sep- 
tember, 1906, he was united in uuirriage to Miss Agnes Corgon, daugh- 
ter of Cyrus Corgau. of St. Louis. .Missouri, and the issue of this mar- 
riage are Juanita, Jason Lowell and Lois Jeanne. The Light home is 
an attractive and hospitable abixle and Judge and IMrs. Light are most 
popular members of society. 

The Judge takes no small amount of pleasure in his fraternal 
affiliations, being a Master Mason and holding memberships as an 
Oddfellow, an Elk and a Woodman of the World. 

Capt.vin Ben.i.vmik I1.\kris()N Crowley. Among the interesting 
personalities and important and public spirited citizens of this .section 
of the state is Captain Benjamin Harrison Crowley, of Paragouhl, 
who is a pioneer of the bar of Greene county, an extensive farmer and 
a representative of one of the first families to enter the state. The 
family was founded as early as 1821, by the grandfather of the sub- 
ject, Benjamin Crowley, who located where the town of Walcott sub- 
sequently came into being, there securing a plantation which he operated 
with slave labor and dying there in 1848 when past ninety years of age. 
It was his distinction to entei' the first piece of government land filed 
at the Batesville land office, which tract belongs to his grandson, the 
subject of this review. Benjamin was born in Virginia, and ajipears to 
have been reared in Georgia, and there is record that he migrated from 
that state to Kentucky diiring the ilosinu' ye;ii's of tli.' eiuhteenth cen- 
tury and assisted in surveying the unvemiiieiit laml '<\' llie Blue Grass 
state. He lived for a time in VVehslei- cniiity and when lie left there 
to come to Arkansas, his brothers, John and Edmund, remained be- 
hind. He likewise had a brother in Tennes.see and another in Coweta 
county, Georgia, where his early life was passed. He took as his wife. 
Ann Wiley, who survived him for some years and both are interred at 
Walcott in the family plot. The issue of the union of these prominent 
people were Polly, who married Abraham Revehonse and was the moth- 
er of the first white child born on Crowley's Ridge, where she passed 
away; Thomas, who died here as a stockman; Sallie, who became the 
wife" of Thomas Lamb and died in Gi'eene county; Samuel, the father 
of the .subject: Margaret, who first mairied Tharlos Robinson, the first 
sheriff of Greene coimty. and sulise,|ii.'ri11y became the wife of John 
McDaniel; Wiley, who died on Ciowle.x ',s Ridge; and Benjamin, who 
passed awav in early manhood, unmarried. 

Samuel Crowley, father of the subject, was born in Kentucky in 
1798 and passed his life as a cattle and horse dealer in Greene county. 
In that day the land was valuable only for the grass it would produce, 
and the outlying domain was so cast that its ownership was not greatly 
sought. The maiden name of the young woman whom Samuel Crowley 
took to wife was Sallie Hntchins, daughter of Zachariah Hutehins, 
who migrated to Arkansas from Tennessee and made his final home 
on the towusite of Paragould, where he died. The maiden name of 
Mrs. Hutehins was Shepard. Sauuiel Crowley was not destuu^d for 
long life, his demise occurring in 1842, and Captain Crowley beiuy- his 
onlv son. Hi.s widow subsequently married Robert H. Halley aiul be- 



i;il(i HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

came the mother of the following children: Francis P., who was killed 
as a Confederate soldier at the battle of Franklin; Ardenia, wife of 
Captain Toi-bet, who died at Big Springs, Texas; Victoria V., who 
died unmarried; Sarah J., who was thrice married, her first husband 
being H. C. Gramling, her second John M. Lloyd, and her third R. C. 
Cireene: Robert H., who died while a student in the University of Ar- 
kansas: and John M., a successful fanner of Greene county. The moth- 
er passed on to the •'Undiscovered Country" in 1861. 

Captain Benjamin H. Crowley was reared in his mother's home 
and in early youth passed a rural life, roaming the woodlands after 
stock, following the plow and assisting in the many duties of seedtime 
aiid harvest. He attended the log cabin school and just before the Civil 
war was a student for a year in Crawford Institute at Van Buren, 
Arkansas. He was then about twenty years of age, for he was born 
October 28, 1841. He was married in ISfSl). and had just begun life 
as a farmer when the long threati'iiinj >liu-i:lf between the states 
became a reality and he enlisted in the liisl yiar in Captain Dillard's 
company. This company was subseipantly disbanded without seeing 
active service and shortly thereafter Captain Crowley went to the In- 
dian Territory and joined Captain Featherston 's company of the Nine- 
teenth Arkansas, of the army of General Albert Pike. The regiment 
was subsequently separated from the conniiand and ordered to report 
to General Hindraan, was drilled into condition in the vicinity of 
Little Rock and assisted in the building of Arkansas Post and the de- 
fense of the city. The subject was promoted to first lieutenant of his 
company and when General Churchill surrendered to the Federals he 
commanded the first company that cro.ssed the pontoon bridge Sep- 
tember 10, 1863. He gained his liberty with others and went on a 
recruiting expedition in western Arkansas, gathering together a body 
of troops attempting to guard the retreat of General Jo Shelby out of 
Missouri. While on this duty he was captured, held a military pris- 
oner in various places in the state and out of it and he was finally 
taken to Johnson's Island in Lake Erie, where he was released on ex- 
change some fifteen months later, together with one hundred and eighty 
officers of General Kirhy Smith's department who had been captured. 
Reporting to General F;i-aii. hr was ordered to recruit a bodyguard 

for the General from ai u stia^juling troops of Scott county, with 

whom he had already seiv.d. and lie did so, disbanding them on Red 
River when the Confederacy was dissolved. 

Until 1867 Captain Crowley remained a farmer in Scott county, 
Arkansas, but in that year he returned to Greene county and resumed 
the same occupation while carrying on his preparations for the law. 
This he had begun while a Federal prisoner on Johnson's Island, among 
his instructors being Colonel Geoi'ge, of ;^^ississippi. who subsequently 
became a United States senator from that state. Captain Crowley was 
admitted to the bar in Greene county in 1871, was made a member of 
the Federal court at Helena in 1874 and of the Supreme court of Ark- 
ansas in 1887. He has been identified with pi-actice ever since that 
time and his abilities have given him reputation as one of the ablest 
of his profession. 

Captain Crowley entered politics rather earlier than most men who 
had borne commissions in the Confederate army, for his political dis- 
ability was removed by a special act of Congress in 1869. In 1872 he 
was sent to the legislature from this district, which then comprised 
the counties of Greene, Lawrence, Randolph and Sharpe, and while in 
the assembly at Little Rock he secured the passage of the bill creating 





>' 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 131T 

Clay county. It was a Republban legislature and about all the hand- 
ful of Democrats could do was to "protest and object." He was a 
member of the called session of 1874, which is a historic one in Arkansas, 
owing to the Brooks and Baxter war troubles, and that same year he 
was elected a delegate to the constitutional convention. He served on 
the committees which created the representative and senatorial dis- 
tricts of the state and did much of the work himself. 

In 1876 Captain Crowley was elected to the state senate and served 
in that body for four years. He was a member of the Judiciary com- 
mittee and during the first session he was chairman of the committee on 
penitentiary, which made an investigation of the institution and re- 
ported at length its findings. During the second session he was chair- 
man of the committee on state lands. In 1888 he was again elected to 
the senate and served another four years. In 1894 he was appointed 
by President Cleveland receiver of the land office at Little Rock and 
a service of four years in that city concluded his active participation 
in politics. During all these years he attended nearly every state con- 
vention of his party, and he had personal acquaintance with all the 
leaders and was in close touch with them in thought and action. In 
1910 he attended at Washington, D. C, the Rivers and Harbors Con- 
vention, having been commissioned by Governor Donaghy. 

Captain Crowley has been almost as active a figure in the agricul- 
tural history of the section as he has in the field of politics. At the 
close of the war he had a farm of two hundred acres to begin with, and 
with the passing of the years he has greatly added thereto. His various 
farms now comprise some 3,000 acres and he has under cultivation more 
than a thousand acres. He maintained his home at "Walcott until 1889. 
but he then removed to Paragould, whei'e he has ever since resided. 

Captain Crowley was first married to Miss Elizabeth J. Crowley, 
who died in 1880, after twenty years of happy mari'ied life. The chil- 
dren of this union were as follows : Victoria V., wife of Rev. J. D. Sibert, 
of Key West, Florida ; Cynthia, who married L. W. Zook. of Para- 
gould, and is deceased; Nannie, wife of H. R. Wood, of Paragould; 
Lucius G., a farmer and minister of Gainesville, Arkansas: Miss Belle 
and Judge Benjamin H., the two latter residing in Paragould. Gap- 
tain CroM'ley married Miss Rhoda L. Fielder for his second wife, and 
this admirable lady died in 1901. She was a native of Hickman county, 
Tennessee, and left a daughter, Sallie, who is a member of her father's 
household at Paragould. 

Captain Crowley is prominent as a Mason, having token the Scot- 
tish Rite and Shriner's degree and holding membership in the Albert 
Pike Consistory and Al Amin Temple. He is also affiliated with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He retains his interest and 
loyalty for the comrades who wore the gray in other days and has sus- 
tained close relation with the United Confederate Veterans, having 
served the order officially, attended many of its annual national en- 
campments and being brigadier general of one of the departments of 
Arkansas. 

WiLLi.vM Jenkins is the senior member of the real estate and loan 
firm of William Jenkins & Company, of Eureka Springs, and has been 
identified with the state of Arkansas since 1894. He has been of the 
country west of the Mississippi river since the year 1888, when he went 
from his native state of Ohio to Osage City, Kansas. Three years later 
he became identified with Sedalia, Missouri, and came thence to Eureka 
Spring.s. During his connection with the west he has been a dealer in 



]3is iirsToin' OF ak'kaxsas 

and handler of real estate and has been engaged in the business of 
loaning private money, and since coming to Eureka Springs he has 
built up one of the principal financial enterprises here. 

Mr. Jenkins is a native of the Buckeye state, his birth having oc- 
curred in Stark county, Ohio, July 18, 1850, and his childhood and youth 
were passed in the country near tlie city of Canton, which is particu- 
larly intei'csting to Americans as the home of the martyred McKinley. 
His parents both died when he was barely of school age and his rearing 
fell to the direction of others. He had not had an opportunity to acquire 
even an ordinary common school education when it was made known 
to him that he would be responsible for his own livelihood. He was a 
very dauntless young fellow and he determined to cheat Dame Fortune 
in her nefarious designs. Before he had reached his majority he went 
to Canton to become a factory employe and while there he attended 
a night school and made great strides toward piecing out his interrupted 
education. Like Oliver TwLst he ever longed for "more" and after 
reaching the age of twenty-four years he attended an academy at Chilli- 
eothe, Ohio, acquiring there an education which has made possible suc- 
cessful competition with his fellows in the battle of life. 

For some time Mr. Jenkins engaged in the mercantile and lumber 
business in Ross county, in which Chillieothe is situated, and this line 
of endeavor occupied him until his departure for Kansas and his initia- 
tion into the real estate business at Osage City, Kansas. Upon his sub- 
sequent removal to Eureka Siuii.us hr cdiitinued in this line and has 
proved that he is particulai 1,\ jiH.d tm- lliis important field, tie is also 
recognized as one of the hh.si piililic s]iii-ited of the residents of the 
city, holding himself free to kI iitil> liiniself with any movement tending 
to develop the city, to proumi. its w.Hare and to exploit its virtues as a 
resort for those seeking fresh ;iir. Ircsh and pure mountain water and 
beautiful scenery as a panacea for their ills. 

William Jenkins' father, Joseph Jenkins, came as a pioneer to Ohio, 
in the year 1835. He was born in the state of Virginia about the date of 
the Declaration of Independence and he did not marry until after com- 
ing to Stark county, Ohio, his wife being only about half his age. The 
maiden name of the wife was Martha Kellough and she was a native 
of the state of Ohio. They were farmer people, respected in their com- 
munity, and they died some time in the '50s, despite the disparity in 
their yeai-s, within a few months of each other. They were the parents 
of fourteen children and of that number only seven lived to years of 
maturity. Mary married Joseph Morton and went to Kansas in an 
early day ; Nancy became the wife of William Tuttle and lived in Pauld- 
ing county, Ohio; Henry and Ivy were twins and the former went to 
California and has never communicated with the subject, while Ivy mar- 
ried John Ireland, of Auglaize county, Ohio; Joseph lived in Fayette 
county, Ohio; and Catherine married Harry ]Mintzer and resided in 
Hardin county, Ohio. Since the day of Mr. Jenkins" separation from 
his brothers and sisters at his mother's funeral the family have not been 
united and little is known of any of them, while somr of them have dis- 
appeared altogether. 

William Jenkins was married in Ross county, Ohio, in the month 
of December, 1876, to Miss Alice A. Thomas, " a daughter of Isaac 
Thomas, a farmer residing there. Mrs. Jenkins was born in the county 
in 1858 and she and Mr. Jenkins are the parents of Oi-an T., a traveling 
salesman for an electric company, residing in Muskogee, Oklahoma; 
William A., of Los Angeles, California, an electrician with the street 



HIS'l'OKV OF ARKANSAS 1319 

railway people there; ^Marie, wife of Lewis Johnson, of Kansas City, 
Missouri ; Faye C, who is associated with his father in business : and 
Alice A. and Leora. 

Mr. Jenkins refrains from activity in politics, but is a loyal Repub- 
lican and exercises his franchise merely as a patriotic citizen. He holds 
to the doctrine of ilethodism and has accepted responsibilities as a 
member of its official board. He is president of the Laymen's Associa- 
tion of the State of Arkansas, an organization of recent years, which has 
for its raisou d'etre the creation of greater interest in spiritual matters 
among Christian people. It is a Methodist Episcopal organization and 
meets annually in conjunction with the ministerial conference of the 
state. He is a prominent and popular Mason. 

A. C. Thkoweu. Standing prominent among the active and pros- 
perous business men of Poinsett county is A. C. Thrower, senior member 
of the firm of A. C. Thrower & Company, of Harrisburg, where he has 
spent the larger part of his life, and during the time has established for 
himself an excellent reputation for honesty, integrity and good citizen- 
ship. A son of William Thrower, he was born January 18, 1848, near 
Jaeksonport, Arkansas, coming from substantial Virginian ancestry, his 
grandfather Thrower having been a wealthy Virginia planter and a large 
slave holder. 

William Thrower was born near Lynchburg, Virginia, and was one 
of a family of four children, the others having been as follows: Edward, 
Mary and Annie. Having acquired a liberal education in the Old Do- 
minion, William Thrower entered upon a professional career, and after 
teaching school in his native state located in Arkansas prior to the Civil 
war and taught school here for a time, afterward being engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits until his death, in 1868. His first wife died in early woman- 
hood, leaving three daughters, namely: Martha, who died in Poinsett 
count}-, was the wife of Benjamin Harris; Mary, who married Jay Hall, 
died in Harrisburg: and Eliza, deceased, was the wife of Theophilus Grif- 
fin, of Poinsett county. He married for his second wife Frances Head, 
daughter of William Stone, and she preceded him to the life beyond, pass- 
ing away in 18G3. Six children were born of their union, as follows: 
Canto S. died in Stark county, Missouri, leaving a wife and children ; 
Valeria S. died in Poinsett county, leaving a family; Cincinnati R., de- 
ceased, served as a soldier in the Confederate army; William died before 
the Civil war; Melvina, who married Tolton Bickley, died near Harris- 
burg, Arkansas; and A. C, the special subject of this brief sketch. 

His parents moving to Poinsett county when he was quite young. A.' 
C. Thrower grew to manhood on the home farm and was educated in the 
Harrisburg schools. Soon after attaining his majority he became iden- 
tified with the industrial interests of this ))ai-t of tlie county, and for a 
number of years was an active uii'iiiIht of ilir 1 larii-lunL; T^imiber Com- 
pany. In February, 1911, Mr. Tliinwi i- fnini' d ,i |iarlii(r-liiii with his fa- 
ther-in-law. Dr. E. L. Jacobs, cslalilislnng in llairi-lMiii: an extensive 
furniture and undertaking business, which he has simc innilncii'd suc- 
cessfully as head of the firm of A. C. Thrower & Coini'anv. liaving the 
entire management of the business, which has already a^siiin.Ml ^.Hid pro- 
portions. 

Mr. Thrower nianard. April -.'8. 18T-1. Elizabeth J. Jacobs, a daugli- 
ter of Dr. E. L. .lambs. 'I'lx' Doctor came to Poinsett county in ante- 
bellum days, and after serving as a soldier in the Confederate army was 
here engaged in the practice of medicine until the infirmities of age forced 
him to relinquisli his profession. A stanch Democrat, he was for many 



i;52') HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

years active in politics, and has served as treasurer of Poinsett county. 
The Doctor holds high rank in Masonic circles, being regarded as the fa- 
ther of Masonry in Harrisbnrg, and has served the order as Grand Lec- 
turer. Mr. Thrower united with the Methodist Episcopal church. South, 
in 1873, and has since rendered excellent service in ofiieial capacities, at 
the present time being steward. 

Charles R. French, postmaster of Harrisburg, is a man of high 
civic ideals and has ever discharged the duties of his office in a manner to 
satisfy in every way the people of the community. While not a native son 
of the state, he has passed a quarter of a century in Poinsett county, having 
come here in 1886, as a youth of seventeen years. He then was employed 
in the capacity of a tie maker by Gant Brothers, who were filling a con- 
tract for the Iron Mountain Road. He was in company with his father, 
Richard French, both being woodsmen and both engaged in the tie busi- 
ness at Doniphan, Missouri, before coming to Arkansas. 

Richard French was born in Ohio in 1844, was reared in Perry 
county, Illinois, and was one of the honored veterans of our late Civil 
war, having served as a member of Company G, Twelfth Illinois Infantry, 
during the Civil war and spending four and one-half years in the service. 
His record was an interesting and gallant one, including a number of 
famous engagements, among them those at Forts Henry and Donelson, 
Corinth, Murfreesboro, the campaign around Chattanooga and the march 
with Sherman to the sea. As a civilian he was a hard-working, industrious 
man who took an interest in politics as a voter and supported Republican 
candidates and principles. The mother was Mary Davis, of Perry county, 
Illinois, who died in that state in 1872, leaving Charles R., her only child, 
then a little lad. The father passed away at Harrisburg in 1898," at the 
age of fifty-four years. 

Charles R. French received but a limited education, circumstances 
being straitened in his youth and there being no arguing with necessity. 
As the father was poor and unable to amass a surplus for the proper edu- 
cation of his son, as sooii as he was of strength and years sufficient the son 
engaged in various lines of endeavor, but despite willing industry there 
were times when both felt the pressure of poverty. It was at one of these 
times that they i-aiiii' tn I'dinsett county. Here the son engaged in the tie, 
timber and hiinlur Imi-imcss until 1892, when he had his first relief from 
the ax and !)('( .ihh' :i . Kik in Gant Brothers' store. He continued in that 
association fm- ihr ii\.- vcirs until 1895, gaining not only an agreeable 
change in eni|il'\ iihmi. hut a practical education in business, such as was 
to stand him in uikmI ^ickI. In 1897 he exchanged the role of employe for 
that of employer, engaging in the hardware and implement business in 
Harrisburg. About that time he was appointed postmaster by the Mc- 
Kinley administration, and after serving four and a half years in this 
office w;i- -iiic.vd.'d ';v .1. ( '. Sti 11,.. |m-,,i,i tlicn until 1906 he engaged in 
business ,1- nil iii-iiniiKr j-i lit. liiit 111 ill'- M;ir mentioned he was appointed 
postmasliT liy I'lvsiilriil iMio^-rvclt. liir iilliii' then becoming a presidential 
one. He was reappointed in 1910, an eloquent commentary upon the 
strong hold he had gained in popular esteem. 

Postmaster French is loyal to the tenets of the Republican ])arty, giv- 
ing hand and heart to its men ami nirii-^mis Since 1892 he has never 
missed attending as a delegate a slatr l,'r|iiililiiaii convention; he has been 
chairman of the Poinsett County Rei>iililiriiii Committee since 1896 and in 
1908 was the nominee of his party for circuit clerk and county recorder. 
He has several interests of large scope and importance aside from his 
office, being a stocklioldei- and director of the Harrisburg State Bank and 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1321 

having been engaged in the fire and life insurance business for some ten 
years. He has given efficient service as alderman. Fraternally he takes 
pleasure and profit in membership in the Odd Fellows, the Rebekahs and 
the Knights and Ladies of Honor. 

Mr. French laid the foundation of a happy household and congenial 
life companionship by his marriage to Miss Mell Albright, daughter of 
W. H. Albright, a Tennessee farmer, whose wife's maiden name was Mary 
C. Hall. This union has been blessed by the birth of a son and a daugh- 
ter, whose names are Guy W. and Mary. 

William H. Duncan. One of the most enterprising and successful 
of the citizens of Harrisburg, William H. Duncan, is actively identified 
with the promotion of its mercantile interests as head of the firm of W. 
H. Duncan & Company, being one of the foremost merchants of this part 
of Poinsett county. A son of John Duncan, he was born July 4, 1868, in 
Tennessee, near Clarksville, of Scotch ancestry. His grandfather, Wil- 
liam Duncan, was born and bred in Scotland, and there learned the trade 
of carpet making. He subsequently moved to Sheffield, England, and there 
spent the closing years of his life. He reared five children, as follows: 
Robert, who died in Nashville, Tennessee; William passed away in Shef- 
field, England; James, deceased, was for many years connected with the 
White Line of steamships plying between Liverpool and New York ; John, 
the father of William H. ; and Sarah, who married W. F. Allison, and lived 
in Quincy, Massachusetts. 

Jolm Duncan was born in 1818, near Glasgow, Scotland. In 1838, as 
a sailor lad, he came to the United States on a sailing vessel, being four 
months without seeing land. The vessel drifted down to the West Indies, 
and near Santiago, Cuba, was picked up by another vessel and directed to 
New Orleans, where its passengers were finally landed. Leaving the other 
passengers in that city, or many of them, John Duncan took a boat for 
Nashville, arriving there at about the same time as did the Quapaw In- 
dians, who were being transferred to their new home in the West. He con- 
tinued northward to Saint Louis, but soon returned to Tennessee and vis- 
ited Nashville, then a town of four hundred inhabitants, but finally located 
at Clarksville, Tennessee. In 1880 he moved with his family to Little 
Rock, Arkansas, where for a while he was superintendent of the painting 
department of the Fort Smith and Little Rock Railroad Company. He 
afterward engaged in mercantile pursuits, but spent his last days in Harris- 
burg, Arkansas, passing away in 1902. He married Mary E. Johnson, who 
was born in Tennessee, a daughter of Len Johnson, a Virginian by birth 
and the descendant of a prominent Colonial family of the United States. 
She died at Little Rock. Arkansas, in 1884, leaving two children, namely: 
Jennie, wife of M. D. Simmons, a leading druggist of Harrisburg; and 
William H., with whom this sketch is chiefly concerned. 

Accompanying his parents on their journey from Clarksville, Ten- 
nessee, to Little Rock, Arkansas, William H. Duncan, then a lad of twelve 
years, was soon put to work, spending his days with his father in the rail- 
way department or as a clerk in a grocery, in the meantime acquiring his 
education at the night schools, having for his instructor Abe Bales, the pro- 
prietor of the school. His first work of any importance was that of mes- 
senger boy under Mr. Newton, superintendent of the Western Union Tele- 
graph Company of Little Rock. 

Coming to Harrisburg, Arkansas, in 1884, Mr. Duncan entered the 
employ of M. D. Simmons, for whom he did express work, performed the 
duties" of drug clerk, and assisted in the care of the postoffice. He sub- 
sequently formed a partnership with Mr. Simmons, with whom he was 



1332 HISTORY OF AliK'AXSAS 

associated for some time. After liis marriage ^Ir. Duncan entered into 
business with his father-in-law, and for twelve years was a member of the 
mercantile firm of T. A. Stone & Companj-. He subsequently founded the 
substantial business which he has since conducted under the name of W. H. 
Duncan & Company. 

On November 15, 1893, Mr. Duncan married Minnie Stone, a daugh- 
ter of T. A. Stone, one of the early pioneers of Poinsett county. Five 
children have blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Duncan, namely : Lorena, 
Lura, Lucy, Thomas and Eobert. True to the political faith of his father, 
who cast his fortunes with the Confederacy during the struggle between 
the states, acting as courier during a part of the war. Mr. Duncan is an 
uncompromising Democrat, and has been lionored by his county with selec- 
tion as a delegate to state Democratic cnn\( iitions. and, among other dele- 
gates, was appointed by Governor Davis l<i iv|iivs('iit Arkansas at the Levee 
Convention held in New Orleans. He liii> al-n -ir\id as recorder of Har- 
risburg. 

Since attaining his majority Mr. Duncan has been identiiied with tlie 
Masonic order. For eight vears he was secretary of Poinsett Lodge, Xo. 
184, A. F. & A. M., belongs to Harrislnn- .liapter, E. A. M., Xo. 74, and 
for the past sixteen years has attended ili, Ciand Lodge, his acquaintance 
with the leading ilasons of Arkansas Ik iiig extensive. Mr. Duncan is also 
a member and chancellor of the Knigiits of Pythias ; a member of the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows ; and belongs to the D. 0. K. K. He is 
secretary and a director of the Poinsett County Fair Association, one of the 
live and progressive organizations of the county, and has been influential 
in the establishment of various beneficial enterprises with which lie is not 
at present financially identified. He is a member and recording steward 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, South, toward the support of whicli he 
contributes generously. 

Judge John C. Mitchell. It is speaking with all conservatism to 
say that John C. Mitchell, county and probate judge of Poinsett county, 
has no peer in this section in the secure place he holds in popular confidence 
and esteem. In his case this golden opinion has been won by a long, quiet, 
unswerving career of good citizenship, unblemished by the chicaneries such 
as are indulged in by lesser men. Capable and efficient as a lawyer and 
jurist and faithful in every public and private trust, he has proved square 
from every point of view, and it is such as he who must have inspired the 
conclusion of Don Quixote, "A good name it better than bags of gold." 

Judge Mitchell, who has l)een honored with public office for many 
years and who is identified with various business enterprises at Harrisburg, 
was born about ten miles southwest of the county seat, January 4, 1865. 
He spent the first dozen years of his life in that community, his father then 
removing to Harrisburg and becoming engaged in merchandising, with 
which departnii'iii ,if Imsiness the elder gentleman remained actively and 
successfully allinl duiirg the remainder of his life. The father, whose 
name was Enoch Mitchell, was born in Cross county, Arkansas, in 1827, 
and liis father was one of the advance guard of civilization in the state, 
that doughty pioneer having been a farmer. He passed away in Cross 
county. His son, Enoch Mitchell, like many another young man of his 
day and generation, had little opportunity for education. He married 
Catherine Greenwood, a daughter of Jolm P. Greenwood, who had come 
to' the state from Alabama and passed away in 1895. his widow having 
survived him until the present and residing at Harrisburg, a worthy and 
venerable lady at the age of eighty-two years. The children of Enoch and 
Catherine Mitchell were as follows: William 0., of Truman, Arkansas, a 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1323 

niercliaut ; Maggie, who became the wife of J. W. Frayser and died in 
1884; Jarvis M., who died in 1880, as a young man; John C, the imme- 
diate subject of the review; Mrs. Jennie B. Gant, of Harrisbur^; Mrs. 
Floretta Holmes, wife of Harry Holmes, one of Harrislmrg's prominent 
and prosperous merchants; and Liua, who married J. C. Davis, of this 
city. 

John C. Mitchell had the advantage of a common school education in 
Harrisburg and first made himself useful as an assistant in the store of his 
father. In fact, he devoted his energies to merchandising for the period 
bounded by the years 1887 and 1893, but at the latter date entered poli- 
tics as an aspirant for the offices of recorder and clerk of the Circuit and 
Probate courts. He was a candidate of the Democratic party in 1894 and 
was successful and was re-eleeted two years later, making his first tenure 
(if (irtiec of four years' duration. He then engaged in the lumber business 
in Harrisburg, and after six years he again sought the circuit clerkship. 
He was elected in 1904 and, being twice re-elected, served six years in all 
and retired in November, 1910, to assume the office of county judge, to 
which he had just been elected. In this latter office he succeeded the late 
Judge J. R. Willis, who filled the office for a period of ten years. 

As a public official Judge Mitchell has performed the duties of his 
offices in a manner to satisfy in every way the people of the district, and 
all those who have been thrown iimst i losely into contact with him admire 

and respect him most. His 1 |Hd|ilc have endorsed him for years as an 

official and he has never beirawil tlinr Must. He has performed his public 
duty as a citizen of Harrisburg as a particularly wise and provident mem- 
ber of its council. He is a stockliolder in both banks of the city and was 
one of the promoters of the Merchants" and Planters' Bank of the city, 
in which at the present time he holds the office of president. Further rec- 
ord of this well-known monetary institution appears in the personal sketch 
of- its cashier on other pages of this work devoted to representative citizens 
of Arkansas. 

On September 21, 1891, Judge Mitchell inaugurated a particularly 
happy life companionship, the young woman to become his wife and the 
mistress of his household being Miss Lucy, daughter of James and De- 
grafenreed (Matthews) Sparks, ilr. Sparks, who was a pioneer of Poin- 
sett county, engaged in mercantile pursuits in Harrisburg, and here passed 
away. He was a settler from the state of Tennessee and a man of very use- 
ful citizenship. Mrs. Mitchell has a brother, Thomas W. Sparks, of Har- 
risburg; and a sister, Mrs. Bertha Clark, of Jonesboro, Arkansas. The 
subject and his wife have no children. Their Harrisburg home is one of 
culture and ideal hospitality and in his marriage the Judge completes the 
triumvirate of happiness — having high repute, professional success and 
domestic congeniality. 

Judge Mitchell is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows and is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of 
Jonesboro, while of beneficiary orders lie is a member of the Knights and 
Ladies of Honor, the Woodmen of the World and the Knights of the Mac- 
cabees. Both he and Mrs. Mitchell belong to the Methodist Episcopal 
church and are very zealous in their assistance of its campaign for riglit- 



Melville H. Fravsee. It is distinctly a pleasure here to accord 
recognition to one of Harrisburg's sterling young citizens, Melville H. 
Frayser, cashier of the Merchants' and Planters' Bank, of this city. He 
is a native son of Harrisburg and has ever done credit to his birthplace, 
to whose interests he is very loyal. Mr. Frayser was born April 25, 1878, 
his parents being John W. and Margaret (Mitchell) Frayser. The former 



i;^34 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

became identified with the mercantile interests of the town many years 
ago and the mother is a daughter of that prominent merchant and early 
settler, Enoch Mitchell, more extended mention of whom is made on other 
pages of this work devoted to representative citizens of the state. 

Melville H. Frayser, who is the only child of his parents, was edu- 
cated in the public schools of his native place and first became an active 
factor in the life of the community as deputy county and circuit court 
clerk, serving under Clerks Bowen and Mitchell and continuing as incum- 
bent of the office for six years. For a time after retiring from public serv- 
ice he utilized his energies in various capacities, until November, 1906, 
when he was elected to his present position and engaged iu banking. 

The Merchants' and Planters' Bank was established in November, 
1905, with a capital of $2.5,000, $23,300 of which is paid up. Its officers 
are Judge J. C. Mitchell, president ; L. D. Freeman, editor of the Modern 
News, vice-president; and Mr. Frayser, cashier. The board comprises the 
officers and the following gentlemen: Dr. J. C. Davis, J. A. Bradsher, L. 
C. Going, S. A. Bettes, W. A. Smith, T. A. Stone and-N. t. Whittaker. 

Mr. Frayser established a happy life -nm]iiini(iiis]iip when on Decem- 
ber 2.3, 1906, he was united in marriage i" Mi— V.lWr Gravette, his chosen 
lady being a daughter of W. B. Gravette. a ivpivMinitive of one of the old 
families of Poinsett county, who died while holding the office of county 
treasurer and who came hither from Tennessee. Mr. and Mrs. Frayser 
share their delightful home with a little son, Hobson. Mr. Frayser is a 
past noble grand of Mt. Pisgah Lodge, No. 465, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows ; is a consistent member of the Baptist church ; and holds political 
views in harmony with Democracy. He is possessed of high civic ideals 
and doubtless has in prospect a useful and honorable career. 

A. Harvey Landers. Arkansas, with its growing industrial activi- 
ties and splendid development, owes her proud place as a thriving common- 
wealth to the marked ability and high character of her native sons, through 
whose industry progress has been conserved and social stability fostered. 
He whose name initiates this review has gained recognition as one of the 
substantial business men and officials of Poinsett county, where he has 
resided during practically his entire life time and where he is now the 
popular and able incumbent of the offices of circuit clerk and county 
recorder. By his labors, his earnest co-operation in all matters projected 
for the general welfare and his sterling integrity and worth he has suc- 
ceeded in winning a high place for himself in the confidence and esteem 
of his fellowmen. 

A. Harvey Landers was born at Harrisburg, Arkansas, on the 37th of 
August, 1880, and he is a son of William C. Landers, who came to Poinsett 
county, Arkansas, in the ante-bellum days, the place of his nativity having 
been Cross county, this state. John Landers, grandfather of A. Harvey, 
established the family home in Cross county on his arrival from Tipton 
county, Tennessee. He married Miss Mary Cox and his death occurred at 
Cherry Valley, in the vicinity of which place his wife also died. Among 
their children were William C. : Stephen, who died at Harrisburg, leaving 
a family ; and Augustine, who first wedded a ^Ir. Grant, later a Mr. Snell- 
ings and wlio finally became the wife of a Mr. Jones. William C. Landers 
as a youth received a fair educational training in the country schools of 
the period. After the inception of the Civil war he served for two years as 
a faithful and gallant soldier in the Confederate army and when the war 
had ended and peace was again established throughout the country he set- 
tled down at Harrisburg, where he was engaged in the general merchandise 
business for some forty years. He married Semantha J. Martin, a daugh- 




-^L^^^^l^^^/'S^^'T^^ 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1325 

ter of Tennessee people from near Covington. The issue of the union were : 
Ada, who is the wife of J. R. Williams, of Harrisburg; Ida, who married 
R. L. Holmes and who makes her home at Harrisburg; Louise, who is now 
Mrs. W. G. Highfield, of Harrisburg; A. Harvey, the immediate subject 
of this sketch ; Linden N., who is deputy clerk of the county and who mar- 
ried Miss Ethel Mitchell; and Ed, who resides at Harrisburg and the 
maiden name of whose wife was Henrietta Bennett. 

A. Harvey Landers passed his minority at school in Harrisburg and 
when old enough he helped his father in the latter's store. After reaching 
his majority he turned his attention to general merchandising on his own 
account and he continued to be identified with that line of enterprise until 
1908, when he was connected with the stock business in the main until his 
assumption of the office he now holds. He won the nomination for the 
office of circuit clerk and county recorder in 1910 and was elected by a 
majority of some eighteen hundred votes, succeeding Jiidge J. C. Mitchell 
in the office. Although Mr. Landers has not been incumbent of the offices 
very long at the present time, he has taken hold of matters with a strong 
hand and his regime promises to be a good, conscientious one. In his po- 
litical convictions he accords a stalwart allegiance to the principles and 
policies promulgated by the Democratic party and he is a very active factor 
in all that tends to advance general progress and improvement. 

On the 2oth of December, 1903, was recorded the marriage of Mr. 
Landers to Miss May Power, a daughter of John W. Power. Mr. Power 
was originally a citizen of Knightstown, Indiana, whence he removed to 
Arkansas. Mr. and Mrs. Landers have one son, Linden D. 

Fraternally Mr. Landers is a valued and appreciative member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Knights of the Maccabees and the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is a man of fine discrimina- 
tion, shrewdness and splendid executive ability, is loyal and patriotic in his 
civic attitude and is decidedly popular among all classes of citizens. 

Dr. Charles J. Lincoln. In reviewing the history of the City of 
Little Rock and the causes that have led to its marvelous growth in the 
past half century, there is one man who stands out pre-eminent and that 
is Dr. C. J. Lincoln. As his name has always stood for progress along 
all lines of municipal improvement, it is fitting at this juncture that some 
facts about him should be made known. 

Charles James Lincoln was born in the state of Pennsylvania, April 
5, 1832. His parents. Elisha and Eliza (.\plin) Lincoln, were of old Puri- 
tan stock, being natives of Massachusetts and Connecticut respectively. 
When about five years of age, his family left their Pennsylvania home and 
removed to Ohio, locating near the town of Nelsonville, Hocking county. 
It was here that Dr. Lincoln spent the next ten years of his life, working 
with his father on the farm, which is after all the school in which the 
successful men of our country have been educated. 

In 1851 he left home, and doubtless attracted by the reports of a rich 
western country, went to Rock Island, Illinois, where he secured employ- 
ment in a drug store. Here he remained for five years. Dr. Lincoln be- 
gan the study of pharmacy, which pursuit he followed for so many years. 
In 1856 he left Illinois, coming south, and found temporary employment 
as a drug clerk in New Orleans. Then in January, 1857, he came to 
Little Rock, where he made his home throughout his subsequent life. 

Little Rock at this time was little more than a good sized frontier 
village, and no one has been more closely identified with the growth and 
progress of the city, than was Dr. Lincoln. His first employment was in 
the drug store of Dr. J. J. McAlmont, where he once more took up his 



r.]->r< HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

study of pharmacy and medicine. Although in later years his large busi- 
ness interests absorbed him almost to the exclusion of his profession, 
when the great conflict between the states was waged; he served for about 
two years as surgeon in the Sixth Arkansas Infantry Eegiment, Hardee's 
Brigade, Govan's Division. Although a native of a state north of the 
Mason and Dixon line, his loyalty to the state of his adoption led him 
to give his influence and support to the Confederacy. The records show 
thai Dr. Lincoln enlisted in the Capital Guards at Little Rock in the 
spring of 1861. That organization of the State Militia was assigned to 
duty in Lyon's Brigade and served principally in Tennessee, Mississippi, 
and Kentucky. During the latter part of the war, he served in Cleburne's 
Division, where he remained until he surrendered at Greensboro, Xorth 
Carolina, April 26, 1865. 

At the close of the war. Dr. Lincoln returned to Little Rock and 
secured employment in the drug store of R. L. Dodge. In the latter part 
of the year 1SG5 he purchased an interest in the concern, the firm name 
becoming E. L. Dodge & Company. This enterprise was the direct suc- 
cessor to the drug business of , S. H. Tucker which was established in 
Little Rock in 1834, and is the oldest house of its kind in Arkansas, and 
perhaps the oldest mercantile establishment of any kind in the state that 
has been continuously in business for so long a time. In 1868 Dr. Dodge 
sold his interest in the establishment to T. E. Welch and the style of 
the firm became Lincoln & Welch, and it was thus known until it even- 
tually became C. J. Lincoln Company. In an early period in its history, 
this had become a wholesale house and the firm of C. J. Lincoln Company 
was the first in Arkansas to put traveling salesmen on the road, having 
had representatives out as early as 1868. Dr. Lincoln acquired the last 
of the Welch interests in the concern in 1879 and ten years later the busi- 
ness was incorporated under its present name. 

Doctor Lincoln early associated with himself in the business, his son, 
C. K. Lincoln, who is the first Vice-President and Secretary of the Com- 
pany, its other active oflicers being J. H. Brown, second vice-president and 
manager, and L. J. Ashby, treasurer. The company is an important and 
substantial one, and gives employment to a large force. It is in truth 
one of those thriving concerns which have done so much toward the up- 
building and prosperity of the City of Little Rock. Dr. Lincoln con- 
tinued as the head of the company until his death on December 35, 1910, 
and the gro^ih and wonderful success of the firm were due in a great 
measure to his constant application and farseeing business sagacity. 

Dr. Lincoln was married on the fifteenth day of May, 1870, to ^liss 
Eudora Percival Knox of Van Buren, Arkansas, daughter of George W. 
and Eudora Rose Knox. Their union was blessed by the birth of two 
children, a son Charles Knox Lincoln, early associated with his father 
in the wholesale drug business and since his death the head of the firm, 
and a daughter Georgia L., the wife of Maj. J. A. Shipton of the United 
States Army. They have one child, Eudora Rose Shipton. 

It would be difficult to find any citizen whose loss would have been 
more keenly felt by tlic wluilc cnmniunity than Dr. Lincoln. For more 
than fifty years of rcsiilcni ,• Ik ic he enjoyed a wide acquaintance through- 
out the state and possr-.-i'ii ihc irspect and confidence of all sorts and con- 
ditions of men. All nua-mv-; lil<rly to result beneficially to the many had 
his sincerest champii)n-lii|i nml all classes his sympathy. He knew Little 
Rock before the war: ^aw ii iniciiie from that trying time and the terrible 
influences of the reconstruct idii period, and lived to see it grow to a fine 
position among the cities of tlie South. He was indeed one of the most 
loyal of its adopted sons. 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 13-27 

Hahry Hollies. In the development of the conunercial and mercan- 
tile interests of Harrisburg, Han-y Holmes has played an important part 
and thus has contributed in definite order to the prosperity of one of the 
live towns of Arkansas. He is one of the older merchants of this city and 
is the organizer and active spirit in the Harrisburg Supply Company. He 
has been a resident of the state since 1880, when he entered upon the 
serious affairs of life as a clerk iu Osceola, being at that place and at 
Nodena, a country town, for some three years. Upon his arrival in Har- 
risburg he became a clerk for Mitchell & Sparks, and when he severed his 
connection with them it was to engage in the newspaper business — his first 
serious independent venture. He was identified with the Fourth Estate 
of Arkansas for about a year, as editor and publisher of the weekly paper 
known as Freeman's Express. He sold out, however, and engaged for a 
time in the soft drink business, following that with a season's identifica- 
tion with the drug business. He was then attracted by an oflier to go into 
the hotel business in Somerville, Tennessee, but he did not find the new 
field a congenial one, and he returned to Harrisburg to resume his role as 
proprietor of a drug store. 

In the course of time ^Ir. Holmes disposed of the above-mentioned 
interests and established what proved to be the forerunner of his present 
extensive enterprise. In 1892 he engaged in the retail grocery business 
and two years later founded his present concern, or at least the dry goods 
department, for his first store was an exclusive dry goods concern. His 
house has since come to be a department store by a natural process of evo- 
lution and by the successive additions of different stocks and now includes 
hardware and implements in addition to the stock found in a general store. 
He also has a grocery near the railroad station, where some considerable 
business has congested, and he has a positive connection with agriculture 
in Poinsett county. 

Mr. Holmes was born in Itiwamba county, Mississippi, on the 26th 
day of June, 1861, the son of James Holmes, one of the martyrs of the 
Civil war. A Confederate soldier and member of the Twenty-first Mis- 
sissippi Infantry, he was killed in the battle of Resaca. He was born in 
North Carolina in 1836 and was the son of Isaac and Rebecca (Lynn) 
Holmes, farmers. The family is of Scotch origin and was among the 
earliest of those which found a haven in the United States, having been 
founded in the Colonial days of North Carolina. The mother's name was 
Combs and she was born in 1822, in Pulaski, Tennessee, her demise occur- 
ring at luka, Mississippi, on Christmas day, 1910, she having thus lived to 
within twelve years of the century mark. Her father, James Combs, was 
a man of no small prominence in his day and generation, his birth having 
occurred in the vicinity of Syracuse, New York. About the year 1797, 
when a young man, he rode from there on horseback to Savanna, Tennes- 
.see, where iis a young lawyer he took up the practice of the law and 
eventually became prosecuting attorney for his section of the state. He 
was a strong WTiig politically and acted with that party as against "Old 
Hickory" Jackson, the idol of Tennessee and national Democracy. Among 
his posterity is Mica Sterling Combs, a prominent undertaker of Nash- 
ville, Tennessee. The issue of James Holmes and his wife were: James 
Sterling, of Harrisburg, Arkansas ; Frederick, who died in 1879, unmar- 
ried ; Mary Alice, wife of J. T. Goyer, of luka, Mississippi : and Harry, 
the subject of the review. 

Mr. Holmes, our immediate subject, was educated in the public schools 
of luka. ^Fississippi: left the parental roof before reaching his majority, 
as above indicated : and cast his first vote at Osceola, Arkansas. He was 
married in Harrisburg. July 20, 1884, his wife being Miss Flora E. 



1328 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

Mitchell, daughter of his former employer. Enoch MitL-hell, who was the 
father of Judge J. C. Mitchell, mentioned on other pages of this work 
devoted to representative citizens of the state. The children of this happy 
\inion are Myrtle, wife of Harry E. Marshall, a young lawyer of Harris- 
burg; John M., associated with his father in business, his wife having been 
Miss Inez Bell; Roy, who is a member of the Harrisburg Supply Company, 
his wife having been Miss Sue Dobson previous io her marriage: and tlie 
Misses Flora C. and Margaret E. 

E. Frank Hussman, assistant cashier of the Exchange National Bank 
of Little Rock, is one of the active and representative citizens of the city, 
having ever proved essentially public-spirited and giving heart and hand to 
all measures calculated to result in civic benefit. He is an efficient, alert 
and well-trained banker and has taken an active part in Iniilding up tht- 
splendid institution with which he is identified. 

Mr. Hussman was born in St. Louis, ?iIissouri, on the 20th day of 
August, 1868, and was there reared and received his education. His 
parents were Francis and Florence (Hummert) Hussman, natives of Ger- 
many, and the subject is one of a large family of children. Mr. Hussman 
came to Little Rock in the latter part of July, 1891, to take a position in 
the Exchange National Bank, with which he has been ever since connected. 
He was promoted to his present position as assistant cashier on Decem- 
ber 5, 1906, and previous to this he had been teller for nearly fourteen 
years. During his twenty years identification with this monetary insti- 
tution he has made many friends and has manifested faithfulness and 
efficiency. 

Mr. Hussman is one of the most prominent of the members of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and he is a past exalted ruler of 
the lodge, having been twice elected to that office. 

In July, 1890, Mr. Hussman married Miss Rena Baker, and they have 
two children, Frank D. and Marguerite C. 

The Exchange National Bank has been in existence almost thirty 
years, its organization having occurred in February, 1882. The first presi- 
dent of the bank was W. P. Homan and he was followed by the following 
gentlemen: J. H. McCarthy, Charles F. Penzel, Allen Johnson and Cap- 
tain C. A. Pratt, the latter of whom holds that high office at the present 
time. It was originally organized with a capital stock of $80,000, which in 
1885 was increased to $100,000 and later to twice that amount. In 1904 
the Citizen's Bank was consolidated with the Exchange National and the 
capital stock increased to $300,000. It is one of the most important finan- 
cial institutions of the Southwest. 

Charles Wesley Phillips. Distinguished as the pioneer lumberman 
of Springdale, Washington county, and as one of its earlier contractors 
and carpenters, Charles Wesley Phillips has been actively identified with 
the upbuilding and material growth of this section of the state and an 
important factor in advancing its industrial interests. A son of Rev. Wil- 
liam Phillips, he was born in Moore county. North Carolina, June 30, 
1846. His grandfather, Lewis Phillips, a life-long resident, as far as 
known, of North Carolina, married a Miss Dickinson, and they reared 
nine children, Brinklcy, Absalom, Dabney, William, Robert, Lewis, 
Charles. Mrs. Nancy Check and Mrs. Norton, of Alabama. 

Rev. William Phillips was born in Moore county. North Carolina, 
in 1793, and died in Randolph county. North Carolina, in 1873, having 
lived a long and useful life. While engaged in preaching the gospel he 
also carried on general farming on a modest scale and reared his children 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1329 

in a rural commuuity. He married Esther Berryinan, a daughter of 
Stephen Berryraan, who belonged to an old and prominent family of the 
"Tar Heel" state. She passed to the life beyond in 1902, at the good old 
age of eighty-eight. To her and her husband eight children were born, as 
follows: Charles Wesley, with whom this sketch is chiefly concerned; 
James S. and Joseph P., of Randolph county, North Carolina; Barbara 
J., who married Calhoun Vun Cannon, and died in her home county; Wil- 
liam B., also of Randolph county. North Carolina ; Robert D., of Meredith, 
Florida; Jesse L., residing in Randolph county. North Carolina; and Lewis 
H., of Newton, North Carolina. 

Educated in the common schools of his native county, Charles Wesley 
Phillips learned the carpenter's trade when young, and soon after attain- 
ing his majority established himself at Lowell, Kansas, where he carried 
on carpentering for three years. Going then to the Sac and Fox agency 
of the Indian Territory, he was in the employ of the government as agency 
carpenter during the years 1872 and 1873. His first wife dying then, he 
returned with her body to their old home in Lowell, Kansas, and Lhere 
subsequently embarked in the grocery business. Leaving Lowell m 1875, 
Mr. Phillips opened a grocery at Joplin, Missouri, where he remained until 
1878, when he came to Arkansas and began a career which for the past 
thirty-two years has been connected with the domestic commerce of this 
state. 

Beginning life in Arkansas, Mr. Phillips resumed his trade in Spring- 
dale, which was just then assuming form as a thriving village, and for a 
number of years carried on an important work as a contractor. In 1885, 
responding to the demands of the town, he established a lumber yard, 
which he conducted most successfully until 1897, when he moved to Fay- 
etteville, Arkansas. Mr. Phillips established himself in the lumber busi- 
ness at Fayetteville and was there a resident until 1910, when he disposed 
of his lumber interests in that locality and returned to Springdale, finding 
content and happiness in resuming his position among the activities of the 
place. 

Wherever he has resided, as a faithful citizen he has responded to the 
call of his community for public service, and the public schools, or the 
City Council, or both, have felt the influence of his official acts. Politically 
he is a Democrat, and is now a member of the Common Council of Fay- 
etteville, where he still maintains his residence. Fraternally Mr. Phillips 
is a member of the Knights of Pythias and of the ''Hoo Hoos," an organ- 
ization of the lumbermen of the United States. Religiously he belongs to 
the ]\[ethodist church, South, and is chairman of the Board of Trustees of 
the Fayetteville church. 

In" Randolph county. North Carolina, October 31, 1867, Mr. Phillips 
married Louisa Lowdermilk, who was of German descent and a daughter 
of Emsley Lowdermilk. She died in 1873, leaving no children. Mr. Phil- 
lips married for his second wife, March 5, 1874, Cornelia Lowdermilk, a 
sister of his first wife, and they are the parents of three children, namely : 
Mabel G., a graduate of the University of Arkansas, is a teacher of paint- 
ing and china decorating at Fayetteville; Charles Oliver, also a graduate 
of the University of Arkansas, is cashier of the First National Bank of 
Prairie Grove, Arkansas; and Roberta Grace, who received her diploma at 
the University of Arkansas, is a teacher in the city schools of Fort Smith. 

Geoege Dean Paeks. A man of sterling character and pronounced 
business acumen, George D. Parks is widely known as president of the 
First National Bank of Rogers, and as one of the leading merchants of the 
city. He was born December 9, 1865, in Sullivan, Indiana, which was 
likewise the birthplace of his father, James Parks. He comes from old 



1330 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

Virginia stock, the parent family from which he is descended having been 
divided into two branches, one of which located in the North and the other 
in tlie South. 

The founder of the Northern branch of the Parks famih" was Mr. 
Parks' great-grandfather, who emigrated from Virginia and founded a 
family which has ramifications all through tlie North and West. His 
brother located in Mississippi, where his posterity, also, multiplied, spread- 
ing its branches all over the South. Both families were radical in their 
opinions of governmental policy, and both contributed soldiers for the 
contending armies which terminated involuntarv servitude in this coun- 
try. 

George Parks, the grandfather of George Dean, was a pioneer settler 
of Sullivan county, Indiana, going with his parents from Virginia to El- 
liottsville. Indiana, just after the close of the war of 1812, while the 
Hoosier state was still wearing territorial garb. When ready to settle 
permanently, he opened a general store in Sullivan, and was there engaged 
in active business until ninety-four years of age, when he retired from 
active cares. He subsequently enjoyed ten years of well-earned leisure, 
])assing awav at the remarkable age of one hundred and four vears, in 
1895. 

James Parks began his active career as a merchant in Sullivan, In- 
diana, but afterwards settled in Clinton, Iowa, from there coming with his 
family to .\rkansas and locating in Rogers, where he continued his resi- 
dence until his death, in 1909. He married Cynthia Lemon, who pre- 
ceded him to the life beyond, passing away in Rogers, Arkansas, in 1905. 
She belonged to an old and honored family of Indiana, one that was identi- 
fied with the Union cause during the time of the Civil war. To her and 
her liusband five children were born, namely: Eugene, a traveling sales- 
.nian : George Dean, the subject of this sketch ; Jessie, wife of Louis Shafer, 
of Scott, Ohio ; Laura, wife of L. J. Bates, of Chicago ; and Mattie, wife 
of .T. Rhoades. of Rogers. Arkansas. 

Eihicated in the public schools of Clinton. Iowa, George Dean Parks 
there obtained his early business experience, first as a clerk and later as a 
bookkeeper in a retail store. Locating in Rogers in 1892, he soon embarked 
in mercantile pursuits on his own account, his first venture alone being in 
the character of a department store, only upon a small scale. His venture 
proving satisfactory in every way, he soon enlarged his operations, syste- 
matized his methods, bringing into prominence each separate department 
of his store, which presents an appearance equal to any retail establishment 
in a large city. His establishment in Rogers has a double front, one on 
Main street and the other on Walnut street, and both of its floors are 
ideally arranged for the purpose for which they are used. Mr. Parks i^ 
likouiso a partner in the Campbell & Bell Dry Goods Company, of Fayette- 
\ill('. .\rkaiisas. and is the buyer for that enterprising firm. The First 
National Bank of Rogers, with which Mr. Parks is officially connected, 
was .■hartered in 1905, and has now a capital of fifty thousand dollars, 
with a surplus of ten thousand dollars. Mr. Parks has served as its presi- 
dent since its organization, Mr. F. Z. Meek being vice-president and Wil- 
liam H. Cowman, cashier. 

Mr. Parks married, in Rogers, Arkansas, June 6, 1899, Bessie Wilniot. 
a daughter of Asa C. Wilmot, of whom a brief sketch may be found else- 
where in this work. Three children have been born to them, namely: 
Dean, Margaret, and John. Mr. Parks' pleasant home, on the corner of 
Poplar and Fifth streets, is one of the most cozy and attractive cottages 
in the city, and its doors are ever hospitably open to his large circle of 
friends. Mr. and Mrs. Parks are members of the Congregational church. 



HI8T0KY OF ARKAXSAS 1331 

Rev. Joseph Fleming Little. Representing in his active career a 
combination of religious work and commercial enterprise, Rev. Joseph 
Fleming Little, of Rogers, Arkansas, has met with signal sticcess in both 
fields of endeavor, his efforts showing the accomplishments of a progres- 
sive, capable and practical man. A son of Rev. N. W. Little, he was born 
in Graves county, Kentucky, May 29, 1861. He is of pioneer ancestry, 
his grandfather, John Little, and his great-grandfather, Isaac Little, hav- 
ing migrated from Virginia to Kentucky at an early period of its settle- 
ment. Isaac Little, who was one of the first school teachers of the Corn- 
cracker state, married a Miss C'asc\. wlu. was of Irish lineage, belonging 
to a family prominent in the nidlici! nml iiiercantile circles of Tennessee 
and Kentucky. John Little marrinl lirfoic attaining to his majority Nancy 
Jackson, who died at the age of twentv-onu years, leaving him with one 
child, N. W. Little. 

K W. Little was born in Graves county, Kentucky, in 1837, and 
died in that county in 1890. He was a man of strong religious convictions 
and deep consecration, and during the twenty-five years that he was a 
preacher in the Primitive Baptist church gave his heart and his soul to his 
work, being an earnest laborer in the Master's vineyard. He married Sallie 
Frazier, who was of Irish descent, being a daughter of Ralph Frazier, a 
well-known farmer. She was born seventy-five years ago, and died at 
Rogers, Arkansas, ilarch I, 1911. The children of their marriage are as 
follows: Bettie, who married J. T. McNeely, died in Kentucky; John R., 
of Rogers, Arkansas; Rev. Joseph F., the subject of this personal review; 
Laura, a teacher in the Rogers Academy; and N. \Y. Little, engaged in 
mercantile pursuits at Avoca, Arkansas. 

Obtaining his rudimentary education in the schools of his native 
county. Rev. Joseph F. Little subsequently spent four years as a student in 
Clinton College, in Clinton, Kentucky. Starting in life for himself as 
clerk in a store, he was for a while in the employ of T. J. Bailey, at Birney, 
Missouri. Going from there to Cleburne, Texas, Mr. Little was there 
associated with several mercantile establishments. He was there, also, 
officially engaged in missionary labors, and in 1895 was ordained to the 
ministry by Revs. W. J. Brown, George W. Bains, J. M. Booth and H. I>. 
Helsley, and appointed associate evangelist of the State Missionary Board. 
In 1904 Mr. Little was sent by the Baptist State Board as missionary 
to Arkansas, and spent four years in that work. He is now financial agent 
of the Ouachita system of schools, and among his other duties fills the pul- 
pits of Baptist congregations, his services being in constant demand. When 
first ordained as a pastor he was assigned to the churches at Marystown, 
Rio Vista and Pleasant Point, in Johnson county, Texas, having so dem- 
onstrated his ability as an evangelist as to be assigned to that field of labor 
in the very early part of his religious career. 

For a few years after locating in Rogers, Arkansas, Mr. Little was 
engaged in the real estate business, being senior member of the firm of 
Little & Greenfield, which was discontinued in 1910, upon the organiza- 
tion of the First State Trust Company. This company began business 
January 11, 1911, with a capital of one hundred thousand dollars, one- 
half of which is paid up, and has for its officers J. F. Little, president ; J. 
T. Greenfield, vice-president; and A. W. Bevers, secretary and treasurer. 
The purpose of this corporation of strong men is to act as guardian for 
minor heirs and incompetents : to furnish abstracts of title to real estate ; 
to write fire insurance ; and to arrange for cheap money for loans to cus- 
tomers upon Arkansas lands. 

Rev. Mr. Little married, January 2, 1891, in Dunklin county, JMis- 
.souri, Lavonia Summers, who was born in Stoddard countv, Missouri, a 



1332 HISTORY OF ARK^iNSAS 

daughter of Oscar Summers and a granddaughter of Judge John Long, of 
Saint Louis, Missouri. Mr. and Mrs. Little are the parents of seven chil- 
dren, namely: Lloyd T., who married Miss Jewel Haswell, of Garfield, Ar- 
kansas; Lelia, Maud, Nannie May, Mary, Neil and Joseph. 

Fraternally Mr. Little has passed over both routes to the high point in 
Masonry, being a member and past officer of the Blue Lodge at Rogers; 
a member of Bethany Conimandery, No. 16, K. T., of Bentonville; of the 
Albert Pike Consistory, at Little Rock; and of the Al xVmin Shrine, A. A. 
0. N. M. S., of that city. He is likewise a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. 

NoRBOENE S. Henry is at the present time giving most efficient serv- 
ice as treasurer of Benton county, and he is one of the old residents of Ben- 
tonville. For nearly forty years he has been actively identified with the 
business affairs of the city, and both in domestic commercial matters and 
in industrial afliairs is extensively known. Born in Augusta county, Vir- 
ginia, on the 10th of August, 1841, Mr. Henry passed his boyhood and 
youth in Waynesboro, where he acquired his education in a private academy. 
His father. Dr. Richard H. Henry, was a native of Lancaster, Pennsyl- 
vania, where his birth occurred in 1800 and whence he was taken by his 
mother to Staunton, Virginia, when but six months old. The father of Dr. 
Henry was a Scotsman and was the founder of the American branch of 
this family. The mother of the Doctor, after the death of her husband, 
became the wife of M. B. Brooks. Her children were : Richard H. Henry, 
Norborne C. Brooks, Henrietta, who died unmarried, and Hannah, who 
became the wife of M. Raines. 

Dr. Richard H. Henry passed his life in Augusta county, Virginia, 
and after due preliminary educational training he was matriculated in a 
medical college in New York City, in which he was graduated as a member 
of the class of 1819, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He was en- 
gaged in professional work in the Old Dominion commonwealth until his 
death, in 1844. He married Susan M. Cosby, a daughter of Dabney Cosby, 
a Virginia contractor. She long survived her honored husband and passed 
away in January, 1861. Dr. and Mrs. Henry became the parents of the 
following children: Mary F., who wedded Ed. T. Jones; Sue W. became 
the wife of George W. Netherland, general superintendent of the Chesa- 
peake & Ohio Railroad Company, and she died in Richmond, Virginia; 
Carrie C. married P. L. Yarbrough and passed her life in Millboro, Vir- 
ginia; Henrietta married Mr. Nichols and died during the Civil war at 
Millboro, Virginia; Cornelia Ann became the wife of L. N. Stearnes and 
died at Ruther Glenn, Virginia; Amanda W. became Mrs. S. C. Baskins 
and passed her life at Staunton and Roanoke, Virginia, in which latter 
place she is buried; Richard H. Bell, who was adopted by John Bell and 
spent his life in Staunton, Virginia ; and Norborne S., of this sketch. 

Norborne S. Henry began life as a merchant's clerk at Pittsylvania 
Courthouse, Virginia, and when seventeen years of age he returned to 
Staunton and spent one year, 1858, in the academy at that place. He then 
went to Lexington, Virginia, and secured a clerkship in the establishment 
of Bacon & Lewis, and was so employed at the time of the inception of the 
Civil war. Mr. Henry entered the military service of the Confederacy 
on May 11. 1861, as a member of the Rockbridge Artillery. Stonewall's 
brigade. First Division of the Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. 
He participated in all the important engagements of his command in Vir- 
ginia, Pcimsylvania and Maryland, starting in at Falling Waters, Vir- 
ginia, First Manassas, then back to the Shenandoah Valley, where he 
fought at Kerntown, McDowell, Middleton, AVinchester, Cross Keys and 



HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 1333 

Port Republic. Thereafter the army was again transferred and it joined 
Lee's army where it opened the Seven Days' fight. Following this came 
Cedar Run, Second j\Ianas.«as, Sharpsburg and Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Fort Gilmer and 
Appomattox, where he was a witness of the closing scenes of the prolonged 
and sanguinary struggle between the North and South. During this 
strenuous service ilr. Henry was a private until advanced to the rank of 
sergeant, and he was paroled as such at the close of the war. He passed 
through the shot and shell unscathed, save for a bruise by a spent ball at 
Second Cold Harbor and a good shaking up at Port Republic by the ex- 
plosion, almost under him, of a twelve-pound shell, which almost buried him 
in the dirt and debris caused by the concussion. 

On January 1, 18G.5, Mr. Henry became a clerk in Danville, Virginia, 
where he remained until 1867, when he removed to Sedalia, Missouri. 
After two years' residence in the latter place he went to Seneca, Missouri, 
and engaged in the hardware business. In 1871 he came to Arkansas and 
established himself at Bentonville, where he opened a hardware establish- 
ment. He sold goods until 1885, when he joined in a railroad venture, 
building a road from Rogers to Bentonville, the Bentonville Railroad Com- 
pany being the constructing and operating company. Mr. Henry was gen- 
eral manager of the road when he severed his connection with it, af1er a 
period of thirteen years in the business. In 1897 he again opened a gen- 
eral mercantile establishment in Bentonville, and after spending several 
years in various commercial pursuits he permanently retired from business 
life. At this juncture he entered politics for the first time in his own 
interest, and he became the nominee, on the Democratic ticket, for the 
office of county treasurer of Benton county. He was elected at a special 
election in July, 1909, and was re-elected in the fall election of 1910. In 
the office he has emphasized the importance of keeping complete records of 
the daily transactions in the treasurer's department by installing a new 
system of bookkeeping, showing daily balances of all funds of the county, 
even to the most remote school district, and showing at all times the re- 
ceipts and disbursements of any fund for the immediate information of 
the public or the county court. In his political convictions, as already inti- 
mated, Mr. Henry is a stanch adherent of the principles and policies of the 
Democratic party, and he has ever given freely of his aid and influence in 
support of all measures and enterprises advanced for the general welfare. 
Both he and his wife are devout members of the Presbyterian church, in 
which he is serving as president and elder. He has attended the presby- 
teries and synods of the district and he was a member of the General As- 
sembly of the church at Atlanta, Georgia, in 1903. 

On the 29th of September, 1873, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Henry to Miss Martha E. Talliaferro, a daughter of Dr. Charles D. Tal- 
liaferro, of Tennessee. Mrs. Henry was born in Benton county, Arkansas, 
in 1851, in which year her parents established their home here. The chil- 
dren of this marriage are: Carrie B., who is the wife of W. M. Fishback, 
of Bentonville; Norborne R., a railroad man, who resides at Rock Island, 
Illinois; Dr. Richard T., of Bentonville, Arkansas; Jane W. wife of Geo. 
Pickard; Sue D., who died in 1894; Catherine E., wife of W. K. Mont- 
gomery, of New York city; Mary Frances, deceased; and Cornelia Jett, a 
student in Cooper Union Institute, New York. 

"William H. Gabanplo. One of Little Rock's recent and most im- 
portant acquisitions is William H. Garanflo, president of the State 
National Bank, the city's largest financial institution. This eminent 
banker and financier came here in 1911 from New Madrid, Missouri, 



1334 , HISTOKY OF ARKANSAS 

where he had resided since A^'MK ^iml where he had been connected with 
various important organizalimis. mkIi as the Mann & Garanflo Land 
Company and the St. Louis ik .Misxmii Sdulhern Railway Company, now 
building in Missouri with the expeetatiou of reaching Arkansas' capital 
city at a not far distant date. Of the latter he held the office of vice- 
president. Mr. Uarautlo has elected to make this city his permanent 
home and with this in view has invested extensively in real estate in 
Little Rock and other section of the state. He is a man of great execu- 
tive gifts, combined with sound judgment and initiative, and he ever 
makes a particularly valuable adjunct to any enterprise, the State Bank 
being indeed to be congratulated upon securing him as its i^rincipal 
office!". All concerns with which he has been identified have profited in 
marked degree by his executive ability, tireless energy and genius in 
the broad combination and concentration of applicable forces. His value 
to the community is appreciably increased by the fact that he is a man 
of public spirit and altruistic tendencies. 

In Mr. Garanflo are united the French and English elements. The 
paternal ancestors came originally from France, the family locating in 
Germany in 1812, and coming to this country as early as 1832. They 
located on the shores of Lake Erie in Pennsylvania, and in Erie county, 
that state, occurred the birth of the subject on the 8th day of May, 1865. 
The father, Frederick Garanflo, was born in Gei-many in 1830, and thus 
was but two years of age when he became a citizen of the United States. 
The mother, whose maiden name was Abigail Mills, was of an English 
family and was born in Hartford, Connecticut. In 1873 Mr. Garanflo, 
who was then a lad in the neighborhood of eight years of age, removed 
with his parents to what was then the frontier of civilization— Osborne 
county, northern Kansas. At the age of fifteen years he commenced to 
teach school and subsequently finished his education, taking scientific 
and commercial courses in Kansas College. 

Mr. Garanflo 's career as a banker was inaugurated in Kansas in 
1888, when he accepted a minor position in a monetary institution in 
Portis. Kansas. In 1890 he removed to southeastern Missouri and there 
successfully engaged in banking and other enteiprises, establishing the 
first bank at New Madrid in the year mentioned. In course of time he 
organized the ]\Iann & (iaranflo Land Company and subsequently ac- 
cepted the jiosition of vice-president of the St. Louis & Missouri South- 
ern Railway Company. He was a member of the board of regents of 
the Cape Girardeau Normal School, but resigned this upon his accept- 
ance of his present office and its attendant change of residence, also 
severing his official banking connection at New ^Madrid, Missouri. His 
residence at that place had been of more than twenty years' duration. 

On the 25th day of December, 1888, Mr. Garanflo was united in 
marriage to Miss Annie Thompson, who was born and reared in New 
York city, and she is the daughter of an English family. They share 
their charming home with nine promising sons and daughters, whose 
names are as follows : Fred, George. Constance, Melvin, Mildred. Will- 
iam, Robert, Edith and Alice. 

Hon. Emanuel M. Funk. Excelling in achievements and command- 
ing success in diverse fields of endeavor, Hon. Emanuel M. Funk, of Rog- 
ers, Benton county, has met with recognition as a skilful and able lawyer; 
is influential in the field of journalism; and has attained prominence as a 
politician. A native of Illinois, he was born near Mount Morris, Ogle 
county, July 20, 1851, a son of Michael Funk. His paternal grandfather, 
Samuel Funk, a miller by trade and a Dunkard in religion, settled as a 



HISTORY OF AKKAN^SAS 133.') 

pioneer in Illinois in 1839, and spent his last years in Ogle county, that 
state. 

The descendant of a Virginia family which had German blood cours- 
ing through its veins, Michael Funk was born, in 1822, in Maryland. As a 
young man he served an apprenticeship at the coopers trade, and was 
afterwards a merchant, and eventually became a stockman and farmer. 
Moving with his family to Iowa in 1854, he settled in Poweshiek county as 
an agriculturist, and was there a resident until his death, in 1899, with 
the exception of twelve years (1886-1897), when he lived in Louisiana. 
A stanch Democrat in politics, he <ui)pi'ilc(l liis party's candidate for the 

presidency at every election excepuiii; tli ic in which Horace Greeley 

was the Democratic nominee, his ^on l-'.iiianucl. however, supporting the 
candidate of the Southern Democrats. He married Adaline Newcomer, a 
daughter of Emanuel Newcomer, of Virginia. She died in Poweshiek 
county, Iowa, in June, 1900, aged seventy-si.\ years. Six children were 
born of their union, as follows: Mrs. George Cox, of Deep Kiver, Iowa; 
Henry U., of Eogers, engaged in the practice of law with his brother; 
Emanuel M., the subject of this brief sketch ; George, pastor of a Presby- 
terian church at Fort Worth, Texas ; Lee, of Iowa, Louisiana ; and Martin, 
who died aged fifteen months. 

Completing his early education in the public schools of Iowa, Emanuel 
M. Funk began reading law in tlic ntlicc nf In- lunther Henry before he 
attained his majority. In 1881, lu'f.nv .lu.luv \lrrA. he was admitted to the 
bar in Audubon coimty, Iowa, and in ISDI \\;is :iiliiiittcd to practice in the 
Supreme Court before Chief Justice Black. Beginning the practice of his 
profession in Iowa, he has met with good success as a lawyer: At the age 
of twenty-one years Mr. Funk entered the political arena as a delegate to a 
county convention, and subsequently served in similar capacities in both 
county and state. He was an alternate to the national Democratic con- 
ventions of 1888 and 1892, and has a wide acquaintance with the prominent 
men of his party, among his warm personal friends being William J. 
Bryan, in whose interests he stumped the states of Missouri and Arkansas 
in "1896. 

During the same year, 1896. Mr. Funk located in Rogers, Arkansas, 
having sold to J. H. Pollard the Springdale Democrat, which he had 
founded in 1896. In company with his son, Erwin C. Funk, he purchased 
from William Butler the Rogers Democrat, a paper which was established 
in 1881, by Mason & Graham, as the News Era. In 1892 the name was 
changed to the Rogers Democrat, and the Messrs. Funk, its present owners, 
are maintaining its high standing as one of the foremost Democratic 
organs of the state. 

Continuing his activities in the field of politics, Mr. Funk was elected 
to the State Legislature from Benton county, and was a member of the 
Committee on Ways and Means, and chairman of the Printing Committee. 
He was also one of the special committee to check up the state officials, 
and especially the office of Governor Davis, at that session of the law- 
making body of Arkansas. In the investigations that followed of the state 
offices, the committee found some irregularities in the handling of funds, 
and the report of its members to the Legislature shows this condition to 
have been the most serious charge sustained. While in the Legislature, 
Jlr. Fttnk introduced a measure providing for the depositing of surpltis 
county funds with banks paying interest on daily balances, but the measure 
failed to pass. At a more recent session, a similar bill became a law, and 
the school fund of the state is thereby enriched He secured the passage of 
an act to enlarge the State Insane Asylum; one to make some beneficial 
changes in the road law; and another increasing the powers of the State 



1336 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

Railroad Commission. He was appointed by Governor Jones a commis- 
sioner for Arkansas to the Trans-Mississippi Exposition. 

On March 16, 1876, in Poweshiek county, Iowa, Mr. Funk was united 
in marriage with Addie L. Walters, a daughter of Philip and Catherine 
(Weimer) Walters, natives, respectively, of Virginia and New York. Four 
children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Funk, namely: Erwin C, one of 
the proprietors of the Rogers Democrat, married Minnie M. Michael ; Wini- 
fred C, wife of J. S. Marshall, of Muskogee, Oklahoma ; Grace, a graduate 
of the Moody Bible School, at Chicago, Illinois, is now a missionary of the 
Congregational church at Chaoaw, China ; and Irma F., a student in the 
University of Arkansas. 

Asa C. Wilmot. Conspicuous among the Benton county citizens 
whose individuality and influence has impressed itself along the channels 
standing for progress and prosperity is Asa C. Wilmot, of Rogers. Coming 
to Arkansas to avoid the extremes of climate of the frigid North, the 
gentle breezes of the Ozarks, the silky air and clear Italian sky have con- 
spired to induce him, as well as others from every cardinal point, to here 
establish a permanent home. He was born September 28, 1839, in Chau- 
tauqua county. New York. 

Asa C. Wilmot, Sr., his father, was born in Utica, New York, in 1800, 
and was engaged in farming and lumbering in his native state until his 
death, in 1840, while yet in the prime of life. He married Phebe Gardner, 
a native of Oneida countj'. New York. She survived him, living on the 
home farm until after her children were well settled in life, when she 
moved to Plover, Wisconsin, where she resided until her death, in 1896, 
at the venerable age of ninety-six years. Her children were as follows: 
Mariette, who married Captain John Nelson, master of a Lake Erie boat, 
and died in early life; Irene, who died near Nauvoo, Illinois, married 
George Black; Ursula, who became the wife of Judge Minor Strope, of 
Plover, Wisconsin, died in that place; Jane married John Warner, and 
died at Hamlin, New York; Jeannette became the second wife of Cass 
Beech, and spent her last years in Plover, Wisconsin ; Adaliue was the first 
wife of Cass Beech; Frederick died in Plover, Wisconsin; George died in 
Plover, Wisconsin ; and xVsa C, Jr., is the youngest child. 

Leaving the Empire state when a young man, Asa C. Wilmot spent a 
short time in Hancock county, Illinois, from there going to Wisconsin, 
locating first at Plover, but later going to Stevens Point, where he lived 
twenty-seven years. During his earlier life he was identified with the 
lumber regions of the Mississippi basin, working in the forests of Minne- 
sota and Wisconsin. On August 20, 1863, at Stevens Point, Wisconsin, he 
j;nlisted in Company D, Fifth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, being made 
.-iergeant of his company and serving under Colonel Allen, who, as senior 
colonel, was commander of the Third Brigade much of the time. Being, 
with his regiment, a part of the First Division, Sixth Corps, commanded 
first by General Sedgwick and later by General Wright, Mr. Wilmot 
served in the Array of the Potomac, being with General Sheridan in the 
valley of the Shenandoah and with General Grant's Army in the reduction 
of Richmond and the capture of the Confederate forces under General Lee. 
Mr. Wilmot fought in the battle of Winchester and at Cedar Creek, where 
Sheridan made his famous ride, afterward joining the forces operating 
around Richmond, being at Petersburg and at other points of furious fight- 
ing during the closing months of the conflict. In the engagement with 
General Early, at Cedar Creek, Mr. Wilmot was hit in the foot by a piece 
of shell, his only casualty during the war. He was present at the last 
"rites" of the Confederacy, at Appomattox, after which he attended the 



HTSTOIJY OF ARKAXSA8 1337 

Grand Keview at Washington, D. C, where, with his regiment, he was 
mustered out of service. 

Returning then to Wisconsin, Mr. Wilmot engaged in lumbering for 
a few years, when he establislied himself in Minnesota, where he was en- 
gaged in financial pursuits for a time. He subsequently spent a brief while 
as a hotel keeper in North Dakota, but resumed his regular channels of 
business in Minnesota, making Saint Paul his home until 1893, when he 
brought his family to Rogers, Arkansas. 

Becoming extremely interested in the matter of determining at sight 
good money, and, thereby, to detect counterfeit coin or paper, or raised 
bills, and to qualify himself as a teaclier of the art, Mr. Wilmot went to 
Washington, D. C, and made a close study of the art in the treasury 
department. Having thus gained an expert knowledge of the subject of 
money manufacturing, he found it necessary to procure the consent of the 
Government before he could engage in the business of instructing others. 
The Government having granted him a permit to use his knowledge, he is 
one of a few persons authorized by the Government to engage in this work. 
His calling is one of great value to the money handlers of the country, and 
he is a strong factor in combatting the evils of the counterfeiters by edu- 
cating the people not to take their productions. His work, naturally, 
takes him away from Rogers much of the time, as, accompanied by his 
wife, he makes long trips over different parts of the Ignited States, spread- 
ing knowledge of value, making new friends in every part of our country, 
and acquiring an experience that forms a large part of his enjovment of 
life. 

On September 28, 1861, in Waupaca county, Wisconsin, Mr. Wilmot 
was united in marriage with Anna Morrison, a daughter of Robert Mor- 
rison, a Scotchman, who married Mahala Brooks, of Kentucky. She was 
born in Marion county, Indiana, in 1841, being one of a family of six 
children. Four children have blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Wilmot, 
namely: Walter R., of Minneapolis, is a demonstrator of automobiles, rep- 
resenting one of the leading factories of the Unit«d States; Sybil, widow 
of 0. M. Mitchell, resides in Chicago, Illinois; Bessie E. is the wife of 
George D. Parks, one of the leading merchants of Rogers, and president 
of the First National Bank; and John C. is superintendent of a variety 
factory in Chicago. 

James M. Shinx, of Harrison, is a leading attorney of the bar of 
Boone county, where he has maintained his residence since 1901. This 
gifted representative of his profession is a native son of the state, and he is 
still to be accounted among the younger generation, his birth having oc- 
curred in Newton county November 14, 1872, in the neighborhood of 
Western Grove. He is a representative of one of the pioneer families of 
Newton county, his father, Thomas J. Shinn, having been born there in 
June, 18.51. Thomas J. Shifin received his education in the country 
schools of the district of his nativity and in the city schools of Russell- 
ville, Arkansas, and by a self-directed course of reading he prepared him- 
self for the practice of medicine. Since the early seventies he has been 
identified with the medical profession, save during that time in which he 
served the county in public office and even then finding occasion to minister 
to his former patrons from time to time. 

Dr. Shinn is one of the forces in the Democratic affairs of Newton 
county. He has served the county as sheriff and as circuit and county clerk 
and he was also sent to the legislature of the state as a member of the 
Lower House, which was signal mark of the confidence he had inspired in 
his constituents, the county having a normal Republican majority. 



13;?S HISTORY OF AltKAXSAS 

The Shinn family was founded in Newton county by James M. Shinu, 
tlie grandfather of the subject, who was a native of Buncombe county, 
Xorth Carolina. He and one Captain Kussoll settled as Arkansas pioneers 
in the town now known as Eussellville, and when a postoffice was located 
there the community was deemed worthy of a name. In fact a name was a 
necessity. With all gallantry Captain Russell announced his conviction 
that Shinnville would be an appropriate and excellent name, but Mr. Shinn 
demurred and proposed Russellville, eloquently commenting upon its su- 
perior merits. It was at last found necessary to flip a coin in order to 
arrive at a decision and "Russellville" won. In 1850 Mr. Shinn removed to 
Xewton county and there died in 1873, at the age of sixty-one years. He 
was a veteran of the Mexican war and the captain of a company of Arkan- 
sas troops. He was a man in whom much confidence was placed and while 
a resident of Pope county he was sent to represent the same in the State 
Legislature. Within the years bounded by his advent into the state in 
1845 until his death in 1873 he witnessed remarkable growth on the part 
of the commonwealth, while contributing in due measure to the same. 
He was a Mason and a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. The 
maiden name of the wife of the' grandfather of James M. Shinn was 
Sophia Harkee, and Dr. Thomas J. Sliinn was their only son. These 
worthy people had also daughters as follows: Paulina, who became the 
wife of Hugh Wells, a soldier of the Mexican war and father of James 
Wells, of Bentonville; Mrs. John Lee, of Western Grove, Arkansas; Mrs. 
W. R. Lee, of Oklahoma; and Priscilla. who became Mrs. ililligan. of West- 
ern Grove, Arkansas. 

. Dr. Shinn married Elizabeth Sanders, a daughter of Peter S. Sanders, 
a native of New Jersey, who removed to Douglass count}', Missouri, and 
thence to Arkansas. Their sons and daughters were James M., of this 
review ; Thomas J., Jr., of Waggoner, Oklahoma, a graduate of the medi- 
cal department of the University of Arkansas and a practicing physician; 
Sanders, of Western Grove, Arkansas; Ernest C, of Yardell, Arkansas, 
engaged in the mercantile business; Jennie, wife of Robert Johnson, of 
Western Grove, Arkansas; Maude, who married Allen Thompson and re- 
sides at tlie same point; and Claude, wife of John B. Gray, also of Western 
Grove. 

James M. Shinn was reared in the vicinity of his birthplace and re- 
ceived his education in the rural schools, and also in those of Mountain 
Home, Baxter county, Arkansas. While still quite young he chose the law 
as a profession and began preparation for it in the office of Judge Spear, 
of Jasper. He began its practice before he was twenty years old, in the 
inferior courts, and was admitted to the bar in July, 1893. He was ad- 
mitted to the Federal court and became a member of the law firm of Brisco 
& Shinn at Jasper immediately upon his admission. He remained in this 
association until his election as prosecuting attorney of the Fourteenth 
judicial district of Arkansas in 1899 and two years later he located at Har- 
rison. He was returned twice to the same office at as many elections and 
served six years as the state's representative in all criminal prosecutions 
of the district. His term of office covered a period of much activity among 
the criminal class, all sorts of crimes against the peace and dignity of the 
state coming under his jurisdiction for settlement, and, while many were 
atrocious, none exceeded the murder of George Miller by John Blair. In 
spite of the fact that "self-defense" was pleaded and tlfere were no wit- 
nesses to the killing, ilr. Sliinn secured a verdict of guilty and Blair 
received a twelve-year sentence. 

Since the expiration of his office as prosecuting attorney Mr. Shinn has 
been engaged in practice at Harrison. He was a candidate for circuit 



HISTORY or ARKANSAS 1339 

judge before the priman- of 1906, wheu Judge Hudgins was nominated, 
taking part in a triangular race. He has frequently attended Democratic 
state conventions as a delegate and was present at the Democratic national 
convention of 1908. 

On October 23,' 1893, Mr. Shinn was married to Miss Victoria Phil- 
lips, daughter of Captain A. C. Phillips, once receiver of the United States 
land office at Harrison and one of its former merchants. Captain Phillips, 
who is a veteran of the Union arm}', is at present a resident of Jasper, 
Arkansas. Mr. and Mrs. Shinn have two children — Darrell and ]\Iartha. 

In his fraternal relations Mr. Shinn is a Master Mason and a member 
of the Chapter and Commander}'. He rejoices in several Masonic dignities, 
being past master, past high priest, and past eminent commander. In the 
matter of church faith he is a member nf the South Methodist Episcopal. 

GfiORGE H. Cotton, who is in the real estate and title business at 
Harrison, is also a large land-owner iu Boone county, and a fine ex- 
ample of the value of forethought, as well as of thoroughness, in the 
American citizen of today. He has been identified with that locality 
since 1873, when, as a boy of twelve he accompanied his parents hither 
from Dodge coiinty, Wisconsin, where his birth oceurrecl December 6, 
1860. The Cotton family is of that famous English stock whose de- 
scendants became so noted in the i-eligious and civic history of New 
England, but the particular branch to which George H. is related is 
of Lancashire origin. In 1836, the year after the birth of his father 
(George G. Cotton), the family left England and settled in Dodge 
countj'. This was during the early territorial times of Wisconsin, when 
all the country boi'dering on the Mississippi was considered as the far 
frontier of the United States. 

In this western mining and agricultural region on the Mississippi 
George G. Cotton outgrew his babyhood and boyhood, attended the 
pioneer school of the place and time, married Mary F. Franck, and in 
1873 brought his wife and family to Boone county, where he engaged 
in farming until his death, at Harrison in 1891, at the age of fifty-six 
years. His widow, who survives him at the age of seventy-three years, 
is the mother of Kate, who married D. W. Brandt, of Worcester, Ohio, 
and George H., of this sketch. 

The youth and early manhood of George H. Cotton were spent in 
the country adjacent to Harrison, and the rural schools of the neigh- 
borhood sufficed to give him a .smattering of book learning. But the 
serious business of those years was "doing chores" around the farm, 
cutting cord-wood (at .$1.50 per cord) and at a later period, farming 
in a general and a scientific way. Some years after attaining his ma- 
jority he abandoned agricultui'al pursuits and engaged in the real es- 
tate business at Harrison, dealing in both country and city property. 
For years a hii^c i>r(i|i(irtion of the agricultural and mineral lands 
which have clum-iil li.imls in Boone county have been handled b.y him. 
Perhaps the iniinc iv.is.m i'or his unusual success in this regard is that 
he has had tlir imri li(i\i'.:ht and the perseverance to perfect the only 
comparatively iicrrtct set (if abstracts to land titles in the county. Some 
years ago he bciiMii tin' heavy task of comi)iling this invaluable record 
from the county books and documents, and fortunately had finished 
his work before the destructive fiie of 1908 played such havoc with all 
the original sources of such information. In the course of his real es- 
tate dealings he has also acquired several tracts of promising mineral 
lands, as well as large areas of farm property, with the result that he 
has become an extensive owner of real estate and not alone dealer in it. 



l.iio HTSTOKY OF ARKAXSAS 

In April, 1884, Mr. Cotton married at Harrison, Miss Sallie Curd, 
daughter of Edward S. Curd, who came hither from Somerville, Ar- 
kansas. The offspring of their union are Ida L.. now the wife of Riley 
B. Cecill, of Harrison ; George E., associated with his father, the latter 
particularly as an abstractor; Frederick William, a bookkeeper resid 
iug at Stigler, Oklahoma; Walter, Henrj-. Kate and Frank. 

Aside from his personal affairs, Mr. Cotton is deeply interested in 
Odd Fellowship. He is a student of the subject ; has served his lodge 
in various capacities, including representative to the Grand Lodge, and 
has been district deputy grand master of Boone county for some years. 
He is far removed from activity in politics, aspiring to no distinction 
at the hands of voters and to no honor save that which is due him as 
a wdrthy citizen and man. 

Charles M. Greene. In according recognition to tho.se who have 
contributed to the upbuilding of Harrison, Arkansas, there is special 
consistency in offering record concerning the life and labors of this 
well-known and honored citizen, who holds a position of distinctive pre- 
cedence as president of the Citizens' Bank of Harrison. He is a veteran 
of the Civil war and he has been a factor in the affairs of the state, 
and particularly in those of Harrison and Washington counties, for 
nearly forty years. Mr. Greene belongs to Illionis by birth and to 
Arkansas by choice, his birth having taken place in Crawford county 
of the former state, July 14, 1842, and his identification with Arkansas 
dates from the year 1872. His boyhood and youth were passed in the 
vicinity of Elgin, Illinois, where his parents located a little sub-sequent 
to his birth and his early life wa.s passed amid the wholesome delights 
of country life. He secured his education in the common schools of the 
neighborhood, and finishetl in those of Geneva, Illinois. Shortly after 
he bade farewell to his desk in the school room the Civil war changed 
the course of life for the ma.jority of the young men of the nation and 
he enli.sted in the Federal army. His first enlistment was in April, 
1861, for the three months' service, and he spent the most of this period 
in Chicago. In the JiUy following he enlisted in Company H, of the 
Fifteenth Illinois Cavalry, which w^as under command of Colonel Stew- 
ai't. and he was .soon put on detail in the bodyguard of General 
Curtis, and later did similar service for General Halleek. He was 
a part of the escort for General Steele's army in Arkansas and it was 
his portion to participate in many of the great events of the immortal 
struggle. He was with General Sherman's army when it made its first 
attack on Vicksburg, in December. 1862, and he was present at the 
engagements at Cotton Plant. Arkansas Post, and the siege of Little 
Kock in the month of September, 1863. Following that aft'air he was 
l)romoted to a lieutenancy and v/a.s assigned to outpo.st duty around 
liCwisburg. where he was mustered out June 30. 1865. when in conflict 
witli the army of General Price in the fall of 1864 he had the misfoi-- 
tiiiu' to receive a wound v.hich caused him great inconvenience and 
(li.sabled him for some time. 

After the close of the unr Mr. (ir.vn.' ivliiriicd 1(, his n;itivc state 
and there remained a year, the gr.-atci- part of this time being devoted 
to an effort at entire recui)cration. He then decided upon a change of 
scene and went to Humansville. Polk county, IMissoui-i. where for a few- 
years he engaged in various pursuits, and in 1871 took up contracting 
"and building. The next year he came to Fayettevillc, Arkansas, and 
there engaged in the same line of endeavor as at TTrnnnisviile, but only 
foi' a shoi-t time, for he eventually entered the internal revenue service 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1341 

of the governinenl as a deputy collector. He served with great usefulness 
in this capacity until 1S85, when G rover Cleveland entered upon his 
tirst adiniuistration and he was relieved. It was when looking about 
him for a new field of occupation that he then became identified with 
banking interests and his first position in the new line of endeavor was 
in the Mellroy Bank of Payetteville, of which he became assistant 
cashier, and remained in this association until 1889, when he was ap- 
pointed register of the United States land office, which appointment 
took him to Harrison. He continued in this government position until 
President Cleveland a second time became chief executive and room was 
made for his successor. His i)ast faithfulness and efficiency in public 
trust had so recommended him that he was appointed receiver of the 
land office by President Theodore Roosevelt, and he held this import- 
ant post for four years. 

Since retiring from the public service, Mr. Greene has been identi- 
fied with banking in Harrison, and in truth, the Citizens" Bank owes 
its existence to him, for it was established by him in 1897, and for some 
time he served as its cashier. This substantial and conservative insti- 
tution has a capital of .'t>25,000; is a state bank; and enjoys an ever- 
growing patronage. Mr. Greene is pre.sident, while the other officers 
are R. T. Knight, vice-president ; and Frank R. Greene, cashier. 

It is but natural that Mr. Greene should become interested in state 
and national polities, for he is patriotic, public-spirited and deeply in- 
terested in the issues of the day. His identification with political 
matters is almost co-incident with his first arrival in Arkansas. He 
had aided in the preservation of the Union and he had been a stanch 
supporter of the governuieutal policies of the Republican party from 
his first vote to his last, so that it was but consistent that he should do 
all in his power to assist in the supremacy of the organization which 
had proved itself the savior of his country according to his conviction. 
Known as one of the stalwarts in the camp of Republicanism, he served 
as delegate to many of the Republican state conventions and he had 
fhe disfinetion of being a delegate to the Republican National Conven- 
tion of 1888 that nominated General Harrison for the presidency. In 
1896 he was a delegate to the convention at St. Louis which named ;Ma- 
jor McKinley for the Republican standard-bearer and in 1900 at Phila- 
delphia, where he was again nominated, and in 1908, known to be an 
original Taft man, Arkansas sent him to the national convention at 
Chicago with her other delegates to name Mr. Taft for chief execu- 
tive of the United States. 

Mr. Greene is a sou of John Greene, a uative of New York. John 
Greene married in Crawford county, Pennsylvania, Eliza Alsdorf, 
daughter of Jacob Alsdorf, and a native of Newburgh-on-the-Hudson, 
becoming his wife. The elder Mr. Greene, who was a farmer, died 
in St. Clair county, Missouri, in 1888, and his wife passed away in 
Sumner, Iowa, in 1889. The issue of their union were as follows : Ellen, 
who became the wife of A. Gage and died in Humansville, Missouri; 
Olive, who married Thonuis Lawrence and passed away at Elgin, Illi- 
nois; Charles I\I., of Harrison, Arkansas; Mary, who married Sylvester 
Pease and is a resident of Sumner, Iowa ; Alma, wife of Simon Frazier, 
of Hiawatha, Kansas; Elizabeth is the wife of John Pease and resides in 
Sumner, Iowa; and Effie, of Humansville. ^Missouri. 

Charles M. Greene laid the foundation of an ideally happy married 
life while a re^sident of Humansville, Missouri, the lady to become his 
wife and the mistress of his household being ]\[iss Nannie E. Rousseau, 
a daughter of J. H. Rousseau and of French descent, as is indicated by 



1342 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

the name. The children of tliis union are three, all sons,— Fred \V., 
of the United States land office of Harrison; Frank R., and Charles 
M., Jr Mr. Greene is an enthusiastic lodge man, being a member of the 
Knights of Pythias and of the St. Louis Conimandery of the Loyal 
Legion. 

James W. Slover, one of Harrison's well-linown and highly re- 
spected citizens, is postmaster of the city and stands as one of the "most 
efficient of the servants of Uncle Sam in this part of the Bear state. 
He is a native son of Arkansas, his birth having occurred near Everton, 
in Boone county, January 28. 1868. His father, Benjamin H. Slover, 
died at Everton, October 19, 1908, after a mercantile career of many 
years at that point. He was born in Madison county, Arkansas, in 
1848, and received but a limited education, but despite any deficiencies 
in this line he enjoyed success and was a man of wide information. 
Although not regularly enlisted, he served the Union cause as team- 
ster and cook in the Federal army and he was a stanch Republican in 
his political convictions. As postnia.ster his son is but following in the 
paternal footsteps, for he served in such capacity at several points.— 
at Harrison, at Dugger, at Rally Hill and at Everton, and at all times 
proved faithful and efficient. The subject's paternal grandfather was 
James Slover, the elder, a native of the state of Illinois, who fotmded 
the family in this state nearly a century ago or about the year of 1818. 
He was a farmer, and after following this peaceful vocation for a great 
many years he was seized with the spirit of unrest and went to Cali- 
fornia in search of gold with the other F(>rty-Niners. He was lost on 
the Pacific Ocean when about to make his return. He was tlie son of 
Isaac Slover, who also died in the state of California, but who was a 
native of the Old Dominion. He left Arkansas about middle life and 
drifted out to the Pacific coast, where he married a Spanish woman. 
His son, James Slover, was a son of his first marriage, and his children 
were Elbert, Wesley, John, Benjamin H.. and Louisa, the latter of 
whom married John Jackson and resides in Greer county, Oklahoma. 

The subject's mother was Margaret A. Dugger, a daughter of 
William Dugger, of Tennessee. Mr. Dugger engaged first in agricul- 
ture and then in merchandising, pursuing the latter in Dugger, Arkan- 
sas, which community was christened with his name. Through the 
Duggers Mr. Slover is connected with one of the state's foremost fami- 
lies. William Dugger, for instance, being sent as a Republican to the 
state .senate of Arkansas from this district. It was his distinction to be 
one of the seventeen Republicans who elected General Powell Clayton 
to the United States Senate. Mrs. Slover died in 1894. the mother of 
James W., of this review; John R., of Pindall, Arkansas; Maude, 
wife of W. S. Jones, resident in Seattle, Washington ; Walter B.. of 
Pindall. Arkansas; Stella, wife of George F. IMcCalpin, of Everton; 
and Edgar W., of Harrison. 

James W. Slover received his elementary education in the public 
schools and subsequently matriculated in Peabody College at Nashville, 
Tennessee, graduating from this well-esteemed institution in 1893. For 
a decade after returning to his native Boone county he gave most valua- 
ble service to the community in the capacity of a well-informed in- 
structor of the public schools, and directed the young idea in the mo.st 
enlightened and satisfactory manner. It was to the great regret of the 
citizens that he abandoned pedagogy and thereafter devoted his ener- 
gies to other pursuits. He entered the government .service and was 
store keeper and ganger for the United States for the ensuing ten years, 




(XAAJn^!^ 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1343 

boiug stationed at various points in the state. His present incumbency 
dates from February 16, 1910, when he succeeded A. B. Andrews to the 
postmastership, taking the oath of oilice March 15, 1910. The office has 
already experienced a wholesome growth and the citizens have found 
his service faithful and intelligent. He is one of Harrison's eminently 
public spirited citizens and may be relied upon to give his right hand 
to all causes he believes will contribute to the advancement of the 
whole social body. His fraternal association is limited to the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, in which he is both prominent and 
popular. 

On June 24, 1900, Postmaster Slover formed a happy and congenial 
companionship by his marriage with America McCalpin, a daughter of 
Samuel N. McCalpin, of Valley Springs, Arkansas. Tw^o sons and a 
daughter are being reared beneath their roof-tree, namely; Rex Mc- 
Kinley, ]\Iildred, and Benjamin H., named for his paternal grandfather. 

Hon. John Barrow was boi-n near Hampton, Calhoun county, Ar- 
kansas, November 28, 1868, the son of Judge J. C. Barrow and Martha 
Jean (Strong) Barrow. At the age of two years he removed with his 
family to Monticello, Drew county, Arkansas, where he attended the 
school of Professor W. E. Thompson and Colonel Preston until the re- 
moval of the family to Little Rock in 1883, when he entered the public 
schools, being graduated from the high school in 1887. Mr. Barrow then 
entered Bethel College at Russellville, Kentuckj', and in 1888 he received 
his appointment to a West Point cadetship from Congressman John H. 
Rogers, after a competitive examination. He remained at West Point 
for one year and subsequently entered the law school of the University 
of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, from which he was graduated with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Laws on June 26, 1890, having previously been ad- 
mitted to practice in the supreme court of Michigan. Immediately on 
his return to Little Rock in July, 1890, he began the practice of law and 
has now been in the profession for more than twenty years in the same 
location, at Markham and Spring streets. 

In the fall of 1898 Mr. Barrow was elected to the Arkansas Legis- 
lature as a representative of Pulaski county in the Thirty-Second Gen- 
eral Assembly. His record in this body was a most brilliant and useful 
one. He favored all progressive legislation, such as encoviraging the 
building of factories, new lines of railroads, good public roads and high- 
ways, diversified agriculture and the bringing into the state of foreign 
capital for investment. Mr. Barrow was the friend of the Fellowr 
Servant bill and many other measures in the interest of the laboring 
classes, and he was active in securing the passage of the first law for 
the building of the new state house. 

In connection with his law practice Mr. Barrow has become greatly 
interested in the development and improvement of Little Rock real estate. 
In 1907 he platted the largest addition to Little Rock, called John Bar- 
row's addition and located on the Nineteenth street pike, which has two 
hundred and twenty-four blocks of twelve lots each, in all two thousand, 
six hundred and eighty-eight lots. This addition is now being settled 
and built up, most of the lots having been sold. Mr. Barrow also has 
large real estate holdings in Argenta and Little Rock. 

Mr. Barrow's ancestry is of the best, his maternal grandfather, 
Elijah Frink Strong, having been a graduate of Yale University, and his 
maternal great-grandfather, Christopher Crouch, having been a sergeant 
in a Connecticut regiment during the Revolutionary war. The Strong 



-[■Mi ITISTOKY OK ARKANSAS 

faiuilv, uf wliieh Mr. Barrow's uiotlier was a lueniber. is deseemleil fj'uiii 
John 'strong, who came over from England in ItiSO; founded Dorchester, 
Massachusetts, and helped to found four other towns. On his father's 
side Mr. Barrow is descended from the Barrows and AVillies, early set- 
tlers of North Carolina. Mr. Barrow is identified with many of the 
best interests of the city and has been a member of the Second Baptist 
church of Little Rock for more than twenty years. Fraternally he is a 
member of the Robert C. Newton Camp, Sons of Confederate Veterans. 
On the 7th of December, 1898, in Christ Episcopal church, Little 
Rock, Mr. Barrow was married to Miss Katherine Braddock, a daughter 
of Colonel John S. Braddock and Margaret (Burson) Braddock. Two 
sons were born of this union, but the elder, born October 8, 1899, died in 
infancy; the vounger, John Council Barrow, Jr., was born December 5, 
1900. ■ 

]\rrs. Katherine (Braddockj Barrow is one of the most brilliant, 
cultured and charming of the women of Little Rock and she has ever 
been prominent in the social life of the city. She has been regent of the 
Little Rock Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, and she 
now holds the distinguished office of state regent of the Daughters of 
the American Revolution in Arkansas. She is a member of the national 
society of the Daughters of the Founders and Patriots of America by 
virtue of descent from Joseph Burson, a Quaker who founded Quakei-- 
town, Pennsylvania, and also from Ensign John Burson. Mrs. Barrow 
organized the National Society of the United States Daughters of 1812 
in Arkansas, the chapter in Little Rock being named for her great- 
grandfather, Nicholas Headington. She has been state president of the 
Daughters of 1812 since its inception and was recently elected at the 
national convention of the order Historian National for a period of four 
years. Mrs. Barrow has represented Arkansas at the Continental Con- 
gress of the Daughters of the American Revolution in ^Yashington, 
D. C, for the last five years annually, and in 1910 represented Arkansas 
at the national convention of the Daughters of 1812. Mrs. Barrow is a 
graduate of the Mount Vernon (Ohio) high school and also of the H. 
Thane Miller School of Cincinnati, Ohio. She has studied art extensively 
at the Cincinnati Art Academy and at Mrs. Fraekelton's studio in Mil- 
waukee, as also with private instructors. She is of versatile attain- 
ments and her musical ability is such that she sang in the May Festival 
of 1896 in Cincinnati. Mrs. Barrow is an enthusiastic worker in Christ 
Episcopal church, being a member of the Daughters of the King and a 
former member of the choir. In addition to her other important affilia- 
tions she is a member of the Aesthetic Club and former president of the 
Tuesday Musical Club and she has often represented these organizations 
at the state Federation of Women 's Clubs. Of great strength of intellect 
and character and ehanu of personality, Mrs. Barrow is a natural leader 
and is known and admired far and wide. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bai-row are counted among the substantial residents 
of Little Rock, having lived continuously in their own home at 1309 
Arch street, and having accumulated considerable property, both real 
and personal. Their home is one o1' the most delightful and hospitable 
of the abodes of the city, 

John R. Newman. Some men are blessed with the haiipy tem- 
perament of being equipoised, mentally and physically; their liodily 
energies are equal to any intellectual strain put ui)on them, and their 
mentality is never exhausted by physical lassitude. They con.stitute 
the material 0)it of which reformers are made; from which come the 



HISTORY OP ARKx\NSAS 1345 

practical leaders of the ;ictive and typical American life, which is both 
elear-thinkiug ami str<m--.i(tinp;. These eouuterbalaneiug traits of mau- 
hood, especially evulml in llu- men of the west and the southwest, who 
have impressed then- (■(.luiimnities with their vital personalities, are 
clearly to be noted in the careers of Thomas Newman, the weli-educatt-d 
Englishman and fiery "Frecsoiler" of the late fifties, who stubbornly 
and bravely fought for his principles with his newspaper and his 
musket, and his sou of to-day, Captain John R. Newman, editor and 
proprietor of the Harrison Times, the oldest paper in Boone county: 
ex-president of the Arkansas Press Association; a "hustler" for troops 
in the Spanish- American war; ex-mayor of Harrison and long chairman 
of its school board; a talented musician; and a leader in the work of 
the ^lethodist church. South. The father was one of the founders of 
the State Press Assaciation, also mayor of Harrison, and there are 
many points of resemblance in the sturdy and alert characters of the 
elder and the younsjer man which will be evident in the record of their 
careers. 

The grandfather, John Newman, was an industrious and unassum- 
ing English mechanic, more ambitious for his childi-en than for himself. 
He lived for many years in English Dorchester, where his son Thomas 
wa.s born in 1823. During the childhood of the boy the family came to 
Philadelphia, where both parents resided the remainder of their lives. 
It was in the City of Brotherly Love that Thomas Newman was reared 
and received his education in a Catholic school, with the ultimate inten- 
tion of .joining the priesthood; but his practical mind and unusual 
energies became diverted into other channels, so that for several years 
he rendered faithful service to the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad 
as a locomotive engineer. 

As the issues which led to the Rebellion reached their culmination, 
Thomas Newman found all his warmest sympathies and his strongest 
mental conclusions solidly enlisted in the anti-slavery movement, and 
about 1858 located on the "free soil" of Council Bluifs to found a 
newspaper which should voice his views. After several issues had ai>- 
peared it became quite in evidence that his editorial voice had spoken 
out with vim and effect, for a pi'O-slavery mob dumped his press and 
printing plant generally into the bosom of the Big Muddy river ; the same 
fate which had overtaken Love.joy and his outfit a short time before. 

Following this sudden winding up of his newspaper venture at 
Council Bluffs, the father went to St. Louis and engaged in the job- 
printing business until the actual outbreak of the Civil war in Missouri. 
He then .joined the State ^Militia (Union troops) and, as a lieutenant 
in his company, participated in several engagements with General 
Price's army. At the end of the war he returned to St. Louis, where 
he here remained until 1869, from which time his career is identified with 
the history of Boone county and Arkansas. 

In the year named, at Harrison, Thomas Newman established the 
first newspaper in northern Arkansas called the Boone County Advo- 
cate; to be more accurate, it was the pioneer paper between Fayette- 
ville and Batesville and between Russellville, Arkansas, and Springfield, 
^[issouri. In 1876 the name of the publication was changed to the 
Harrison Times, with Democratic principles; and it has been conducted 
on that political platform ever since. Its founder was one of the or- 
ganizers of the Arkansas Press Association, of which he was ever an 
active member and at one time its vice-president. It would appear that 
his ]i(ilitical lineup was a little (•om]>licated — in view of his Abolilion 
record and liis iiiilitarv service — but he was able to justify his ehoi.-e 



UiG PIISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

of political friends, with the death of the Civil war issues, and remained 
an ardent and progressive Democrat to the end. He was the first mayor 
of Harrison and a leading citizen in every respect; his work as an edi- 
tor gave tone and moral courage both to the newspaper profession and 
the community, and when he passed away in 1884 the universal verdict 
was that an able, upright editor, and a strong, fine citizen had gone the 
way of mortality after having rendered to the world most useful and 
honorable service. 

Captain John R. Newman was educated in the public schools of 
St. Louis, where he was born October 19, 1859, and early manifested 
a strong penchant for music. He pursued his studies in that line until 
he graduated from the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music as a specialist 
in band and orchestra music, and for several years thereafter taught 
those subjects in Missouri and central Arkansas, having large classes at 
Conway, Morrillton and Little Rock, Arkansas, and at Springfield, 
Missouri. In the meantime he had learned the printer's trade at St. 
Louis, in the old Chambers establishment, and, through his father's 
influence and work, became enthusiastic newspaper man. The result 
was that in 1879, then only twenty years of age, he was placed in active 
charge of the Harrison Times, and during the thirty-two years which 
have since pa.ssed he has kept a steady and mi;scular hand upon its 
hebn. 

Like his father. Captain Newman is a Democrat and has served 
as mayor of Harrison. He has also been president of the Arkansas Press 
Association, and during the Spanish-American war raised Company 
K, of the Second Arkansas Infantry, of which he was elected captain. 
His command was mustered in at Little Rock, in ]\Iay. 1898, spent the 
summer at Chiekamauga Park and tlu' winter :it .Vtul'isoii. Alabama, 
where it was discharged, with otlu'i' i |i;iiiics nf the i(L:iiiii'iit, in Feb- 
ruary, 1899. Being the senior reginu^iil.-il captain, I'oi- nnu'li of the time 
he acted as major of the regiment. 

Captain Newman has demonstrated his interest in public educa- 
tion by serving for fifteen years as chairmen of the Harrison School 
Board, and during that period was erected the new school house which 
is so worthy a source of public pride. He is well known figure in the 
meetings both of the national and the state editorial associations, hav- 
ing been a member of the executive committee of the former l)ody; has 
also served as a delegate to various Democratic state conventions; is a 
past master of the Harrison Blue Lodge of Masons, past noble grand in 
Odd Fellowship and a representative to the Grand Lodge of that order ; 
and president of the local board of trustees of the Methodist church 
South. 

In June, 1882, Captain Newman married, at Harrison, Arkan.sas, 
Miss Mary M. Murphy, a daughter of John Murphy, an early register 
of the United States land office in that state and an ex-soldier of the 
TTnion army. ]\Irs. Newman's mother is a Tennessee woman, before her 
marriage Miss Elizabeth Penn, and has become the mother of the follow- 
ing : Mabel, who died at the age of nineteen ; Thomas, who is connected 
with the Times office; Earl, who passed away at the age of sixteen; 
Harry, Mary, Agnes, John R., Jr., and Fred. 

WUjEY P.\ul McNair stands pre-eminent as a pioneer .servant of the 
St. Louis and San Francisco Railway Company and has grown old in 
his jxisition as its agent at Fayetteville. Since his majority was reached, 
in 1870, he has been upon the pay roll of this concern, at that early day 
known as the Atlantic & Pacific Railway Company, and has witnessed 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1347 

its development troiii a single line to a great system of tniuks and 
branches, extentling- through Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, 
Kansas, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas. 

Mr. McNair is descended from .staunch Scotch ancestry. His father, 
Daiiiii Ilimli .M.'X.iii', wns Imni in Edinburg, Scotland, the date of his 
nativily l.rm.j l,s()l. In 1m)7, when a child of but .six years of age, he 
wa.s lii'duglit Id the Initr,! States by his father, Malcolm A. McNair, 
who settled at Whitehall, near Wilmington, North Carolina, where liis 
death occurred some three years later, in 1810. Malcolm :MeNair had 
one other son and two daughters, who seem to have passed their lives in 
North Carolina and Tenue.s.see. The son's name was Duncan. Daniel 
McNair, as a young man, innnigrated to Mississippi and there married 
Elizabeth Sealion. Several years later with his small family he removed 
to Gib.son. Tennessee. They were identified with agricultural pursuits 
during the major portion of their active lives and Daniel passed away in 
1882, his wife having preceded him to the life eternal in 1864. The chil- 
dren born to them were : Eliza, who married J. A. Williams and died in 
the state of Missouri: Wiley Paid, of this review; Daniel H., Jr., who 
pa.ssed away in youth; Patience E., who became the wife of a ]\Ir. 
Phipps and lived and died in Tennessee : and Jesse, whose death occiirred 
in ^Missouri, at the age of thirty-eight years. 

Wiley P. McNair gained a common-school education while on his 
father's farm and he learned the art of telegraphy during the rebellion. 
He was born on the 21st of June, 1849, at Charleston. Mississippi, and 
in 1863, when a lad of fifteen years of age, he ran away from home and 
enlisted as a soldier in the Federal army. Although his birth occurred 
ill ilississippi the family home had in the meantime been transferred 
to Gibson county, Tennessee, the atmosphere of which locality must 
have fed patriotic impulses to the young. He joined the Thirteenth 
Tennessee Cavalry, but his service was suddenly interrupted by his re- 
lease upon demand of his father, out of strongf parental consideration 
for his son. In the hope that Wiley'.s adveutunius spirit was satisfied 
the father placed the boy in school at Viola. Kt iituik,\-, liut even before 
his books had been assigned to him he surrendered to the youthful call 
to arms and joined the First Kentucky State Troops, at Paducah. His 
regiment saw some good hard service, was in several engagements, 
among them Guntown. ]Mississii)pi, and Fort Pillow, the latter conflict 
resulting in heavy lo.sses to the Union troops. At the close of the war 
Mr. :\IeNair was mustered out of service at Paducah, Kentucky. At the 
age of sixteen he had had more than a year of actual militaiy service, 
an experience which, in a measure, was an equipment for the civil bat- 
tles destined to follow. To better prepare himself for efificient labor 
among his fellows he attended Bryant & Stratton's Business College at 
Nashville, Tennessee, and when he left that institution he returned to 
the farm and the fireside of his parents. In 1869 he began his wander- 
ings liy uniiii;' to Kansas City, Missouri, and he spent the ensuing' year 
in sii'lil '-ifiii- aliout the west, gratifying a personal desire. He briislnMl 
up on ti^li'Liiaphy and entered upon the railroad work at the Ozark Iron 
Works, now Newburg, IMissouri, with the predecessor of the Frisco Rail- 
way Company. Thereafter he worked at Jerome, Nichols, Pierce City 
and St. James, Missouri, and later at Verona, Missouri, whence he was 
sent, in 1881, to Vinita, Oklahoma. One year later he was transferred 
to the agency at Fayetteville, becoming the third agent of the road here. 
In point of conseculive service he is exceeded by but two agents on the 
entire system, namely— the agent at Cuba and the one at Neosha, Mis- 
■soui'i, these two ante-datint:' liim but a short time. The month of July, 
1911, completed a period of thirty-six years in service as agent and forty 



1348 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

years have gone by since lie drew his first paycheck from the company. 

On the 21st of January, 1868, Mr. McNair was united in marriage 
to Miss Nancy Ann Plippin, a daughter of J. A. Flippin, of English 
origin. The marriage was solemnized in Gibson county, Tennessee, filrs. 
McNair w^as born in 1850, and her father, who has been a farmer all his 
life, is now residing in Oklahoma, at the venerable ase of eighty-six 
years. Concerning the children of :\Ir. and :\Irs. :McNaii-, the following 
brief data are here incorporated: William Daniel, assistant agent of the 
Frisco Company at Fayetteville ; j\Iaud. who is the wife of M. W. Mc- 
Koy, of Fayetteville; j\Iay. who died at Fayetteville, in 1898. as the wife 
of John B. Brown; and Wiley P., Jr., who married IMiss Stella Hight, 
is manager of the Fayetteville Opera House and is an employe of the 
Frisco Company, at Fayetteville. 

Although not an active politician, 'Sir. ^IcXair heartily endorses the 
cause of the Republican party, and his contribution to progress and 
development in Washington county, Arlvansas. has ever been of the most 
insistent order. Fraternally he is a member of the Knights of Pythias 
and he has passed through the circle of York Rite Masonry, being affil- 
iated with Washington Lodge, No. 1. Ancient Free & Accepted Masons, 
Far W'tst Chapter, No. 1, Royal Arch Masons; and Baldwin Coni- 
maiulery. \o. 4, Knights Templars. He is also a valued member of the 
adjunct .Masonic organization, the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles 
of the :\Iystic Shrine, m which he is connected with Alamin Temple, No. 
574. He is prominent in the Concatenated Order of Hoo Hoos. Mr. 
McNair is prominent in railroad aifairs in Arkansas and in connection 
with his various successes in life it is most gratifying to note that they 
are all due to his own well directed eft'orts. He is held in high esteem 
by his t'clliiw men and is eminently reliable and trustworthy both as a 
ii-ii'iiil and as a business associate. 

S.vjirEL B. WvcouGH. In the development and advancement of 
the lumber interests of Independence county, Samuel B. Wycough, a 
member of the Livingston Lumber Company, of Batesville, is an im- 
portant factor. A son of Samuel B. Wycough, Sr., he was born in 
Batesville, Arkansas, I\Iareh 16, 1849, and since attaining manhood has 
taken an active part in the business and political affairs of this enter- 
prising city. 

Born in Salisbury cdunty. North Carolina, in 1809, Samuel B. 
Wycough there learned the trade of a cabinet maker, and likewise be- 
came familiar with the various branches of agriculture. Coming from 
his native state to Arkansas in a very early day he located in Batesville, 
where ere long he became a citizen of proiniiiiiicc and influence. When 
war was declared between the states, he vms phx sir.illy unfit for active 
service, but he furnished the Confederate .Vrmy llnee brave and stal- 
wart sons. One of the leadiim iihiiiImts of the Democratic party, he 
lodk a prominent part in puMu- anaiis. serving as county treasurer and 
representing his district in the Siaie LeL;islature. He married Harriet 
M. Bandy, a daughter of Captain Bandy, of I,awrence county. North 
Carolina, and they became the parents of six children, as follows: 
IMarion A. ; Marcus A. R. : Henry C. ; Samuel B., the sub.iect of this 
brief biographical review; W, H,, a Presbyterian minister at Fort Worth, 
Tixas: and Mary E., deceased, who married AVilliam Shepherd. The 
three (ilder children served in the Confederate army, rendering brave 
service. The mother passed to the higher life in 1866, when but fifty-five 
years of age, and the father lived until 1885. 

Educated in the public schools, Samuel B. Wj'cough began his busi- 



HISTOKY OF AEKANSAS i:i40 

ness career in Batesville, becoming when quite young clerk in a nier- 
cantilc csLilili-iliinent. He subsequently embarked in agricultural pur- 
suil.s, rniitiiiiiiii^' as a farmer until entering the political arena. In 1900, 
as the DiiiKii i;itie nominee, he was elected circuit clerk of Independence 
county, and served in that position four years, succeeding George 
Moore. On retiring from that office, iu 1904, he crossed the hall to 
assume charge of the county judge's office, having been elected to the 
county .iudgeship to succeed Judge Lindsey. Filling the responsible 
position with ability, he was re-elected to the same office in 1906, and 
.served another two years, retiring in October, 1908. Taking then ad- 
vantage of a good business opening. Judge Wycough became associated 
with A. Livingston, and the two have since carried on a prosperous 
business under the firm name of the Livingston Lumber Company, their 
dealings being quite extensive and highly remunerative. 

Jlr. AVycough nutrried, January 6, 1874, in Green Briar township. 
Independence county, Arkansas, a daughter of the late Nelson Maxwell. 
Mr. Maxwell, a native of Virginia, married Mary A. Clark, who was 
born in Virginia, July G, 1817, and to them thirteen children were born, 
three of whom, with the widowed mother, are now, in 1911, living. Mr. 
and ]\Irs. Wycough have no children. Both are active members of the 
Methiidist church. IMr. Wycough being superintendent of its Sunday- 
school. 

J.VME.s EuwiN RosEBBOL'GH. If definite aeoomplishmeut iu the util- 
ization of subjective power and ability be the criterion of success, then 
James Edwin Rosebrough certaiuly has achieved success. Looking into 
the clear perspective of his career there may be seen the strong lines 
of courage, persistence, determination and self-confidence— qualities 
which alone work forward to the goal of worthy and distinct achieve- 
ment. A loyal and progressive citizen, he has ever taken an active part 
in municipal affairs in Batesville and was its first mayor after it be- 
came a city of the first class ; while it is his somewhat remarkable record 
to have filled all the elective offices of rhe city save that of city mar- 
shal. He stands at the head of one of those substantial concerns which 
contribute so materially to the prosperity of the place— the Wholesale 
Produce Company, which he brought into existence some twenty years 
ago. 

By the circumstances of bii-tli and ancestry ^Ir. Rosebrough is a 
Southerner, his birth having occurred in Salisbury, North Carolina, No- 
vember 29. 185-t. Iu 1861, when he was a small boy, his father. Samuel 
Ro.sebi'ough, brought his family to Arkansas, and they resided in Wood- 
ruff county until 1867, when the father became cognizant of the natural 
advantages of Batesville, and there resumed his two-fold occupation of 
gin and mill man and farmer. He was also a millwright and for many 
years after the Civil war he equipped mills all over this section of Ar- 
kansas.- Samuel Rosebi-ough was a native of the Tarheel state himself, 
his birth having occurred in the year 1820. At first glance, the familj- 
seems to have been almost indigenous to the old north state of the Caro- 
linas, but looking back across the generations it is found to be of Scotch- 
Irish origin. The subject's mother was Martha J. Ramsey, a sister of 
Dr. J. G. Ramsey, of Salisbury, and she died in Independence county, 
Arkansas, in 1874, after a worthy and useful life. The issue of this 
union were Sanuiel, of Sai'coxie, Jasper county, ^[issom'i; Maggie, who 
became I\Irs. J. H. Scribner. and is now deceased; James E.. of this re- 
view; Emma, wife of William Ryan, of High, Texas; Robert D.. of Ox- 
f(n-d, Arkansas; and "Slay, who married Bealor Gaither. and resides in 



]:i.-.o HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

Byron. Arkansas. Dr. W. G. Rosebrougli, late of Batesville, was the 
offspring of a former marriage of the sub.ieet's father and he was a 
Confederate soldier from Arkansas, as was a half-brother, Lewis Dis- 
miike. who was killed in the fighting aromid Richmond a few days before 
the close of the war. As a citizen Samiiel Rosebrough was not con- 
spicuous in the affairs of public life. He was a Democrat, with a real 
interest in the cause of his party, but quite without ambition to hold 
office and by no means a belligerent partisan. He was a Baptist in early 
years, but modified his views with the pa.ssing of the vears and died as 
an Adventist in 1892. 

Upon becoming a citizen of Independence county James E. Rose- 
brough was a youth of thirteen years and the public .schools sufficed to 
furni.sh him the education with which he began life. In 1876 he came to 
Batesville and secured a clerkship with M. A. R. Wycough and he 
subsequently worked in like capacity for E. AV. Clapp & Company, 
wholesale grocers. On September 16, 1891. he engaged in business for 
himself, opening a produce house, and by the exercise of peculiarly ex- 
cellent business methods developed it into one of the substantial con- 
cerns of the town. In the score of years since it was inaugurated it has 
experienced steady growth. Mr. Rosebrough in 1911 joined a company 
of Batesville citizens in the organization of the Union Bank & Trust 
Compam- and was made its president. This new financial concern was 
incorporated for fifty thousand dollars, its vice-president being D. D. 
Adams and its secretary, C. D. Metcalf. It opened its doors for bu.si- 
ness in April and constitutes in itself the fourth banking house in the 
city. IMr. Rosebrough 's important part in the management of city 
aft'airs has been previously commented upon. He was mayor for two 
terms and in that office gave a most admirable administration of city 
affairs, doing much for the progress and development of the growing 
community. 

On December 30, 1881, Mr. Rosebrough was married in Batesville 
to Miss Jessie Fraley, a daughter of David S. Fraley. This happy union 
has been further cemented by the birth of one son. Clyde Bates, a 
young man of ability, who is associated with his father and also has 
other business interests in Batesville. Mr. Rosebrough is one of the most 
popular of lodge men. In addition to his affiliation with the Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of Pythias, he is a Master 
Mason and has represented his lodge in the Grand Lodge of Arkansas. 

James F. Barxett. Numbered among the essentially representa- 
tive men of the judicial center of Independence county, both as a busi- 
ness man and a citizen of the most enlightened type, tbr Inisiiirss career 
of James F. Barnett has been marked by consecutive pm-ii vs. .nid this 
advancement is the direct result of his splendid eneruns niul powers. 
This alert, enterprising and capable executive is vice-president of that 
large mercantile corporation known as the Barnett ^lercantile Campany, 
his business connection with the town covering nearly a quarter of a 
century. He and his brother, Charles A. Barnett. are among the largest 
landowners of the comity and in the development of the agricultural 
interests of the district and the provision of homes ajid occupations for 
many families they have proven themselves public benefactors of the 
highest type. 

The early history of Mr. Barnett was extreme in its simplicity. He 
was born amid rural surroundings, he and a twin brother, Charles A., 
having made their entrance upon this mundane sphere on January 25, 
1867. in the vicinity of Evening Shade, Arkansas, then situated in T>aw- 



HISTOKY OF ARKANSAS l.S.M 

reuee eoiiiity, but now the county seat of Sharp county. His parents 
were Ira Nelson and Maria Simpson Barnett, whose family consisted, 
besides the two mentioned, of an older son. The subject and his brother 
were posthumous, the father dying shortly before their birth, and the 
rearing of the trio of youthful merchants devolved upon the mother. 

Until youths of perhaps fifteen years, James F. and Charles A. 
Barnett knew only the hills and dales about their birthplace, but at that 
age Jthey became a part of the school population of Evening Shade, 
where the fundamentals of a common school education were acquired. 
It was plain that a life of industry must be the share of the brothers if 
their careers were to be at all marked, for they had by no means been 
born with the proverbial silver spoon in their mouths. At the age of 
twenty years they came to Batesville, with its larger opportunities, and 
took minor positions with R. D. Williams, who at that time was a lead- 
ing merchant of the city. The older brother had already solved the 
problem of livelihood and begun upon his career as an employe of Mr. 
Williams, and such was that gentleman's liking for and confidence in 
the young men that he arranged a partnership with them in 1893, the 
new firm being known under the caption of R. D. Williams & Company 
and remaining under such designation until 1808, when Mr. Williams 
yielded up his interest by purchase and the brothers launched their ven- 
ture under the name of Barnett Brothers. 

By this date the character of the principles of the new firm of mer- 
chants had become so widely and favorably known that their business 
grew by leaps and bounds, small stocks growing into departments, and 
all demanding the enlargement of unusually nigged growth. Finally 
a new corporation seemed necessary to carry the burdens of a vast and 
progressive concern. In 1904 the corporation. The Barnett Mercantile 
Company, was chartered and the same year the vice-president of it 
supervised the construction of its new home in the Barnett block. Under 
its roof are found the evidences of a great commercial enterprise and 
among its promoters and employes a spirit that explains, without eil'ort, 
how and w^hy these achievements have come about. In addition to their 
general stock, great carloads of wire and other commodities utilized 
upon the farm and nimierous implements and vehicles enter as a great 
factor in the annual sales of the firm. 

In addition to their business in Batesville, Barnett Brothers own 
many acres of land in Independence county, upon which they are locat- 
ing families and helping them with substantial assistance to establish a 
home and to lead a prosperous rather than a shiftless life. The opening 
of these lands adds materially to the wealth of the county, adds to its 
population and is a vital element toward the general development of the 
municipality and the commonwealth. 

To the splendid foresight, originality, refusal to recognize diiB- 
culty, ability to in.spire and keep confidence and boundless executive 
capacity arc responsible the wonderful success of the company. The 
duties of the concern have been somewhat divided, James F. Barnett 
giving his attention to the stimulation of the trade in implements, ve- 
hicles and general farm equipment and paraphernalia, while Charles A. 
devotes himself to the accounting department and is sccretaiy of the 
company. 

On March 19, 1901, ilr. James F. Barnett was united in mai-riage 
to Miss ;M. E. Erwin, daugiiter of William J. Envin. of Batesville, one 
of the conspicuous citizens of the connty. The death of Mrs. Barnett 
on December 18 of that yc;ii' Tciiiiinated an ideally hajipy life com- 
panionship. Mr. Charhs .\. I'.ainclt has never married. 



13.:-,2 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

In his fraternal relations James F. Barnett is a member of Al Ainin 
Temple at Little Rock and holds membership in the Commandery, 
Cliapter and Blue Lodge of Batesville. He is also a Woodman of the 
World and a member of the Royal Areanun.. 

Franklix Perkin- is the treasurer of ludepoudence county, where 
he has resided since 1852. Back of him extends an ancestry in which 
iigure patriots, soldiers and good citizens, and in his own ideals ai-» em- 
bodied the fine traditions of which he is heir. He is a veteran of the 
Civil war and the adventures and hair-breadth escapes from death which 
were his in his devotion of life and limb to the cause which he believed 
to be just are indeed thrilling. In post-bellum days he hf.s manifested 
vei'satility by following numerous occupations, farming, acting in cleri- 
cal capacities, engaging in the timber business and giving efScient service 
as a public official, it being his to merit and possess the regard and con- 
fidence of the community in which he is best known. 

Franklin Perrin, by circumstance of birth, is a native of the Buck- 
eye state, his birth having occurred in Clermont county, Ohio, Novem- 
ber 27, 1839. His father, David Perrin, was a bridge builder and mill- 
wright, and w^as born in Berkshire county, Massachusetts, in 1796. Ed- 
ward Perrin, grandfather of the .sub.iect, woidd have been discovered 
after the Revolutionary war a farmer at the foot of the Green Moun- 
tains. In the struggle for independence alluded to he participated as a 
soldier and he was living in the old Bay state when he passed away. 
His children were Ezra, who si)ent his life in -Massachusetts; Jonathan, 
who removed to Wisconsin and there passed the remainder of his life; 
David, father of our sub.jeet: Sarah and Eliza, the latter of whom be- 
came the wife of a new Englander named Henry Colton. 

David Perrin was twice married. His first wife was Electra 
Brainard, who bore him several children, namely : William W. ; Lydia 
E. (Shumate) : David B. -. and Lucinda, who died in girlhood. He mar- 
ried his second wife at Cincinnati, she being Nancy M. Baldwin, a 
daughter of Sanniel and Flora (Woodruff) Baldwin, who had come 
westward from the vicinity of Hartford, Connecticut. The issue of this 
union were Franklin, of this review; Sarah, who died unmarried: James, 
a man of family, who died in Batesville. where his family still resides, 
in 1902; Samuel, who died young; and Caroline E.. Avho married Patrick 
H. Jeffery, of Izard county, Arkansas. David Perrin had left his native 
^Massachusetts at the age of twenty-one and had located in New York, 
where he learned the trade of millwright, and then moved to Michigan, 
settling near Pontiac. xVfter several years he moved to Clermont county, 
Ohio, where he built large saw and flour mills for a cousin, Samuel 
Perrin. In 1840 he again made a change of residence and went to Ken- 
tuclcy, where in the vicinity of Lexington he resided until 1847. In the 
latter year he crossed the boundary river and lived at Jeffersonville, 
Indiana, for five years. His final move took him across the Mississippi 
river and he then settled in Independence county. Arkansas. Here he 
continued his work as a mechanic until summoned to that Undiscovered 
Country from whose bourne no traveler returns. 

Franklin Perrin attended school in Kentucky and Indiana, and after 
1lic' establishment of the family in Arkansas he .spent various short 
prriods in study in private schools in Batesville. When he reached the 
age at which his labor had a monet.ii-y value he hired out and worked at 
atiything that would bring him fifty cents a day. The opening of the 
war between the states found him a little di.stanee from his majority, 
but ready to take a soldier's part, and in ISfil he enlisted in Captain 




^^^^<^-^^^U2^'(^_^-^^ 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1353 

DeShea's company, which was made a part, of the Eighth Arkansas In- 
fantry, Clerburne's Division of the Tennessee army.' He participated 
in the battles of Farmington, Mississippi, and Perryville, Kentucky, and 
just before the Murfreesboro engagement he was detailed for service 
with the commissary, under Major L. Ellenburg, and was thereby pre- 
vented from taking active part in many historic battles of the Atlanta 
campaign. He was wounded in one of the engagements around Dalton, 
Georgia, and was in a hospital while recovering. He rejoined his com- 
mand at Moore's Bridge ou the Chattahoochie River. At Jonesboro he 
was captured with Govan's Brigade and Lewis' Kentucky Brigade, and 
after confinement in a United States military prison for thirty days an 
exchange was effected at the rate of one for five and Mr. Perrin w^as in 
this way restored to his friends. He returned to Moore's Bridge, where 
the main army was still in camp, and went on the Tennessee campaign 
under General Hood. In the battle of Franklin he lost his left leg and 
received serious injury to his right ankle, which rendered him a perma- 
nent cripple. When the Federals cleaned up the battlefield at Franklin 
they took Mr. Perrin prisoner and held him until June 17, 1865, at 
Louisville, Kentucky. He then went to the home of an uncle at Nash- 
ville and lived there until November, when he returned to Batesville, 
reaching there in December. 

At the first election after coming home from the army Mr. Perrin 
was elected treasurer of Independence county and kept books for a saw- 
mill while keeping the accounts of the county. About this time he be- 
came assistant instructor in Salisbury Academy at Batesville. Later 
the way opened for him to take a school in Izard county, and' he taught 
there for a time, following that occupation with a season of keeping 
books and clerking at IMount Olive. He was elected county and circuit 
clerk of Izard county and served one terra. Notwithstanding his physi- 
cal condition he engaged in farming subsequently and when that was 
abandoned he returned to keeping books for a sawmill concern in Baxter 
county. Following this he joined his brother in the cedar and timber 
business and was thus engaged for a decade, returning to Batesville 
during the time. 

In Batesville he has held various city offices and has had some part 
in local politics for many years, having ever kept in intelligent touch 
with local issues. For several years he was cotton weigher here and 
from the cotton yard entered the court house as county treasurer in 
1906. He was re-elected in 1908 and chosen a third time in 1910. 

Mr. Perrin has never married and has never joined a fraternity. 
However, the social side of his nature is highly developed and his fra- 
ternal qualities are as lustrous as if polished by the bonds of fellowship 
in the most ancient secret order. He is a zealous member of the Presl)y- 
terian church and an active advocate of all the good causes pronuil- 
gated by the church body. 

Samuel Caldwell Alexander. For twenty-five years closely iden- 
tified with the upbuilding of Pine Bluff and ever aligned with just and 
beneficent causes, Samuel Caldwell Alexander is to be accounted as one 
of the most valuable elements in the citizenship of the eity. He is presi- 
dent of the Merchants & Planters Bank, of this city, which has the dis- 
tinction of being the oldest state bank in Arkansas, and he is also presi- 
dent of the S. C. Alexander Cotton Company, his interest in the cotton 
industry of this part of the Bear state being important. In addition to his 
civic, financial and industrial importance he represents in himself two 
of the most distinguished of Southern families, the Caldwells and the 



1354 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

Alexanders having been prominent in North Carolina history long before 
the Kevolutionary war, and he admirably upholds the prestige of the 
honored names he bears. 

JMr. Alexander was born in Iredell county, North Carolina, his 
birthdate being September 20, 1858. Glancing back over his ancestry 
many distinguished statesmen and patriots are discovered, and particu- 
larly among the Caldwells are many noted professional men— lawyers, 
physicians and clergymen. His great-great-grandfather, John ilcKnitt 
Alexander, of ^leehlenburg county, Noi-th Carolina, was secretary of 
the committee of citizens of that couiit\ wlio drew up a document, declar- 
ing independence from England, ,iii<l ^iumd it at Charlotte May 20, 
1775, thus pre-dating the Phila(lrl|>lna ilci-laration. Other relatives 
gave service during the Revolution and were noted for their bravery and 
patriotism. The maternal ancestor, Samuel Craighead Caldwell, was 
graduated from Princeton College in 1761, and he had attained manhood 
before the ternunation of the immortal struggle between the colonies and 
the mother country. Both he and his father, David Caldwell, were great 
Presbyterian ministers and doctoi-s of divinity. The subject's father, 
Samuel Caldwell Alexander, was also a well-known and highly esteemed 
Presbyterian divine, who had a pastorate in Rowan county. North Caro- 
lina, the scene of the birth of Mr. Alexander. His father was Robert 
Davidson Alexander, who was born near Charlotte, North Carolina, 
and followed the occupation of a farmer. The maiden name of the 
mother was Abigail Bain Caldwell. 

Rev. Samuel Caldwell Alexander, D. D., received as fine an educa- 
tion as the South atforded, those institutions in which his studies were 
pursued being Davidson College of North Carolina and Columbia Theo- 
logical Seminary, of Columbia, South Carolina. He became one of the 
notable figures in the American history of the Presbyterian church and 
he lived to see the dawning years of the twentieth century, his demise 
occurring in 1907, at the age of seventy-seven years. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Mary Holmes Bi-own, and who was a native of Fay- 
etteville. North Carolina, survived him for two years, the age of this ad- 
mirable lady at the time of her summons to the Great Beyond being 
seventy-nine. The birth of the Rev. Dr. Alexander occurred in that 
same North Carolina county where his distinguished forbear had made 
his stand for liberty. 

About the time of the beginning of the Civil war Dr. Alexander 
and his family removed to Black River Chapel, then in Bladen county, 
now Pender county. They remained at that place until 1873, when 
they removed to Wadesboro, Anson county, arriving there before any 
railroad had reached the place. There Doctor Alexander built the first 
Presbyterian church located in that neighborhood and the subject learned 
something of the cotton business under 1\I. P. Leak and James C. Mar- 
shall, both of Wadesboro. Unfortunately the Civil war had left the 
family resources in such depleted condition that Doctor and Mrs. Alex- 
ander were unable to give their children the education they desired for 
them. Mr. Alexander was permitted to attend the Bingiiams' School 
at Mebancsville, North Carolina, for two years and six months. He 
was about fifteen years of age at the time of the removal of the family 
from the country to the town of Wadesboro and here he had his fir.st 
adventures in the world of affairs, learning the elementary details of the 
cotton business in which he now stands as an authoritv. with the gentle- 
men mentioned above. In 1884 the family followed 'the usual fortune 
of clergymen's families and made another change of residence, this time 



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1355 

locating at Rusk, Cherokee eoimty, Texas, and although Mr. Alexander 
also became a citizen of the Lone Star state, he took up his abode at Cor- 
sicaua, Navarro county, where better business opportunity awaited him. 
Two years later he came to Pine Bluff, Arkansas, and his identification 
with the thriving city has been maintained since that time. 

Mr. Alexander came to Pine Bluff in 1886 to accept a position as 
cotton classer for A. Fulton & Company, of Sherman, Texas, who had 
opened a branch office at this place. The successful manner in which he 
conducted the new business being marked, in 1890 a co-partnership was 
formed with W. I. Haizlip, under the name of Haizlip & Alexander, the 
Arkansas interests of A. F'ulton & Company being purchased by these 
gentlemen. In 1892 Mr. Haizlip died and JMr. Alexander bought his 
interest and continued the business as S. C. Alexander & Company. The 
subject 's enterprise and executive ability have ever proved of the highest 
character and, ideally combined with undinehing integrity and ability 
to inspire confidence, prosperity visited the business. As his profits in- 
creased Pine Bluff real estate was invested in, the Grand Leader Dry 
Goods Company building, the Farmer's Warehouse and the S. C. Alex- 
ander office building being properties of the concern. The S. C. Alex- 
ander & Company cotton business stands among the fii-st in the state, 
and it has made its way to this high prestige from small beginnings and 
by means of economy and close attention to business. He is also largely 
interested in the compresses and the general cotton business of Pine 
Blutt'. The Fanuers' Warehouse mentioned above, which was built by 
him and which he owns, was the first in Pine Bluff. He is also the 
pioneer in the matter of up-to-date business houses, having put the first 
pressed brick and plate glass front in a store in Pine Bluff". It is likewise 
the distinction of this progressive gentleman to have shipped the first 
cotton from Pine Bluff' direct to Liverpool for the English spinners. 
Were it only in the capacity of a banker that Mr. Alexander was known 
to the world he would enjoy great prominence in this section of the 
state. As mentioned in a preceding paragraph he is president of the 
Merchants & Planters Bank, the oldest state bank in Arkansas. It is a 
tower of strength in the coimnunity and commands the respect of all. 
The other officers are W. L. DeWoody, vice-president, and A. D. Foster, 
cashier. The bank was incorporated in the year 1876, and at the present 
time has a capital and surplus of three hundred thousand dollars. 

Mr. Alexander was first married in 1892, :Miss Henrietta Wilkins, 
of Pine Bluff", becoming his wife. She died at the birth of the son, Vir- 
ginius. Her father, Colonel V. D. AVilkins, was one of the prominent 
bankers of Arkansas, the organizer of the Merchants & Planters Bank 
and its president until his death. Bennie Elizabeth Green, of Texarkana, 
Arkansas, became the bride of Mr. Alexander on July 12, 1904, their 
marriage being celebrated in Little Rock, Arkansas, at the home of Mrs. 
Alexander's uncle, General B. W. Green. Mrs. Bennie Elizabeth Green 
Alexander is the daughter of the late Dr. Thomas Henning Green, of 
Hope, Arkansas, and his wife, Matilda Weatherby Green. The Green 
and James families, from which the father of ilrs. Alexander descended, 
lived in Darlington district. South Carolina, and were prominent in the 
history of the Revolutionary and Civil wars. :Major James and Captain 
John James, great-grandfather and grandfather of Dr. Thomas Hen- 
ning Green, gave valiant service to their country under Marion in the 
former conflict, and Mrs. Alexander's father and his six uncles fought 
for the Confederacy nearly a century later. Mrs. Alexander is a promi- 
nent member of the David 0. Dodd Chapter of the United Daughters of 



1356 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 

the Confederacy and of the John McAlmout Chapter of the Daughters 
of the Aiuerican Revolution. For generations her family has been 
prominent in the history of South Carolina and of Presbyterianism. 

Mr. Alexander has but one child, the son of his first marriage. 
Virginius Wilkins Alexander is seventeen years of age and is now at 
Lawrenceville, New Jersey, preparing for Princeton. 

Mr. Alexander may justly be regarded as one of the most cultured, 
public-spirited and useful of citizens and in his identification of a quar- 
ter of a century with Pine Bluff he has made manifest the fact that he 
is the champion of all good measures. 

Lyman F. Reedee is junior member of the well-kuowu law firm of 
McCaleb & Reeder, of Batesville, the same having added considerable 
luster to the bar of Arkansas. Mr. Reeder added his citizenship to 
Arkansas and Independence county at the close of the year 1898, and 
the first day of January, 1900, marked his entry in the judicial center 
of that county, a youth with training but no experience in the world's 
honored and distinguished profession— the law. He came to this .section 
of the state from Lexington, Missouri, where his birth occurred on the 
14th of May, 1878, and where in the public schools he had acquired a 
liberal education. Having chosen the law as his life work, he studied 
the subject in the offices of Judge John Blackwell and Judge F. D. 
Fulkerson. He was admitted to the bar at Batesville, before presiding 
Judge Fulkerson, in ]\Iarch, 1900. 

Following the preliminaries necessary to fit him for the practice 
of his profession in Arkansas, Mr. Reeder was appointed one of the 
counsel to defend a man charged with theft of a horse. In that ease he 
was associated with Congressman Oldfield, but lost out before a jury 
of Arkansas peers, as was only to be expected as the man was appar- 
ently guilty. This was his first case in court and it sufficed to break 
the ice, so to speak. Subsequently he entered into a legal partnership 
with J. C. Yancey, Mr. Reeder being the junior member of the firm. 
One year later the firm changed to that of Yancey, Reeder & Casey, 
which continued for two years, at the expiration of which ]\Ir. Reeder 
joined the late W. S. Wright, as a member of the fimi of Wright & 
Reeder, which continued until the death of ]Mr. Wright, in IMarch, 1907. 
Since the time last mentioned Mr. Reeder has been associated in practice 
with the distinguished Judge John B. McCaleb. The strength of the 
firm of McCaleb & Reeder is everywhere recognized and its large and 
representative clientage includes many of the important firms and cor- 
porations of Batesville. They are counsel for the AVeaver-Dowdy ]\Ier- 
cantile Company, the jMount Olive Stave Company, the Southwestern 
Telegraph & Telephone Company, and the Frisco Railroad Company, 
in the Federal court. Judge McCaleb, the senior member of the firm. 
is a ])ractitiouer of wide experience in the various Arkansas courts and 
in the Fi'deral courts and as a jurist he presided with distinction upon 
llie bench of the Circuit court of the Sixteenth judicial district for a 
period of twelve years. Concerning his career a sketch apjieai-s on 
other pages of thi.s work so that further data in connection ther(>with 
is not deemed necessary at this juncture. 

Lyman F. Reeder is a son of Stephen S. Reeder. who passed the 
first years of his life in the city of Lexington, Missouri. In that place 
lie was long a merchant of prominence and later he entered polities and 
served his countv for a mniibrr of years as circuit cleric. He was born 
ill Stark.-y counly. New Yoi'k, in 1834, was afforded a good college edu- 
cation in his yoiith, was a volunteer Union soldier and captain of a 



HISTOKY OF ARKAXSAS 1357 

ooiiipauy from liis native county iu the Civil war aud he followed the 
westward tide of immigration to Missoui-i in 1877. He was eligible for 
membership in the Sons of the American Revolution, and in his political 
convictions he was a staunch advocate of the jirineiples promulgated by 
the Democratic party. His father was s;y|v,.sti r Reeder, who died in 
Starkey count}', New York, at the age of l\\:iii\ liLjht j'ears, leaving his 
son, Stephen S., as his only heir. Witli reference to its settlement iu 
Amei'ica the Reeder family is an old Colonial one, and its loyalty to the 
cause of independence was tested by the furnishing of patriot soldiers 
for the army of the Revolution. Stephen S. Reeder married Mi.ss Emma 
R. fulkerson, who is a daughter of -Jacob V. Pulkerson and whose 
ancestry was of Holland Dutch extraction, the original progenitor of 
the name in America having been a pioneer settler iu New York. Mr. 
Reeder was summoned to the life eternal in 1888, and his widow, who 
survives him, now maintains her home at Asher, Oklahoma. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Stephen S. Reeder were born the following children : Mrs. 0. S. 
Buckley, of Lancaster, California; Mrs. H. G. Campbell and Dr. H. M. 
Reeder, of A.sher, Oklahoma; Lyman F., the immediate subject of this 
review; and Walter F., of Booneville, Missouri. The Fulkerson family, 
members of which have achieved prominence in the western states, were 
formerly of Virginia and of southern sentiment in regard to questions 
involved in the Civil w-ar. Four of Mrs. Stephen S. Reeder 's brothers 
were valiant and faithful soldiers in the Confederate army. 

On the 3rd of January, 1906, was solemnized the marriage of Lyman 
F. Reeder to Miss D:iisy Reed, the ceremony having been performed at 
Batesville. Alis. K.cdn' is a daughter of the pioneer settler and ex- 
merchant of llal(^slll(^ I. N. Reed. To this union has been born one 
son, Lyman F. Rrt-dcr, Jr.. the date of his liirth being the 17th of 
]\rarch," 1908. 

Lyman F. Reeder, as was his father, is an uncompromising advocate 
of the cause of the Democratic party, in the local councils of which he 
has long been an active factor. He served as mayor of Batesville for 
two terms, from 1904 to 1908, and it was during his regime that the 
movement for concrete walks took definite shape. At that time, too, the 
public sewer question was effectively agitated and the city stock law 
was passed. He proved a mo.st able and popular administrator of the 
municipal affairs of the city and he has contributed in generous measure 
to all matters affecting the civic and material welfare of this section of 
Arkansas. He is a member of the Arkansas Bar Association and is 
likewise connected with the Eighth Chancery District Association, of 
which he is secretary and treasurer. In the time-honored IMasonic order 
he is a valued and appreciative member of the Batesville Lodge, Ancient 
Free & Accepted Masons, and his religious faith is in harmony with the 
lenet.s of tlie Presbyterian ehiirch. 

Albert Sims, of Batesville, is the financial secretary of the Odd 
Fellows Orphans' Home located here. On both the paternal and the 
maternal side he comes of pioneer families, the Sims family having been 
founded here in 1855 and that of the Egners, his mother's people, even 
prior to that date. Both have been earnest and valuable citizens of the 
county and engaged chiefly iu agricultural pursuits. 

Mr. Sims is a native of the state of Arkansas, his birth having oc- 
curred near Jamestown, a country village somewhat southeast of Bates- 
ville, October 3, 1879. Robert C. Sims, the father, is still occupying the 
farm which was settled in 1855 by his father, Johnson L. Sims, who 
came hither from Abbeville district, South Carolina, and passed away 



13:,8 HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 

about the period of the Civil war. His five sons grew up around the 
old home, and when the war of the rebellion came they all enrolled in 
defense of the flag of the Confederacy, three of them falling in battle. 
The family comprised Mary, who married Captain Cullins, a Confed- 
erate soldier ; Robert C, cf Jamestown ; Louisa, who married first J. W. 
Baker and second, D. J. Odle; LaFayotte, Oliver and Jack, all of whom 
fell victims of Federal arms. 

Robert Sims was born in the year 1845 and was almost without 
educational privileges while growing to young manhood. His youth was 
passed in the troublous d;i.\s iniMTiling the Civil war and when it be- 
came a matter of open wnifaic lntwceu the two factions he enlisted 
in the Confederate servici- iiikI.m- (u-neral Cabel. in General Price's 
army, in the Trans-Mississippi department. He married Sarali F. 
Egner, whose father, William Egner, was born in Henry county, Ken- 
tucky. The Egner family was orginally German, Benjamin and Joseph 
Egner, brothers, being the founders of the Arkansas branch. The former 
was the father of William Egner and was one of the pioneers in sub- 
duing the soil, clearing the woods and blazing the way of civilization 
generally. Joseph Egner was a pioneer merchant of Batesville and a 
politician of the Democratic party, and in all the matters tending toward 
the advancement of the community he was active, one of the additions to 
the city being named for him. Through his political activities he came 
in course of time to be a member of the state legislature, and while he 
was at the capital his brother Ben visited Little Rock, drivuig the one 
hundred miles with an ox team, the common mode of travel for coun- 
try folk at that day. As Ben came down the main street in his primitive 
conveyance. Joe in his elegant attire of broadcloth and "stove-pipe" 
hat, tiie approved st;ii(siri:iii outfit, saw him. but pretended to be entire- 
ly oblivious, not caiiui; tn rrcounize his shabby relative before the ad- 
miring throng which siiriduniled him. Ben also discovered Joe in" his 
diplomatic disguise and waving his arms inquired with great audible- 
ness, "Joe, ain't you goin' to speak to your Brother Ben?" 

William Egner married a young woman named Powell and Mrs. 
Robert C. Sims was one of their family of eleven children. They became 
the parents of the following good citizens, the greater part of whom elect- 
ed to make Arkansas their home: Sallie, wife of L. D. Bounds, of Sa- 
binal, Texas; Williani J., who married Lilly Briggs, of Honey Grove, 
Texas, and died at Texarkana without issue : Henry is superintendent of 
the city schools at Stephenville, Texas: Dr. John A., of Stigler, Okla- 
homa; Mrs. V. E. Durren, of Hot Springs, Arkansas; Albert, the im- 
mediate sub.ieet of this review ; Charles E., who died unmarried at Sabi- 
nal, Texas, in 1907 : Effie, who became the wife of Albert Goodwin and 
resides at Hot Springs, Ai'kansas; Miss Mary, of Jamestown, Arkan- 
sas; Miss Esther, a trained nurse of Ft. Smith. Arkansas; and D. Odle 
and Prank, youths upon the home farm. 

To the high school at Jamestown is Albert Sims indebted for his 
education, and after finishing his studies thei'ein he began his activi- 
ties in the actual world of affairs as a teacher in the common schools. 
He followed the work for five years,— from the age of sixteen to twenty- 
one,— and for two years during that